I grow cotoneaster as a hedge. The plant is unpretentious in the care, but requires adjustment. In order for the cotoneaster to bloom abundantly, fertilize, I use organic and mineral preparations. Even a novice grower can grow an ornamental shrub. I present to your attention a photo cotoneaster.
Cotoneaster shiny - tall plant with pubescent branches. Gardeners cultivate varieties that do not exceed 3 m. The feature of the cotoneaster is that it has a massive crown.
Depending on the species, the leaves of this plant may be elliptical or ovoid, the average size of one piece is 4 cm. With the onset of autumn the foliage changes in color, it acquires a dark red shade.
Cotoneaster is distinguished by small pink flowers gathered in inflorescences. During the period of active growth, the shrub forms a large number of flowers. Fruits are presented in the form of small spherical berries with dark red pulp and two - three stones. The plant begins to bear fruit from the age of four.
How is the landing
Kizilnik brilliant does not impose high requirements to growing conditions. I advise you to plant it in early spring, before the sap flow begins. My friend lands in November after the plants shed their leaves. The cotoneaster gets accustomed on the spacious lit site.
This shrub is resistant to cold and grows normally in the shade. If you wish, you can place it near the trees. I do not recommend planting cotoneaster if ground water is nearby. Consider the features of landing.
The plant itself is unpretentious, but for its favorable development the soil must be loose, light, fertile. I advise you to prepare the substrate in advance: take 50% of sand, 25% of sod soil, 25% of compost.
In the soil mixture, you can add a small amount of peat, if necessary, dilute it with lime. Under the plant form a trench of 70 cm in size, drainage is placed on the bottom.
I advise you to use crushed stone or broken brick. The optimal layer thickness for cotoneaster is 15 cm. Seed propagation will be considered. It is better to buy seedlings, they will soon take root in the open field.
After planting the cotoneaster brilliant, you should tamp the soil and bring in water. It is desirable that the root neck is at ground level.
After watering should perform mulching. For this purpose, I used peat, laid it in a layer of 8 cm. If you plan to create a hedge, plant shrubs at a distance of 1 to 2 m. The distance depends on the selected grade.
Carpet care brilliant
In order for a cotoneaster to grow well in a new place, it is necessary to water it in time, loosen the soil, remove weeds. Leaving also involves fertilizing and corrective shearing. It should protect the plant from diseases and the invasion of harmful insects.
The ornamental shrub does not require frequent watering, you must make water 1 time in 15 - 20 days. On one adult cotoneaster need to spend 9 liters of water.
If the weather is rainy, you should make less water, the plant should not suffer from waterlogging. One of the advantages of the cotoneaster is drought resistance. To the foliage of the plant was bright and rich, it is necessary to clean it from dust. Water the plant so that water gets on the leaves. Kizilnik brilliant requires timely feeding.
- In early March, I advise you to make Kemira wagon preparation (solution). Urea can be used instead: 20 g of the product is designed for 10 l of water.
- Before flowering begins, a combined fertilizer of 10 g of potassium sulphate and 50 g of superphosphate must be applied. Remember that after fertilization you need to water the plant.
- Kizilnik brilliant positively perceives organic. I add manure (1 part to 15 parts of water).
In August, the plant is no longer fed, at this time it is preparing for winter. In early spring, before the kidneys wake up, you will need to remove the damaged and dried branches.
At the same time, I advise you to perform a corrective haircut. If you grow a cotoneaster shiny as a hedge, be sure to prune it. The shrub will actively grow, but will retain its shape.
Like other decorative cultures, cotoneaster is prone to disease. The most common is fusarium, it is manifested by yellowing of the leaf plate. If not treated in time, cotoneaster, he will die.
Having found signs of Fusarium, it is necessary to remove the affected parts of the plant, the soil and the shrub itself to process fungicide. You can not hesitate with the processing, as the cotoneaster can die! Sometimes a culture is attacked:
In the fight against pests use garlic tincture or a product prepared on the basis of potato tops. The infusion of yarrow also helps expel insects. If folk remedies do not help, I advise you to use insecticides. The most popular drug is Actellic.
The advantage of the cotoneaster is brilliant in that it is resistant to frost. The shrub is not covered in a mild climate. If the winter is harsh and snowless, the tree trunk should be mulched using foliage. The thickness of the layer of mulch should be 7 - 10 cm. Spunbond can be used as a covering material.
Seed propagation is rarely practiced in the case of cotoneaster. The fact is that the seeds of this plant do not germinate well: when sowing 20 pieces, only 8 - 9 will ascend. Stratification is a long and laborious process. You will need to collect the seeds in the middle of autumn, put them in a plate and store them on the shelf of the refrigerator until the beginning of September!
To speed up the process, it is necessary to keep the seeds in sulfuric acid for 20 minutes, then remove, rinse and place on the shelf of the refrigerator. Sowing material is kept for 30 days. Before sowing a garden bed, soak it in water. A certain number of seeds should come up, you will need to remove them, the rest - to determine to a depth of 2 - 3 cm.
The distance between the beds should be 20 cm. Since the cotoneaster seeds do not germinate well, you will not see the seedlings in the next few days. Crops will appear already in 10-12 months!
One-year thirty centimeter seedling gradually forms a crown. The lack of a plant is that, when grown from seeds, it blooms only in the fifth year.
Kizilnik brilliant can be propagated by cuttings. In this case, woody branches 20 cm long are used. Each should have several internodes.
In early spring, you will need to take cuttings, place them in a growth stimulant drug, and withstand for 3-4 hours, then land, pre-wetting the soil mixture.
It’s easy to prepare, you need to take sand, sod soil and humus in equal proportions. I advise you to determine the cuttings to a depth of 6 cm, then cover with a plastic container. Take it off every day so that the seedlings can breathe fully.
In the fall, they form roots, at this time you will need to plant in open ground. In order for young plants to tolerate winter well, they must be mulched with needles. If not, dry foliage should be used.