General information

Calpiglossis: cultivation and care in open ground

For the first time I saw salpiglossis a couple of years ago in the garden with my friend. I liked the flower very much: bright, cheerful, it immediately attracted attention and uplifted.

The appearance of the garden plot has changed for the better when a salpiglossis appeared on the flowerbed. His decorative possibilities were admirable.

I was very surprised when I learned that to grow such a miracle is not a feat at all, the flower is quite unpretentious, it looks like a petunia both in appearance and in character. If you have grown petunia before, then breeding salpiglossis will not be a difficult task for you.

Now, in a flower bed in front of my house, I see this bright plant from South America and it pleases the eye. Not everything is simple with him: in our latitudes the flower is an annual or a biennial. That is, almost every year it is necessary to plant seedlings.

But these concerns only please me. Therefore, I always recommend flower growers to pay attention to this wonderful flower, which has not yet gained great popularity. And in vain! By the way, in the southern regions the flower does not freeze over in winter, so the salpiglossus bushes can grow for several years.

In this article I will tell you how to grow from seeds, describe planting and caring for a plant, and post a photo of a salpiglosis flower.

Characteristics of salpiglossis

These flowers belong to the nightshade. His homeland is South Amerka, most of all it grows in Chile. As you can immediately see, the shape of the flower is tubular, because of this, the plant got its name: in Greek, salpiglossis means “pipe-tongue”.

The most remarkable thing about a flower is its color. It is really unusual: bright, fantastic shades mix up, contrasting veins are visible on the surface of a velvety flower. Connect blue, purple, purple, yellow colors.

The flower itself is low, the bushes do not grow above 1 m. The flowers are of medium size, with a diameter of up to 5 cm. Flowering begins in June and ends in September-October (depending on the climatic zone). Seeds ripen closer to mid-autumn - these are oval-shaped boxes (they can be used for seedlings).

In the photo you see a beautiful sample of a flower that grows in optimal conditions for it.

Growing salpiglossis from seeds

The plant multiplies well with seeds. Seeds have high germination, with them problems usually do not happen. I usually do not soak the seeds, but I sow them immediately in wet soil, this is done in early March, so that by the beginning of May we have good seedlings.

Capacities for seedlings can be taken not very deep, this is not necessary at all. A shallow wide box or plastic box will do. The soil should be loose, and when sowing the distance between the seeds should be quite large.

Seeds should not be buried too deep in the ground, just slightly pressed into the ground surface.

Then the container is covered with glass or film and set up under the rays of the sun, but in a cool place (not higher than 20 degrees).

When caring for seedlings is important:

  • Air out
  • Remove condensate
  • Do not remove the film immediately after the seeds have sprung.
  • Let the sprouts acclimatize (first remove the film for a couple of hours, then increase the time without film)
  • Pick up after leaflets appear.

Be careful when picking: the flower sprouts are very delicate, the roots are easily damaged.

After you plant sprouts in different pots, watering the seedlings is not very active, salpiglossis does not like abundant watering.

Landing salpiglossis in the ground

After the seedlings grow up and warm days are established on the street, it will be possible to start transplanting seedlings into the open ground. Depending on your climate zone, it will be different times.

The most important thing is for you to be sure that after landing in the ground there will be no frosts in your area. Sulpiglossis does not tolerate frost.

Requirements for the landing site:

  • Good light
  • Windproof
  • Neutral acidity
  • A large amount of humus

Prepare the wells in advance. Add sand, peat, ash to the soil. The distance between the holes is not less than 25 cm. The holes must be deep, you will plant a whole earth ball in them, and not just a plant with bare roots (such a procedure will not transfer the flower).

In general, it should be remembered that the flower does not tolerate the transplant. Try to do as carefully as possible, it will guarantee that your seedlings will take root in the flower bed.

After planting, the plant requires abundant watering.

Summer care for salpiglossis

There are three things that salpiglossis does not tolerate:

  • Drought
  • Water stagnation
  • Subzero temperature

Your task is to provide the flower with exactly such conditions so that these negative moments do not exist. If hot weather begins, do not forget to water every day. In the evenings, it is important to spray the flower.

If it rains, then of course we skip watering. In cool weather, when the soil dries slower, you can water the salpiglosis a couple of times a week. Immediately after watering the soil should be loosened.

Bushes love to be pinched. Do not be afraid to perform this procedure, it will only make the plant more lush.

If faded buds appear on the bush, they should be removed. If the care is correct, then in the southern regions the flower will be pleasing to the eye until October (before frosts).

People often ask if they need fertilizing. Yes, it will help improve flowering, but at the same time you shouldn’t be addicted to feeding, it can be done a couple of times during the summer season, this will be enough.

Description of the flower salpiglossis

For garden cultivation use salpiglossis notchedwhose straight stems can reach a meter height. The surface of the shoots is sticky to the touch and covered with short bristly hairs. The leaves, located near the base of the shoots, are larger and oblong, and the leaf blades of the upper tier are narrow and sessile. The multi-colored buds during flowering are about 5 cm in diameter. The petals are streaked with a marble pattern in the form of golden or brown veins. Flowering begins at the beginning of the summer and lasts for 3-4 months. Brilliant cups look like small bells. In place of withered buds, oval-shaped seed pods are formed. Seeds can maintain germination property for 5 years. Both annual and biennial varieties are suitable for our climatic latitudes.

Sowing seeds

Salpiglossis reproduces beautifully with the help of seeds, which in the spring are sent to containers filled with light and nutritious soil. They are evenly distributed over the substrate and slightly pressed to the surface without falling asleep with the ground. Then the planting containers are covered with polyethylene or glass and left to germinate on window sills indoors at room temperature. To speed up the process of formation of the first young leaves, a paper sheet is placed on the film, thus protecting the seedlings from sunburn.

Salpiglossis seedling

Seedlings regularly air and wipe the accumulation of condensate under the film. The emergence of seedlings begins several weeks after sowing. Glass or film is removed gradually, increasing the time interval, so the seedlings will have time to get used to the environment and will be able to get better.

When the first pair of healthy leaves appears on the surface of the soil, the seedlings swoop in separate containers. It is necessary to divide the seedlings among themselves very carefully, since their root system is poorly developed. As a rule, seedlings take root for a long time in a new place. Having noticed the rapid growth of shoots, it is recommended to break the tops of the plants in order to form a beautiful and lush bush. Watering is carried out moderately. Too dry or wet soil at the same time badly affect the development of the flower.

Planting salpiglossis in open ground

The optimal time for such events is mid-May. When frosts recede into the background, and the soil is already properly warmed up. As a site choose the illuminated place, sheltered from drafts. The soil should have a neutral or slightly acidic environment.

Before you start planting, you need to dig up the area and enrich the soil with peat, sand or ash. The depth of the wells depends on the size of the rhizome. The distances between the holes adhere to at least 25 cm. It is important to preserve the earth bed by removing the seedlings from the container. At the end of planting, the salpiglossis bushes transplanted to a permanent place of cultivation are watered. Since the roots of the plant are very fragile, transplantation is carried out carefully.

Garden Salpiglossis Care

Growing salpiglossis is not a troublesome task, however, it should be remembered that the flower does not tolerate frost and drought. During the summer season, watering is carried out almost every day. In the evening, after the sultry heat, the leaves of the plant are recommended to be sprayed. For irrigation use only separated water. The surface of the soil around the bushes are loosened.

Weed grass that drowns out plant growth must be removed. To ensure good branching of the shoots and improve flowering, it is important to spend time pinching and collect wilted buds. Such simple actions make it possible to extend the flowering of salpiglossis until October.

The application of mineral dressing is carried out a couple of times a year. Ash is an excellent organic fertilizer for salpiglossis.

After flowering salpiglossis

Perennial varieties of salpiglossis can be grown exclusively in regions with a warm climate. In the remaining latitudes, the cultural types of the flower live only one season. When the first frost comes, the root system of the plant dies. Some gardeners manage to replant the flower in the fall in the pot for growing indoors. However, not all specimens survive, because, as mentioned earlier, salpiglosis responds poorly to transplantation.

Diseases and pests

Being in an open ground, the flower is subject to disease stem or root rot. As a result, the plant dies. As soon as the first signs of the disease became apparent, the bushes were treated with fungicide solutions and reduced watering. In advanced cases, treatment will not work, so patients and infected specimens will have to be collected and burned.

The greatest danger among pests is aphid. Only acaricides help solve the problem.

Types and varieties of salpiglossis

As a garden culture, there is only one type of flower salpigloss leech. Breeders managed to derive other forms from this species:

  • Sulpiglossis grandiflora - one of the highest varieties, which is distinguished by a special branching of shoots and large buds,
  • Superpissimus spallosisis - with corrugated petals,
  • Sulpiglossis is low - his shoots reach a height of not more than half a meter. During flowering, the bush is as if covered with colorful bells.

No less popular among gardeners are hybrid representatives of salpiglossis:

  • Kew blue - it is a low flower, the buds of which are painted in a bright pink tone, and the petals are covered with a net of golden veins,
  • Casino mix - a plant with multi-colored buds, the stems can grow from 45 to 50 cm long. Adult bushes need to organize additional support near the shoots,
  • Festival and Flamenco - one of the most undersized varieties of salpiglossis,
  • Bolero - it is characterized by plentiful flowering and direct strong shoots,
  • Salpiglossis Ali Baba - rare flowers that remain fresh for a long time in cut and are often used by florists,
  • Velvet Dolly - has beautiful velvet buds,
  • Fireworks - it is distinguished by bright and lush flowering, the cups of flowers are painted in rich lilac and pink shades,
  • Magic - The stems are capable of growing up to 60 cm, the flowers are mostly red or white, with a grid of yellow veins visible on the petals.

Features of salpiglossis

Today, gardeners cultivate only 1 species of this genus, namely: salpiglossis notched (Salpiglossis sinuata). Straight shoots in height can reach 100 centimeters, they are branched and thin, and on their surface there are glandular sticky hairs.

The upper leaf plates are narrow, entire and sessile, while the basal ones are notched-lobed, oblong, and have petioles.

The diameter of single graceful flowers is 5 centimeters, their color can be blue, yellow, brown, purple or cream, on the surface of the pharynx there is a marble pattern consisting of veins of dark and golden color. Flowering observed in June and October.

The shape of the velvety-shiny flowers funnel-shaped, they have a five-blade limb. The fruit is a two-nested oval-shaped boxes, inside which are small seeds.

In mid-latitudes, salpiglossis is grown only as a biennial or an annual.

Growing seedlings

When caring for seedlings, do not forget to systematically air it, and also remove condensate from the surface of the shelter. The first seedlings should appear after 15–20 days, but you should not remove the film immediately. Initially, it is removed for 1–2 hours, then removed for 3–4 hours, and when the plant is acclimatized to environmental conditions, the shelter is removed altogether.

After the plants show the first pair of leaflets, they will have to pick them using cups or separate containers.

When making a picking, be careful, because gentle roots are very easily injured, and therefore the seedlings take a long time to take root in a new place. After the seedlings begin to grow actively again, you should pinch its tops, this will increase its bushiness.

Salfiglossis should be provided with moderate watering, while ensuring that the substrate is not dry or too wet.

What time to land

Planting of grown-up and grown seedlings in open soil should be carried out only after the threat of return frost has completely passed, as a rule, this time falls on the second half of May.

Try to choose a well-lit area for planting that will be protected from the wind.

In the nutrient soil should contain a large amount of humus, and its acidity can be neutral or slightly acidic.

How to plant

The site should be prepared approximately 7 days before the scheduled disembarkation day. To do this, they dig it, while introducing into the soil a little sand, peat and wood ash.

Between the holes, one should observe a distance of 25 to 30 centimeters, their depth should be such that not only the root system can fit in them, but also the earthen clod. Pass the seedlings into the wells, and then fill them up. Planted plant need abundant watering.

Remember that this plant tolerates transplantation very poorly, so try to injure its root system as little as possible.

Diseases and pests

Such a moisture-loving plant, when grown in open soil, often falls ill with root or stem rot, as a result of which it dies. As soon as you notice that the plant is unhealthy, it is necessary to urgently treat the bush and the ground around it with a fungicide, while not forgetting to correct the mode of irrigation. If the bush is struck very strongly, then it is better to dig and burn.

On a salpiglossis the louse can live. To get rid of it, it is necessary to treat the bush with acaricide.

After flowering

As a perennial, this plant is cultivated only in regions with a mild, warm climate.

If the winters are frosty, then salpiglossis can be raised only as an annual, because after the frost comes, it will die.

If you wish, you can try to plant such a flower in a pot in the autumn and bring it into the house, but it is unlikely to take root because it reacts extremely negatively to the transplant.

Salpiglossis - “Strange tubules": growing from seed, planting and care

Want to salpiglossis and decorate your garden? Then we will tell you how to plant this fantastic plant in the open ground, what are the features and the secrets of caring for it, and how it is grown from seeds. If you follow the basic rules and useful recommendations for growing salpiglossis, it will delight you with its incomparable flowering.

The most famous varieties and varieties of plants

The magnificent herbaceous plant salpiglossis is known to many gardeners under the name "pipe-tongue".

It can transform any household plot beyond recognition: to make it beautiful and fragrant.

Its elegant velvet flowers, whose diameter is about 6 cm, resemble large bells of various shades (ranging from yellow, white and ending with blue), alternate, whole or pinnately leaves.

Salpiglossis has very bright flowers with a strong aroma.

The plant can reach a height of 15 cm to 1 m and blooms from early summer to mid-autumn. It is a one-year and perennial (two-year) species, the birthplace of which is South America. Presented photo will give you all his magical beauty.

Главные его враги – грибковые заболевания (фитофтороз, мучнистая роса, фузариоз), вредители (тля, трипсы, паутинные клещи). With the defeat of the fungus, the leaves and stem change their color, the plant rots and completely dies. For the purpose of prevention, even before planting, the soil is treated with a fungicide. However, when infected with this disease, the bush is removed and destroyed.

To get rid of pests fit strong infusions of bitter wormwood, garlic, celandine. The solution of household soap of high concentration also helps. The use of insecticides is widely practiced.

Purslane - growing from seed

How to collect your seeds

It is possible to determine varieties for future plantings with regular removal of wilted inflorescences. On the bush leave some of the largest remnants of dried flowers.

In their place, fruits are formed in the form of oval two-capsule boxes. Up to 6,000 small seeds can be collected from each.

When stored in a cool dry place, you are provided with valuable planting material for at least 4 years.

Unsorted seeds in time lead to self-seeding, which under favorable conditions can lead to their subsequent germination.

Sulpiglossis - The Enchanting Sunflower: Video

As you can see the cultivation of this miracle flower is not so troublesome, and the efforts made, really, are worth your joy from the surrounding beauty!

Sulpiglossis: seed growing, planting and care

Salpiglossis (lat. Salpiglossis) - genus of annual, biennial and perennial plants of the family Solanaceae, numbering about 20 species. Salpiglossis from South America, mainly from Chile.

The name of the genus consists of two Greek words meaning "pipe" and "language" in translation, and explains the shape of the flower. Because of this, his second name sounds like “pipe tongue”. This plant was introduced into culture in 1820.

In a culture, only one species of the genus is grown until now. salpiglossis salivata (Salpiglossis sinuata). The height of the salpiglossis is about 1 m, it has straight stems, thin and branched, covered with glandular sticky hairs. The basal leaves of the salpiglossis are oblong, notched-lobed, petiolate, and the upper leaves are sessile, narrow, entire.

Graceful single flowers of salpiglossis with a diameter of about 5 cm, painted in brown, blue, purple, yellow or cream and painted on the pharynx marble pattern of golden and dark veins, bloom from June to October. They are funnel-shaped, brilliantly velvety, with a five-blade limb.

Fruits of salpiglossis are two-celled oval boxes with small seeds that remain viable for up to 5 years.

In our climate we grow mainly biennial and annual salpiglossis.

Growing salpiglossis from seeds

When to plant salpiglossis

Propagate salpiglossis seeds. In the rassadny method of cultivation, the seeds of salpiglossis are sown in early March in wide and shallow containers filled with loose soil.

Lay the seeds on the surface of the moistened substrate as seldom as possible, press them against the surface, cover the crops with glass or film and keep them on a light sill at a temperature of 15-20 ºC.

For faster seed germination and protection of emerging shoots from the bright sun, put a sheet of white paper on the film.

Salpiglossis seedling care

Planting care is to ventilate the greenhouse and remove condensate from the film. The shoots of salpiglossis will appear in 2-3 weeks, but they do not immediately remove the coating from crops: first it is removed for an hour or two, then for 3-4 hours, and when the seedlings get used to the conditions of the room, it will be possible to remove the glass altogether.

As soon as the seedling of the salpiglossis begins to form the first pair of leaves, the seedlings need to be planted in individual pots or cups.

Keep in mind that the roots of seedlings are very fragile, and after picking, seedlings take root for quite some time. As soon as the seedlings grow, their tops begin to pinch so that the small salpiglossias better bush.

Water the seedlings moderately, not allowing either the soil to dry out or its overmoistening.

Planting salpiglossis in the ground

How to grow salpiglossis

Growing salpiglossis is a simple task, if you remember that it does not tolerate droughts, frosts and overmoistening.

It is necessary to water a plant in the summer daily, salpyglossis well responds and to evening sprays in a hot season. In spring and autumn, 2-3 waterings per week will suffice.

Moisturize the salpiglossis in a flower bed with warm settled water, and after watering the soil around the plant is carefully loosened, at the same time removing weeds.

Do not forget to pinch the plant so that it forms more buds and remove faded flowers: this measure will help extend the flowering of the salpiglosis until October. Feed salpiglossis several times a season with complex mineral fertilizers for flowering plants. From organic fertilizers, salpiglossis is responsive to the introduction of ash.

Pests and diseases of salpiglossis

Moisture-loving salpiglossis in the open field can become sick with stem or root rot, which leads to the death of the plant. At the first signs of ill health, treat the flower and the soil around it with a fungicide preparation and adjust the irrigation regime. Strongly damaged fungal infection bushes better to destroy.

Of the pests salpiglossis affects aphid. Destroy its acaricidal drugs.

Content

  • 1. Listen to the article (soon)
  • 2. Description
  • 3. Growing from seed
    • 3.1. When to sow
    • 3.2. Seedling care
  • 4. Landing
    • 4.1. When put in the ground
    • 4.2. How to plant
  • 5. Care
    • 5.1. How to grow
    • 5.2. Pests and diseases
    • 5.3. After flowering
  • 6. Types and varieties

Salpiglossis flower - description

In a culture, only one species of the genus is grown until now. salpiglossis salivata (Salpiglossis sinuata). The height of the salpiglossis is about 1 m, it has straight stems, thin and branched, covered with glandular sticky hairs. The basal leaves of the salpiglossis are oblong, notched-lobed, petiolate, and the upper leaves are sessile, narrow, entire. Graceful single flowers of salpiglossis with a diameter of about 5 cm, painted in brown, blue, purple, yellow or cream and painted on the pharynx marble pattern of golden and dark veins, bloom from June to October. They are funnel-shaped, brilliantly velvety, with a five-blade limb. Fruits of salpiglossis are two-celled oval boxes with small seeds that remain viable for up to 5 years.

In our climate we grow mainly biennial and annual salpiglossis.