Strawberries, or garden strawberries, as they are called, are very popular among gardeners all over the world. The strawberry variety Tsaritsa is characterized by unpretentiousness to care and living conditions, besides such berries can boast of large size and excellent taste.
Description strawberry variety queen
Let's start with the description of the berries. Variety of garden strawberries Tsaritsa was bred in Russia, professor and breeding specialist SD Aitzhanova. The plant was born by crossing the strawberries "Venta" and "Red Hotlenta." Learned plant boasts good survival in various conditions. Small bushes are not afraid of frost, drought, heat, most common diseases and pests.
In appearance, the Queen is a low, compact bushes, consisting of dark green leaves of medium size, on which there is no characteristic for the culture of pubescence. Antennae reddish, covered with small hairs. Flowers are fairly large, white, bisexual, appear on the bushes in small quantities.
Fruiting varieties occur at a later date, so it will be possible to pick ripe berries only at the end of June. For many gardeners, this quality plays an important role, because when other bushes stop producing their crops, the Queen will only begin to delight everyone with tasty fruits.Large berries of the queen
With one hectare of landings can be collected up to 13 tons of crop. Berries of medium size (40-50 grams) have the correct conical shape, extended at the base. Strawberries look very appetizing because they are colored bright red.
The fruits are smooth on the outside, and the inside is dense and very juicy. They have a sweet-sour taste and a bright aroma that strongly resembles the smell of wild strawberries. The resulting crop is well suited for transportation and storage. Berries are suitable both for fresh consumption and for various preparations.
Natural growth region
The queen was bred with the harsh Russian climateThat is why this variety is not afraid of frosty winters and tolerates various temperature drops. You can grow both in the south and in the north.
Small bushes are not afraid of summer heat and drought. In winter, under the snow cover, they are able to tolerate frosts down to -40 degrees. Without cover, this mark is significantly reduced (to -20 degrees), so if winter is given a little snowy plant, it is better to cover it additionally.
Advantages and disadvantages
- the berries are large, juicy and very tasty, the tasting score is 4.8 points,
- fruits are universal, suitable for various types of use,
- strawberry tolerates transportation and is stored for a long time,
- unpretentious to care and growing conditions,
- the variety has high frost resistance and easily tolerates drought,
- the bush is not afraid of diseases and pests
- capable of abundant fruit for 4-5 years.
- although the plant is not afraid of colds, it can die with insufficient snow cover, so you need to follow this indicator,
- yields are average, so using varieties for an industrial scale will not bring the desired results.
Planting and care
Before planting a plant, it is necessary to pick up healthy seedlings, from which strong fruit-bearing bushes will be able to grow in the future. Experienced gardeners recommend paying attention to the fact that there are at least 4 healthy leaves on the strawberries, and the length of the roots is not less than 10 centimeters.Strawberries in the garden
In order for the Queen to feel comfortable it is necessary to provide her with all the necessary conditions, which include:
- the landing area should be even and well lit,
- good air circulation is encouraged
- in the neighborhood should not be located high plants, shrubs and trees, as well as solanaceous crops,
- the soil should be drained, light and fertile, loams are suitable for such purposes.
It is recommended to plant the Queen in the beds in the spring, namely in the middle of April. This is due to the fact that during the autumn planting the root system of seedlings will not have time to get stronger before the onset of cold weather. In order to prepare a fertile soil, in the fall six months before planting strawberries, the soil is dug up and the following fertilizers are applied to 1 square meter:
- 2 buckets of mullein or humus,
- 30 grams of wood ash,
- 50 grams of urea.
There are two popular methods for planting plants:
- Tape - for this you need to dig grooves with a depth of 15 centimeters and a width of 40 centimeters. Individual bushes are located at a distance of 20 centimeters from each other,
- When planting seedlings in the hole, the same parameters remain, the only difference is that each bush is planted in a separate hole.
The final stage will be abundant watering and mulching plantings.
Basic rules for the care of berries
In order for the plant to bring a good harvest, it needs proper and high-quality care, which consists of many nuances.
Watering strawberries should be abundant, but not excessive. During flowering, setting and ripening of fruits, the soil is moistened once in 10-12 days, using 2-3 buckets of water for one bush. The rest of the time, the amount of watering is reduced to 1 time in 3 weeks.
After each watering, it is recommended to additionally mulch the planting with peat, straw or dry leaves. Also, do not forget about weeding, loosening and timely removal of excess whiskers.
The fertilizer application is as follows:
- In spring, beds are cleared and nitrogen and mineral fertilizers are applied, which include ash and urea,
- During the flowering of the formation of ovaries, potash fertilizers, iron or manganese are introduced into the soil,
- In the fall, one bucket of humus or half a bucket of peat mixed with the same amount of sawdust is made per square meter. Mineral fertilizers can be added to the fertile mixture.
For additional protection in winter, planting is covered with spruce branches or agrofibre.
The reproduction of the Queen with the help of seeds extremely rarely ends with success, because the resulting plants do not retain the main features of the mother plant, become less stable, and the berries lose their taste and size. In order to obtain seedlings from seeds perform the following steps:
- 2-3 months before planting, the seeds are washed, dried and laid out in a container with sand, then sprinkled with a thin layer of soil,
- the main care will be timely watering.
The most popular vegetative breeding method will be the use of whiskers, that is, processes appearing in adult plants.
- First choose the healthiest mustache, remove the rest,
- The first socket is instilled in the ground, and tended to be like seedlings,
- As soon as the core is formed and 3-4 leafy rosettes of the plant can be divided.
Another way is that an adult, spreading plant is dug out of the ground and divided into several parts, each of which must contain several leaf rosettes and developed roots. The resulting bushes are planted as separate plants.Strawberry seedlings
Features of growing
The queen is considered an unpretentious variety with a good yield, but when growing such a plant, several nuances should be taken into account:
- In rainy and cloudy weather, the amount of watering should be reduced in order to avoid stagnant moisture and decay of the root system,
- With high-quality fertilizer ridges before planting, the first dressings can be applied only in the third year of the plant’s life,
- The berries ripen unevenly, so you need to carefully inspect all the bushes and collect only ripe fruits,
- Experienced gardeners recommend harvesting after the dew comes down,
- With the age of the bush, the berries begin to grow smaller, therefore the plantings are renewed every 4-5 years.
Diseases and pests
Variety Tsaritsa is not subject to the emergence of various kinds of diseases, but pests can easily settle on such a plant. The most dangerous are the larvae of the May beetle and the wireworm, against which the spilling of the soil with an ammonia solution helps.
Also a significant damage can cause a strawberry transparent tick, which can be eliminated with the help of karbofos or special insecticides.
As a preventive measure, you must follow all the rules for the care of strawberries and carry out regular processing with Brodsky liquid or soapy water.
The queen is a very decent variety of strawberries, popular throughout Russia. Its main advantages will be the excellent taste of berries and unpretentiousness to climatic conditions, thanks to which the plant can be grown even in the northern regions.
Description of the variety Tsarina
Strawberry Queen is a medium-tall shrub with a small amount of leaves located on the high petioles. It blooms in late June and early July with large flowers with white petals. The buds are located on solid low peduncles.
The berries have a cone-shaped shape with a thickening towards the stem. The pulp of strawberry is dense, sweet juicy, the surface is glossy. The size of one fruit usually does not exceed 40 grams, but there are specimens reaching 60 grams of weight. The fruits of strawberries in their composition have many nutrients, vitamins and minerals.
The leaves have an oval shape with a sharp end. Their surface is smooth, the structure is ribbed, the pubescence is absent both from the external and from the bottom. Strawberry Tsaritsa flower stalks are low, so when flowering leaves close all the buds.
The variety has good frost resistance readings on the condition of a snowy winter. If the plant finds frost -15 without insulation, the root system dies. Under a good layer of snow, bushes withstand cold temperatures up to - 35 degrees. Also, the strawberry variety Tsaritsa is drought tolerant.
Soil and planting site
When choosing a planting place, it is necessary to take into account the quality of the soil. Strawberries will grow well on light, loose and slightly acidic lands. It is preliminary recommended to check the area for infestation by larvae of the May beetle and other parasites. Also, before planting, you can dig up the area with humus, adding complex fertilizers with nitrogen content. Such a process is recommended to be carried out 1 month before planting the seedlings so that the earth is infused.
The landing site must be in a well-lit area so that the plant receives enough sunlight and the fruits ripen evenly. It is also worth considering the fact that strawberries do not like stagnant water and waterlogging of the soil. Therefore, the place should be on a hill or slope so that rainwater does not accumulate on the site.
If the groundwater is high and clay soils, in this case, make a bed on the bulk mound. It is also recommended to add rice husk or sunflower husk to the ground, this will serve as a good cultivator for ground cover. Photos of properly made beds on a hill can be found in magazines and the Internet.
Strawberry queen for good development, growth and fruiting needs regular watering. Gardeners recommend this process in the early morning or evening when the sun is not very warm. After each watering so that the strawberry horse system gets enough, it is necessary to loosen the soil and remove weeds. At the same time, tools are not close to the bush, so as not to damage.
The variety is drought-resistant, but if there is a shortage of moisture, the yield will be lost. If during flowering bushes do not get enough watering, all the buds will fall. If necessary, you can mulch the land between the bushes, which will retain more moisture for a long time. It also prevents the growth of new weeds, does not allow the earth to overheat from the sun and the fruits remain clean.
At the same time, constant overflow will lead to the rotting of the roots and the death of the whole plant. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil and weather conditions. In the hot period, watering is carried out frequently or as needed, and in the rainy season they are reduced or removed altogether.
To describe the variety of strawberries queen corresponded to what is growing in the garden, it is necessary to regularly apply fertilizer under the bushes. In early spring, with the onset of consistently warm weather, when the first leaves begin to appear on the plant, it is necessary to feed. For this purpose, well-suited dampened humus, which is diluted with a large amount of water in the ratio of 1 to 10. In the autumn period, this process can be repeated.
Preparing for the winter
After all the fruits are collected, proceed to cleaning the bushes. Removed all dry, damaged or lost leaves. You can also carry out a full cut of the upper part of the plant, but this operation is carried out carefully so as not to damage the central part. By the autumn there will be new young and healthy leaves. All varieties tolerate pruning.
Technology breeding strawberry varieties Tsaritsa
The process of breeding strawberries variety Tsaritsa is carried out in two ways: with the help of seeds and whiskers. In this case, in the first case, a large amount of time is required for the bush to reach the required size for normal fruiting. Reproduction with a mustache is guaranteed to give a good harvest from planting in the second year. Seed method is rarely used, mainly when a new variety appears and there is a shortage of seedlings on the market.
The “queen” whiskers have a reddish tint and give a good strong rosette. The leaves are not large, closely green in color, relief toothed, on short petioles. If the seedlings purchased, it is recommended to preview the root system of the bush and the presence of a healthy bud in the outlet. When breeding varieties from their own bushes, only roots are mainly checked.
Having prepared a place, and having purchased or dug up seedlings, you can begin the process of planting. To do this, dig holes at a distance of 50 cm from each other. This distance will allow the bush to grow freely and get enough sunlight. Water each hole. Before planting the root system of strawberries, the Queen is shortened so that the total length does not exceed 8 cm. At the bottom of the depression, a mound is made, and a sapling is placed on top.
The roots should be free to lie in the holes, located on the sides of the mound. During the instillation of the root system, it is necessary to ensure that the soil does not hit the center of the outlet, as it can close a young kidney.
The optimal time for planting seedlings is the spring month or the end of August and the beginning of September. During this period, the sun and the air temperature do not create arid weather, and the young bush will easily take root in a new place.
This strawberry variety grows in the form of a bush, has an average leafiness of green color and a small amount of flowers that are at the level of the bush or under the leaves. Antennae are reddish in color and have many straight hairs.
The berries are medium-large, conical in shape, expanded at the base, weighing about 40 g. They have a smooth surface and rich red color. The flesh is juicy, elastic, has a sweet-sour taste.
Variety refers to frost resistant and it can tolerate temperatures from –25 ° C to –40 ° C under snow, and down to –22 ° C without snow. It is a plant of short daylight. Actively gives a crop of 2–3 years. From one bush can collect up to 3 kg of berries. This variety is resistant to pests, as well as well transported and stored.
How to choose seedlings
People who have been selling seedlings for many years and value their reputation are unlikely to sell bad planting material. Therefore, it is better to purchase plants from trusted suppliers. If this is not possible, pay attention to following signs at the time of buying:
- Leaves should be bright green, with a smooth surface or a light down. Plants with damaged leaves is better not to buy.
- The horn should be about 0.7–0.8 cm in diameter. The thicker it is, the better the harvest.
- Sluggish seedlings should not be acquired. The roots must be moisturized and the core must not be dried.
- A bush should have at least 3 leaves.
- If seedlings are sold with open roots, then pay attention to them. A good plant has a fibrous root system, having a length of at least 7 cm. And the root neck is 0.5 cm in diameter.
When and where to plant the berry
The best time for planting strawberries is considered April May or Aug. Sept. Strawberries "Tsaritsa" well planted on a flat and sunny place. You can also choose a site with a slight slope. If you plant it in a wetland, it will often get sick and give small fruits. Landing is also not recommended for landing, as there will be a lack of moisture.
Permeable, light, and fertile loams are well suited for growing the Tsaritsa variety. It is necessary to add drainage if the soil is dense. It is recommended to bring 0.5 buckets of river sand, 2 buckets of manure, 1 tbsp. l wood ash and 50 g of urea when digging into 1 square. m
Scheme of planting seedlings in open ground
Strawberries are planted in open ground like this:
- Dig holes or ditches, the depth of which is 10–15 cm, and the width is 30–40 cm.
- Рассаду размещают так, чтобы расстояние между кустиками было 18–20 см.
- Корни хорошо расправляют по всей глубине лунки.
- Bush sprinkled with earth.
- Each bush is watered with water, using 2 liters of water.
- Mulch dry grass, sawdust or straw, a layer of 5-10 cm.
Watering, weeding and loosening the soil
Although this variety is resistant to drought, it’s still not worth experimenting. Watering strawberries should be abundant, but not often, using 1 liter of water for each bush. In the heat, water 2-3 times a week, in wet weather - as needed.
Strawberries need to loosen the soil to avoid the appearance of an earthy crust. This is done with a shovel between the rows shallowly so as not to damage the roots. And then, using a smaller garden tool (chopper, hoe, shovel), it is necessary to carry out weeding around the bushes, getting rid of weeds.
Pest and disease treatment
The main pests of the Tsaritsa strawberry are mites, nematodes and weevils. It is best to treat bushes with the help of drugs such as Actellic, Confidor, Akarin. Spraying is carried out in the spring, before flowering. Strawberries are subject to such diseases: gray rot, powdery mildew, white leaf spot. Spraying the plants should be drugs "Skor", "Bayleton", "Topaz".
Trimming whiskers and leaves
Bushes should be trimmed after fruiting. Whiskers and leaves should be trimmed with pruning shears or shears to avoid damage to the roots. Pruning, leave the stems no shorter than 10 cm. Leaves remove damaged, yellow and dry. Antennae remove everything, leaving only the first in a row from the bush for further reproduction. If reproduction will not be carried out in this way, then all mustaches should be trimmed.
How to prepare strawberries for winter
Proper preparation for winter will contribute to good fruit quality and high yields next year. Shrubs should cover for the winter, using straw. Also as a heater you can pour compost or peat under the bushes, which will also serve as fertilizer. Covering strawberries is allowed to fall leaves or corn stalks. And also it is good to use special covering material: spunbond, lutrasil.
"Queen": advantages and disadvantages
Strawberry "Queen" has a lot advantages:
- the variety is resistant to fungal diseases,
- long period of fruiting,
- "The Queen" is drought resistant,
- fruits can withstand transportation well,
- well kept
- in care is unpretentious.
This variety has and limitations:
- productivity in bad weather conditions decreases (low temperature, high humidity),
- rarely used in industry,
- in snowy winters snow retention is necessary.
Description of the variety and photos
This grade bred by Russian breeder, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences - Svetlana Aitzhanova. It is suitable for central Russia: it is resistant to frost, drought, disease and pests.
Queen love for many healing properties:
- it strengthens the memory
- has a rejuvenating effect
- promotes blood purification
- boosts immunity
- strengthens the nervous system, saturates the body with endorphins, lifting the mood.
Characteristics of the berries
- Fruits are symmetrical.
- They are the correct form, bright red, juicy.
- The first are larger than the next.
- The size of the berries varies from 40 to 60 g.
- They taste sweet and sour, not cloying.
- The surface of such fruits is shiny.
- Medium sized shrub, not too spreading.
- The foliage is slightly crumpled, its color is dull, inflorescences are compact.
Care and feeding
To fully care, you must regularly perform:
- weed removal.
As a top dressing a mixture of ash and water will do. Ash taken in the amount of two tablespoons, mixed with a liter of water and wait a day. The resulting solution is watered.
Description of strawberry variety Tsaritsa
- Shrub is medium-sprung, low, medium-leaved.
- The flower is large. white, not twisted. bisexual, multi-flowered inflorescences, of medium size, peduncles of medium length, located at the level of leaves or below.
- The leaves are green, smooth, slightly ribbed, concave, without pubescence, not bright, with blunt cloves. The shape of the middle lobe is obovoid, acute.
- The fruits are wide-conical regular shape, symmetrical. The first are very large, individual specimens reach 60 g, in an average weight of 25-35 g. The color of the flesh is bright red, with full maturity dark red. The skin is shiny, red, seeds not recessed deep, yellow.
- Tasting score 4.8 points, sugar content 9%, acid 0.9%. Taste is pleasant, sweet-sour, many-sided, aroma is average expressed, pleasant.
- Winter hardiness is high, frost resistance is low - in the absence of snow at a temperature below - 15 Generative buds can be damaged. In central Russia, in the northern regions of Belarus, in northeastern Ukraine, it experiences almost no winters in the presence of snow or under covering material.
- The variety has a high drought resistance, resistance to high temperatures.
- Resistance to fungal diseases at a high level, to pests - mites, slugs.
The history of the variety is full of reluctance and curiosities. Too much was said about him, which led to the emergence of seedlings in the people from the heart called KHCH - without a race, without a tribe, a cat in a bag, if anyone knows anything about this abbreviation.
In the photo strawberry variety Tsaritsa - we harvest
By the way, the seedlings were not bad - the gardeners responded, and, laughing, they planted in general good strawberries without a name. The second adventure of the Queen - to her rank began to add the name - If the Covenant, in honor of a similar sort of name. Entrepreneurial businessmen from agribusiness immediately picked up the miss of hapless summer residents and organized a new variety, which unsuccessfully and to this day are looking for more meticulous gardeners. Have you found your Queen?
Differs harmonious taste, the classic form of the fruit - even, with a small amount of substandard, high yield. Recommended for cultivation and zoned for a temperate continental climate, suitable for most regions of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus.
Basics of care
Care of a grade of strawberry the Queen has the features. The seedlings are planted in the ground well filled with nutrients - humus, nitrogen-mineral complex. Despite the high drought tolerance of the Tsarina, sufficient watering is needed for an acceptable harvest. In the southern regions, arid southeastern, it is advisable to organize a drip, as well as with small and medium production, farmers' plantations.
Crop, i.e. mowing for the winter is a big mistake. Eliminate damaged, dried or diseased leaves, setting aside time for the above-ground part to grow back until autumn, so that fruit buds can be laid.
Given the low frost resistance (not to be confused with winter-hardiness!), In the presence of snow in the central region of Russia, it winters in the Moscow region without lunges. In regions with little snow, to the north, it makes sense to cover for the winter with agrofabric, vegetable mulch.
In the spring of planting cleaned of old leaves, make feeding - nitrogen-mineral complex in the form of nitrophos, urea, ash, complex fertilizers. In the flowering phase and ovary, it is rational to carry out foliar fertilizing by the NPK group with an emphasis on potassium, as well as iron, manganese, boron and other trace elements.
After weighing all: reviews, opinions
Judging by the amount of positive qualities and feedback about the strawberry Queen of gardeners, the variety has taken root for a long time. Despite average productivity, the average gardener, not chasing super-volumes and super-profits, liked zoned for a temperate continental climate, unpretentious, drought-resistant. Pleases pleasant taste and perfect shape, symmetrical, without flaws, happy resistance to diseases.
The disadvantages are the need to protect the landings, the organization of snow retention in snowless winters - as mentioned above, low temperatures can be disastrous. Often complain about the average yield - not an intensive type, rarely used in industrial cultivation. Nevertheless, it is widely used in small-scale production and is loved by gardeners for the excellent quality of fruits, decent fees and unpretentiousness. Generous harvest - let her indulge in royally luxurious berries.
Description varieties with photos
The queen belongs to a short daylight variety. Mid-season and high-yielding strawberries. The period of fruiting is June. For the next harvest, fruit buds are laid closer to the fall. The variety is remontant and a warm autumn gives a small harvest before the first frost.
It is resistant to drought and frost. When the snow covers the bushes withstand temperatures down to -40 degrees, without snow the plants tolerate -15 degrees. Heat and drought plant tolerates easily. Strawberries are not affected by pests and diseases.
Bushes are medium in size, medium-leaved and medium-sprawling. The leaves are concave, slightly ribbed, smooth, green, not bright, without pubescence and blunt cloves. The average proportion of acute, inverted egg-shaped.
Inflorescences neat, small, many-flowered. Flowers are large, bisexual. Peduncles are placed on the same level or under the leaves, the length is average. The berries are medium in size. At the first harvest, the weight reaches 60 grams, and in autumn the berries become shallow and weigh an average of 35 grams.
The shape is cone-shaped, symmetrical, the upper part of the berry is wide. The color saturation of the berries varies from red to dark burgundy. The skin is smooth and shiny. Yellow seeds, not deeply recessed. Berries are dense, juicy and elastic. The taste is sweet and sour. The aroma is moderately expressed, pleasant. The flesh is red.
The sugar content in the berry is 9 percent, the acid is less than 1 percent. Strawberry tasting score Tsaritsa 4.8 points.
In private households, with good care, about 2.5 kilograms are removed from 1 meter. From 1 hectare in industrial production it is possible to collect up to 130 kilograms of berries. The number of non-standard fruits is minimal.
For gardeners who do not have enough time for constant care of strawberries, the Tsaritsa variety is ideal. An unpretentious and drought-resistant variety does not require much attention, but at the time it gives a tasty, fragrant crop.
The harvest of this variety is not so high, but the simplicity and size of the fruit compensate for this drawback. From 1 meter I take about 2.5 kilograms of berries. The quality of the fruit is very good. Berries are suitable for winter preparations, pies, compotes, jellies. Fresh, it can be eaten in unlimited quantities (if there are no contraindications).