The modern market of vegetable crops offers a huge range of varieties and hybrids of onions. Worthy of attention of the buyer plant called onion Cupido. Why is he so good? We produce a complete description of the variety, and also provide some interesting facts.
A little about baiting
Man engaged in a fascinating business, bureaucracy, in the fourth millennium BC. This is evidenced by the sacred Egyptian images and biblical stories of Jews and Moses expelled from Egypt. The oldest vegetable is the only one necessary for our health every day.
Onions nicknamed for the similarity in shape with a turnip. In general, it is relatives of lily, onion flowers in inflorescence have the form of a small lily. The variety of this amazing plant is amazing.
You can choose onion varieties:
- by maturity - early or late,
- to taste - spicy or sweet,
- in color - red or white.
Onion selection rules
Making the first step to a good harvest, you need to choose the planting material. Among the onions, the variety Cupido is ideal for an average climatic zone.
The excellent characteristics of this variety of onions bring it to the leaders of sales. Is he:
- ultra early (81 days from germination),
- fruitful (average bulb has a weight of 110 g),
- has a slightly sharp taste,
- excellent in storage (up to 9 months)
- has a wonderful presentation.
High-quality planting onion sets should be dry, it is pleasant to rustle at hand. The presence of mold, unpleasant smell of rot, the shape and color must be in accordance with the selected grade. In the case of Cupido, the sevok has an elongated onion with a narrow neck of a beautiful creamy golden color. The variety of this onion is a real find for modern man.
Onion - a two-year culture. From the seeds in the first year, the crop grows, the harvest of the second year is a turnip. Sevok should be and not large, and not small. If the diameter of the onion is less than 1 cm, it will not be a gun, but it is inconvenient to work with it. Large sevok will go to the arrow to the detriment of the harvest.
During storage, preparation and the beginning of planting it is important to observe the temperature regime. Until spring, the onion lies at 5 ° C. 2 weeks before the start of work, it is transferred to a warm room, where the temperature is greater than 17 ° C. On the eve of landing sevok warm on the battery for 24 hours. At the same time, the soil in the garden should be warm, warm up to at least 12 ° C. Sevok Cupido is well preserved, and subject to these rules gives friendly healthy shoots.
In farming onions use the method of landing in the grooves in rows. The variety of onion Cupido is planted to a depth of 5 cm. The distance in the row is 10, between the rows - 20 cm. Watering is rare. Harvesting begins when a feather falls in 25% of the bulbs.
Onion sets Cupido suitable for cultivation both in open ground and in greenhouses. Practice also planting it in the winter. In this case, it should be started 3 weeks before the onset of stable cold weather, so that the root system could be formed, but germination did not occur. The depth of planting in this case is increased to 10 cm, it is also required to mulch the rows. The podzimniy sevok ripens earlier and is stored more successfully.
What does f 1 mean
This icon after the name of the variety means that we are dealing with a heterotic hybrid. It sounds threatening, but in fact it is the largest achievement of plant breeding. The secret lies in the fact that heterosis provides plant characteristics superior to the parent material in many respects.
Here is one of the methods used to achieve the effect of heterosis. To obtain a hybrid, the mother plant of a plant obtained from seeds is crossed with a mother plant grown from seedlings. And a miracle! Yield compared with the original grade increased by 50%, according to the marketability of products, precocity turned out indisputable advantages. In such plants, there is a more powerful growth, better vitality, resistance to diseases and sharp fluctuations in the weather. All this is heterosis.
It would seem that purchase f 1 times, and you will be with an excellent harvest every year. However, nature decided differently: the heterotic effect tends to fade from generation to generation. It is the strongest in the first year of landing.
What you need to know about growing
Onions grow easily. He has a short growing season. Of the diseases of the onion family, the most common are perinospora and gray rot. The main pest is the onion fly. If you choose to grow Cupido f1, then cope with these troubles, if they ever arise, it will be easier.
As a thank you for the work you can get a friend who will feed and heal. Onion phytoncides are able to defeat tuberculosis, diphtheria, not to mention the notorious cold. Its bactericidal and antiseptic properties have long been used in the pharmaceutical industry. The description of the variety proves once again that this plant is a real treasure.
Properties and specifications
The bulbs have straw-colored scales and an elongated shape. For scales hidden juicy thin skin. The taste of onion is of average bitterness and sharpness.
The variety is characterized by an early large crop. With proper cultivation from 1 hundred square meters of land they collect up to 350 kilograms of onions. The weight of one bulb is 100-120 grams. Cultivation is carried out in a greenhouse or on the street. If spring starts early in the region, you can plant Cupido on the street. After planting, the bulb quickly grows, as this variety has a strong root system.
The stem grows to 30 centimeters in height. Cupido has resistance to diseases and pests, is not inclined to hurt. Onions are stored for a long time (up to 1 year).
For growing pick a sunny place that is protected from the wind. There are no special requirements for the soil; onions can grow in any soil. However, for maximum yield, you should plant the Cupido onion in loose and drained soil.
There are two terms for planting onions. The first term is the middle of spring. As soon as a warm temperature is established outside, they start planting. The second term is the end of autumn. With this method, the bow will remain to winter in the ground. Such cultivation of Cupido is suitable for those regions where the winter is warm (average temperature up to minus 10 degrees).
Cultivation and care
Onions are grown from seeds. It usually takes up to 70 days to fully mature. Seeds fall asleep in a weak saline solution and leave for a few minutes. So you can weed out the empty copies - they will be on the surface. Seeds that have sunk to the bottom are washed under water and placed on a napkin so that they dry out.
Then the seeds are planted in the ground in a container. The container is closed with a lid and left to germinate in a warm room. It takes one week. When the onion starts, it starts to be watered. Watering is carried out with cool, but not cold water and as the ground dries.
If the street is warmer, then the bow can be planted safely. At first he is given to get used to the ambient temperature. A week before planting, onions begin to teach the climate: they put it on the balcony or in the greenhouse. The procedure is carried out for several hours for 5-7 days. After such hardening, the onions are ready for transplanting.
Under the bow is necessary to form a bed. They dig up the soil, introduce compost into it, remove branches and foreign objects, weeds, clumps of earth break. Well suited for onions porous loosened soil with a neutral pH. Excellent result gives a joint planting of onions and carrots. Carrots reliably protects onions from diseases and pests.
In the garden, grooves are made, ash is poured into the groove or a bit of compost, and the grown onion is placed roots down. The soil must be moistened in advance. It is easier to work with wet earth. When planting, the bulbs recede from the previous distance of 8-10 centimeters and repeat the work done. The depth of landing should be no more than 5 centimeters.
After planting the bow takes a little time to get used to the new environment. Two weeks later, “Cupido” can be fed with a plant growth-promoting additive. Nitrogen-containing or phosphorus-containing fertilizers are commonly used. If they are not, then the same effect have chicken manure or mullein.
The bed where the onion grows, you need to regularly weed from grass and weeds. They slow down the growth of bulbs. In addition to weeding, watering has an important effect. In the spring of much water is not necessary. The snow has recently descended from the ground, and the soil is still saturated with melt water. But in the summer, especially when the weather is dry, the onions must be watered. It is enough 2 times a week at a temperature above 25 degrees, in rainy weather it is better to refuse irrigation. If there is a waterlogging of the soil, then the soil can be mulched. Sawdust will do. From watering while abstaining until the land is completely dry.
By mid-summer, a full-fledged big onion is already being formed. Harvesting is carried out in dry weather, there should be no rain, and the soil is not spilled a few days before harvesting. When harvesting the onion is dug out of the ground, cleaned and allowed to dry properly. The leaves are cut, leaving only the neck height of 3-4 centimeters. If the bulb has dried out, then its peel acquires a golden hue and rustles. Dry onions are stored in a dark and dry place.
Neck rot is a very dangerous disease for onions. When the onion grows, it practically does not manifest itself. For the prevention of disease, the bulbs should be dried at a high temperature of about 35-40 degrees for 8-10 hours. At this temperature, the rot dies, and the onions will be healthy.
Advantages and disadvantages
Onion Cupido belongs to the popular varieties and has earned the trust of many gardeners. They speak well of him and praise the bow for its tangible advantages:
- high yield
- early landing,
- early shoot
- resistance to pests and diseases
- good taste,
- opportunity to plant for the winter,
The disadvantages of the variety include his fear of frost. Cupido sensitively reacts to a strong decrease in temperature (below minus 15 degrees). If it is supposed to be grown in the northern areas, then the onions, when planted for the winter, should be covered with straw or special material. In this case, it will not freeze.
Plant about 3-5 cm deep. Watering landings should be made as the soil dries. You can grow onions in the greenhouse. To insects do not attack your landing, it is recommended to carry out treatment against pests. If you follow all the rules for the care and cultivation of cupido onions, you will get a good and bountiful harvest.