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Planting and maintenance of prince-shaped apricot varieties March March


Hello, my readers! For a long time it was believed that only half-wild apricot varieties with oblong sourish fruits could be grown on the territory of Russia and Ukraine, and it was also problematic to harvest a decent crop from them.

However, thanks to the achievements of breeding, an excellent alternative has appeared - small and elegant columnar apricot varieties. Most importantly, they occupy much less space on the plot than regular varieties, due to the particular shape of the crown, and in the fall a rich harvest is collected from each tree. It is also very pleasant that planting and caring for a colonic apricot is simple and does not require special tricks.


  1. Features planting colloid apricots
  2. How to conduct pruning
  3. Colony Apricot Varieties

The trees have a kolonovidnogo type strong straight trunk, from which depart short side branches. The krone, thus, reminds a column, whence the name has gone. For our locality, such trees look very unusual - short stature, elongated crown, it would seem, there is nothing at all except for the trunk and leaves. However, if you follow the simple rules of planting and care, and, most importantly, trimming, then in the fall this tree will delight you with an excellent harvest.

Features planting colloid apricots

  • Place for planting apricot should be prepared individually for each seedling so that all the roots fit freely in the pit,
  • Before planting, you need to add a little potash or fertilizer, mixing them with the ground,
  • It is necessary to take into account that then the ground may slightly settle, which is why the tree will start to grow unevenly, and the water can be leached out during watering,
  • In spite of the fact that the crowns of the columnar trees make it possible to plant them closer to each other, the distance between the seedlings must be at least a meter.

Further care for apricots is quite simple. Top dressing is best done three times during the growing season - suitable fertilizer, slurry, and chicken manure will do. It is better to fertilize flowers from a sapling in the first year, all extra branches should dive immediately and periodically carry out preventive spraying from pests.

If it is not possible to purchase specialized tools, then those that are designed for apple trees will do - this will help keep the tree healthy.

In addition, it is especially important to prune the branches, otherwise the apricot crown will turn from a columnar apricot into a regular spreading one, only the fruits on the branches will be arranged in a special way, resembling a column.

How to conduct pruning

One of the features of apricot and all stone fruit is the high activity of the kidneys - almost all of those who become healthy go into growth. Moreover, the fruits are formed mainly on the branches that grew last year, or on the bouquet branches, spur and other fruit formations. Their lifespan is usually about three years.

As the tree ages, its growth processes are inhibited. Flower buds are formed only on short shoots, and at the end of fruiting, these branches become bare. And because of the short life of the bouquet branches, the older branches become bare. Therefore, apricot adults need to maintain growth processes, and this should be guided by pruning.

Pruning apricot trimming - a very important point. It is best to stick to the bottomless form (see photo), highlighting 5-6 main branches and leaving about 40 cm between them. Adjustment of the crown shape begins from the first year of the plant life.

  • If during planting in the spring the sapling has no branches, it is cut at a height of 80-90 cm.
  • If there are side branches, then two of them are left, if possible those that are directed along the row, and shortened by half.
  • All other branches are cut to the ring. The length of the center conductor should be cut to 20-25 cm longer than the other branches.

In summer, all competitive shoots that are formed at an acute angle are removed. In subsequent years, another 3-4 main branches are selected and trimmed, on which branching will be formed later. The recommended distance between them is 35-40 cm.

For the formation of a beautiful crown you need to make sure that the upper shoots do not overtake the lower ones. If there are extra shoots, they can be shortened, turning into fruit twigs.

Once the desired crown shape is achieved, it will remain to support it. To do this, it is necessary to maintain active growth of the shoots, trimming them by one-third (if the branching of this variety is good) or by half. If the tree grows very quickly, in the summer you can arrange additional pruning, shortening the shoots by half or a quarter, depending on the intensity of growth.

Colony Apricot Varieties

The choice of apricot seedlings must be approached carefully, because it is still a thermophilic plant, and not every variety will be suitable, for example, for the Moscow region and the more northern regions of the country. However, with proper care it is quite realistic.

For example, the colon-like apricot of the Prince March variety is one of the most fruitful. It is early ripe and bears fruit at the beginning of August or even at the end of July, starting from the second year after disembarking on the site. "Prince" does not need a pollinator and has excellent resistance to various diseases and low temperatures.

Reviews of gardeners about this variety are always extremely positive. The crop harvested from 3-5 trees is enough for the average family for food and harvesting. And the seedlings of this variety can really take root even in a cold climate, the main thing is to properly take care of their winter insulation and reliably protect the trunk and roots from mice and other rodents. At first, it is necessary to cover the trees with improvised means (chips, fir branches, or dry straw), and then, if possible, to pile up with snow as soon as it falls.

Due to low growth, the first time seedlings can be kept in a greenhouse or even grown in pots. Since apricots bloom in early spring, during this period it may be necessary to save them from frost. In order not to lose the entire crop, gardeners recommend arranging a smoke screen.

Following these simple tips, you will be able to grow a beautiful apricot orchard on your plot, which will be pleasing to the eye with its appearance, and bring a rich harvest in the autumn!

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Description of the colonic apricot

Apricot "Prince March" a useful tree that has beautiful foliage and serves as a distinctive addition to any yard or garden. "Prince Mart" low tree, reaching only 2 m in height. Flowering occurs in March and April.

Fruits ripen at the end of summer, have a bright orange color with a slight “blush”. The weight of ripe fruits ranges from 30 to 60 g. The leaves can be of various shapes, but always have a pointed tip. The tree has a strong straight trunk, from which short side shoots break through.

What you need to know about planting varieties

"Prince" is usually planted in winter or early spring. In regions with a mild climate, planting in the autumn season is acceptable. Other important points of growing the Prince March variety will be discussed later in the review.

How to choose a place for planting apricot "Prince March"

Successful creation of young fruit trees in your garden should begin with the right choice of planting place. You have to make sure that you create a quality foundation for the future of the plant.

Apricots bloom in early spring. And since late spring frosts are a problem for the tree, "Prince" Not recommended land on high ground. Frost can kill flowers on a tree and almost completely deprive you of the harvest.

In addition, if you plant an apricot in the fall, the winter can be a tough test for the plant. Low temperatures can seriously damage wood.

Plant a tree at a distance of 15 cm from the wall or fence. Avoid places where eggplants, tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, raspberries and strawberries were previously grown. All these cultures can be distributors of verticillous wilting.

Apricot also requires a lot of heat during the summer season. When planting apricots choose sunny place.

Landing pit preparation

The landing pit must be of such size that the roots fit freely in it. The pit should be not only deep, but also wide enough so that the root system can also fit in a straightened form. Collect the excavated layer of earth in a separate pile.

While you are preparing the pit, care must be taken to protect the roots from drying out. Soak the rhizome for 1 or 2 hours in a bath or large water tank. A deep soaking in a solution with fertilizers is also recommended. Such an effective starting dressing will help the tree quickly and grow vigorously.

Scheme of planting varieties "Prince March"

Planting work carried out in the following order:

  1. First of all, prepare the soil. For good growth of apricot requires fertile loamy soil, rich in phosphate and potash fertilizers. Check also the acidity of the soil. Apricots prefer a slightly alkaline soil (pH in the range of 6.08,0).
  2. Plant trees at a distance of about 7 m from each other.
  3. Place the tree in the planting hole, carefully opening the roots.
  4. Cover the pit with earth, avoiding the formation of air pockets. Try to carefully tamp the soil around the roots.
  5. Around the landing pit (above ground level), create a kind of bezel from the ground. This will allow the water to stand and soak.

After 34 years from the moment of planting the apricot tree begins to bear fruit. Be careful when collecting the fruit, so as not to damage their skin and soft structure.

How to water apricot

A lot of problems with apricot "Prince March" may be associated with improper irrigation techniques. Watering your tree too often runs the risk of making it a victim of root rot. In the meantime, inadequate watering can result in shredding of the fruit.

Determine the level of moisture in your soil. Watering is required when the soil 15 cm lower the surface is barely wet. Using a spatula or spade, dig a small hole near the plant. Place a ruler in the hole to determine at what level the soil is barely wet.

If the soil is wet at a level of 15 cm from the surface or below, then it is time to water the plant. Usually this happens once in 1014 days. Factors such as rainfall, drought and other climatic conditions may affect this graph. If you do not want to dig up the earth, you can instead use a moisture meter.

The “prince” needs consistent watering throughout the growing season. Deep watering once a week helps the tree survive the drought. For sandy soil, this is usually about 30 liters of water. If the soil is clay at the base, more water will be needed. In winter and spring, you may have to water only three or four times during each season.

Features feeding colloid apricot, than and how to fertilize the plant

Fertilization is important in the care of the Prince March variety. Apricot trees of this variety need enough nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. Usually they are supplied with these beneficial substances from the soil. Apply a small amount of fertilizer three times during the growing season. A standard commercial fertilizer is suitable as a top dressing.

Important nuances when pruning

Apricot care includes thinning of the shoots. It is better to cut the plant at the end of the winter season or in early spring, when new flowers begin to open. After pruning, the tree will look better and bring more fruit.

Here are the necessary pruning steps freshly planted apricot "Prince March":

  • remove all damaged or broken shoots
  • remove all branches that are within 45 cm from the ground,
  • cut the main trunk to a height of 90 cm
  • remove extra shoots as necessary (branches are considered to be more frequent than occurring in the interval of 15 cm),
  • shorten the remaining side branches by 510 cm in length.

In subsequent years, a strong tree with a solid structure will be easier to prune.

Reproduction of the colony-like apricot of the Prince of March variety

The variety "Prince of March" is propagated by two general methods: seeds and grafting.

Seeds. Seeds are washed and planted immediately. Sometimes the seeds are stored in wet sand in a dark room until autumn, then they are planted in early October. Plant seeds in neutral soil enriched with organic and mineral fertilizers.

A furrow is made in the ridge, it is poured with water and seeds are sown at a depth of about 7 cm. Then the bed is mulched with humus, sawdust or peat. Over the summer, the seedling grows to 1 m. The next winter, seedlings of a columnar apricot are transplanted to a permanent place.

Inoculation In the first or second year of growth, saplings are grafted with a cutting apricot. Vaccination is recommended in April or May. Another variant vaccination at a more mature age. This operation is performed "behind the bark" of individual skeletal shoots. This will speed up fruiting.

"Prince March" - features of the variety

Finally, we consider the merits of apricot "Prince of March", as well as a description of some features of the variety.

"Prince" is among the most productive varieties. Gardeners always speak positively of this early maturing variety. In the autumn from every tree going to a rich harvest.

This apricot has excellent resistance to diseases, pests and low temperatures (up to 30 ° C). Another important advantage of the variety is beautiful flowering. Weak place varieties considered apical bud. When frosting or death of the bud, the tree produces several vertical shoots.

As you can see, caring for the colony-shaped apricot of the Prince of March variety will not require any special tricks from you, and the growing process will not take too long. Colony-shaped apricot trees will add beauty to the landscape of the garden, create a wide shadow and delight you with tasty fruits.

Main characteristics

The tree has a non-standard form of a “column” with small sprigs extending from the trunk. Apricot tree is a close relative of roses and peaches, therefore its flowers of pink or snow-white color are distinguished by aroma and beauty, and bloom itself occurs in the spring months - March and April. The leaves can be of various forms - round, in the form of a heart or an oval, but always have a pointed tip.

In the fleshy fruits of apricot there is one stone with a hard shell, but, often, having an edible core. The ripening period of the fruit falls on August, and the weight of each ripe fruit is from 3 to 19 grams. Ripe fruits, depending on the variety, may have:

  • pale or bright yellow,
  • Orange,
  • white,
  • red,
  • the black,
  • red-orange color.

Colony-like apricot trees can be grown in small gardens. This plant is resistant to pests and diseases. Perhaps, The only drawback of such trees is the specific care:

  • all ovaries should be removed in the very first spring,
  • lateral branches should be trimmed annually.

Variety "Prince Mart"

This apricot tree is frost-resistant (can withstand temperatures down to -35 ° C) and practically not subject to infection by diseases and pests. "Prince Mart" is suitable for growing in central Russia and gives a bountiful harvest. The tree is not high, it grows only up to 2 meters, and taking care of it will not be difficult even for novice gardeners.

Apricot fruits ripen in the second half of August, they have an original taste and bright orange color, with a slight red “blush”. The mass of each fruit varies from 30 to 60 grams. The peculiarity of plant care is the complete cleaning of flowering in the first year. If this requirement is met, it will be possible to enjoy the fruits in the second year of tree growth.

The fruits of "Prince Martha" are tasty fresh - the flesh is sweet, easily separated from the stone, and in processed form - the amazing compote jam, jam, juice and other preparations are made from apricots.

Variety "Star"

This variety has a high resistance to frost, it practically does not get sick and is not subject to the invasion of parasites. "Star" variety can be grown almost everywhere, care for apricot trees is simple, and the crop they give a plentiful and large-fruited.

A feature of this variety are fairly large fruits - by weight, they can reach 100 grams. Apricots have a pleasant sunny yellow color, a delicious aroma and are universal for consumption - they can be eaten fresh, dried, used for preservation.

Plant care is to harvest the flowers in the first year, and the next - in the timely pruning of branches. With proper care of the apricot tree, it will begin to bear fruit in the second year after planting on the site.

Planting apricot in spring

The decorativeness of the trees is the undoubted advantage of colonic varieties of apricot. Planted this type of plant is recommended at a distance of no more than a meter from each other. As a result, the plants will be comfortable, they will bring a substantial harvest, and you will have a beautiful garden.

When planting in spring is required to comply with the following algorithm:

  1. A landing pit is being prepared. Ее размер и глубина должны быть такими, чтобы корни растения там поместились в расправленной виде.Pay attention to the place of inoculation of the seedling - it should be above the ground surface.
  2. Before the seedling is placed in the ground, it is necessary to place phosphate and potash fertilizers in the dug hole, mix them with loose soil and only after that place the plant in the landing site.
  3. It is important to ensure that the apricot grows smoothly, not leaning to the side.
  4. After planting, apricot trees are watered abundantly, but so that the planting hillock does not wash off. Further irrigation is recommended by digging holes near the roots of the tree and flooding them with water.

Planted apricot care

It is necessary to look after saplings regularly. Top dressing is carried out three times during the vegetative period, for this, commercial fertilizer, slurry 1/10, saltpeter or chicken litter (in proportions 1/30) is suitable:

  • the first dressing can be done after disembarkation,
  • the second - how will the first leaves appear (after about 2 weeks),
  • the last - after a similar period (14 days) after the second.

In the first year after planting, care should be taken to clean all the flowers from the seedling in the spring, and then it is necessary to dive extra branches in a timely manner. Preventive spraying against pests can be carried out with preparations intended for apple trees - this will preserve the health of the trees and increase the yield.

The weakest point of apricot colon-shaped trees is the apical bud - in the case of its freezing or death, the plant will produce several vertical shoots. These shoots can be saved. If it is necessary to form a strict column, the shoots are pinched; no more than 3 buds should remain at their base. This action can be repeated next year.

Plants, especially young ones, should be protected from frost. For this purpose fit:

  • shavings,
  • pine spruce branches
  • straw,
  • also, after the snow falls, they can pile up the trees.

What does a plant look like?

At the word “apricot,” someone represents sweet and tasty amber-colored fruits, while the gardener thinks of a spreading tree with many fruits.

Lat Prunus armeniaca

A variety of apricots with a form in the form of a column appeared on the market and in the gardens not very long ago. This invention of breeders is similar to a slender column with a diameter of about 15 centimeters.

The main in this plant is the trunk. It serves as the main feeding artery for the lateral branches extending from it.

The lateral branches of a properly formed tree should not be more than 20 centimeters. All of them are directed upwards at an angle to the main rod.

In height, trees of this type rarely grow no more than 2.5 meters. The standard height for them is 2 meters. In each case, the size depends on the growing conditions and climate.

In a warm climate and fertile land apricot vymahaet under three meters tall. In a more temperate climate, it will stop at around two meters.

In the flowering season, the tree is one whole blooming column. During fruiting, the fruits are located close to the trunk, and therefore they are very convenient to collect.

The successful combination of goodness and beauty in a columnar apricot has been bribed by more than one gardener.

The unusual tree in the form of a column attracts the eyes of interested people. For those who want to grow such a miracle in his garden, you need to know all the pros and cons of this process.

The apricot-column has quite a few advantages.

Small dimensions. Instead of a huge and spreading tree, which occupies half of the garden, you can settle a colon-like apricot in the garden. This plant does not take much space. The vacated space is used for planting flowers, ornamental shrubs and other plants.

Decorative. The alley of flowering apricots in the early spring will delight anyone. And during the period of fruiting, this wealth attracts sweet teeth. The trees are so compact that they are comfortable in the row, not only for them, but also for the almonds. These plants bloom together in early spring before the leaves bloom. This beauty can only envy.

Comfort. This word characterizes a columnar apricot as a tree suitable for growing and harvesting. Next to the path or in the middle of the garden, it allows you to get close and freely pick the fruits you like. The most inaccessible of them are at the height of the outstretched hand. Do not need bulky stairs or ladders.

Fertility. Thanks to the work of breeders, new varieties are not inferior to those in which the gardener is already confident.

But there is a downside to a columnar apricot.

Mandatory pruning. Unlike ordinary apricot, this species must be pruned every spring or autumn. In the spring, it is better to do this in late March or early April, when the trees have not yet begun active sap flow.

It is not recommended to prune at the time of the revival of the tree and the swelling of the kidneys. If there is no time in spring, it is better to postpone this procedure in the fall. After leaf fall, the trees are getting ready for bed, and pruning, even strong, will not do any harm.

For apricot tree you need a special place in the garden. Like the usual apricot, its columnar variety is a bit capricious when choosing a place to plant. But if it is chosen correctly, then gratitude will not be limited in the form of large and tasty fruits.

Before you decide to land this miracle on the site, you need to realistically assess your capabilities and know the features of cultivation.

Features of growing

Unusual tree and not grown as a simple apricot. Unusual for fruit, and even more stone fruit, some techniques.

Sprigs of apricot, which should not be cut

In the first year after planting, all flowers are removed during flowering. This procedure allows you to divert precious forces and juices for better rooting of the tree.

If you leave the flowers, then, like any living creature, apricot will try its best to give fruit to continue the race. In this case, the roots are left without nutrients. Experienced gardeners do the same when growing roses.

Mandatory annual pruning. A typical apricot does not undergo such a regular procedure.

Cut only sick, weak or extra branches. A colon-like apricot without this procedure will very soon lose its grace and unusual appearance. Pruning for apricots is also needed because a large crop of fruits can break not very flexible long branches. The branches are cut so that they are the same length.

Surface root system. Gardeners are used to the fact that apricot has a main taproot that penetrates very deeply. This property of the plant makes it difficult to transplant.

Cone-shaped apricot has a completely different root. Therefore, the tree can be planted in conditions of not very deep groundwater. Due to the superficial root system, this type of apricot can be grown in large pots.

When using these techniques, apricot will be able to please the gardener with large and tasty fruits in the second or third year.

What does a kolonovidnom apricot

To obtain beautiful trees and a good harvest, you must take into account the needs of apricot.

Shine. The more sunlight it reaches the trees, the more it blooms. The sun warms the fruits and gives them the strength to ripen. In this case, even direct sunlight only benefits the apricot.

Draft protection. This condition is also necessary for the health of the green pet. The dimensions of the colonic apricot allow you to place it in the most protected from the wind places. In the lull on the south side of the house he will be very comfortable. Sometimes between buildings on the site formed a corner of calm. It is quite small, but its size will be enough to arrange the housing for an experimental apricot there.

Frost protection. In the first year, the apricot column needs protection from the winter frost. For this tree, not so much frost as temperature drops. Spruce spruce can become protection from frost and rodents for the first winter.

The tree is not large and it is quite possible to overlay it with fir branches and wind them with string. It is strictly prohibited to use film or other covering material as a protective material. Such a shelter is detrimental to wood, because it makes it difficult to breath and leads to decay.

Proper fit. Having planted an apricot incorrectly, the gardener immediately condemns him to death. Do not allow the vaccination site to be at ground level or in the ground. The soil should end where the first roots begin. The pit for planting a colonous apricot is prepared in advance. This is done to ensure that the soil settles before planting and the graft does not fall when the land subsides.

Fertile soil. To plant an apricot, it is necessary to prepare a soil mixture from humus, forest land and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. Instead of forest land, you can use the purchased land in packages.

But it is better to still go to the forest and collect land from under the oak, aspen or larch. Land under the spruce tree for planting is not suitable because of its high acidity.

Feeding. Grow a healthy and strong tree can be subject to regular fertilizing. The first feeding is made when laying the pit. AVA long-acting fertilizer or Diamophos universal mineral fertilizer is added to the prepared mixture for planting. In this year for the tree fertilizing is no longer required. In the future for apricot produced three dressings per season.

In the spring, as soon as the soil thaws. At this time, a complex mineral fertilizer of the type "Fertika" or any other is applied.

After flowering, it is desirable to feed the tree with chicken droppings diluted 1:10.

After removing the fruit, the apricot is fed with nitrogen-free fertilizer, or the soil around the tree is mixed with humus. You can pile up a tree with the same ground later before hibernation.

Water balance. For lush flowering, fruit formation and healthy foliage, the apricot column must be provided with water. Water should not be much. To do this, landing sand is added. It loosens the ground and does not allow water to remain for a long time near the roots. To drain off excess moisture you need to ensure good drainage. As a drainage layer, you can use:

Treatment for diseases and insects. Pests do not like apricot trees. They can temporarily attack aphid, which affects young shoots. One treatment with any drug will be enough to destroy it. Diseases do much more harm. They can affect leaves and fruits. Regular processing of copper sulfate at the very beginning of the season and after flowering provides reliable protection against diseases.

Compliance with all the wishes of apricot - the key to good flowering and a rich harvest.

Apricot loves warmth and sunshine

Sunny-grown apricots

Gardener - regardless of his place of residence is still a very hardworking creation. He certainly wants to grow something special on his plot.

Apricot loves southern areas with mild winters and sunny summers. The more heat and light, the juicier and sweeter the fruits will be.

But residents of the northern regions also do not need to despair. Having picked up a good place and provided the tree with proper care, many exotic lovers collect decent harvests.

The microclimate plays the decisive role in the cultivation of a colonic apricot:

  • Protection from cold winds.
  • Lowland, where cold air enters, is not a place for such a tree.
  • No stagnation of water.

    The harvest depends on compliance with the agrotechnology of apricot cultivation and the conditions of its maintenance.

    For a family of four, four columnar trees of different varieties will suffice. It is necessary for pollination. Apricot flowers are much better perceived by someone else's pollen than their own. The amount of apricots is enough for food and workpieces.

    Apricots feel best in sunny, well-warmed areas so that they can get as much heat as possible during the summer.

    While watching the video, you will learn about the features of apricot.

    It is enough to plant one columnar apricot in your garden, and you want more. Spring pink wave and amber fruits are provided to autumn even in the smallest garden.

    Noticed a mistake? Select it and click Ctrl + Enterto let us know.

    Place of appearance of the variety

    Kolonovidnye varieties of apricots were bred by Russian breeders in the early 20th century. The most common varieties that have been registered are "Prince Mart" and "Star". Despite the large number of advantages, the cultivation of this species is possible only in the southern and central regions of the country, they bear bad fruit at long-term low temperatures.

    Characteristics of the species

    Apricot Kolonovidny has an unusual external shape. Its trunk is presented in the form of a "column" with side branches. The diameter of the pillar is 20 cm, the length of the side branches does not exceed 25 cm. Apricot is related to peach and roses: its flowers are delicate pink or white. The beauty and aroma of such flowers is fascinating. Flowering of colonous varieties occurs in the middle of spring. Most leaves are characterized by a round or oval heart-shaped form; they have a pointed tip on the leaves.

    The fruits are fleshy and have a dense bone, the shell is hard, weighing about 20 grams. Fruiting begins in early August. Fruits may have different color ranges:

  • bright orange or yellow color
  • white or red
  • the black.

    Fruits may have a variety of colors.

    Characteristic "Prince Martha"

    "Prince Mart" refers to the category that can survive low temperatures, down to -35-40 ° C. It is not exposed to diseases and is resistant to the effects of parasites. This variety of apricots is recommended to be grown in the central regions of the country, where it shows high yields.

    "Prince Mart" has a small height of about 2 m. The fruits begin to ripen actively in early August. The fruit is characterized by a bright orange color and a pleasant taste. Individual fruits can reach a weight of 40 g. "Prince Mart" has certain requirements for care. It is important to remove all the flowering in the first year of ripening, the next year you can enjoy delicious fruits.

    Variety refers to the universal varieties. It can be used not only fresh. "Prince Mart" shows excellent indicators of taste, even when canning or processing.

    Apricot "Prince Mart" withstands low temperatures

    Characteristic "Star"

    "Star" apricot is subject to cultivation in any region of the country, it is well experienced low temperatures. Fruit weight can reach a record high of 100 g. The fruit is characterized by yellow color, pleasant taste and versatility in cooking.

    "Star" requires some care. It is important in the first year to remove all the inflorescences, but in each subsequent year should be cut off the top and side shoots. If you fulfill all the requirements for care, you can achieve maximum yield.

    Rules for planting trees

    To apricot pleased you with pleasant fruits in large quantities in the next year, should be planted according to a certain algorithm.

  • First you need to prepare a pit for planting.
  • Add fertilizer from potassium and phosphorus.
  • The seedling should be upright.


    Description, external features

    A new apricot tree has an interesting shape like a column. Short branches depart from a straight trunk, the length of which does not exceed 20 cm. In the south the height of the plant reaches 3 meters, in the middle lane the trees are slightly lower. The buds of white or pink color bloom on them in early spring - in late March or April. Leaves, regardless of shape, sharpen up.

    Apricots of orange, red or yellow color ripen on the side branches. The weight of the fruit depends on the variety, on the conditions of cultivation and care, on average it weighs 20 g, some individuals reach 80 or even 100 grams, but there are also very small berries. Summer residents are happy to plant colony-shaped apricots, because for growth and fruiting the tree needs no more than a square meter. The advantages of varieties include:

    1. An opportunity to preserve fruit for the winter.
    2. Good yield.
    3. Interesting appearance of the plant.

    Fruits appear in the third year, it is easy and convenient to cut them off. Colonlike apricots are immune to many diseases of garden trees. However, not all gardeners know how to form a crown, that it is necessary to cut a plant every year, without this, the culture does not develop normally, few fruits ripen.

    The best varieties of colon apricot

    Scientists did not stop at breeding only one hybrid of horticultural crops, but created several varieties that differ in terms of ripening, color and mass of fruits recommended by the region for growing. The best varieties of apricots for the middle band should be chosen among the columnar trees, which are not afraid of cold winters, easily located on a small plot.

    In order not to take the place of pollinating plants, it is necessary to plant self-bearing hybrids. For Moscow region are great:

    The fruits of Prince Mart varieties ripen by the end of July, already tied on two-year-old trees. Apricot tolerates extreme cold, rarely exposed to disease, does not require additional pollination. With three or four plants, the family will have enough fruit to eat and preserve for the winter. In the northern regions of the variety can be planted in greenhouses, since the height of the tree barely reaches 2 meters. Плоды ярко-оранжевого окраса весят около 60 г.

    Дачники и садоводы Подмосковья с удовольствием выращивают самоплодный абрикос Звездный, радующий урожайностью.

    Although fruits ripen rather late, a whole bucket of juicy and sweet fruits is removed from one compact plant, which differ in:

    • yellow color
    • pulp with a pleasant aroma,
    • thin skin,
    • weighing about 80 grams.

    Trees of Gold variety with a height of more than 2 meters do not die at 33-34 ° C frost. In August, oval-shaped apricots ripen with an unusual pinkish blush. Harvest variety Sunny cultivated in the middle latitudes. It tolerates low temperatures, does not freeze at minus 35 degrees. Golden fruits ripen in August, weigh up to 60 grams, but pollinating plants should be planted next to the apricot.

    The height of the tree is about 2.5 m, but up to 1.5 buckets of fruit are collected from it. Sunny takes root in the penumbra, but the yield in such a place drops significantly. In the Kuban, where the fertile climate and fertile soil, grow any kind of stone fruit.