Campanula is an ampelous flower. Such plants look great in pots, hanging pot, baskets. The stems of the campanula are soft, the leaves are rather small, and there are many inflorescences. As a result, we obtain (depending on the subspecies) a large ball of bright flowers or even a whole cascade of many small “stars”, which falls beautifully from the pot.
"Home" types of bell
Usually on our window sills and balconies adorn the subspecies of the campanula ravnolifolnoy: "Alba" (Alba) and "Maya" (Maya). The "Alba" white inflorescences, for this the people called her "bride". Maya has gays, they call her “bridegroom.” And there are in fact also bicoloured plants - “Bicolor”, the popular name “lover”. But in fact, sometimes there are other varieties of Kampanuly, for example: "Karpatskaya", "Terry", "Blauranka". In the table - the distinctive features of the most common varieties of plants.
Table - Varieties of "Domestic" Campanula
Campanula Care Rules
In general, the bell - a very unpretentious plant and growing campanula at home will be mastered even by a novice gardener or a person who is not well versed in this matter.
Campanula loves the light, but he must be scattered. That is, the lighting should be bright, but without direct sunlight. In the garden or on the balcony, choose a place where there is always a shadow. In the apartment - put the plant on the window sills of windows facing east and west. If your windows face south, then it is better to put a pot of campanula in pots or place them on a special stand.
Campanula loves coolness, but she hardly endures the heat. Optimum temperature for a plant:
- in summer - 23 (± 2) ° C, but not higher. If the climate is hot, the plant will be better in an air-conditioned room, but place it so that the cold air does not blow on it,
- in winter - approximately 13 (± 2) ° C. From excessive heat, the flower "suffers", the leaves dry up, and in spring you can not wait for flowering or it will be scarce.
This moment is not crucial for the campanula. You do not have to mess with the trays, spray water from the spray gun, trying to humidify the air, and other “dancing” around the flower will not be required.
And this is a very important moment for a flower. In the active phase (from March to September), the rapid flowering “pulls” all the forces out of the “bride and groom”. In such a tense period, the plant needs help.
You can feed the campanula with any store fertilizer for ornamental flowering houseplants. Only the dosage needs to be halved from that recommended by the manufacturer. Perform the procedure optimally three times a month.
The root system of the campanula grows rapidly and rather quickly occupies the entire space of the pot. And then the plant dries the buds - this is a sure sign that it is “cramped” and lacks nutrients. Therefore, immediately after the purchase, it is better to transplant the campanula into a spacious “dwelling” - a low and wide pot.
Campanula is not a perennial plant. And it needs to be transplanted only if the old pot has become too small and there are clear signs of “starvation”: the leaves turn yellow, fall off, the buds dry out, the flowering fades away.
Campanula loves loose "porous" soil. The best option - a mixture of peat soil, humus and sand in equal shares. But the universal shop composition for ornamental flowering plants will also fit perfectly. The ideal time to plant a campanul is spring and autumn. If you decide, then proceed in five steps.
- Pick a pot. For a start, look for plants of suitable size pot. It should be about twice the previous one.
- Lay drainage. At the bottom of the new pot need to pour fresh drainage, 2 cm thick.
- Add primer. Put drainage on the drain, but not to the brim of the pot. Enough and half the depth of the pot.
- Set the flower. Move the plant along with a piece of old soil on the roots in the center of the tank and not too deep - about 2 cm below the estimated soil boundary. Make sure that the stems are looking up and not toppled to the side.
- Cover with earth. Top with fresh soil. Press the ground lightly with your fingers - you need to tamp it down a bit.
Caring for the flower "bride and groom" does not involve abundant watering. The main thing is that the earth does not dry out, always be wet, but not wet. And also make sure that water does not accumulate in the pan, pour it, otherwise the roots will rot. And the frequency of watering depends on the time of year.
- Summer . Quite hot at this time of the year, plus the plant blooms intensely. It may be necessary to water the campanula every day, depending on the climate and the size of the plant itself.
- In the winter. During the rest period, the campanula can be watered once every two weeks. The plant can survive without water for up to 20 days. Just occasionally check the soil and moisturize as soon as you notice that the ground is dry.
- In the offseason. In the autumn it is enough to water the plant twice a week. In the spring, start daily watering in small portions from March.
September-October is the period when the bell has ended its rapid flowering, the plant is tired and exhausted. How to care for campanula after flowering, so that next spring the flower will have the strength for another "enchanting" season?
- The beginning of November . First of all, you need to remove all that the plant will spend the juice on in the winter, instead of accumulating strength: dry inflorescences, stems, leaves. “Purity” will need to maintain the entire rest period.
- December Time to cut the campaign. Cut off all the shoots, but not under the root, leave a length of about ten centimeters.
- March . By this time, the shoots will grow, cut them at a distance of 5 cm from the ground.
- Watering Two or three times a month, see as the soil dries.
- Light It is better to “winter” the plant in a well-lit, but protected from the direct rays of the sun place.
- Temperature . Do not place the campanula near the radiators, but do not put it on a cold balcony.
- Top dressing. At rest is not required.
And spring is the time to propagate the campaign to the desired number of plants.
How to propagate the bell
Again, Campanula is not a perennial. The average lifespan of a plant is two years, sometimes slightly longer. If you do not want to say goodbye to the "falling star" a couple of years after the purchase - multiply it. You have several options to choose from:
When you carry out spring pruning, pinch off the “heel” stalk from the mother plant. That is, it is necessary to tear off the young shoot at the very bottom so that a part of the skin and core of the maternal stem remains on it. And at the bottom of the cutting should be two or three leaves. To root the Campanula by cutting, proceed in five steps.
- Water treatments. Dip the shoot into a glass with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for about seven to eight hours. You do not need to immerse it completely, just “dip” the cut-off area and a couple of centimeters from the top.
- Stimulant treatment. Before planting in the ground, it is possible to process the shoot with a growth stimulator. According to reviews, after this treatment Campanula grows stronger and blooms more actively.
- The landing. Escape deepen in the soil about 3 cm.
- Greenhouse conditions. Cover the pot with plastic wrap or a large glass jar if the pot is small. To prevent the plant from rotting, it needs to be aired daily. Put the pot in a cool place.
- Spraying Once a week, spray the shoot with warm filtered water.
Campanula can be propagated in this way directly during plant transplantation. It is better to do this in spring or at the very beginning of summer. Here are the seven steps instructions.
- Remove the bush along with a lump of old earth.
- Divide it into several pieces - just cut the roots with a sharp knife.
- Delenki should not be too small.
- Place each piece in your pot. Do not forget to put drainage on the bottom.
- Dip the plant 2-3 cm into the ground.
- Top up with the required amount of land and lightly tamp.
- Water the plant.
Campanula seeds are propagated by seeds in spring, in early March. This is if you already have a mother plant. Or buy seeds in the store. So, in the autumn, when the bell flower has blossomed, look for miniature boxes on the stems - there are seeds. But do not tear the box - let it remain on the plant, it will burst itself when the seeds "ripen". The seeds of the campanula are very small, more likely resemble dust, by carelessness they can even be blown off. And then proceed according to the instructions of the six steps.
- Carefully open the "house".
- Prepare a clean container and suitable soil.
- If possible, evenly scatter the seeds on the ground.
- Deepen the seed is not necessary. Just sprinkle them a little with soil or sand.
- Spray the soil out of the spray gun.
- Cover the seedlings with a film and air daily.
Usually indoor flowers infect two pests: spider mite and shieldweed. If you notice a parasite on at least one plant - the risk of infection and all the "neighbors" is high. Immediately isolate the diseased plant and immediately begin to fight the "enemy".
If you notice a "web" between the base of the leaves and the stem - this is an occasion to think. Inspect the inside of the leaves, if you notice something similar to the stuck ground - poke the "dirty" place with a thin needle or a toothpick. It turned out to be not at all dirt, but the tiny size brown bugs that rushed scatter? This is a spider mite. To begin, break off all infected leaves, so you will get rid of a large number of pests. And what to do next is described in the table.
Table - Methods of dealing with spider mites
This insect looks like an aphid, only flat and with shell. It was because of him that the pest got its name - the shell, like a shield, protects its “master”. Often, shchitovki accumulate in the places of attachment of leaves to the stalk, there you can notice a certain "bloom" of insects. The feeder feeds on the sap of the plant and, at the initial stage, dark spots appear in the places where the parasite has attached, then the leaves twist and fall. Another sure sign of infection is that sticky drops appear on the plant. This is the so-called pad, it is emitted by insects.
First of all, it is necessary to mechanically remove the parasites from the leaves and stems. Dip a soft toothbrush or cotton swab in vodka or insecticidal solution and clean the beetles. And then choose: the table describes the most popular methods of pest control.
Table - Methods of dealing with the shield
Problems and Diseases
In addition to parasites, other misfortunes can happen to the plant. For example, the leaves suddenly begin to sink and fall or rot appears. Consider the main "diseases" of the campanula and their causes.
- Gray rot. On the plant there are areas covered with "hairy" grayish bloom, resembling mold. Under the bloom begins the process of decay. This is a fungus. Causes: excessive watering and high humidity. Isolate the plant, remove the affected leaves and stems. Put the pot where the humidity is lower and reduce watering.
- The leaves turn yellow. Most likely, the direct rays of the sun or not enough moisture fall on the plant. Move the campanula to a cooler place, spray it, pour water in small portions, but every day.
- Leaves sluggish. Weak, lifeless leaves hanging - a sign that watering is too abundant. Do not let the water stagnate in the pan, water frequently, but so as to only moisten the soil, and not shed it.
- Stems thin and weak. Little light. Podyschite more lighted place, but avoid direct sunlight.
- Does not bloom. Campanula ceases to bloom when the plant lacks light or nutrition. And, perhaps, your bell is already old and just stopped its life cycle. If a young woman kampanula, then it must be rearranged to a well-lit place and fed three times a month.
- The plant fades. There can be many reasons: little light, little moisture, drafts, insufficient food, pests, rot. Analyze care, find errors and correct them. If the plant is attacked by parasites - see the tables above.
These are basic tips on how to care for a campaign so that it does not hurt and bloom profusely. While admiring the "falling stars", do not forget to look under the leaves, feel the soil, check for pests. Show a little more attention - this will allow you to fix problems on time, then the campaign will “thank” you with a stormy and long flowering.
Campanula care at home is simple. Its main requirement is good lighting, bright diffused light. It is located on the well-lit windows - east, southeast orientation. At home, the campanula grows on the northern windows, but in this case flowering is not so abundant.
Transplantation of the campanula.
After buying a bell in the store, you need to transplant it. Land for transplant can be bought from us. For planting fit lightweight earth, consisting of a mixture of coniferous-leaf and universal land, taken in equal quantity.
Important! When transplanting peat, the lump is not destroyed, the roots are not washed!
The relocation of the campanula to peat is made by transshipment At the same time you can remove from the roots of the peat, which is easy to shake. Read more about the transplant of plants from peat here.
After planting the plant is watered and put on a well-lit place without direct sun.
What does the Campanula look like?
Campanula (Campánula) - a genus of herbaceous perennials belonging to the family Kolokolchikovye (Campanulaceae). At the moment there are about three hundred of its representatives. Its name is translated from Latin as “bell” and because of the characteristic form of flowers in common language, campanules are often called bells. There is a more poetic nickname - “falling stars”.
In nature, elegant bells often grow on seemingly bare rocks
However, there is another version, according to which, the bell is obliged to form a campanule, and not vice versa. This church plate was first made in the Italian province of Campania after Bishop Paulin turned his attention to pretty flowers that swayed in the wind and seemed to ring quietly. By his order, the "flowers" made of copper, reproducing them, were cast. According to the place of origin, the bells began to be called “campanuli”, that is, “Campanian”. Then this name was transferred to the plant.
Campanula flowers are modest, but very elegant and elegant.
Campanula is distributed mainly in Europe and Asia, some species are found in North America. Its habitat is the Mediterranean coast, the Caucasus, the foothills of the Alps, Central Asia, Siberia. As regards the climate, there is no particular preference for the Campanula - it feels rather well both in the meadows, in the forests, in the steppes, and on the rocky plateaus.
Campanula as if by nature itself is intended for cultivation by the ampelous method. Only a stem up to 15 cm high can stand straight. But the shoots of the plant are long (about 0.5 m), thin, so they nest under the weight of flowers. The latter resemble miniature (up to 5 cm long and 2–4 cm in diameter) five-leafed bells, painted in different shades of blue, blue, lilac or white.
A cascade of flowers, stars, looks very impressive, but in a pot the bushes of campanula look very elegant
But to turn the campanula into a liana, trying to push it up the support, is not worth it. The plant is completely unsuitable for this, and, most likely, it will simply die.
A pair of breeding hybrids, nicknamed "bride and groom", is very popular among houseplant lovers. Alba has snow-white flowers, Mayi has lilac-blue. They decided to give to the wedding. It is believed that these plants will provide the newlyweds with family happiness, well-being and comfort in the house. And according to the old sign, the girl who grows the campanula will surely find true love, and the elderly - a calm, serene old age.
Experienced flower growers say that when planting in one pot, the “bride” visibly tightens the “groom” over time, so it is advisable to pre-install a partition in the flowerpot
The flower is appreciated by Feng Shui followers. According to this philosophy, the plant creates a warm and cozy atmosphere in the house, improves the moral climate, promotes the development of the creative potential of the owner and literally “attracts” money and material benefits to it.
Campanula pleases the eye not only with flowers, but also with bright greens of salad color. Its leaves are heart-shaped, 3–7 cm long, on long petioles, arranged alternately on the stems. In some species, the edge is carved with small teeth. Buds collected in loose corymbose inflorescences. Flowering lasts almost six months - from mid-spring to late autumn.
The green of the campanula also looks very pretty, but still this is not the main advantage of the plant.
A definite plus of the campanula is the almost complete lack of attention from domestic animals. The plant is not poisonous, perhaps they just do not like the taste. There is no need to clean Campanula away for fear that the bushes will be eaten by cats.
Campanula is a European plant, which means it has a good frost resistance, therefore it is widely used in landscape design, including in Russia
Виды растения, культивируемые в домашних условиях
Из трехсот видов кампанулы в домашних условиях выращивается не более десятка. Гораздо чаще цветоводы-любители приобретают один из селекционных гибридов, махровых или крупноцветковых. Самые популярные сорта:
- Кампанула равнолистная (isophylla). Длина побегов — до 30 см. Листья округлой формы с зазубренным краем. Диаметр цветков — около 4 см. Alba and Mayi hybrids, the “bride” and “bridegroom”, are derived on the basis of a campanula of equal leaves.
- Campanula Carpathian (carpática). The height and diameter of the bush - about 30 cm. The leaves are egg-shaped in a rosette. The flowers are 4–5 cm in diameter in lilac-blue color. The flowering period is rather short - three summer months.
- Campanula Blauranka (blauranke). It grows up to 20 cm in height. The flowers are pastel-blue, with a diameter of 5-6 cm.
- Campanula Pozharsky (poscharskyana). Leaves in the shape of an almost regular circle. Shoots are long, creeping. The flowers are small, 2-2.5 cm in diameter, bright purple. It tolerates cold and shade.
- Campanula Portenshlaga (portenschlagiana). Height about 15 cm. Heart-shaped leaves, purple flowers. It blooms from May to September. It does not lose its decoration even during the rest period - old shoots dry only in the spring, when a new seedling appears.
- Campanula Garganica (garganica). Plant height is about 15 cm. Creeping stems. The flowers are sky blue with a diameter of about 5 cm. It blooms all summer, even in partial shade.
- Campanula Prialpine (alpestris). A miniature plant no more than 5–10 cm high. The flowers are bright blue. Blooms profuse, long-lasting.
- Campanula looshechnistlelistnaya (cochleariifolia). Height - 15–20 cm. The leaves are small (3-5 cm in length). The hue of the petals varies from snow white to bright blue.
- Campanula terry (gemina). Popular breeding hybrid. "Parents" - Kampanula Carpathian and spoonblaster. On one plant, terry flowers bloom in different shades - from snow-white to inky-purple. The carved leaves are very densely arranged, literally rounding the stems. The plant is quite fastidious in care, it responds to any mistakes of the grower by the absence of flowering. There is also a series of miniature hybrids - Blue Bali, White Bali, Blue Wonder, White Wonder.
Table: optimal conditions for growing campanula
Campanula needs bright but diffused light
Campanula tends to turn towards a light source. Therefore, the bush turns out to be sloppy, skosobozochny. And there is a loss of form very quickly. To avoid this, weekly turn the pot in one direction (clockwise or counterclockwise). A sharp 180º turn will cause the plant to shed flowers and leaves. It is best to choose a place for the pot so that the light falls more or less evenly on it from both sides.
Campanula stretches to a source of light, so the bushes noticeably tilt to the side
Transplant procedure and preparation for it
Transplantation of campanula at home is rarely made. The fact is that the decorative plant retains a maximum of 2–3 years, then the flowering becomes much less abundant, the shoots become bare. Therefore, it is much easier to root the cuttings or grow new ones from the seeds.
Nevertheless, a transplant may still be required, although it does not tolerate its flower very well. For example, it is needed if roots appeared from a pot or a plant became ill. The best time for the procedure is early spring or mid-autumn (the period when flowering has not yet begun or has already ended). A purchased Campanula must be transplanted as soon as possible, a maximum of 2-3 days after purchase. The mixture of fibers for hydroponics, in which it is sold, is not at all suitable for growing crops at home. In the process, shorten the shoots by about a third, tear off all the flowers and buds.
The pot is chosen wide and shallow, increasing its diameter by 5–8 cm. The roots of the campanula quickly learn new space. Too large and bulky pot is undesirable - the plant blooms profusely only if the roots densely braid earthen clod.
Soil flower prefers light and loose, but nourishing. This soil is well breathable air and water. A universal substrate for flowering indoor plants is quite suitable, but there are other options:
- leaf soil and peat (1: 1),
- universal soil for indoor plants, peat, humus or rotted compost, coarse river sand (equally).
Kampanula does not impose any special requirements on the soil - the standard soil for flowering houseplants is quite suitable for it
There is nothing difficult in the transplant itself:
- Fill up a quarter of the volume of the new pot drainage. If the plant is very large - a third. Cover the drain with fresh substrate, filling it in the tank to about half.
- Liberally water the plant, remove it from the old container. If possible, try to keep the earth com whole.
- Using a sharp clean knife, cut off 3-5 mm of the roots, which fell down to the bottom in a solid “pile”. On the sides, make several longitudinal cuts of the same depth.
- Place the campanula in a new pot, add the substrate. Lightly compact the soil. Moderately water the plant.
- Remove transplanted specimens in partial shade, provide coolness (18–20ºС). When the campanula begins to grow, return it to its original place.
Campanula transplanted by transshipment
Proper care of the plant
Campanula is a rather unpretentious plant. Most of its demands are related to irrigation, although it can do without water for 12–14 days without special damage to itself.
Moisten the soil in the pot as soon as the top layer of soil dries. In extreme heat, it may be necessary to water daily or twice a day. About half an hour after the procedure, be sure to drain excess liquid from the pan.
Water is used only soft, room temperature. Rigid can provoke wilting plants. Therefore, if it is not possible to water the campanula with thawed, rain or bottled water, filter, boil or defend the tap.
During the active growing season, the campanula needs additional feedings every 10–12 days, since it spends a lot of energy on flowering. Any fertilizer for flowering houseplants will do (Ideal, Rainbow, Pokon, Bona Forte, Agricola, Kemira-Lux). The flower prepared according to the instruction is watered.
Campanula needs regular feedings - any means for flowering houseplants will do.
Forming a bush
In order for the plant to retain its decorative and tidy appearance, otzvety buds and dry leaves must be regularly removed. The same applies to the "bald" bottom shoots. Pinching will help to stimulate flowering - removing the upper 2-3 leaves from the shoots in early spring. After 3–4 weeks, they also do this with the lateral overgrowth.
Pinching the tops of the shoots stimulates branching and the formation of a larger number of flower buds
Table: how campanula responds to florist errors
Campanula leaves dry with insufficient air humidity or poor watering
Sometimes it is the fact that Kampanula does not bloom and the owner who is trying to turn it into a liana fades away. Pull up on the support for this plant is completely unnatural, as it unequivocally signals.
Common diseases and pests: what to do to save the flower
Campanula, despite the general unpretentiousness, is often affected by pests that are not averse to eat delicate leaves. It also does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the pot - rot develops quickly. Competent prevention will help reduce the risk of disease and the appearance of insects to a minimum:
- the content of all newly acquired plants in quarantine for a month,
- Regular inspection of colors and immediate isolation of all specimens with suspicious symptoms,
- placement of indoor plants and bouquets (especially from roses and chrysanthemums) as far as possible from each other, ideally in different rooms,
- daily airing of the room, spraying the leaves, dusting them,
- the implementation of recommendations for the care of the plant, especially with regard to irrigation,
- use only clean pots, disinfected primer and tools,
- periodic (once every 10–12 days) replacement of irrigation water with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate.
In nature, the plant is found mainly in the countries of southern Europe, and botanists identified several varieties. Many species were cultivated and began to be used to decorate balconies and flower beds. Thanks to the gentle, hanging down shoots, Campanula looks great in decorative drawers and flowerpots. Several varieties were bred for keeping in gardens and on open terraces, but only one variety is suitable as a room flower - Campanula ramenifolia.
The bell has long, creeping shoots of pale green color. Their length can reach 40–60 cm. The plant is completely covered with small (no more than 3–4 cm) flowers, consisting of 5 petals. There are several colors: white, pink, lilac, blue, pale lilac. But most often you can find petals of white and blue. It is for this reason that the plant deserved such an original name - “bride and groom”. To create bright compositions, both varieties can be planted in one pot, so the stems will be arranged in a chaotic manner, combining the flowers of white and blue color. Duration of flowering: from early May to October.
Features care for Campanula
Such a delicate flower, like Campanula, which is easy to care for, requires only proper lighting and a spacious pot. After planting, the plant will quickly grow and soon will delight the first flowers.
- Lighting. The optimal place - the windows facing east or southeast. Campanula requires very good light, but it is difficult to tolerate direct sunlight, which can be detrimental to it, causing burns and twisting of the leaves. The lack of light also has a negative effect - the stems are stretched in length, the distance between the internodes increases, and the plant loses its former beauty and attractiveness.
- Temperature. The flower has a pronounced dormant period, so caring for Campanula varies depending on the time of year. Thus, during the flowering period, the temperature should be in the range of 21-24 ° C, and in winter, this figure should be reduced to 12-16 ° C. The plant does not tolerate drought, it should be kept away from batteries, heaters and electric stoves. It is better to place the pot not on the windowsill, but on a special stand, stand or nightstand. It would be good to plant him in a pots on the side of the window so that the scorching sun rays did not fall on him, but at the same time there was enough light. For a period of rest for a pot with a flower should find a dark, cool place, for example, under the bathroom or in the cellar.
- Humidity. This indicator is not significant, but spraying from a spray gun at least 1–2 per week will only benefit.
- WateringIn the period of flowering, Campanula needs regular watering, ideally twice a day: in the early morning and in the evening. But here it is necessary to be careful, the soil should be moderately wet. Abundant watering will lead to stagnant moisture, it is better not to allow the water to be collected in the pan. All that is needed is the amount of water that the earth lump soaks. In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time in 10–20 days (the amount depends on the air temperature). The water recommended is soft and warm.
- Soil and top dressing. Wild species can grow even on the rocks, so the plant is unpretentious to the composition of the soil. But experienced growers recommend the following composition: leaf ground (or humus) and sand in a 1: 1 ratio. Good drainage is required, which will take at least a third of the pot, you can use expanded clay, large pebbles or broken bricks.
During the flowering period, complex organic and mineral fertilizers are required. Any universal concentrate for flowering houseplants is suitable for this. Fertilize can be up to three times a month. In the winter, feeding is not necessary.
The origin and appearance of the campanula
There is in the family of Kolokolchikovye charming plant called Campanula (Campanula), which growers with pleasure grow in indoor conditions.
Campanula is considered to be the Mediterranean homeland, but it is found in nature not only in the South of Europe, but also in Asia, the Caucasus, and even in some regions of North America.
Translated campanula means "bell". The name of the plant was due to the characteristic shape of the flower.
Campanula in nature "width =" 800 ″ height = "600 ″ />
Under natural conditions, the flower grows in meadows, forest glades, forest edges, along river banks and in the foothills
The plant is a small perennial grassy shrub, reaching a height of 30–50 cm. The campanula has long shoots of a light green color and flowers painted white, blue or purple.
The snow-white kampanulu is popularly called the “bride”, and the plant with blue and purple flowers is the “bridegroom”. There is another popular name - "the flower of family happiness." In ancient times, there was also a belief that this plant gives girls happy love, and the elderly - serene old age.
Campanula bloom lasts a long time. It begins at the end of spring and lasts until mid-autumn, in winter there is a period of rest.
Campanula is considered a capricious plant that needs special care when growing in captivity. He needs timely watering, even with the slightest lack of moisture tender shoots may die. But if you find the lightest and warmest place for a bell, and also provide him with the necessary care, then it is quite possible to get a lush and long bloom in an ordinary apartment.
Species and varieties popular in indoor floriculture
Biologists have described about 300 species of campanula, but only a few of them are “raised in captivity”.
- Campanula ravnolistnaya. This species is most often grown as a houseplant. The flower reaches a height of no more than 30 cm and has an ampel form. Its thin stems hang under the weight of flowers, so it is recommended to keep it in hanging pots. In spring and summer, the bell is covered with numerous flowers. The most popular varieties are Mayia (the “bridegroom” with blue flowers) and Alba (“the bride whose flowers have a snow-white shade”). The Napoli variety with large blue bells is very beautiful, the hybridizer created a bride as a pair for the groom — the Atlanta variety with similar white flowers.
- Campanula Pozharsky. Under natural conditions, the flower grows on limestone rocks on the Balkan Peninsula. A very showy plant forms a dense curtain of heart-shaped leaf blades, the height of which is on average 15–20 cm. Abundant flowering. Bells are star-shaped, painted in light blue or plum color. Hybridizers bred cultivar with white flowers.
- Campanula Blauranka. The plant is one of the varieties of the Pozharsky campanula. A distinctive feature - leaf blades and flowers of large size in combination with a compact form of a bush.
During its flowering, Blauranka attracts attention with flowers painted in a delicate light blue tint. Such a campanula is suitable for growing both in the apartment and in the garden.
Table: Diseases and pests affecting Campanul
- Remove the plant from the pot. Remove all leaves, shoots and roots even with minimal signs of damage.
- Season the slices with powdered chalk, activated charcoal, and cinnamon.
- For half an hour, soak the roots in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate or any fungicide (Topaz, Skor, Kuprozan).
- Replant the plant, completely replacing the soil and sterilizing the pot. Add Glyocladin to the soil.
- For 2-3 months, water the flower with a 0.5% solution of Alirin-B, Previkur, Baikal-EM instead of water.
- Remove all affected tissue. Process the slices.
- Liberally spray the flower and soil with a solution of Teldor, Horus, Switch EDC.
- Water for a month with a pale-pink solution of potassium permanganate; powder colloidal sulfur once a week.
For prophylaxis, spray the plant with a solution of Fundazol (0.1%), Topsina-M (0.3%) or Bayletona (0.05%) once every 3-4 months.
- Apply a thin layer of ethyl alcohol or any alcohol-containing tincture on the leaves, and after 10-15 minutes, rinse under a shower.
- Liberally spray and water the plant, leave for 3-4 days under a plastic bag.
- If there is no effect, use Acaricides - Fitoverm, Omite, Apollo, Vermitek (3-4 times every 7-12 days, changing the drugs).
- Смажьте панцири видимых вредителей керосином, скипидаром, уксусной кислотой. Через 2–3 часа снимите щитовок.
- Вымойте растение под тёплым душем.
- Обработайте Фосбецидом, Метафосом, Фуфаноном (2–3 раза с интервалом 5–7 дней).
- Разместите рядом с горшком липкую ленту для ловли мух, самодельные ловушки, работающий фумигатор.
- Ежедневно ранним утром пылесосьте растение, собирая спящих бабочек.
- If there is no effect, use Mospilan, Tanrek, Admiral, Commander until the pest has completely disappeared (with an interval of 3-5 days).
- Spray the flower with a foam of green potash or laundry soap.
- An hour later, wash the plant in the shower, cut off the most badly affected leaves and shoots.
- 3-4 times a day, spray the flower with infusions of any sharp-smelling herbs, onion peel, tobacco crumbs, citrus peel.
- In the absence of effect, use Biotlin, Inta-Vir, Fury, Iskra-Bio (3-5 times with an interval of 5-7 days).
The best time for grafting is mid-autumn. Planting material is obtained in the process of regular pruning. Better and faster rooted lower part of the shoot with the root buds (the so-called heel). It is enough to have 3-4 leaves on it.
Campanula stalk - lower plant sprout
- Place the base of the cuttings for 25–30 minutes in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate or Fitosporin (5–7 ml per liter of water).
- Wait for the roots to appear by placing planting material in the water. In each container, dissolve a tablet of activated carbon and succinic acid (200 ml).
- Fill plastic cups with a mixture of peat and sand (1: 1). Seed cuttings with roots, deepening 2.5–3 cm.
- Create a greenhouse effect. Liberally spray the planting, not allowing the soil to dry, and air them daily. Maintain a constant temperature of 25–27ºС, provide bright diffused light.
- After 3-4 weeks, transplant the young campanules into the soil for adult plants. When they add about 10 cm in length, pinch the tops of the shoots for greater “bushiness”.
Campanula cuttings root easily and fairly quickly.
The division of the bush is made in the process of transplanting. Most often, it is not possible to unravel the roots, therefore the earthy clod is cut into several approximately equal parts with a sharply sharpened disinfected knife. "Wounds" sprinkled with crushed chalk, colloidal sulfur, cinnamon. Then the new plants are seated in separate pots and looked after, as usual. They need to be immediately plentifully watered, and no later than in a week - to apply fertilizer. The first month especially carefully protect the plant from direct sunlight.
The division of the bush campanula is performed simultaneously with the transplant
Seeds are sown in early spring. They save germination for a long time, at least for a year. Handle them carefully. They are very small.
Campanula seeds can be easily purchased at any specialty store or grown on your own.
- Fill flat containers with a mixture of leafy earth or peat crumb with sand (1: 1), moisten and level the substrate.
- If possible, evenly distribute the seeds on the ground surface. Sprinkle a little with fine sand (layer 2–3 mm thick) and moisten again with a spray bottle.
- Cover the container with glass or film. As it dries, sprinkle the soil with a weak solution of the root formation stimulator - potassium humate, Appin, Zircon (2-3 ml per liter of water).
- Daily open the greenhouse for ventilation, wash the resulting condensate. Maintain a temperature of about 23–25 ºС, provide lower heating and bright ambient light.
- Shoots appear in 5-7 days. When three true leaflets form, spread the campanules into small pots or plastic cups. In the process be careful, seedlings are very fragile. Further care is normal.
With proper conditions, campanula seeds germinate very quickly.
Flower grower reviews
For kampanul age does not matter, they bloom on young shoots, so they need to be cut or renewed every year. At work, the shoot from this bush (six months to the plant) is already blooming magnificently.
Campanula loves coolness and fresh air, frequent watering, and preferably morning sunshine. Can be planted in ready ground "Saintpaulia." Cut the flowers, as they will dry out, and in general, in the autumn you can prune all the branches, and after such a procedure you will grow better. Water with Zircon, HB-101 or other biostimulants.
Campanula is kept in a cool room in winter, at a temperature of 10–12ºС. Requires bright lighting (in the summer on the southern and eastern windows needs shading). It is watered often in the summer, rarely in winter, since a period of rest is necessary. In spring, the upper dried parts of the shoots are cut, leaving the lower ones, on which new shoots are formed from the sleeping buds. Propagated by seeds and cuttings (in February-March). Cuttings rooted in a mixture of peat and sand. In order to avoid rotting of the cuttings, they are only slightly sprayed. Used as an ampelous plant.
Drying the leaves is the first sign of a lack of light. Campanula needs a well-lit place. She also needs moist air, and water should be watered slightly warmer than room temperature. It is autumn now, reduce watering, you need to water only as the soil dries out, but continue to regularly humidify the air. It is very harmful for her drafts, stale dry air. Be sure to remove the yellowed leaves and wilted flowers. If the main stem dies off, the dying off parts must also be cut off, but look, if you have young shoots there, by no means damage them. And further. Campanula hates when they raise her shoots up, giving her the appearance of creepers. This should not be done.
Many know the indoor flower, which is called the "bride and groom", and officially - kampanula. Ampelnaya plant with small leaves and with white or blue bells. Previously, these flowers were given to the wedding. But there is such a feature that when planted in one pot, the “bride” (white bell) clearly suppresses the growth of the “groom” (blue bell). And you need to know this feature and plant flowers in different containers or use a septum in a flowerpot. At first glance, the plant can be called unpretentious, but if it does not suit the conditions of detention, it may die. In summer, the plant is difficult to transfer dry air and heat. It must be constantly sprayed, watered abundantly, but not poured, and put in partial shade. If you are planning to go on vacation, then you should not hope that the campanula will wait for you and be in good condition. The flower requires the constant removal of dried flowers and leaves, periodic pruning.
Campanula is my favorite indoor plant. Caring for her is not very difficult. He likes warmth, fresh air and spraying (but we do not spray flowers, otherwise they will turn black). Does not like overflow and drafts. It blooms mainly in summer and very abundant (with proper care). In the fall, she will have a period of rest, it is necessary to prune her and put her in a cool place, but she still needs watering (very rare). And the most important thing is that the ground should be loose with good drainage (I put either expanded clay or foam plastic). It is very good to put sphagnum moss in the bottom of the pot, it does not allow the roots to rot and has anti-bacterial properties. You can plant it in the garden, it feels very good there, it blooms all summer long too.
Campanula is a modest, but original and exquisite plant that will embellish any interior. It is difficult to find a culture that blooms at home so long and abundantly. Provide the plant with the right temperature, abundant watering and bright light - and you will have not only beauty in your house, but also family happiness and prosperity.
What conditions are needed for growing campanula in the house
When you purchase the flower Campanula, pay attention to whether there are new sprouts next to it, whether pests and dry leaves are missing. Did you know?Popularly, this flower is known as the "bride and groom." The plant has such an unusual name because its flowers are white or blue. When she campanula in the transporting pot has adapted to the environment in the apartment or house, she needs a transplant, because after the purchase she is in a transported substrate.
About transplanting Campanula you learn by reading the article. These tips will help to further grow a healthy and beautiful flower.
Location and lighting
Campanula loves a diffused bright light. Flower is better protected from sunlight. It will feel great if it is placed on the west or east window.
When placed in the southern part of the house, the campanulu must be pritened. If you notice that the leaves of the campanules curl and fade, then most likely this is due to excess sun. If it receives less light, the shoots become elongated, the leaves are at a distance more than usual, and the flower loses its former appearance.
When there is no way out, and the campanula home needs to be placed on the north window, then it is necessary to organize additional lighting at least up to two hours a day.
How to care at home
Campanula is a very delicate plant, but quite unpretentious, so you need to devote a little time and attention to caring for the plant at home, and you will be able to grow an incredibly beautiful flower. Important!Campanula is very sensitive to water quality. It is desirable to carry out watering with separated water, if you water with hard water, the plant will die over time.
In the hot summer, the campanula needs frequent and abundant watering, it is necessary to ensure that the soil is constantly wet, but to avoid long stagnation of water.
Sometimes you have to water the plant every day, because in the summer the ground dries quickly. In the fall and winter, watering is significantly reduced, and the plant needs to be watered only once a week.
Top dressing of a flower
Do not forget about dressing. Like any other indoor plant, campanula needs additional feeding.
It is worth doing in the period of growth and flowering - in spring and summer. Campanula home will feel great and will delight you with flowering, if you feed it with a special fertilizer for flowering ornamental plants twice a month.
Diseases and pests
Campanula can be affected by diseases and pests. Dangerous for this plant are scale and spider mite. The flower should be inspected periodically, and if you managed to notice moving black dots under the leaves, then, most likely, this is a spider mite.
White or brownish spots on plants may indicate the presence of scythos.
An indicator of the presence of pests can be the appearance of yellow, wilted leaves, and further their loss. It will be interesting for you to learn about the diseases and pests of petunia flowers, Decembrist flower, gatsania, peonies, lilies, irises, violets, cannes, geraniums, anthurium. When detecting pests, Campanula must be treated with an insecticide, for example:
- "Aktellik" - a drug that acts on the shield and spider mite. Dilute the ampoule with 2 ml of the preparation in 100 ml of water, then add a liter of clean water, stir well, spray the plant, evenly wetting the leaves and shoots, it is recommended to use gloves outdoors or in a balcony.
- "Fitoverm" - against spider mites. Used 2 ml per 1 liter of water. Stir the drug first in 100 ml of water, then add 1 l. Spray the plant 2 times / day with an interval of 10 days before the disappearance of pests. Non-toxic.
Therefore, it is necessary to follow this: paying attention that it began to wither, the stem and root began to rot, an unpleasant smell of rotting appeared, it is necessary to urgently save the plant, otherwise it will die.
It is necessary to remove all the old land, the rotten parts of the flower, plant the campanula in the new soil and watch the irrigation more carefully.
Transplant: selection of pot and soil
Some experienced growers recommend relocate campanula only when she is already very closely in the pot - the flower does not like frequent transplants. But nevertheless, you need to transplant a campanula to a larger pot size - this will ensure a comfortable and active growth.
The soil should be used loose, you can make a mixture or buy ready-made, it consists of sand, humus, peat and leaf earth.
A transplant consists of the following steps:
- In the new pot need to make holes if they are missing. Pour a layer of drainage - it can be expanded clay approximately 2-3 cm, depending on the size of the pot.
- To fill the clay with earth and carefully, without damaging the roots of the plant, transplant it, fill the missing part of the ground.
Did you know?Biologists have about 300 species of campanula, but at home it is possible to grow only a few species.