Ginger is an exotic plant for our country whose homeland is the tropics of South Asia. It is valued for its properties and chemical composition. This is a spice, and medicine, and an ornamental plant. Many amateur gardeners are interested in the question of how to grow ginger in the country in the open field, so as not to buy spicy roots in the store.
In Russia, it can be grown in different climatic zones, if you choose the right way. So, in the southern regions, where summer is long and fairly warm, ginger can be grown at a dacha in the ground without any special tricks. Here, a plant that looks like bamboo and blooms with interesting buds is planted in the garden as an ornamental.
Under the conditions of the middle zone, a valuable root is grown in greenhouses or greenhouses. In the northern regions, where summer is too short, ginger is grown in home greenhouses or on window sills.
Features of growing ginger in the open field
Many gardeners cultivate ginger; outdoor cultivation in our region poses some difficulties due to its tropical origin.
Ginger is a perennial herb. Its rhizome, which in the East is called “horned root,” branches horizontally, releasing strong stems from 50–150 m from the buds with narrow leaves up to 20 cm long. In order for the ginger root to grow enough, it must be in the soil for 8-10 months. Such a root will have all the beneficial properties of a plant.
Due to the long growing season, ginger is most easily grown from seedlings. To do this, prepare the substrate from a mixture of humus, humus, sand, soil in equal parts. The soil mixture is laid out in a tank with a height of 25 cm, moistened. It deepens pieces of rhizome buds up 3-4 cm and watered. Shoots for seating will appear within 2-3 weeks.
The main conditions necessary for growing ginger in sufficient quantities: a long and warm summer, high humidity, protection from drafts, a shaded area.
All parts of the culture have a pleasant lemon flavor. The beneficial properties of ginger roots are due to its chemical composition. The plant contains essential oils, macro- and microelements, amino acids (tryptophan, threonine, methionine, phenylalanine, valine and others), vitamins A, C and group B.
Its constituent zingiberen, camphene, bisabolic, and other substances cause anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, choleretic, anthelmintic, antispastic, and other beneficial properties of ginger root.
Site selection for planting
Ginger in the country grow on a protected from drafts and wind plot. Choose a well-lit place, shaded in the hottest time of day, because direct sunlight is detrimental to it. It is possible to provide a shading area for planting.
Another necessary condition that must be observed when choosing a site for planting crops - soil moisture. The plant does not tolerate swampy, waterlogged soils. Growth in such conditions leads to the rotting of thick roots. Therefore, it is better to plant it on high ground or dry areas, and before planting, drain or mulch the soil for better discharge of excess moisture.
The easiest way to maintain the necessary conditions for the cultivation of ginger in greenhouses or greenhouses.
Of great importance is the choice of planting material and its subsequent preparation. It begins to germinate from the end of February and the beginning of March, and in May they are transplanted into open ground.
How to prepare for growing ginger in the garden
Under favorable conditions and proper care, ginger can be grown in the garden. This plant is not sown with seeds, since it does not produce seeds when grown. But ginger is easily propagated by rhizome division.
You can buy it in almost any large store. For planting is best suited to the back with a glossy and smooth surface.
It should not be:
Before seeding it is necessary to put the root for 1-2 hours in warm water. This will stimulate the kidney to grow. In case of incomplete instillation of the spine, dry the part cut off, which will be “on the street”, and sprinkle with crushed activated charcoal or ash.
When living in temperate climates, it is better to grow ginger in greenhouses, because this Asian plant requires abundant moisture and high air temperature. The soil should be fertilized and loose, with a little sand added. The drainage layer (gravel, sand, crushed stone) must be, otherwise the root will rot!
And spring came. From March to April is the perfect time to plant ginger.
- Take the prepared root and divide it into three-centimeter pieces with buds,
- Dig the spine 2-3 cm into the ground with your kidneys up,
- Water the garden bed.
If everything is done correctly, then somewhere in a couple of weeks the first shoots will appear.
Tips or how to grow ginger in the garden to get a good harvest
- Under the root planting, use a sunny place, but without hitting the direct "burning" rays,
- Protect ginger from the wind,
- Little by little and often spray and water the plant,
- Constantly loosen the soil 1 cm deep,
- Fertilize ginger with mullein, and after July alternate organic fertilizers and potash,
- At the end of September, watering should almost stop,
- Harvest immediately after drying and the beginning of leaf fall. Remove the dug rhizomes from the ground and dry a few days in the sun,
- Store the roots in the refrigerator or basement.
Since the climate is colder than necessary, the roots can be a little smaller than the store. But do not be upset about it. The main plant has grown in your garden!
Features of the plant
Ginger is a perennial herb growing in South Asia. Domestic gardeners love this plant and are engaged in its cultivation in open soil or in greenhouse conditions.
The plant has a fibrous adventitious root system, and an underground ginger shoot looks like a normal root. It is decorated with green above-ground shoots in combination with adventitious roots. People make various medicines and spices from the root of the ginger. The stem has a rounded and erect structure, decorated with elongated internodes. Foliage has a lanceolate form, grows whole. The apical part of each leaf has a pointed shape, and the base is the core.
In addition, ginger has long been famous as a medicine.
Ginger practically does not grow in the wild, so it is mainly grown by hand (in the garden, in the greenhouse, in the garden, etc.). For this purpose, there are different types and varieties of plants, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages. For example, ginger species may differ in the growing region ("Brazilian", "Jamaican", "African", "Indian" and "Chinese").
Ginger as it grows and blooms
There are also many species, depending on the color of the slice and skin. Among them are "Raspberry", "Yellow", "Green", "Black", "White" and others. Such rare representatives of this culture, such as ginger with purple or blue veins, can also be encountered. Gardeners will have something to choose from, besides ginger varieties may differ in flavor. Some varieties may smell like kerosene, freshly cut grass or even watermelon. It is worth mentioning the shape of the roots, according to which the plants are also classified (flattened, elongated, rounded, and so on).
Some of the types of ginger
Do not forget that ginger is a heat-loving plant. This must be considered when growing. The maturation of the root in the soil can last about 9-10 months, so some people think that it is impossible to grow a culture in the open field in the middle lane. For this purpose, a heated greenhouse is required, although gardeners are more likely to grow a culture in pots, after which they are transplanted into the ground. The main thing - to create optimal conditions for plant growth.
Growing ginger at home
What should be the soil for planting
Ginger requires planting in a special soil. It should consist of sand, leaf humus and sod land. Moreover, the two parts of leaf humus must be taken on one part of the other components. Although some gardeners argue that ginger will suit any fairly loose soil.The soil under the plant should be well drained. In a trench or hole, where you plan to plant ginger, fine gravel should be poured up to a centimeter. It should be covered with a two-centimeter layer of sand, and then the substrate.
Terms of planting ginger in the country
In its natural environment, the plant is grown from six months to a year. In our latitudes, no more than 9 months is allocated for this, most of which is devoted to the preparation and germination of planting material. For seedlings roots are planted at the beginning of the year - February or even January. The roots, ready for planting, are moved to the open ground in April - May, when there is no threat of repeated spring frosts.
But experienced gardeners recommend not to hurry with planting in open ground, but first move it to the greenhouse at the end of March, so that the plant gradually adapts to the new conditions.
In order for ginger to develop normally, the ambient temperature must not be less than 25 ° C. If it drops to 18 ° C, it will “hibernate,” and it will be difficult to return it to active growth.
Selection of planting materialBefore looking for the answer to the question of how to plant and grow ginger, ask yourself to find a suitable planting material. It reproduces, as already mentioned, rhizome, which can be divided. You can buy it in any store. It is only important to choose a healthy and young root.
It should have a smooth, almost glossy skin, not to be frozen and dry. Pay attention: in order for the root to germinate, it must have sprout buds - “eyes”, like on potatoes.
Preparatory work for planting ginger
Landing ginger at the dacha is preceded by preparatory work not only on the ground, but also on the planting material itself. The root must be kept for several hours in a solution of potassium permanganate or simply in warm water. It helps to “wake up” him and stimulate growth.
If the root is divided or cut before planting, the cut must be processed: slightly dried and sprinkled with chopped ash or activated charcoal. When cutting off the root for planting, make sure that there are at least two buds on the planting.
How to plant ginger at the dachaThe question of how to plant ginger, has its own particular solutions. For its normal growth, the root should be located close to the surface: it grows not deeper, but in breadth. Therefore, for planting digging shallow cuvettes with a depth of 5-10 cm. Planting material is immersed in them in 10 cm steps between the roots so that the buds on the roots are facing up. Remember that the soil before planting should be well hydrated and loose.
After planting the roots and until the first shoots appear, watering should be very abundant, because ginger is a moisture-loving plant. "Hell" they should be in about two weeks. When the shoots appear, watering is slightly reduced, continuing to regularly supply the plant with moisture. It is important not to overdry the ground, but at the same time ensure that the moisture in it does not stagnate, otherwise the roots rot.After watering, it is recommended to loosen the soil, to which the plant responds vividly. Loosen it to a depth of about a centimeter. This should be done during the growing season of ginger. And do not forget to spray the plant, especially on hot summer days. But this should be done in the early morning or late evening so as not to cause burns on the leaves.
When and how to feed ginger in open field
Ginger is demanding feedings that need to be made during the entire growing season. But at different stages of life, he will require different feeding. So, at first it is recommended to use organic fertilizers once every 10 days. To do this, dilute the mullein with water in a ratio of 1:10. In August, they begin to alternate organic matter with potash fertilizers, which help the tubers to form and give them beautiful greenery. Before flowering should use phosphorus drugs.
How and when to harvest ginger
The period of ripening of ginger from the moment of planting is 10 months, but, in principle, the roots are already ready for use and after half of this period, although they are still very small in size. In harvesting it is necessary to focus on the ground part of the plant. Initially, it slightly wilts, then slowly falls apart and dries out. As these transformations gradually reduce watering, spraying stops at the first signs of wilting.
Harvesting technology differs little from the rules of harvesting other root vegetables. A couple of days before collecting the plant stop watering. They dig up the roots with a shovel, clean them off the ground, break off adventitious roots and lay them out to dry in the open air for three days.
Part of the crop can be immediately selected for use, and part should be sent to storage.
Ginger Tips on Proper Storage
It is recommended to store the harvest in a cool dark place where the temperature is kept at 2-4 ° C. As a rule, it is a cellar, basement or vegetable compartment in the refrigerator. In the latter case, the dry root must first be wrapped in a paper bag. So it can be stored for several months.
You can keep the crop dried. Peel the root and cut into thin slices. But before use, you will need to soak them for at least six hours before the ginger is usable. Note that in this case the root will get a sharper aroma and taste.Such an amazing tropical plant, like ginger, can be grown in our strip. Of course, for this you need to adhere to the recommendations on how to grow ginger in the garden. Facilitates landing that you can find planting material in any store.
You can harvest in the first season, but if you want to see the beautiful ginger flowers, you must wait at least two years. With the storage of the harvest, there will be no problems: the root may lie in the vegetable compartment in the refrigerator for half a year, and then it can be awakened again for the next vegetative cycle.
How to grow ginger in the garden?
Ginger is a tropical spicy plant whose birthplace is South Asia. This perennial belongs to the ginger family. Ginger is used in cooking for baking, making drinks. Found its use in traditional medicine.
Many gardeners are interested in where they grow ginger. Although it is a heat-loving plant, ginger can easily be cultivated in areas with a temperate climate, the main thing is to take into account the “tastes” of the plant. Let's learn how to plant and grow ginger from the root.
Ginger - growing in the garden
Those who grow ginger know that it reproduces by dividing the rhizomes. As you know, to grow ginger in the garden, you can use the usual root, purchased on the market or in the store. However, pay attention to the condition of the rhizome, which should be juicy and dense, with shiny smooth skin.
Before proceeding to the cultivation of ginger in the open field, the root must be germinated. Do it in early spring. Best for germinating a wide and low pot. For planting should take a piece of rhizome of ginger up to about 5 cm in length, which has 1-2 vegetative buds. Before the bottom of the pot you need to put a layer of drainage. The earth mixture should consist of leaf humus, sod land and sand, taken equally. Root the root for 2-3 hours in warm water so that it “wakes up”, and then disinfect with a pink solution of potassium permanganate. Now it is necessary to bury the root with your eyes up and sprinkle with a layer of earth a few centimeters above. Planted root should be watered well. Two weeks later, young sprouts will appear on the ginger sapling.
In late spring, germinated sapling of ginger can be planted in open ground. For planting ginger should choose a place in the penumbra. After removing from the pot, place the seedling in the pre-prepared hole to the same depth as it grew in the pot. Spraying is something that ginger loves, so make them as often as possible.
In addition to its health benefits and nutritional value, ginger is also a very beautiful flowering plant. If you are going to grow it for decorative purposes, he will be grateful for feeding phosphorus and potash supplements that will stimulate its growth and flowering. And if you want to use the root for food, then fertilize with compost or wood ash.
Crop of ginger, grown with his own hands, you can collect after the death of the leaves.
As you can see, the cultivation of ginger in the open field does not constitute any difficulty. But the whole summer your garden will decorate this beautiful plant, and all winter the useful spice will be on the table.
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Some of the nerds
Let's get acquainted closer with ginger, an armor. Zingiber officinale, find out how it works, what are its leaves, roots, what they need. So it will be clearer what conditions need to create this plant for the best growth.
Anyone who has seen ginger on the store shelf or in their own kitchen is sure: roots are used. In terms of botany, this is not entirely true. For food, people use rhizomes. This is an escape, that is, a modified stem that grows underground. He is knotty, complex shape. Long, thick, deep roots grow from it, extending deep into the ground, but before selling them, of course, they are cut, they are not suitable for food.
And tell me about your ginger. Cultivation in the open field is possible, check for yourself!
What is needed to grow ginger?
In order to grow your own ginger, you should follow a few simple rules. When you do everything right, you can get a good harvest in the form of a meter high fruit with a perfect root system. The first brick in this case will be the correct root for planting. If you choose it correctly, then this is already half the work that promises success. Ginger can be bought at any vegetable store. The root itself must be healthy and fresh, and also it must have several kidneys on its body. If there is already such a root, then now you can proceed to the second stage - this is the determination of the time of planting ginger.
Favorable landing site
Ginger first planted in a box, and then it can be transplanted into the garden.
On average, ginger needs 6 to 8 months to fully ripen. If you are engaged in growing ginger in your home, then the winter season is most suitable for planting. And for landing on open space, the middle of spring is better suited. The landing period is not the only condition for good growth of ginger, you need to choose the right landing site. Ginger should be planted where there is not a lot of direct sunlight, and also the plant should be protected from drafts, as it is very afraid of them. The ideal place for growing ginger is a greenhouse, and the reason is only one - in it you can safely control the temperature and the climate itself, providing it with heat and humidity.
Ginger needs properly prepared soil.
It should consist of dry small sawdust, leaf humus and sand, it is desirable to use river water. It is also worth making a certain hole diameter for the root itself. Their recommended size is about 20 centimeters. Special attention should be paid to the preparation of the root itself for planting. Before the process itself, it must be kept for two days in water. This is done to ensure that the root has budded and is ready for planting. When the root infusions in water, we get the desired effect. Now it should be divided into several parts, the length of which is 3 centimeters. It is necessary to divide so that on each particle one kidney remains. If they are not there, the root itself will not germinate and there will be no result.
The soil itself before planting needs to be watered. When the ginger is already immersed in the soil, the box must be kept in a warm and bright place, and avoid direct light rays. There he will have to be all the first phase of maturation. Also, the plant should be watered frequently to avoid moisture deficiency.
After 50 days on the surface should appear the first shoots. From the moment they appear, you can safely move the container with the plant to the shade. For the summer time, it can be transplanted into the garden, where it will also be comfortable. This does not end ginger care. From time to time it needs to be fertilized and fed with various organic additives, as well as minerals and substances that contain potassium. When your ginger grows and you don’t see a lot of beautiful leaves on it, this is a sign that it grows correctly. After all, as you know, the leaves interfere with normal growth, as they absorb all the beneficial substances in themselves.
Ginger - growing in the country
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Ginger in the country: growing, care, breeding
Ginger is good not only as a wonderful oriental spice, but also as a cure for all diseases. More and more people are learning about the benefits of ginger and its importance for health. Among the many recipes for beauty, women choose recipes with ginger: they easily get rid of excess weight, give the hair an unprecedented chic, and a freshness and youthfulness to the face. But is not it better to grow it yourself? So it will be much more convenient and much cheaper. Below we will explain in detail how to grow this spice and plant at home.
How to sprout ginger before planting in the garden
Planting material for self-cultivation of ginger in open ground conditions are most often parts of the rhizome that have live buds. You can buy them in any vegetable shop, where they come from Asian countries.
Choosing planting material for the garden should be given preference to the rhizome that has:
- smooth surface
- elastic upper layer
- cover plug without rot
- prominent buds - eyes
- the inner layer without traces of drying.
Since ginger grows in a fairly warm climate under natural conditions, the plant does not have a short summer in regions with a temperate climate for normal development.
How to grow ginger in the country
Based on this, it is necessary to germinate the rhizomes before planting. It is better to start in February-March.
Before planting, divide the rhizome into separate fragments of two or three segments - phalanges. Soak the ginger pieces for a day in warm water.
At the bottom of a wide pot pour a drainage layer and fill it with a mixture of sod land with sand and humus by 2/3.
Pieces of rhizome spread out with eyes upwards and cover with a layer of soil 2 cm thick in the top. Water well. Land in a pot should be constantly wet. After 15-20 days, green cones of sprouting ginger will appear above the ground.
With further cultivation, it is important to maintain the moisture regime and to prevent even short-term drying out of the soil. The temperature in the room should be +20 +22 degrees. Every two weeks the plant should be fed with complex mineral fertilizers.
Keep a pot with sprouted ginger on a well-lit window, but keep it out of direct sunlight. Spilled leaves can be regularly sprayed with settled water. In late spring, ginger should be transplanted into the open ground.
Transplanting young ginger in the garden
For the cultivation of ginger in the garden fit a well-lit area with sufficiently moist soil. Soil need loose, filled with sand and organic matter. A shallow trench is made in it, in which ginger seedlings obtained in a pot are placed at a distance of 10–15 cm from each other.
Caring for a plant is as follows:
- loosening the soil once a week
- weed removal
- top dressing
- spraying in dry weather.
If ginger was planted in February-March, then in mid-September, you can start harvesting. If the leaves turned yellow and the stems began to fall apart, then it is time to harvest. For this, in 10 days, stop watering, after which you can start digging the rhizome with a shovel.
Of course, it is impossible to count on too large a gain, but still it will be full-fledged ginger rhizomes. After everything is dug out, the rhizomes are dried for three days and stored for the same conditions as the other roots.
To obtain flowers, you can conduct an experiment and plant several plants in a greenhouse. Perhaps the rhizomes safely winter and sprout in spring. If the experience is successful, then in the third year the plant can please with flowering. But if the plant is planted for the sake of flowers, then it is still better to grow it in pots, bringing it into the room for the winter period.
How to plant ginger at home in a pot
Growing ginger at home begins with the selection of planting material. The best time for planting is the winter months. Get fresh root with a shiny and smooth skin in any vegetable department of the supermarket. It should not be frozen or too dry, on the "right" root shoots can be seen - it's like eyes on potatoes.
To awaken the buds to growth, you must put ginger in warm water for 2–3 hours. If not all of the root is planted, but only a part of it with shoots, then treat the cut point with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (as a prophylaxis of fungal diseases).
When choosing a pot, pay attention to it with a wide bottom, as the plant grows in breadth. Fill the bottom with a drainage layer of a thickness of 3-5 cm. To do this, mix in equal proportions soddy soil, sand and leaf humus.
Dig the root in the ground to a depth of 2–3 cm with your eyes up and pour plenty of water. If everything is done correctly, the first ginger shoots will appear in 2 weeks. In room conditions the pot is placed in a cool and dry place, with t not more than 15 degrees.
How to care for ginger root while growing
After the appearance of the long-awaited green shoots the plant requires proper care. We will start from the fact that ginger loves heat and moisture, which means that the main task of competent cultivation will be frequent watering and maintaining heat and humidity near the plant.
Do not overdry! It will inevitably lead to the death of young ginger. You need to water often and gradually. So that the water does not stagnate, and the root does not rot, carefully loosen the ground after each watering. Humidity is easy to maintain, if every day several times to spray the growing ginger spray.
Despite the fact that this plant is photophilous, direct sunlight can be dangerous for him, so the penumbra will be the best place. Do not forget about top dressing - like any growing organism, ginger requires the addition of mineral and organic fertilizers: potash - for growth, phosphate - for flowering.
Many people buy it on the markets and in supermarkets and use it as a cure for cold and for weight loss. But few people know that you can grow ginger at home. For this you need a pot of soil, regular watering and a few months.
Domik.ua tells how you can not just grow ginger on the windowsill, but also get a good harvest.
Preparing for landing
Ginger is a perennial herb with a branched rhizome, flowering of which begins in the third or fourth year after planting. At home, the Ukrainian climate ginger is grown mainly as an annual plant.
To get a well-developed root, ginger must be planted in the month of February. When choosing a rhizome that will serve as a "seed", it should be remembered that it should be fresh, smooth and firm to the touch, not very fibrous, and most importantly - have fresh buds (like potatoes in spring).
The rhizome must be placed in a glass with warm water and a few drops of potassium permanganate and covered with a plastic bag so that your eyes wake up.
Then you need to divide the rhizome, so that each piece has a fresh bud. For confidence that the rootstock will take root and sprout, you need to sprinkle it with charcoal.
Parts of the cut ginger should be planted in shallow, but wide containers with drainage from pebbles, covered with a layer of river sand. Next, the pot must be filled with loose soil. The land for growing ginger should consist of 1 part of sod land, humus and 1/2 part of sand.
The ginger root should be laid horizontally, upside down with buds and covered with a layer of earth 2 cm high. After planting, the soil should continue to be watered abundantly (as the topsoil dries out).
The first plant sprout appears six weeks after planting. This is called a period of active growth, so organic and mineral supplements should be carried out every two weeks. In summer, when the weather is good, the plant can be taken out into the open air.
Ginger should be kept in a bright place, but far from drafts and direct sunlight.
The plant likes sparse light, heat and humidity, and moderate watering. It should be remembered that in the heat to water the plant should be abundant, and when the temperature drops, reduce watering. In frost, you can spray the leaves and stems from the spray.
In the spring, after frost, if you wish, ginger can be transplanted into the greenhouse.
You do not know where you can get ginger root for planting? In any store in your city. But when choosing give preference to the roots with a smooth and glossy surface, and frozen and dry roots bypass side - they still do not germinate. Ginger root, which can be planted, should be with the kidneys (like peepholes in potatoes), have a smooth and shiny skin, as well as be fresh.
Preparing Ginger Root
On a note! It is recommended to soak ginger root before planting in warm water for about 1.5-2 hours. This procedure will accelerate the growth of the kidneys. If there are damages or cuts at the root, they must be carefully dried and treated with charcoal. To do this, use a normal napkin, wetting the affected areas of the root with it.
For the active development of ginger should be regularly watered. But do it carefully, because the plant does not like very wet soil. Water as the soil dries, using small portions of water.
Supplemental feeding is desirable to make twice a week - this will improve the growth of the culture, since ginger responds well to making various additives. Be sure to follow the manufacturer's instructions so as not to harm the plant.
On a note! In the spring, it is desirable to feed nitrogen fertilizers. Ammonium nitrate copes best for this purpose. At the end of the summer and the beginning of the autumn, use potash fertilizers instead of nitrogen. Kalimagneziya is suitable for this - a three-component mineral supplement used by gardeners to grow different crops.
It is desirable to fertilize the plant in this order - the introduction of potassium will accelerate the growth of the root system, and the addition of nitrogen will serve as a source of additional nutrition for the ginger leaves.
Important! When growing ginger, it is not necessary to choose the sunny side, since this plant is not very demanding to light. When growing in pots, you can use the window sills on the north side. Of course, gardeners usually still place ginger in well-lit places so that direct sunlight can illuminate and warm the plant.
Planting in open ground
It is worth noting that if you plan to start growing ginger in an open area, then for this you will need at least 10 germinated roots of the plant. Otherwise, it would not make sense to spend your time on caring for a single bush. Therefore, plant in pots at once several ginger roots.
Outdoor Ginger Cultivation
When choosing a landing site, give preference to semi-shaded areas, but well-lit by the sun's rays. If the soil has good drainage properties and is breathable, then the plant from the pots can be planted without first fertilizing the soil. Otherwise, you must use a special soil mixture. For this, the one that you used to grow ginger at home may be suitable.
On a note! To plant plants in open ground, dig small pits, the depth of which is no more than 25 cm. Put small pebbles on the bottom of the pits - this will be a drainage. The thickness of the drainage layer is 2 cm. Put a little sand on top (approximately the same layer). Only after the sand in the hole can add soil mixture.
For the full ripening of the planted ginger root, it will take at least 6 months, although when grown in conditions of middle ground it will take about 9 months. Когда сильно пожелтевшие листья имбиря начнут постепенно отмирать, можно приступать к выкапыванию корешков. Как правило, этот процесс начинается в первой половине осени.
Выращивание имбиря в открытом грунте. Фото
Harvesting and storage
In the conditions of the climate of the southern countries, where the high temperature of the air lasts all year round, their drying and yellowing leaves, which gradually begin to wither, speak of the ripening of ginger fruits. But, despite drying leaves, the root system of the plant still remains strong and juicy, as it managed to accumulate a lot of strength. Such ginger has a rich and spicy taste. But it is not necessary to dig up fully ripened roots, because young rhizomes have a special taste, characterized by their tenderness.
For example, residents of Thailand start harvesting in the second half of November, but if we talk about the regions of Russia, people begin to collect ginger roots when the rhizome can no longer grow due to adverse weather conditions. In addition to the roots, small ginger sprouts can also be used as food, resembling an ordinary pencil in appearance. Only young seedlings are used, because their taste is a bit like the tangy mandarin.
To store ginger, you need a cellar where the temperature does not fall below + 4 ° C. This applies to storage in conditions without a refrigerator. If there is one at your dacha, then, of course, the root should be kept in it. Just set the temperature right. It is advisable before you put the ginger in the fridge, put it in a paper bag, or just wrap it in a newspaper.
Ginger wrapped in paper
A paper bag will do.
Tips for novice gardeners
When growing ginger in the country can help you the following recommendations:
- Ginger is afraid of drafts and wind, so it needs to be protected from them,
- When growing on a windowsill, spray the plant regularly with a spray bottle,
- at least 4 times a month loosen the soil,
- when feeding, constantly alternate different types of fertilizer,
- with the beginning of October, reduce the amount of watering as much as possible,
- As soon as the leaves begin to dry out and fall off, start harvesting. After digging up the roots of ginger, they need to be dried for 1-2 days in the sun,
- to store rhizomes need a cold - do not forget about it.
Due to the cool climate, the grown roots will differ slightly in their size from the store. This is normal, so do not be in a hurry to get upset through the “bad” harvest.