This delicate and elegant flower is the decoration of any garden and is not at all as capricious as it seems. Even living in Siberia, you can successfully grow gladioli, observing the rules of planting and care.
Gladiolus in Brief
Gladiolus (Spike Root) is a perennial plant belonging to the iris family. The highest specimens reach one and a half meters in height. A wide variety of varieties covers almost all colors - from snow-white to almost black, including greenish shades. It grows well and blooms in sunny areas. The plant is propagated by corms. The annual onion planted in the spring is completely exhausted and dies out of the season. At this point, up to three replacement bulbs with small children are formed.
For the cultivation of gladiolus in Siberia, varieties with an early or medium flowering period are suitable for the bulbs to mature.
Site selection and soil preparation for gladioli
The best on the site will be a sunny place on the south side, protected from cold winds and without stagnation of groundwater. A good protection against wind can serve as a fence, a wall of a house or a trellis with climbing plants. These flowers do not tolerate swampy lowlands. If the plot is low, under the gladiolus you need to make a high bed with drainage. Spring preparation of gladioli for planting in Siberia begins in the fall. The selected area is dug up, freeing from weeds, and adding fertilizer:
- phosphoric, potash,
- rotted manure or compost.
For heavy clay soils, add sand.
All fertilizers are applied deeply, since the root system of gladioli forms two tiers and goes to a depth of 30-40 cm.
Spring preparation of corms and germination
The timing of planting gladioli in Siberia may shift depending on your region and location. Need to focus on the temperature of the soil. By the time of planting, it should dry out and warm up to 10-15 degrees. This usually happens in the first half of May.
A month before the expected date of planting the bulbs should be prepared:
- get from storage and clean from dry shells,
- carefully inspect and reject dry and sick,
- process bulbs with potassium permanganate and any antifungal medication - “Maxim”, “Fundazol”,
- for earlier flowering, you can soak the bulbs in growth stimulants - "Epin", "Energen".
When gladiolus bulbs are decontaminated, they can begin to germinate. In the conditions of Siberia, this procedure will help to achieve earlier flowering and successful maturation of planting material. For germination suitable warm bright room with moderate humidity. Tubers laid ground down in a single layer. For 10-15 days they must appear escape.
If for 2 weeks the shoots did not appear, the planting material is not suitable for planting.
How to grow gladioli seedlings
If the variety does not differ in early terms of flowering, the flower can be grown seedling method. In the conditions of Siberia, gladioli for sprouting on seedlings should be taken at the end of winter, at a time when sowing of peppers and eggplants usually begins. After preparation, the tubers are planted in boxes with fertile soil to a depth of 1-1.5 cm. The earth is kept moderately moist. Boxes put in a warm lighted place. At the time of landing in the ground seedlings should have a developed root system and several leaves.
Planting gladioli in the ground
The spring planting of gladioli in open ground in Siberia coincides with the time when the soil warms up to 8-10 degrees and there is no likelihood of night frost.
Replacing bulbs and babies dug in the fall are suitable for planting. Gladiolus can be planted in the furrows or nesting method in flowerbeds. The bulbs are put on a handful of dry sand, to a depth of 5-8 cm, the distance between them in the row should be 10-15 cm, and between the rows - 25-30. Children are planted to a depth of 3-4 cm, making intervals of 2-3 cm. They are pre-soaked for 24 hours in warm water. After planting, the wells are watered with warm water.
Peduncles in babies should be cut off to get a large commodity bulb in the fall.
Proper planting and competent care for gladioli will provide even in severe Siberian conditions powerful growth and abundant blooms.
Before the emergence of seedlings, the tubers should be watered very moderately and carefully so that the earth does not become compacted. After the first sprouts appear, watering is increased. Watering is better not under the root, but in the grooves nearby. The soil under the flowers is regularly loosened, in order to get air to the roots, and weeds are removed. After the appearance of peduncles, tall varieties are necessarily tied to pegs.
Pest and disease protection
Gladioli are susceptible to fungal diseases and damage to thrips. The correct preparation of planting material, competent care and timely spraying of plants reduces the likelihood of fungal diseases. Sick specimens should be removed from the garden along with a clod of earth; this place should be shed with any fungicide, then spray the remaining healthy bushes with it.
From thrips help the treatment of such drugs as "Decis", "Iskra", "Aktellik", "Fufanon."
Disease prevention consists of moderate watering, unplanted planting and removal of weeds.
Collection and storage of planting material
Gather bulbs and babies for storage in the fall, before the onset of frost. It is believed that they fully matured 35 days after flowering. Plants gently dig a shovel or pitchfork, trying not to hurt. After digging, shake off the ground and trim the stem. After that, the tubers are laid out to dry.
In the apartment they can be stored in the refrigerator, wrapped in several layers of newspapers and a plastic bag. In the package you need to make holes for ventilation. Also planting material can be stored in a dry and clean cellar.
Thus, following these simple rules of planting and care, even in Siberia, gladioli can be grown. A few early varieties with different flowering periods will delight a skilled gardener for almost the entire summer.
How to adapt gladiolus to the Siberian climate
Gladiolus breeder from Siberia, Boris Krasheninnikov, who has been cultivating these beautifully flowering plants from the iris family for over 20 years, gives advice on how to adapt flowers to the harsh Siberian climate. He grows a newly acquired variety of plants from the kids. From the strongest specimens of flowers, he once again takes the largest and healthiest children and from them grows flowers again. At the same time, that the kids were formed larger, the breeder does not allow the gladiolus to bloom. The bulb of the third generation, according to the breeder, is already adapted to the Siberian conditions.
Such work requires gardeners patience and perseverance, therefore it is not suitable for those who want to get everything at once.
Since the Siberian summer is short, and spring and autumn pass almost unnoticed, for growing here it is better to use the early varieties of gladioli, so that the onion has time to ripen. However, for Krasheninnikov cultivation and late varieties under force. He advises planting gladioli of late varieties into the open ground well-bred at home for 2-3 weeks.
Agrotechnics cultivation of gladioli in Siberia
To grow gladioli with abundant and large flowers, you need to carefully prepare not only the planting material, but also the soil for their planting. Well-fertilized soil is suitable for these colors. Therefore, experienced gladioladovodi recommend since the fall deep, about 40 cm, to dig up the area under the flowers with the simultaneous introduction of humus into the soil (15 kg per 1 sq. M) and phosphorus-potassium fertilizer (40 g per 1 sq. M).
In the spring, the area for gladiolus should be thoroughly loosened and nitrogen fertilizers applied (30 g per 1 sq. M).
When to get gladioli from winter storage? Siberian flower growers are advised to do this a month before planting, that is, at the end of April and beginning of May. Corms transferred to a room with a temperature of about 20 ° C and cleaned from the husk. For planting you need to choose undamaged, strong bulbs with a smooth surface.
Before planting corms must be disinfected. To do this, they need to hold for several hours (or a day) in a raspberry solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate). A week before the gladiolus bulbs are planted in the ground, you can put them on a tray with wet rags or sacking (water should be poured as it evaporates). Thus, small roots form on the bottom of the corms, and the bulbs begin to germinate faster.
Landing is done in late May and early June. Although at this time the land is already deeply heated, there may still be unexpected frosts. To protect against the cold, plant the bulbs should be deep enough - 15-20 cm. From above, the soil can also be mulched.
You can not plant bulbs of gladioli in a very wet ground, because they can rot and not germinate.
Caring for the sprouts emerging from the ground consists in loosening and wetting the soil, removing weeds. When the second sheet appears, you need to feed the plant every 1.5 weeks. To do this, diluted 1:20 infusion of chicken droppings will do. At this time, making a mullein is not worth it, because it contains a lot of nitrogen. It may harm the stalk. It will become soft and will not be able to withstand heavy ears of flowers.
When planting gladioli in Siberia in the spring
The planting dates of these flowers are directly dependent on weather conditions and shift depending on how the spring goes. The soil for planting the bulbs should warm up a little, otherwise the flowering will have to wait a very long time or you can not wait at all, because frosts may come to this region in August.
Therefore, it is considered that planting tubers should be carried out from 1 to 15 May. But you need to navigate according to the weather and weather forecasts, as there are May frosts in Siberia, although rarely enough. The temperature of the soil at a depth of 10 cm at the time of planting the bulbs should not be below +10 degrees.
Choosing a landing site
Of great importance is the place on which gladioli will grow. It should certainly be well lit and sunny. It is desirable that it be protected from wind and drafts.
The ideal soil for planting these flowers is chernozem, but if it is not possible to plant them on fertile soil, loamy and sandy substrates will do.
The key to success in the cultivation of gladioli in Siberia is properly organized preparatory work. If you follow the recommendations, large and powerful flowers will certainly adorn your garden, even in difficult climatic conditions.
Experienced gardeners recommend preparing the soil in the fall. To do this, select the lightest and protected from the wind corner on the site and dig it. Then 15 kg of humus per square meter and 40 g of phosphate-potassium fertilizers per 1 sq. M are applied to the soil.
With the onset of spring, the soil is loosened and nitrogen fertilizing is applied at the rate of 30 g per 1 sq. M. After that, the site is considered prepared for planting flowers.
Preparation of bulbs for planting in the spring
The prepared place is only half of the work done, now you need to prepare the material itself for landing. To this end, in the last days of April or the first days of May, the tubers are taken out of storage and left in a room at room temperature (from +19 to +24 degrees). They must be peeled and inspected for any damage.
And another secret of successful cultivation of gladioli in this region lies in the fact that 7-10 days before planting in open ground corm is placed on a pallet with wet sacking or some kind of rags - this will give them the opportunity to release the roots, and then quickly take root on garden bed
Depth of planting pits depends on the size of the bulbs:
- small tubers are planted to a depth of 5-7 cm
- average - by 7-10 cm
- large - 10-15 cm
Gladiolus care is reduced to a number of simple and clear procedures that should be performed regularly, namely:
- Watering - it should be moderate in the springtime, only as the soil dries, and after 3-4 leaves appear on the plants and flower stalks begin to form, its intensity should be increased. For watering 1 square. m beds should be used about 10-15 liters of water.
- The soil around the plants must be periodically loosened and weed plants removed as they occur. This is necessary both from an aesthetic point of view and for the normal and healthy growth of flowers.
- Fertilizers are also an integral part of plant care. Nitrogen supplements make three times during the growing season:
- 4 weeks after landing,
- after 6 to 8 weeks
- at the beginning of flowering.
When to dig and where to store the bulbs in the winter
It's no secret that the bulbs need to have time to mature after flowering, and the warm weather in Siberia does not please with its duration, and winter comes to replace the warm summer. But still, you should not rush to dig up the tubers, if they are deeply planted and covered with a good layer of mulch, they are not afraid of autumn frosts. Experienced growers recommend digging up corms together with young shoots in these climatic conditions no later than the first days of October - by this time they are ripening, and the earth still does not have time to cool too much. A warm day without precipitation is best for the procedure, since after the bulbs are removed from the soil, it is advisable to dry them in the sun for at least a few hours.
Then the bulbs are transferred to a warm, well-ventilated room, and stored there until the shoots are completely dry. After 10-14 days, dried leaves are cut, and the tubers are placed in cardboard or wooden boxes. Store in a dark, dry, cool place at a temperature of from 0 to +8 degrees to the new season.
Features planting gladiolus
The key to the successful planting of this flower, which is also called the sword, is three aspects:
In fact, gladiolus refers to perennial crops, but Russian winters are too severe for them. Tuber dies easily, one has only to freeze the ground. Therefore, caring for flowers as for annuals.
Dig out the bulbs in September-October after flowering. Then put in the basement or cellar.
Council Florists recommend updating part of the bulbs every season.
The average corm size is 5-7 cm. It tends to age: after 3-4 years it becomes flat and onions. Such planting material is easy to replace with new ones - at the base of each tuber there are children that can be germinated. For this they:
- neatly separated from the parent bulb,
- study for diseases
- peel from the husks, while protecting the root tubercle from damage,
- soaked for 1 day in 1% soda solution.
If the varietal affiliation of the flower is valuable for you, you can not use the children, but divide the degenerating bulb into parts. Each must have kidneys and bottom. Slice rubbed with crushed coal. This procedure is performed only before landing.
Collection and storage of gladiolus corms
When breeding bulbs in the first place you need to have a healthy and strong material. If you buy ready-made tubers - carefully review them for damage or disease. Pay attention to the bottom. If it is small, the onion is likely immature.
If you plant young corms from the site, pay attention to the key nuances of their proper collection and storage:
- It is possible to dig out the tubers of the early varieties of gladiolus only 30-40 days later after the withering or cutting of the stem with flowers. For late varieties, the period is 45-50 days.
- Varieties with dark buds are less resistant to cold. Take care of their cleaning - the bill can go on days.
- To collect the tubers, choose dry weather. Leave about 1 cm stalk - it will protect against some pests. Shake off the ground carefully.
- Water wash the tuber from soil residues. Then wipe with a solution of potassium permanganate.
- Spread the bulbs outdoors to dry. You can do this in small bags.
- Put the bulbs in the room and continue drying in this mode: a fortnight at + 20 ° С, then a month at + 22 ° С. From time to time gently turn the planting material. High-quality drying is very important because it prevents the development of fungal infections.
- Take the corms to a dry cellar. Оптимальная температура для их зимнего хранения — +2…3°С.
Внимание! Процедура хранения начинается и заканчивается с сортировки. Поражённые или повреждённые образцы следует выбросить или обработать: зачистить плохие участки и посыпать толчёным углём.
How to germinate gladiolus bulb
The vernalization procedure is not necessary for a flower, but it will definitely help gladiol to better adapt to the soil, grow faster and bloom. In the middle lane and regions with a similar climate, start germination in mid-March:
- Move the corms from the basement to a warm place. In this case, the sun's rays should not fall on them. This will cause too intensive germination, which is not necessary at this stage.
- Keep planting material in this mode for 1.5-2 months until it is time to disembark.
- 2-3 weeks before that, clean the scales from the bulbs. Do not damage the young shoots that may be under it. Cleaning is obligatory, since many harmful microorganisms live in the scales. In addition, sore spots can be opened on the onion.
- 2-3 days before planting, put the corms on wetted napkins. The procedure stimulates the development of roots.
- Immediately before planting, treat the corms with Karbofos, which will protect them from pests.
After all the procedures, some hosts process the corms also in the growth promoter. Cook it, based on the instructions. Planting material is usually kept for 10-12 hours. Tubers are also treated with trace element solutions.
Planting and growing gladiolus is not the easiest process compared to breeding other residents of a flower garden. The procedure begins with the proper collection, winter storage and spring preparation of corms. Genetic and physically healthy planting material will be the key to a beautiful and abundant flowering of the sword.
Beautiful flower gladiolus, giving joy
Gladiolus is one of the brightest flowers, pleasing with rich shades, bulky buds and charming aroma. Flowering plants accounted for the period of late summer-early autumn, but the timing can be adjusted. Proper preparation for planting, especially in regions with a cold climate, will allow flowers to grow in all their glory. But for this you need to know when to plant gladioli for seedlings in the northern regions of the country. In those areas where the soil warms longer, it is necessary to plant gladioli for further seedlings in a special mixture of sawdust and straw.
Varieties of gladioli for the northern regions of the country
There are over 8,000 types of gladioli known today. The most common for growing in northern latitudes are hybrid varieties. Planting material on the label always contains a code denoting the type of plant.
Divide culture into five main groups according to the following criteria:
- dimensions - may be small, large and medium flowers. For small ones, the diameter of the head is 6 cm, for large ones –14-15 cm,
- color - each color has several additional shades,
- petal shape. It can be corrugated, non-crimped, etc.
- flowering period - early, medium, late,
- bulb size - from 1 to 3 cm.
For the northern territories of Russia, there are separate varieties of gladioli, derived from the climatic conditions and low temperatures. Among those:
- "Vista" - the height of the finished plants about 130 cm, variegated shades of flowers,
- "Gagarin's smile" - pink flowers at the edges, the middle is red,
- "Azurro" - a rich red tint, height 100 cm, leaves are thin,
- "Oasis" - lime shade, xiphoid leaves, in height the plant is capable of reaching 140 cm, the heads of flowers are rather large,
- "Sonata" - a low stem (100 cm), purple color, large flowers,
- "Ben Veuto" - 130 cm, flowers of pale pink shade, looks beautiful in the cut form.
When to get gladiolus for germination in Siberia
Flower growers in the northern regions of the country are often interested in what period is better to remove the bulbs from the refrigerator, after storage in the winter.
When to get gladiolus for germination in Siberia, will depend on the storage conditions of the bulbs. When the temperature of the content of the bulbs is +5 ° C, you need to get them from the refrigerator, basement and other rooms where the thermometer does not fall below five, you need much later than at higher storage temperatures.
Professional farmers recommend focusing on daylight hours, namely, its duration. If it exceeds night time, you can begin the process. The lack of sunlight can be compensated by installing artificial lighting in places where the material for planting is kept.
Not taking out the bulbs from the refrigerator in time and neglecting the installation of lighting is fraught with irreversible consequences for future flowers - plants can die. This is due to the loss of nutrients that are inside the bulbs.
When to get gladiolus for germination in the Urals
The middle of March is quite suitable for sprouting seedlings, so for those interested, when to get gladioli for sprouting in the Urals, it is worth saying that it is necessary to adhere to this period.
Gladiolus is considered to be a tropical plant that loves the sun, and therefore beautifully growing in the southern parts of the country. In the Urals, summer is usually short, autumn comes quickly, and the air temperature is not high.
For novice gardeners to grow gladioli in the Urals will not be easy. To avoid problems with the planting of these plants, you need to purchase a special variety of gladioli in advance - the Ural. Then the plants will calmly endure frosts and sudden changes in temperature. Ural hybrid varieties of gladioli must be planted earlier in order for the plants to begin and complete the growing season. Late landing will not allow this. Because you should not believe that it is better to wait for warming and heated soil.
Properly prepared bulbs will please the lush and beautiful flowering in a timely manner. It’s necessary to start preparing gladiolus bulbs in the Urals two weeks before the planned landing.
Recommendations after removing the bulbs from the refrigerator:
- it is good to inspect the planting material for damage, rotting, etc.,
- sort the damaged bulbs from the whole,
- carefully remove the husk,
- for prevention, you can soak the material for planting in the solution of potassium permanganate,
- Spread the plants in clean and dry containers, put in a dry place with access to light.
Thus, preparation of gladioli for early spring planting is carried out. Before planting, the soil is placed in a wood ash solution for approximately five hours.
It is impossible to answer unequivocally when it is possible to land gladioli in open ground. This should be done depending on current climatic conditions. As a rule, in the Urals this is the second half of May. Until this time, the earth will have time to warm up by the sun, and severe frosts threaten the soil.
In June, planting bulbs is too late. Flowers may not bloom at all for this reason. It is desirable that the temperature of the soil at the landing is 15-17 degrees, and in the air it should be at least +18 ° C.
How to care for gladioli in the north
Beautiful flowers require proper care. It is necessary to create suitable conditions for their growth in order to see lush flowers in due time. We need to adhere to the following rules for flower care:
- timely weeding - it is necessary to inspect the plant regularly, remove weeds,
- Mandatory watering every week. Enough once - you need to water carefully, without touching the leaves and flowers,
- it is necessary to loosen the soil raw so that the crust does not appear,
- because of its height, the plant must be tied to supports, otherwise it may break and fall in bad weather,
- feed costs high-quality fertilizers purchased in specialized gardening shops,
- dried flowers must be constantly cleaned, so they will not spoil the overall decorative appearance.
In Siberia, the continental climate also prevails. Temperature variations here are frequent. In summer, during the daytime, the thermometer may reach +30 ° C, and at night it may drop to +7 ° C.
Breeders from this region of Russia also developed special Siberian species that will delight in flowering in the conditions of a short summer period.
The main feature of growing these flowers in Siberia is taking into account the climate of these places. The soil here also has distinctive features that will differ among themselves in different regions of Siberia.
The soil must be well drained before planting. Excessive moisture can damage bulbs, while being the ideal medium for fungal damage. It is in Siberia that there is an increased level of humidity. By giving the soil extra attention before planting, you will ensure success in growing these plants.
For a large amount of time the flower has gone through many changes, improving the shape, color, size. However, the resistance to various lesions was not given enough attention. Any organic matter as a fertilizer should be applied carefully, plants prefer non-acidic soil.
Fresh manure can result in plant infections. Digging flowers in the fall, humus needs to be applied in a rotted form as a fertilizer. Chlorine is harmful to tubers, bulbs and flowers, so you need to ensure that it is not in the content of the soil.
In spring, the soil is loosened, making the hole deeper (3-5 cm). Deeply excavated soil in a difficult Siberian climate makes it possible to accelerate the heating of the soil. At this time it is worth making fertilizer. Before planting, the soil should be slightly moistened.
From pests, slugs, insects, the soil is also better treated. When planting plants, it is necessary to comply with the stipulated schemes - so the plants will be more resistant to attack by pests and diseases.
Temperature and light when planting gladioli in Siberia
The thermometer indicators in + 18-25 ° С in air and +10 ° С in soil are well suited for the growth of gladioli. In most cases it is better to plant flowers in Siberia in the middle of May. Rainfall is unfavorable for gladioli, dry weather is easier tolerated. Dampness is a great danger. Autumn need to dig up the bulbs before the rain.
Planting, growing, caring for gladioli
Vegetation takes place after a full spring forcing and lasts about five months. Certain areas of Siberia at this time may already be characterized by cooling, especially at night. The peak of flowering plants occurs in late July-early August. Because weather conditions can interfere with flowering.
Opened inflorescences will continue to delight lovers of flora in the house. They look great in a vase, cut off, decorating the space.
Gladioli are often the object of design ideas. Florists use them to decorate rooms, hairstyles, festive places and create flower arrangements. Due to the variety of colors, dense stem and volumetric head, the flowers look beautiful, gentle, and sophisticated in any place.
Agronomists advise to dig out tuberous bulbs and “babies” six weeks after the end of flowering. It is somewhat more difficult to store planting material in Siberia than in other regions.
Seedling and open soil
Spring forcing the bulbs and planting them in open soil in the last month of spring is the easiest way to grow flowers.
The seedling method of planting plants provides timely vegetation in summer. A gardener will be able to harvest bulbs before the onset of the rainy season and dampness, and most importantly - the famous Siberian frosts.
Healthy seedlings are impossible without prepared soil. For bulbs, you need to prepare a special container. Planting of corms of large and small sizes should be carried out with strict observance of the recommendations of agronomists. Prepared bulbs are planted in open ground.
If you delay planting in open ground, it will adversely affect the roots, which, at this stage, begin to grow. The bulbs planted later than the established period will not allow the plants to bloom. The forcing of the tuberous bulbs should occur in conjunction with sufficient light order.
The rest of the agronomic regulations will be the same as for the cultivation of gladioli in other regions of the country.
You can grow plants not only in the garden in the beds and flower beds. Flowers feel great in pots, while caring and planting are much easier and faster. When warming, planted in large vases / pots, flowers are carried out on the street, to decorate house territories, estates, grounds, cafes.
Under northern temperatures, greenhouses and greenhouse zones can become an alternative to the cultivation of gladioli. The opened flowers in this case can be observed already in the beginning of spring or autumn. In greenhouses, plants are often grown by professional agronomists. This is done for commercial purposes - for the sale of cut or plant bulbs.
When growing gladiolus indoors, you need to air them regularly. Increased moisture provokes the reproduction of the fungus - do not forget about it. Larger flower bulbs begin flowering before their small and medium counterparts.
Breeders today are engaged in breeding more and more new varieties of gladiolus hybrids. Some of them are really resistant to low temperatures and other features of the climate.
The abilities and qualities of gladiolus cultivars for growth are exhausted by a 10-year period under the conditions of full compliance with all cultivation requirements.
Features of the cultivation of gladioli in other areas:
- Preparing gladioli for planting in the spring in the north-west in such Russian cities as St. Petersburg, Pskov, Vologda and others is the best season of the year.
- In Arkhangelsk and other areas, landing is recommended at the beginning of March (in sand or sawdust).
- In the Volga Federal District, it is better to choose mid-March for seedlings.
Before germination apply special mixtures that saturate the soil with nutritious and beneficial elements. The following components are used:
- "Sodium gummat" - 2 g,
- solution of potassium permanganate,
- boric acid,
- succinic acid,
The process of germination of gladiolus tubers is often similar to the process of potato germination. In a bright and dry place is to put "kids." To exclude access of moisture.
If wood chips, straw is used, the use of polyethylene is necessary. In a cellophane bag, air is inhaled and the bulbs are placed. After which he tightly tied, sent to the window sill. Sprinkle no more than 2 cm shavings on the bottom. Onion pre-moistened (slightly moistened) are laid out. After the sprouts reach the top of the bag, they will rest against it, the bag opens. Next bulbs should be regularly provided with watering and care.
You can plant the bulbs in the pot. To do this, wait until the hands reach five centimeters. For each bulb, you must use a separate container. You can take plastic cups. Drainage is lined at the bottom, then the ground is put, the bulbs are planted. You can plant them in quantities of several pieces in a large pot. It is important that while they were not crowded. In this way, gladioli can be grown in indoor conditions by autumn.
Properly planted and properly maintained plants will delight in flowering by the beginning of September, becoming an excellent basis for a bouquet for the day of knowledge or simply decorating the window sill of your room with bright color and fragrance.
How to store bulbs?In order for the gladioli to come up next year, they need properly assemble and store.
So, in mid-September, this plant finally blooms and resets its color. During this period, and begin to assemble the bulbs. For this, the flower is carefully dug out of the soil, after which the planting material is dried at room temperature for about a month.
During storage of gladiolus, to prevent the occurrence of pathogenic bacteria, collected onions should be etched. For these purposes, use the following hot solutions:
- weak solution of potassium permanganate,
Can also use regular hot water. Planting material is lowered into any of these solutions for 20 minutes. Then from the remaining stem of the gladiolus cut the workpiece, carefully dried and removed for storage. If a refrigerator is used for these purposes, the onions are folded into a bag with holes and placed in the vegetable section. Twice a month they should be checked.
When do planting materials get out of the fridge?
Storing bulbs in such a cool place is considered very reliable, allowing them to control their quality throughout this period. It is best to get them out of the refrigerator in the spring for a month and a half before planting gladioli in open ground. Usually 30 - 40 days is enough for the bulbs to sprout and form powerful sprouts with a large supply of nutrients.
After that, gladioli are removed from the covering scales. This is done so that they do not interfere with the arrows sprout. In addition, on the cleaned planting material, rot immediately becomes visible, as well as sore spots. These bulbs need to be eliminated. Если есть небольшие пятнышки поражения фузариозом, такие гладиолусы можно попробовать посадить, но для этого их следует полечить. Острым ножом аккуратно удаляют пораженный участок до здоровой ткани. Срезы посыпают толченым углем, можно активированным, или мажут зеленкой. После того как они подсохнут, болезнь дальше не сможет распространиться.
Before planting, the bulbs are treated in a solution of a fungicide or an insecticide, this is especially true if the flowers in the past year have been sick a lot or have been affected by thrips. You can hold the cleaned planting material for one hour in a solution of such drugs as:
Sprouting gladiolus before plantingAfter all these manipulations, it remains only to germinate the bulbs before they are planted in open ground. It is not necessary to do this, but thanks to this the flowers should bloom early.
When to germinate gladioli? The best period for this is beginning or middle of april. Peeled and trimmed bulbs are laid up with petioles upward in one box in a box and placed in a dry and warm place with diffused sunlight. This will allow planting material to quickly and wildly sprout. Sprouted onions should be planted no later than May 15, which will allow the plants to actively grow and bloom profusely.
LandingWhen planting gladioli, you must follow the necessary recommendations.
The area for their cultivation should be bright and sunny, and the soil - light sandy, rich in humus.
Gladioli are not recommended to be planted in the same place for several years in a row, as over time, pathogenic microflora begins to accumulate in the ground, which can contribute to the development of disease in plants,
Highly harmful plant these flowers next to garden crops, such as:
The depth of planting depends on the size of the bulbs, as well as the type of soil: if the soil is light, then they need to be buried, focusing on four diameters, with heavier soil, planting is carried out with the least depth.
Planting material should be planted at a distance of 15 cm from each other, and the distance between the rows should be 25 cm.
The wells are pre-watered and pour a layer of ordinary or river sand. Dropping a flower in the hole, sprinkle it on top with another layer of sand, and then cover it with earth. After 2 - 3 weeks thereafter, shoots should be expected.
Once the shoots reach a height of 5 cm, the plants are fertilized with a layer of humus. This will protect the flowers from pathogens and moisture retention, which is very important in hot weather.
Water the plants in the morning and evening, and water should be poured in such a way that it does not fall under the stems and root. As soon as the moisture evaporates slightly, it is necessary break the soil around the flower.
Thus, gladiolus bulbs can be stored in the refrigerator in order to plant them again next year. But this must be done correctly so that the planting material does not rot and get sick. Gladiolus for germination should also be taken on time from the refrigerator, in which case the plant blooms much earlier and more abundantly.