Tomato "eagle beak" is grown in our country, many owners of suburban areas. This variety appeared on the market quite recently, but has already managed to gain immense popularity among summer residents. It was developed by domestic breeders specifically for cultivation in Siberia. That is, these tomatoes feel great in a short summer and frequent spring frosts. In terms of yield at the moment, the variety "eagle beak" is recognized in Russia as one of the best. About how to properly care for him, and talk in this article.
Tomato "eagle beak": description of the variety
First, let's look at how they look and what characteristics these remarkable tomatoes differ from. Adult plants "eagle beak" can reach a height of 1.3-1.5 m. The main distinguishing feature of tomatoes of this variety is the unusual shape of the fruit. Slightly elongated crimson tomatoes have a curved, sharp end, actually resembling an eagle's beak. The pulp of this tomato is very dense. Therefore, they differ in keeping quality and can be used for canning.
The size of the fruit depends on the phase of fruiting. In the first “wave” tomatoes are very large - they can reach a mass of 800 g. In the second phase they are much smaller - they weigh up to 400 g. The excellent taste of raspberry-red tomatoes is also what the eagle's beak can boast. The characteristic of the variety, given by Russian gardeners, in this respect is unambiguous - for sweet salads and fresh use, sweet fruits with a pleasant natural aroma are just perfect.
To grow tomatoes "eagle beak" can be both in the greenhouse and in the open field. However, since this tomato does not belong to the self-pollinated, most often it is planted just on the beds. The yield of the variety is 10-15 kg / m2.
Reviews of summer residents
The variety "eagle beak", as already mentioned, is a new one. However, many gardeners have already tried it on their sites. Judging by the reviews, when growing, he does not deliver any particular troubles to summer residents. After all, it was derived taking into account the characteristics of the climate of Siberia. The gardeners of this region, as well as the owners of the suburban areas of central Russia “the eagle's beak” - a tomato, which is actually very good reviews - was liked. Particularly good opinion among summer residents was formed precisely about the taste of these tomatoes. It is believed that in this respect the fruits of the “eagle's beak” are somewhat reminiscent of the well-known “bullish heart”. Tomatoes of this variety ripen faster than many others, which is also very popular with the owners of country plots.
As for pickling, the views in this regard from domestic gardeners are ambiguous. On the one hand, due to the dense flesh, these fruits are not completely deformed during heat treatment and remain attractive in brine all year. On the other hand, due to their large size, in most cases they simply do not pass into the neck of the jar. Therefore, tomatoes of the second phase of fruiting are salted and pickled. As for the manufacture of all sorts of pastes, "lights" and caviar, then this variety fits well for such canning.
Very praise tomato "eagle beak" and for high yields. This cultivar brings some inconvenience in growing to summer residents because of its thin stems. Adult bushes must be tied up.
Next, let's understand how to plant and grow tomatoes "eagle's beak." Seeds of this variety must first be soaked beforehand. To do this, put on a saucer a piece of thin fabric, pour a weak solution of "Epin" and lay planting material. Seeds swell usually after 18-20 hours. Longer in the water they can not be left, otherwise they can "suffocate."
Planting seeds in boxes
The middle-early tomato “eagle beak”, described above, is grown in a seedling manner. Sow the seeds in boxes around mid-March. Plants that have reached the age of 60-70 days are planted in the open ground. The soil before sowing must be disinfected. Planting material is pre-soaked. The seeds are buried in the soil by about 1 cm. The distance between the plants should be 1 cm, between rows - 3 cm.
After sowing, the box is placed in a dark place (with a temperature of 20-25 grams) and covered with a piece of glass or film. As soon as the shoots of tomatoes appear, the container is moved to the window sill. Of course, the seedlings need to be constantly watered. At first, this is best done with a spray gun.
Transplanting young tomatoes into cups is made immediately after they have two true leaves. A couple of hours before the procedure, the soil in the box is carefully shed. Cups pre-poured a mixture of turf land, peat and sand. It must be watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. "Eagle beak" - a tomato, reviews of which are just excellent, however, like all nightshade, not too resistant to fungal diseases.
Plants are extracted from the ground with a wooden spatula or toothpick. Touching seedlings with bare fingers is not recommended. The fact is that the temperature of the sprouts is much lower than the temperature of human hands. Therefore, plants experience severe stress from overheating. Wear thin cotton gloves on your hands before picking.
A transplant is made like this:
- in the ground in the cup is done lune,
- there is some water in it
- then a seedling is placed neatly into the hole (cotyledon leaves should remain above the surface).
After planting, the ground around the plants should be slightly condensed. Next, the soil is watered, and the cups themselves with transferred seedlings are placed in a dark place. After the plants are accepted, the containers are placed back on the windowsill.
Tomato "eagle beak": cultivation
Transfer the seedlings of tomatoes of this variety to the beds fertilized with humus (1 bucket per 1 m 2). Between plants leave a distance of 50 cm, between rows - 80 cm.
Further care for the “eagle's beak” tomatoes is done in the same way as for any other medium-grown tomatoes. The soil under the plants periodically moistened, preventing it from drying out. After each watering the soil loosened. Fertilize tomatoes "eagle beak" three times per season.
The first dressing is done a couple of weeks after planting. It is usually used mullein. The second time tomatoes fertilize in the period of the ovary of flowers. In this case, it is best to apply a special complex feeding for tomatoes. The third time fertilizers are applied when the fruit appears. The best solution during this period will be the use of potash supplements.
"Eagle's Beak" - a tomato (reviews allow to judge it as one of the most fruitful Siberian varieties), having, as mentioned above, very thin stems. In addition, the fruits of this tomato are large, and on the bush they are usually a lot. Therefore, the plants must be tied up. It would be best to arrange for them a special trellis. For its arrangement at the edges of the beds are driven in columns of pipes or bars and connected to the top of the crossbar. Along the entire length of the resulting U-shaped structure, rows of wire are drawn. The distance between them should be about 30-40 cm. You can replace the wire and the usual twine. Tie tomatoes to the trellis need to carefully. It is impossible to push the stem or processes.
Use of stimulants
Breeders involved in breeding this variety, advised to use when it is growing special solutions that accelerate development.
"Eagle's Beak" - a tomato, reviews of which are good - can be started with stimulants even in the seedling boxes. In this case, a very good solution would be to use the “Athlete” tool. After its use, the stem of the tomatoes thickens and hardens. The use of this drug for seedlings can increase the yield of adult plants by about 20%.
For watering, 1.5 ml of the product is diluted in a liter of water. The first time the soil in the box is moistened after 3-4 leaves have appeared on the plants, the second and the third - with an interval of a week.
Mature plants in the beds can be poured with Senor Tomato stimulant. This is done once per season. The product is diluted in a ratio of 50 ml per 10 liters of water. The amount of stimulator obtained will be sufficient for weaving.
As you can see, the tomato variety “eagle beak”, reviews of which are good, is very unpretentious and suitable for growing in difficult conditions of the Russian climate. He is not afraid of frosts, and its fruits are distinguished by simply wonderful taste. If enough attention is paid to these tomatoes during the season, they will surely delight their owners with an excellent harvest.
Tomato "Eagle beak": description of the variety
The grade of the Russian selection intended for cultivation in an open ground, film hotbeds and greenhouses. Harvested fruits are well stored and transported.
Eagle's beak is a variety of large-ripened middle-ripe tomatoes. The bush is semi-determinant, 1.2-1.5 m high. For successful development and good fruiting, forming and tying are required. Very good yield, you can collect up to 8 kg of tomatoes from one bush.
Among the main advantages of the variety:
- excellent yield,
- high taste of fruits,
- beautiful fruits of unusual shape,
- resistance to major diseases.
The disadvantages are minor. Bushes are not too high, but powerful and sprawling, they need to be tied up and stitchling. The plant is demanding on the nutritional value of the soil, likes abundant watering and frequent feeding.
Characteristics of tomato "Eagle beak":
- Fruits are large, even, the weight of individual copies reaches 800 g.
- In the first phase of fruiting tomatoes are larger, the subsequent smaller, 200-400 g.
- The unusual coracoid shape with a pointed and slightly curved tip deserves attention.
- The flesh is juicy, dense, low seed.
- Taste is saturated, sweetish.
- The dense glossy peel protects fruits from cracking.
To compare the weight of fruits with other varieties:
The variety is universal, tomatoes are suitable for fresh consumption, preparation of salads, hot dishes, soups, juices. Unusual fruits are good for canning., salted or pickled tomatoes look very nice in banks.
We invite you to familiarize yourself with the Eagle Beak variety tomatoes on the following photo materials:
Features of growing
Seeds are sown on seedlings in March or early April. Tomatoes need a light fertile soil consisting of a mixture of garden soil and humus.
For greater nutritional value, superphosphate or wood ash is added to the mixture. Seeds are soaked for 10-12 hours in a growth stimulator.. Sowing with a depth of 2 cm, the container is closed with a film and placed in heat. After the appearance of germs capacity expose to the bright light.
In the formation phase of 2 true leaves, the seedlings swoop into separate pots. Watering is moderate, only with warm settled water. Immediately after the picking, fertilizing with a liquid complex fertilizer is recommended. Another feeding is carried out before moving the seedlings to a permanent place.
Planting under a film or a greenhouse is possible in the first half of May; plants are planted in the open ground closer to the beginning of June. The soil should be completely warm. Before planting, the soil is loosened, phosphorus and potash fertilizers are laid out in each well (no more than 1 tbsp. Spoons). Landings are not thickened by 1 square. m place no more than 3 plants.
Watering plentiful, but not frequent (1 time in 6-7 days). In season, plants need to feed 3-4 times. It is recommended to alternate between organic matter and complex mineral fertilizers with a predominance of potassium and phosphorus. After the start of flowering, nitrogenous supplements are canceled, they can slow down the formation of ovaries. Shrubs form in 1 or 2 stems, removing stepchildren and lower leaves.
Pests and diseases
The variety is resistant to the main diseases: late blight, fusarium, tobacco mosaic.
To fully secure the landing, you need to take preventive measures. The ground for seedlings is ignited in the oven; before planting in the greenhouse, the ground is spilled with a hot solution of potassium permanganate.
For the prevention of fungal diseases, saplings are regularly sprayed with phytosporin or other non-toxic bio-preparations. Will help and pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. With the threat of late blight, plantings are sprayed with copper-containing preparations.
Against insect pests, you can use industrial insecticides or proven folk remedies: soapy water, a solution of potassium permanganate and ammonia, a decoction of onion peel, chamomile, celandine. Frequent airing of greenhouses and weeding is recommended.
By planting several Eagle Beak bushes in a greenhouse, greenhouse, or open field, gardeners can count on an excellent harvest. If desired, the seeds for the next crop can be collected independently.
We offer you to get acquainted with the video review of different varieties of tomato, including varieties of "Eagle's Beak":
If you grew Tomatoes Eagle beak, please write, whether you like them or not. What was the yield and taste of the fruit in your climatic conditions? How do you assess the resistance of this tomato to disease? Briefly describe the advantages and disadvantages of this tomato in your opinion. If possible, attach to a comment photo of the whole bush or individual fruits grown by you. Thank!
Your feedback on Tomato Eagle beak and additions to the description will help many gardeners to evaluate this variety objectively and decide whether to plant it or not.