The best time for autumn planting of roses is mid-September and early October. At this time, the rose bushes have the best survival rate, they have time to take root until frost and in the spring perfectly start to grow.
IMPORTANT! Autumn planting of rose bushes is preferable for regions with mild winters.
So, the best landing time - before the onset of constant frost. This ensures good survival of the roots of plants. Under favorable conditions, 10–12 days after planting, small young white roots form on the roots of roses, which before time they start to become cold become hardened and turn brown, that is, take on the appearance of active growth root hairs.
Place for planting roses on the site
When choosing where to plant roses on the site, look at the sunny, well-lit place, protected from the winds. It is better if the groundwater is not too high. Rose does not like soaking the roots. Do not plant roses under the eaves of the house. There, the water flowing from the roof will stagnate.
A great place for a rose garden - the southern warm slope of the site.
And of course we will remind summer residents that it is better to plant roses where they are clearly visible to the owners of the estate.
It is not necessary to plant spike bushes of large roses in the park on the playground and close to the garden paths.
It is worth considering that the roses prefer fertile enough friable soil. If you have poor fertility in the area under the rose garden, you should add fertilizers and organic matter a month before planting the bushes.
Preparing a landing hole for a rose bush
Step by step planting rose saplings:
- Dig a hole 40 cm in diameter and 50-70 deep.
- Arrange drainage at the bottom of the pit. Drainage can be broken brick, pebbles, expanded clay.
- At the bottom of the pit pour a hill of fertile soil. For backfilling pits use topsoil. To it are added: organic matter (better than rotted cow dung) is 8 kg per planting pit, superphosphate, 25 g each, potash fertilizers, 10 g each. All the soil is well mixed.
- Prepare seedlings of roses and process them if required before planting
Preparation of rose seedlings for planting
Good seedlings of roses should have at least 3 well-developed shoots and a large branched root system.
Carefully inspect the shoots and roots of the seedling. All broken, damaged, stained diseases cut with a sharp sheath. Cut the remaining shoots to a height of 30 cm.
Remove buds below the vaccination site, you do not need to grow stock.
Ragged roots, too, cut to a healthy place. Saplings with an open root system, before planting, soak in water or solution of the scavenger for a day.
Before planting, the seedling must be treated for diseases with a solution of a fungicide.
Planting a rose
- Dip a rose seedling in a hole on a hill of fertile soil, spread the roots.
It is important when planting roses in groups or an ordinary method of placement to remember that rose bushes grow strongly. Leave the distance between the seedlings:
- park roses 0.7-1m,
- floribudna, tea0-hybrid 0.4-0.6m,
Spring land or peat otbrebite from the bushes and zamulchirute roses. This will significantly reduce moisture loss.
If late in planting roses
It happens that the necessary seedlings of roses are brought late and the planting time has passed. What to do in this case?
Do not seek to plant bushes faster. It is better to prikopat them in a slightly inclined state in a greenhouse or in a trench until spring.
With the onset of frosts, a place with drowned rose saplings should be covered with spruce leaves, peat, and in winter podokuchte snow.
You can also store rose seedlings in the basement with a temperature of 0-1 degrees.
In spring, these seedlings need to get out of the basement or shelter and plant in open ground at a permanent place.
Video planting roses in the fall
When to plant roses: fall or spring?
There is an unspoken rule among flower growers: beginners plant roses in the spring, professionals - in the fall. The first ones are guided by the fact that in spring it is easier for the plant to provide sufficient watering and care than in winter.
Gardeners "with experience" are in turn convinced that autumn humidity, stable soil temperature and cool nights are the best conditions for plant survival. Specimens planted before frosts root well and begin to grow actively in spring.
Another plus of planting in the fall is that in the nurseries at this time are presented a lot of grafted seedlings of any varieties. After winter storage, imported and domestic samples are greatly weakened, which makes it more difficult to find suitable specimens in the spring.
Selection of planting material
The first thing to do is pick up planting material. These can be plants with an open or closed root system, from local nurseries or foreign ones.
Roses with closed roots are planted both in spring and autumn, as they are sold during the period of active growing season and with good care they take root easily.
Domestic copies better to buy in the fall, and from proven razvodchiki. Imported seedlings need to be carefully examined: if the buds have already gone into growth, planting is better to move in the spring. In general, planting material brought from abroad is less frost-resistant, therefore it is planted in spring for acclimatization.
When choosing seedlings need to pay attention to the time of flowering varieties. Roses blooming in the spring, better tolerate planting in early autumn. If the specimens are selected for a harsh climate, you need to pay attention to the index of frost resistance, which determines in which zone the flowers can winter without shelter.
In fact, this information is not always confirmed, but experienced gardeners are confident that with proper autumn planting and good shelter, even low-resistant varieties take root well.
Thus, for beginners who are not confident in choosing a variety, it is necessary to pay attention to the preparation of seedlings for the winter.
Planting roses in autumn: growing conditions
When choosing a place for a flower garden you need to consider the following:
• in dark places roses grow poorly,
• in the sun, the color of the petals fades, flowering ends quickly,
• roses do not tolerate high humidity and strong winds, and the spider mite quickly strikes from dry air;
• It is better not to plant roses near trees with spreading crowns - after rainfall there is damp for a long time.
Place for landing is better to choose with a deviation to the south-east or west. It is necessary to plant roses where in the afternoon a light shade will fall on them and moisture will not linger in the soil. Groundwater should be no higher than a meter from the surface.
Best of all, roses take root at soil temperatures of 12 to 17 degrees. This process lasts for three to four weeks, after which, with the onset of frosts, roses turn into peace.
Rooting time can be reduced by keeping the root system in a growth stimulator solution for a day before planting.
Planting roses in autumn: soil preparation
The soil should be neutral, fertile and drained. Peat is added to alkaline soil, and lime is added to sour soil. Improved loamy earth with sand and manure. Dry sandy ground is enriched with stone flour and mineral fertilizers.
The fast drying and freezing earth is weighed down with clay (10 kg per bush). It is placed on the bottom of the pit (layer up to 7 cm).
In any case, in the autumn planting should be applied phosphorus-potassium fertilizer (potassium sulphate, bone meal, superphosphate, etc.). This will speed up the preparation of the plant for the cold.
The soil from the pit should be properly mixed with additives, pour humus to the bottom of the pit and dig it up to the depth of the spade bayonet. Next, the pit is half asleep with the prepared mixture and watered so that it can settle before planting.
Planting roses autumn: planting
The pit should be of such size that the roots freely enter it, do not break and do not bend. The size of the pit depends on the selected variety: 40x40x40 cm for undersized roses, 50x50x50 cm for park and bush roses, the depth of the pit for climbing plants is about 70 cm. On a plot with clay earth, the dimension increases by 12-15 cm. The distance between the pits is on average 80 cm, between the rows - 1-2 m.
The pit can be prepared in advance so that the soil has time to compact, or dig up immediately. In the latter case, it needs a little digging and bring to the desired level.
Landing is placed in groups, taking into account the winter warming. Next to climbing varieties need to leave room for laying for the winter. Bushy and hybrid tea roses are arranged so that they can organize a common shelter for them.
The location should take into account the size of adult bushes: at least 1 m between park and climbing varieties, 55 cm between hybrid tea and Floribunda, up to 45 cm between short and small specimens.
In an area with a harsh climate, flowers are planted sparsely. Thanks to this, the soil warms up better. If the roses are grown for cutting, the bushes are better placed closer to each other (about 25 cm), the distance between rows at the same time is up to 50 cm. So the plants are more drawn out and develop long peduncles.
The scheme of planting roses in the fall:
• loosen the bottom of the pit with pitchforks, sprinkle a mixture of earth and compost, sprinkle it on top with ordinary soil,
• trim the roots with a little shears until fresh cuts are formed,
• when planting in the fall should cut off the ends of the shoots,
• place the seedling in the center of the fossa, spread the roots, pour a little earth on top so that the root neck is 5 cm deep from the ground,
• water the seedling copiously,
• spud bush to loose soil, make a roller about 15 cm in height (when the rose starts to grow, it can be leveled)
• In autumn, the ground around the bush should be compressed with compost or mowed grass.
The subsequent care of the roses, which were planted in the fall, is to control the air temperature, since there is no need for abundant watering. At a temperature of 5-7 degrees, it is recommended to cover bushes with spruce branches and install semi-circular wire frames under them. The construction is covered with roofing felt and polyethylene.
The optimal height of the structure is 40-50 cm. Its dimensions vary depending on how many seedlings will be under it. It is important to remember that the more air is covered, the easier the winter will pass.
At a temperature of 10 degrees, the edges of the film should be pressed a little to the ground. In the spring, the shelter is not immediately removed: first, they provide easy ventilation to prevent sunburn.
At observance of all listed recommendations even the beginner will be able to grow up fine roses - no difficulties in landing and leaving will arise.
Selection of seedlings
Saplings are recommended to buy in stores that specialize in a similar product or directly in the nursery. When ordering material on the Internet, one cannot be sure of the state of the root system, and this is very important for planting roses in the fall. If the planting will be carried out in the near future, you can buy roses with an open root system, their price is lower, and the condition of the roots is clearly visible.
The selection of seedlings should be carried out based on following rules:
- The plants must be developed three main shoots, which have an even color and surface.
- The root system must be properly developed, with no signs of rotting or drying out.
- On seedlings with a closed root system, the earthen room should not fit snugly against the walls of the container.
- Healthy specimens should have young shoots with small leaves.
Being in search of information, when and how to plant roses in the fall, you need to know the optimal time for such work. Most often, perennial flowers of this species are planted from the second half of September until mid-October, however, the unpredictability of weather conditions leads to the fact that they carry out this process, focusing on the type of planting material, variety, land features and other equally important factors.
On average, roses need up to four weeks to fully enter into a state of rest with the onset of frost. As experienced gardeners assure, the ideal soil temperature at which roses quickly and successfully root is the range from 12 ° C to 16 ° C.
Planting roses in the fall at the right time will allow them to take root even before the onset of cold weather, and then safely winter later, and next year be fully prepared for flowering. Autumn planting has the following positive points:
- 75-85% air humidity is ideal for rooting seedlings.
- A large amount of sediment moistens the ground well.
- The temperature of the soil is stable due to the fact that it is heated.
For good growth, you need fertile, loose, with the maximum amount of organic fertilizer and moist soil. If your soil does not meet the requirements, it must be prepared.
It is important to do this for a while before boarding. It is necessary to mix the soil with organic fertilizers in equal quantities. Then we add wood ash, bone meal to the composition. Roses are planted in pits or trenches 65 cm deep and 40 cm in diameter. If your area is sandy, you need to put a layer of clay 5 cm high at the bottom. Such manipulations will help avoid drying out the earth. Clay soil for disposal of overwetting is compacted with gravel sand. Just before landing, the prepared mixture is poured into the excavated grooves.
We plant bushes (technology)
The process of planting roses is not too hard, if you know what sequences must pass the work:
- The bottom of the pit is loosened with forks, a mixture of soil and fertilizer is poured on top, and then ordinary soil.
- The roots of the seedlings pruned shears.
- The ends of the shoots are also recommended to cut.
- The seedling is placed in the middle of the pit, the roots carefully spread. Pour the ground on top so that the root neck is 5 cm deep.
- The ground is being tamped down.
- Spend abundant watering. It is recommended to spend at least 20 liters of water for each bush.
- Bush spud so that the roller of the earth was not less than 10 cm in height.
- You can put grass or compost on top.
Planting roses in the fall should be the same pattern as in other times of the year. The distance between the bushes should be 70 cm, and between the rows of 1.5 m. The dimensions of the grooves depend on the type of variety:
Rules for planting roses in the fall
Planting roses cuttings in the fall to the same technology as the full bushes.
Important!If you bought rose seedlings with an open root system or cuttings, but it is impossible to plant them in open ground, you should not do everything in a hurry. It is better to place them on a warmed loggia in a shipping container or prikopat in a cellar and plant in the open ground in the spring.