In Russia, as a rule, gardeners prefer a more traditional berry, raspberry currant, strawberry, and so on. The cultivation of blackberries is engaged in a relatively small percentage of summer residents. This is primarily due to the fact - the berry is very prickly. Despite this fact, the plant is commercially profitable, the yield of blackberry is several times higher than that of its relative, raspberry, it is more unpretentious, able to grow well, bear fruit in the shadow and partial shade.
Autumn planting blackberries
Despite the fact that most gardeners recommend spring planting of blackberries, planting seedlings in the fall, there is also a place to be, there are some pluses.
- In the fall, the earth is warm enough; for blackberry, warm ground is important for rooting.
- A gentle sun. In the spring, the intensity of ultraviolet radiation is higher, there is a risk of burn.
- The plant takes root better
- The next season, the blackberry does not spend strength on rooting, plant development begins much earlier.
It is necessary to take into account that autumnal landing is inexpedient in the northern regions, in northern Siberia, Transbaikalia, etc.
When planting, it is necessary to take into account - the plant is moisture-loving. Since in dry weather, you have to water, sometimes three times a week, choose a place near the water source or take care of the water supply in advance. Drainage is also needed.
Berry prefers soil with a high content of acidity. Test the soil acidity test (for details see here), if the earth is not sufficiently acidic, then make special substances, for example, potassium sulfate, which can be replaced with fresh manure. When decaying manure oxidizes the soil, in addition enriches with nitrogen. Consider the structure of the soil. Blackberry is necessary, clay, heavy soil, one that retains moisture for a long time.
Although the plant has the ability to grow and bear fruit well both in the penumbra and in the shade, however, in the sun, the berry will be born sweeter and larger. Proceeding from this, it makes sense, if possible, to plant a blackberry in a sunny place.
As noted above, the fall planting of blackberries is justified only in temperate climates, in southern and central regions of Russia, in Ukraine, Belarus, southern Kazakhstan, etc. The landing period is the last decade of September. Given the tendency to a strong growth of the bush, the distance between the plants should at least be a few meters. This is also due to the convenience when picking berries, because the plant, as a rule, has sharp, in a large number of thorns. You can avoid this inconvenience by choosing for planting, bearingless, remontant varieties (the rules for planting, caring for such varieties are different from traditional types).
Dig a planting hole on the basis of the size of the seedling, the roots of the plant should be located in the hole freely, the root neck is at least five centimeters deep. Usually the volume of the pit is 40 cm 3. Fertile layer (top), set aside and mix it in equal parts with loam and humus, one hundred grams of superphosphate, 30 grams of potassium sulphate. Put fresh manure or compost (unfertilized) on the bottom of the planting hole.
Pile an earthen mound in the center of the pit, place a seedling on it in the central part of the root, flatten the roots, cover it with an earthy mixture, tamping it tightly so that the soil fits tightly to the roots. The plant should be positioned strictly vertically. After planting blackberries in the fall, spill mullein, compost slurry, pour a layer of mulch ten centimeters. Before the first frost, spill abundantly one more time. Cover the plant for the winter in order to avoid weathering and freezing.
Planting time - spring or autumn?
Amateur gardeners are great lovers to chat about plants - the yields of a variety of fruit shrubs, trees, methods of reproduction, fertilizer, etc. But one of the most controversial issues is the timing of planting young plants. Everyone has his own opinion on this, and of course, his own weighty arguments. Consider both options for landing, but you need to immediately notice that both seasons are good for landing, although they have drawbacks.
Planting blackberries in spring
Need to know! Placing a seedling in a permanent place in the spring stimulates its rapid growth, the development of the root system. In the spring, it is easier to control the condition of young bushes. However, the plant is more likely to be damaged by harmful insects, diseases, and drought, of course, with inadequate care.
Blackberry is an unpretentious plant, but it still requires attention to itself, if the gardener wants to get the maximum benefit from the bush.
Proper spring planting of the blackberry begins with the choice of location. It is necessary for a plant with good lighting, with possible protection against winds. To blackberry soils "indifferent", grows on almost any, but not too wet. In the place of planting blackberry bushes the groundwater horizon should not be closer to the soil surface than one and a half meters.
What should be a sapling
The decisive factor for a successful landing is the choice of planting material. Buying a blackberry seedling on a regular market is like buying a cat in a bag. It is better to visit a special nursery of fruit plants, a store or exhibition, order in the online store an interesting, new variety.
When buying, you need to carefully examine the root of a young plant, it should be at least three ten-centimeter shoots and root bud. The seedling should have 2-3 stems with green fresh leaves.
Need to know! A sapling that has rotten areas on its roots, and the stem has mechanical damage, most likely will not take root, and even if it grows, it will take a long time to harvest from it. Various types of defects directly indicate that planting material has long been extracted from the soil.
Check on the survival rate of a seedling with a neat bark incision. If the stem is green under the bark, the plant is viable. The brown color indicates the unsuitability of the blackberry for planting.
When breaking the berry, it is advisable to avoid areas where vegetables used to grow. After them in the soil can be a bad disease for the shrubs - late blight, which is very fond of young plants.
Well, when there are near the trellis raspberries. Gardeners often practice growing these two crops in the same garden. Raspberry and blackberry care, growing and breeding techniques are very similar.
In the case when the blackberry is not tied to the trellis, the distance to neighboring shrubs and trees should be at least one and a half to two meters. At such a distance, the blackberry is where it grows, and the neighboring tree will not experience discomfort from twisting branches.
When grown on a trellis, between seedlings the distance should be within one meter, and between rows - two and a half.
Pit, planting depth, fertilizer
For planting seedlings prepare a pit size of 40 x 40 cm and a depth of 40 cm. To half the depth of the pit is filled with a mixture of fertilizers, which include:
- The main ingredient is manure, 5-6 kg,
- Potassium fertilizer - 50-60 g,
- Phosphate fertilizer - 100-150 g.
When seedlings with an open root system have been prepared for the berries, the planting should be carried out as soon as possible, with the onset of heat. If the seedling is grown in a plastic cup or a cut-off PET bottle, rooting can not be in a hurry.
The landing process looks like this:
- If the roots are open, they are inspected, if necessary, cut off the damaged processes, and the cut sites are disinfected. When the seedling is placed in a hole, the roots are spread, carefully covered with soil removed from the hole,
- A sapling from a pot is simply placed in a hole and covered with earth. At the same time, the plant is taken out of the pot along with the planting soil; it is not shaken from the roots.
After any method of planting, the soil near the seedling is mulched with the available material - sawdust, shavings, pine needles.
Need to know! For blackberry saplings after planting, it is necessary to regularly destroy weeds and loosen the soil near the trunks. Thus, the soil is saturated with oxygen, and moisture quickly penetrates to the roots.
Planting blackberries in the fall
Gardeners who are just starting to grow blackberries are wary of rooting plants in place before winter. On the contrary, people with experience are trying to update their berry precisely at this time. In principle, both the first and second are right - each season has its advantages, and the term spring or autumn is due to objective reasons.
What is good autumn planting
The choice of the most effective time for planting blackberries does not differ by any special methods from other garden plants. The advantages are as follows:
- A wide range of planting material. By autumn, nurseries prepare large quantities of seedlings of various varieties,
- Autumn rains soak the earth well, and after planting, the blackberry seedling does not have a moisture deficit, does not need watering,
- In winter, the roots of the sapling, although slowly, develop, and by the spring they become strong, and with the onset of warm days, the bush actively grows ahead of the spring planting seedlings,
- No worries in winter storage of planting material.
Need to know! When planting blackberries in autumn you need to take into account the climate. If in the southern regions, the landing can last until December 15, then in the middle lane - from mid-October to mid-November.
For blackberries, one of the main factors of successful engraftment is well-heated soil. Autumn in this aspect is more favorable, in the spring it is quite possible to miss the moment when the heat comes.
Site preparation for blackberry seedlings of spring planting can be prepared in autumn or early winter. For the autumn planting place is preparing for 2-3 weeks before the start of work.
The rest of the moments - the choice of a sapling, the place of planting, the distances between plants are the same as for planting in spring.
Blackberries autumn planting must be protected from the cold winter.
I want to note that even experienced gardeners, blackberry lovers, are not insured against annoying blunders, the most common are:
- Errors when choosing a sapling
- Buying planting material in a dubious place and trust unfair sellers,
- Generous feeding plants can cause their death.
What to do if it all happened, and the seedlings did not begin? Do not despair, if the disaster touched you in the fall, prepare your own material for the autumn planting. If the trouble happened in the fall, you need to prepare for planting spring. Nothing terrible happened, and the gardener at the same time gains rich experience, and will no longer allow such incidents.
Planting in the fall: all the pros and cons
Gardeners did not come to a common opinion when it is better to plant blackberries in spring or autumn. Some say that it is necessary in the spring, while others argue that the season does not matter for disembarkation.
Any opinion is the place to be, so consider all the pros and cons in relation to this issue. Let's start from the very first, what they pay attention to when planting seedlings of this plant. The earth must be heated and properly prepared.
And to prepare the land, that is, to clean it from weeds and to apply fertilizer, just everyone advises it in the fall. Regarding the temperature of the soil, it is natural that in the autumn it is better heated than in spring.
On the other hand, it can be said that if the saplings planted in the fall will endure the winter cold, they will certainly be more resistant to weather conditions next year and less likely to get sick. Frost-resistant varieties of frost do not harm in principle.
But on the other hand the scorching summer sun can destroy them. If the summer is very hot, then the plants can simply “burn”. In the autumn, the sun is gentle, so the plants feel comfortable and death from the sun can be precisely avoided.
Selection of seedlings
Experienced gardeners are advised to buy blackberry saplings in special nurseries that are engaged in its breeding. It presents a variety of varieties of both ordinary garden and remans species.
The latter is now becoming increasingly popular due to the fact that it bears fruit longer and is more resistant to both weather conditions and diseases. There are planting material with high and low levels of education of shoots. This, too, must be considered when choosing guided by the amount of space reserved for landing. It is necessary to choose annual plants with several branches of more than half a centimeter in diameter.
You also need to pay attention to the root system - it must be healthy in appearance without signs of rotting. Immediately before planting, you can hold the roots in a solution of a teaspoon of 3% hydrogen peroxide per liter of water. This will destroy the parasites, if any, and give the roots extra oxygen.
Choosing and preparing a place
Before planting a blackberry in the fall, you need to decide on a landing site and prepare it.
In order for the plant to feel well, it needs a sunny place. It is also necessary to remember that the blackberry gives a lot of shoots, so from a place of its landing to buildings and fences it should be kept at a distance of about 1.5 m. The culture gives a good harvest, if the soil is well hydrated and fertile. Therefore, before planting a blackberry in the fall, it is recommended to fertilize. Due to the fact that the roots of the plant lie deeper than that of a raspberry, the soil is loosened to a depth of 0.5 m.
About 5 kg of manure or compost, up to 150 g of superphosphate and three times less potash are added to the pit.
Fertilizers, it is important to mix well with the ground so that they are not in contact with the roots of plants. Gardeners say that after such a fertilization the soil is fertile for about 4 years.
The garden blackberry planting scheme directly depends on whether the plant will produce many or few shoots. If the formation of low-level shoots use the so-called cluster method. Several seedlings are placed in one hole, the distance between them should be slightly more than 1.5 m.
Belt way of planting involves a high level of formation of shoots. Each seedling is planted in a separate hole in a row, the distance between which is about a meter. Width between rows from 2 to 2.5 m.
When planting, straighten the roots of a plant, sprinkle it with earth and water it. It is important that air pockets do not form and the kidney is at least 3 cm above the ground.
The time when planting blackberries in the fall - from the end of summer until the first serious cold. September is best for this. It is warm enough and the plant will have time to take root until the cold.
Shelter for the winter
Blackberry pruning required in the fall. This is the stage of preparation for wintering and preparation for greater yields next year. It is necessary to cut only the shoots, fruiting in this year. If there was no fruit, as in seedlings, the plant is simply cut to 10-20 cm.
In winter, the bushes are insulated to protect them from frost. The scourge is laid, a little peat or sawdust is poured under the root and covered with shoots with agrofibre, spruce or roofing material with a layer up to 15 cm. You can cover the leaves with corn leaves and a film on top. The plant usually does not vperevaet under cover.
Features care for blackberries in the fall
If you decide to plant a blackberry in the fall, then the seedlings periodically need to be watered and loosen the ground. You can also treat them from diseases and pests. The easiest way to do this is to prepare a solution of 3% hydrogen peroxide per liter of water and spray the shoots.
This solution can be watered after planting up to two times a month. This will neutralize the soil from pests, fertilize the roots and give them extra oxygen.
The plant can not be planted next to raspberries. Since it multiplies faster, raspberries will simply disappear. Blackberry is quite unpretentious plant with much higher yields than raspberries. She feels great in our climatic conditions.
It can be planted in both spring and summer, while observing some mandatory recommendations. Blackberries do not bear fruit in the first year after planting, so with proper care next year, expect a great harvest.
Types of blackberry
Without exception, blackberry varieties can be divided into three main types: cumanica (distinguished by straight-growing stems), rosyanika (with braiding branches) and semi-creeper intermediate species.
Cumanica is a plant with upright stems, which is characterized by reproduction by root shoots. This group includes most varieties that easily survive the winter, even if they are not covered. For example, one of the most resistant varieties is Flint, which can tolerate temperatures as low as -40 degrees.
For dews are characterized by creeping shoots, with large and juicy berries. These varieties can be propagated by cuttings or rooting tops. The garden blackberry of these varieties is more fruitful, but it endures the winter harder, they must be covered from frost.
If we talk about intermediate forms, they have recently appeared more than enough. They differ slightly in terms of fruiting, the shape of the fruit, the degree of resistance to pests and diseases.
А недавно появилось нечто новое: теперь садоводам доступна ежевика без шипов. Ягоды на таких растениях абсолютно не уступают по вкусовым и товарным качествам своим колючим аналогам, зато процесс сбора урожая не в пример упрощается.
Подготовка к посадке
If you are going to plant blackberries in the fall, pay special attention to the development of the root system: the roots of the seedling must be developed well. It is also important to find out the characteristics of a particular variety in order to properly plant a crop, observing the terms and conditions.
Of course, planting blackberry bushes in the fall involves extremely cold-resistant varieties - after all, the young plant has to go through a cold winter.
You can plant bushes by choosing the right place: it should be well protected from the wind, have an adequate level of lighting all winter and warm up well. Blackberries - moisture-loving culture, it is also important to take into account, before planting a bush in the chosen place.
Another important stage of preparation for planting berries in the fall is the condition of the soil, because the bush is better not to replant. The selected area should be completely rid of weeds, it is necessary to properly loosen - carefully dig up the place where you plan to plant, to a depth of half a meter.
From what you plant, depends on the further preservation and development of the shrub. Therefore, when choosing planting material, it is important to follow a number of recommendations:
- Decide in advance on the variety you want to purchase.
- It is better to buy seedlings at agricultural fairs, gardening, from proven distributors, in nurseries. Do not purchase from random sellers standing on the road.
- If you decide to come to the nursery for a bush, you must provide a certificate confirming the blackberry variety.
- It is better to buy seedlings in special containers. In this case, the risk of a weak and diseased root system is absent. Also, the content of the germ will provide you with convenience during planting.
- Make sure the seedling is healthy, there are no broken branches, dry leaves, indicating plant diseases.
- For autumn planting in the open field it is not necessary to choose seedlings with an open root system. They are better suited for spring, when the roots have time to grow, gain strength. In the autumn, these processes may die.
- When buying, ask the seller for all the characteristics of the variety in order to meet the correct planting dates.
Following these rules, you will get high-quality planting material that can endure a harsh winter, and in the spring start growing on time.
Where to plant on the site? By all means the main condition for the autumn planting is the right place.
- Near the future place of growth of the bush should be organized watering, that is, it is better to arrange a seat near the artificial reservoir, so that after wintering regular watering is convenient.
- The site should be cleared of weeds and dug beforehand.
- Remember that the blackberry garden does not tolerate excessive constant humidity, so the place where there is a accumulation of water is better to avoid or in the hole to arrange drainage.
- The earth should be well heated, so plant a seedling is better in sunny autumn weather.
- It is better to plant on loamy, clayey soil, with the addition of black soil, so that the earthy lump retains moisture in the future dry summer.
- The selected area should be protected from all sides from the winds.
In cases where several rooted shoots have been acquired, do not regret the place, as the blackberry shoots up to 5-7 m in length. Do not thicken blackberry planting (how to properly trim in the fall can be read here). The distance between the bushes and rows should be planned in advance. The planting scheme is as follows: between bushes up to three meters, between rows up to two meters. This arrangement will give convenience when harvesting.
Important! Make sure that the distance from the blackberry garden to the hedge, the outbuilding is not less than 1.5 m. It should also be noted that in the garden area where the blackberry plant was not used as a precursor.
In the first year, the blackberry does not bear fruit, only side shoots develop, the bush is gaining strength for growth. Fruiting begins in the second year, so you should take this into account when establishing the support. It is better to make it in two rows on either side of the bush. In one direction determine the annual shoots, which later will be covered for the winter, on the other side repeaters, which are cut in the fall. This aspect should be considered in advance, during the autumn planting.
Grade selection rules
This item should also be considered in the article.
- When choosing a blackberry variety for the autumn planting, remember that it will have to go through a harsh winter, so give preference to winter-hardy varieties.
- Consider the future breeding variety. After the blackberry starts to bear fruit in full, you will want to multiply the bush. Some varieties reluctantly give root growth, so they are planted only rooted cuttings.
- Blackberry borschtnaya surprise you, as the harvest will be much easier.
- Consider the time of ripening berries.
Today, many varieties are bred: blackberries without thorns and with them, sweet and sour, round and elongated (examples of varieties: Tornfrey, Agaveam, Black Satin, etc.). Therefore, when choosing a variety, it is necessary to study in advance all the characteristics in order to get the maximum yield and remain satisfied with the berry.
Benefits of Autumn Planting
Gardeners often argue when planting blackberries in the fall or spring. There is no consensus. There are some advantages of autumn planting.
- Land should be well warmed during planting. This usually happens in the fall.
- Autumn seedlings take root better than in spring, as the spring sun burns harder and there is a likelihood of burns, causing the seedling to die.
- If the bushes are planted early in the fall, they will have time to take up, rather than just planted.
- Autumn cuttings and saplings next year become stronger, and tolerate any vicissitudes of the weather.
Therefore, if you decide to breed a blackberry on your site, take these tips into account and wait for a beneficial harvest.
On the garden plots today are increasingly breeding blackberries. Thanks to modern breeding, it has become not prickly, which is why it becomes one of the favorite berries. Our information on how to plant, to take care of a young sapling can serve as an instruction to a novice gardener.
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What is different from fruit berry
Scientists do not use the term "fruit", replacing it with the word "fruit." This definition is used to describe the edible part of the vegetation formed due to pollination of a flower or ovary. Vegetables do not belong to this variety.
- an Apple,
- gravy is pennsylvania,
- cherry plum.
In simple words, the fruit is considered to be any fruit of the plant, ripening on trees and having juicy flesh and seeds for reproduction.
Experts attribute to the berries all fruits, developing from one ovary, and having a juicy flesh and a lot of small seeds. Ovary, in the process of ripening berries, transformed into pericarp suitable for consumption. The fruits in question may have up to several thin-skinned carpels. This category is allowed to include products familiar to everyone, for example, gooseberry, watermelon or banana. Wikipedia confirms the theory described.
The seeds in the berries are embedded in the pulp, with the exception of pepper. Its seeds are located in the hollow inner part of the fruit.
Examples of these berries:
Why not all berries have seeds in the center? Experts highlight the concept - false berries or polynokoshki. These include fruits that have bones on the surface or immediately under the shell, for example, strawberries or raspberries.
False berries develop and lower ovary. Their peculiarity is that in the structure of the berry flower tissues develop that are outside the ovary.
Example of false berries:
In everyday life, berries are called all fruits with a sweet-sour taste and small size. Inside there should not be large stones, edible seeds are not taken into account.
Citruses are considered modified berries with a dense skin and juicy pulp. Experts gave such fruits the name - orange. Fruits with an even more dense skin, such as squash or zucchini, are berries, but have a special name - pumpkin.
How to distinguish the fruit from the berry
In botany there is no concept - “Fruit”. Everything that develops from the ovary is considered a fruit. Berries belong to this category, only they have a narrower name “multi-seeded fruit”. You can summarize - everything that has juicy pulp and a lot of small seeds inside are berries, and everything else is fruit.
In the nation, all fruits of small size with a pleasant, sweet-sour taste and bright color of the rind are called berries, no matter what category these products belong to botanists. All fruits that can not be taken with two fingers is called fruit.
Berries taken to use one or the whole handful. You cannot do this with fruit, it is too big and you need to bite off pieces of it.
Herbal products are distinguished by type of growth. All that grows on grassy plants or shrubs is berries, and only fruits grow on trees. But it should be noted that in this theory there are inconsistencies, as rowan belongs to berries, despite the fact that it grows on a tree.
Fruits consider some fruits growing on cultivated plants. And berries can be both cultural and wild. Small fruits can be edible and poisonous. Fruits have no such separation.
How to explain to a child
In order for a child from childhood to have a correct understanding of the world, he needs to be told about the difference between a berry from a fruit and a vegetable.
For children, information becomes the most accessible if it is offered with a clear example.
To explain what a berry is, the child should be shown a sectioned view of the product, so that he can clearly see that the fruit in question has fleshy flesh and a lot of seeds inside. The most convenient way to do this is by the example of the gooseberry, as it has a visual structure.
In order for the child to understand the difference between a berry and a fruit, you should suggest that he compare the apple and the grapes. The first has a dense structure, large size and dense bones separated from the pulp by a dense partition, the structure of the grapes is significantly different, it is, like most berries, soft and juicy, and the seeds are in direct contact with the tissues of the fruit.
Of course, the berry is also useful during pregnancy; children love it with pleasure. Therefore, I recommend everyone to find out in detail what is the particular watermelon? Below in the photo you can see how it looks, the method, how watermelon is grown in the greenhouse.
And then you can read interesting articles about the benefits and properties of watermelon, watermelon seeds are useful for the body and much more. Enjoy reading!
To learn more about the berry and its benefits for the body, read our articles below, as well as see photos of how the berry looks.
The use of blackberries can normalize pressure, strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Benefit for women is invaluable! Thanks to the berry, the skin is rejuvenated, it becomes firm and elastic.
Below you can see a photo of what a blackberry looks like and what varieties there are. And also read interesting articles to learn a lot of new!
Bilberry helps to normalize pressure, improves eyesight and restores the intestinal microflora.
You can read more about the beneficial and healing properties of the berries in our articles in this section. And also see the photo of what blueberries look like, how it grows and how to collect it.
Useful properties of the roots
In addition to succulent fruits, which are the most popular part of wild rose for the preparation of drugs, in traditional medicine the rhizome of the plant is used. It consists of such useful components:
Its roots have pronounced anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties. Broths, tinctures and tinctures from the underground part of the plant are used to treat digestive disorders, inflammatory processes of the urogenital system.
Drugs containing rhizomes of rose hips normalize hormones, accelerate metabolic processes in the body. They are used for gout, muscle pain and in the presence of pain in the joints, with cramps in the limbs.
Important! After a stroke, it is recommended to take a bath with the addition of a decoction of the root of the plant.
Means in different dosage forms that are prepared on the basis of rhizomes, have a positive effect on the liver, kidneys, gall bladder. They are able to remove stones and sand from these organs.
Despite the beneficial properties of the underground part of the hips, medications using rhizomes should be taken carefully. They slow down the formation of bile, which can cause constipation. Also, dogrose root is contraindicated for people who are prone to thrombosis.
The flowers of this plant have also found use in traditional medicine due to the unique composition:
- essential and fatty oils,
- tannins and other items.
Drugs containing flowers have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Broth from this part of the plant is used in the treatment of conjunctivitis, blepharitis, stomatitis. The use of the inside helps to strengthen the heart muscle.
From this plant make an oily hood, which has many properties. It contains in its composition fatty acids (linolenic, stearic, oleic, palmitic), vitamins A, E, C, F and other useful components.
Due to its unique composition, rosehip oil is used as a choleretic agent. It can be used as a medicine for the treatment of hepatitis, cholecystitis. An additional effect that can be obtained by using an oily extract is an improvement in digestion. Also, this drug significantly lowers blood cholesterol, which will be useful in the presence of atherosclerosis.
Rosehip oil can be used as a fortifying agent to saturate the body with useful substances during the period of spring avitaminosis. It increases metabolism and even contributes to weight loss.
This medicinal substance is also used as an external agent:
- for nursing mothers who have cracked nipples
- to improve skin condition. It becomes more elastic, moisturized, fine wrinkles are smoothed, irritation is eliminated,
- for healing wounds, scratches, abrasions,
- with stomatitis,
- eliminates age spots.
Important! Rosehip oil can be instilled into the nose for rhinitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis. Also apply to the face of wrinkles.
Medicinal properties of fruits
In the juicy fruits of the shrub contains a large number of nutrients with medicinal properties of wild rose:
- vegetable fiber and various acids,
- vitamins - C, PP, K, E, B6,
- minerals - molybdenum, calcium, magnesium, potassium and others,
- essential substances.
Important! There are phytoncides, carotene, organic acids, tannins in hips.
Teas and decoctions from fruits are used as a general tonic for children, during pregnancy and for women who breastfeed. These medicines can be safely consumed in the presence of fever, muscle aches, coughs, and runny nose, when most medicines are contraindicated. They can also be used for the prevention of colds.
Rosehip has a positive effect on the circulatory system, metabolic processes in the body. It is used in the treatment of scurvy, anemia, inflammation of the bladder, kidneys.
Means containing the fruits of plants have choleretic properties, removes from the body the excess fluid that can accumulate in the tissues. Regular consumption of rosehip tea normalizes blood pressure, improves the functioning of the stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, intestines. It strengthens the walls of blood vessels, has hemostatic and anti-inflammatory qualities.
Read! How to brew rosehip and drink it for the treatment of various diseases can be found in our article.
It is used to improve well-being during colds and flu, stimulates the digestive system, cleans the walls of blood vessels from cholesterol plaques, nourishes the body with useful substances.
Important! Rosehip infusion can be used for rinsing the mouth with bleeding gums, stomatitis. If you want to brew dried rosehip, how to do this, read our article.
To prepare the medicine, use two or three handfuls of dry shrub fruits, which need to be put in a thermos and pour 930 ml of boiling water. Infuse healing liquid throughout the day, after which it can be applied inside.
Sing three cups of rosehip infusion per day. During treatment, do not consume more than a liter of fluid per day. To improve taste, add a spoonful of natural honey or sugar to the prepared medicine.
Remedy for men
Hawthorn in combination with wild rose has a positive effect on the sexual function of men.
The recipe for healing remedies:
- Use 1 tbsp. l hawthorn to pour 230 ml of hot rosehip infusion.
- Put this liquid in a small container in a water bath. Keep on low heat for 18 minutes.
- Снимите с плиты, настаивайте в герметичной емкости 50 минут.
- Приготовленный настой процедите, принимайте в теплом виде.
За час до основных приемов пищи выпивайте средство, предварительно разделив его на небольшие порции.
Rosehip infusion is very useful for the human body, but it must be taken with caution when:
- gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer,
- with gastritis, which is accompanied by high acidity,
- with thrombophlebitis.
Cooked drugs contain a large amount of acids in their composition, so after using them you must rinse your mouth with plain water. Also, do not take funds with the content of wild rose for a long time. It is best to take short courses of treatment for 7-10 days each with short breaks.
How to choose and prepare a place for blackberry
The site for planting blackberries must be properly selected and prepared. The best place for culture is a sheltered, sunny garden plot. Blackberries take root in dry areas, but the stagnation of water for it is even more pernicious - the roots rot and the bush dies. The depth of groundwater should not exceed 1.5 m. The site along the fence located on the south or south-west side of the site is well suited.
It is not recommended to plant blackberries on the place where they grew vegetables, earlier than in 3-4 years. Quarantine is required to restore the balance of soil bacteria.
Berry bush feels great on fertile loam. Conditions for good growth of the bush and high yields are prepared in advance - they dig up the soil by 0.5 m and apply fertilizer:
- 5 kg. rotted manure or compost,
- 150 g of superphosphate,
- 50 g of potassium salts *.
* Proportions are calculated per 1 landing pit
The feed dressing is well mixed with the soil. The presented dose of fertilizer is enough for 3-4 years of vegetation.
How to choose seedlings for autumn planting
The accumulated long-term experience of planting blackberry bushes for the winter shows that frost-resistant varieties take root well with a 100% guarantee - they should give preference to gardeners of the Central region and Siberia.
Criteria for successful selection of planting material:
- for planting should be acquired only zoned varieties of berry bushes,
- choosing from zoned, it should be noted that upright (or semi-flowing) blackberry varieties tolerate cold winters much better,
- for more convenient planting and subsequent care, it is better to choose varieties without thorns. It is important to remember that bearingless varieties should be diluted with stem cuttings. When using root cuttings at the exit can get a plant with thorns,
- when choosing between ordinary and remontant varieties, it should be noted that the formation of berries on 1-year-old shoots requires careful maintenance and adherence to the mode of feeding the bushes. On the other hand, remontant plants suffer less, in hybrids - a high natural level of immunity,
- Depending on their own preferences, when buying seedlings of a new variety, gardeners take into account the tendency to sprouting, high or low.
Main selection criteria: A 1-year-old sapling with a developed root system should have several shoots not less than 0.5 cm thick. Preference should be given to seedlings with a closed root system (in the planting container) - such plants take root with a survival rate close to 100%.
Industrial plantations with intensive agricultural engineering
- in the series: 0.7 - 1.0 m.,
- between the rows: 1.7 - 2.0 m.,
* Data are indicated on the condition of cultivation in private farms and manual treatment of plantations.
High plant density (40-45 bushes per 1 hectare) is possible only with intensive agricultural practices - drip irrigation, intensive top dressing, etc.
Risk factors: lack of moisture, dry winds,
Ways to solve the problem: late planting (up to mid-December) with high-quality watering and mandatory mulching.
Risk factors: wetland,
Ways to solve the problem: landing in late October - early November (rainy period). Mulching is designed to protect the seedlings from frost.
Risk factors: strong frosts and winds
Ways to solve the problem: need to take care of wind protection - properly positioned landing. All operations on the bed must be completed before the first frost. Garden beds must be mulched and put shields for snow retention.
It would not be superfluous to remind once again - all varieties must be zoned. For example, the southern large-fruited early varieties accustomed to droughts will die in conditions of high humidity of the North-West.
Correctly (and at the optimum time) the planting ensured a good survival rate of seedlings and a quick spring start of growth processes.
Features of the blackberry autumn planting
Like most berry shrubs, blackberry seedlings are best planted at the beginning or at the end of the growing season, when the plants are at rest. Autumn planting has several advantages:
- for successful rooting blackberry bushes need warm earth, and in the fall the ground is still warm after the summer,
- prolonged autumn rains do not worry about watering young plants, since there is enough moisture,
- immediately after planting, the plant spends all the energy on quality rooting, trying to develop the root system to the maximum, and in the spring it starts to grow,
- next year you can wait for the first harvest.
A significant disadvantage of the autumn planting of blackberry saplings is the possibility of freezing in winter.
On my site there is no blackberry. Although a couple of years ago in the spring I tried to plant a bush. The seedling is perfectly rooted and started up several new shoots. But I did not survive the winter, although the variety was rather cold-resistant and zoned to the Siberian climate. Believing the seller, I did not cover the plant for the winter.
The exact time of planting blackberry bushes strongly depends on the characteristics of the local climate. The main thing is to put the plant in the ground for 20-30 days before the onset of this cold. The seedling must have time to take root well in the new place.
Blackberry seedlings should have time to take root before the beginning of winter
In the northern regions with harsh climatic conditions, they are engaged in planting from late September to early October. The mild warm climate of the southern regions allows you to postpone this period until November and even until mid-December.
The blackberry bush planted in autumn develops its root system until frost, when the temperature of the soil drops to -4 ° C.
Selection and preparation of the site for blackberry
Blackberries are in dire need of sun and warmth. For it you need to select the sunniest part, which is protected from cold gusty winds from all sides.. This berry shrub feels very bad and does not take root in dry places, it requires constant light moisture. But excess moisture, waterlogging and close groundwater levels (above 1.5 m) are destructive for culture.
Blackberry bushes best of all grow on moisture-intensive fertile rather heavy clay and loamy soils. Even on hot summer days, the earth should hold water well and not dry out. On sandy and stony, poorly retaining moisture, soils a good harvest can not be obtained.
Heavy clay carbonate soils rich in magnesium and calcium salts are not suitable for blackberry.
Plot under the blackberry need to dig up well
Approximately 2–3 weeks before planting, the area designated for blackberry should be weeded and dug to a depth of at least 0.45–0.5 m, simultaneously selecting the roots of perennial weeds. Then, planting pits are prepared with a diameter of about 0.5–0.55 m and a depth of up to 0.5 m. The extracted fertile land is mixed with:
- humus or rotted compost - 9–10 kg,
- superphosphate - 45–50 g,
- potassium sulfate - 25–50 g,
- wood ash - 100–150 g.
The resulting soil mixture is filled in a pit of 2/3 volume.
The landing pit is filled with mineral and organic fertilizers.
You can make any autumn phosphorus-potassium mineral complexes with a minimum nitrogen content.
Step-by-step instructions for the autumn planting blackberry
Directly landing work is carried out as follows:
- Water is poured into the pit (5–6 l). At least 5–6 liters of water are poured into the landing pit.
- After the liquid is completely absorbed, the seedling is placed in the center of the fossa. If necessary, pruned dried roots are preliminarily cut and disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate. We lower a sapling in a landing hole
- Roots evenly straighten in different directions. The roots must be spread in different directions.
- Holding the bush strictly vertically, gradually fill the pit with soil mixture. The hole is filled in layers with soil mixture
- Each intermediate layer is compacted to prevent the formation of air voids. The root neck should be recessed no more than 2–3 cm from the previous level. When planting, the ground must be compacted so that there are no air voids left.
- Watered. After planting, sapling blackberries need to be watered well
- Mulch a layer of 8-10 cm from straw, dry leaves, humus, etc. In the near-stem circle pour mulch layer of 8-10 cm
Between separate copies leave not less than 3 m, ranks have at a distance about 2 m from each other. When planting blackberries along the fence or the wall of the building, it is necessary to retreat at least 1.5 m, as the bushes grow very much.
Video: features of the autumn planting blackberry
Breeders have brought many varieties of winter-hardy and even beshipnaya blackberries, so do not be afraid to plant this crop in their summer cottages. With the observance of the rules of agricultural engineering and appropriate care, it will be possible to enjoy the taste of these beautiful berries even in the northern regions.