General information

How to grow blueberries: the best tips on planting and care

Blueberry is a low and strongly branchy berry shrub from the heather family. It easily and unpretentiously transfers winter frosts, blueberries can be found beyond the Arctic Circle. In the wild, it grows in mixed or coniferous forests, most often in the latter. Some pine forests are so overgrown with blueberry bushes that they are called so: pine-blueberry.

In general, this neighborhood is not accidental. Just like pine, blueberry feels best on acidic soils with close-lying groundwater. It is also shade-loving shrub, so it should be planted under a canopy of trees that can provide a constant penumbra under them.

Planting Blueberries

Before planting blueberries should prepare in advance the site where it will grow in the future. Usually, the garden soil is not sour enough, therefore, premature planting of blueberry bushes in unprepared soil can lead to yellowing of the leaves, stopping the development and even to the death of the plant. For successful cultivation, pits measuring 150x150 cm and 60 cm deep each are harvested for each bush. The excavated soil from the pits is mixed with peat crumb (2: 1 ratio), in order to further acidify the soil, we add powdered sulfur. Still, if there is a possibility, you can add kitchen cleaners and oak leaves, and river sand in heavy soils. Such preparation is carried out in advance, the main thing is that before planting the prepared soil should settle in the pits. For example, if you planned to plant blueberry bushes in October, the soil must be prepared no later than September.

Blueberries are planted in spring or autumn, the bushes planted best in the autumn, from October to early November, take root. The best option for planting will be two or three-year bushes with a clod of earth on the roots. Root clod before planting should be wet: bushes planted with dry roots, in most cases do not survive and die. Before planting in the previously prepared soil we dig a depression to the size of the root ball, where we plant a bush. During planting, loosen the earth on the root coma and carefully straighten the roots. Then we fall asleep a hole, compact the feet around the planted shrub with our feet and water it abundantly. If possible, mulch the land at the landing site, as mulch, you can take fallen leaves, sawdust or peat. If you are transplanting old bushes (older than 3 years), after planting, you need to prune the branches to a height of 20 cm - this will help the bush to settle down better in the new place.

Bilberry reproduction

Bilberries are propagated by seed or by dividing a bush.

Reproduction of bilberry seeds

First you need to get blueberry seeds. To do this, we knead the ripened berries and mix the resulting gruel with plenty of water. After mixing, empty seeds and berries remain, which are drained together with the water. Do this until the water is clear. As a result, at the bottom of the vessel we will have seeds suitable for planting. They are something (before drying) and planted in pots or boxes filled with peat. Shoot shoots in a few weeks. In winter, containers with seedlings should be transferred to a bright room in which the temperature is maintained at 5-10 ºС. In the spring, blueberry seedlings dive and then grow. Seedlings are planted only for the next year.

Bilberry propagation by dividing the bush

When breeding by dividing the bush in the fall, the mother plant is dug out and divided into partial bushes, it is desirable that up to 5 intact buds remain on each of them. Landing in the ground is the same as for 2- or 3-year-old bushes.

Blueberry care

Pruning

Regular pruning of blueberries is needed from 3–4 years of age. The damaged, dried, or diseased branches are removed first. Ideally, each bush should consist of 6-8 healthy branches, which will be the skeleton of the bush.

In order for the plant to produce healthy and strong shoots, we cut off the old branches (older than 4 years) to a height of 20 cm. If the bush has given many side shoots with buds, they must be completely cut. The berries on them are small and ripen late.

Shrubs older than 15 years are also subject to full pruning to a height of 20 cm above the ground. This will rejuvenate the bush and help maintain its yield.

The best time to prune blueberry bushes is the beginning of spring, the main thing is that there should not be frosts. Although pruning can be done during the entire growing season of blueberries, late pruning (especially when blueberries are in bloom) will lead to lower yields.

Watering

Watering blueberries requires regular, but not abundant. The main thing is to keep the soil under the bushes wet. Excess moisture can lead to diseases of the bushes (for example, root rot).

Top dressing

In order to have a better harvest, blueberry bushes need to be fed with both organic and mineral fertilizers. Organic fertilizers, such as compost, manure or peat, are applied to the bushes every 3 years with 3-4 kg per square meter. m. As mineral fertilizers use superphosphate, potassium magnesium and ammonium superphosphate. We ate the acidity of the soil is low, again, it is desirable to add powdered sulfur (50-60 g under each bush annually). But with high-quality mulching with sawdust of soil under the bushes, this can be done without it - such a mulch itself regulates the soil reaction well.

Harvesting

You can pick blueberries from mid-June to early September. Fruits ripen unevenly, therefore collect them several times, every 5-10 days. For picking choose berries blue-violet, black. They will become ripe in 7-8 days after they change color. Such berries are the most juicy, sweet and fragrant. In order not to damage the berries when they are harvested, they are not cut off, but twisted a little, seizing at the same time with the thumb and forefinger. Harvest at zero temperature can be saved up to 6 weeks time.

To save blueberries as long as possible (not in the form of jams and compotes and without the help of a freezer :)), there is another proven way to store. To do this, take a glass container, which is calcined in the oven for several hours. In these bottles fall asleep blueberries, carefully peeled from various debris and leaves. Then we cork the bottles and fill with wax. In cool and dark rooms berries in such bottles will remain a very long period of time.

Types and varieties of bilberry ordinary (Vaccinium myrtillus)

Blueberries do not have divisions into varieties, they have not been engaged in special cultivation of this plant. They say that in our forests one can come across a form of blueberry with white fruits, but we did not come across such a plant. Well, this wonderful plant looks like this:

Bilberry ordinary at the time of flowering:

Many people want to grow blueberries in their area, so gardeners buy seedlings on the market or in nurseries. But blueberry saplings on sale are rare, they usually sell varietal blueberries instead (in these plants even the generic name is the same - Vaccinium). To distinguish blueberries from blueberries can be as follows:

  • Blueberry bushes do not grow higher than 40-50 cm in height, at the same time, plants of certain varieties of blueberries grow up to 3 m in height
  • Blueberries are smaller and darker than those of blueberries, and more juicy in taste.
  • And the most important difference, because of which blueberries got its name: blueberries, when used and harvested, paint hands, mouth and lips black, and blueberries do not paint

Choosing a place on the site for blueberries

The natural place of growth of blueberries is pine forest, so for the cultivation of blueberries in the country need to ensure adequate moisture and acid reaction of the soil. Garden blueberries grow better in a sunny area, rather than in the shade, and excessive soil moisture is undesirable for it.

Important!The combination of blueberries, lingonberries, ericas and rhododendron in landscape design is used for arranging alpine gardens.

Preparatory work on the site

The usual garden soil for blueberries is not suitable, in unbecoming conditions, it will turn yellow and may soon die, so the soil must first be prepared. This should be done in advance: if you plan to land in October, then all measures must be made no later than September. For each bush we make a hole 1.5 mx 1.5 m in size and 0.6 m deep. If the soil is light, it is enough to put peat chips, kitchen cleanings, sawdust, chopped bark or rotted oak leaves in a ratio of 2: 1. Powdered sulfur (150-250 g per sq. M) acidifies the soil even more. In heavy soils add river sand. Before planting the soil in the pit should settle.

Did you know?Blueberry is a great honey plant. Blueberry honey is very fragrant, it has a pleasant taste and a reddish tinge.

Optimum landing pattern

If you want to plant blueberry bushes in one row, the distance between the bushes should be 1.5 m. For planting in two rows, leave 2.5 m between the bushes. Before planting blueberries, the roots of the seedlings need to be straightened and the soil loosened. In the prepared soil, we make a hole according to the size of the root, moisten it, plant a bush and cover it with soil. The earth around the plant needs to be compacted and watered.

The role of mulch

Mulch helps to reduce the frequency of loosening, retain moisture in the soil, fight weeds, and in the summer does not allow the upper layer of the soil to overheat. It is best to put on the ground near the plant, without closing the root neck, a layer of sawdust 10 cm thick and slightly mix them with the soil. Another good option for mulch is shredded kitchen cleaning. With less impact, you can use straw and fallen leaves.

How to conduct dressing

Blueberries will thank you for a generous harvest if you feed them properly. Organic fertilizer for bilberry garden can be manure, compost or peat chips. Every 2-3 years they are applied to the top layer of soil at the rate of 3-4 kg per square meter. From mineral fertilizers, superphosphate, ammonium superphosphate, and potassium magnesia are used. At low acidity of the soil (pH above 5.0), powdered sulfur (50–60 g) is added annually under each bush. With quality mulching, this procedure is optional.

Important!Every few years, it is advisable to check the reaction of the soil. This is done with the help of litmus paper: they impose a moist soil on it and wait for a color change. The optimal pH for blueberries is 3.8.

Literate pruning

Proper cultivation of blueberry garden is impossible without high-quality pruning, as the bushes greatly expand. Pruning is best done in early spring, when blueberries have not entered the stage of bud swelling. Late pruning during flowering can lead to lower yields. If you are transplanting bushes that are more than 3 years old, after planting, the branches should be cut to a height of 20 cm so that the plant can develop healthy young shoots. When the bush reaches the age of 3-4 years, it needs regular pruning. A healthy bush consists of 6-8 branches, all damaged, dry or diseased branches must be removed. Side shoots with buds are also removed, small berries form on them and ripen longer. Older bushes over the age of 15 years are recommended to carry out anti-aging pruning to a height of 20 cm. This measure will help to maintain yield. Did you know?In the Transcarpathian village of Guklyny there is the only monument of blueberries in Ukraine, or yafina, as they call it in these parts. The village is located among the valleys of the Borzhava mountain range, where there are large “blueberry fields”.

Pest and disease protection

To prevent plants from pests and diseases, it is necessary to collect and burn fallen leaves, to mulch bushes regularly.

With the defeat of the leaves of bilberry leaves, the bushes are treated with insecticides, and they are sprayed with Bordeaux liquid from the shield. Miskosferelioz affects blueberry leaves, forming reddish-black spots. The plant is sprayed with a solution of "Topsina" or "Fundazole" (2 g per 1 l of water). The appearance of dark brown spots on the leaves means that the plant is struck with rust, a measure of control will be the use of special anti-rust fungicides. Gray mold can destroy the crop of berries. To combat it, the plant is sprayed with a solution of Bordeaux liquids: the first time - before flowering, the second - after, the third - in a few weeks. Also used fungicides ("Topsin", "Fundazol", "Euparin").

Did you know?Audrey Hepburn’s Oscar-winning soundtrack to the film “Breakfast at Tiffany” was “Moon River” (“Moon River”). There are lines in it: “We're following the rainbow, my huckleberry friend, Moon River and me”, which translates as: “We are following the one end of the rainbow, which is waiting for us around the corner - my true friend, the moon river and me. " The phrase "huckleberry friend" literally means "blueberry friend." The author of the song, Johnny Mercer, thus immortalized the nostalgic memories of his childhood, when he and his friends gathered blueberries by the river.

Harvesting and storage

Blueberries are harvested from mid-June to early September. As the berries ripen unevenly, they are picked at intervals of 5-10 days. To collect it is better to take not a bag, but a plastic bucket. Berries choose dark, blue-purple with a whole peel. To tear a berry from the stem, you need to scroll through it, gently holding with two fingers.

To collect berries, you can also use a special combine. It looks like a scoop, consisting of a body and a handle. The bottom of the body is equipped with a “comb” of the rods. To prevent the berries from falling out, there is a hinged door in the front of the device. The mechanism significantly speeds up and simplifies the process of harvesting, but the leaves can get inside with the berries. If the combine is homemade or of poor quality, it is capable of causing damage to the bush. Vacuum berry collectors with a gasoline engine and a pump are commercially available.

A simple device can be built from a hose and a conventional plastic funnel. We put the hose on the funnel, and lower the other end into the bucket. Berries are thrown into the funnel, through a hose, they fall into the bucket.

In addition to berries, blueberry leaves are also harvested. In May, when blueberries begin to bloom, non-flowering shoots with green shoots or individual leaves are cut with scissors and dried. They are used as a drug with a hemostatic, astringent, urinary and choleretic, fortifying effect.

Maximum benefits can be obtained from fresh blueberries. At zero temperature, they can be stored for up to 6 weeks. From the fruit you can cook compote and jam, freeze, mash with sugar. Advice for long-term storage: it is good to bake glass bottles in the oven, cover peeled blueberries, cork and fill with wax. Store in a cool dark place.

Important!It is believed that blueberries can improve vision and cure some eye diseases, but clinical studies on this issue have not been conducted. Nevertheless, the properties of the berries are beneficial to the eyes.

Blueberry seed

To get the seeds from the berries, you need to knead them and mix with water. After some time, the empty seeds and the remnants of the berries float to the surface. Water should be drained until it is clean and the seeds remain at the bottom. We take them out of the container and dry them on a paper napkin. In the future, it is possible to plant blueberries from seeds directly on it, cutting it into strips. Planting bilberry seeds is carried out in boxes or pots with peat. In a few weeks, shoots appear. In winter, the container with sprouts must be kept in a bright room with a temperature of 5-10 ° C. In spring, saplings need to be dived, and then - to grow, and to be planted in a permanent place next year.

Important!For the cultivation of blueberries are suitable seeds from frozen berries. Before planting, they are removed and treated with growth promoters.

Cuttings

The material for grafting are lignified shoots of varietal blueberries. At the end of June - beginning of July, cuttings of 4-6 cm in length are cut with a sharp sterile knife. Lower leaves should be removed and the rest shortened by half to reduce evaporation of moisture. The edge of the cutting is recommended to be treated with a root formation stimulator. Next you need to prepare the planting capacity: pour 6-8 cm of peat or peat-like soil into the box and 2-3 cm of washed river sand. The cuttings should be placed in the sand so that they do not reach the peat layer, and the top should be covered with a film or glass. Periodically, the cuttings need to be aired and regularly sprayed, the sand should not dry out. In the spring, the strongest cuttings are transferred to a permanent place.

Growing blueberries on the site is not an easy process, requiring knowledge, effort and patience, because the harvest from the planted bushes has to wait several years.

Choosing the best place

When planting blueberries in the country, in no case should one focus on her forest relative, recreate in my garden the natural conditions of the penumbra and other preferences of the forest variety of this berry. It is worth remembering that garden and forest - these are two rather different berries. They are the same kind of relatives as bilberries and lingonberries, nothing more. All garden varieties come from North America, where they were bred on the basis of the local Blueberry berries of the heather family.

For the landing, the southern lighted side of the plot is selected. In winter there should be enough snow here, as garden blueberries can freeze in our severe frosts.The best option is the south side is open, it is not blocked by trees or buildings growing close to it, and from the north there is a structure, for example, a country house or a high wall, from the east, and also trees or tall shrubs grow from the west at a distance. Such a pocket will generate solar heat in the summer, especially the southern wall of the house, and in winter it will trap enough snow to cover the blueberries.

When the seeds are prepared, start sowing:

  • Take a wide tank filled with fine sifted peat and sand in the same proportions, you can add chopped needles.
  • Make grooves with a depth of 3-5 mm, evenly distribute the seeds, sprinkle with soil and moisten with a spraying of a fine spray.
  • Crops must be covered with film or glass. Sprout under bright diffused lighting, you can use fluorescent lamps.
  • Expect germination after 25-28 days.
  • Every day, raise the shelter for airing, maintain soil moisture with constant spraying, do not allow the accumulation of condensate, which is harmful to immature shoots.
  • With the emergence of shoots, remove shelter, thin out shoots if necessary, and continue moderate watering.
  • For the winter period, move the seedlings to a bright room with air temperature within 5-10 ° C.
  • In spring, spread out on separate containers of about 0.5 liters. They seedlings will grow at least one more season.
  • The following year, transplant in open ground. Fruiting can be observed after three years of growth.

The seed method of breeding blueberries requires patience and perseverance, but it is the most cost-effective and productive (you will get a lot of seedlings at once).

Dividing bush

Blueberries are propagated by dividing the shrub, which is a faster process than growing from seed. In the autumn, dig up an adult (at least four years old) plant and divide it into several deluxes. Each delenka should contain part of the root system and at least five points of growth. When planting delenok prune shoots, leaving a height of 20 cm above the soil surface.

Reproduction by layering and side shoots

Also, blueberries are propagated by root suckers and layering. So get partial bushes. A partial bush is a relatively independent young plant associated with the maternal common root and land shoot.

The side processes (root shoots) are carefully dug and planted.

Reproduction by layering is as follows. In the spring, it is necessary to bend the stalk of bilberry to the ground, make a small incision and place this part in the hole dug nearby, sprinkle it with earth, the top of the stem should remain above the soil surface. Water throughout the season. Next year (spring or autumn), you can separate the young plant from the parent and plant separately.

How to water

Blueberries need regular watering, but do not allow waterlogging of the soil. The ground under the bushes should be constantly slightly wet. To maintain the acidic reaction of the soil, periodically pour acidified water (for 1 liter of water 1 tsp. Of citric acid). As mentioned earlier, mulch helps to maintain soil moisture. When growing in an open sunny area, take care of additional moistening: sprinkle on hot days, put containers with water near the bushes.

How to feed

Top dressing is an important condition for the successful growth and fruiting of blueberries. It is enough to make a complex mineral fertilizer in early spring or late autumn. Kalmagnezia, superphosphate and ammonium superphosphate can be used as a mineral fertilizer. Blueberries do not tolerate actively decomposing organic matter: once every 3 years, 3-4 kg of manure or compost can be applied under the bushes (consumption per 1 m²).

If the acidity of the soil is low, it is advisable to add 50-60 g of powdered sulfur annually under each bush. In the presence of high-quality mulch from sawdust such a need is eliminated.

How to trim

Blueberry bushes need pruning. The most favorable time for the procedure is the spring period. It is important to prune blueberries in a timely manner - after pruning, they should not hit the frost, and also have time to trim the bushes before flowering. Late pruning leads to lower yields.

Pruned blueberries start at the age of 3-4 years. Cut off the damaged, dried, diseased stems. Blueberries give a lot of young shoots, which should also be ruthlessly cut. Such shoots will not give a normal harvest - the berries are small, the plant will only spend forces on it. Ideally, you need to form a shrub consisting of 5-9 full-fledged (strong) stems with shoots.

Old bushes (age 15 years) need rejuvenation. For this purpose, it is necessary to cut off all the shoots, leaving their height not more than 20 cm. After this, the bush will successfully recover and will bear fruit at the same level.

How to distinguish blueberries from blueberries:

  • Blueberry bushes are no more than half a meter high, whereas blueberries grow to a height of 3 m,
  • The bilberry fruits are smaller and darker, the taste is juicier,
  • The most important thing is that when using blueberries, they paint the mouth, lips, and hands in a dark purple hue.

This is a blueberry photo

This is a blueberry photo

The use of blueberries in cooking

Blueberries contain little fruit acids, but are rich in vitamins A, C, B, magnesium, calcium, flavonoids. It is useful to use them fresh. Consider that consuming constipation can occur when consuming large quantities of blueberries.

Blueberries are used in the preparation of jams, pies, jelly, liqueurs.

The healing properties of blueberries

For medicinal purposes, use the leaves and fruits of blueberries. They help in the treatment of eye diseases (improve twilight vision), gastrointestinal tract, diabetes, topically for the treatment of ulcers, burns, gingivitis, stomatitis. Fresh berries are used to treat scurvy.

The main active ingredients are pectin, tannic, anthocyanins.

For medicinal uses, the fruits and leaves of the blueberry are dried. Store in boxes, boxes, bags. Shelf life is two years.

Adding an article to a new collection

Before you buy seedlings of tall garden blueberries, find out what are the features of this plant, where and how to plant it and how to care for it, so that the bushes grow big, strong and for many years enjoy a good harvest.

About the beneficial properties of blueberries have long been known. Moreover, all the miraculous properties of this plant are not purely "popular beliefs", but confirmed by numerous scientific studies. Be sure to plant a few blueberry bushes in your garden if you want to be healthy, full of energy and live a long and happy life!

Regular consumption of blueberry berries (and it doesn’t matter whether they grew in a swamp or in your garden) helps to slow down the aging process of the brain and rejuvenate the body as a whole. And due to the unique combination of organic acids, phenolic compounds and plant hormones, blueberry berries improve the functioning of the thyroid gland, protect against atherosclerosis and heart disease, have vasodilator, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, choleretic, diuretic and radioprotective actions.

But unlike most crops growing in our country, blueberries prefer acidic soil (pH 3.5-4.5). Therefore, standard tips on planting and growing berry bushes in this case will not work, but on the contrary, will lead to the death of the plant.

Advice on how to plant seedlings and care for tall blueberries, so that the bushes are well accustomed and quickly set off to grow, experts of the company Becker share.

How to plant blueberries

Seedlings of this plant are usually sold in containers. Therefore, it does not matter when you plant blueberries - in spring, autumn or even in summer - the instructions for planting will be the same.

First of all, go through your site and select the most sunny place on it, located on a small hill, but protected from the cold north wind. Remember, shaded, poorly blown and located in the valley areas with heavy soil are not suitable for blueberries.

If you want to harvest a good harvest of blueberries every year, plant not one, but several different varieties of blueberries.

Now that you have decided on the place, you can do the preparation of landing pits. Usually they are recommended to do the following sizes:

  • 50 × 40 cm on light soil,
  • 60-70 × 25-30 cm - on heavy soil (with a mandatory 5-10 cm layer of drainage).

The most suitable for blueberry - peat, sandy and sandy loam soil. If the land in your garden does not comply with these parameters, fill the planting pits with a special soil mixture consisting of 5 parts of red peat, 2 parts of conifer sawdust and 1 part of sand.

Planting blueberry seedlings is not difficult, but requires compliance with certain rules. The main one of them says: you cannot plant plants with tangled and curved roots inside! Therefore, shortly before planting, lower the seedlings (right in the containers) for 10-15 minutes into the water, and then carefully remove them from the containers and carefully knead the intertwining roots. If you do not do this, and plant blueberry seedlings as they are, for the first few years they will grow very poorly, and then they will die.

Place the blueberry seedlings in the pit in such a way that after filling with the substrate they are 5-6 cm deeper than they grew before. Around the bushes, form indentations for watering (wells) and pour at least 5 liters of water into each of them. When water is absorbed, zamulchuyte pristvolny circles sawdust or litter of coniferous forests (layer thickness - 5-8 cm). This will prevent the evaporation of moisture.

Miniature and undersized varieties of blueberries (such as Big blue, Nord blue, etc.) it is recommended to plant at a distance of 80 cm, medium to high-growth (Blue berry, Double, Duke, Lateble, Elizabeth and others.) - at a distance of 1.2-1.5 m.

Features of the cultivation of garden blueberries

There are many articles on how to grow blueberries. But they give such conflicting advice that an inexperienced gardener can be completely confused and "break the firewood." Remember these simple rules and never make the typical mistakes of beginners, which lead to the inevitable destruction of the bushes.

Rule 1. Feed blueberries properly

Despite the fact that blueberries are considered undemanding culture of soil fertility, it must be regularly fed with mineral fertilizers. Usually, three such supplements are carried out during the season:

  • 1st time - in early spring, when you notice that the plants began to swell the buds,
  • 2nd time - during flowering or immediately after it,
  • 3rd time - in the second half of June.

For fertilizing garden blueberries, any chlorine-free complex fertilizers will be suitable (Florovit, Azofoska, Fertika Universal, etc.). Based on the age of the plant, their dosage varies from 1 to 16 tbsp. for the season.

SCHEME OF CONSTRUCTING OF DIVES

Optimum landing times

The planting time of blueberries depends on the climatic conditions of the region.

It should be remembered that blueberries like coolness, so in regions with warm climates, it is better to plant them in September-October, when comfortable warm and humid weather persists.

In the spring, hot days are fast in the south, blueberries may not take root and die. When autumn planting before the onset of frost plants will have time to adapt to the new place.

Healthy blueberry bushes quickly adapt to new conditions and soon begin to bear fruit

: tips gardeners to grow blueberries garden

In the future, blueberries twice a week moistened with 2 buckets of water. To maintain the pH level, 2 times a year, the soil is acidified. In areas with neutral acidity, the foliage turns yellow, the shoots cease to grow, the bush withers and may die.

In the first years after planting, pruning of bilberries is not required; only broken or dry branches should be removed. For the fourth season after the leaf fall, regulatory pruning is carried out, leaving 6–8 strongest shoots on the shrub.

Blueberry bush should be well lit and aired. Over time, they carry out anti-aging pruning, gradually replacing old branches with new ones.

To feed blueberries should be only mineral fertilizers in small quantities (for example, Aelita fruit and berries - 20 g per 10 liters of water).

On a note. You can create a container garden from bilberry bushes by planting plants in decorative vessels 70 cm deep and with drainage holes. In containers filled with prepared soil with high acidity, blueberries are planted.

At the beginning of June, chlorine-free fertilizers Acyclex (20 g per plant) or Piafoscan Blue (30 g) are applied to the soil, buried in the soil. In subsequent years, the amount of fertilizer salt is increased to 60 grams per bush.

Caring for container garden is carried out the same as for plants planted in the ground.

From the blueberry bushes, you can create a container garden, which will decorate any corner of the site

Sowing seeds

Ripe berries knead, immersed in water and stirred. Several times poured water from the surfaced seeds. Seeds settled on the bottom are dried and sown in wet peat in a hothouse.

Regularly watered, slightly open for airing. After 2 weeks, shoots should appear. The film is removed and the containers with sprouts for the winter are removed to a well-lit, cool room (with a temperature of + 5–10 ° C).

You can make pots in the garden, but be sure to cover with agrofibre, folded in several layers.

Two weeks after sowing blueberry seeds, shoots appear

In the spring, after the soil thaws, the shelter is removed, the sprouted seedlings dive into the boxes and put in a place to grow from the wind and direct sunlight. The seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place a year later in the late summer or early autumn. Berries will appear in the third year.

On a note. Seeds for sowing can be used from frozen berries. It is advisable to drop them in a 1% growth stimulant solution (for example, Appina) before planting for 2 hours.

Planting seedlings

For planting should purchase 2-3-year-old bushes in pots. Bilberry with bare roots dries out very quickly and may not settle down. Container plant is removed before planting from the package and immersed in water for half an hour. Planted seedlings in prepared pits, watered and mulched.

For planting it is better to use two or three year old blueberry bushes.

Division of the mother bush

In the autumn, they dig up a blueberry bush and carefully divide it so that each part is a relatively autonomous plant and has roots and shoots with intact buds.

Such shrubs associated with maternal land or basal shoots, called "partial". For good survival, each abduction should have at least five healthy kidneys.

Planted delenki in the garden in a prepared area or in a spacious pot and leave to spend the winter in a cool room.

Planting cuttings

When grafting, young shoots at the end of June are cut into pieces of 5–7 cm. The upper leaves are cut a little, the lower ones are cut off.

Cuttings are immersed for an hour in a solution with Kornevin or Heteroauxin, which stimulates rooting, and planted in pots with peat soil. Water and cover with foil. During the month, moisten the soil, conduct airing.

Rooted green cuttings are planted on the growing area. Young plants are planted in the fall or next spring to a permanent place.

Multiply garden blueberries easily cuttings that are harvested in the summer

Blueberry transplant to a new place

The need to transplant an adult plant may arise when you need to rejuvenate a bush or find a more suitable place. Garden blueberry bushes easily tolerate transplanting.

The old blueberry bush, transplanted to a new place, after rejuvenating pruning significantly increases productivity

In late spring or autumn, they dig up the plant with a large lump of earth and plant it in a new place. Sprinkled with soil, watered and mulched. Old bushes rejuvenate with trimming: they cut off all branches completely, leaving no more than 20 cm of hemp.

Bilberry is a valuable berry crop. Growing it in the garden is not so difficult, you just need to follow the rules of agricultural engineering. Gardeners love “domesticated” blueberries for delicious berries, which you can feast on without leaving far from home.

Blueberry leaves and fruits are also widely used to strengthen the immune system and improve vision.

A beautiful shrub of light green color, which acquires a reddish hue in autumn, will serve as a wonderful decorative decoration of the site.