It’s time to sow cucumbers, but you don’t know on which sort to stop, so that there is a good harvest and the bush is not exposed to diseases? We offer to pay attention to the Buyan F1 variety cucumbers, which are distinguished by a high degree of yield. Consider the characteristics of this vegetable culture, especially the cultivation and care, as well as feedback from experienced gardeners.
Cucumber Buyan F1 - parthenocarpic hybrid. Bred this variety Russian breeders. A powerful plant is characterized by medium branching, lateral shoots develop poorly due to the large number of ovaries on the central stem. On one knot can be tied up to 7 cucumbers. With proper care, they all mature completely. The leaves of the plant are green, smooth, medium in size. Female type of flowering prevails, therefore it can be pollinated without insects. This allows you to grow this variety of cucumbers in protected ground (greenhouse, greenhouse).
Early ripe greens grow as if on selection: all of the same shape and size (up to 10 cm). The weight of a cucumber reaches 100 grams. The skin is thin and delicate, with the presence of large tubercles. The flesh of the fruit is dense, juicy and fragrant. Ripe cucumbers are delicious, without bitterness.
The growing season is 45-50 days. Under suitable climatic conditions, the plant abundantly fruits until frost. Productivity - 12-14 kg per sq.m.
It is preferable to grow this type of cucumber in a well-lit area without drafts.
Cucumbers varieties Buyan F1 are a universal vegetable crop. Due to their excellent taste, they are suitable for preparing vitamin salads. And high yields allow them to be harvested for the winter by salting or pickling. Excellent presentation allows you to grow them for sale. Fruits tolerate transportation.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the variety include the following features:
- High and stable yield.
- Early ripeness.
- Short fruit.
- Excellent taste.
- Tuft formation of ovaries.
- Endurance to temperature and humidity.
- High marketability, as can be seen by viewing the photo of the fruit.
- Resistant to such diseases as powdery mildew, brown spotting, borage mosaic and kladosporioz.
Analyzing reviews of gardeners about the variety Buyan F1 cucumber, we found the only negative - the bush is poorly resistant to such a disease as peronosporiosis.
Seeds of this variety are of the same size, distinguished by good germination and intensive germination in the soil. Plant cucumbers in two ways: direct sowing and seedlings. Let us dwell on each of them in detail.
Start planting seeds in the beds should be in the second decade of May. As a rule, seeds of this variety are filled with fungicides before packaging in sachets. This protects seedlings from fungal infection. If untreated seeds come across to you, do the processing yourself. Prepare a 1% solution of potassium permanganate and immerse the seeds in it. Then soak them for about 20 minutes in warm water.
Select large full-weighted seeds, empty for sowing are not suitable. You can sow them immediately after processing, or leave for germination for two days, placing them in wet sawdust. Close up cucumber seeds to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. If you are sowing in the wells, place two seeds each. This will allow rejection of weak shoots. When sowing seeds in rows, keep the distance between grains of 8-10 cm, and between rows - 50-60 cm.
Before the emergence of seedlings bed should be covered with a film. Thick crops need to be thinned, while leaving the strongest sprouts.
In this way, cucumbers are grown in order to obtain an early harvest. Seedlings can be grown both in the house and in the greenhouse. To obtain healthy and strong seedlings need to perform a set of agrotechnical measures, namely:
- Before sowing the seeds should be processed.
- Use a special land mix for seedlings or cook it yourself. To do this, mix one part of the sand and peat and two parts of the garden soil.
- To produce heat treatment independently prepared soil mixture.
- Seeds should be embedded no more than 1.5 cm deep.
- The optimum temperature for germination is 22-24 C.
- Provide seedlings with a greenhouse effect. To do this, cover the crop with film, which should be removed after germination.
- After opening the cotyledon leaves, young plants are placed in a room with an air temperature of 18 ˚С.
- Do not use sour milk cups. Its bacteria can cause root disease.
To avoid damage to the fragile roots when planting seedlings in open ground, use peat cups.
How to grow and care
Growing cucumbers requires some knowledge. Adhering to the generally accepted rules of care, you will ensure a stable vegetable crop and a high yield:
- Cucumber plants are moisture-loving, so it is very important to water them regularly (2 to 7 times a week, depending on the climate). Do not allow the soil to dry out.
- Once a season you need to feed the bushes with complex fertilizer.
- Before planting seedlings in open ground, it must be hardened. To do this, during the week the plant is kept at a temperature of +16 С.
- When the soil temperature reaches +17, +18 ˚C, you can start planting seedlings on the beds. Plant the plant, and after abundantly water it.
Plant care is the timely weeding of weeds, loosening the soil for access of oxygen to the root system and abundant watering with warm settled water.
Caring for cucumbers is and in tying shoots plants that need to be carried out regularly - as they grow.
After the formation of 6-7 leaves the main stem of the cucumber is necessary pinch, by this you stimulate the branching of the plant and increase the yield.
Do not forget about the regular collection of fruits (2-3 times a week), it will contribute to a more abundant fruit formation.
Open Field Cucumber Hybrids
Varieties and hybrids of cucumbers every year becomes more and more. At the same time, their composition is significantly updated annually - preference is given to the earliest, well-fructifying, relatively resistant to various diseases.
Open Field Cucumber Hybrids
Remember that all F1 hybrids do not retain their unique properties in the second generation, that is, there is no point in collecting seeds.
Mid-season fruitful bee-pollinating hybrid with a predominantly female type of flowering, relatively cold-resistant, extremely resistant to powdery mildew and downy mildew as well as olive spotting. Grow cucumbers 'Farmer F1' in protected and open ground. Zelenitsa fruit reaches 12 cm. The peculiarity of this hybrid lies in the intensive growth of the main whip and the rapid emergence of lateral shoots, with the growth of which comes the peak of mass fruiting.
A uniquely early hybrid: the ripening of small tuberous fruits begins as early as 45 days after sprouting.
Cucumbers without bitterness are ideal for fresh consumption
Othello F1 crispy cucumbers are distinguished by a pleasant taste (even over-ripe fruits remain sweetish), genetically devoid of bitterness. Fruits can maintain excellent taste and presentation for a long time. Resistant to powdery mildew, cucumber mosaic virus, downy mildew and cladosporia. The hybrid is cultivated not only in the open field, but also in greenhouses, as well as with the use of temporary film shelters.
Medium early hybrid. Used for growing under temporary film shelters and also in open ground. Variety is prone to parthenocarpy, sufficiently resistant to viruses of cucumber mosaic, root rot, pathogens of powdery mildew (real) and cladosporia. The graceful fruits are also devoid of bitterness and differ in excellent taste, ripening as early as 50-55 days after germination.
A rather early and high-yielding hybrid, resistant to stressful conditions and various diseases. Distinctive feminine type of flowering, so good fruit. Cucumbers with large bumps are great for salting.
Early ripe hybrid. Due to the predominantly female type of flowering has high yields. Equally superstable to stressful conditions and diseases. Recommended for cultivation in tunnels and open ground. Fruits - dense pimply cucumbers are characterized by high pickling qualities: they lack bitterness, with small seed chambers. Many growers consider it the best hybrid for canning.
Dense bumpy cucumbers are good for pickles
In addition to the above, are good for growing in open ground and such varieties of cucumbers, such as:
- 'Paris gherkin',
- 'Moscow gherkin'.
Hybrids of cucumbers for protected ground
To make it easier to choose hybrids by quality, we divided them into two groups.
Hybrids of cucumbers for protected ground
In the first place bee-pollinated: to obtain the fruit will require pollination by insects.
Yield fast-ripening hybrid of the gherkin type. Cylindrical fruits are dark green, spinous, absolutely devoid of bitterness, reach a length of 5-10 cm.
Bee pollinated hybrids need pollinating insects
'Octopus F1' is resistant to bacteriosis, cladosporia and is relatively resistant to root rot and downy mildew.
Mid-season hybrid. The length of the main whip is about 3 m, with medium branching. Fruits are cylindrical, with a smooth base, slightly ugly, without bitterness. In one bundle, 3-4 fruits are simultaneously formed, the mass of the greens reaches 100 g.
Early hybrid, partially parthenocarpic. Fruiting occurs already at 45-50 days after shoots appeared. The fruits are cylindrical, rarely tuberous, without bitterness, 13-25 cm long. Up to 25 kg of cucumbers are removed from 1 m².
Parthenocarpic hybrids have got into the second section, which set fruits without insects.
Early: fruiting occurs already at 43-55 days after mass shoots. Cereals are large-celled, cylindrical in shape, 20-22 cm long, weighing 150-190 g. Excellent taste (without bitterness), suitable for both fresh use and canning. It is characterized by complex resistance to ascochytosis, powdery mildew, brown spot and peronospora.
Self-pollinating early super-productive hybrid. With the right agrotechnology with 1 m², you can get over 25 kg of gherkins of excellent quality: the fruits are not bitter, they are stored for a long time.
Partenocarpic hybrids do not need to be pollinated by insects.
It is characterized by a long period of fruiting, in addition, it is resistant to diseases, and also tolerates stressful conditions quite easily. Gives the most stable yields under film. It can grow well not only in the open field, but also on the balcony or window sill.
Recently bred early self-pollinating hybrid. It differs mainly in female type of flowering, that is, it gives a lot of cucumbers: the fruits are finely foamed, with elastic flesh. Resistant to 'Patti F1' and to various diseases.
About Dutch Cucumber Hector
On the cucumber Hector F1 reviews and description of summer residents tell reliably:
- The plant belongs to the parthenocarpic type of vegetable.
- Bushes with dark green leaves reaches a height of seventy centimeters.
- Zelentsy grows in length to nine or thirteen centimeters, appearing thirty days after germination.
- Fruits without bitterness, juicy, tasty.
The hybrid has high yields. When grown, the vegetable can withstand temperature extremes, is resistant to fungal diseases, viral infections. The density of landings Hector also scary. The seedling is not pulled out, it remains with strong stems. And if you plant it in a greenhouse, the fruits will appear earlier in the week.
After collecting the greenberries, they can be transported without loss while maintaining an excellent appearance.
The hybrid gives fruit in time and in an open ground, and under a film. Cucumber seeds sprout a hundred percent. When sown in May at the end of June, the fruits reach maturity.
For cultivation in the Moscow region, Buyan cucumber is bred, whose yield is up to nine kilograms from one square meter of planting. This is one of the best hybrids resistant to powdery mildew, false and true, the cucumber mosaic virus.
It is not necessary to pollinate the plant, since it is of the parthenocarpic type, that is, it has more female flowers than male ones.
A bush with medium branching takes root well in open ground. Cucumber Buyan F1 quickly passes the growing season where there is a lot of light. Growing it requires the following:
- the placement of vegetable seedlings in the greenhouse - two or three bushes per square meter, up to four garden beds,
- watering parthenkarpikov warm water
- shrub formation in one or two stalks,
- every two weeks of organic or mineral fertilizer.
Demanding variety to the composition of the soil. The soil for the plant should be loose, nutritious, neutral in acidity.
Sweet gherkins get from the early hybrid Baby. Dark green cucumbers ten centimeters long, with tubercles on a thin skin, not bitter. Thanks to juiciness and tenderness, they are suitable for summer salads. And in canned form they are consumed with pleasure. Cucumber Baby receives only positive feedback from summer residents. Zelentsy do not turn yellow for ten days after harvest, tolerate transportation.
The only problem in growing a hybrid in a greenhouse is the organization of pollination of female flowers by bees. For the variety is important regular watering, the organization of feeding.
Ultra early variety
The first among the vegetables is a cucumber Nadezhda F1. The hybrid is suitable for planting in central areas. Fruits of a grade have such features as:
- seventy grams,
- oval shape
- tubercles and black pubescence,
- the pulp is juicy and dense,
- thin dark green skin.
A bee-pollinating variety is selected for cultivation on farmer's fields. Such determinant cucumber varieties are easy to treat with agricultural machines.
Enjoy a delicious crunchy cucumber everyone does not mind as soon as possible. Therefore, cottagers are advised to choose a parthenocarpic Grasshopper for planting. Externally similar to spindles, green leaves appear after it 39-42 days after germination. Medium-sized fruit, slightly pubescent, suitable for cutting, summer salads, pickles and pickling.
Hybrid Grasshopper F1 happy high yields. From one square meter collect from ten to fourteen kilograms of crunchy greens.
Ideal varieties for industrial vegetable production
Farmers choose to grow in the fields such vegetable varieties that are convenient and easy to care for. It is important that the plants are resistant to disease, tolerate drought. Considerable attention is paid to the description of the variety. Here the role is played by the ability of the Zelentsi not to turn yellow, to maintain a marketable state for a long time, to transfer transportation.
Cappuccino F1 has such qualities. Note:
- early ripeness of the variety
- disease resistance
- attribution to parthenocarpic species that do not need pollination,
- universality in application.
Collect the fruits of the hybrid in July when sown in May. Srednerosly plant gives from one bush to four or five pounds of green.
Cucumbers Pure ponds have long been popular among vegetable growers. Fragrant fruit weighing over one hundred grams appear on the fortieth day after germination. Oval fruit cucumber varieties Chistye Prudy is loved for the safety of the presentation. You can meet the hybrid Chistye Prudy F1 not only in small farmsteads, but also in the fields.
Advantages of hybrids
Cucumber hybrids have firmly conquered the market. Despite the fact that it is impossible to take seeds from them, summer residents like to grow vegetables of a hybrid type. They do not need pollination. Parthenocarpic types of vegetables are suitable for greenhouses so as not to suffer from the transfer of pollen. Yes, and insects do not always get into the room, you have to put bait for them.
Gherkins are popular with many, as they are convenient to preserve.
The characteristic of early-ripening cucumbers is the highest, and all because they are used for summer salads.
Hybrids for sale must have an excellent presentation, transportability.
Varietal types of vegetables are becoming a thing of the past, giving way to plants that:
- resistant to disease
- do not fall ill during the growing season,
- have juicy, without bitterness pulp,
- do not outgrow or turn yellow,
- bear fruit early.
Many of the hybrids cross each other, and therefore there are similar plants in their quality and characteristics.
What is the difference between hybrids from each other?
Among the variety of hybrid varieties distinguish those that differ in the type of pollination. For parthenocarpic, it is not needed, and in the pollinated species, the transfer of pollen is carried out by insects.
The surface of many fruits are covered with tubercles with black or white thorns.
The cucumbers are little different in color, only in shades of dark or light green, or white stripes.
When choosing seeds, pay attention to early hybrids of the female type of flowering. The external characteristics of the fruit are not so important.