Amateur and professional selection are aimed at eliminating the flaws and improving the properties of certain grape varieties. It allows you to get hybrid forms that eliminate the "painful points" in popular and sought-after parental varieties. This is the case with the Sphinx hybrid form.
Among the popular and famous grape varieties, a special place is occupied by Strasensky and Timur. They are endowed with a fairly large number of advantages: yield, taste and appearance of the berries. But these grapes have weaknesses: low stability and tallness.
Sphinx grapes are very tasty and fruitful
To solve the problem with these flaws, the hybrid form of the Sphinx was bred. She combined the positive traits of her “parents” and became popular among many winegrowers.
The hybrid variety Sphinx was obtained as a result of the breeding activities of a grower from Zaporizhia (Ukraine) V.V. Zagorulko. Parent forms are varieties Strasensky and Timur. Actively grown by private growers in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus and Moldova. Sphinx is designed to get the bushes of grapes with high rates of resistance to diseases and high growth. Despite the fact that Zagorulko managed to solve the tasks, many growers note the lack of serious advantages in relation to parental forms, especially Timur.
Description of the characteristic features of the Sphinx variety:
- It belongs to the varieties of very early ripening. The growing season ranges from 90 to 110 days.
- Bushes have a strong height. Shoots mature well. The late term of the spring dissolution of the kidneys is characteristic. Differs in a massive trunk and strong branches.
- The vine matures well along its entire length. There are no grazing bands.
- For the appearance of the sheet is characterized by a large form, with the presence of dissection of medium size and veinlets in the middle. Flower bisexual. When rainy weather may be problems with pollination.
- Steady average yields.
- Differ in good rooting cuttings.
- Resistance to mildew and oidium - medium.
- Frost resistance is high, up to - 23 degrees. The variety is resistant to dry periods. Not
- likes drafts and strong winds.
- The Sphinx has a high survival rate and is compatible with grafting as a scion.
- Wasps can cause serious damage.
The maturation of the Sphinx begins in August
Fruit vine should be pruned for 4-6 buds. Later, the budding of the kidneys refers to positive properties, since it often protects them from damage as a result of the late May frosts. Be sure to conduct autumn pruning with the removal of damaged and old shoots.
Despite the relatively high level of resistance to cold temperatures, requires the use of covering materials for the winter period. The thoroughness of the shelter depends on the growing region.
Young bush of the Sphinx
Unpretentiousness is noted to the timeframe of disembarkation and terrain. There are no indications of specific requirements for the selection of soils, which implies the observance of standard rules for viticulture.
Sphinx variety is demanding enough moisture. For this reason, enhanced watering and mulching of the soil is recommended to preserve water in the ground.
To strengthen the bushes is recommended to conduct regular feeding. When describing a variety, the following requirements are indicated:
- to increase the strength of growth using nitrogen-containing drugs
- before flowering, fertilizers containing potassium and zinc, as well as superphosphate, are introduced into the soil.
In order to prevent serious fungal diseases, prophylactic treatment of the bushes with special preparations is carried out. When describing methods of counteracting wasps, it is recommended to use special sweet baits, mesh bags, and also to practice the destruction of wasp nests, which are located at a small distance from the vineyard.
Cluster protection against wasps
Since the Sphinx is very tall, it is often used as a graft on a stock of other varieties with a developed root system, which compensates for the high rates of development.
Actually root cultivation can be problematic and requires competent regulation of loads on the root system.
- A bunch of large.
- Weight - 600-900 grams. Recorded cases of obtaining grapes weighing up to one and a half kilograms.
- Cylindro-conical shape.
- Density is moderate.
- They do not require the urgency of harvesting when ripe, they can hang on the bushes for some time without loss of taste and appearance (indicated up to two weeks).
Sphinx Clusters Large and Free
There are average indicators in appearance, which affects the attractiveness for buyers.
- The size of the berries is large, 28 x 32 mm.
- Weight - about 9 grams.
- Form - oval or ovoid. Both forms can be found on one bunch.
- Dark-blue colour.
Sphinx berry weight from 9 to 16 grams
- The flesh is crispy, dense, with a fairly large amount of juice. The skin of medium density, when eaten does not affect the taste characteristics and is not felt.
- The taste is harmonious with a characteristic varietal aroma. When describing a variety, experienced growers indicate a refreshing, not very sweet taste without any flavors.
- The sugar content is high, the acidity is medium.
- It is not subject to peeling, does not decay.
- The transportability level is medium. When moving over long distances, cracking berries is characteristic.
For this reason, the Sphinx is demanded for the purposes of personal cultivation and sale in the cultivation regions.
The Sphynx variety is intended for fresh food consumption. In addition, grapes are used as raw materials for preserves, baked goods and beverages (compotes, wine, tinctures).
I tried Sphynx on the site Tereshchenko E.K. On a plot of 6 acres, including a residential house, about 150 varieties of grapes were harvested. The soil is solid marl. On the second of August, the acid in the taste was completely absent, but there was not much sugar either. The weight of a small tassel is about 500 g, as if it had already forgotten (there were larger brushes on the bush), berry - 8–9 g. I liked the flesh, at the same time a dense and very delicate texture, so far I didn’t notice anything like other varieties and the thought appeared Do not plant the Sphinx as a top blue grape. Viking August 2 was still sour.
Let me say a few words about the Sphinx on our personal site: GF Sphinx looks good. The form is grafted on the Gift Zaporozhye, bears fruit for four years. Very tall, the vine ripens perfectly, with good resistance to diseases and temperatures. If many forms last season barely moved away after the frost, the Sphinx gave a decent harvest. The clusters were up to 1 kg, ripe in the Kuban about August 5–8 - not bad: we have few black varieties at this time. The taste of the berries we liked: without any taste, but pleasantly refreshing. The flesh is thick, juicy, with a crunch. The berries hung for two weeks after full ripening, have not lost any taste or presentation. For more patience was not enough - eaten. The wasps were not seen near the clusters of the Sphinx. When growing bushes GF Sphinx, I like the fact that there are almost no stepson clusters and the vine matures very early to the very tips.
And this form suits me. Cut it together with Arcadia, and with an average taste of Arcadia, the Sphinx was already overcame. Some berries began to zayumlivatsya. Aligned clusters, berries from round to ovate. A small pea is present, but it did not stop him from selling “with a whistle” because of the full flavor, and not like other black varieties that are cut unripe after staining. In general, I will increase the number of black bushes in the industrial planting.
Sphinx is a grape that has undoubted advantages, but not without drawbacks. It is not very suitable for selling the harvest on the market, but is almost ideal for growing with the purpose of consuming the house: berries are highly valued for taste, and caring for the bushes is not difficult. Sphinx is included in the category of varieties that can be recommended to a novice gardener.
Grapes "Sphinx": description of the variety
This is a table variety. It is obtained as a result of selection, by crossing the varieties "Timur" and "Strasensky". It was brought by the breeder V. Zagorulno. This is a variety of early ripening (100 days).
Bushes are large, the leaves are streaked in the middle. Shoots mature perfectly. Grapes "Sphinx" has bisexual flowers. The clusters are large, cylindrical, large, their weight reaches one and a half kilograms.
The berries are oval, dark blue in color, large, size - 30 x 28 mm, weight - up to 10 g. The flesh has an amazing aroma, juicy with a pleasant taste.
Productivity varieties high. The grapes "Sphinx" (reviews of the owners confirm this) can withstand frost down to -23 ° C. Many believe that the clusters do not have a sufficiently attractive presentation, this in no way affects the popularity of the Sphinx variety.
There are some minor drawbacks:
- Sphinx grapes are susceptible to damage by oidium and mildew,
- clusters have an average presentation.
To obtain a good harvest, it is important to know how to plant grapes of this variety. This can be done in spring and autumn. When planting in the spring, you must choose the time from April to mid-May. Planting in the fall is carried out in October.
How to plant grapes correctly? First, dig a hole 80x80x80 cm. The bottom layer (15 cm) is laid fertile soil, which should be well leveled. 7-8 buckets of humus, three hundred grams of potash fertilizers and three hundred grams of superphosphate are added to it. Stir the mixture thoroughly and compact. You must have a hole, the depth of which will be about 50 cm.
For this, a young plant needs to be placed in water for two days. After soaking, the one-year-old shoot is removed, but no more than 3 eyes are left. The roots need a little shortening.
In the center of the fossa, form a small mound and place a seedling on it. Spread the roots evenly over the cone. Then pour into the well a well-fertilized soil in such a way that there is a small hole near the seedling. Its depth should be no more than 10 cm. Seal the buried earth. Pour water into the well at the rate of three buckets per sapling.
The Sphynx grape variety loves moisture, so it is important to water the bushes regularly with enough water. Waterlogging does not like grapes.
Watering the bush should be no more than once every three weeks. You can use the drainage system or pour into the wells located on the periphery of the bush. They can be made around the circumference (radius - 0.5 m, depth - 20 cm). On the bush should pour 4 buckets of water.
Especially after winter, the soil needs to be saturated with moisture. Therefore, in early spring all the bushes must be well watered. If the winter was wet, then the amount of water can be reduced.
Grapes "Sphinx" needs watering and before flowering, about 15-20 days. In summer, the bushes are watered for the first time only after the clusters have formed. During this period, the grapes more than ever need moisture. Therefore, water consumption should be increased to 60 liters per 1 square meter.
In late autumn, water recharge should be carried out. This is done when the leaves of the bush have already fallen. 60 liters of water are introduced per square meter.
This operation should be carried out regularly to keep moisture in the soil longer. The first time this procedure is performed after planting the seedling, so that it is reliably protected. Further as necessary. You can use peat, humus, straw, fallen leaves, grass. Now there are many modern materials suitable for this purpose. Suitable and polyethylene.
Shelter for the winter
In many regions of Russia, Sphinx grapes (in the Moscow region, for example) need shelter for the winter. This must be done before the onset of cold weather - at the end of October.
The signal for creating a shelter for the gardener should be the shedding of leaves. Bushes bind, stack them on pre-bedded material. They can serve as wooden boards. Gently secure the vines on the ground. Then, over a row of shoots of grapes, an arch of metal arcs is installed. On them the strong polyethylene film stretches. On the side of the film poured the ground or secured in some other way so that it is not blown away by the wind. During the thaw, you can open the ends of the film so that the shoots can breathe. Some gardeners cover the bushes with earth. They are also laid on the ground, covered with earth, and then fallen snow will cover them.
Sphinx grapes are cut once a season - in the fall, when the bushes begin to prepare for winter. Leave 4 sleeves. They will still bear fruit. At least 4 eyes should be left on the shoots. When pruning young bushes, prune a matured vine first. Then shoots can be simply shortened.
Grapes really need additional fertilizer. It is necessary for regular and abundant fruiting. During the vegetative period, top dressing is performed 3 times with an interval of one month.
Young seedlings should not be fertilized, because fertile soil with fertilizers was applied to the lower layer (in the pit). Grapes need nitrogen fertilizers to increase their growth. Nitrogen can be added with organic matter. Before the flowers of the plant bloom, add potassium and zinc salts, as well as superphosphate. This will increase the quantity and quality of the crop.
In late autumn, potassium and superphosphate need to be added so that during the cold season the roots have additional food.
Fertilizers are introduced into small depressions around the bush (30 cm deep). In addition to mineral fertilizers, the plant also needs organic dressing. It can serve as compost or humus (15 kg). This type of feeding is carried out once every two years.
Protection against diseases and pests
The Sphynx grapes are prone to oidium and mildew, therefore it is necessary to spray the bushes with phosphorus fungicides as a prophylaxis (and not only as a treatment).
If gray dust or yellow spots appear on the leaves of the grapes - the plant is infected, take emergency measures. Spray vines before flowering, and again after flowering.
Grapes "Sphinx": reviews gardeners
This variety is appreciated by the growers of our country. What is especially important - he fell in love with not only experienced gardeners, but also newcomers in this business.
Today, the Sphinx grape is widely distributed in our country. In the Moscow region, for example, gardeners note that with proper care, up to 10 kg of fragrant grapes from a bush can be obtained in a season. They are also attracted by the simple care of the plant.
This variety is also popular in the northern regions of our country. Gardeners are satisfied with the early ripening of grapes and its frost resistance.
It is only important to observe the rules of planting and caring for the plant. The variety is quite suitable for beginner growers - with minimal physical cost, they will be able to get an excellent harvest.