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Overseas miracle: Chinese cucumber varieties

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The Chinese miracle is a variety of medium-ripening cucumber, supplied to the market of Russia and Ukraine under various trademarks.

The plants are tall, they do not require special shaping. The leaves are dark green, medium size. Scourge is recommended to place on the grid or trellis, so that cucumbers do not curl.

Fruits are ribbed, large-tuberous at the beginning of growth, become small-tuberous with age. Fruit length - 45 - 55 cm. The skin is dark green, thin, smooth. Pubescence medium density. Thorns are white. The flesh is firm, juicy, crunchy, sweetish, genetically without bitterness. There are few seeds and they are small. The period of fruiting is long - until September.

The variety is salad, but the taste qualities of canned fruits are at a high level. When harvesting for the winter, the fruit, of course, is cut into slices.

This variety is characterized by unpretentiousness, increased cold and heat resistance, resistance to common diseases. Fruits do not outgrow and do not lose their taste when they are not taken on time. However, it is not necessary to delay too much with the cleaning, because over time, cucumbers begin to turn yellow.

The disadvantages include poor resistance to abrupt climate change.

Variety "Chinese miracle"

A rather late variety, ready fruits can be removed from the bush only 60 - 70 days after the first shoots.

The bushes themselves are very long, with powerful roots. The fruits are cylindrical in shape, slightly curved, with a small number of tubercles, long (40–50 cm), sweet, and there is no bitterness in the flesh or to the thin skin.

These cucumbers perfectly tolerate transportation. Suitable for food not only fresh, but also canned. To roll up these vegetables in the jars, simply cut into large pieces. Bushes bear fruit very abundantly, they are not affected by diseases.

Despite the outward eccentricity, the bushes of this variety must begin to grow from seedlings. There is plenty of time for laying seeds, the right time comes from the beginning of March and ends in April. Caring for seedlings is normal, that is, regular watering, planting seedlings, picking in the phase of 1 - 2 leaves.

Depth of seed should be about 3–4 cm. A suitable planting scheme would be 150–40 cm. Transplantation of seedlings is best done at the end of May - beginning of June, so that the earth is warm enough.

This variety is very unpretentious in the care, its bushes a lot of light and heat. Therefore, in areas with a warm climate, these plants can be planted in open ground. Where it is cold, we need greenhouses to grow this variety.

Bushes will be enough regular watering, loosening the soil around them, a small layer of mulch, as well as a few dressings. Since the shoots of the bushes are long enough, it is advisable to carry out the garter of the bushes, which will then facilitate the harvest process.

Grade "White delicacy"

The result of the work of Chinese breeders. The name of the variety comes from the atypical color of the fruit - they are almost white, there is a slight green tint. P

o ripening periods fall under the category of mid-season varieties. On average, 45-50 days pass from the moment of emergence of seedlings to technical maturity of fruits. Bushes take root both in hotbeds and under the open sky. The plants are strong enough

Cucumbers are not particularly long, only 12-15 cm, which is not enough for this variety. Fruits are elongated, conical, with a typical surface for this culture, that is, tuberculate, with great taste.

The peel is very delicate, and the pulp does not taste bitter. The fruits are very tasty not only fresh, but also canned. Productivity makes about 4 kg from one bush. The variety is fairly resistant to diseases.

Shrubs need to start with seedlings, the sowing of seeds to be produced in March. When the seedlings sprout, then the plastic wrap, which should cover the containers with the seeds, should be removed. When 1 - 2 leaves appear on the shoots, the plants should be dived into more spacious containers. Before picking and after the seedlings should be watered and fertilized so that they are sufficiently strengthened before transplanting into the ground.

When the plants reach the age of 30 days, it will be time for transplanting. On the unit area you can land 3 bushes.

This variety excellently withstands the deterioration of weather conditions, temperature fluctuations, changes in air humidity. That is why the bushes are not particularly capricious in the care. In order for the plants to give a decent harvest, it is necessary to water the bushes regularly, feed them, and also try in every possible way to prevent the formation of a crust on the ground.

Vigorous bushes, it is desirable to tie up to the support, then the plants will look much more aesthetically pleasing.

Grade "Chinese Snakes"

Medium early cucumber, which was selected for cultivation in greenhouses. Shrubs of this variety are very powerful, branched, develop rapidly, and also bear fruit for a long time. The fruits are very long (up to 50 cm), in the shape of an arc, dark green in color, with large but rare tubercles and a small seed chamber.

Tastes are simply gorgeous, the fruits are sweet and absolutely not bitter. The density of the fruit is average, the seeds in the flesh are almost invisible, and the bushes are not affected by most of the known cucumber diseases.

Planting seedlings should be carried out presumably 25 - 30 days before planting in the ground. Seedlings can be transplanted to heated greenhouses already at the beginning of May, and to an unheated greenhouse or to open ground only from the end of the specified month.

Seedlings need be sure to diveso that the seedlings are strong enough. You need to sow seeds in the grooves to a depth of 1.5 - 2 cm. On 1 square. meter can prikopat no more than 3 seedlings. The soil for these cucumbers should be fertile, well breathable. In order to increase the access of air to the ground, you can add sawdust or leaves to the ground.

It is necessary to look after bushes of this grade of cucumbers regularly and well. Therefore, in the mode of irrigation should not be any failures, to compensate for the lack of moisture should be regularly as needed, and the water should be warm.

Feed the bushes also should be several times, and it is desirable to combine watering and fertilization, as nutrients in this way will quickly fall into the ground. Attaching shoots to the support or not - is your personal decision. Bushes will live quietly in both cases.

Grade "Emerald Flow"

Hybrid, the fruit of the work of Russian breeders. Mid-season, fruits ripen in 44 - 48 days after sprouting of seedlings. The hybrid is parthenocarpic. Bushes vigorous, but weave poorly. Fruits are long (up to 50 cm), cylindrical in shape, dark green in color, with excellent taste, thin skin, which is covered with large tubercles.

The fruits are quite weighty, gaining up to 200 g of weight. Hence, a lot of harvest - 15 - 18 kg per 1 square. meter Bushes bear fruit very long, sometimes they even need to be covered, as the weather is already deteriorating by that moment. Shrubs of this variety are not subject to powdery mildew, ways to calmly survive the lack of sunlight, as well as lower temperatures.

Sowing seeds for seedlings should be made in mid-April. The capacity for seedlings should be very spacious so that the roots are comfortable and have enough space. Soil is better to take the purchase, as it is enriched with useful trace elements.

To seedlings were strong enough, you need to regularly feed the seedlings. Repotting into the soil is tedious to do after the frosts have passed, but seedlings can be moved to the heated greenhouse even earlier. normal landing pattern - 70x30 cm

Immediately after planting, the ground under the bushes should be watered and covered with black polyethylene so that the water lingers longer in the soil. But sometimes such coverage needs to be removed, that the greenhouse effect did not harm the root system of the bushes.

It is advisable to use an additional support in the form of a trellis or wire stretched between pegs consistently driven into the ground. It is necessary to water bushes of this grade 2 times a week. Sometimes plants can be fed with a solution of urea.

Grade "Chinese heat-resistant"

Hybrid pollinated by bees. It belongs to medium-early cucumbers, ripens in 48-54 days. Bushes strong, powerful, very branched. Basically, one stalk is formed in plants. The fruits are very beautiful, even, with the appropriate length for this variety of cucumbers (30-50 cm), dark green, with a wonderful sweet taste and aroma.

The shape of these cucumbers is cylindrical, the peel with tubercles. This variety is resistant not only to powdery mildew, downy mildew, and fusarium wilt, but also to high temperatures. Even if the temperature reaches 35 C, these bushes will still grow safely and bear fruit.

The period for laying seeds is stretched from the beginning of April to the beginning of May. You can skip the cultivation of seedlings and sow seeds directly into the ground in the second half of May. But with this method of growing the future garden bed is better to hide, so that the entrances must be. It is necessary that the soil temperature reaches 20-25 -25C, otherwise the seeds will not germinate.

This variety is suitable for both greenhouses and the usual soil. These plants will need a lot of light, but do not worry about a special blackout, because this sort of heat is not afraid.

It is necessary to drift seedlings or sow the seeds on a separate bed, separate from the other varieties of cucumber, otherwise there will be a mutation, and you will get a not very good harvest of the other cucumbers. Landing scheme - 50x70 cm.

In the care of these cucumbers are not particularly whimsical. This variety produces very few stepchildren, so you can skip the pinning process. It is advisable to fix the shoots of bushes on the trellis, and the support must be strong enough, otherwise it will simply break under the weight of the fruit.

Water these bushes often need, 2 - 3 times a week. But it all depends on the weather. If it rains, then you can limit one watering or even not water at all. But if there is a drought on the street, and the ground began to crack, then it is necessary to water these bushes, and very abundantly.

In order to avoid the appearance of a heavy earthen crust, the soil should be well loosened, but this should be done very carefully so as not to hurt the root system of the bushes.

Grade "Alligator"

An early hybrid pollinated by bees. The fruits are ready to eat on the 46-48 day after the first shoots. Bushes are powerful, grow quickly, strong vegetative mass. The fruits are typical for this variety, that is, of a cylindrical shape, rather long (35-40 cm), saturated green color, tuberculate.

The peel is very thin, shiny, not bitter. The pulp contains a large amount of juice, sweet, very aromatic. Productivity is very high, 16-18 kg per square meter of a bed.

The variety is not affected by footspine, powdery mildew and cucumber mosaic, but may suffer slightly from downy mildew. This variety fructifies for a very long time, right up to mid-October. Fruits are good both fresh and canned.

Suitable for any soil. You need to start with seedlings, the laying of which is desirable to carry out no earlier than the first half of April. Stronger seedlings with 1 - 2 leaves should be dived into larger pots.

Caring for seedlings is standard, that is, regular watering, fertilizer application, as well as provision of seedlings with sufficient light and heat are necessary. When the seedlings reach the age of 30 - 35 days, it can be transplanted.

A transplant is best done in the second half of May., or even at the beginning of June, so that the earth can warm up well. If you want to get a harvest earlier, then 10 days before the planned planting of the earth should be covered with black polyethylene, which will accumulate heat. When seedlings are placed in the ground, it is also desirable to cover the ground around them with polyethylene.

Taking care of these bushes is quite ordinary. Regular watering with warm water, as well as spraying bushes in cloudy weather are a key link in the bushes care chain.

Regular fertilization with mineral fertilizers, as well as fungicide treatment, will also benefit plants. But the main - do not overdo it with chemicalsotherwise the fruits will become poisonous. Like any bush of this variety of cucumbers, it is advisable to fix the plants of the Alligator on a good trellis, it will be easier to care for them and later to harvest.

Chinese cucumbers will not disappoint you with their fruits, but will only delight you with their uniqueness. Your family is not only surprised by the excellent taste of the fruit, but also by their appearance. Thus, you will certainly please both yourself and your loved ones. Good luck!

Characteristic variety

Despite the fact that most Chinese cucumbers come from China, domestic breeders try to keep up with their eastern counterparts. Based on the Chinese brainchild, the Chinese miracle cucumbers were bred on the territory of the Russian Federation.

Literally from the first days of existence, they were able to attract a large amount of attention. Each gardener is trying to plant exactly this variety in his garden in order to distinguish himself from his neighbors.

Due to the fact that the Chinese miracle cucumbers have an exclusively female type of flowering, they do not need helpers in pollination. This species is considered self-pollinating. Inflorescences are formed bouquets. Pollination can be carried out crosswise. It can occur between bushes located in the neighborhood, or with a variety that does not belong to eastern countries.

Plant description

The height of the cucumber Chinese miracle is quite high and can reach 2 m. Their growth occurs only upwards. Foliage grows weakly on the sides, which contributes to the formation of short shoots from the side. For this reason, possible dense planting, which saves space in the garden.

Cucumber variety Chinese miracle ripen relatively long. After the first shoots appeared, by the time of harvesting only 2 months have passed. In that case, if the bush is not pruned, its height can reach 4 m.

Description of the fetus

The description states that the shape of the fruit is always cylindrical. On the surface, small tubercles are formed, which are rarely located relative to each other. The length of the fetus reaches 60 cm and has a slight curvature. The average weight of one fruit is about 650 g. The peel is quite thin. Inside the cucumber Chinese miracle have juicy and dense flesh, without bitterness. At first, the maturation may form small tubercles. But, as soon as the fruit begins to ripen, they decrease in size.

This variety is characterized by high yields. From one bush, for the entire period of fruiting, it is possible to collect about 30 kg of fruit of commercial quality. The planted variety is in the open field, bears fruit only until the beginning of autumn, but the planted bushes in the greenhouse produce a crop until winter.

It can be used for salting or preserving, as well as for eating raw or salads.

Virtues

The main advantages of this class include the following indicators:

  • they are distinguished by unpretentiousness to the temperature regime, for example, the yield will be high, both at a temperature of 20 ° C and 30 ° C,
  • resistance to long shipments
  • have high yields,
  • excellent indicators of the presentation.

disadvantages

To particular disadvantages include three points.

  1. Low germination rates. Of the 10 planted seeds, only 2 will sprout. If you plant seeds in open ground, then the figures become much lower. It all depends on the supplier of seed material.
  2. Not long stored fresh. Literally in a day, the fetus begins to fade.
  3. Poor transfers sharp temperature drop from high to low. Climatic conditions have little effect on the appearance of the plant and the fetus, but only if the temperature drops do not occur very strongly.

Landing recommendations

It all depends on what quality seeds you will use. The soil should contain a high concentration of humus and have an average acid balance. Before planting, you should choose those seeds that are at least 6 mm in size. They should be soaked in potassium solution and dried well. It is also recommended to use Trichodermin, which will absorb excess moisture.

Growing cucumbers, or rather planting seeds, should be carried out in the final days of April. Seeds deepen by 2-3 cm into the ground. The soil must be hydrated in advance so that it can be leveled after planting. If the temperature is not lower than 30 ° C, then germination only increases.

Seedling features

Seedlings should be grown in the beginning of May, because you need to warm the soil under the sunlight for better germination.

  1. Density of growing cucumbers is 2-3 bushes per 1 m2.
  2. Before planting seedlings should feed the soil, for this, wood ash or bird humus is used.
  3. Between the rows should be kept a distance of 50 cm, but between the bushes should stick to a distance of 45 cm.
  4. The depth of planting shoots is 4 cm.
  5. After that, the rows should be covered with plastic wrap for two weeks.

It is important to remember that every day it should be removed so that fresh air gets inside.

Care rules

With cucumbers Chinese miracle should be especially careful and regularly take care. Для них важно, чтобы соблюдался правильный режим температур и уровень влажности. Хороший урожай наступает только после того, как постоянная температура состоит из 22°С.

  1. Тщательный полив должен осуществляться не менее 1 раза в 3 дня. После каждого полива не стоит забывать о рыхлении почвы. This is done to ensure that the root system of the variety receives as much nutrients as possible and absorbs moisture.
  2. Oxygen is also very important for the root system. This is another reason for the frequent loosening of the soil.
  3. It is important to pay attention to the presence of weeds. If they began to appear in copious amounts, then you need to immediately remove them.
  4. All lashes must be tied up with special cords without fail. This will not only facilitate harvesting, but also allow the bushes to form more better.
  5. Top dressing is a very important stage in the care of the plant. They must alternate and consist of organic and mineral fertilizers. You can use special solutions with lime or feed fertilizer litter pets.

Due to the fact that the side shoots are formed very badly, you do not have to form a bush in 1 stem. If you still had to face the emergence of side shoots, then they should be immediately removed.

Diseases and pests

Cucumber Chinese miracle has low immunity, so it is not immune from various diseases or pests. To cope with powdery mildew, a fungicide solution should be used. Spraying this drug is carried out every 2 weeks. Alternaria will pass if you use a substance such as Ridomil Gold. It is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 2.

Adding an article to a new collection

Have you heard of such a wonderful vegetable as a Chinese cucumber? Let's take a closer look at its best varieties, which gardeners have already appreciated.

Chinese cucumber is a variety of well-known common cucumber. True, the fruits of this culture grow elongated and thin, reaching a length of 30 to 80 cm. And this is not all the features of Chinese cucumber. It tastes sweeter and more aromatic (the flesh exudes the smell of watermelon or melon), and its skin never tastes bitter.

Chinese cucumbers are grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field. They ripen well even in unstable middle zone weather, since many varieties are early ripening (it takes only 25-35 days from sprouting to fruit formation). So, with the right care from one bush, you can collect up to 30 kg of tasty and unusual fruits. In addition, Chinese cucumbers are resistant to many cucumber diseases and are able to bear fruit until frost, and even in the shade.

However, this "foreign" culture has several drawbacks: the fruits are stored for a short time, so they are best suited for salads, the seeds often germinate poorly, and during cultivation you have to tinker with the correct vertical garter, otherwise cucumbers will grow ugly, hooked.

So, if you decide to try to grow such an unusual cucumber on your site, look at these varieties, which are intended for both greenhouses and unprotected soil.

1. F1 Alligator

This is an early non-self-pollinating hybrid. On the strong bushes of these cucumbers, which grow very quickly, lumpy, saturated-green fruits in the shape of a cylinder ripen until mid-October. They have excellent taste: very thin skin without bitterness, as well as juicy, sweet and aromatic flesh.

The name of this hybrid has become a household name, and now gardeners often call any long Chinese cucumbers as alligators.

Chinese cucumber F1 Alligator most often grown through seedlings. Seeds are sown in the first half of April, then in the phase of 2-3 leaves, seedlings dive into separate containers, and at the age of 30 days (usually in the second half of May) are transplanted into a greenhouse or open ground.

Cucumbers F1 Alligator resistant to most diseases, but sometimes the bushes can be infected with downy mildew.

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