The territory of the garden can be decorated with various types of ornamental plants.
Recently, the so-called "Liana".
These plants are great for decorating not only the courtyards, but also the rooms, because they look very nice as room flowers.
All Lianas have a lot in common, however, they differ from each other by the average length of the stems, the absence or presence of flowers, their size and color, and the rules of care.
That this such Liana you learn in this article.
General description of the plant
Creepers are one of the rather interesting forms of plants. They are called different plants, the stems of which tend to curl.
The Liana family represents plants that can be grassy, with thin and rather weak annual or perennial stems, as well as woody, with falling or evergreen leaves.
All varieties of this plant can not independently hold in the air, so they require the mandatory presence of a vertical support, on which they easily rise up, using their own hooks, antennae or adventitious roots.
It is on the support Liana develop leaves with flowers.
Most often Lianas are found in areas of tropical forests, where plants are wrapped around tree trunks, clinging to the bark with suckers and antennae. In this way, they can flip their winding branches from one tree to another, forming as a result of this almost impassable thicket.
However, in temperate climates, they are much rarer and exclusively in the form of ornamental plants, therefore, one cannot observe how these plants give the landscape a characteristic feature, as in tropical areas.
As for the anatomical and morphological features of the Lianes, there are quite a number of them. This is caused by a variety of natural conditions and their lifestyle. For example, in many species, after the stem germinates from the seed, suckers and antennae first begin to appear, and only then leaves.
If we consider the Liana by the method of attachment to a vertical support, we can distinguish several groups of these plants:
- Creepers that are attached with antennae - Bryonia, or grapes.
- Creepers using special organs such as suckers, - Ivy can stick to the surface of a vertical support using special short roots that grow from the lower parts of its branches.
- Creepers, which completely lack any specific attachment organs, however, their flexible stems may wrap around tree trunks or other various supports — Bindweeds or hops.
- Creepers, having no particular attachment organs, they keep their stems between the branches of trees because they rest on them with their thorns or needles, side branches and other parts, - different types of palm trees.
Almost all varieties of Lian are inhabitants of warm tropical areas with high humidity.
These characteristics determine the widespread popularity of plants among gardeners in many countries.
However, despite the significant similarity of a number of common characteristics, Lianas are considered quite different: perennial and annual, deciduous and evergreen, with a grassy or woody stem.
Types, varieties, names of flowers
Let us consider in more detail all kinds of Lian with photos and names. Today, the following types of climbing Lian are most often grown at home:
- Dikhorizandra different flowering white or bright purple. It is great for growing at home.
Duchenei is characterized by increased endurance and is very unpretentious to the growing conditions. Its appearance is somewhat similar to ordinary strawberries.
The saxifrage is a perennial herb that can be moss-like or have whole small round leaves.
Clerodendrum is a shrub with beautiful white and red flowers and large leaves of emerald green.
Mühlenbeckia is one of the most beautiful species of lianas, which have small foliage and thickly braid walls and vertical supports.
Partenocissus is often referred to as maiden grape. This is a deciduous plant that endures the winter cold and is unpretentious.
Pellionia is a herbaceous plant that is great for decorating stone plots.
Plektranthus possesses small flowers and whole leaves with jagged edges. Intends for cultivation in room conditions.
Ivy is a type of decorative Liana. It is evergreen and can climb a vertical support to a height of about thirty meters.
Rafidophora is characterized by an attractive shape with carved leaves of a rich green color. It is grown exclusively in indoor conditions.
Reo is unpretentious in care, however, has a beautiful and very original look.
Roitsissus - one of the unpretentious species of Liana, which has been very popular with gardeners for many years.
Ruellia is characterized by dark emerald green leaves and single pinkish flowers.
Sethkreaziya often grows to about eighty centimeters in height and attracts the attention of longitudinal leaves with a purple tinge.
Syngonium is a perennial evergreen with thin stems and swept, whole leaves.
Gelksina or saline has small bright green leaves and often serves to decorate the walls of facades and fences.
The creeper is a decorative look of Liana, which has leaves of a heart-shaped form and is not distinguished by a particular whimsical care.
Tetrasigma turns a room into a real jungle thanks to the intensive growth of shoots.
Tolmia is usually grown in a hanging pot, has small leaves of pale green color.
The trandescation is often called the “gossip of the women”. She has pink or white flowers and unpretentious care.
Tunbergia is distinguished by small flowers of different shades.
Philodendron has large arrow-shaped leaves and is great for growing indoors.
Tseropegiya characterized by heart-shaped large leaves and unpretentiousness in the care.
Cyanotis has leaves with a pale purple hue.
Cissus belongs to the family grape.
Epipremnum - one of the most unpretentious Liana species, which is great for growing in indoor conditions.
Episcia attracts the attention of beautiful white flowers.
Eschinanthus is a very beautiful indoor plant with flowers of the original form and rich color. He is very whimsical in the care, but quite resistant to various diseases and pests.
Most varieties of lianas, which are intended for growing in indoor conditions, are perennial and evergreen plants. This feature is mainly due to the fact that no one likes to look at a rather long but completely naked stem during the entire cold season.
In room conditions It is recommended to grow grassy varieties of Liana. For the backyard plot, both flexible and woody plants are suitable.
According to the method of attachment Liana share on curly, corneal, leaning and usikonosnyh. Most often, as indoor plants are found precisely climbing, because their shoots have the ability to twist around a vertical support, while forming an attractive plant that has an original spiral shape.
To create a beautiful "design" it is necessary to ensure constant and, most importantly, proper care of the liana.
All types of Lian combines one thing in common - they need daily air with a high level of humidity and the entry of diffused light.
Direct sunlight has a detrimental effect on the plant, because on its leaves burn marks may appear.
And growing a flower with low air humidity causes the luxurious, leafy stalk to become completely naked, retaining only a couple of decrepit leaves.
The predominant part of the species of indoor Lian prefers to be in partial shade, and some in a slight shade. Despite this, some need a brighter light: Cissus with Tseropegii, Scindapsus with Syngonium.
In addition, a flower pot must be rotated regularly around its axis, so that Liana can receive about the same amount of light from all sides. Otherwise, it will constantly stretch in one direction only, which will make it curved.
You also need to take care of the creation and conditions such as constant airing, moderate air temperature and humidification.
Therefore, if necessary, use an additional heater, which should be located at some distance from the flower.
In the summer season, the optimum temperature for the plant is considered 20-22 ° C. If the indicators on the thermometer rise above, then the plant must be constantly sprayed with cool water. And in winter to moisten the leaves you need to take just warm water.
Watering is recommended to make either in the morning or in the evening. He is required as the drying of the topsoil.
It is not necessary to pereuvlazhnyat soil, because near the stem, it can remain quite wet for a long time.
Do not water the indoor species of Lian with cold water - this can lead to disease and root rot.
In the event that a heating system is installed in the room, which heats the air quite strongly, then it is better to refuse to grow room Lianas because in such an apartment the plant will constantly hurt due to lack of humidity.
Fresh air favorably affects absolutely all types of lianas, however do not allow drafts, so that the cool air flow does not catch a curly flower.
In addition, it is imperative to take care of the soul for the plant, which should be provided at least once a month. Thanks to this procedure, a layer of dust can be washed off its leaves, because it is difficult to remove it by wet rubbing.
Otherwise Liana can suffer greatly from the so-called spider mite.
No less important point - transplanting plants. If necessary, in a larger pot Lian is recommended not to transplant, and gently hand over with a clod of earth - this will avoid possible injury to the root system of the plant.
In addition, it must be kept very carefully, do not pull too hard and do not squeeze, so that Liana's shoots do not break. Many growers are advised to conduct this procedure with an assistant.
Creepers need not only fertile, but also fairly light soil, which is characterized by either a neutral or slightly acidic reaction.
For its fertilizer often used various already prepared mixtures.
Also for this you can prepare a special mixture and independently, connecting the sheet, sod and humus soil.
Potted soil you need to regularly loosen with a long thin stick, to make it easier for the plant to absorb water and nutrients from it, and the roots can "breathe".
From time to time Liana should be fed with mullein, diluted in ordinary water in a ratio of 1:10, or complex mineral fertilizers.
Supports for Lian
In order for the green climbing plant to decorate the interior of the house and year-round to please the eyes, it is necessary to take time to give it direction and shape the exterior.
Especially for this you need to take care of the availability of wall or pot support. Liana itself can form its crown, braiding a vertical support, however, to obtain the best result it is better to pinch it on the apical shoots.
This procedure contributes to the appearance and intensive growth of the lateral processes. In order for the main branch-lash turned out to be long, it must be constantly twined around the support, fixing it with the help of small clothespins. If you remove unnecessary antennae in a timely manner, then Liana will not independently change the direction of its growth.
In order to rejuvenate Liana, it is necessary to carefully cut off her apical stalk with leaves, and then root it.
It should be remembered that pruned aged shoots need almost half: it will be better to branch.
To prevent infection by various infections, each sectionIt is recommended to treat with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
For breeding Liana room you can use the apical stalk, which was cut from the old plant. Sometimes it is put into the water so that it starts to take root. However, most of its species have air roots, and due to this, the cutting can be dredged right after the cut into a pot with prepared soil.
Also, some species of this plant multiply by seeds, for example, Passiflora. In some cases, practicing seating Lian by dividing the bush.
Next on the photo are the seeds of Liana:
Diseases and pests
It should be noted that almost all diseases of different types of Lian are associated not only with serious, but even with the smallest disturbance of water balance.
So, for example, root decay may indicate loss of foliage and weakening of the stem.
In this case, the plant suffers from waterlogging and too acidic soil.
Why does Liana plant dry?
With a sufficiently low level of humidity in the room, the leaves begin to dry out and then fall off.
Due to too little moisture and very dry air, pests such as scythe, aphid and spider mite. You can get rid of them after spraying twice with insecticidal means "Aktellik" or "Fitoverm".
Liana is a plant that can be grown both indoors and outdoors. With proper and constant care, any of the species of this plant will become a real green decoration of the house and yard.
Houseplants creepers Philodendron (PHILODENDRON)
Leathery leaves possessed by houseplants philodendron houseplants vary greatly in shape, color and texture. A climbing philodendron (Philodendron scandens) is the easiest to grow, on its thin stems there are leaves of 8-12 cm in size. At large-leaved philodendrons, the leaves are usually arrow-shaped 15–40 cm in size with a glossy surface.
Noteworthy are F. spearhead (P. hastatum), F. reddening (P erubescens) and its hybrids, velvety F. golden-black (P. melanochrysum) and variegated F. Ilzemann (P ilsemannii). Non-liana F. double-pinnate (P. bipinnatifidum) grows up to 2.5 m or more.
The most popular is philodendron climbing, which is compact enough even for a small room. Aerial roots are a feature of these plants - send them to the soil to provide moisture to the upper leaves. You will need a moss stick for them. Most philodendrons that are not lianas can grow into huge plants and therefore are not suitable for an ordinary house.
Temperature: Moderate - at least 13 ° C in winter.
Shine: A moderately lighted spot or partial shade is usually recommended - P scandens can grow in the shade. Protect from direct sunlight.
Watering: Water thoroughly and regularly — keep the soil slightly damp in the winter.
Air humidity: Spray the foliage regularly.
Transfer: Replant in the spring every two to three years.
Reproduction: Stem cuttings in summer.
The following shows a liana houseplant in the photo in various forms of formation:
Indoor creepers (SYNGONIUM): care
An unusual feature of this plant is the change in leaf shape with age. Young leaves are arrow-shaped, their diversity is at the peak of brightness. Later, the plant becomes lianovidnuyu form, and the leaves become lobed. Aerial roots appear and the moss stick will provide them with excellent support.
Varieties. Indoor creepers Syngonium, or Knuckle Petroleum (Syngonium, or Nephthytis), is a species with completely green leaves. Popular variegated varieties, some almost completely white (C. n. Imperial White).
Caring for room liana syngonium includes the following agrotechnical measures.
Temperature: Moderate - at least 16 ° C in winter.
Shine: Brightly lit place away from direct sunlight.
Watering: Keep the soil wet all the time - reduce watering in winter. Avoid overmoistening.
Air humidity: Spray the foliage regularly.
Transfer: Replant in the spring every two years.
Reproduction: Stem cuttings bearing aerial roots in spring. Use hormones for rooting.
Potted Creeper Flowers - Tunbergia (THUNBERGIA)
Комнатные цветы лианы цветущие представлены несколькими видами, однако особого внимания заслуживает тунбергия. Несколько семян, посеянных в начале весны, предоставят достаточное количество растений тунбергии (THUNBERGIA), чтобы укрыть экран или решетку вьющимися стеблями длиной до 2 м. When growing as a liana, support is needed, it can also be grown as an ampelous plant in hanging baskets. The tips of the young shoots pinch. Remove faded flowers before they form seeds.
Varieties. Sow the seeds of the winged tunbergia (Thunbergia alata) in spring, and all summer you will enjoy white, yellow or orange flowers.
Temperature: Moderate - at least 10 ° C in winter.
Shine: Bright light with some direct sunlight.
Watering: Keep the soil moist all the time.
Air humidity: Spray the foliage from time to time, especially in hot weather.
Care after flowering: Plants do not save.
Reproduction: Sowing seeds in early spring.
Then you can see the flowering room vines in the photo, which show different periods of development:
Curly creepers room - ivy
Ivy is an excellent climbing vine house and ampelous plants, a strong-growing variety of common ivy can quickly cover bare surfaces. The stalks will cling to the tree, wallpaper, etc. A slow-growing P. Canarian does not cling on its own, so he needs support.
Varieties. Common ivy (Hedera helix) is the main species, there are also varieties with completely green foliage and variegated. There are bushy ampelous varieties, for example, Eva and Glacier.
Temperature: Cool - ideally in an unheated room in the winter.
Shine: Brightly lit places, protected from direct sunlight in summer.
Watering: Keep the substrate wet in the summer; water in the winter is sparse.
Air humidity: Spray the foliage often in summer and winter if the room is heated.
Transfer: Replant in the spring every two years.
Reproduction: Use cut tops of the shoots as cuttings.
Indoor Passiflora Creeper Flowers (PASSIFLORA)
The houseplant flowers of passiflora have an unusual intricate structure, and the plant itself is a threatening size of the vine, which will outgrow the space allocated to it 8 cm into space if it is not subjected to a strong pruning diameter every spring. The stems carry palmate-dissected leaves, antennae and short-lived flowers that appear throughout the summer.
There are several types of passiflora, including granadilla - P. tetrahedral (Passiflora quadrangularis), which produces large yellow fruits, but only P. blue (P. caerulea) is grown as a houseplant.
Temperature: Moderate. Keep at 4-10 ° C in winter.
Shine: Choose the brightest place that is.
Watering: Keep the soil wet all the time - in the summer you may need daily watering. In winter, reduce watering.
Air humidity: Spray the foliage from time to time.
Transfer: Replace in the spring annually.
Reproduction: Stem cuttings in summer. Sowing seeds in spring.
Room Flower Liana Tolmia (TOLMIEA)
Indoor flower liana tolmiya - compact indoor plant with lowered light green leaves. At its base of mature leaves, daughter plants are formed. This is one of the hardiest of all indoor plants, which grows well in a cold, well-ventilated and dimly lit room, and its enemy is hot, dry air.
In tolmiya Mencisa (Tolmiea menziesii) on the leaves formed daughter seedlings. Long leaf stalks give the plant the appearance of ampelous.
Temperature: Cool or moderate temperatures, minimum 4 ° C in winter.
Shine: Bright light is preferred, but can grow in the shade.
Watering: Keep the soil wet all the time - reduce watering in winter.
Air humidity: Spray the foliage from time to time.
Transfer: Replace in the spring annually.
Reproduction: Pin the seedlings to the soil — cut the stems when they are rooted.
Liana-shaped indoor plants Tradescantia (TRADESCANTIA)
Liana-shaped indoor plants Tradescantia is the most popular of similar genera - Tradescantia, Zebrina and Callisia. Oval leaves are numerous if your plant is in a well-lit area. Tradescantia can bloom indoors, short-lived flowers add decoration to the plant. Shoot tips regularly pinch to stimulate bushiness.
Tradescantia riverine (Tradescantia fluminensis) has variegated forms - variegata and Quicksilver. In T. white flowered Tricolor (T. albiflora tricolor) leaves with white and pink stripes.
Temperature: Moderate - at least 7 ° C in winter.
Shine: Bright light is needed.
Watering: Water thoroughly from spring to autumn. Water moderately in winter.
Air humidity: Spray the foliage from time to time.
Transfer: Replace, if necessary, in the spring.
Reproduction: Stem cuttings from spring to autumn.
Such similar and different vines
Almost all creepers are inhabitants of the humid, warm tropics. They grow very quickly (at least, most of them), they easily propagate by cutting and quickly take root. Perhaps that is why they are so fond of flower growers. For example, curly cypress vine, or Kvamoklit plum, can grow by 2.5 m during the growing season.
Despite the similarity of the general characteristics, the vines are still very different. They can be flexible or have a grassy stem, or they can woody with age. In addition, they differ in the possibilities of vegetative growth: they can be annual and perennial, evergreen and, conversely, deciduous.
Potted vines are mostly evergreen and perennial. And this is understandable: who wants to look all winter at a long, bare stem. It is the grassy vines that are grown at home, and flexible or woody plants can be planted in the garden plots.
And creepers are divided into classes depending on the method that the plant uses to attach to the surface during growth. If a liana is attached to a support with its roots, then it is a corneous liana, if it is curved or usikonosnaya with side branches or tendril shoots. And suckers cling to the support leaning vines.
Most often, amateur flower growers plant climbing vines. Their shoots can be twisted around a support, forming a plant of a beautiful spiral shape.
Among the room vines there are many beloved plants of all kinds: Clerodendron, Ivy, Bougainvillea, Passionflower, Monstera, Philodendron, Hoya and many others. For example, I was very surprised when I learned that even among cacti there are creepers.
How to care for room lianas
A common feature of all plants of this type is the need for diffused lighting and high humidity. The direct rays of the sun for creepers are harmful: even wax ivy, as I witnessed, can burn leaves under the sun. A low humidity in the room leads to the fact that you become the owner of a bare stem with a pair of decrepit leaves at the top. Therefore, the first thing you should do for your room vine is to provide it with diffused light and moist air.
Lighting for vines
Most indoor vines like partial shade or even slight shading. But some need a brighter light. These are the species that have “variegated”, that is, colorful leaves: Chyndapsus, Cissus, Syngonium, Tseropegiya. Bright light, but in no case direct sunlight, otherwise burns will appear on the leaves in the form of brown spots. A pot with a liana needs to be turned all the time so that all sides of the plant receive the same proportion of light, otherwise the vine will stretch to one side and remain forever crooked.
If you decide to decorate a dark room with a liana, then ivy will suit you. Monstera is also suitable, as well as Cissus Antarctic and Roitsissus rhombic.
Watering creepers, moistening, temperature and fresh air
I knowingly combined all these parameters into one group - all of them are interconnected. For indoor vines, moderate temperatures, good ventilation, and humid air are considered ideal conditions.
Winter temperatures should not fall below 16 ° C. I do not think that in city apartments it can be colder than 16 ° C, but if it is cooler, you will need to turn on additional heating, but not in close proximity to flowers. In summer, ideally, the temperature should not exceed 20-22 ° C, and the heat should be fought with constant spraying of the plant with cool water. In winter, by the way, it is also necessary to moisten the vines, but the water for spraying should be warm.
Water the indoor liana I advise in the morning or in the evening, but not in the afternoon. And spray in the same mode, you can even 2 times a day. Watering is carried out as the top layer of soil dries. Try not to overmoisten the plant, especially since the soil can remain moist for a long time under the lush head of the leaves. Water for irrigation of room vines should not be cold, otherwise the root system can get sick and rot.
If your house is dry, the heating system strongly heats the air in the apartment, then the thought of keeping the vine in the house will have to be abandoned - they will constantly be sick and wither. I once grew ivy near the battery - it did not grow, but barely survived. And in the summer, when I brought it out to fresh air, ivy grew and lay down.
Lianas love fresh air. But this does not mean that they are not afraid of drafts. Place a climbing plant under the wall so that the jets of air refresh it, but do not catch a cold.
And, of course, a common feature of all vines is the need for moist air. You already know how to spray a liana, but you need to take a shower at least once a month at least once a month. It is difficult to remove dust from their leaves, therefore it should be washed off. If this is not done, a spider mite can live on the plant.
When bathing the vines in the shower, make the water slightly warm, but keep in mind that the water pressure should not be strong, otherwise you risk breaking leaves and shoots.
Soil and transplant vines
If you bought a liana in a temporary pot, then within two weeks it will need to be transplanted to a permanent place of residence. It is better not to repot the liana, but to load it with a clod of earth, so as not to injure the roots of the plant. And try to keep the plant when transplanting so as not to break the shoots. It is better to replant the vine with an assistant.
Soil for indoor vines need fertile, but easy, with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. You can use a mixture of turf, humus and leaf earth. And you can take ready mixes: "Saintpaulia", "Begonia", "Cactus Plus".
Some vines grow so low above the pot that the soil is not visible, but since they like loose soil, take a thin long stick to loosen the soil in the pot.
As for feeding, vines need it, like other plants. If they are fertilized, they grow faster, and their leaves are juicier and thicker, and if the dressing is neglected, the vines can “bald”. As a fertilizer, you can use mullein diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10, and you can feed the vines with complex mineral fertilizer.
Formation room creepers
Giving the growing liana direction and the formation of the exterior is a very crucial moment of caring for the plant. And since you’ve got a liana, you’ll definitely need a prop, pot or wall. Climbing plants themselves can form, braiding a support or climbing along a wall, but it is better if you do it. To do this, the branches that you want to open, you need to pinch in the area of the apical shoot, to send the lateral processes.
If you want to get a long central branch-lash, then constantly twist it around the support in the direction you want and fix it carefully - I use small children's crab sticks for this purpose.
If your room liana (for example, Passiflora) crawls by itself using the antennae, monitor its progress and remove extra mustaches in time so that the liana does not stray from the route.
Rejuvenation and reproduction of indoor vines
Many indoor creepers as they grow older shed the lower leaves, resulting in a naked whip with a dozen leaves at the end. Especially often in grassy vines it happens after winter. In this case, the plant needs rejuvenation: the apical stalk with leaves is cut and rooted. The old plant is cut to almost half: so it will branch more. Slices need to be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
The apical stalk cut from an old plant can be put into the water so that it takes root. But many indoor creepers (the same Ivy) have aerial roots, and therefore the cutting can be immediately dug into the ground.
For quick rooting, the cut of the cutting is treated with “Kornevin”, or with folk remedies - aloe juice or kalanxe juice.
In addition to the vegetative method, the vines are propagated by seeds. For example, I sowed Passiflora and got a very good result in the form of strong shoots. But I do not recommend breeding other species of vines in this way.
In addition to seed reproduction and rooting of the apical cutting, some vines can be seated using the breeding method of the bush.
Diseases of indoor vines
Almost all diseases of vines associated with the violation of water balance.
If you notice that the plant has become weak and lose its leaves, then it is quite possible that the reason is that its roots are rotting. This happens when over-wetting and shearing the soil PH in the acid side. But the room liana drops the leaves and in the case of too low humidity in the room, just before falling, the leaves dry up.
Dry air and lack of moisture leads to the fact that spider mites, aphids and scale insects start up in room vines. It is difficult to get rid of them: it will require a two-fold spraying of insecticides “Fitoverm” or “Aktellik”.
So it is better to prevent the disease, observing all the rules of agrotechnology for vines, and then any of them will decorate your home.
Decorative leafy vines
Homemade curly flowers differ in the shape and color of the leaves, often based on their names. Plants can be dark green, as in the photo, and light purple, variegated and monochromatic, pointed, oval or carved.
Cissus or birch. A fairly common unpretentious plant is a close relative of the vine. Its rich green leaves can have silvery inclusions and be pink from the inside. Long shoots with a mustache cling to the protrusions, braiding support. With proper care in a room environment, a houseplant grows very quickly and pleases with its pomp.
- Cissus prefers good lighting, but can grow in the shade.
- Resistant to heat and calmly tolerates cold.
- Dislikes abundant soil moistening and responds well to spraying.
Money Cards. Indoor climbing plant, for the cultivation of which does not take much time and effort. He can grow in almost any conditions. The flower can be hung by the window or placed in the farthest corner of the room. Its bright green leaves are distinguished by bright spots and a heart shape. Home liana grows rapidly, releasing new shoots that can simply hang down or entangle support. To get a plant with lush shoots, it is recommended to pinch it periodically.
- In the first year at home, the flower grows slowly, but then quickly grows.
- During the period of active growth, he feels well at room temperature, and in winter it is recommended to keep the vine in a cool room.
- Fertilizers for feeding sverdpsusa divorced twice weaker than indicated in the instructions on the package.
Ivy. A curly flower with beautifully shaped leaves, clinging to the supports, can quickly decorate bare surfaces and green trees. Coloring of leaves of a liana can be both monophonic, and motley. Breeders were cultivated varieties of indoor ivy with leaves of unusual color and shape. Most of the plants have three or five leathery, shiny leaves. Some varieties are distinguished by pointed, stellate, oval leaf plates. Ivy is a very unpretentious plant, so does not require special care:
- During active growth requires abundant watering.
- In the spring and summer, every two weeks is fed with fertilizers for decorative leafy plants.
- It grows especially well in bright diffused light, but it also tolerates partial shading.
Decorative leafy curly flowers with large leaves
Monstera. A very showy and popular plant is distinguished by glossy, large, dark green leaves that have cuts almost to the midrib along the edges, which can be seen very well in the photo. In young plants, leaves are whole, heart-shaped. On the support the climber rises by means of thick, aerial roots that form on the stem. At home can grow up to three meters.
- The air roots located at the bottom of the stem can be immersed in the soil, which will provide the plant with additional feeding.
- An ideal support for monstera would be a tube twisted with moss. In order for aerial roots to grow in it, the moss must be kept moist.
- Loves good illumination without direct sunlight.
Philodendron climbing. Indoor plant is characterized by bright green glossy leaves heart-shaped. Their length can be from 10 cm and more. The leaves of the houseplant alternately arranged on thin, creeping stems. Для придания цветку кустистости, его верхушки прищипывают, а побеги привязывают к опоре. Некоторые виды лианы внешне похожи на сциндапсус, но на их листьях отсутствуют светлые полосы, а молодые листовые пластины имеют красноватую изнанку.
- At home, the plant is grown in a well-lit place without direct sunlight.
- The substrate should always be kept moist. In winter, its surface should dry out.
- During the period of growth is fed complex fertilizers for vines.
Syngonium. At home a young vine has bright, variegated arrow-shaped leaves that become lobed with age. On the stalks of the flower appear aerial roots, which will be a good support moss stick. Syngonium has several varieties. Among them are creepers with completely green and white leaves, as well as variegated plants. At home, it can grow up to one and a half meters.
- Variegated species like well-lit places without direct sunlight.
- Requires regular watering, between which the top layer of soil should dry out.
- In dry conditions, the leaves of syngonium begin to dry, so the plant must be sprayed daily.
Flowering Climbing Plants
With the help of flowering vines, you can create a cozy atmosphere and a picturesque view in the house. They are decorated with window sills, shelves and shelves.
Unpretentious flowering vines
Hoya or wax ivy. Indoor vine, as the name implies, is a large climbing plant with beautiful leathery leaves, which is distinguished by star-shaped flowers (photo). At home can grow up to 3 meters in length. The flowering that begins in a favorable period can last for several months. At this time, the plant is not recommended to rearrange from place to place and rotate. It can stop blooming and discard buds.
- Elastic leaves of bright color will grow on the windowsills of the eastern and western windows near the wax ivy.
- During active growth, watering is plentiful, moderate in winter.
- In the spring and summer, fertilizing with high phosphorus content is required twice a month.
Ipomoea tricolor. Liana can be grown as a perennial plant in the house, and as an annual - in the garden. It is distinguished by its numerous green leaves and beautiful blue gramophone flowers, which are very recognizable, which is also clearly visible on the attached photo. They are evenly spaced on a thin stem that needs to be tied to a trellis or other support. To prolong flowering, dry buds are regularly removed.
- It is recommended to grow room ipomoea in a well-lit place, shading from direct sunlight.
- Needs abundant, regular watering. In no case should soil be allowed to dry out.
- In winter, the climbing plant must be kept in a cool place.
Tradescantia. One of the most popular climbing plants, which can be found in almost every home. Liana at first glance can be recognized by the pubescent, soft leaves of a silvery shade and short-lived white flowers. The exception is the Tradescantia of Silomantan, whose leaves and flowers are purple.
- It can grow on any well-lit place.
- From spring to autumn, he likes abundant watering, but excessive soil moisture can lead to rotting of the trunk and leaves.
- When feeding a plant, it should be borne in mind that an excess of nitrogen will weaken the leaves.
Flowering creepers requiring special care
Passionflower. Evergreen vines as an amulet ornament are grown to decorate a house, a loggia, a balcony. Its flowers are unusual and very beautiful (see on a photo). They are distinguished by brightly colored double perianth, cross-shaped stigmas and bright curved or straight threads. At home, they grow blue passion and three-stripes. The first is a liana with deeply dissected leaves and single flowers up to 10 cm in diameter. On the dark leaves of trepolatory passiflora along the main veins are grayish-purple stripes. Its yellowish-white flowers reach 4 cm in diameter.
Main growing conditions:
- Passionflower loves bright sunlight, so it grows well on the southern windowsills.
- Indoor air should be sufficiently humid.
- In the summer time it is recommended to take out a climbing plant on the balcony or in the garden.
Ampelnaya begonia. Hybrids of this room liana can bloom with simple or double pink, white, and red flowers. The plant blooms in spring and blooms until autumn. In order for the winding flower to look beautiful and bloom for a long time, it needs to create certain conditions in the house:
- Begonia must be placed in a well-lit place with diffused light.
- The plant is not recommended to be dried or poured. Watering is done immediately after the top layer of soil dries out.
- The temperature in the room where the begonia grows should not fall below 15 ° C.
Jasmine. A houseplant with fragrant flowers is loved by many growers. On its flexible shoots grow leathery, dark green, peristosyllabic leaves. Each leaf plate consists of seven small leaves. Growing at home jasmine, shoots sent around the twine and supports. The jasmine tubular flowers of six petals bloom in mid-winter and bloom until the end of March. They are located one by one or in the hands at the ends of the shoots. Pure white flowers appear from the buds with a pink bloom. For a year a liana can grow up to almost two meters from a young plant.
- Jasmine prefers good lighting, so it can grow on the southern windowsills. In the summer from the midday sun, it should be pritenyat.
- During the budding period, the temperature in the room where the vine grows should be within 15 ° C. At higher temperatures, the plant may not bloom.
- Curly flower needs abundant watering. The soil in the pot should not dry out, otherwise buds and leaves will dry out and fall off.
Showing a little imagination, from climbing plants in the house you can create a beautiful green corner, among the foliage and flowers of which it will be pleasant to rest after a hard day's work.
Photos and titles
The most common are flowering and unpretentious indoor vines. Among the many names of indoor vines, the most popular plants are cissus (birch), seedlings, and common ivy.
According to one version, it is believed that the name of this room liana comes from the word "monster" because of the huge rugged leaves and hanging roots, which the first travelers who saw the monster in the tropics, perceived as the monster's legs. Often it is called the "moan" for the bizarre forms of its roots. Monstera often grows on treetops, where its seeds are brought by birds. From there, with the help of its aerial roots, it reaches the soil and takes root. Under natural conditions, it is able to reach tens of meters in length, at home - 5-6.
Monstera has huge, wiry, dark green leaves on long cuttings up to 0.5 m. Solid, heart-shaped leaves eventually become peristisolate with slits.
In addition to the main stem, monsters are well developed additional. They are, in fact, air roots, which give the plant additional moisture and nourishment, which serve as additional supports. They grow from the nodes of the main stem and grow towards the soil to take root there. Monster from South and Central America, belongs to the genus of Aroids. Of the 30 known species in the home are grown such as oblique and non-oblique Monstera, Monstera perforated (Adanson), charming Monstera (delicacy). For all these species it is important in the room bright place and space.
Fully plant grows on the 4th-5th year of its life and has a diameter of up to 3 meters, it clings tightly to the walls with its side roots. But at the same time she needs additional props and tying.
It blooms at home monstera rarely. The flowers are small, representing the inflorescence cob with a white-green hood. After flowering, the cob is formed with a sour taste and the smell of pineapple.
Fruits of the Monstera delicacy in their homeland are eaten.
Indoor flower creeper is a liana, one of the 25 species of the Aroid family from Southeast Asia. Due to its similarity with ivy, it got its name from the Greek word skindapsus. Like the monstera, it has, in addition to the fibrous underground root system, also additional aerial roots.
In room conditions, money pool also grows well, unpretentious. It has oval, alternately located on the stem, of different patterns and shades of green sinewy leaves. Almost never blooms.
It can grow in both dark and light rooms. This climbing houseplant popularly received the name of the visual similarity - "grapes" and "ivy". In fact, it is an ampel bush with flexible spikes with tendrils, therefore it forms a crown very beautifully from a hanging pot or on a stand. Belongs to the family Grape.
Cissus has simple oval or dissected leaves, rarely blooms in indoor conditions. Flowers from cissus are small, collected in false umbrellas.
Most often, Cissus Antarctic and Cissus rhombolic are grown in indoor conditions - shade and temperature-tolerant plants. In winter, these species are able to withstand a temperature drop to minus 10 degrees, and in the summer to transfer hot and dry air.
Philodendron is one of the numerous genera of the Aroid family, including up to 900 items. The name in translation from the Greek sounds “love tree” and reflects the essence of the growth of this vine plant. It grows in tropical forests, is found in the marshes, on the banks of rivers, in the lower zones of the mountains. Has aerial roots and suckers. It differs in life forms depending on the habitat.
Like other crested species, it is a semi-epiphypite. Some of its primary forms may be fully epiphyte, that is, climbing plants. Of these, only the secondary form takes root.
Under philodendron, in vivo, the main characteristics of liana plants are presented: underground and aerial root systems, antennae and suckers. The philodendron develops two types of leaves: first it is scaly, in the axils of which lateral buds develop (photo), and then ordinary, on a long petiole, inside which bud embryos are formed.
Scale-like leaves are also called cataphylls - usually green, solid during the period of protection of the buds on the stem. Then, when the leaf is formed, the cataphills fall off, leaving traces on the stem.
The leaves of the philodendron alternate on the stem with vagina. The leaves of some species reach up to 2 meters in length. The shape of the leaves of this plant can be oval, arrow-shaped and other forms, whole and dissected, sometimes twice. At seedling leaves heart-shaped.
An interesting fact is that at the philodendron on the same plant there are leaves of different forms. In adult plants, as a result of morphogenesis, leaves of various shapes and sizes are formed.
Flowers also have much in common with other types of lianovah - this is the inflorescence-ear, forming the fruit-ear. The ear is similar to wax due to the density of flowers, self-pollinating.
Another representative of liana is syngonium. The stems of a young plant are involved in photosynthesis, have a width of from a few millimeters at an early age to 6 cm in the period of its maximum development. With age, the outer epidermis has a slight tendency to crackle, reducing the flexibility of the stem. There are species with a wax coating of the stem.
The roots of the signonium of two types - feeding and livestock-growing.
The leaves of the syngonium are cut into several parts. The lower part is relatively smooth. On the top sheet there is a barely noticeable longitudinal vein; the lateral veins do not reach the edge of the leaf. The reticulated nature of venation is a distinctive feature of the leaves of syngonium.
Inflorescences, cobs have small distances between the flowers.
Flowering indoor vines are striking in their beauty. The saturation of colors, waxes of the figures of flower petals, aroma attract and cause admiration. One of these flowers is hoya. Hoya - a genus of lianovs from the Lastovnev family - curly evergreen. It has oval, leathery leaves ovoid. Inflorescences are axillary, with a rounded fleshy halo with five members. Flowers gathered in an umbrella.
Hoya grows in both warm and cool rooms; it is also picky for air.
The second name stephanotis - Madagascar Jasmine or Marsdenia. From the Greek words "stephanos" - the crown and "otos" - the ear, refers to the Lastovnev family. The name was given by the shape of a flower, resembling a crown with petals bent away like ears. At home, of the 16 species, only Stefanotis Floribunda is grown, which is a flowering indoor vine.
In room conditions, the flower reaches 5 meters in length. Its leaves are oval with a pointed apex, leathery, entire, dark green, 7–9 cm long, and 4–5 cm wide. The flowers in Stephanotis are room waxy, like funnel, up to 4 cm in diameter, fragrant. Flowers are white or cream color. Under natural conditions, there are flowers of both yellow and light lilac color. They form a bunch of inflorescences, numbering up to 7 flowers.
She is the most attractive of the home blooming vines, but whimsical. At home, it reaches up to 4 meters in length, has leathery, shiny, dark green oval, with a spike at the top of the leaves.
It is formed both as a climbing vine, and as a bush. But the decoration is large funnel-shaped flowers, which are white, crimson, red or pink. Each flower has five petals. On one plant can bloom up to 80 flowers at the same time and not wilt within 10 days. The flowering period - from spring to autumn.
Due to their beauty for florists, the most popular types of diploadia are:
- mandeville is brilliant,
- Mandeville Sander,
- Mandevilla is loose,
- Mandevilla Bolivian,
- mandevilla is superb.
Mandeville does not tolerate low temperatures. For a better update of the root and the formation of the crown she really needs pruning.
Tunbergia - Liana from the Acanthus family. It is in room conditions up to 1.5 meters. Heart-shaped leaves at the base, up to 7 centimeters long. It is one of the fastest growing plants in the Aroid family. It can be either in the form of a bush or a vine or a grassy plant.
Some of its species are annuals. One of the annual species is Tunbergy cruise. Without problems from seed grows in room conditions up to 1.8 meters. Beautiful blooming liana. Leaves - arrow-shaped, on thin petioles. Flowers - tubular, bright orange, with chocolate-brown pharynx. There are species with yellow and white flowers.
Unpretentious, comfortable feeling at an average room temperature. It is important that the place for it is well lit, but without direct sunlight. It tolerates dry air, but loves spraying. In addition, spraying helps her avoid spider mite infection.
Indoor ivy (cheder) is an unpretentious and in room conditions perennial liana, which has many forms and species. Ivy is decorated with deltoid leaves on long stems.
The flowers in most species are located at the ends of the branches, small, combined in a brush, whole or five-toothed calyx, corolla - five-lobed, five stamens, pistil at the base with a fleshy disc.
The fruit of the ivy is a black or yellow berries, with three to five seeds each.
It tolerates the shadow, and in well-lit areas blooms.
Features of growing
If there are no individual recommendations, then when growing room vines, one should adhere to the conditions necessary for most of their species: diffused lighting, high humidity, frequent spraying, watering as the soil dries, fresh air, fertile but light soil.
In order for the plant not to hurt and to have a chic look, it does not need to be placed near heating devices, it is necessary to do regular spraying with purified water. The soil moisture should also be monitored so that the roots are not in the dried ground for a long time.
Waterlogging acts adversely on the roots, because the mold can grow in them. To avoid this, drainage must be cleaned.
With the help of liana plants each house will look more alive, brighter, more comfortable. The bends of the branches soothe, and the flowers - will delight!
Most of these climbers grow in tropical forests.where most of the year reigns warm but humid weather. Many of them can be grown at home, as they grow well, can multiply by grafting, and also do not require special conditions of detention and care.Potted Vines
Although these plants have much in common, but still the varieties of vines differ from each other. Their shoots can be thick, but flexible enough, or be grassy. For many creepers, the main stems lignify over time. They can also be annuals or perennials, shed their foliage every year, or stay green for 12 months a year.
Those vines that are grown at home are mostly evergreen perennials. И это естественно, ведь дома не выращивают растения, которые половину года стоят без листвы. Также в комнатных условиях не выращивают гибкие или одревесневевшие лианы, а только травянистые.
Делятся такие многолетники и на классы – в зависимости от того, как они крепятся к опорам в процессе роста. They are corneal - if attached to supports with their rhizomes, or curly - if they cling to side shoots or tendrils. There is a third type of such plants - supported, which are attached to the supports with the help of suction cups.
Most often, in indoor conditions, lovers of domestic plants grow climbing perennials, because they can be twisted around various supports to give the plant the best shape.
There are many climbing perennials that are grown at home with pleasure:
- Hoya and a number of other equally beautiful vines.
The root system of root-coring produces a special sticky mass with which they are attached to any surface (even to a smooth one). The main representatives of this type are ficuses, ivy and selenitsereusy.
In leaning species, special spikes, hooks, as well as special pubescence grow. It is these natural "devices" that allow the vines to be attached to the supports.
Care for indoor vines
Despite some difference between the varieties of these plants, they combine the following features:
- lighting should only be diffused
- air humidity should be at least 75 - 80%.
Direct sunlight falling on the foliage of these perennials (or annuals) leaves burns on it, and the plants start to ache. And when the humidity of the air below 70% of the foliage will dry, turn yellow and fall off. As a result, instead of a beautiful vine with decorative foliage or beautiful flowers in the house there will be a naked shoot with several leaves.Clerodendrum
Therefore, the main thing that should be provided for such perennials - special lighting and high humidity in the room.
The nuances of lighting these plants
Most of these homemade perennials love shady or semi-shady places in the apartment, and some feel best in the shade. But some species like bright, but diffused light. These are plants with multi-colored variegated foliage:
For these evergreen vines, bright light is simply necessary so that the colors of the foliage do not fade, but one should not allow the sun to burn it. Typically, windows curtain with tulle or other material that diffuses sunlight. Creepers should be rotated regularly around its axis so that a sufficient amount of light reaches the entire plant evenly. Otherwise, these perennials will reach for the light in one direction - such a plant will grow in curves.Money Cards
For rooms in which there is little light, it is better to grow different varieties of ivy there:
- Antarctic Cissus,
- Rhombic Roitsissus.
The main nuances of irrigation, moisture and temperature
All these parameters are interconnected, so they are combined into one subsection. The following conditions are considered ideal for the normal growth and flowering of these “pets”:
- moderate air temperature
- regular airing of the room
- high humidity (about 80%).
In summer, the air temperature in the room should be about 20⸰С. If the room is hotter, you should regularly spray the foliage with water at a temperature of + 20⸰С. But in winter, vines should be kept away from heating devices, and the air temperature during this period should not be above +15 + 16⸰С.
In winter, the plant should also be sprayed, but with warmer water.
Watering these tropical perennials should be in the morning or evening hours. Spraying is carried out in the same hours. The following watering should be carried out when the upper part of the soil is dry. The plant should not be over-moistened; moreover, the soil in the pot will remain hydrated longer under the large cap of the vegetative mass of the plant.
Irrigation water must be at room temperature, otherwise the roots may start to rot.
If the apartment is too hot and dry in winter, then it is better not to bring these evergreen perennials into the house - they will not feel comfortable, they will start to ache and dry out.Monstera
Fresh air is needed for any kind of vines. They are very afraid of drafts, so it is better to place these perennials near the wall so that the fresh air does not catch the plants.
And do not forget about maintaining high humidity throughout the year. In addition to regular spraying, it is necessary to arrange a shower plant every 30 days. After all, the dust from the foliage is difficult to remove with a wet rag or sponge, so you have to wash it off with running water. Such an event is still a prevention against the appearance of spider mites.
The shower must be warm and the stream of water must be weak so as not to damage the foliage and the shoots.
Vines are usually sold in special stores in temporary containers, so they should be transplanted at home. But this should not be done immediately - within 10 - 14 days it is necessary to allow this perennial to acclimatize in a new place. In order not to damage the root system, it is better to cross the vine from one container to another along with the ground. You also need to follow when transplanting, so as not to break down shoots and foliage. Usually, these plants are transplanted together so as not to damage either their roots or the aboveground part.Antarctic Cissus
The soil for planting these plants should be nutritious and quite loose, and the pH - in the region of 4.5 - 5.5. You can buy ready-made soil mixture in a specialized store ("Saintpaulia", "Begonia" or "Cactus Plus"), or you can cook it yourself. To do this, mix in equal parts turf, humus and leaf earth.
Some species of vines with their foliage completely cover the soil in the pot, but it must be periodically loosened. For this you can use a long thin wand.
During the summer period, the plant should be fed with organic matter and complex mineral fertilizers. Such dressings will allow vines to grow and develop faster. It is possible to use a solution of cow dung as a fertilizer (10 parts of water should be taken for 1 part of manure). Usually alternate top dressing with organic matter and mineral fertilizers.