Representatives of the vast world of cacti captivate flower growers with their exotic look and ease of care. Quite a few enthusiasts gave their hearts to these prickly children of the sun. Especially popular in the home growing are the blooming species of cacti, which fascinate with their fleeting beauty of flowering.
In this article we will list the least capricious and most famous beautifully flowering species from the numerous cactaceous family, which are perfectly adapted for life in the house.
Freakish cactus, striking species diversity. Its morphological feature is the presence of tiny white woolly hairs on the surface of the skin, preventing the evaporation of water.
The plant blooms with large yellow flowers with a pubescent floral tube. An astrophytum needs bright light, does not require fertilization and is resistant to diseases and pests, which makes its cultivation quite easy. You can read more about astrophytum care here.
At home, only vaccinated forms of another species are cultivated. Blooms for 2-3 years of life with small flowers of different shades of white, yellow, red or green. Flower buds appear in spring. However, the seeds are not suitable for breeding, as there is no certainty that you will get the same variety.
Sulkorebution and Rebution
Miniature spherical papillary or ribbed members of the cactus family blooming profusely in spring or early June. Its appearance is similar to Mammillaria, but luxurious flowers of rebution of the most varied colors do not appear at the top, but from the sides or bottom of the trunk. Create paintings.
In their homeland in Bolivia and Argentina grow in the grassy crevices of high-mountain cliffs.
Small cacti with club-shaped shoots, which have a characteristic feature in the structure in the form of numerous papillae or tubercles. They can grow, forming colonies, so Mammillaria feels good in wide flat pots.
They are distinguished by an amazing variety of stem forms and flower color, which bloom in early spring. They form a kind of wreath or crown around the top of the stem.
Beautiful leafy blooming cactus, forming a long flat hanging shoots with teeth or grooves along the edges. It blooms very willingly in the summer. The flowers of many species are massive, their diameter often exceeds 10 cm. Some are open at night. Loves bright diffused light without direct sunlight.
Highly valued by cacti producers. Its distinguishing feature is a ribbed spherical stem, which can reach impressive sizes up to 80 cm in diameter.
Beautiful golden-yellow tubular flowers form a crown above the stem. Unfortunately, flowering occurs only in adulthood. The plant loves sunny positions. You must provide the right amount of moisture - in the summer, an earthen ball in a pot should not dry out completely. In winter, prickly pet costs rare irrigation.
This is one of the earliest described species in Europe, the first mention of it can be found at the end of the 17th century. In nature, it grows in mountainous areas, in rock crevices or cracked bark of large trees.
Climbing stalks of aporocactus can reach up to 2.5 m in length! Beautifully and abundantly blooms with very large flowers. Loves bright penumbra. The optimum summer temperature is +20 - 25 ° С, and in winter the temperature should be lowered to 13-18 ° C, otherwise the plant will not bloom. Watering in summer is moderate, and in winter it is very scarce until the soil dries out completely.
Most cultivated in the homes of representatives of the cacti bloom only in full sun. But there are species with evening and night blooms often with a wonderful delicate aroma.
Mix colored cacti
If you do not know which cactus to choose, you can purchase a mix set. Increasingly today such flower shops are found in flower shops. They consist of several types of cacti, so before you buy, ask which ones, so it will be easier for you to find information about them. Mix sets of colored cacti will be a great start for beginners and may well complement an already existing collection. Most importantly, observe the conditions of detention for each type and then, during the flowering period, they will bestow you with a chic bouquet.
It is worth telling a little about other, not less interesting types:
- Estostao (Espostoa)- or as it is also called "fluffy cactus". Instead of the usual needles, soft and silky hairs grow from the plant, and some specimens are completely wrapped up like a cocoon. If you want something unusual, then perhaps this is the most interesting option.
Espoo “fluffy cactus”
Among the long cacti, there are also several species. The first is Carnegia gigantic. This cactus grows to 15 meters, but do not expect a quick result. Usually, to grow up to 2–3 meters, the plant needs more than 30 years! Another view is Cereus. These cacti can grow even more - up to 20 meters.
Homemade cacti blooming photo
Quite often, this cactus can be seen in flower shops. With proper care, it will delight you with small colorful flowers every year in the spring.
Another frequent guest, both on counters and in homes and apartments. Blossoms from March to April. The flowers themselves are large, sometimes larger than the size of the plant itself.
We wrote about this cactus above, so we only recall that it blooms in summer, and the flowers that appear around the cactus tops resemble a wreath. Read more about care and common types of Mammillaria.
Externally, this cactus is no different from others, but it is valued primarily for large yellow flowers, which, although not very much, but they are very beautiful.
One of the most common and popular flowering species. For beginners, usually a cactus throws out no more than 1 flower, while for experienced gardeners, this number may approach 10! Read more about popular home care products.
- Prickly pear
About Opuntia can be read above. One has only to remind that it blooms in spring, it can be planted in open ground, and during the flowering period, the cactus will delight you with red or yellow flowers. Read more about popular types and care.Prickly pear bloom
Zigokaktus or Schlumbergera
Often, both the names of this flowering plant say less than its most popular name - Decembrist, associated with colorful flowering during the New Year and Christmas holidays. Especially impressive is the wide color range of its flowers - from white and gold to crimson and purple.
Unlike its counterparts, this cactus is the owner of the least pronounced spines, soft and harmless. Brought to Europe from the Brazilian tropics, zigokaktusy during the flowering period are a bit like colorful tropical orchids. Their flowers are formed on the downwards hanging shoots and delight gaze long flowering throughout the winter.
This is another amazing cactus without thorns, which also blooms in winter with bright yellow, small white or large pink flowers. Rhipsalis has very branched stems, often reaching up to 1 m, and during the flowering period it looks fantastic.
In the wild, ripsalis grows on trees and rocks in Brazil and Ceylon, and as a houseplant it is commonly used to decorate balconies and verandas.
This charming blooming cactus hails from the South American tropics is also called Easter, because it blooms for Easter. Many often confuse this species with the Decembrist.
In the wild, there are up to 3,000 species of it, some of which are grown at home. The varieties bred by botanists are distinguished by their particularly colorful flowering - with bright crimson, purple-red, dark cherry and even white velvety flowers.
Spider-shaped hedgehog cacti in the wild are found in the vastness of Mexico and the USA. They grow very slowly, but can reach impressive sizes (up to 3 m in height and up to 1.5 m in girth).
Also these plants are true long-livers, in nature their age can reach up to 500 years. At home, most often grown echinocactus stems. It has pale yellow spines and, expanding, from a spherical shape becomes barrel-shaped. Therefore, this species is also called the "golden barrel". Echinocactus bloom in yellow, pink or red flowers, often in several circles.
Even during the flowering period, this cactus originally from Uruguay impresses with its exotic appearance. Its tall columnar stems are covered with thin white spines, which create the illusion of aerial lace web.
With tubular flowers blossomed on either side, these cacti make an indelible impression, especially at the stage of rose and purple tubules of buds that appeared.
This blooming cactus is sometimes called the “Bunny Ears” for the characteristic shape of its flat stalks. Small-haired prickly pear has dark green stems against which spikes of golden shade contrast and bright yellow flowers of medium size.
Prickly pear white-haired with numerous long spines of white color and small yellow flowers looks interesting too. This species reaches 2 m in height and is more similar to those that grow in deserts.
This spherical cactus with numerous ribs blooms at night with large white flowers that have a very pleasant aroma.
In the wild, it is found in the rainforests of Bolivia and Brazil. This species is among the rare flowering cacti, which are highly valued by growers-collectors.
Blossfeldia is tiny
It is the smallest and most charming flowering cactus. In the wild, it is found at significant heights in the crevices of the rocks of Argentina and Bolivia. This miniature cactus grows very slowly, and with its first flowers it pleases patient flower growers by the age of 3-4 years.
Miniature funnel-shaped white flowers with a yellow core on a thin stalk appear at the top of the stem. The appearance of blosfeldii is atypical and reminds of involvement in cacti only with thorns, for which it is called a cheating cactus.
This species is called the "queen of the night" or the moon cactus, because it blooms exclusively at night. Incredibly beautiful yellow or pink flowers, similar to water lilies, in comparison with flowers of other types are very large and have a strong aroma.
In the large-flowered species, one large snow-white flower. One of the most exotic varieties of these cacti is Selenicereus Anthony, which is the owner of the brightest flowers. It is better known as “Fish Bone” for shoots similar to the skeleton of a fish. The exotic beauty of the “Queen of the Night” is fleeting - Selenicereus blooms only one night. But even so, he has the glory of a true favorite flower growers.
Blooming wild cacti
In the wild, flowering cacti are found in the jungle and on the rocky highlands of the South American countries, as well as among the desert expanses of Mexico and the United States. They are impressive for their majestic size, like giants, towering above lifeless territories. There are even real cactus "forests", which are especially fascinating during the flowering period. Most botanical wild cacti have learned to grow in greenhouse conditions. But some species that bloom in the wild often do not give flowers in such cases.
This desert giant (from 6 to 10-20 m tall) grows in the desert expanses of Texas, Arizona and California. In the wild, it blooms at night in May and June. Large white flowers with a golden center have a very strong aroma, but their age is short-lived - after a day the buds wither. Under greenhouse conditions such cacti usually do not bloom.
Giant Carnegia (Saguaro)
This is another giant from the world of cacti blooming in the wild. Growing on the slopes of the Cordillera and on the desert plains of Arizona, it is considered a true treasure of American flora. Once his flowers struck the first Catholic monks who arrived on this land, and the Indians used dried plant stems during construction. During sunset, the saguaro columns are a fantastic sight.
These cacti grow to 15 meters or more, and up to 2000 liters of water can accumulate in their stems. The impressive white flowers, towering on the tops of these giants, are also impressive. One flower contains up to 3500 stamens, and in its buds even birds often nest. These giants are growing very slowly, so they are especially protected by law. In the United States for harming at least one such giant cactus, you can get 25 years in prison.
This South American cactus is similar to a ribbed green candle, which is covered with a thick layer of spines and a slight down. In the wild, such “candles” are found on the mountainside in Argentina, Ecuador, Peru and can reach a height of 12 m. During the flowering period, the cactus pleases the eye with lush white flowers that bloom at night and have a pleasant aroma. It is also grown at home, but it rarely blossoms indoors.
The world of plants is full of wonders, and flowering cacti are one of the most incredible creations of Mother Nature. They are so fascinated by the beauty of their flowers that you can forget about their thorns, admiring the very charming flowering. It is worth even in the photo to admire the cacti in bloom to change your view of these thorny plants and fall in love with their enchanting beauty forever.
What are the types of cacti: names with descriptions and photos
Aporocactus - forest cacti
Aporokaktus pleytepidny, cactus snake, cactus rat tail.
Cacti often succeed in crossing species that have completely different forms of growth. A good example of this is the beautiful hybrid aporocactus. Already in 1830, the English gardener Mullison crossed A. flagelliformis with a growing vertically heliocereus (Heliocereus). As a result, an intergeneric hybrid with bright red flowers with a diameter of 10–15 cm, known as Aporocactus mallisoni, was obtained. In the fifties, the German breeder from Nuremberg, Grezer, succeeded in obtaining an intergeneric hybrid between A. flagelliformis and Trichocereus candicans, which attracted everyone’s attention. Recently, work on the hybridization of aporocactus has been carried out primarily in the UK, where they are crossed with hybrid phyllocactus (Epiphyllum hybr.). As a result, both smaller and larger plants with wilted or curved shoots and very beautiful flowers of various varieties - so far there is not only a pure yellow color - are obtained. Look at these types of home cacti in the photo - the names and description will help distinguish plant varieties:
Types of blooming cacti with names and photos
Astrophytum Capricorn (Astrophytum capricorne).
The species is characterized by matted, long, brown spines and large yellow flowers with a red throat. It tolerates lower winter temperatures than other astrophitums.
Astrophytum speckled, "bishop's miter" (Astrophytum myriostigma).
Bishop Miter is one of the few cacti completely devoid of thorns. There are forms with white felt flecks and without them, as well as with a different number of ribs, interesting looking square plants with four ribs. Relatively small plants can bloom.
Decorated Astrophytum (Astrophytum ornatum).
Compared with Astrophytum capricorne, this species has felt flecks most often in the form of stripes, and the spines are straight. In its homeland, Astrophytum ornatum reaches a height of 1 m. Plants bloom only in adulthood. Felted specks and yellow-brown spines add special decorativeness to this cactus.
Back in the 19th century, Abbot Begwain received the first astrophytum hybrid. Crossing different types of astrophytum allowed us to get a lot of more or less speckled and prickly plants with varying degrees of severity of ribs.
Browningia (Browningia hertlingiana).
Due to the beautiful blue wax on the stems, young specimens of this large South American columnar cactus can be found in the collections of amateurs. Голубой восковой налет образуется на стеблях только при теплом и светлом содержании и только у кактусов высотой не ниже 10—15 см. Необходимо умеренно поливать растения и опрыскивать их водой. Посмотрите эти виды домашних кактусов на фото, с которых на нас смотрят величественные и удивительные суккуленты:
Цефалоцереус – виды пушистых кактусов
Цефалоцереус старческий, «голова старика» (Cephalocereus senilis).
Due to its typical white hairy pubescence, young specimens of this large columnar cactus are often kept by amateurs in their collections. Cephalotsereus must be kept in a bright and warm place in a well-permeable substrate and must be watered very moderately.
Cereus Peruvian (Cereus peruvianus).
Sometimes in large greenhouses, and in the Mediterranean in the botanical gardens or gardens at hotels you can see tall, up to 4 m high columns of Cereus, which are abundantly blooming there with large, yellowish-white, undressed flowers. If we do not take into account the seedlings grown from seed mixtures, then we mostly cultivate the ugly form of the Peruvian cereus. At the beginning of the century, the Peruvian Cereus was present in almost every collection of cacti, but today this cactus is not commercially available, although it grows well when conditions are suitable for it. Care must be taken to prevent insect pests such as a mealybug in the folds and branches of the stem. Look at these types of cacti in the photo with the names of home grown specimens:
Kleistokaktus - rare species of large cacti
Kleistokaktus Ritter (Cleistocactus ritteri).
Due to its white prickles and yellow-green flowers between 40 cm tall and abundantly appearing in plants between long, white hairs, a rare species of cactus is of interest and is cultivated with pleasure by amateurs.
Kleistokaktus emerald (Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus).
This species has red flowers with a green border. The plant begins to bloom after reaching a height of about 25 cm. In winter, the cactus must be kept in not too cool and not too dry conditions.
Strauss cleistocactus (Cleistocactus strausii).
These cacti densely covered with white spines and hairs are well known to lovers.
Korifanta - types of small cacti and succulents with pictures
Cacti of the genus Echinocereus (Echinocereus) are especially popular among fans because of their often beautiful, decorative spines. In addition, large, spike-covered, with most often green stigma, flowers do not fade for many days. Cultivation conditions of Echinocereus vary in accordance with the area of their distribution in natural conditions. All Echinocereis love winter warm and sunny content. Some species grow very large, others grow well only in greenhouses. However, there are also species that can be successfully grown on sunny windows or in a greenhouse. Some species in the warm season are taken out on the street, placing in a sunny place. The substrate for Echinocereus should be predominantly mineral and contain a lot of weathered clay and coarse sand. In the spring of adult flowering plants should begin to water only after the flower buds become well visible, because otherwise they suspend their development. During the growing season at the beginning of summer, the cacti are watered abundantly, and the rest of the time they are watered rather moderately. In winter, plants should be kept dry and, if possible, in a bright place. With absolutely dry content, some species, such as E. pectinatus, E. reichenbachii, E. triglochidiatus or E. viridiflorus, tolerate short-term light night frost.
Echinocereus Knippel (Echinocereus knippelianus).
This small Echinocereus, which has very flat ribs and often no thorns at all, has a thick, knoblike root and, when cultivated on its roots, requires special attention when watering. Plants are often sold grafted on other cacti, in which case they grow faster and bloom profusely in early spring with beautiful pink flowers. This practically spiny-free cactus must be very carefully taught in the spring to the sun, after which it also carries a sunny location.
Echinocereus comb (Echinocereus pectinatus).
This species - at the same time being a representative of a whole group of closely related cacti - is popular with amateurs due to its comb-arranged spines, the color of which can sometimes vary in growth areas, and most often with its carmine-red flowers with a light or white-green center. These plants have a rather delicate root system, prefer the mineral substrate and love a lot of sun. Grows well mainly in greenhouses or a suitable greenhouse, but you can try to grow plants grafted on low rootstocks also on a southern window-sill or in a closed flower window on the south side.
Echinofossuklokaktus curly (Echinofossulocactus crispatus).
In Echinofossulocacti, it is very difficult to establish the boundary between individual species. Currently, a number of beautiful forms combined under the name Echinofossulocactus crispatus. It is very interesting to observe how white flowers with a wide light or dark purple stripe in the center of the petals make their way at the top of the head through a maze of thick, long and sometimes widely flattened central spines.
Under this name today are combined a lot of slightly different forms. Plants come from mountainous areas and are very hardy, but in early spring they are quite susceptible to sunburn. The spines are stiff and bent towards the stem. Due to turnip roots, it is recommended to use not very flat pots and a well-permeable substrate. The flowers in the original species are white, but there are forms with flowers ranging from pink and soft purple to dark red. In comparison with the stem, the flowers are long and large and with their bent narrow outer petals look beautifully shaped.
This columnar cactus of impressive size in its homeland prefers even conditions and not very cool content in winter. It appears in full brilliance only when cultivated in a greenhouse. However, due to its beautiful white woolly pubescence, young Espano plants are grown by amateurs also on bright windows. Plants can not be sprayed with water, because otherwise the white hairs may appear ugly lime paint.
This columnar cactus is also more suitable for cultivation in greenhouses, but young Evlynnia plants with their decorative spines and sometimes white felt or shaggy hairs areola are also grown in small collections.
These cacti in their homeland often grow into huge balls. However, young plants attract lovers with their powerful, often beautifully colored, flattened or hooked central prickles, which in young plants seem particularly large. Recently, exhibition specimens with a diameter of 30 cm with well-developed thorns, especially those of the species Ferocactus latispinus and F. wislizenii, began to arrive in Germany grown in flower farms in Tenerife. which are great for keeping closed, south-facing) ’floral windows. Ferocactus like a lot of heat and sun. As mentioned above in the description of Gruzhon's Echinocactus (Echinocactus grusonii), the temperature in winter should not fall below 12 ° C, and besides, plants like their feet to be “warm”.
The overwhelming majority of hymnocalyciums are easily recognized by their lumpy ribs, which have horizontal folds between the areoles. Also very typical are flowers bearing outside large, round and bare scales. Accordingly, the extended area of distribution in natural conditions, hymnocalycium impose different requirements in culture. However, most of them need containing humus, but at the same time a well-permeable soil mixture, which should have a slightly acidic reaction, hymnocaliciums are sensitive to an alkaline substrate. Therefore, it is necessary to water these cacti with soft or slightly acidified water. Most often they have few spines and seemingly green hymnocalyciums prefer a bright but not sunny location. Of the many cultivated species, amateurs with limited abilities to host a collection of cacti prefer the remaining small hymnocalyciums. The following types are suitable for growing in a room on the window.
Mikhanovich Gymnocalycium is a kind of Friedrich (Gymnocalycium michanovichii var. friedrichii rubra).
When mass seeding G. michanovichii var. friedrichii in some seedlings a mutation happened. Chlorophyll was completely absent in their tissues, so that only a pure red color remained from the red-green color of the stem. The Japanese flower growers seized the opportunity presented to them and successfully planted these seedlings on the stock, since they would not be viable without their own chlorophyll. As a result of the subsequent selection work, forms with bright red, yellow and crimson color of the stem were obtained from them. All these forms do not have chlorophyll, so they can only be cultivated in a grafted state. Sometimes these plants even bloom. Since quite often there is a contradiction between the slow growth of G. michanovichii and the rapid growth of the rootstock, these plants are not very durable. It is recommended to keep the content with regular watering and bright, however, shade from direct sunlight.
This columnar cactus blooms, as a rule, only in greenhouses. However, thanks to their attractive, sometimes fiery red, yellow or dark brown spines, young plants are also popular in small collections with amateurs. Haageotsereusi prefer a well-permeable substrate and a warm sunny location. After a short summer dormancy, the plants resume growth in the fall, and therefore, unlike most other cacti, they need regular watering at this time. These cacti should winter at a temperature of 10-15 ° C.
Flowers Hildevintera with the inner circle of short light petals can hardly be confused with the flowers of other cacti. Kaktusovody foamed this species for its golden-yellow, densely covering spines of thorns and abundant flowering. Thanks to its drooping shoots, this cactus is suitable for growing as an ampelous plant.
Types of cacti amillaria (with photo)
Mummillaria Bokasskaya (Marnmillaria bocasana).
Thanks to its thick white tomentose pubescence, an interesting looking species, each areola has one distance, with a hook at the top, a central thorn. The long red fruits are more beautiful than the small nondescript cream flowers. The plant is quite sensitive to excess water, a well-permeable substrate and moderate watering is recommended.
The magnificence of this plant is due to not rather inconspicuous yellowish-white flowers, but colored in various tones from light to dark yellow, reddish or brown spines. Due to the abundant branching forms large decorative groups of elongated shoots as thick as a finger. Recommended sunny location, well-permeable substrate and moderate watering.
Mammillaria dlinnososochkovaya (Marnmillaria longimamma).
A distinctive feature of this species are unusually long nipples and bright yellow, relatively large flowers. Purely cut and sufficiently dried nipples can root and form thus new plants.
Currently, under this name a whole group of slightly different forms is combined, the most famous of which is still often called M. centricirrha. In any case, all forms contain milky juice. In this case, we are talking about the typical representatives of the so-called “green mammillaria, which with age form large and often very beautiful clumps with a striking contrast between the green stems, white felted hairs in the papilla sinuses and red flowers. Plants must be kept in a bright place, otherwise the thorns do not develop well.
This species also has hooked spines, however, unlike M. bocasana, the sinuses between the papillae are bare. Already young small plants bloom profusely purple-red, rarely white flowers. Blooming specimens in large quantities annually go on sale on the eve of Mother's Day. The plant gives offspring and over the years forms large clumps. It prefers flat wide pots and a well-permeable substrate containing a sufficient amount of sand. Look at the types of cacti of the amillaria in the photo and the above descriptions will acquire the characteristic visual outlines:
Thick, twisted spines vary in color from creamy white to dark brown. In carmine-red, inside the yellow flowers, even after full blooming, the inner petals remain folded together. Flowers appear in late autumn or early spring. A highly permeable, preferably mineral substrate and moderate watering is recommended.
This species is also distinguished by its variability. Plants with green-blue stems and black spines on their crown at the point of new growth are especially appreciated. Pale reddish-white flowers bloom completely.
Notokactus Hazelberg (Notocactus haselbergii).
The crown of this species is unusually flat obliquely. Stigma, unlike other notokakusov dark yellow. Already at the very beginning of spring, red buds appear on the side of the head inclined towards the light.
Leninghaus Notocactus (Notocactus leninghausii).
This species has short cylindrical stems and differs from the usual portrait of spherical notocatus. Thanks to its thick golden-yellow spines and yellow flowers appearing on plants with a height of 20 cm, the cactus looks highly decorative. The top grows obliquely in the direction of light. Do not change the position of the plant relative to the light.
Ottocactus Otto (Notocactus ottonis).
This species previously belonged to the standard cacti lovers plants and is often found on sale today. This green plant with a small number of spines and woolly crown must be kept in a bright, but not sunny place. Silky yellow Flowers have red stigmas characteristic of actually notakaktus.
Notocactus submammulosus var. Pampeanus.
This species is interesting light, awlly flattened central spines and yellow flowers with a typical red stigma.
Types of flat cactus prickly pears (with photos)
Prickly pear small hair (Opuntia microdasys).
This species is still quite common in the sale. Due to the very short, hairy spines, the segmented stems appear covered with small pads. There are forms with white, yellow, reddish and brown spines. Types of tephrocactus (Tephrocactus) subgenus originating from the high Andes of the Andes can be cultivated in greenhouses (group 4). Some frost resistant prickly pears in vineyards with good drainage can also be grown in rocky gardens in the open field. Look at the prickly pear cactus in the photo, which in combination with the descriptions will allow you to create a completely correct picture:
Oreocereus - types of cacti without thorns: names and photos
Oreocereus Troll (Oreocereus trollii).
This cactus is densely shrouded in white hairs. The central flowers making their way through the hairy cover vary from yellow to reddish.
Cactus species parody
The distinguishing features of these frequently sold plants are powerful yellow spikes with a hook at the end and yellow flowers.
Parody of Schwabs (Parodia schwebsiana).
This, like many parodies, takes the plant with a short-columnar shape with age and is distinguished by its white-topped tip, which is decorated with more and more new groups of red flowers for several weeks.
Pilosocereus (Pilosocereus palmeri).
This columnar-shaped cactus covered with a blue wax bloom at a height of about 50 cm in the areola has long decorative hairy bunches that form a kind of a hairy cap, pseudocephaly, at the top of the stem. Only under favorable conditions and when a plant reaches a certain age, red-brown flowers appear from this hairy cap. (When cultivated in greenhouses, the species blooms easily.) Look at these types of cacti without thorns - their photos and names will allow you to make the right choice of plants for your home:
Thanks to the beautiful prickles justifying the Latin name of the plant “sun-shaped”, and the elegant orange flowers, this species looks very attractive. In terms of culture, thanks to offspring at the base of the stem forms whole curtains. Sometimes in the middle of summer plants have a summer period of rest, during which they should be watered very moderately. Breeding from offspring ("babies") is easy, but in this case, the plants often do not have a turn shaped root. Graft plants often give the impression of being overfed.
Rebution dwarf (Rebutia pygmaea).
This species belongs to the group of rebuses having short-cylindrical stems and forming clumps due to the large number of offspring. Растение имеет реповидный корень, поэтому для выращивания рекомендуется использовать хорошо проницаемый субстрат.
Рипсалис – виды кактусов с листьями
Шлюмбергера (Zygocactus) х Schlumbergera truncata «Рождественский» кактус.
Как и у «пасхального» кактуса стебли этого растения состоят из листовидно уплощенных, коротких члеников. Along with the natural, blooming red flowers form, there are currently magnificent varieties with flowers of various colors: from white and pink to yellow and red-violet. The flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds and, unlike the flowers of “Easter” cacti, have a zygomorphic structure. The flowering time falls on the Christmas holidays, because the tab flower buds occurs with a decrease in the length of daylight. Schlumbergers are grown in the same way as ripsalidopsis and ripsalis in a light, slightly acidic and well permeable substrate. Plants prefer a bright, but not sunny location. In the summer, these cacti are kept in their usual place in the room or taken out onto the street and placed in a light shade under a tree. In the latter case, you need to take care of protecting plants from snails. The light dormancy period from mid-September to mid-November with a decrease in watering along with a short daylight hours contributes to the formation of flower buds. After the appearance of buds, plants cannot be rearranged and rotated, they should be regularly moistened and kept in warm conditions, since otherwise dropping of buds is observed. Along with the plants growing on its roots, there are also graft forms implanted on the peireskia or selenitsereus (Selenicereus).
Selenicereus grandiflorus Selenicereus grandiflora, "The Queen of the Night."
These large cacti have thin, serpentine, creeping or climbing climbing shoots. They are especially popular cacti, although they are grown only by very few cacti-growers. However, the plant, which simultaneously blooms a lot of gorgeous flowers with a diameter of up to 25 cm, is an unforgettable sight. Flowers open with the onset of the evening and remain open for only a few hours. In the morning they fade. The plant is cultivated in a large pot or flower tub containing mostly humus, however, despite this, it is a well-permeable substrate. Regular fertilizer fertilization is a prerequisite for strong growth and abundant flowering. Shoots tied to a strong support. Plants prefer a warm and bright, but not very sunny location. In winter, they must be maintained at a temperature not lower than 15 ° C and keep the substrate slightly moist.
Setehinopsis (Setiechinopsis mirabilis)
Upon reaching a height of only 10 cm, the plant develops more and more new groups of its elegant white flowers that bloom at night. Many seeds are formed as a result of selfing.
Stetsonium Stetsonia coryne.
Seeds of this species growing in their homeland in the form of a tree-like cactus are often found in mixtures of cactus seeds. Young plants with a columnar bluish-green stem and long black spines look extremely attractive. V-shaped fruits are formed above the areolae. Stetsonias should be cultivated in warm conditions, even in winter the temperature should not fall below 15 ° C. Plants require moderate watering.
Compared to a similar Rebutia genus, sulcorebutinas have narrow linear areoles and comb-shaped hard spines. The flowers outside are quite large, wide scales. The genus was isolated only in 1951, and then only one species was known. Thanks to numerous scientific expeditions and travels to collect new species, so many attractive plants were found that it almost made sulkorebution one of the most popular cacti. True, due to the confusion with collection numbers, names and varieties, it is now very difficult to navigate among plants of this genus; however, apart from taxonomic problems, sulkorebution are the remaining spherical small cacti with beautiful spines and numerous attractive flowers of various bright colors.
Almost all species vary in relation to the color of the spines and flowers, and most form numerous offspring. Sulkorebutsii, as lobivii and rebution, should be maintained in sufficiently "Spartan" conditions. They require a bright, but not hot place.
Considerable difference in day and night, as well as summer and winter temperatures is desirable. Sulkorebutsii grow poorly in the constantly well-heated living rooms, but they are excellently developed in regularly ventilated greenhouses or on a weatherproof outside sill. Wintering should be cool and dry.
The genus includes spherical or slightly elongated cacti, both with ribbed and papillary stems. Typical of the genus is that the flowers appear at the end of a short groove at the very top of the stem. Many lovers especially appreciate the telokaktus for their powerful, sometimes variegated spines and large flowers. Telokaktus prefer predominantly mineral substrate and during the growing season should be kept in a sunny and warm place. In winter, they can be kept in cool and completely dry conditions. They are suitable cacti for cultivation on a closed sunny flower window.
This large columnar cactus has stamens located in the form of a stepped wreath, like representatives of the genera Echinopsis and Lobivia. Many trichocereuses bloom only in greenhouse conditions, however young specimens are happy to be kept by amateurs and in small collections thanks to their attractive spines. The remaining small species also bloom only under favorable cultivation conditions. Trichocereis need nutrient, well-permeable soil and regular abundant fertilizing with fertilizer. In the summer, the plants are kept in the sun and warm, in the winter - dry and cool.
This species is popular for its spectacular long spines. White flowers appear only on plants above one meter in height.
There are hybrids obtained by crossing such trichocereses such as T. thelegonus, T. candicans or T. grandiflorus with various echinopsis. These hybrids have large, bright and well-shaped flowers. Hybrid trichocereus require a warm, sunny content and good feeding.
These small spherical cacti with paper-like, hairy or feathery spines are becoming increasingly popular among fans. Even in a small room, you can collect the whole of their collection, usually very small plants still bloom profusely. In their homeland, turbinic arps have to exist in difficult conditions. Plants are characterized by slow growth and in culture should not cause their more rapid development. These cacti have turnip roots, therefore a well-permeable mineral substrate is recommended for their cultivation. Plants are planted in small, but high pots or planted in large quantities in a larger pot. Turbinicarpus are watered moderately even during the growing season, they can be drawn out if they are watered excessively. In the summer, the plants are kept in a warm and bright place, but not in the bright sun. The perfect wintering is dry and cool. In places of natural growth plants are often very rare and therefore protected by law. However, seed reproduction in culture is easy and does not pose any problems.
This species is very popular due to its white feathery spines and purple-red flowers blooming in early spring. Already in winter, buds in the form of small black dots are clearly visible on the top of the cactus.
This type of cacti boasts the presence of a huge number of varieties and variations. Plants of the mammillaria genus are small, they can take on different shapes and colors. This genus is the most numerous in the cacti family.
Stem: spherical or cylindrical. On a stalk conical soft nipples are located in even rows. Spines - bristle, soft, thin.
Maintenance and care: these cacti are very fond of light, but which one depends on how trimmed the plant is. In contrast to the neubushnyh, which do not tolerate direct sunlight, the pubescent cacti need to receive a large amount of direct light.
In winter, when the plant is kept in a cool room, it is not necessary to water at all.
This cactus is one of the most common plants in the world and a very popular indoor plant, which every year attracts more and more growers.
Stem: These flowering indoor cacti have a rounded fleshy stem with a hollow on the top, covered with spiral ribs and short, hard spines of silver or yellowish color.
Flowers: day, have elongated tubes of glossy petals that have grown together, and the diameter is about 2.5 cm. The flowers can be cream, pink, purple or scarlet.
Flowering period: about two days in april-june.
Maintenance and care: they are not afraid of direct sunlight when the room where the cactus is located is well ventilated, they feel comfortable at temperatures from +5 ° C to +25 ° C and are well adapted to sudden changes in temperature. Watering is rarely necessary, waiting until the soil dries well.
The name of this variety of cacti in Latin sounds like “Cereus”, and it means “wax candle”. Such cacti are long-lived in the plant world. Under natural conditions, the cereus is a giant plant that can grow up to 20 meters in height. For home cultivation, however, choose more compact subspecies of Cereus.
Stem: rough with pronounced ribs. Depending on the subspecies, it can be smooth or covered with sharp long needles.
Flowers: large white, located laterally. Some subspecies can boast a pleasant aroma of vanilla.
In order for direct light not to harm the plant in spring or summer, it is necessary to accustom the cereus to it immediately after the end of winter. As for the temperature, in winter, when the cactus has a rest period, the optimum temperature for it is +8. +12 ° C.
At any other time, the cereus is unpretentious, quietly transfers heat and sudden changes in temperature.
It is necessary to water with warm water, in the summer - more often, further reduce the frequency of irrigation. You can not overmoisten the plant: it can get sick and rot.
“Rhips” is a word from which the name of this species resembles, translated from Greek means “weave”, which very accurately describes the appearance of this plant.
Stem: may be different: ribbed, rounded, flattened. As a rule, the stalk is not one, but from one pot grows many climbing dangling stalks without thorns, which is the main difference of this species from the others.
Flowers: small, delicate, like bells of pink, white, yellow or bright red.
Flowering period: a few days in spring and summer. Maintenance and care: Representatives of this type of cacti prefer bright diffused light and can grow in the shade. In summer, you can place a pot with a plant on the veranda or in the courtyard, but so that direct rays do not fall on it.
For this type of cacti a comfortable temperature in the spring and summer is +18. +20 ° С, in winter - +12. +16 ° C. Such cacti are not sensitive to air humidity, but in the summer they need to be sprayed with warm infused water.
During the vegetative period, the plant should be watered regularly when the topsoil dries, in the fall it is worth reducing the watering and in the winter it is very rare to water it.
Echinopsis is not different from most species of flowering cacti, which received their names due to external signs. “Echinos” in Greek means “hedgehog”, and this name is perfectly suited to all members of this species. Stem: at first it has a spherical shape, then it is drawn out and takes the form of a cylinder. Color can be both bright green and dark. The ribs are smooth, pronounced brightly. The size and density of spines differs depending on the specific subspecies.
Flowers: large (diameter - about 14 cm) funnel-shaped pink, white, yellow or orange, grow on a pubescent tube, the length of which can reach 20 cm.
Flowering period: 1-3 days in spring.
Maintenance and care: like a bright light, normally tolerate direct sunlight. Comfortable temperature in summer is from +22 ° С to +27 ° С, in winter - from +6 ° С to +12 ° С. Spring and summer should be watered a few days after the soil under the plant dries out completely. During the period of rest (in winter) it is possible not to water it at all or to do it very rarely. Do not need spraying even in summer.
Epiphyllums are cacti with a shrub growth and woody base.
Stem: leaf-shaped, fleshy, with notches.
Flowers: appear on modified stems - cactus leaves. Voronkovidnye, rather large size, have a long tube and a pleasant aroma. Color: white, cream, yellow, pink, red.
Flowering period: spring, the flower disappears after 5 days after blooming.
Since epiphyllum is a type of cacti of wet forests, it needs watering much more frequently than those of cacti that originate from arid areas.
To water it, it is not necessary to wait until the soil in the pot is completely dry, it is necessary that it is always wet, and only the top layer dries out. At a time when the cactus blooms, it can be fertilized.
General information about cacti
Cacti are a relatively young family of plants on our planet; they appeared at a time when mammals were already reigning on earth. Cactus is home to South America, from where they spread throughout the Western Hemisphere. And thanks to migratory birds, some of their species were trapped in Africa and Asia.
In essence, all cacti are succulents, that is, plants that can accumulate water in the stalks in case of long periods of drought.. A distinctive feature that distinguishes the family of cacti, is the presence of their areola - special modified branches that have the form of buds. It is from the areoles that spikes, flowers and “babies” grow in cacti, with which cacti make vegetative reproduction.
Areola Grandifolius Cactus
Cacti are truly unique plants. Even photosynthesis in them goes differently than in the rest of the plant world: carbon dioxide for him going plant at night, not during the day. This is due to the fact that during the day, to avoid loss of moisture, the stomata of the cactus are closed.
The living conditions of cacti are the most extreme. Some of them live in desert areas with devastating daily temperature fluctuations and very little normal rainfall. Others, on the contrary, live in conditions of exceptional humidity that can destroy all other types of plants.
The appearance of cacti has always surprised flower growers: the appearance of the plant can not be called attractive or friendly, but the flowers that occasionally appear on it, are able to impress the imagination of any connoisseur.
In terms of biology, cacti are divided into 4 subfamilies and 11 tribes. However, such a division is not interesting to the cactuskeepers. They share cacti either in appearance, according to the conditions of life in the natural environment.
In appearance cacti are:
The habitat classification is simpler: cacti are divided into desert and forest. Such a division of these plants is of a purely practical nature: in order not to freshen up all 11 tribes, it is easier for a cactuskeeper to immediately indicate his form and “place of residence”, and it becomes immediately clear what he is dealing with.
Forest or tropical cacti are usually very similar to each other. These are lianoobraznye plants, which are often epiphytes (using other plants as a support). Sometimes among them there are species that parasitize on other plants. Some species of tropical cacti grow even in the ground.
Forest cactus epiphyllum with flowers
However, in the bulk of this plant, the roots of which practically do not come into contact with rich soils and organic matter, which they are forced to be content, very poor in nutrients. The shape of the leaves of tropical cacti is also very specific - these are long, flattened shoots with thin short tendrils instead of spines.
If forest cacti are more or less similar to each other, their desert relatives are represented by three types:
- Possess stems spherical or cylindrical.
- Areoles, distributed relatively evenly, can be located on small edges.
- Extremely resilient and adaptable plants.
- Vaccinating any cactus is impossible without echinopsis, which are used as rootstocks.
- However, it would be a mistake to consider them exclusively as “technical” plants.
- There are many varieties of these cacti with excellent decorative properties.
- The most common type of cacti.
- They are distinguished by the characteristic shape of the stem - it is flattened and resembles a small cake.
- There are a huge number of varieties of prickly pears, which in the places of their natural growth find the most diverse use: from food to dyes or raw materials for the production of alcoholic or medicinal products.
- Living conditions of prickly pears are also very different.
- Существуют виды, способные переносить отрицательные температуры и кратковременное пребывание под снегом, или частично вросшими в лёд.
Виды домашних кактусов
В домашних условиях кактусы меняют свой образ жизни и иногда даже внешний вид. Это связано со способностью всех суккулентов подстраиваться под условия окружающей среды. Most often, such a manifestation may occur unnoticed by the host, for example, the root system is reduced or a change in the flower growth rate occurs.
In some cases, these lifestyle changes are reflected in the appearance of the cactus. As a rule, this does not lead to deterioration in the appearance of flowers, sometimes due to these changes their classification can be difficult.
- The original cactus, which reduced spines. Most varieties have a flattened form and triangular branches from the stem.
- Plain appearance of the plant is compensated by large beautiful flowers or buds that appear on it every spring.
- It has a core root system, often with a large thickening that must be considered when selecting a pot for this pet. Sometimes the size of the root is 4 times the size of the ground part of the flower.
- Flowering occurs at the end of autumn and lasts for several days.
- After that, the plant ripen fruits containing many small seeds. Seeds of Ariocarpus have germination for several years.
- Plants with a long cylindrical shape.
- Their height, even at home, can reach up to 4 meters, and thickness up to 15 cm.
- Although, mostly, in pots they grow specimens not exceeding 0.5 m in height.
- The plant is always perfectly straight, possessing about a dozen unexpressed edges.
- The root system is highly developed, which must be considered when growing.
- A distinctive feature of these plants is a large number of thin spines growing from areoles.
- Moreover, the spines can be both thick and thin. Sometimes with a large number of soft spines, the cactus seems to be covered with a kind of down.
- Cacti of this type are extremely common. Some botanists believe that mammillaria is even more than all opuncia.
- The main difference from other cactus plants is the characteristic form of areoles and their large number.
- In addition, the flowers of these plants do not appear from the areola, but from the special sinuses located between them.
- The plant requires a lot of heat and light to maintain.
- This is one of the most demanding cacti, however, if all the conditions are met, its flowering will be one of the most abundant in the whole family.
- Mammilys do not allow temperatures below + 15 ° C in summer.
- Also critical for them are daily fluctuations in temperature greater than 8-11 ° C.
- In winter, plants can tolerate temperatures of about 10 ° C; however, already in mid-March, the plant requires summer conditions.
- He is peyote or peyote. The same cactus, rich in mescaline, which was used in their practices by the representatives of the clergy of the Aztec and Mayan civilizations.
- And although its cultivation is prohibited by law in most countries, there are a fairly large number of photographs of this plant grown not in the wild.
- It is a relatively small plant, with a diameter of up to 9 cm, spherical or cylindrical in shape, devoid of thorns.
- The root system is quite developed, it is from it that many “babies” of this cactus are formed.
- Flowers appear at the top of the cactus. The older he is, the more flowers.
- Flowering time is about a month.
- In Latin it is translated as "the head of an old man." It grows slowly, but in natural conditions it reaches truly gigantic sizes: specimens with a height of up to 15 m and a diameter of up to 0.5 m were recorded.
- An amazing feature of this plant is its theoretically unlimited growth in the home.
- If you do not take measures to stop the root system, the plant is capable of growing at home to its natural, natural size.
- In the summer requires good lighting and ventilation, watering moderate, no more than 1 time in 10 days.
- In winter, the plant requires restless rest with a temperature of about + 5 ° C, which can sometimes be a problem for the cacti-grower.
- Although the flowers of this cactus are quite large (up to 10 cm in diameter), however, it is difficult to call them attractive because of the unpleasant smell that cephalotrus naturally attract bats.
- One of the unusual representatives of cacti. Refers to the tropical type.
- It is cultivated in pots suspended or installed on high supplies.
- For about three years, it is capable of expanding down completely to hide the support on which it is located.
- It is an epiphyte with small roots, serving mainly for attachment to a support.
- The stem is branched, up to 1.5 m long, with one hundred, their thickness does not exceed 4-5 mm.
- It has a large number of areoles, in each of which a flower is formed.
- Usually, all flowers, except those located on the cone of growth, fall away, the latter can bloom within a week.
- After flowering, all branches of ripsalis are covered with berries in a shape similar to large currants.
As mentioned earlier, these plants practically do not need to be cared for, since their living conditions are very harsh and cacti have adapted to survive. This does not mean that you can not follow the cactus at all, or to ignore the conditions of its maintenance - we still have to provide some minimum amenities to our prickly pet.
Soil mixtures and pots for cacti.
The main requirement for the substrate in which cacti will be grown is the large size of the particles of which it consists. Cacti need air nutrition of the roots and free penetration from the surface of even minimal volumes of water, so there should be no obstacles to this.
Very non standard solution
In addition, the peculiarity of the root system, and indeed the entire metabolism of cacti, is such that these plants absolutely do not tolerate a large amount of organic matter (and sometimes just nitrogen compounds) in the soil. Excessive consumption of nitrogen causes a violation of the growth of plant cells, and it may die within a few days. Nitrogen, of course, cacti is needed, but its amount must be strictly dizirovanny.
The approximate composition of the mixture for growing cactus is as follows:
- Leaf ground, from which any parts of wood (branches, sticks, large sawdust) are removed - 4 parts
- Soddy clay soil - 4 parts
- Coarse sand, fine crushed stone or pebbles - 4 parts
- Middle crushed stone, brick crumb, middle pebble - 1 part
- Charcoal - 1 part
You can use a simpler composition:
- Sodland - 2 parts
- Coarse sand - 3 parts
- Small crushed stone - 1 part
Sometimes you can add a little fertilizer to the substrate. Superphosphate or potassium nitrate (teaspoon per 2-2.5 liters pot) is well suited for this purpose. When using superphosphate, a teaspoon of calcium carbonate is also added.
Approximate view of the substrate for cacti
The volume of the pot in which it is planned to grow a cactus must exactly match the volume of the expanded cactus root system. If there is too much free space in the pot, the cactus will not grow until it forms a root system sufficient for the pot. With a small amount of free space, the root system of the cactus will begin to die off, which will also adversely affect the growth of the spiny pet.
It should be understood that not the entire volume of the pot will be used for soil. Approximately a quarter of the bottom of the pot will be occupied by drainage (made, as a rule, of expanded clay or large crushed stone). And in the upper part of the pot will be located the so-called powder - a layer of fine crushed stone or pebbles, completely covering the soil from above.
Cactus pot that uses powder
Sometimes ordinary sand is used as a powder. The total amount of drainage and powder in a pot can take up to half of its volume.
Irrigation and spraying issues
Depending on the natural living conditions of the cactus, the conditions for its irrigation are different. Basically, this refers to the amount of water applied under the cactus and the frequency of irrigation. These parameters depend not so much on the cactus variety, but on the climatic conditions in the area where it grows.
Due to the fact that many cacti grow in similar natural conditions, it is allowed to grow several cacti of various species in one pot. In addition, there are general rules that apply to all plants, regardless of their conditions of detention or the "native" climate.
All cacti need watering with settled water (without chlorine and impurities), which has room temperature. Of course, the best water for irrigation of these plants is melt water, but very few people will be engaged in its collection.
Watering a cactus with a watering can
Water the cacti either in the usual way, from above, or with the help of a pallet. It is believed that watering with a cactus pan is more desirable because it does not destroy the soil structure and does not cause damage to the root system. However, most cacti growers prefer watering from above.
In this case, an error is often made, as a result of which water falls on the stem of a cactus. This is not entirely correct, since the water on the cactus should fall only in the form of finely dispersed suspended matter in the air. Therefore, watering must be done by directing the stream of water not at the center of the pot, but at the edges.
Cacti love spraying, because in natural conditions they are covered every morning with small droplets of moisture falling on them in the form of dew. It uses a spray gun that can create the smallest droplets of water. Dew temperatures are usually lower than air temperature, however, at home, it is better to spray cacti with warm water, about 30-35 ° C.
Transplantation of cacti is much easier than transplanting any other plants. Firstly, because cacti are more hardy, and secondly, since the substrate has a large fraction, the root system of the plant is easier to get rid of it.
The transplant process is in full swing
Before starting a transplant, you should not water a cactus for at least a week. At the same time, the substrate will dry out sufficiently, it will become easier and taking it out of the pot will not be a problem. In order not to hurt your hands with the cactus spines, you can use various devices - from gloves to specially made ribbons.
Holding cactus while transplanting with household sponges
- Usually, when transplanting, a new pot with a diameter of 2-3 cm more than the previous one is selected.
- Drainage and a little bit of new substrate are laid on the bottom. After that, a cactus is installed in a new pot and powdered to the level of the root collar.
- Powdering is no longer desirable, because the stem above the root, immersed in the substrate, or even powder can start to rot.
- The first watering after transplanting is done no earlier than two days. Preferably the first week after transplantation is not to expose the cactus to drafts.
Types and varieties of home cacti with names and descriptions, care (100+ Photos): blooming, with leaves and without thorns + Reviews
Cacti are excellent pets for home cultivation. Few of the plants can boast such a successful combination of a variety of colors and shapes with ease of care and unpretentious conditions. Cacti are able to give their owner thousands of unforgettable hours of interesting and fruitful hobby, with which in the plant world there is little that can be compared. We have tried to collect for you useful and interesting information on this issue. If you do not agree with these estimates, leave your rating in the comments with the arguments of your choice. Thank you for your participation. Your opinion will be useful to other users.
Cacti species photos with titles
Cacti are very common all over the world, as the number of people keen on growing and breeding these amazing plants increases every year. There are very unusual species, not at all prickly, exotic, original, unusually beautiful flowering cacti species of photos with the names of different varieties are presented in the article.
The cactus family is very numerous and diverse, so it is easy to choose among this variety a kind of cactus that would blossom and develop well with home care. Choose from all the magnificence and diversity of the plant to your taste is not difficult.
Habitat of cacti and their varieties
The best natural habitat for such unusual plants are arid desert and semi-desert areas of Bolivia, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Peru, there is the greatest variety of forms and types of cacti. They can be found in some countries of Spain, Asia, Africa, Australia, India. In the wild, cacti grow in the Crimea, on the Mediterranean coast.
Having adapted to the harsh climate, they began to spread across the highland deserts: on the elevated plateaus of Peru, Bolivia, there are whole thickets of escobarium, mammillaria, telokaktus, neosessii. Winter temperatures can fall to zero there, snow falls, plants have to adapt to such difficult climatic conditions.
Brazilian, Uruguayan savannas are a suitable place for the growth of prickly pears, Peresa, Cereus, and long dry periods are characteristic of that climatic zone.
The richest in diversity of cacti Mexico, the most bizarre forms grow in the mountainous Andes, many diverse beautiful species can be found in South America, which is considered the birthplace of cacti.
By their appearance, cacti are conventionally divided into:
Natural environment suitable for desert cacti:
- large drops in day and night temperatures, when it is very hot during the day, and quite cool at night (drops of up to 500 C),
- the humidity level is quite low (up to 250 mm of precipitation per year can be expected),
- humus-rich, but very rich in minerals sandy and gravel soils, loose and acidic.
Desert cacti are particularly unpretentious and adaptable to environmental conditions, they are endowed with powerful stems and long, strong spines. These cacti are divided into three types:
- Echinopsis - they have thick round stems, in which even rows are hard spines.
- Prickly pears - with flattened, pancake-like leaf-shaped stems.
- Astrofituma - with ribbed stems and developed, powerful spines.
Cacti from the Pereskiev family are the only ones with ordinary flat leaves, hard spines located on round tree-like stems.
Despite the fact that most of humanity is accustomed to counting cacti as plants of arid deserts, there are many types of plants of this family living in evergreen tropics, where the average annual rainfall is 200-300 mm per year, temperature averages + 180º C.
It is interesting! In forest tropical cacti there are no spines, the shape of the stems is mainly flattened.
Brief description of cacti
They belong to the succulents - plants whose vegetative organs are adapted to the collection and storage of water in their tissues. They, really, are as well as possible created for existence in extreme conditions:
- their fleshy stems are covered with thick skin that prevents the evaporation of moisture,
- wax coating on the stems also protects against the evaporation of precious moisture,
- on the stems instead of leaves spines grow,
- on the grooves of ribbed stems, morning dew rolls down to powerful thickened roots,
- accumulating in large quantities for the long months
- cacti can shade themselves from the scorching sun, growing into multi-tiered bizarre forms or covering themselves with thin blond hair,
- the spherical shape of many species also prevents evaporation.
Since the cactus has no leaves, the function of photosynthesis is assumed by the stems, the most diverse in form: cylindrical, spherical, flattened, creeping, hanging and others. Spines also have a different appearance - from barely noticeable, very thin to large, straight or curved. There are very unusual feather-like spines.
Flowers in cacti are found from surprisingly small to huge sizes, all sorts of shades (not only blue and black colors), very delicate and beautiful, single or in groups, of pleasant aroma.
Desert Cacti Photos and Names
Succulents adapt to the local conditions in which they have to grow. For example, the ridges on ribbed stems with water deficit can be seen very clearly, but during the rainy period they become almost imperceptible, as they swell from moisture, so the plant surface is protected from cracking.
In some cacti, the root system is able to shrink, in others, taproot roots go deep underground, the roots of some specimens resemble radish in shape, they can accumulate a lot of water, and their small roots are located below the ground to absorb moisture from dew and mists. The area of small roots can take up to 5 m2 around your plant.
All these devices help a great many species of cacti to grow, blossom and survive in difficult conditions for many thousands of years.
Astrophytum – шаровидной формы, с довольно редкими ребрами, усыпанными волосками, этот вид имеет красивые разновидности, похожие на звезду и твердые, длинные колючки.
Ариокарпусы – с низкими, приплюснутыми стеблями, пазухи удлиненных бугорков наполнены пухом, потрясающе красиво цветут.
Гимнокалициумы - Some varieties of this species are quite unusual: due to the lack of chlorophyll in the stems, they are pink, yellow, red in color. Between the ribs there are transverse tubercles.
Kleistokaktus - have cylindrical upright tall stems, densely covered with white or light yellow spines, flowers bloom at the very tops.
Mammilys - one of the most common species, spherical stems covered with tubercles, which grow spines.
Lofofora - a cactus of unusual appearance, similar to a pumpkin, has a smooth surface without prickles.
It is interesting! Lophophora juice has hallucinogenic properties, it is forbidden to collect it.
Cephalotreus - unusual, atypical for cacti appearance: spines are white, thin and very long, falling, resembling tough gray hair. But the appearance is deceptive, such thorns can seriously hurt.