Extremely beautiful, a very bright and unusual plant in the flowerbeds of horticultural plots is a foxglove flower. In appearance, the inflorescences resemble small bells. But they are brought together in a completely different way. This plant is a very good honey plant. A plant like foxglove perennial. It looks gorgeous in the center of any flower bed, and also fits organically into the shade around the spreading shrubs.
Magic around foxglove perennial
Not many people know that this plant was called the witch finger in ancient times. This name he received due to toxic substances that are contained in the flower. And also the composition of this plant includes:
- Vitamin complexes.
Therefore, perennial foxglove was widely used in alternative medicine and in performing various magical rituals. This flower was used by both white magicians and black sorcerers.
Description of the plant and the types of foxglove with photos
This plant has received this name due to the unusual shape of its buds. They clearly resemble protective thimbles on your fingers for sewing. Stems are usually straight and rather wide.
Buds are located very close to each other. And cover almost the entire stem, forming to the top, something remotely resembling a pyramid.
Color gamma buds fascinates with its diversity. The foxglove perennial buds are:
Buds are covered with tiny specks, dark color. Buds begin to bloom very slowly, they are opening every day more and more. The flowering period occurs at the beginning of summer, and the buds only fade when late autumn comes. Pay attention to the photo, here you can see the ideal shape of the leaves of the plant with clear deep veins. The color of the leaves of the flower is a rich green color, but without a reflection. They are not shiny, but as if a bit dull.
Please note that before planting a flower in the open ground this perennial, you should decide on the choice of variety. This is necessary precisely because the varieties of foxglove are completely different in color and height of the stems. Here are some of the most popular varietal types of digitalis, perennial:
- Purple foxglove. This is a bush perennial. Its height, as a rule, reaches 120–200 centimeters. When compared with other varieties of this plant, the stem is slightly pubescent. Leaves also look down. The buds of foxglove of this variety look like brushes, the flowers look like bells. The color scheme of buds is very extensive. This plant is different from other dark specks. This sort of bloom perennial fossil with the right care in the open ground for at least one and a half months.
- Variety Tapsi - It is also a perennial flower. The foxglove leaves of this variety have, as a rule, an elongated shape, saturated bluish color. Flower stalks grow no higher than 0.4–0.8 meters. Flower buds are collected in a single inflorescence having a pyramidal shape. The hue most often of buds varies from a delicate pink to a rich crimson color. What is important to note such a feature as poor resistance to frost. Perennial of this variety should be very carefully prepared for the winter. To delight us with its magnificent flowering the flower will begin, like all other varieties at the beginning of the summer period.
- Grape flowering foxglove. This is quite a tall perennial shrub, its height can reach 1.2 meters in height. The leaves, like the first variety of plants look a bit down. Have the outlines of crisp streaks. It is worth noting that the inflorescences of this variety are very beautiful, and attract the eye. The plant color is light tones of a yellow shade. This variety has characteristic streaks not only on the foliage, but also on the buds. The blotches remain the same as for all varieties. With its proper care, the foxglove begins to bloom in the open in early summer, when it blooms, it begins to bloom for the second time already in July, before the beginning of autumn.
- Merton's foxglove. This kind of color is considered a hybrid. The height of its stems does not exceed 0.8 meters. Unlike other varieties, the foliage on the stem of this plant is extremely fast-growing. And has glossy reflections. Buds elongated slightly swollen. Have a rich color of strawberry puree. This is a very early variety in its bloom. In the open field with proper care, the flower will begin to bloom in May. But it will also bloom very early in late June.
- Fox Rusty Rusty. This plant is considered to be decorative. Its height, as a rule, from 0.7–1.2 meters. The leaves have an elongated shape, like other varieties, they look down. This kind of flower when blooming is very similar to orchid buds. But they are not as large as other varieties, most often their diameter does not exceed 4 centimeters. The color range is different, its flowering begins later than other varieties. But it is also wonderful for a flower bed to always delight us with its colors and never cease to bloom. One grade will replace another, and the bed will always be well-dressed.
Cultivation of foxglove, planting and care in the open field
This plant is the favorite of many designers. Digitalis is not particularly difficult to grow. It is thanks to its decorative qualities that the flower can be planted in the most courageous decisions of designers. High quality foxglove varieties look very successful in creating hedges and restraints. But the low varieties of plant species are best used to design a kind of borders, and create flower paths.
Since this is a perennial plant, and it is considered to be self-seeding, it can be planted even in a small secluded corner of your garden plot, and after a while you will see how much this carpet of flowers will expand its ownership. It is best to grow this flower in combination with plants such as:
- Common types of trees and bushy bushes.
- Flowers that favor plant growth in the shade.
- Flower cultures are universal.
Very often, florists also find use for flower bouquets. They look very organically in high transparent vases.
Planting and growing a flower requires special soil preparation. As always in such cases with the help of a shovel they dig up the soil to the level of about 0.3 meters. When digging add organic fertilizer. But it will also not be superfluous to add a small amount of mineral additives to the soil.
After digging, we dub the soil with a rake, but note that the topsoil should cover all fertilizers and mineral powders with a layer not less than 10 centimeters. This plant is self-seeding. But seeds can also be bought at any specialty store. If you decide to sow seeds immediately in open ground, then this should be done not earlier than May. Once the soil is heated by the sun, you can immediately begin to sow the flower beds.
In that case, if you decide to start growing seedlings first, and then plant them in open ground, then for this you will need:
- Wooden box
- Soil mix.
The soil mixture is laid in the box, level it and sow the seeds. They need to be treated with manganese in advance in order to disinfect. This is necessary so that the seeds do not contribute to the soil of the disease. Spread the seeds around the perimeter of the box, note that the soil does not need to be closed. You will need a piece of plastic film or glass.
As soon as the first shoots come out, you need to start planting the plants. Each flower seedling will be planted in a separate container rather voluminous and capacious. Each seedling after the onset of the autumn period is planted for wintering and growing in open ground.
Diseases and pests
After you have carried out the planting, you have fulfilled all the recommendations for the care and cultivation of digitalis. You should not mistakenly believe that diseases and pests will not be able to get close to your flower bed. It is rarely worth noting that digitalis suffers from pests and diseases, but you have to be ready for everything. And also we say that all types of diseases to which this plant has a tendency are cured rather quickly, if measures are taken at the time.
The formation of small spots on the foliage can be overcome by introducing a fungicide solution into the soil mixture. This should be done as quickly as possible. the solution should contain as much copper as possible in its composition.
In the event that clear drawings resembling a mosaic appeared on the foliage, as well as the foliage begins to curl, despite proper plant care, we can talk about the development of such a disease as perennial rot. In this case, we recommend that you just gently dig up the infected plant from the flower bed and burn it. If you can not burn the plant, then pack it in a bag tightly and throw it in the trash. If you do not follow all the rules for the destruction of an infected plant, the disease can spread to healthy seedlings.
There are still quite common plant diseases like:
- Mealy dew.
- Diseases of the viral plan.
- Eating leaves with aphids or moths.
With all the pests and diseases that are listed above, you can cope with the use of chemicals, breeding and applying them according to the instructions.
Preparation of seedlings for the winter period
Some varieties of this plant very nicely winter without additional shelters. But there are, of course, varieties, when planting which should be taken into account immediately that they need proper care and shelter for the winter.
More often to create favorable conditions, no special adaptations are required, it will be possible to manage with fallen leaves only. If during the summer period and the care of digitalis, the root system has grown so much that it looks out of the soil cover, then they should be properly sprinkled with earth. This is required so that the roots do not freeze in the cold winter.
If plants are planted in a tank or pot, and you take them to a room for wintering, they will begin to bloom, as a rule, in the very first months of spring. So we looked at such a wonderful flower as foxglove, growing it and proper care.
Description, variety and photo foxglove
The name of the plant was due to the shape of flowers that look like thimbles. Its tall, erect flower stalks are covered with large flowers gathered in pyramidal brushes. Red, purple, pink, cream, white flowers are covered with specks of dark color. Petals foxglove bloom gradually. The plant blooms in June and blooms until autumn. Matt green bright leaves of the flower are oval in shape and deep veins.
When planning a flower bed or flower bed in your garden, it is necessary to determine the necessary varieties, since they differ not only in color, but also in height. Most often in landscape design the following varieties are used:
- Purple foxglove is known to almost all growers.. The shrub, 1.2–2 m high, is distinguished by a pubescent stem and leaves, large racemes and tubular bell-shaped flowers. Petals can have apricot, cream, purple, lilac, pink, yellow or white color with dark purple spots. The corolla of the flower can be clean or covered on the inside with a mesh pattern. Flowering lasts about one and a half months.
- Grade "Tapsi" is a perennial plant with large elongated leaves of a gray shade. and stems 40–80 cm high. Cluster inflorescences consist of 10–25 curved bell-shaped flowers of a pink-magenta shade. The plant is afraid of frost, therefore it needs shelter for the winter. Flowering occurs in June.
- Digitalis grandiflora is a bush up to 120 cm high. Leaves pubescent at the edges have veins. Graceful drooping racemes consist of light yellow flowers with a diameter of 4-6 cm. Inside they are dotted with brown veins and spots, and the outside have a slight pubescence. Flowers blooming in June or July decorate the plant for more than a month.
- Merton is a hybrid plant up to 80 cm high.. Its stems are covered with dark shiny leaves and bloated tubular flowers. They are distinguished by a speckled pharynx and petals of grated strawberry color. The blooming variety pleases in May - June.
- The digitalis rusty is an ornamental plant in height from 70 to 120 cm. Oblong-lanceolate leaves have a slight pubescence. Inflorescences consist of numerous, but not very large flowers, similar to orchids. They can be rusty, yellow-gray or light yellow with a pink bloom. The corolla is decorated with lilac or reddish veins. The plant blooms in the second half of June, and blooms until August.
Sowing seeds at home is done in March. To do this, seedlings are filled with soil mixture for indoor plants, which can be bought at a flower shop. The soil is moistened and the seeds are evenly distributed over it. Do not sprinkle them on top, but should be sprayed from the dispenser with water at room temperature.
The container is covered with plastic wrap and cleaned in a warm place until the seeds are pecking. As soon as the first seedlings grow, the film is removed., and boxes are exposed to a bright place. With the appearance of cotyledon leaves, sprouts need to be thinned. Seedlings with 4-6 true leaves are swooped in separate pots.
When growing seedlings foxglove it is necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out. Watering a plant like moderate. As the flower grows and develops very slowly, seedlings are planted in the open ground only in the fall. The distance between the plants should be from 35 to 40 cm.
Sowing seeds in open ground
Most often, the foxglove from seeds is grown immediately in the open field, where it also grows well and develops. The most suitable period for this is May and June.. The flower does not tolerate stagnant moisture, so the site for it should not be located near water sources and under deciduous trees.
The plants are undemanding to the soil, but when digging, it is recommended to apply fertilizers with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. Seeds are sown in rows, the distance between which should be 40 cm. One gram of seed is sown per square meter. Grooves and holes should not be pre-made, the soil should be simply loosen. Small foxglove seeds are distributed directly over the surface, because they simply cannot make their way out from under a thick layer of soil. The planted area is covered with a nonwoven covering material, which helps to preserve moisture and protect seeds from wind and birds. The growth of foxglove should take about one to two weeks.
It is almost impossible to sow the seeds so that they are at a proper distance from each other. Therefore, seedlings sprout very thick, and require thinning. This is done in several stages:
- When young plants are in the cotyledon stage, the weakest ones are removed. The distance between the remaining seedlings should be 5 cm.
- When a fourth true leaf appears, extra seedlings are dug up and transplanted to another site. The minimum distance between them should be 25-30 cm.
Throughout the summer, care for young foxglove shrubs is to moderate watering and protect them from direct sunlight.
In the first year, the plant will build up a leaf rosette and root system. It will begin to bloom only the next year after planting in open ground.. However, breeders were bred annual varieties that bloom in the first year. In winter, young plants are necessarily hiding, otherwise they may freeze.
Digitalis: landing and care
Before planting the bushes, the soil is dug up and enriched with manure or compost and mineral fertilizers. You can use “Nitrophoska” or add 1–2 cups of wood ash to the wells.
Care of adult plants is simple. Watering is done only as needed, because the flower does not like excessive moisture.. The soil around the bushes should regularly break through from weeds and from time to time to loosen. The roots of digitalis are horizontal, so loosening is done very carefully.
Plant care includes feeding two or three times per season. Special mineral fertilizers for blooming flowers are used. Overfeeding foxglove is not recommended, otherwise you can get a lush plant without flowers. Faded and wilted flowers are removed from flowering bushes. In this case, the flowering will last longer. Inflorescences that are already completely bloomed, are cut off.
When caring for digitalis it is recommended to look at the condition of the roots. By the end of the summer, they can crawl out. In the autumn they must be sprinkled with a thick layer of soil.otherwise, in the winter cold the root system will freeze and the plant will die.
With the right care in the fall the seeds will ripen on the plant. В таком случае взрослое растение размножается самосевом, что облегчает его размножение.
Наперстянка в ландшафтном дизайне
Великолепно смотрится растение как в одиночных, так и в групповых посадках. Different varieties can be planted in one flower bed, picking them up in color. However, it should be borne in mind that insects will produce cross-pollination, as a result of which the purity of the variety will be impaired.
Beautifully looks flower garden of tall plants with digitalis planted in it, peonies, valerian, roses. From bright high candles it is possible to create a background for lower plants. It will look impressive digitalis against the background of the building's contrasting color. It should be borne in mind that the plant is poisonous, so it can not be planted in children's institutions.
To decorate the border, even dwarf varieties will not work. But they can be grown in containers, decorating arbors or verandas. Some varieties are well cut and are used to make bouquets.
Planting on the garden plot of an unpretentious foxglove is an excellent alternative to demanding care for flowering perennials. Once grown from seed, the plant for many years will decorate the area with its bright peduncle candles.
Digitalis perennial: varieties and varieties
Vintage names foxglove are associated with a glove. In Europe, the flower was called witch gloves, dead man's bells (thimbles), bloody fingers, the Virgin Mary glove. In Russia, the plant has received the names of: forest bells, wolf foxglove, foxellops, wineglass. Photos of different varieties of foxglove convince of high decoration and magnificence of the flower.
The foxglove plant (Digitalis) belongs to the family of Norichnikovs. It was first described in the mid-16th century by a botanist and physician Fuchs. Then the plant got its name - "digitalis", which has been preserved for him to this day.
The natural habitat of perennial foxglove is found in Europe, Western Asia, the northern countries of the African continent, in Turkey. The genus includes annual species, biennials and perennials. All types of foxglove, altogether 25, are distinguished by high sizes (from 0.3 m to 1.5 m), lush flowering, and the original form of a bush.
The flower is very undemanding to the conditions of growth: in nature, digitalis can be found along the banks of streams and rivers, along roadside ditches and in the rocky foothills. The plant has a slender, powerful stem, which crowns the spike inflorescence, consisting of bell-shaped flowers of various colors. The lower lip of the bluebells is usually decorated with contrasting specks. Flowering culture begins in mid-summer, pumped in the fall. Numerous seeds ripen in boxes and remain viable for up to 3 years.
Important! All parts of foxglove are very poisonous. When growing plants should be careful.
Numerous varieties are most common in culture. A perennial plant is grown as a biennial. Digitalis purple has many varieties, blooming pink, white, lilac, carmine flowers, hairy pubescent. In the flower throat there are darker stripes and dots, which give an inexpressible charm to delicate bells digitalis.
Long inflorescence for a long time keeps decorative. Interesting varieties of digitalis purpurea, bred by breeders:
- "Alba" - pure white flowers without specks.
Currently, breeding work aimed at breeding varieties of digitalis
with long flowering and small size.
Other cultures are known in culture. foxglove species:
- Digitalis yellow - found in nature in Europe. A tall perennial (up to 1 m) crowns the ear of amazing yellow bells. Modern varieties of foxglove yellow have a smaller size and longer flowering. The plant is suitable for cultivation in containers and vases, as well as for indoor content when grown in pot culture.
Despite the fact that the foxglove is a very resistant plant, it tolerates frosty winters and a short summer drought perfectly, there are some requirements for choosing a place for a flower in a garden, compliance with which will allow you to grow lush, ornamental shrubs with bright colors.
In the spring, after the snow melts, it is necessary to remove excess moisture from the bushes of digitalis. Soaked roots will affect the normal growth of the plant, in this case flowering may linger, not start at all, or the flowers of the plant will be crushed and lose their decorative effect.
Planting foxglove in a sunny place guarantees abundant, bright and long flowering. In the penumbra, the planting of digitalis of specially bred varieties that tolerate penumbra and can bloom beautifully under the canopy of trees should be placed.
Adorable foxglove, in addition to regular watering, requires timely care: removing weeds, loosening the soil under the bushes and making the necessary nutrients.
Important! In early autumn, the condition of the plant roots should be checked: the roots of digitalis usually become bare. In order to preserve the plant in winter, in the fall it is necessary to make a bedding of the soil to the bare roots. In winter, the care of the plant continues: the condition of the roots must be checked several times, if necessary, their insulation.
Caring for a plant is simple, so newcomer growing foxglove will take little trouble, and a flowering bush admires the beauty of natural creations and adorns the garden beautifully. Photos of garden foxes are truly awesome.
Fertilizer and feeding foxglove
The fertilizer of perennial foxglove bushes is carried out in spring and summer, for which special nutrients are used. It is allowed to feed the plant with organic and mineral fertilizers. Complex mineral fertilizers with microelements is useful to make in the period of plant growth in dosages prescribed by the manufacturer.
Digitalis reproduces beautifully by dividing the bush, with its siblings in the spring.
Separated offsprings are planted in a permanent place - at this time young bushes require careful care and timely, uniform watering.
Digitalis perennial - seed growing one way of breeding this beautiful plant. It should be noted that digitalis reproduces itself very well by self-sowing. Growing from seed is practiced when breeding new varieties, as well as when a large number of seedlings of a given culture is needed.
Digitalis perennial: combination with other plants
Combinations of digitalis with similar perennials, equal in size to the bush, look decorative in mixed mixborders. Growing plants next to tree crops and shrubs, allows you to create amazing landscape composition. In landscape design they often use digital fox as a tapeworm on green lawns.
Perennial perennial in landscape design
Low-growing varieties of foxglove perennial are increasingly used in landscape design in the design of pools, ponds, alpine slides, rabatok and flower beds. Flowering plants in the second half of summer is ideal for the creation of seasonal flowerbeds, which collected the cultures of different period of flowering. In park landscape design, digitalis is often used for planting next to mature trees.