Derain variegated ideal perennial plant for planting in dusty or gas areas. This bush is not only unpretentious in terms of soil, air and light, but also has a high level of decorativeness, as well as is not afraid of cutting, and absolutely tolerates severe frosts.
This whole bunch of useful properties alone, made this plant one of the most sought after and loved in landscape design.
There are several species of this plant; it can grow in the form of a shrub or in the form of a tree.
The flowering period of the shrub begins in June, during this period, in addition to the decorative foliage, small white flowers collected in clusters begin to bloom. With all this, the shrub is not much stands out from other plants.
In mid-September, Deren begins to manifest itself in all its glory. The leaves will begin to acquire an unprecedented variety of colors and shades, from yellow to dark purple. On the plant during the summer berries will grow, which in the fall will also be transformed and change their coloring.
In winter, a variegated turf will also be pleasing to the eye, standing out from the general picture of grayness against other plants, branches of a bush are painted in orange and in red shades. It looks amazing against a white background.
Some types of shrubs begin to bloom in early spring, standing out against the general background of a garden that has not yet woken up.
Thus, this amazing plant can decorate your site all year round.
In landscape design they use a huge number of various subspecies of turf, including evergreen plants, but white turf is most often used in decorating gardens, park alleys or just the summer cottage.
Compatibility with other plants
Derain is quite a communicative species, allowing it to plant other plant species in its immediate vicinity.
The bush looks decent when solo planting and in combination with other plants or dense planting.
The variegated and colorful types of turf are successfully combined with both deciduous and coniferous plants. The shrub can serve as a background composition for both perennials and annuals.
An example of such compatibility can be blooming multi-colored chrysanthemums on the background of a growing hedge of turf.
The use of Derain in the landscape design of the infield
Derain variegated is actively used not only in the design of park areas by professional landscape designers, but also found its use in our summer cottages, because it tolerates extreme weather conditions (heat, drought, cold, short-term flooding), is practically not affected by illnesses and has a high degree of decoration.
The turf looks very good in combination with low-growing perennial plants, as well as with large herbs. The variegated shrubs planted along the contour of the buildings will serve as a wonderful addition and decoration, giving the whole area fresh colors.
You can also plant turf as a hedge, although in this case it will have to be cut each year in width and height. The fence in this case will be able to perform not only a decorative function, but also visually divide the area into zones.
The variegated types of deren look great solo. The background for them can be mowed lawn, gravel dumping or low-growing carpet plants, such as ivy, periwinkle, zhivuchka, etc.
Types and varieties of Derain
There are a lot of varieties of this plant, at the moment there are about 50 species of this shrub, including evergreen and deciduous and devoidal ones.
The variegated turf grows to a height of not more than 3 meters, the structure of the shrub has a sprawling shape, the leaves are painted green with a white, sometimes a bad edging. That in combination with the motley coloring of the branches looks very beautiful.
In landscape design, in addition to the variegated deer, other varieties of this wonderful plant will be used:
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Derain red, or svidina blood-red, grows well in shady forests and scrub. Plant this plant on a site where light-loving flowers feel bad - and your shady corner will play with bright colors all year round.
This unusual shrub is famous for its very strong wood of bright color. Strong shoots withstand gusty winds and do not break under the weight of snow. Derain attracts attention all year round, but it is in the winter that it changes the garden beyond recognition.
Blood red branches - decoration of the winter garden
Young shoots derena - green, with pressed hairs. Gradually they darken, become bare and by the autumn become blood-red, for which this plant got its name. Bright vertically arranged shoots are like flames. With the arrival of spring, their coloring becomes even more saturated.
Derain, or svidina, is known for strong wood. It is found in the form of a tree or shrub with a height of 2 to 8 m. Deran varieties have been developed with bark of various warm shades and variegated foliage, picturesque in summer and autumn. By the fall of the nondescript flowers, characteristic of most varieties, small berries are formed: inedible drupes of blue or white color. The roots of many species are branched, powerful, shallow from the surface.
Use of turf in landscape design
Hardy to the conditions of growth, sods are planted for urban gardening. In garden compositions the bush is plastic, it combines and gets on with various cultures, which is clearly seen in the photo of landscape in landscape design:
- species with variegated foliage of white or yellow shades illuminate the shady area or gloomy wall of conifers,
- although many varieties are universal, most often shrubs that are amenable to shearing are used to create hedges of turf from 0.5 to 2 m in height,
- planted on the edges of the garden array and as undergrowth,
- by selecting different color for the bark of plants, designers create colorful ensembles that reveal their magnificence in the cold season and enliven the frozen garden,
- Debris is struck by the elegant color of leaves in crimson-purple tones in autumn, the bush is chosen as a soloist against the background of deciduous trees,
- Often, variegated plants formed by a ball are a bright soliter on lawns,
- 2-3 planting trees in the foreground are planted to visually deepen the space of the garden.
This species has edible fruits. Derain male - dogwood, which grows in the form of a tree up to 8 m in height or a spreading bush 3-4 m. The species reproduces:
- seeds of sweet and sour fruit with a refreshing taste,
- layering from drooping branches,
It grows as a wild plant-survivor in the temperate warm climate of Asia, in the Caucasus, in the Crimea. Dark brown bark exfoliates, light green leaves are large, 9-10 cm long. Yellowish floral brushes with small corollas bloom before the leaves. For the ovaries need a pollinator - another 1 bush nearby. Oval bright red or yellow berries spiced by September. Different types of dogwood have been developed for the middle band, including those with decorative foliage.
The high-yielding variety of male deren is famous for the largest fruits, weighing 7.5 g. The berries are bright red, elongated, bottle-shaped, uniform. Ripen from August 16-17 to September.
Mid-tree cornel tree with annual fruiting. Dark red berries weighing 5-7 g have an oval-cylindrical shape. Ripen early, from 5 to 16 August.
The variety is medium early, spiced on August 17-23. Drugs bright coral, mixed shades of orange and pink flowers. The shape of berries is barrel-shaped, weight 5.8-6 g.
Sredneranny grade deren male with yellow bottle-shaped berries. The fruits of a pleasant sweet-sour taste ripen from August 17-18.
This species is wild plants of the east of North America. In culture, it grows to 5 m, the width of the crown is 4 m. Female deren blooms for almost a month, but late: from July 14 to August 10. Inedible blue drupes ripen by October. In our country is not found on the sites. There are only a few copies in the State Botanical Garden.
This decorative species called svidina white, or Tatar is the most common. A photo of white shrub shows its characteristic feature: erect stems with red bark 2-3 m high. Large leaf blades on top dark green, bottom bluish-white. Before fading, their color changes to red-purple. The flowers are small, creamy-white, bloom until autumn, when there are already formed inedible white berries.
It is distinguished by bluish-green leaves with a narrow white stripe along the edges. The variety retains its color even under shadow conditions. In the fall leaf blades are orange-maroon. Reddish stems rise to 3 m, grow easily after the recommended strong pruning.
In winter, the stems of this variety on the background of snow create the impression of coral salute due to the bright bark. Low shoots thick, leaves are green and white.
The variety pleases during the warm season with bright green and yellow thick foliage. Bush compact, 1.5-2 m high, with a spherical natural crown. It amazes with the contrast of lemon leaves and red branches.
Svidina blood-red grows up to 4 m. Young drooping shoots are green, then acquire a reddish-brown or yellow tint. Densely pubescent leaves below are light green. White buds create a large, 7 cm, inflorescences, bloom in May and June. The shrub is beautiful in autumn, when ripe berries turn black against the background of burgundy leaves.
The variety is below the maternal form, 2.5 m, the shoots are the same green-brown. In areas where it is constantly under the sun, the bark becomes brighter. The pubescent leaf blades are bordered with white stripes. By September, acquire a purple hue.
Shoots 1.5-3 m tall, leaves are light green. According to the name, the peak of ornamental variety reaches in winter. On the snowy carpet stand out bright red with orange, low shoots of a dense bush.
Variety deden blood red got its name because of the small shriveled leaves. The plates are dark green, curved. Shoots low, erect. Blooming is absent.
The natural habitat of the species is North America. The shrub is similar to white turf, but gives a lot of root shoots. Its long, flexible branches, which are in contact with the ground, take root easily. Oval leaves up to 10 cm long, small flowers of yellowish coloring. Drupe white. The shrub is used in landscaping to strengthen the slopes, the device of dense hedges, given its ability to give numerous offspring.
The variety rises to 2 m. The growing shoots with bright green-yellow bark. Branches flexible bush with a spreading crown.
Dwarf form of turf. It grows only 0.4-0.7 m. The crown of the bush is wide, formed by branches with a pale yellow bark, blushing to the tops.
The bush is high, up to 2-3 m. The bark of flexible, long branches is yellow. On large leaves, a noticeable white border is distinguished. Yellowish-white petals bloom from buds.
This is a species of tundra plant, shrub, common in the north of both hemispheres. Grassy shoots 10-30 cm grow from branched creeping rhizomes. The leaves are small, 1.5-4 cm. Small, up to 2 mm flowers are dark purple, collected in 10-20 pieces in the inflorescence, which are surrounded by 4-6 petaloid white leaves 10-15 mm long. Spectacular flowering takes place in June, July, berries are ripened from late July to September. Red berries up to 10 mm mealy, tasteless, not poisonous. Beautiful dwarf bushes in the fall, when the leaves are painted in bright warm colors.
Derain is variegated
In nature, such predator does not exist. Variety varieties are bred by breeders on the basis of white, red and offshoot deren. The diversity of leaves reported uneven strips along the edges, as well as spots or strokes that some varieties spread on the plate. Shrub strong-growing, quickly restored after pruning. Brings cold temperatures down to -30 ° C.
The variety is high - up to 3 m, with a sprawling crown, slightly drooping branches. The shade of the leaves is gray-green with a creamy white border. Autumn shades are rich: from lemon to the color of ceramics.
The undersized variety is new, growing up to 1.5 m. The natural spherical crown is silver in summer from leaves bordered with a wide stripe of ivory color. In the autumn is covered with purple.
The species is better known as the Deren Coase. Natural habitat - Southeast Asia, where it occurs in the form of high, up to 7 m, wood. Crohn tier, turning into a horizontal. The bark of the trunk and branches are brown, the young shoots are green. Bluish leaves from below are large, up to 10 cm in length and 5 cm in width. In the fall, turn yellow or turn purple.
In June, it dismisses small flowers surrounded by 4 petal-like large yellow-green bracts. In August-September, edible seeds grow up to 2 cm in size, pink in color: juicy, sweet-tart.
A flowering tree with 4 white rounded bracts. Maintains frosts to - 20-23 ° C.
Grows up to 6 m, sprawling, branchy tree. At the time of flowering attractive pale pink bracts with a diameter of 8 cm. Non-frost-resistant.
Features care for shrub Deren
Almost all types and varieties of Derena are undemanding to growth conditions:
- Fertile, sufficiently saturated with moisture loam with neutral acidity approaches cilia.
- Derain feminine is well developed on the fertile, moist earth. Does not like sites with stagnant water. Cuttings all take root.
- White Derain grows on wet sandy, near reservoirs, in floodplains, is not afraid of rising groundwater, for which he is valued by gardeners with similar characteristics of land. Can grow not only in partial shade, but completely under the trees, the roots are not spreading. Delivers cold winters, after frost bones recovers well.
- Derain red grows well on lime areas, is not afraid of the shadow, can be cut.
- Derain Swedish breeding stratified for 3-4 months with seeds or dividing the bush in the spring. The plant is frost-resistant, prefers penumbra, although it develops in the shade and in the sun. They are planted on loam, sandy, peatlands with a slightly acid reaction. Wet drained areas are suitable for planting, including swampy ones. In the middle lane, collectors grow Deden Swedish together with heather, because cultures have the same requirements for composition, lighting and soil structure. The plant provides penumbra, especially in the middle of the day, humidity.
- Derain Coase well develops on light soils, slightly acidic or neutral. Propagated by stratified seeds that are sown in spring, green cuttings or grafting. Brings cold temperatures down to - 17-23 ° C.
Water the plants at the time of drought, in the spring they feed them with nitrogen fertilizers, in the summer they are supported with compost or peat. Pruning is carried out in the spring. All species are a little susceptible to diseases and pests, if you adhere to agricultural practices. An infusion of soap, soda or mustard is used against the aphids. If necessary, use pesticides.
Derain (Cornus), or svidina, is a genus of decorative-deciduous shrubs of the cornel family, it combines several dozen species (both deciduous and evergreen), most of which grow in temperate latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere.
This genus of shrubs is distinguished by absolute undemanding to the conditions, excellent frost resistance. And in addition they are very decorative, and all year round. In spring and summer, Deren pleases us with its beautiful foliage (especially variegated varieties) and pretty flowers. In autumn, the foliage becomes very bright and amazing fruits of white, black, blue or reddish colors ripen. In winter, he also will not be lost in the garden, because the bark of his shoots can have rich green, yellow, red and coral colors.
Derain is a shrub that has strong and solid wood, thanks to which it got its name (translated from Latin means “horn”).
In ornamental gardening, several species of this plant are used.
It will be useful to read:
Derain kousa, or Japanese dogwood
This species, unlike those such as white and red blood, is a tall, flowering shrub, or even a tree, and can reach a height of 9 m. The homeland of the derm is coase, or benthamy (Cornus kousa), is Japan ( found in the wild in China and Korea).
The crown is wide-spreading, the old branches descend horizontally and form longlines. The leaves are oval, pointed at the top. The foliage in summer is dark green (bottom with a bluish tinge), and with the onset of autumn their palette spreads from golden yellow to dark crimson. Flowering begins in June. The flower is a simple yellow-green head, assembled from small flowers, around which are the bract leaves-wrappers (bracts). It is bracts (up to 9 cm) that make flowers beautiful, as they have an interesting shape and color. In late August, the fruits of the drupes ripen. У них розовая окраска и слегка округлая форма, похожи на землянику (около 2 см). Плоды съедобны.
- Satomi имеет прицветники розово-красного цвета,
- Gold Star отличается желтым узором посередине листа,
- Milky Way has high yields and cream bracts,
- Schmetterling floriferous variety with white bracts.
This species is considered "aristocrat" and the most beautiful among its fellows. But, unfortunately, less resistant to our winters.
This species came to us from North America and is a deciduous tree with a spreading crown. Blooming Derain (Cornus florida) - famous for abundant flowering, which occurs before the appearance of the leaves. Flowers inconspicuous, small, collected in a small head. Their beauty lies in the large bracts, bracts, which come in different shades. It is these modified leaves in the spring that turn the flowers into big stars and attract the views of others.
In the summer, the leaves of this species are simply green, but in the autumn, like its brothers, it does not give up and colors the leaves in bright yellow, orange and red tones.
This species also has ornamental varieties that differ mainly in the color of bracts.
- Rubra - The most popular of these, the bracts can be colored from light pink to deep red.
- Cherokee princess - has snow-white bracts.
- Cherokee chif - enchants with dark pink bracts.
Although this species can withstand frosts of more than 20 degrees, it is not as winter-resistant as white turf and can freeze slightly.
So, you decided to plant deren in your plot. Make it better in early spring. Although the types we have considered are very unpretentious, you should pay attention to some features.
Take a seat. Do not forget that these are rather tall shrubs, therefore consider the distance between the plants themselves, as well as to the walls of buildings and other garden objects. They are not particularly demanding for illumination, but in direct summer sunlight can get burned. Therefore, an ideal place would be for them a penumbra. Sunny places are suitable for variegated varieties.
The soil is preferably neutral, or slightly acid, and necessarily loose. Sand should be added to heavy clay soil.
We prepare a small pit (30-50 cm), since the roots of the Deren are superficial. Equip drainage. These plants love a slightly wet ground and can tolerate a little drought, but stagnant water is harmful to them. It is possible not to make fertilizer, it is enough to prepare a nutrient mixture by adding humus and compost. After planting, water well and be sure to mulch the root circle.
Diseases and pests
Diseases most often affect the turf in case of errors in the care, so a strong overwetting leads to rotting of the roots, as well as the development of fungal diseases. Here it can be recommended to reduce watering and use colloidal sulfur or Bordeaux mixture. A growing turf in good conditions is rarely attacked by pests. Most often, they move from neighboring affected plants. Here it is necessary to use insecticides.
Derain in landscape design
The classic use of Deden bushes is hedges. In this role, it is ideal: frost-resistant, unpretentious and loyal to pruning. Especially white.
The lack of focus on lighting makes it a great solution for shady areas of the garden.
Derain is plastic and cuts well, so it can easily be given a suitable shape, it is an indispensable quality when creating topiary. Also molded bushes are excellent tapeworms. They are very original in the form of balls, hemispheres, pyramids, arches, and also as standard forms.
They are well combined with other plants: conifers and perennials. Can be used as a background for flowering plants. And a variegated turf will perfectly decorate monochrome compositions.
Derain kouza and blooming are especially beautiful among conifers. Ground-covering perennials will look original around their trunk.
And the most unpretentious white turf with its superficial and strongly branched roots will perfectly fix the slopes.
Derain can be safely called the king of landscapes. It is beautiful in spring with its flowers, decorative in summer with its foliage, in autumn it causes admiration with bright colors of leaves and patches of contrasting fruits, and in winter we are fascinated by red and yellow vines on dazzling white snow.
What are the growing conditions
Svidina, or white turf is a low tree or a small loose shrub. He has hundreds of decorative varieties and forms, so landscape designers love to use this unpretentious plant when designing parks and gardens, especially in megalopolises and large cities.
Bright shoots svidiny different attractive glossy tint. They can play in different tones: olive, noble burgundy, scarlet, yellow-lemon, ocher colors. In winter, a variety of colors looks even more noticeable, especially at the time of leaf dumping.
Designers use color stains when zoning a landscape, when you need to draw attention to a particular section of a park or garden. Particularly popular are the turns of the tracks or the space near the entrance to the cottage.
Attention is attracted by the spectacular bark of Svidina and its foliage - a large, elongated, unusual heart-shaped form. Shades of green, with white or cream border. Elegant accents form the transitions of spots on the foliage - cream, white, pale pink or dull yellow. They have a different size, which creates an interesting color effect. Among the varieties of white turf are shrubs or trees with burgundy or royal purple foliage. Sometimes a miracle happens, and the green leaves in autumn turn into crimson, with yellow and red transitions.
What is the soil growing turf
The ease of cultivation and care made white turf one of the most attractive plants for decorating the landscape. It can be planted even on poor soils, where other bushes do not develop at all and die. But, if you want to achieve a beautiful spectacle, highly decorative varieties should be planted on nutrient soils, where the soil is well permeable, and the soil reaction is slightly alkaline or neutral.
Optimal landing sites - alleys, city parks. Stony soil does not interfere with the development of this unpretentious plant. It is quite flexible and plastic, so it can be placed on areas that need enduring and at the same time decorative varieties. However, do not grow turf in the lowlands, because the melt water and rainwater with heavy rainfall can damage the roots. Salty and too acidic soils are also contraindicated.
How to water white turf
This plant is not afraid of drought. Yet young seedlings need constant watering. Adult shrubs and trees will not die in conditions of prolonged drought, but will develop better if given enough water. Therefore, in parks where regular watering is provided, the turf will grow and look great.
Ornamental varieties need more careful care in order to preserve the natural beauty of their colored leaves. Without sufficient watering, they grind to become dimmer.
What kind of lighting is needed
The more brightly and motley colored foliage, the more light the variety needs for development. Solid green leaves need less bright light. Varietal decorative turf is better developed in open areas, and the usual - in partial shade. Due to this property white deren adorns the alleys of the streets, it is used in high-rise areas, where the lighting is not so active, but shadow or penumbra predominate.
Does Deren Friend With Other Plants?
Yes, it is used both in group and independent plantings. The colorful leaves of the turf look great among conifers and hardwoods. Designers use it as a backdrop for annuals and perennials. In winter, the bright bark of Svidina immediately stands out against a white-snowed landscape.
This plant does not interfere with the development of others. Foliage does not create an uncomfortable shade, so planting deren can be tight. To form it on a shtambe, even undersized varieties and other flowers grow superbly under it.
How to combine with conifers
From the turf form beautiful trimmed hedges. Chrysanthemums and other perennials stand out against their background. Such compositions look particularly advantageous in the fall. The leaves of the purple shade turf blend beautifully with the colorful petals of chrysanthemums.
How deren is used in country houses
On small household and suburban areas, the turf looks compact and very picturesque, since its growth can be limited to haircuts. High decorative effect enhances the visual effect. Shrubs and trees almost do not get sick, tolerate any weather.
White turf is planted in the composition with conifers, tall herbs, creeping undersized perennials. Variegated varieties look very nice at the roadside benches in the alpine hills above water. Popular use in hedges. The hairstyle gives the big density to bushes which garden shears perfectly transfer. Large leaves look rich and perform the role of natural scenes. With their help, you can divide the garden plot into zones.
Derain with motley and colorful foliage looks spectacular in the "solo" plantings. The background is often a bright green lawn, dumping with mulch, rubble, periwinkle, ivy, zhivuchka, alissum or other low-growing creeping varieties.
How Deren planted gardens and parks
Pollution, dust and a complex environmental background of city streets - a test of strength for green landings. Surrounded by buildings and saturated with asphalt fumes, the streets with their dry air and temperature changes are capable of destroying plants. The situation is aggravated by car exhausts, drafts and winds in winter, a burning cold. This creates great restrictions in the choice of plants for landscaping, and svidina here is an undoubted leader.
It bears fruit well and develops in difficult urban conditions. Most often, turf is used as hedges along the streets and between blocks, they are periodically cut. Pruning is easy to carry, so gardeners form arbitrary sizes of hedges - large and small, from a meter to two heights. Such natural landings often replace fences, dividing the space according to the designer's idea.
It is very convenient in the territories of kindergartens, playgrounds for children, schools. This approach is environmentally friendly, since children cannot svidina poison when chewing any part of it - the plant is safe. Damaged branches are already overgrown soon, it is not scary if the child damages the bush. Svidina grows well on plains and slopes. It will develop wonderfully over a river or a lake, on rocks or in a large park next to shady trees. Therefore, she has no equal in the creation of motley green compositions. If you use only varieties of white turf, you get a wonderful park or square.
How to shade bark brightness
Designers often use the method of shading bark in the winter. This is especially effective against the backdrop of trees and shrubs with dark needles. So experts attain a high decorative effect: the contrast of white snow cover, scarlet or bright yellow bark of derain and dark green needles. Against the background of monotonous natural pictures of winter, such color bursts immediately create the atmosphere of an elegant holiday.
Spectacular and soliter planting variegated rocks Deden. They are made mainly in urban parks. Groups with elegant leaves look self-sufficient, they do not need the color support of other plants. An open sunny plot in this case is the best place to land. Variegated deren looks advantageous with coniferous trees and shrubs of various shapes and shades. This list includes:
- dark cypress trees
- juniper grayish tint
- ate blue breeds
- thuja creeping
- Cossack juniper.
The variegated varieties of Derena are “friendly” with shrubs and plants with bright colors. Chrysanthemums, roses and lilies are even more elegant against the background of sod foliage. Seasonal change of paintings in the park will be particularly appropriate with the inclusion of turf. Below it, plants with small bulbs, such as snowdrops, muscari, crocuses, bloom well. Then the time will come for forget-me-nots, daisies and bright poppies. In the autumn, late crocuses and colchicums bloom against the background of sod.
You will be able to appreciate the beauty of Derena by looking at the photos of the article and then planting this plant on your site.