The strict and at the same time wonderful ehmeya, care at home for which does not require constant attention, surprises with its ascetic appearance and special beauty. Only once in her life, she throws a bud, fascinating unusual flowering. And it is worth seeing! So, we reveal little tricks on the content of the flower. Experienced florists and advanced flower growers are ready to share secrets.
Where did Echmea come from?
Ehmeya belongs to the Bromeliads family. It was she who was given an honorable place among the exotic perennials. Coming to us from the hot countries of the American continent, this impregnable beauty is the most prominent representative of epiphytes. In nature, this extraordinary miracle occurs in tropical forests, on rocky and rocky soils.
It is not uncommon for their vegetative shoots to seed the trunks of old trees, and to quickly take root. And even in such conditions, they successfully grow, turning into luxurious, spreading flowers. Tropical rainfall, sharp temperature fluctuations in nature temper the plant. Therefore, with proper home care, he is not afraid of the slightest changes in the microclimate.
Interesting! Echmea leaves resemble wide belts framed with spikes. For such a feature, many florists called him "warrior". And when translated from the Greek, the name of the flower is interpreted as “sharp peaks”.
Echmeya - a massive plant with a short stem and dense, spreading greens. These plates have an elongated shape and characteristic hard edges with prickles. Densely collected in the center, they form a funnel. It is here that moisture accumulates, which provides food for a long time (from several days to a week). Echmeya houseplant boasts different shades, from pale green to rich "swamp" with striped veins.
The most famous species
Wet, warm tropics - a real oasis for Ehmea. But in the usual home flower garden, it develops no worse. Consider the most common and beloved by many florist varieties of this welcome guest. All of them are perfectly adapted to the conditions of home care.
- Echmeya Weilbach (Aechmea weilbachii) is a beauty with bright green, soft-skinned leaves and a goblet-shaped rosette. This epiphyte prefers moderate light, so the western and eastern sides are the most acceptable option for him. Needs moderate watering and good drainage.
- Echmeya striped (Aechmea fasciata) is a species with dense leathery leaves (40–50 cm long) forming a tubular cone in the center. Silver lines are clearly visible on the plates of green color, and small teeth are located along the edges. At the beginning of flowering, it throws out a bud with bluish petals and felted sepals. At the end of this period, its petals become reddish.
Attention! This epiphyte is the only one that contains a small proportion of poison in the leaf juice. And any careless touch will cause a strong inflammatory reaction on the skin. Be attentive and careful when leaving!
- Echmea shaggy (Aechmea comata) with long leaves (up to 1 m) is considered the most magnificent flower of this subspecies. Densely located shoots with jagged edges form a typical outlet. Blooms exclusively in winter, delighting with bright yellow buds and additional red sprouts.
- Achmea sparkling (Aechmea fulgens) has a free outlet, is distinguished by a special "gray" bloom on the leaves (their length is 40 cm) and a specific rounded tip. During flowering, it appears numerous red and coral-colored buds with a slight blueness at the tops.
The period of growth and flowering: how long?
Exotic special care! Indeed, this "warlike" handsome man with thorny greens got used to the humid climate of the tropics. In such conditions, its vegetative shoots are easily transferred to any objects: stones, rocks, trees, and even the ground. Do not scare ehmeya and sudden changes in temperature. Therefore, if you decide to take it to the open air, it will not suffer from such care.
This tropical beauty “lives” 3-4 short, but bright years. During this time (with proper home care), she manages to bloom. True, this happens only once.
Tip! If exotic does not rush to please you with a beautiful flower, you can speed up the process. To do this, prepare polyethylene, put a banana peel or orange under the epiphyte and carefully cover. After 10 days, remove the "coat". In the next 3 months you will see the first buds.
The room flower of an aechmea is a unique copy which budding comes to an end with death of the socket.
How to achieve the best results in the care
The exotic appearance of this tropical beauty successfully complements any home interior, decorated in a modern style. It will look great as an independent copy in the halls and living rooms. To preserve the decorativeness of ehmea, make a little effort and create a comfortable environment to care at home.
The best indicators for the summer period are 20–26 ° C; in winter, these figures are reduced to 15–18 ° C. Temperature changes will help Ehmea faster to form a peduncle. However, it should not be in a draft. Optimal conditions for growth - clean, fresh air.
Ehmeya easily adapts to any conditions of care, including the dry air of apartments. Increase the humidity in the room - it will be much easier to grow. Periodically spray the plant with soft, settled water. Put a container with wet pebbles near it. Finally, install a humidifier.
When choosing a place for echmea, pay attention to the density of its leaves. Well-lit areas are suitable for hard plates, soft ones like diffused light and partial shade.
Most species of ehmea prefers peat, turf, leafy soil, humus mixture, chopped mosses. Not bad dilute the cooked soil with sand, crushed shards.
This part of care is one of the most important for growing ehmea. Make it a rule: during the warm period water the plant 3 times a week. In winter, reduce their number and limit yourself to a light moistening of the soil layer.
The beginning of spring is the best time for a transplant. Ehmea propagation occurs vegetatively. To do this, the process is separated from the adult plant and rooted it. Sometimes for planting use ready-made seeds.
The frequency of feeding depends on the time of year. If during the warm period this is done once every 20 days, in the winter fertilizers are applied every month or a half. Preference is given to liquid substrates.
What you should know about diseases and pests
Care for ehmeya at home should be regular and competent. Only then will it be possible to avoid possible difficulties with its growth. Be attentive to your "room friend." Even the slightest changes in his appearance will tell a lot:
- Leaves rustle - the plant is cold or rot has appeared on its roots.
- Ehmeya does not bloom - not enough light.
- They took leaves - there is little moisture in the soil. Only the tips have dried up - moisten the air.
- Rooted roots and shoots at the base of the outlet - reduce the number and volume of watering.
- Aphid or scab on the plant - wash the insects under a warm shower. Treat the leaves with soapy water.
The main secret of caring for ehmeya - maintaining a normal level of humidity, sufficient illumination and timely watering. Any discomforts should be noticed and taken under control. Then ehmeya decorate your home and become the brightest and most pleasant part of the interior.
Description of the appearance and flowering
The plant is shaped like a rosette formed by long and wide leathery leaves. Dark green leaves of echmea are decorated with light transverse stripes. Along the edge of the sheet are numerous brownish thorns. The width of the leaf of an adult plant reaches 5-6 cm, and length - 50 cm.
The root system of echmea is superficial. The roots are short and serve mainly for fixation and support.
The height of an adult plant is up to 50 cm.
Ehmea blooms only once in a lifetime. Peduncle grows from the middle of the outlet. At the end it has a large inflorescence resembling a cone. Numerous flowers, blooming, have a bluish tint. Over time, their color changes to red or purple.
The plant blooms in late spring or early summer. Flowering continues until late autumn. After its completion, the socket gradually dies off, forming several offspring. One plant lives up to 4 years.
In the indoor floriculture known popular version of striped Ehmea - "Primera." This plant is larger than the original form. Its height reaches 65 cm. Curved leaves have a length of up to 70 cm. The color of leaves and flowers is more contrast.
Photo ehmei striped in the process of care at home and in the natural environment:
For the successful cultivation of this heat-loving plant it is necessary to know all the features of its care. It requires soil of special composition and regular feeding. The way to water the echmea is not quite common. For proper development of the plant it is necessary to maintain optimum temperature, humidity and lighting.
Watering and humidity
Echmeya is a plant of humid equatorial climate, it needs regular watering. Potted soil should never dry out. However, excessive watering is also harmful to the plant. Watering is carried out at the root and in the center of the outlet.
Watering under the root is carried out after drying the top layer of the soil by 2-3 cm. Usually in the summer they water 2-3 times a week. If the air temperature decreases, watering is significantly reduced. In winter, water is not more than 1 time in 10 days.
In the center of the outlet, the plant is watered only before the formation of the peduncle. In winter, watering is not carried out in this way, since at a temperature below 20 ° C, the center of the outlet is moistened, which leads to its rotting.
In the summer, no more than 20 g of water is poured into the outlet and they monitor its drying..
If the water has not dried up in 2-3 days, it should be removed by soaking the middle with a napkin, and then pouring new water.
Ehmeya loves high humidity and spraying.
Lighting and temperature
Ehmeya loves bright light. This is one of the few indoor plants that tolerates direct sunlight. Its hard leathery leaves do not suffer from sunburn, even in the summer heat. You can grow a plant with ambient light. But with a lack of light, it will grow badly and refuse to bloom.
In spring and summer, the temperature for the content of the ehmea should be in the range of 20-26ºС. And at night the temperature should not be lower than 20ºС, in the daytime - 25-26ºС. The difference between day and night temperatures of 5-6ºС stimulates flowering. This plant is very thermophilic, so sudden changes in temperature during the daytime can harm it.
In winter, the plant must create a rest period.. At this time, the temperature is reduced to 15-17ºС.
At rest, the flower does not grow, so watering is drastically reduced, making sure that the soil in the pot remains only slightly damp.
It is undesirable for the air in the room where the Echmea grows to stagnate. At high humidity, putrefactive fungi and bacteria multiply very quickly. Therefore, in the summer, and especially in the winter, it is necessary to air the room regularly. But the plant should not stand on the draft, it is located away from the opening of the window sashes.
Soil and fertilizer
The most optimal soil composition for growth of ehmea is a purchased earth mixture for bromeliads or for forest cacti. If you do not have the opportunity to purchase the purchased land, you can prepare the soil yourself. At the same time it is necessary to mix in equal quantities the following ingredients:
- Dry moss sphagnum,
- Washed river sand.
Also in this mixture add a little crushed charcoal to prevent rotting of the roots and horn shavings to enhance the permeability of the soil.
Feed the Achmea striped monthly in spring and summer. This requires special fertilizers for bromeliads or orchids.
These compounds have a low concentration of minerals. They need to spray the leaves, but not watered at the root.
In the absence of special formulations, it is possible to take liquid complex fertilizers for decorative leafy plants. They are diluted with water to obtain a concentration 2 times lower than that indicated on the package. The resulting solution is sprayed on the leaves of the plant.
Transplantation and reproduction
This plant, like other bromeliads, is transplanted no more than 1 time in 3 years. Its root system slowly grows, so they are transplanted only in case of a strong depletion of the soil. Transplantation is carried out in mid-April, when the ehmeya leaves the rest period.
The pot can be selected 1 cm more than the previous one. It should not be high. Choose low and wide tanks. A drainage layer of broken brick or expanded clay is laid on its bottom. Fresh ground is poured on top.
The plant is carefully removed from the pot with a clod of earth. Usually the roots are located on the ground surface, so the lower part of the earthy coma can be gently shaken off. The roots of the plant straighten in a new pot and lightly sprinkled with fresh soil mixture. After that, the soil is compacted a little.
Conditions for flowering Kalanchoe
Ehmea is propagated by striped seeds and offspring. Seed propagation is a rather laborious process, it is rarely used in indoor floriculture.
Seeds are sown in late February in moistened peat and covered with glass. After a month, the first shoots appear at a temperature of 22-25ºС, and after another 2 months, seedlings can dive into separate pots.
After flowering, the adult rosette of Achmea gives 1-4 offspring, and she gradually dies off. The scions grow up for 1-2 years, and then are seated in separate pots.
Pests and diseases
On leathery leaves Achmea most often parasitic shchitovka. This pest can not only deprive the plant of a decorative look, but also lead to its death. Adult flakes are removed manually, and then the plant is treated with insecticidal preparations to destroy the larvae.
Also on the flower can live red spider mites and mealybugs.
To destroy these pests, the plant must be treated with appropriate preparations.
Echmea is susceptible to fungal diseases with improper irrigation.. The soil in which it grows cannot be moistened too much if the air temperature drops below 20 ° C.
Therefore, if the soil becomes too wet in winter, root rot can begin.
It is impossible to fight this disease, diseased plants die. It is much easier to comply with the requirements for the care of the plant and prevent the development of root rot.
Why ehmeya does not bloom and other problems with the plant
From the moment of disembarkation of offsprings in separate pots before their blossoming passes from 2 to 4 years. Ehmeya blooms only once in a lifetime, so a blooming specimen purchased at the store will not bloom again and will die over time, giving new offspring.
Echmeya may refuse to bloom with care errors. It may be:
- Low temperature content
- Low humidity
- Insufficient or excessive watering,
- Lack of top dressing.
But if there are no obvious mistakes in the care, and the plant still refuses to bloom, there is a sure way to stimulate its flowering. The plant with the pot is placed for 2 weeks in a large plastic bag. There also put 2 large ripe apples. After 2 weeks, the plant is removed from the package. Usually, after this procedure, a peduncle soon forms on it.
In addition to the lack of flowering, there are other problems when growing striped Ehmea:
- The leaves of the plant turn brown due to the low air temperature
- The ends of the leaves dry out due to the low humidity,
- Leaves lose color with excessive or insufficient lighting,
- The wilting of the leaves of the plant is due to insufficient soil moisture.
Now you know everything about the care of striped echmea at home, as well as about the transplant and reproduction of the plant.
About caring for other types of ehmea can be found here.
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Caring for ehmeya: a reminder to the florist
How to care for ehmeya, given the specifics of an exotic plant? Ehmeya loves light, so it is better to place the plant near a window facing the sunny side. In winter, professionals advise using additional lighting. To do this, next to the pot is placed a lamp with UV radiation, which must be turned on at least five hours a day.
In the warm season, the flower is comfortable at a temperature of 20-25 ° C, in winter it is allowed to decrease to 18-20 ° C. The plant likes the fluctuations of day and night temperatures, since such a regime is characteristic of the tropics and subtropics.
The most comfortable for Echmea slightly increased humidity. Daily sprays from a fine sprayer with soft warm water help to support her. The room with ehmeya needs to be aired systematically: a stream of fresh air will benefit the representatives of all plant species.
It is recommended to plant an Achmea in a ready-made substrate for bromeliads and orchids, which can be purchased at a gardening shop. You can make the soil yourself. Here are a few options:
- листовая земля, компост и рубленный мох — соединить в равных пропорциях и ввести небольшое количество измельченных черепков и песка,
- мох-сфагнум и мелко порубленные коренья папоротника — соединить, соблюдая соотношение 1:3,
- high-moor peat, sand, leaf earth and sphagnum - mix in a ratio of 1: 0.5: 1: 1, enter horn shavings and crushed charcoal into the ready composition,
- humus, sphagnum, sand and pine bark - combine in equal volumes.
It is necessary to ensure that the soil is constantly a little wet. In summer and spring, plants should be watered periodically into the outlet. However, it is important to monitor the level of fluid in the formed funnel. Once a month, the water from the outlet must be poured out, and the funnel itself should be thoroughly rinsed. In winter, watering in the outlet should be carried out no more than once in 10-12 days. Water should not be poured into the funnels of the shoots until they reach the size of an adult plant.
It is necessary to feed the plant in the warm season (from April to August). When using products specifically designed for bromium compounds, follow the instructions. It is possible to purchase fertilizer for flowering plants: in this case, the concentration recommended in the instruction is halved. The prepared solution is used for watering and spraying the leaves every three weeks. In winter, the concentration of the solution decreases four times. Water the plant enriched with water should be once a month.
Since by means of the root, echmey receives only an insignificant amount of valuable substances, it does not need frequent transplants. Ideally, the pot should be wide and shallow, 1-2 cm more than the previous one. The optimal interval between transfers of a flower is three years. However, if substrate depletion occurs, this can be done earlier. To help the flower restore the root system after transplantation, it is necessary to keep the plant in the shade for two to three days and not water it. Replant Achme is recommended in the spring.
The plant blooms every few years from May to October. Some varieties of echmea delight with beautiful buds in November-December. How to care for ehmeya after flowering? Each outlet can bloom only once, after which the stick of the flowering peduncle rots, so it must be carefully removed. After a while, Ehmeya releases the "babes." When the size of the shoots reaches the size of about half the size of the parent, they should be transplanted from an adult plant.
If ehmeya does not bloom at home, you should pay attention to several factors that may cause this to happen:
- the plant is still too young
- improper care
- too big pot
- diseases and parasites,
- lack of light (most often the cessation of flowering flowers react with variegated leaves).
With proper care, ehmeya will surely bloom. There are several tricks that can "force" a tropical beauty to dissolve the buds:
- put under a film with apples and oranges - ethylene released by fruit stimulates the flowering process,
- put in a room with a lower temperature - at night,
- put calcium carbide into the rosette formed by the leaves (acetylene released by reaction with water also starts the flowering process).
The most frequent causes of death of Ehmea include improper watering. About the errors in the care of the leaves will tell ehmea:
- begin to darken, rot - due to overflow,
- wither - because of thirst,
- dry at the tips - due to low humidity.
- fade - little lighting
- covered with pale brown spots - the result of sunburn.
Do not despair if an exotic flower is sick, or if it is attacked by pests: the table below will help to cope with the problem.
Table - Diseases and pests of Achmea
Knowing how to care for the ehmeya, you will definitely be rewarded: the flowering of an exotic plant is a magnificent sight. And let him have to wait for years, the numerous reviews of the owners of a tropical flower confirm that it is worth it.
Appearance and other characteristic features of ehmea
Echmeya - a resident of the tropics, successfully adapted to the microclimate of modern apartments
Echmea (Aechmea) is a genus of perennial epiphytic plants belonging to the Bromeliaceae family (Bromeliaceae). Ehmey - close relatives of pineapples. The birthplace of the absolute majority of the currently known 270 species is Brazil, Mexico and the islands in the Caribbean.
The name of the genus is obliged to the unusual form of bracts. Translated from the Greek aechme means "spearhead." A consonant aichme - “point”, “dash”. Perhaps the name also indicates the presence of a pattern on the leaves of some species.
In nature, echmeas rarely grow on the ground. Being an epiphyte, they attach themselves to tree trunks, cramps, releasing additional aerial roots to absorb moisture from the atmosphere.
In nature, Echmea prefers to exist in the trees.
The plant is a dense glass rosette of smooth, succulent leaves, leathery, erect or soft, nicky. In form they look like belts. Along the edge of the sheet plate there is a solid border of fairly solid spines. You can prick and the tips of the petals. The stalk is so short that it seems to be completely absent.
Ehmeya looks attractive and unusual, regardless of whether it is blooming at the moment or not.
In nature, the leaves of Echmea are covered with a silver-gray bloom, similar to the developed rot. These hairs also help to absorb moisture from the air. At home, they are almost invisible, especially if the flower is in the shade. During the rainy season, water that stays in the outlet for a long time is mixed with wind-borne plant debris, insect larvae, and organic debris. As a result, “hanging bogs” are formed on trees, in which plants and even small amphibians live and successfully exist. Well adapted to breed in such a reservoir a bromeliad crab.
From the middle of the outlet comes a long flower stalk. It may be covered with scales. The color of the leaf plate and flowers varies depending on the type of plant, but this does not affect the overall decorativeness of the aechmea. It is consistently beautiful, regardless of whether the leaves are monochromatic or have a pattern on them.
Echmea inflorescence is spicate or panicle-shaped. Sepals are covered with a short soft "nap". Between them are protruding bracts, painted in bright shades of pink and red. They "hide" small flowers. In nature, echmeas bloom from late spring to mid-autumn, at home flowers can appear in winter. They fade quickly, only bracts remain.
The fact that those who are not versed in botany are mistaken for an echmea flower is actually called a bract
After flowering rosette dies. But before he dies, Echmey necessarily gives birth to offspring in the form of several alternate affiliated rosettes. They are easily rooted, so there’s no shortage of planting material. It is possible to predict, rather, its excess. Echmeya seeds also successfully propagated at home. After flowering, a berry is formed.
The leaves of one of the most popular species in indoor floriculture - striped ehmey contain moderately poisonous juice, which can cause irritation and redness if the skin on the hands is too sensitive. To avoid damage to any work with a flower, proceed with rubber gloves.
Recently, a fashion has appeared to give an Achmea as a “living bouquet”. If you decide to purchase such a gift, choose a plant from which the entire peduncle and bracts have become characteristic of the variety. Otherwise, the flowers will not bloom.
Home grown species
"Domesticated" quite a lot of different types of ehmea. Most Popular:
- Ehmeya striped (fasciata, fasciata). The outlet height is about 50 cm, the diameter is about 1 m. The length of the leaf is 60 cm, the width is 6–7 cm. The flowers are purple at first, then change color to blue-scarlet. The popular Primera hybrid has a more contrasting pattern and sharp stripes.
- Ehmea Weilbach (weilbachii). The leaves are leathery, but soft, about 50 cm long. The spikes are rather small and not at all rigid. Light reddish tint sheet keeps fit. Peduncle covered with crimson scales. On the edge of the bluish-purple petals there is a snow-white border. The length of the inflorescence is about 15 cm.
- Echmeya double row (distichantha). The socket is wide, not too tight. In diameter it reaches 0.8–1 m. The thorns on the leaves are chocolate colored, very often located. Compared with a length (50 cm), the width is small (3-4 cm). The leaves are solid, but there is a selection Variegata hybrid, which has a wide edging of creamy shade along the edge.
- Ehmeya curved (recurvata). In nature, it can exist as an epiphyte, and as a terrestrial plant. There are few leaves in the socket (7–12 pieces), length - 35–40 cm, width 1.5–2 cm. From the bottom they grow together, forming a “glass leg”. The height of the peduncle is not more than 25 cm. This species blooms, unlike most of the “relatives”, in the spring. There is a miniature natural variety Ortgiesii (outlet height not more than 15 cm).
- Ehmeya shaggy (comata), or Linden (lindenii). The length of the sheet is about 1 m with a width of 5–7 cm. The sheet plate is not pointed up, but rounded up. Flowers unusual for echmea sunny yellow color. In nature, it blooms in winter. The Makoyana hybrid leaves are covered with a pattern of cream stripes.
- Echmeya dull red (miniata). Socket collected from a variety of leaves. The length of the sheet is about 45 cm, width - 2–3 cm. The leaves are inky purple at the base, then this shade smoothly turns into a dark green color. Peduncle bright scarlet. Inflorescence in shape resembles a pyramid. The look is allocated with duration of blossoming, unpretentiousness and endurance.
- Echmeya caudate, or bearded (caudata). The leaves are hard, grow almost horizontally, at a slight angle. On the edge of the sheet plate is a strip of yellowish color. The inflorescence is paniculiform. Peduncle covered with whitish plaque, as if sprinkled with flour.
- Echmea Luddemana (Aechmea Lueddemaniana). Leaves on both sides are covered with small light scales. The length is 55–60 cm. The height of the peduncle is about 70 cm. It is covered with thin translucent leaves. The lower ones fit snugly to it, the upper ones bend a bit. The bluish-pink petals gradually change color to crimson.
- Echmeya sky blue, or blue (coelestis). The number of leaves in the funnel varies from 9 to 20. The length of the leaf is 65 cm, width is 3-5 cm. The peduncle and inflorescence are covered with white “down”. It blooms in early winter.
- Ehmeya Orlanda (orlandiana). The creation of nature, although it is hard to believe in it. The leaf is about 35 cm long and 4–5 cm wide. The leaves are covered with scales, the thorns are almost black along the edge. Peduncle bright scarlet. More demanding on heat than other ehmei. In nature, the species is considered extinct, remaining only "in captivity."
- Ehmeya Chantina (chantinii). The length of the sheet, depending on the conditions, reaches 0.5–1 m. There are not many of them in the outlet. Due to the fact that the leaves are almost vertically, it resembles a cylinder. Peduncle covered with bright red leaves and as if sprinkled with flour.
- Ehmeya Queen Mary (mariae-reginae). One of the most spectacular, but is extremely rare. The plant has specimens with "male" and "female" flowers. In nature, hummingbirds carry pollen; artificial pollination is required at home. The cone-shaped inflorescence about 50 cm long is covered with soft white "fibers". Bracts also reach significant sizes - 20 cm in length.
In nature, echmeas suffer little from cold and prolonged droughts. A man does much more harm to them, cutting down tropical forests for the sake of mining, lumbering, planting crops. In many countries of South America, certain species of ehmey are listed in the Red Books or lists.
Species diversity in the photo
Ehmea Chantina has an unusual outlet configuration
Ehmeya Orlanda - spectacular creation of nature
Echmea sky blue blooms in winter - unlike most "relatives"
Ehmeya Lyuddemana in the process of flowering changes the shade of the petals
Whitish on the peduncle Ehmei tailed - this is normal
When looking at the flower, it is immediately clear why the dull-red Achmea was called this way
In Ehmea shaggy flowers painted in an unusual color for the genus
Curved Echmeya takes up relatively little space.
Ehmeya double row - base for experiments of breeders
The leaves of Echmea Weilbach may cast a little red
Striped Echmea - the most common species in home floriculture
At home, Echmey is accustomed to a microclimate significantly different from the conditions of a modern apartment. It is not possible to completely recreate the desired conditions without damage to those living in the room, but to provide an acceptable environment - completely. It is necessary to approach the solution of the problem in a complex - each of the factors is equally important.
How to transplant ehmeyu?
Ehmei need to repot every spring during March. The pot annually increases in diameter by a maximum of 1–2 cm. You can also take a container of the same size. This is due to the fact that the withered echmee rosettes inevitably die. The root system of the plant is little developed, so it is better to choose pots, similar to the pot. A prerequisite is the presence of a large drainage hole.
Volumetric and deep ehmea pot absolutely not needed
On sale there is a special soil for bromeliads or orchids. You can add shredded sphagnum moss or small pieces of charcoal to it, and it is quite suitable for growing ehmea. If you want to mix the substrate yourself, use one of the following options:
- Fertile garden turf (top 15–20 cm of soil), universal soil for indoor plants, leaf humus, large river sand or perlite, vermiculite (2: 2: 1: 1).
- Humus, crushed sphagnum moss, leaf ground (1: 1: 1). A useful supplement is a crumb of old red bricks.
- Peat crumb, sand or vermiculite, crushed fir bark (1: 1: 1).
More exotic options are finely chopped rhizomes of a fern and sphagnum moss (3: 1) or bark of coniferous trees crushed to a powdered state and charcoal (equally).
In principle, the interval between transplants can be increased up to 2 years, provided that the plant has an optimal microclimate, proper watering and regular fertilization. Focus on the appearance of Achmea. If there is no deterioration, postpone the transplant.
Simultaneously with the transplant of ehmea, “sanitary pruning” is carried out.
Proper flower care
Proper watering is critical to make the ehmeya feel comfortable. Depending on the temperature outside and indoors during the active growing season, the flower is watered moderately every 2–3 days. In strong heat, leaves on both sides are sprayed daily, water is poured not only into the soil, but also into a funnel (it evaporates in 3-4 days). Echmeya categorically does not tolerate stagnant moisture, therefore, 20–30 minutes after watering, excess water is drained from the pan.
Some growers recommend watering Achmeya immersion. The pot is placed in a container with water so that it completely covers the plant, and leave for 3-5 minutes. Then dried for several hours.
Water for Echmea is suitable only soft, defended. The one that flows from the tap, it is desirable to pass through the filter. If this is not possible, throw some citric acid crystals into the container. Water is heated so that its temperature is slightly higher than in the room.
In addition to the traditional watering and spraying, ehmea also needs to pour water into the outlet - this will help the plant survive the intense heat
How to make ehmeyu bloom?
In nature, a new rosette of Echmea blooms in 4–5 years. But at home flowering can be achieved faster or “move” it at any convenient time.
For this, the plant pot is placed in a loosely tied plastic bag, placing several apples, pears and bananas cut next to it. Approach and waste - peel, stubs. Mature fruits produce ethylene, which stimulates flowering. After 1.5–2 weeks, the Achmea is returned to its original place. Flowers will appear in about 4 months.
You can "podgadat" flowering Achmea to a certain date.
The rest period in Ehmea is rather weak, some species do without it. In the winter, the plant is transferred to a cooler, but also bright room, only watering the soil in a pot every 5–7 days. Water is not poured into the funnel. Fertilizers are applied about once every 1.5 months. You can spray the surrounding air, but not more than once a week.
The origin and appearance of the plant
Homeland - tropical forests of Central and South America. Ehmeya is a representative of the bromeliad family (like pineapple, gusmania, etc.).
In nature, prefers lit places in a dry climate. At home, feels great, unpretentious in the care. The decorative role is played not only by flowers, but also by original leaves.
Echmea blooming - very beautiful sight
Ремнеподобные заострённые кожистые листья с колючками по краям собраны в розетку и, как правило, окрашены в пёстрый, серовато-зелёный или однотонный тёмно-зелёный оттенок. Стебли короткие. При цветении из середины розетки появляется толстый цветонос розового цвета, который по размеру гораздо меньше прицветников. После цветения розетка отмирает.
На листьях эхмеи есть колючки, сок её ядовит. При попадании на кожу вызывает воспаление. Следует ограничить доступ к растению детям и животным.
In nature, there are more than 170 species of ehmea, 10 of them are grown at home. The most popular among gardeners are the following types:
- Sparkling. The leaves are rounded at the end, their upper part is green, the lower part is reddish. The flowers are small, red.
- Striped (fasciata example). The tubular rosette is assembled from leaf-like leaves. Complicated inflorescence about 30 cm. Pink bracts. Siblings appear on creeping stems.
- Curved. The inflorescence is about 20 cm long, red. Blossoms in April and May.
- Shaggy. Rosette form densely collected leaves. The flowers are yellow and the bracts are red. It blooms in winter.
- Bearded (tailed). Golden flowers, bracts red. Peduncle covered with white bloom.
- Weilbach Leaves up to 0.5 m in length. It blooms from March to August, sometimes in October.
Reviews: "I fell in love with his pale pink spines"
This flower was presented to my sister a few years ago. Before him, I have not met this, or did not pay attention. Not very at first he impressed me. The leaves of echmea are large, rounded, fleshy, transversely striped, slightly prickly along the edges. Coloring from light green, almost white, to dark green with silver gray. Watering loves moderate, but the soil should always be moistened, and always before watering the soil, you need to water the inner funnel of the flower. There is nothing unusual in taking care of him, the main thing is to find the right place. For a very long time this flower was in one condition, rather large, but it did not grow larger than the achieved size. I was all the time on the western windowsill. And this spring, when he was rearranged to the eastern window, he seemed to wake up after a long hibernation, and finally decided to please his flowering, and I fell in love with his pale pink spines. Usually, after flowering, ehmeya lives for a short time, with a maximum of six months, leaving behind children. I will certainly take the baby and plant such a flower, very interesting and unusual.
They gave me an ehmea for my birthday. Before that, I did not see such a plant and did not hear about it. I will tell you, in the beginning it did not cause me special emotions. At that time, it was just a room flower with large, long striped leaves that were green at the edges, and a silvery shade showed up towards the center. In the center a flower was making its way. So I waited for him to dissolve. When this moment came, I realized that I had never met such a flower. At first it was a big pink bud, but then blue and pink flowers began to appear between the petals. Blossom very long. Every day pleased the eye. In general, marvelous) It's a shame only that after flowering the plant lives for a short time. But it leaves sprouts! The main thing is that they must be transplanted at the right time in order not to die. By the way, Ehmeya doesn’t need special care, you just need to find the right place for him. I read about no on the internet. This plant does not tolerate cold. Better to put it on the window sill, but where direct sunlight does not fall. Even regular airing is advised. That's just watering it is different from other plants. It should be watered at the root, and then into the outlet. And even better to spray every day, then it will bloom brighter.
This flower was given to me by my daughter for my birthday. I have long wanted to buy it, but it did not work. I like the dense leaves of Achmea with a silvery touch. Also a beautiful delicate pink flower in the center. Unfortunately, the plant blooms once every two to three years. My flower has already bloomed. But even the leaves themselves beautifully fit into the interior. Special care flower does not require. I water it 2-3 times a week. Pour water directly into the place where there was a flower, then some water into the ground. It is a plant in my sunny side, because loves the sun
Ehmeya striped: optimal conditions for growing
In order for the striped Ehmeya to actively develop and grow well, it is important to know how to take care of her and provide comfortable conditions within the premises where you plan to accommodate her.
Bearing in mind that in nature this plant lives in the tropics, the need to provide a large amount of light for echmea is natural. You can put a pot with a flower on window sill west or east side of the house.
If the southern side was chosen, then it is necessary to shade a flower during the highest activity of the sun, protecting the plant leaves from direct burning rays. It is better not to choose the north side at all, since the lack of lighting will make the leaf color blurred and slurred, which will significantly reduce the attractiveness of the homemade ehmea striped, and you can forget about flowering.
Soil and top dressing
Ehmeya loves loose water and breathable soil. To plant a plant in your home, you can buy ready-made soil for bromeliads in the store, or you can prepare the soil mixture yourself. This will require equal parts of deciduous, peaty and humus soil. As an addition, sphagnum moss is sometimes used.
Concerning containers, then choose a relatively low, but wide pot. Do not forget about the drainage to prevent stagnation of water and, accordingly, the decay of the root system.
Speaking about fertilizer Ehmea, it is worth remembering about the special dressing from the store for bromeliad plants, or for orchids. These fertilizers are available in liquid form and are ideal for spraying. Simply place the liquid in a spray bottle and distribute the solution over the entire surface of the leaf of the aechmea.
If you are going to plant an Achmea at home, flower growers are often interested in whether it is poisonous or not. It should be reported that the juice of the leaves can really become cause skin irritation. In this regard, when working with a plant, always use gloves and wash hands thoroughly after the procedure. But it is not necessary to be afraid to keep this flower at home, because its hard leaves are unlikely to be eaten by pets, and you can protect your pet from children by placing it in an inaccessible place. As growers sometimes joke, the main thing is not to chop up a plant in a salad, in other cases it is practically not dangerous.
Transplant: when and how
Ehmea transplantation will need to be carried out every year if possible. It is recommended to do this in spring.
In the period when ehmeya blooms, replant it in no case can't. The pot under the plant is chosen low, but wide. If in the previous pot ehmee was closely, select a larger container, always with holes for water flow. You will also need a wide pan under the pot.
In the new pot half of the prepared substrate is poured. Then very carefully collect the foliage of the Achmea in a bunch (right at the roots) and remove the plant from the old container, then place it in a new one. Ehmeya striped does not hold its roots for the soil, so removing it without damaging the plant itself will not be difficult at all. In the new pot, the roots of ehmea are sprinkled with fresh substrate and put on a permanent place of residence.
Ehmeya striped: reproduction kids
Lovers of striped Ehmea will certainly be interested in the way of its reproduction. You can perform the procedure by separating and transplanting babies, who at that time should grow up to 10-20 cm in height and have their own developed roots.
In order to propagate the ehmea through the transplant of babies, you need to carefully cut them off from the main plant, and sprinkle the cut itself with powdered coal of wood, dry it a little and plant it in a separate pot. A young plant can bloom in about a year and a half. Ehmeya striped is able to multiply and seeds. True, only special enthusiasts take up this process. The plant that turned out to grow by sowing seeds will bloom only after three or even four years.
It is important to know that this plant blooms only once, so if you are wondering why your striped echmea does not bloom, try to get started. transplant her in a new pot and this issue will surely be resolved.
Pest and disease control
Diseases can hit the flower as a result of improper care.
Too low temperatures and excessive watering often cause decay of the leafy rosette, or even the peduncle itself. If, on the contrary, the temperature is very high and the air is extremely dry, then the plant will burn and shrivel. To avoid such problems, it is enough just to provide suitable, comfortable conditions for Ehmea, and soon she will begin to delight the grower’s eye with its appearance, without any manifestations of illnesses.
As for the pests, spider mites, a bromeliad scale, mealybug and aphid become the main enemies of the ehmea. As soon as the first signs of damage were noticed, the plant's leaves should be immediately washed with warm water, while preventing this water from entering the soil, and then treated with appropriate chemical agents that can be purchased at a specialty store. Help fight aphids drugs "Neoron", "Karate", "Decis". From bromeliad shchitovki use Arrivo, Aktellik, Permethrin. For mealybugs, the use of Inta-Vira, Karbofos or Fozalona will be effective.
Every year drugs against harmful organisms improve, there are new items, so you can additionally consult with a specialist store and, of course, you just need to always carefully read the recommendations on the use of the drug.
As you can see, the cultivation of striped Achma and home care is not at all difficult even for a novice grower. It is enough to take into account some features of the plant and organize the minimum comfort for it to be able to enjoy its magnificent beautiful flowering. n