It’s not a real task to create an ordinary flower garden on your plot, but real lakes or a thick carpet of flowers, if the stylox phlox is taken for its implementation.
Phlox is a plant belonging to ground cover perennial shrubs of the Sinyukov family.
Basic information about the plant:
- Height: from 15 to 17 cm, there are miniature plants from 5 cm in height, as well as varieties up to 21 cm in height,
- Stalk: creeping (lying), green, hard. During the development of the plant, the stem can reach 0.5 m in length. The stem consists of many internodes, which, being on wet soil, often produce additional roots. The entire length of the stems leaves grow, which are at a short distance from each other.
- Leaves: evergreen, opposite, small (1-2 cm long) narrow, very hard, with a pointed tip. The leaf shape, resembling an awl, gave the name to the plant.
- Flowers: small (diameter - up to 2 cm), consist of 5 petals. At the base they are connected and the tube. Opened, the petals form a flat whisk. Petals have different colors (white, cream, pink, bright red, blue, etc.), two-colored phloxes are often found. During flowering emit a delicate aroma.
- Root system: fibrous, consists of many adventitious roots. Depth - up to 15 cm.
- Blooming time: end of May - beginning of June. Possible second flowering period - September.
- Names: Latin name phlox styloid - phlox subulata. The people are also called creeping, carpet, and more - moss carnation.
Professional breeders have been dealing with awl-shaped phlox for a long time. During this period, they have created many interesting varieties that have become popular among gardeners.
The original coloring of the petals is the main difference of the Candy Streips variety. Their main color is white, it is almost completely covered by a wide stripe that has a pink tint. Candy is low, does not rise above 10 cm, it blooms profusely, the diameter of flowers is up to 2 cm. Flowers appear amicably, Candy blooms for a long time.
Emerald Kyushon Blue
Emerald Cucheon Blue has several characteristic differences at once. First, it is the color of the petals: they have a delicate purple color with a bluish tinge. Secondly, the profusion of flowering. The flowers of Emerald Kyushon Blue are small (up to 15 to 20 mm in diameter), but at the same time they bloom so much that you can not see green leaves and stems behind the beautiful and dense purple carpet. Third, a bright, noticeable aroma.
On any site, the Emerald Pink phlox is always striking - its petals are colored pinkish with a reddish tinge, and the center is highlighted in magenta.
Scarlet Flame flowers are rather large, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, have a very bright, saturated, even somewhat darkish pink color, which corresponds to its name - “fiery”. This shrub has a height of 15 cm, blooms twice: at the beginning of summer (May - June) and at the beginning of autumn (August - September).
Possible breeding methods
For breeding phyllosis awl, you can use one of three methods.
Using seeds for breeding is not the most common way. This is due to the small amount of seeds that appear in the seed box after flowering. In one box, on average, there are 2-3 seeds. Usually seed propagation is used by the half-shrub itself, when new plants appear with the help of self-sowing seeds.
If the gardener managed to collect or purchase seeds, they should be planted in a container in the fall. A small flat container filled with a mixture of soil, humus, sand. Bolls lay shallow (1.5 cm) and leave the container in a cool place (cellar, balcony). To create natural conditions before the new year covered with snow. During the winter, sprouts germinate, in early spring (March) they can be planted in a greenhouse, and in April they can be planted in a permanent place in the ground.
Often, only on the plots of land used for breeding is used the division of the bushes. Thus it is possible to increase the planting of a particular variety, a certain color range. Bushes can be divided in April. The procedure is simple, for this you need to pick a well-grown bush.
- Selected for dividing the bush gently dug.
- The dug bush is divided into parts so that each has roots.
- Separated from the shrub parts are planted in a designated place.
In the spring (beginning of April) and in the summer (after flowering), another method of propagation of styloid phlox can be used - grafting. The semi-shrub has a high survival rate, so it does not require complex actions or special training during grafting.
Any escape can be a cutting. It is desirable that he had several roots from the internode, but their absence does not hurt: the stalk will take root itself.
The cuttings can be those parts of the shoots that were broken off when dividing the bush.
- Rooting of pinned shoots
From the growing stems of phlox, several new plants can be obtained. This is facilitated by the rapid emergence of roots on those parts of the stem, which was lying directly on the wet ground. This feature is used for breeding. The selected stem is laid on the ground and sprinkled with soil in the place that will become the center of the new bush. After rooting, a new shrub is cut off from the old plant.
Video "Spring phlox - phlox awl"
Planting phlox awl
Phloxes are one of the most convenient plants for growers. They are unpretentious, well accustomed, do not require special care. But certain rules of planting and caring for the plant must be followed to achieve its lush flowering.
Choosing a place
For all its undemandingness, the stylox phlox has its preferences for the landing site. The plant feels best in sunny places with drained soil. If the plant is planted in areas with heavy soil, it is necessary to dilute it with sand.
In the penumbra, you can also achieve good flowering, but you need to make sure that the soil is not too wet: phlox suffers in wetlands, in areas with high humidity.
Poor or stony soil will not cause problems for the plant, phlox will easily master it and cover it with a beautiful carpet. On neutral soils, the plant develops better.
Before landing for the shrub prepare landing pit. The order of its filling: drainage (expanded clay, pebbles), a mixture of soil with humus and a small amount of ash. Seedlings, cuttings or parts of a bush are dipped into the “Kornevina” solution, and then planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other, so that each bush has a place for stems that will soon appear.
When planting in early spring, when the soil is still wet, additional watering of the planted plants is not required. If the cuttings are planted later, when the ground has already become dry, it is moistened around the planted cutting. In this case, you need to be careful not to fill the cutting with excess. Planted cuttings cover non-woven fabric and leave it for several days (up to 1 week) to rooted cuttings.
Cultivation and care of styloid phlox includes traditional procedures.
Moderation during watering is one of the conditions for the successful development of the plant. A beautiful shrub is hardy and can tolerate short dry periods. Excessive humidity becomes more problematic for the plant, it can lead to rotting of the roots and diseases of the plant.
Therefore, water the flowers moderately, after the topsoil dries out. In a dry summer, watering is done 1 time in 2-3 days, for the rest of the time it is enough to water the stylox phlox once a week.
Growing and caring for a decorative shrub is not without systematic weed. Weeds clean the soil before planting, trying to remove the roots that exist in it from the soil mixture. In the future, the plant weed regularly.
During the season you need to spend a few fertilizing phlox. This will prolong flowering, make the plant strong and resilient.
Most gardeners feed the plant with liquid manure, a small amount (25 g) is diluted in 10 liters of water. You can also use mineral fertilizers.
Phlox is the Latin name of which “Phlox”, belongs to the Sinyukhov family, among more than 80 varieties of this plant there is also styloid. It got its name because of the shape of the leaves, they are narrow, pointed and hard at the tips, similar to a small awl each. This species is also called carpet or creeping; in America, the flower is also known as “moss carnation”.
Styloid phlox is often used in landscape design, his photo is often found in the catalogs of famous designers. The stem of a flower can be miniature and reach a height of only 25 cm, and its taller varieties grow to 120 cm.
The colors of this plant are the most diverse, there are pure white flowers, bluish, lilac, pink, red and some shades of purple, and some groups of the plant in question are bicoloured.
Low-growing varieties tightly cover the ground and form a continuous carpet, which often sow empty places in large flowerbeds, or decorate the foot of the Alpine hills with them.
On the stems are short internodes, densely covered with narrow leaves, the length of which is barely more than 2 cm, to top it off, the stems end with peduncles, on which from one to two peduncles lie. There are 5-7 funnel-shaped flowers on each of them; they do not exceed 25 mm in diameter.
The styloid phlox is a perennial plant, the flowering period of which falls on the spring period, it begins in the middle of May and lasts until the end of June. The plant begins to re-bloom in August-September.
When phloxes fully reach their peak of flowering their foliage is almost not visible behind the whole cap of the inflorescences. And after flowering, the bush is also of interest to lovers of well-groomed flower beds, since its stalks remain green all autumn and even under snowdrifts.
For four years the bush does not require special care and pleases with its flowers at a certain time. And after five years, despite the fact that the plant is a perennial, it needs to be updated. This procedure is inevitable, since the flower immediately becomes sluggish and highly susceptible to disease.
Lighting and location
For planting subulate phlox it is better to choose sunny places, although areas located in the penumbra will also suit him. To get the most vivid manifestations of decorative value from it, it is worth creating conditions for it that would be closest to natural ones.
Rocky slopes and sandy hills that are well lit from all sides will be a suitable environment for them. The plant by nature is light-requiring, it is not necessary to plant near it strongly tall flowers in dense rows.
Before choosing a landing site, you should know that a flower may react differently to its predecessors. There are both positively and negatively affecting plants, the roots or diseases of which, after digging, can remain in the ground and affect the state of phlox.
It is better when on the site of the future planting of flowers, previously calendula or perennial herbs were growing. But after the strawberries it is impossible to plant it, because there may be a chance that nematodes will remain in the ground - parasites that will quickly capture phlox stems.
The plant shows high resistance to low temperatures, it can be safely left without digging for the winter. If during the flowering period low temperatures are observed at night, the flowers will not lose their decorative effect and will delight their gardeners almost all summer.
In very cold or snowless winters, the plant is required to cover. But as soon as the temperature rises a little, you immediately need to free it from the insulation layer, otherwise it will rot and it will not be rehabilitated.
Air and humidity
The awl-shaped phlox withstands periods of drought, but if they are long, it can lose its decorative appeal, so that the flower should be regularly watered. But in this case it is not necessary to overdo it, since the plant does not tolerate moisture stagnation, its roots can rot in such conditions.
Waterlogging adversely affects the plant. Beginner gardeners do not take this into account and flood the newly planted plant, which causes irreparable damage to it. The plant may not give the expected solid carpet because of this, and in the worst case it will simply die.
Phlox can be successfully grown on any type of soil, but the best for it is considered sandy, in which substrates have not been stingy. The main thing is that they have high aeration properties and are dry, their pH should be neutral.
If the area chosen for them will be distinguished by high acidity, many of the microelements needed by the flower will be unavailable, and if it falls into an alkaline medium, it will not be able to get enough of the necessary trace elements. This can be corrected if the open ground under phlox is a lime.
The dosage of lime is calculated depending on the type of soil chosen, on average it can be from 200 to 400 g / m 2. Liming can be done with dolomite or lime flour, which will need to be mixed with the soil. It is imperative to introduce sand into heavy soils right before planting.
In the case of the fertile soil, phloxes form a lot of greenery, but they bloom a little.
The depth of planting phlox seedlings should be no deeper than 15 cm, as the roots of the plant develop under the topmost layer of the soil.
When planting it is necessary to take into account that the plant grows in small bushes in diameter from 20 to 30 cm, this distance needs to be laid between the seeds. The course of landing consists of several stages:
- It is better to dig up the area selected for flowers in the fall, and in the spring only to loosen it to a shallow depth from 5 to 15 cm.
- Select all the remaining roots and remains of plants from previous years, especially if it is weeds. If they remain, after the development of the plant they will be difficult to remove through the dense thickets of phlox.
- Young plants are planted at a distance of 25-30 cm from each other, large wells for watering do not necessarily.
- In order to accelerate the growth of the flower carpet, it is necessary to spread the stems over the entire surface of the soil around the rhizomes of the plant, pin down and sprinkle them. This will help organize the rapid growth of shoots and ensure their strong branching.
For this plant, be sure to arrange regular weeding, and do not forget about timely watering and feeding.
Immediately after planting the plant for two weeks you need to ensure that it is regularly watered at least once every three days. Next, you need to water when it becomes clear that the flowers begin to close a little. If you overdo and strongly moisten the plant, then its roots, located in close proximity to the top layer of soil, can rot.
Moreover, if you do not provide phloxes with the necessary watering, they grow low, flowering begins earlier, but the buds noticeably shrink, which affects the decorative effect of the plant.
On average, the rate of irrigation on hot days ranges from 15 to 20 liters of water per 1 m 2. In the autumn, watering stops, and the upper stems of the plant are cut.
With a moderate introduction of humus, intensive flowering of the plant begins, moreover, it begins to grow intensively, but in case of overfeeding, its flowers will be sluggish.
The scheme of top dressings of styloid phlox consists in the application of certain fertilizers at various stages of their development:
- Potting of phosphorus additives is required during the setting of buds,
- after the end of flowering, mineral fertilizers are added to support the plant in the soil around it,
- recharge after wintering plants will help feed with humate.
A universal remedy for phlox, which is used for feeding and in the fight against pests, is ash solution. Unlike other fertilizers, it is most useful because it contains all the macro-and microelements necessary for flowers. They can be used at any time, as soon as it becomes noticeable that something is wrong with the plant.
Preparation of the solution is as follows: 350 grams of ash is poured with 2 liters of ordinary water, and then the mixture is boiled on a fire, brought to a boil, and after 10 minutes removed from the stove. After cooling the solution, it is filtered and diluted in 10 liters of water. A mixture of wood ash is used for external and root feeding.
It is impossible to abuse feedings, as the plant will increase the formation of green shoots, but there will be less inflorescences.
There is also a fertilization scheme for months:
- at the end of May - with a solution prepared from 10 liters of water and 25 grams of liquid manure,
- in early June - the same solution combined with superphosphate,
- в начале июля – сам жидкий навоз без примесей,
- в конце июля применяется калийно-фосфорная подкормка.
Внесение удобрений лучше производить в вечернее время.
Пасынкование, прищипка, обрезка
Обрезку кустов необходимо производить минимум два раза в год, чтобы молодые побеги не росли хаотично. It is better to prune at the beginning of spring and at the end of summer, but not in the fall, since it is then that the buds are planting flower buds and can be cut off unknowingly. This next year will lead to a lack of flowers. It is better to cut phlox immediately after flowering.
If in the autumn to carry out mulching of soil with humus, then in the summertime you can do without fertilizing, the plant will continue to develop normally. When loosening the soil, you can make a mixed dressing from humus and wood ash. Loosen the soil preferably after weeding or watering the plant.
It is performed at the request of the gardener when he needs to decorate his plot with phlox, or when the bush has grown strongly and blocks access to light by other plants. In other cases, the rejuvenation of the bush is required, it must be held every five years.
It can be done in several ways:
- The division of the bush. The easiest and most common method to get on your site a few flowering islands of phlox. For this, a whole overgrown bush is dug up, which is neatly divided into how many parts, and each of them must have its own root system. This procedure is most successful in the spring.
- Cuttings. The planting material may be randomly or deliberately cut off branches or shoots, which should be added to the receiving shrubs in shady areas.
- Pinning shoots. Going straight from the bush shoots are leaning close to the ground and fixed with staples. In time, roots will appear on them, and a part of the rooted section can be cut off from the mother bush to be planted independently.
- Seeds. This perennial can be sown as well as other crops directly into the ground, it is planted in the prepared soil in the fall. In the spring to get the seedlings that you need to pinch, as soon as it appears on the 2 leaves.
Diseases and pests
Powdery mildew is the most problematic for styloid phlox, and it also cannot cope with the raids of the caterpillars on its own.
In the fight against pests and diseases, various purchased products are used, as well as folk recipes, the main thing is to recognize the disease in time and prevent its spread throughout the hive.
Tips for caring for a sick plant:
- powdery mildew manifests itself in the form of white bloom, which can be eliminated if you mix the laundry soap, crushed on a grater with water and spray a flower with this mixture,
- tracked defeat can be clearly seen by the twisted leaves and brown bloom on them, in the fight against such an invasion used purchased drug "Topaz",
- variegation manifests itself in the form of stripes on flowers, which is why the plant must be immediately destroyed so that this viral disease is not transmitted to other planted phloxes,
- rust, it can be seen when several flowers change their colors to dark, when faced with it, it is necessary to remove the affected leaves and flowers, and spray the rest of the plant with copper sulphate.
The awl-shaped phlox is a frost-resistant plant that does not need to be dug out for the winter. It does not need to be sheltered for wintering, but in the northern areas it should be warmed with fir tree branches, but dry leaves and rags will not work.
The styloid phlox has a special place in landscape design. In the spring, many garden shops offer this flower in pots, after buying it you can decorate your flower garden. The plant does not require special rooting and care, and by the end of the summer it will cover the entire area allotted for it with a solid carpet.
Location and planting phlox awl.
Despite the simplicity and plasticity, it is better to plant phlox styloid on dry sunny areas. Places with excessive moisture for landing are not suitable. Styloid phlox refers to evergreenstherefore, the landing site in winter should be well covered with snow.
Phlox grow well on poor, dry, loose soils. On fertile soil, plants give a lot of greens to the detriment of flowering. Soil acidity should be neutral. Acidic soil before planting is lime, adding 200-300 g of lime or dolomite flour to 1 m2, mixing it with the ground. On heavy or clay soils, when digging, river sand is introduced. Additional fertilizer is not necessary.
The main event at planting phlox subulate is the removal of weeds from the soil, especially dandelion roots, which sprout through the sod, spoil the appearance of the plantings, and it is almost impossible to remove them without damaging the sod. Also, when growing a beautiful carpet, thorough weeding should be systematically carried out. In order to get a luxurious turf in a year or two, the plants are planted at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other, guide the stems in the right direction, pin them down and lightly sprinkle them with moistened earth. Pinned shoots in places of branching take root very quickly and continue to occupy the area reserved for them.
Care for ground cover phlox.
Caring for the ground cover phlox is reduced to regular weeding, rare watering and feeding.
First feeding held at the end of April before flowering. At this time, nitrogen-potassium fertilizers are applied.
Second feeding styloid phlox - in the middle of summer. During this period, complete mineral fertilizer is applied.
The plant responds well to top dressing with an ash solution, which contains sufficient trace elements in sufficient quantities. To prepare a solution, 300 g of ash is poured over with two liters of hot water. You can boil for 5-7 minutes. After the solution has cooled, it should be drained and diluted in 10 liters of water at room temperature. Plants are watered at the root or completely on curtains.
It should be remembered that it is better to underfeed than to feed. Otherwise, the plants will begin to fatten, which will adversely affect flowering.
Also, plants need a haircutwhich is held annually immediately after flowering. In spring, the styloid phlox should not be cut, otherwise there will be no lush flowering. And you shouldn't be late with this procedure either.
With good care, curtains of groundcover flox retain their decorative effect for up to five years. Then the plants need rejuvenation, because the old stems are drawn out, woody, and the leaves die on them. Naked patches appear on the green carpet, the flowers become shallow and the plants look unkempt and untidy.
In the northern areas for the winter phlox is desirable to cover. For this is used fir spruce branches. Foliage for shelter is not suitable. Under its dense layer of plants can melt.
Varieties and varieties of phlox styloid
Snow-white, dark red, pink, purple - many shades have awl-shaped phlox, planting and caring for which is beyond the power of beginners. It got its name because of narrow, pointed leaves, similar to awls. This phlox refers to the ground cover species that bloom earlier than the rest in spring. Flowering carpet is beautiful not only in the photo, but also on any dacha.
Among the varieties of styloid phlox the most interesting are:
- Candy Strips. White flower with a pink stripe in the center.
- "Telly". Lilac, in the form of an asterisk. It blooms very long.
- "Mayshnaya". Dazzling white flower, one of the most common.
- "Thumbelina". It has a rich pink color. Growing fast.
Planting and plant care
When choosing a site for styloid phlox, give preference to a sunny and dry place. Also pay attention to the ground. It must be infertile, dry and loose. Acidity is neutral or slightly alkaline. On wet chernozem plants give a lot of green, but almost do not bloom. Planting depth should be no more than 15 cm, because the roots of phlox are not very long. The distance between the bushes is about 20-30 cm.
Council The best precursors for phlox are perennial herbs, calendula. Do not root these flowers after garden strawberries: the likelihood is high that nematodes remain in the soil and will quickly take root in new plants.
Phlox care includes:
- regular soil loosening,
- weed control,
- moderate watering with warm water (from cold stems crack),
- removal of inflorescences that have faded.
Every 5 years, phlox need to be transplanted, so that their bloom was lush and long. These flowers are considered to be frost-resistant, but on condition that in winter they will cover a sufficient layer of snow. Therefore, in the autumn it is necessary to cut the tops, and sprinkle the roots with earth mixed with peat. Additionally, cover them with straw, spruce branches, fallen leaves.
Fertilizer and phlox feeding
One-year varieties need 4 dressings per season, perennial ones - at 5 (the latter will fall out during the period of seed ripening).
Approximate fertilizer application scheme:
- End of spring: 25 g of liquid manure per 10 liters of water.
- The beginning of June. The same, but with the addition of superphosphate.
- Early July. Liquid manure without additives.
- The end of July. Fertilizer potassium and phosphate salt. Introduction of potash-phosphorus top dressing. Better to do in the evening.
It is possible to use ash to fertilize phlox. Take 350 g, fill them with 2 liters of water, boil for 10 minutes. Cool, strain and add a bucket of water. Use as for root feeding, and on the sheet.
Council After winter, pour phlox humus. This will accelerate their growth and root development.
Protection against diseases and pests
Phlox most often suffer from variegation and powdery mildew. In the first case, an ugly pattern unusual for the plant appears on the leaves, in the second case a white matt coating. Prevention of these diseases - spring treatment Bordeaux liquid. If symptoms are noticed, remove the damaged plants.
Also among the diseases of phlox are:
- septoria (signs: brown spots on the leaves),
- fomoz (signs: fragility of shoots, drying of leaves).
When symptoms of septoria appear, spray the bushes and the ground around them with Bordeaux pain. Re-process after 14 days. The development of fomoz is easier to prevent by spraying phlox with colloidal sulfur.
Of the pests most phlox annoying nematode and other filamentous worms. If they have settled on the plants, the stems become fragile, the leaves and flowers are deformed. Affected phlox need to dig and burn, and the soil - to process nematocides.
The combination of phlox with other plants
The phlox compositions with primrose, poppy seeds, edelweiss, dwarf iris and wormwood, asters are successful. This flower looks bright against the background of conifers with a clear form: thuja, juniper, pine, dwarf spruce. Harmonious combinations of styloid phlox with other ground cover (stonecrop, young). Annual plants are good in the ensemble with bells, lion's throat, cereals.
Council Choosing "neighbors" for phlox, take into account the period of flowering plants. Competently combining flower cultures, you can create a colorful flower bed that will delight you from spring to autumn.
Application of styloid phlox in landscape design
- As a lawn. Especially well for decorating large areas in the garden.
- On the alpine hills and rockeries. Here, phloxes will beautify the tops, as well as smooth out uneven slopes.
- To create curbs along arbors, paths in the garden.
- In mixborders (mixed flower beds). Aloe phlox will look better in the foreground.
- In the intervals between paths, lined with stones or slabs, and on the stone steps.
- For flower arrangements in containers. They are placed on the balcony or at the entrance to the gazebo, near the gate.
To decide what is right for you, look at the bright photos with phlox. But be sure: whatever application you find to these colors, they will look festive and original everywhere. You need only a little fantasy to make your site even more attractive.
Meet with creeping flowers
We think that after reading the article you will definitely want to plant awl-shaped phloxes in the new season. What are their advantages? In general, all ground cover plants are very practical, because they cover the entire surface, suppress the growth of a part of weeds, retain moisture for other cultivated plantations. In addition, for the most part, creeping flowers or grass are unpretentious, and phloxes are styloid proof of this. Take a look at the photo of how the landscape is transformed if it is decorated with stones and ground cover flowers.
The awl-shaped phlox is a species, it has many varieties. A big plus is that all the flowers are rich in colors - white, red, lavender, variegated, striped and other. Phloxes can be planted separately, combining varieties, and together with lemon-smelling, saxifrage, crocus, and spruce thyme plants. The compositions are very decorative and tasteful. Now awl phlox are some of the most popular and sought after colors.
If we talk about the varietal description, it will be as follows:
- plant height - up to 20 cm
- color - different,
- leaves are dark green,
- grows thick carpet covering the soil
- inflorescences in diameter - 2-4 cm,
- cold-resistant and unpretentious,
- reproduces simply and quickly takes root,
- homeland is North America
- blooms - from the second decade of May to the second decade of June.
On a note! If we talk about the minuses of styloid phloxes, then this is a short flowering, but it can be extended with the help of good care and feeding.
Phlox subulate and spread - what is the difference?
Many inexperienced gardeners often confuse two types of flowers - dilapidated and styloid. Many believe that they are the same phlox, but this is a mistake. The distinction of the species is quite obvious - the height of spreading varieties up to 30-40 cm, they are not so diverse in colors, they are afraid of strong frosts and snowless winters, are more demanding on the composition of the soil, the bushes are loose. Subulate phlox in nature can grow on poor soils, bloom well, the difference is visible in the photo. Experienced gardeners found that in very fertile soil ground cover phlox bloom worse.Spreading look more loose
This is one of the most sought after varieties. Inflorescences have two shades at once - the petals are white, they have lavender stripes. Delight their bloom twice per season - in June and August. Height - up to 15 cm. Very decorative variety, grows in diameter to half a meter.
The uniqueness of the variety is that it grows very quickly and well. One season can change your flower bed, making it a soft lilac color. The variety winters fine, is not afraid of trampling. Height - 5-15 cm, blooms in late spring and early summer. One of the most undemanding varieties.
Here you can just look at the photo of phlox awl-shaped in landscape design, and everything will become clear. Flowers resemble candy, they are striped and very decorative. It blooms at the end of May and June, requires only watering and 1-2 times feed. Winters excellent in all regions. Height - up to 15 cm, in diameter - 60 cm and more.
Also unpretentious variety and very often found in the beds of summer residents. It is perfectly combined with primroses, suitable for different landscape solutions. The variety creates a very dense carpet up to 20 cm in height. It blooms in late spring and early summer.
These subulate phloxes, as can be seen in the photograph, are snow-white. Decorate any flower bed, rock garden, border. You can plant a variety in flowerpots. It will grow no more than 15 cm, it blooms, like most varieties, a month at the end of May and June, but it will also delight in August and September.
For information! Phlox subulate has hybrid varieties and simple. In each there are pluses, but the second more hardy. If you have bad conditions, the climate is harsh, the soil is poor, it is better to choose them.
The variety is decorative and inflorescences, and leaves. This is an advantage, because after flowering the plant still looks very aesthetically pleasing. Height - no more than 10 cm, petals - lilac shade. Blossoms - in late May and early June. Diameter - up to 50 cm.
Of course, there are much more varieties, but today we are talking about planting a styloid phlox and caring for it. When choosing flowers for your garden, try to choose species not only by the principle - which you like, it will grow, but also so that they combine with each other in shade and appearance. Also choose plants so that they can bloom in turns - the club will always be beautiful. And let's get to the main secrets of growing.
Plan a flower bed
To the site looked aesthetically and tastefully, it is better to plan in advance what and where to plant. Ground cover plants can be planted next to the pond, diluting the greens that are also needed there. Saturated shades of red, violet against the background of natural stones, short conifers look very beautiful. White phlox is best combined with burgundy, lavender. It is necessary to take into account that the plants grow strongly and leave in advance an empty place in the flower bed. Examples of how you can arrange a plot with styloid phloxes you can see in the photo in our article.
Now, with regards to important conditions. Phloxes do not like excess water in the place where they grow. Plants immediately lose their decorativeness, bald patches appear, the tint of flowers grows dull. Best of all, the earth was loose, at this place there was a lot of sun. Malicious weeds are also better to bring in advance, because when weeding, they will be pulled out along with the superficial roots of phloxes.
Tip! For flowers are important predecessors. Для флоксов это могут быть душистые травы, зелень, календула, бархатцы. Эти растения отпугивают паразитов, которые могут вредить.Простой и красивый декор
Семена флоксов шиловидных можно сеять на участке как весной, так и под зиму — они пройдут стратификацию, и всхожесть будет максимальной. The shoots are the same, if you do not grow flowers from seeds, you can plant in spring and autumn. But the second option is even preferable, since the seedlings will take root in September and October and in May they will bloom two weeks earlier.
We prepare the soil and plant flowers
We first analyze the method of soil preparation and planting phlox, which are grown from ready-made seedlings. Place under them to be freed from plant debris. If the soil is heavy, poorly amenable to weeding, loosening, then apply sand until the soil becomes crumbly. Neutral ground for phlox is best suited, if you have acidity, then per square meter also pour a glass of hydrated lime.
As a feed you can use compost, humus and wood ash, which is recognized by summer residents as the best fertilizer for phlox. In addition, ashes do not tolerate parasites. Such preparations will be enough for the flowers that you bought or took from friends through root division or received seedlings from cuttings. Flowers are planted, watered; in the autumn, it is better to cover them with spruce spruce leaves, after cutting.
If you are sowing seeds, then the correct technique is the one that is done by stratifying the seeds. From autumn you have to prepare the soil from humus, garden soil and sand. Place it in a container, moisten it lightly and sow the seeds at a distance of 5 cm from each other. This is done in late November-December. Further, crops are carried out on the street and covered with a high layer of snow. In March, sprouts will start to hatch, now they need to be brought into the greenhouse or on the balcony, watered as needed. At the end of April, phloxes are planted in a permanent place in the holes with humus and sand.
On a note! Some summer residents plant seeds immediately in the ground, sprinkle them with nutrient soil, which was prepared in the fall, and cover with snow. In the spring, do not touch the seedlings until they grow up, then divide into place.
Care for styloid phlox
Landing made, what now? Yes, everything is simple, because the flowers require a minimum of attention. When they begin to germinate, they need watering so that the soil does not dry out, but it is not wet. Immediately it is necessary to remove the weeds, loosen the soil very carefully, as the roots are on the surface. Surprisingly, phloxes may never begin to bloom, but only produce greens if there are a lot of nutrients in the soil. They have enough 1-2 fertilizers on the basis of phosphorus, you can buy a complex liquid feed for flowering. Water before flowering or during it and after.
With regards to parasites, nematodes and caterpillars can bother, they are driven away by popular infusions or insecticides. Caterpillars are often simply harvested by hand. Diseases extremely rarely affect the styloid phlox, except that powdery mildew. From it you can carry out treatment Bordeaux mixture. For prevention, use a weak solution of manganese and the drug "Fundazol." The soil is poured periodically from wood ash or tobacco dust.
The choice of location and soil for planting
There are no special requirements to the growing conditions for the styloid phlox. It is plastic and easily put up with difficulties. But he will show himself maximally in open and sunny rocky or sandy areas. Hilly areas and small slopes are preferable. The main thing is that the landing sites should not allow moisture to stagnate. Otherwise, phlox grows poorly, derninki will not be dense and can melt.
Soils for styloid phlox should be loose and poor with neutral acidity. Sour soils lime, lime consumption rate - 150-200 g / sq. m. In clay soils add river sand.
Planting in open ground
The root system of the plant is superficial, so when planting phlox is not much buried. When digging the soil carefully remove the rhizomes of weeds, so that they do not interfere with the growth of sod. Until the phlox planting has turned into a solid carpet, regular weeding is an obligatory procedure in the care in the first 1-2 years.
Phlox seedlings are planted in prepared pits or holes to a depth of 10–15 cm at a distance of 25–30 cm from each other. After planting, they are abundantly watered.
The article “Perennial phloxes - types and popular varieties”, which describes the varieties of all known perennial phloxes, will help you choose the seeds of phlox awliform.
Phlox styloid drought-resistant. This is one of the advantages of the plant. It is regularly (2-3 times a week) watered only in a strong drought. The rest of the time there is enough natural rainfall.
Phlox awl variety Candy Stripe
During the season, the plant is fed 2–3 times. The introduction of nitrogen and potash fertilizers in the spring will give impetus to active growth, top dressing with complex mineral fertilizers in the middle of summer will contribute to lush flowering. Good effect is provided by root and foliar ash dressings. Ash contains the necessary phlox micro-and macronutrients. At the same time there is no nitrogen in it, the increased doses of which adversely affect flowering. In addition, ash solutions protect phlox from pests. Top dressing is best combined with watering, so as not to burn the leaves.
You can feed the stylox phlox in a different way. In the spring, after the snow melts and the ground dries, the soil around the phloxes is loosened and mulched with humus mixed with wood ash. In the summer, they do without supplements, and in the fall, the bushes re-mulch with humus.
Shelter for the winter
Phlox styloid frost-resistant and in the middle lane does not need shelter. But since the root system of the plant is superficial, in the spring, after the snow melted, the roots will become bare. A layer of compost or humus 1–2 cm thick, poured in the fall, will protect them, and phloxes will successfully winter.
Styloid phlox tolerates a haircut. In early spring, it is recommended to trim only the yellowed or dried stems at the ends. After flowering, the overgrown shoots and parts of the stems with faded flowers are cut. Trimming the bush by 30-50% is a strong anti-aging procedure. She returns the former beauty of the plant.
It is rarely used, since most modern varieties are complex hybrids. Phlox planted on the site can pereopilyatsya and multiply self-sowing. New plants are not like the parent, the flowers will receive and retain their unique color.
You can help phlox - to collect in late autumn, fallen seed boxes on the ground. Peel them and put the seeds in a container with a mixture of sand and soil to a depth of 1.5 cm. In winter, you can sketch snow on top. The sprouts that appeared in spring are sent to grow in the greenhouse, and with the onset of heat they are planted in a permanent place.
Phlox awl grade Appel Blossum
To root the cuttings in the spring before they start budding or in the fall after flowering, shoots with 2-3 internodes are cut. Lower leaflets before the first node are removed. The handle is placed in wet sand or in a mixture of sand and humus. Capacity with shoots covered with a glass jar or a transparent bag, creating greenhouse conditions. In the process of rooting, which lasts about 3 weeks, cuttings air daily, maintain a wet state.