Summer this year was extremely unfavorable for the cultivation of vegetables and fruits. Especially strongly affected by the weather conditions on the berries. All beloved garden strawberries in the middle lane were for the most part extremely tasteless, watery and low-yielding. In many varieties, mushroom diseases began to develop rapidly, causing both the leaves and the buds to dry out.
All this was fully present on my site.
And only the strawberry, which I have been growing for the fourth year, has pleased me with a rich harvest of delicious sweet berries.
With the scent of wild berries
My acquaintances, who had accidentally seen my garden bed with a flower basket at the beginning of the summer, were surprised to ask what kind of strawberries were covered with flowers and buds. I explained to them that this is a different culture - a hybrid of large-fruited strawberry and European strawberries.
The landowner is distinguished by a very high yield. On one bush it can be from 12 to 25 tall erect peduncles covered with buds and flowers (up to 250 pieces on each bush). I have this summer on each plant, there were no more than 13, and an average of 8-9 pieces. But even in the cold rainy weather, the landlord blossomed quite abundantly. Its leaves are the same as those of garden strawberries, only the bush is thicker and each forms a large number of whiskers and rosettes, which makes it possible to quickly propagate this culture.
I started 4 years ago with 10 bushes, which were presented to me by one of the leading breeders of the Zemklunik Institute of Agricultural Sciences I.I. Chukhlyaev. Today I already have a plantation of 3 large beds. Berries from Zemkluni-ki are very fragrant and sweet “with a taste of wild strawberry. They are sweeter than any variety of garden strawberries, and contain 11–12% more dry substances, sugars and acids. A vitamin C in the berries of earthlings not less than 85 mg%.
Fruiting begins in late June - early July (depending on the weather) and lasts until the end of August. The first berries are very large - up to 20 g, but by the middle of summer they become smaller, with an average weight of 7-8 g. But in terms of the number of them much more. According to scientists, the average yield per bush is 420 g.
Since the flower stalks of the earthlings are erect and rather high, the berries almost don’t touch the ground, are well blown and do not get dirty, therefore they are rarely affected by gray rot, and crop losses, even in rainy summer, are minimal. Despite this, with a bountiful harvest, I still place wooden sticks with a spear at the end under the berries, this is especially important at the beginning of fruiting, when the berries are very large.
The first berries have a rounded shape, they are more dense than those of garden strawberries, and tolerate transportation better. Subsequent fruits have a more elongated shape. They are colored red or burgundy, in some varieties with a purple tinge. When harvesting berries are easily separated from the cup and stored for much longer than garden strawberries.
Zemklunika good processing.
The berries make amazing jam, in which each berry retains its shape. They are good for cooking compotes. And kids love fresh berries, because they are sweet and fragrant.
Of great importance is the choice of location. It should be well lit by the sun throughout the day. The culture does not like stagnant water, so it should be planted on beds 20-25 cm high and always under black non-woven covering material so that weeds do not overwhelm it.
BEFORE LANDING it is necessary to carefully prepare the soil. It should be very good to dig up the earth, selecting all the roots of weeds, add on
Q1 m 1 bucket of organics (rotted manure, compost), 1 bucket of sand (for better permeability if you have clay soils), 3 matchboxes of superphosphate and 2 boxes of potassium sulphate. I also contributed 2 buckets of wood ash for 10 plants. Further, all this needs to be thoroughly mixed and leveled the surface of the bed with a rake.
The finished bed on top is covered with black non-woven covering material (in no case a film!), The ends of which are fixed at the edges with any available materials (bricks, boards, etc.). After that, you can start landing.
Zemklunik soot according to the scheme 25 × 40 cm. On the garden it turns out 2 rows. I lay a centimeter alternately on both sides of the nonwoven cover, stepping back from the edges of the beds of 20 cm, as the whiskers with rosettes will take root at the edges. Chalk draw crosses every 25 cm in a row. I leave 40 cm between rows. Then I make cross-shaped incisions with sharp scissors at the marked points. I extend them with my hands, dig a hole with a scoop, and plant a bush in my slot in each slot. After planting each bush carefully watered with water from a watering can with rain.
WATERING very important for the earthquakes, especially if the weather is hot. In addition, the plant during the growing season must be enhanced nutrition compared with strawberry. This is due to the fact that the culture requires a large amount of nutrients to form a huge number of flowers and berries. Usually 3-4 obligatory feeding are carried out every year: before and during flowering, and also after fruit set.
DISCOVER earthworks can be both spring and autumn. I planted my plantation in early September. By the end of the month, the bushes gave a mustache with one outlet. For them, I made additional cuts in the nonwoven cover and, as I.I. Chukhlyaev pinned them to the ground in these cuts with special metal round brackets (in the shape of the letter L), which I made from thick wire. In the summer of next year, each bush gave 5-6 outlets, which I pinched the slots in the same way to the ground.
FIRST HARVEST I received the landlords in the second year. The berries turned out to be so tasty and fragrant that I began to propagate the earth’s habitat, reducing the beds under the strawberries.
By the way, based on the experience of this summer, I want to give one useful advice to those who are going to grow this new wonderful culture. In order to improve the sticking of berries, I recommend treating the flowers of the earthfields with a 0.3% solution of calcium nitrate.
Zemklunik is a winter-hardy enough culture. It tolerates heat, cold and rainy weather. However, taking into account the fact that in the middle lane sometimes a snowless “black” winter comes on suddenly, I advise you to cover the landing of the current year with one layer of fir tree branches.
The first grade I planted was Muscat Biryulyovskaya. I really liked him, but I wanted to try other varieties of a new culture for me. Therefore, the following year she acquired two more - Nadezhda Zagoria and Penelope. This year they planted another new variety - Merchant. She planted in late August. What happens - look at the next year. Briefly about each variety I can say the following.
MUSKATNAYA BIRULYEVSKAYA. Bushes of medium height, tall stalks, flowers bisexual. The berries are red, with a high sugar content, elongated, the first weighing up to 20 g, the rest are smaller.
HOPE OF ZAGORA. Bushes are powerful, stalks are tall and thick. Flowers bisexual. The first berries weighing up to 20 g. The variety is very fruitful. Resistant to diseases.
PENELOPE. Shrubs average, bisexual flowers are located flush with the leaves. Like other varieties, the first berries reach 20 g, and then gradually become shallow. Winter-resistant variety, resistant to pests and diseases. The yield is lower than Muscat Biryulevskaya. The berries are dark cherry with a purple tinge, sweet and very fragrant. The variety is still more like a European strawberry.
BUYERS. A very interesting new large-fruited variety (the mass of berries is more than 25 g) with the aroma of wild strawberries and a sweet, sour taste. This variety has the highest winter hardiness. Resistant to pests and diseases.
© Author: O. IVANOVA, experienced gardener Moscow region
Penelope Seed Stork during the flowering period
What sockets should be to survival was so high? If you take them from your plot, then they may be with small white roots (usually plants that have not yet taken root and take root for a long time when they are planted), but sockets must be only of the 1st or 2nd order, and the number of leaves they must be at least three. If you buy planting material, then you need to choose an outlet with three leaves and a good root system.
Plant sockets can be, placing them in 2 or 3 rows opposite each other or in a checkerboard pattern. The distance between plants is 30-35 centimeters, and between rows - 40-50 cm.
If you plant sockets in July, next summer your garden will give you a good harvest of berries. Sockets planted in late August - early September, will release 1-3 flower stalks next summer, and you can only taste the berries.
As for pruning the leaf mass after fruiting, I do not do this, because this technique should be used only if your landlord was sick and the leaves were damaged. The Penelope variety does not need this, on the contrary, the leaves will serve as a good mulch in winter, and most importantly - in spring in return frosts, so that your plants do not die.
And now about the beautiful. Zemklunik can be grown not only as an edible and useful culture, quickly entering the time of fruiting, but also as an ornamental plant. Everyone is used to the need to prepare separate beds, which are predominantly rectangular in shape, for the dredgers.
I learned from my own experience that, in addition to the beds, the land of a wilderness can be grown by planting sockets around a flower bed (and if you also have a lot of flower beds and varieties of land, you can plant a certain variety around each). So you will save space, help flower plants growing in the flower bed, successfully wintering if the frost is too strong, and decorate the flower bed, because besides the flowers and berries, the leaves of the earth nursery remain green for a long time, and even spend the winter without leaving them.
You can turn over the path that leads to the house, with the bushes of the earthflies, and this method will also save space and get an additional crop of berries.
Very good is the carpet way of cultivating earthsmiths. It has several advantages. Firstly, it is less labor intensive, since it practically does not require weeding. Secondly, the frost resistance of plants increases, since there is little space between them, and the soil is almost completely covered with foliage.
Thirdly, you will not have problems with the destruction of the beds, because strawberries in this way are usually grown in a three-year culture, and she does not have time to form a large root system. At the same time, many gardeners who grow land in an ordinary harvester complain that it can be difficult for them to destroy a bed, since plants have a strong root system, and they have to practically “uproot” every plant.
I have no such problems. As soon as the bed is no longer needed, I cut off all the leaves and leave them directly on it (if the foliage is not damaged by the pest), then with a layer of 20-30 cm I cover the bed with straw, freshly mowed grass and other organic materials that you have on hand. After that, a layer of mullein should be put on the straw (mullein, especially fresh, speeds up the decomposition process), and then again a layer of hay. If there is no mullein, then put more grass. Then pour the bed well (better if it is a solution of fermented weeds) and cover with foil. You can use any film - transparent or black - it does not matter. The main thing in this case is that the leaves of the earthlings are very well and quickly rot.
Within a month (and usually two weeks are enough), you can quietly dig a bed. It will be very easy and simple to do this, since you will not need any physical effort. You only need to dig with a fork, you should not do it with a shovel. Working forks, at the same time you will get rid of weeds and roots left over in the garden.
The disadvantages of the carpet method include the fact that the berries shrink over the years, they are different in size and ripening time (even if you grow one variety). If you are just starting to develop your plot, then plant a land wagon in vacant places in rabatkah and flower beds, around bushes and trees. This will allow you in the second year after planting to have a decent crop of tasty, fragrant berries.
Successes to all, health and big harvests of this magic berry!
Photo by the author
This variety can hardly go unnoticed, tall bushes immediately attract attention. Each of them has 18-20 flowers, of which there are round-conical berries, weighing up to 20-25 g. The yield of one bush is 400-450 grams.
Fruits have a nutmeg flavor, thick and juicy flesh. "Nadezhda Zagorye" has a high resistance to most diseases characteristic of strawberries.
The bushes of this variety are quite tall, dark red fruits have an oval shape. In the first years the size of the berries reaches 20 g. In the future, the fruits become smaller, but retain their unique dessert taste. The ripening period is from June 20 to July 20. The advantage of the winter variety “Diana” is resistance to gray rot, as well as high frost resistance. It is recommended to transplant an adult plant once every three years.
This variety is popular with middleland gardeners and southern regions of our country. "Penelope" has a high frost resistance and is able to withstand even the most adverse weather conditions. Bushes of medium size with abundant fruiting, yield of one bush up to three hundred grams. The berries are round, dark red in color with a purple tint, weighing from 11 to 20 grams. The flesh of the fruit is tender, sweet with a pleasant sourness. The ripening period is the beginning-middle of July.
Bushes varieties "Raisa" grow rapidly, are not afraid of adverse weather, and are resistant to repeated frosts. Dark red fruits with a violet tinge have an oval-conical shape, dense sweet flesh, pronounced strawberry flavor. The variety is resistant to various diseases. The yield per bush reaches an average of 350 grams. The ripening period is the end of June - the beginning of July.
Tall and sprawling bushes of this variety are highly resistant to frost and sudden weather changes. Absolutely unpretentious in the care of the type of landowners. Possesses plentiful flowering, and in a consequence the fruits having juicy pulp and pronounced aroma. The berries are not showered from the branches, perhaps their long-term storage and transportation. The yield from one bush does not exceed three hundred grams.
Medium-term variety, bushes are large stalkers, towering above the foliage. The berries are wine-colored, large (25-30g), with a pronounced muscat flavor and slightly sour, exude a strawberry flavor. One bush gives a high yield (350-400 grams). As practically all varieties of earthfly are resistant to various diseases and adverse external factors. Berries can be stored for several months.
Despite its name, the fruits of this variety are large (20-25 grams), the flesh has a sweet and sour taste, with a dense consistency.
A relatively new variety obtained in the late 80s of the last century, the berries have an elongated cylindrical shape. Despite the fact that the berries look dry, their flesh is quite juicy and sweet. The fruits are large (13-19 g.), The yield of one bush reaches three hundred grams. The main advantages of this variety are: portability of transportation, unpretentiousness, resistance to gray rot and powdery mildew.
Care for the earthlings
Thanks to its progenitor - wild strawberry, care for this plant is minimal.
Zemclone is a moisture-loving plant, but it does not tolerate waterlogging. Therefore, watering is usually carried out only during the dry season.
A significant part of the energy of the earthshield consumes during flowering, so experts recommend feeding three times per season (before flowering, after flowering and at the end of harvest).
Caring for the site on which this crop grows is weeding, moistening, drying the soil.
Note: the roots of this plant lie close to the surface, so you can not loosen the earth near them. It is necessary to land, that is, sprinkle the earth around the bush.
The plant produces a large number of whiskers, if you do not prune them, then after a while the real plantation of this berry crop will grow.
For breeding the most suitable are rosettes of young bushes. But the most effective result is reproduction by dividing an adult bush, which is produced manually.
The berry is winter-hardy, resistant to frosts up to -30 ° С, therefore it is only necessary to cover it if there is no snow. Covered zimkluniku spruce paws.
What it is?
The brief description boils down to the fact that the land of a dwelling is an unpretentious hybrid of forest strawberries and garden strawberries. Bred by the most famous female breeder Tatiana Sergeevna Kantor, the berry has a more pronounced taste and an impressive size in comparison with its relatives.
Кусты земклуники похожи на земляничные, но имеют более пышный вид: цветов на них гораздо больше и сам куст гуще и выше. Плюсом разведения данной культуры является и то, что ягодки завязываются высоко и это позволяет им не болеть серой плесенью. С одного куста удается собрать не менее 400 г ягод, размером со спичечный коробок. Fruits are especially useful fresh, but for making jam and jams, this is a great option: because of its rather high density, the berry practically does not lose its shape during heat treatment.
This advantage is used when decorating desserts. Also, this plant is valued for winter hardiness, disease resistance, low maintenance, and long shelf life. Also, this berry is easy to transport: the fruit is quite dense and therefore less vulnerable than the fruits of strawberries and strawberries.
The first cultivated varieties of earthworks differed in the poor ovary of berries. Eliminating this disadvantage, breeders managed to bring varieties whose yield reaches half a kilogram of berries from one bush. Common varieties today are:
How to plant a berry?
The agrotechnical cultivation of earthlings is not much different from strawberry or strawberry. The difference is that the bushes grow thicker and razlohimi, so when disembarking, leave between them a considerable distance. This will contribute to natural ventilation and allow the bushes to grow more magnificently.
To prepare the ground for planting, apply a mineral-organic fertilizer. Based on the 3 square meter composition of the feeding will be as follows:
- 600 grams of ash
- 15 kg of manure,
- 60 g of superphosphate,
- 60 g of ammonium nitrate.
Since the earthfruit has the genes of a wild plant - wild strawberry, it needs minimal care.
This plant is very moisture-loving, but it does not tolerate waterlogging. Frequent and abundant watering is necessary only in the dry season, while at the same time, wide sheets retain moisture for a long time in the root zone.
Since most of the energy of the berry consumes during flowering, and it blooms magnificently and can serve as a good decoration for your site, it must be fed several times during the season. The first - before flowering, the second - at the end of flowering and the third - when the harvest is already gathered. Both mineral and organic supplements that do not differ from those of strawberries and strawberries are suitable.
Also foliar top dressings are effective: solutions of potassium permanganate (0.2%), boric acid (0.2%), urea (at the rate of 45 g per 15 liters of water).
Protection against diseases and pests
Gardeners claim that this berry is practically not susceptible to gray rot, is not afraid of powdery mildew and mite, which is the most dangerous pest of berry crops. But preventive treatment of diseases and pests is still necessary. General processing recommendations are the same as for strawberries: spray bushes need three to four times per season with copper-containing solutions, and after flowering, two treatments with fungicides should be carried out at intervals of 2-3 weeks.