Amaranth thrown back is an annual plant, growth up to 0.9 m. The rosée of the pinkish-colored schichitsa. It is possible to learn a schirits by flowers - they are small, yellowish-green color.
Not frost resistant. It blooms from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Monoecious flowers (separate flowers of male or female origin, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and pollinated by the wind. The plant is self-pollinated. Cultivation: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, and also prefers well-drained soils. Suitable pH: acidic, neutral and alkaline soils and can grow in very acidic and very alkaline soils.
Schiritsa can not grow in the shade. She prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought.
Seen in all areas. The amaranth family includes 4 more species that are found throughout the country. It grows in gardens and fields, near roads. It is considered a weed.
Edible parts: leaves, seeds.
Culinary application of shchiritsy:
Young leaves - raw or cooked like spinach. They have a mild flavor, and are often mixed with stronger flavored leaves. Amaranth is rich in iron, it is also a good source of vitamins A and C.
Seeds - raw or boiled. They were ground into powder and used as a substitute for cereals, and some were added to salads. The seeds are very small, about 1 mm in diameter, but easily collected and very nutritious. The taste will improve significantly if you fry the seeds before grinding. They are often added to corn flour. Seeds can be cooked whole, and they become jelly-like, so some of the seeds will pass directly through the digestive system without assimilating.
How to use schiritsy
Astringent tea from the leaves as an astringent. It is used in the treatment of heavy menstruation, intestinal bleeding, diarrhea, etc. Infusion is used to treat hoarseness.
Grind shchiritsya grass upturned, add from 1 to 3 tbsp. l in a full glass with boiling water, insist about an hour, after which it is necessary to filter. To accept during the day 3 times, before meals (divide the reception of the obtained composition into 3 times in even parts).
1 tbsp. dry crushed leaves add to a glass of water, then cook for 2-3 minutes, after insisting 1 hour, and be sure to drain. Take half a cup 3-4 times a day, before meals.
Yellow and red dyes are obtained from the whole plant. Like many other Amaranthus species, this plant can be harmful and even fatal when feeding large quantities of cattle and pigs. However, when supplied in moderation, it is considered an exceptionally nutritious food.
Photo shchiritsy thrown back and how to fight?
This plant is considered a weed, so it is extremely common throughout the territory. Not everyone knows that the amaranth family can be used in traditional medicine, and they want to get rid of the annoying weed plant as soon as possible.
There are some ways:
- Thorough cleaning of seed.
- Use of herbicides.
- Mow the grass before flowering.
You can always choose the option that you like - use in traditional medicine or shchiritsu as a weed to destroy. You should also always consult with your doctor about doses and dosages. Be healthy!
Application of schiritsa
In many countries of Southeast Asia, Europe, Africa, schiritsu belong to the food and medicinal plants. Flour and confectionery products and drinks are made from grains. Fresh and dried leaves are fried, steamed and preserved. In Asian cuisine, herb schichitsa is used as a tasty vitamin supplement to salads, fish, and meat. In Greek cuisine, sprouts of shchiritsa are watered with olive oil, lemon juice is added and used as a side dish to fish dishes.
In folk medicine, germinated grains are used as a means to strengthen the body. Chinese healers with the help of oil from the seeds of schiritsa treat tumors, fight against aging. Shchiren oil contains a unique element squalene (we will tell about it in more detail below). The seeds of schichitsa ordinary recommended to use as additives in dietary products: bakery products, cereals, pastry and pasta.
Schichitsa flour has a biological value, is a source of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, vitamins C and PP. It does not contain gluten and may well become the basis of the diet for patients with celiac disease, without the addition of wheat flour. In Russia, this plant is grown as an ornamental and for animal feed. Getting to the garden, the field, schiritsa ordinary, the photo of which you can see in this article, is growing rapidly. It is considered a weed, which is very difficult to fight.
Schirits ordinary: useful properties
Despite the fact that schiritsa, or amaranth, is a weed plant, and earlier it was most often used for livestock feed, people over time noticed its beneficial properties, began to use it for treatment. Each part of common schichitsa has a rich biological and chemical composition:
- proteins, including albumin and globulins,
- dietary fiber (fiber),
- tocotrienol form of vitamin E,
- lysine amino acid
- flavonoids (rutin, quercetin and trefolin),
- vitamin C,
- B vitamins,
- retinol (vitamin A),
The plant contains a huge amount of micro and macro elements: calcium and potassium, manganese and magnesium, fluorine and sodium, zinc and iron, copper and selenium. The leaves and seeds of schichitsa ordinary contain fatty oil, saturated with bound acids (oleic, stearic, linoleic, palmitic). The roots contain:
Especially it is necessary to dwell on this substance, which is part of the plant. Squalene is a triterpene hydrocarbon belonging to the carotenoid group. Its feature is to help with the oxygenation of cells of the body.
Taking active part in metabolism, squalene affects cholesterol levels. Moreover, it has antimicrobial properties. This substance is often used in cosmetology. Its pronounced anti-aging properties are used in the production of anti-aging cosmetics.
Schiritsa ordinary: medicinal properties
Due to the rich vitamin-mineral composition and high energy value, traditional healers and doctors of traditional medicine actively use this amazing plant in their practice. Drugs based on it are shown in the treatment of:
- some diseases of the genitourinary system
- childhood nocturnal enuresis,
- recovery of the body with anemia, vitamin deficiency and loss of strength,
- painful hemorrhoids,
- overweight and obesity,
- diabetes mellitus, as a prophylactic,
How is the recovery?
Broths and infusions of the plant are used to treat skin lesions, dental diseases (periodontal disease, stomatitis), healing ulcers of the gastrointestinal system. Schiritsa stimulates:
- saturation of organs and tissues with oxygen,
- immune system to resist viruses,
- prevents the formation and development of cancer cells,
- blood is cleared from infections
- heavy metals and toxins are eliminated,
- visual acuity improves,
- recovery from serious illnesses and radiation therapy is accelerated,
- regenerative functions are activated.
Decoction of the roots
For the preparation of this remedy, you will need fifteen grams of powdered dry raw material, which is brewed with boiling water (200 ml). Then the container with the grass put in a water bath and boil for thirty minutes. Within ten minutes, the composition is allowed to cool and filter. Take the tool for a third cup twice a day.
Infusion of leaves (fresh)
One spoon (table) of the crushed leaves of a grass fill in 200 ml of boiled water. Cover the container and let the medium infuse for about forty minutes. Strain and take with honey for a quarter cup with acute stomach pains three times a day.
This substance derived from grains is rich in squalene. It contains vitamin D, which is necessary for the full synthesis of the hormone. In addition, it is useful for human skin, has many healing properties. Schichirits seeds are rich in vitamin E - the best antioxidant. Oil from grains of schyritsy surpasses sea buckthorn in all indicators.
Chopped dry grass (400 g) brew two liters of boiling water and boil for another fifteen minutes over low heat. For half an hour, allow the medium to infuse and pour it into the bath. This therapeutic bath is recommended three times a week for skin diseases. The duration of the procedure is not more than half an hour.
Dry herb schichitsy ordinary (flowers and leaves), pour vodka and put for two weeks in a dark place. Strain and take a spoon (tea), diluted in a small amount of water before meals for diseases of the urogenital system.
In case of diabetes, gastritis, pain in the liver, folk healers recommend taking shchiritsa juice mixed with homemade sour cream and cream. Juice is prepared as follows. Juice is squeezed out of fresh leaves, having previously passed them through a meat grinder or by grinding it with a blender. You can use a juicer.
Juice is mixed in a 1: 1 ratio with cream. It should be taken three times a day in a spoon (canteen) after meals.
A spoon (tablespoon) of crushed inflorescences of schiritsa along with the seeds must be poured 250 ml of boiling water and put the container for twenty minutes in a water bath. After the specified time, leave the agent to cool completely. Then strain and take on a spoon (tea), washing down the product with 50 ml of water. Take three times a day, thirty minutes before a meal and before going to bed at night. The course of treatment is designed for two weeks.
This is a unique composition that removes toxins and other harmful substances from the body. To prepare it, you will need schiritsa, St. John's wort, birch buds and chamomile pharmacy one spoon (dining room). Two spoons of the collection brew 500 ml of boiling water, let the composition brew for three hours and strain it. The mixture is taken twice a day, one glass - in the morning on an empty stomach and at night, adding a spoonful of honey (tea). Before taking the infusion should be heated. Repeated reception of this anti-aging mixture is carried out no earlier than two years.
Like all medicinal plants, schiritsa has limitations in taking drugs based on it. These include:
- gluten enteropathy,
- urolithiasis disease,
- individual intolerance,
History of origin
The historical and cultural region, where the amaranth comes from, has its specific name - Mesoamerica. It includes the territory from Mexico to Honduras, where in the pre-Columbian times there were highly developed civilizations of the Aztecs, Mayans and others. For thousands of years, the indigenous tribes cultivated amaranth, which was called the "golden grain of God." He had to save the people from hunger forever and grant him immortality. Amaranth - "Aztec wheat", "Inca bread" - was the basis of the diet, the equivalent of gold and a cult plant, products from which were used in religious ceremonies. In preparation for the battle, the ancient warriors put paint on the body from the seeds and flowers of amaranth, mixing them with the blood of captured enemies, and also prepared and ate cakes from this mixture.
The history of the cultivation of amaranth received a dramatic turnaround during the colonization of America. Spanish conquistadors planted new traditions, destroying old ones. Amaranth was called "devil's grass" and was banned. Its cultivation was pursued as idolatry and therefore practically ceased. However, thanks to the same conquistadors, the plant moved to the Old World, where it was used for decorative purposes. The rapid chaotic distribution and over-pollination of species led to the fact that the ancient culture lost its inherent useful properties and filled the fertile lands, becoming weeds.
Tatyana Chukhno's Big Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants states that shchiritsa appeared on the territory of Russia in the 14th century. In Slavic culture, mystical properties promising longevity were attributed to amaranth bread. In the 30s of the last century, the Russian scientist, botanist, geneticist and breeder, Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov paid attention to the plant. He predicted the role of the main grain crop of the 21st century.
Peter I loved Porridge from amaranth, but he himself also forbade its cultivation under the pressure of the church, which considered the plant demonic.
The massive interest in amaranth was revived after the publication in 1972 of the results of research by the American scientist John Daunton, who analyzed the composition of the seeds and found out that their benefits to the body surpass many famous cultures. Since that time, pastries and other dietary products made from amaranth flour, cereals and sprouted grains have not left the shelves of health food stores.
Why does the plant have such a name?
The name of the plant has Greek roots and literally means “unfading flower”. Its properties - prolonged flowering, endurance during drought, as well as a beneficial effect on human health - have shaped its artistic image. In painting and literature, amaranth symbolizes immortality, non-aging and incapacity, resilience and loyalty, longevity and healing. In Greece, amaranth was planted on the graves of noble warriors and decorated with tombstones with images. Amaranth is a plant of the Greek ever-young goddess of hunting and fertility, the patroness of all living things, Artemis. The amaranth flower and the motto Non moritura, denying death, decorated the emblem of the famous Italian Renaissance aristocratic Julia Gonzaga after losing her husband.
Types of amaranth
The amaranth family includes cultural, ornamental and weed species of annuals and perennials. In the botanical classification of more than 100. They differ in size and color, but have common external qualities.
Herbaceous stems, simple or branched, have a height of 0.3 - 3 m. The leaves are alternate, in form - whole with a pointed (lanceolate). Small flowers are combined into long dense spike-paniculate inflorescences. The color of the stems and inflorescences varies depending on the variety. The color combines shades of green, red, gold, purple, lilac, brown and other similar colors. Amaranth is very prolific: 200-500 thousand seeds ripen on each plant.
Resistance to drought is achieved through the unique properties of the sheet. In hot weather, the pores, or stomata, through which gas exchange with the environment occurs, are closed. It prevents moisture loss.
What types are cultivated in agriculture
- Amaranthus caudatus (Amaranth tailed),
- Amaranthus cruentus (Amaranth crimson),
- Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranth sad).
- Amaranthus tricolor (Amaranth tricolor) - as a vegetable plant.
Mostly the same species are used in landscape design, since they have large inflorescences and colorful leaves.
- Amaranthus retroflexus (Amaranth upturned) - this plant is known in Russia under the name shchiritsa,
- Amaranthus blitum (bluish amaranth).
Grains and meal - chemical composition and vitamins
Studying the chemical composition of the plant, modern medicine and cosmetology become its admirers, practically reviving the ancient cult. The most valuable substances that make amaranth a nourishing and healing plant are protein, lysine and squalene.
100 g of amaranth contains 14 g of protein, balanced in composition of amino acids. Its nutritional value (about 370 calories per 100 g) is superior to other grains, soybeans, and even dairy products. Amaranth protein is as close as possible to the “ideal protein”, according to theoretical calculations, and is well absorbed.
Lysine is an amino acid that is part of the protein, without which collagen synthesis is impossible (it helps to preserve the elasticity and elasticity of the skin and blood vessels). Amaranth contains twice as much lysine as wheat and three times more than corn. In combination with vitamin C, which is also rich in plants, lysine fights viruses well.
The unique and effective immunostimulant contained in the grain structure. Thanks to squalene, tissues and organs are saturated with atomic oxygen, which neutralizes free radicals and, thus, prevents the appearance and development of tumors.
In addition, amaranth contains:
Carbohydrates - 68.5 g,
Cellulose - 6.5 g,
- A (beta carotene),
- B1 (thiamine)
- B2 (riboflavin),
- B3 or PP (niacin)
- B4 (choline),
- B5 (pantothenic acid),
- B6 (pyridoxine),
- B9 (folic acid),
- C (ascorbic acid),
- E (tocopherol).
Amaranth is eaten in a variety of ways. In the preparation of dishes, mainly dietary, all parts of the plant are involved.
Fresh young leaves are used to make salads, side dishes and soups (like spinach). Dried leaves are added to food or brewed in tea.
Сама по себе зелень амаранта не имеет яркого вкуса. But it is good to add it as a healthy ingredient in green or vegetable dishes of several characteristic taste components.
Grains are eaten in their natural form, roasted or germinated. Roasted seeds taste and smell reminiscent of nuts. When heated, they burst like popcorn. Grains, natural or roasted, are added to pastries, casseroles, fritters, etc. Nutritious cereals are made from fresh cereals. The only drawback of amaranth porridge is that it is cooked long enough. Amaranth seedlings are put in salads and smoothies. They are often used in medicine, as the use of the product in them increases.
Amaranth bread is baked from ground flour. It is used as an additive to other flour products. The tradition of cooking edible figurines from amaranth flour did not stop in America and Mexico. On the contrary, it captured Southeast Asia and China. In the markets in these places you can always buy amaranth chips, pasta, pastries or sweets. In Russia, amaranth bread is found in church shops.
Amaranth oil in its pure form is used as a therapeutic drug. In small quantities, mixed with other vegetable oils, can be used in food as a dressing.
Amaranth Smoothie Recipe
As an alternative to baking and porridge, you can make a recipe for a great cold smoothie with amaranth sprouts. To make this trendy and nutritious drink, you need only a blender and a certain amount of fantasy. Light kefir, natural yogurt or just water will be the ideal basis for your smoothie. Add your favorite fruit to the drink! A cold smoothie for breakfast, created according to your author's recipe, will not only energize, but also lift your spirits.
Used in both traditional and traditional medicine. Its use strengthens the immune system, has a positive effect on cholesterol and the central nervous system. It is used for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
Since amaranth normalizes the metabolism of fats and the level of glucose in the blood, while being extremely nutritious, it is indispensable for weight loss and is recommended for people suffering from obesity or struggling with obesity. It is taken for gluten intolerance and diabetes.
Due to the high content of squalene, amaranth helps in preventing the occurrence of malignant tumors and restoring the body after chemotherapy, accompanying the treatment of cancer.
Due to its nutritional properties and great energy potential, it is used in the preparation of baby food. Can be used during pregnancy.
Amaranth does not contain substances capable of harming a person in moderation.
Heat treatment at temperatures above 40 degrees destroys the vast majority of nutrients that the plant is rich in. To save them, you can make a squeeze from the seeds in a mortar. No industrial oils can not stand comparison in quality with homemade.
Consider that germinated seeds contain much more antioxidants than dry ones. Their use will bring the maximum benefit. It is not difficult to germinate seeds. You need to put them in a thin layer in a tray on wet gauze and moisturize as they dry. Sprouts will appear within 2 to 3 days. In a week microgreen will develop.
Collecting and storing seeds
Time suitable for collecting amaranth depends on the purpose of the crop. Leaves for salads collected young. Seeds are harvested at the beginning of their maturation. Collected panicles are dried in a well-ventilated area, in the inaccessibility of sunlight and pests. To release the seeds is simple - you need to rub the buds in the palms. You can additionally sift them through a sieve.
Amaranth is harvested for the winter in dry or frozen form. Greens are dried on a flat surface or suspended in bunches. The main thing is good air circulation in the room. It is possible to freeze greens in a usual home freezer.
The composition of the leaves and seeds
As in the case of any other wild-growing grass, the chemical composition of amaranth leaves and seeds can be both extremely varied and extremely poor or even harmful. Most of all the benefit of amaranth depends on the properties of the environment in which it grew. Amaranth leaves such variability concerns more, less seeds. They are used in traditional medicine and cooking most often, but there are cases of application of amaranth roots.
The most permanent components in the composition of the leaves and seeds of amaranth are the following compounds.
- Quercetin. Bioflavonoid with antioxidant properties. Some flavonoids are poisonous and therefore have an antitumor effect. But most are also quite good adaptogens - means of activating the immune system. Quercetin in amaranth leaves is best known for its radioprotective (anti-radiation) and capillary-strengthening action. At the same time, it stimulates the growth and activity of osteoclasts - macrophages specific for bone tissue, which destroy its old structures. This property can be both useful (osteoclasts create conditions for the renewal of bones and cartilages) and not so much, since the speed of their work should coincide with the speed of work of osteoblasts - their antagonists, forming a new bone tissue. Over the years, the destruction of bones begins to “overtake” their recovery, therefore taking quercetin with leaves or seeds of amaranth in case of bone pathologies and in old age is undesirable.
- Rutin Derivative of quercetin, more widely known as vitamin R. Rutin in the composition of amaranth leaves is most relevant for hemorrhage - increased bleeding due to impaired permeability of the vascular walls or clotting. But it is also useful in a number of diseases of the blood, sepsis, joints, for example, rheumatism, kidneys.
- Carotenoids. Natural dyes in amaranth leaves, giving them, the fruits and flowers of plants all shades of color from yellow to scarlet. They are the precursors of vitamin A - retinol, and perform the same antioxidant function in the human body.
- Vitamin C . A good means of maintaining antiviral immunity and elasticity of all tissues that contain a lot of collagen (connective and ligamentous fibers, cartilage, lower layers of the skin).
- Vitamin E. Responsible for the normal regeneration and elasticity of the upper layers of the skin, hair and nails, the health of the vessel walls.
- Vitamins of group B. Important in that they regulate the work of a number of endocrine glands and the central nervous system.
Contains amaranth and inorganic components.
- Calcium. Frequent "guest" in the composition of plants, including amaranth leaves and seeds, but contained in them in relatively small amounts. Yet it is necessary for bones, tooth enamel, and even muscles (they use it to maintain the contractility of their fiber).
- Sodium. The main regulator of fluid metabolism in cells, tissues and the bloodstream.
- Potassium. Stimulator of vascular tone, prone to equalize blood pressure in different parts of the vascular network.
- Magnesium. Which reduces the pressure, the tone of the walls of blood vessels and heart rate.
- Iron The main component of blood formation, without which the synthesis and normal functioning of erythrocytes in the bone marrow are impossible.
- Manganese Dangerous to health in abundance, but an element necessary in microscopic doses. It is able to replace magnesium and iron in a number of biochemical transformations, including the breakdown of ATP (adenosine triphosphate, the main catalyst of all chemical reactions) in cellular mitochondria, iron in red blood cells (if there is a lack of iron for their normal activity).
- Copper. Needed by plants for their metabolism more than humans. And yet she takes part in one of the stages of oxygen metabolism, supports the functionality of human erythrocytes.
- Selenium. Rarely is a trace element found in sufficient quantity. Selenium is involved in the synthesis of male sperm, and is also used by hair follicles in both sexes. It is his increased consumption in the body of men explains the high prevalence of dandruff among the stronger sex.
- Zinc Party carbohydrate and gas exchange. It is present in the molecules of insulin, therefore useful in diabetes. In addition, various zinc compounds are often used in cosmetology as part of facial bleaching agents, since this metal, unlike lead, is not toxic to the body.
In addition, the leaves of edible varieties of amaranth can be saturated with food acids (in particular, oxalic, citric and others, giving them a taste similar to spinach) and vegetable protein. And amaranth seeds are usually rich in polyunsaturated acids, as, indeed, any other vegetable oil with the exception of castor oil.
Additionally, amaranth oil contains a compound called squalene. It is believed that it provides the lion's share of the healing properties of amaranth seeds and all products from them, including butter and flour. In fact, squalene does not possess even a tenth of the medicinal properties attributed to it, especially antitumor.
Useful properties of amaranth: myths ...
Nowadays, the error that the list of medicinal properties of amaranth is wider than that of ginseng and other well-known medicinal plants all over the world is becoming more and more common. For example, among the indications for the use of amaranth (mainly oils, but seeds and leaves, too) are the following states.
- Pathology of the stomach and intestines. Constipation, colitis, colic, hemorrhoids, stomach pains of any etiology, including gastritis and ulcer, hepatitis, fatty hepatosis, pancreatitis, gallstone disease.
- Diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Varicose expansion and thrombosis, ischemia, vasculitis (inflammation of the vascular walls), diabetic angiopathy (the destruction of the collagen layer by the sugar in the walls of the blood vessels, which makes them fragile, reduces the quality of blood circulation throughout the body, but especially the peripheral).
- Malignant neoplasms. Any localization, but primarily of the skin, including unwanted or dangerous moles, melanoma, basalioma, cutaneous horn, squamous cell carcinoma.
- Problems of skin, nails, hair. Acne, inflammations of unknown etiology, pigmentation, excessive hair growth, furunculosis, etc.
- Metabolic disorders. From diabetes and gout to obesity. That is, various drugs on the basis of amaranth leaves, and especially the oil from its seeds, help even with weight loss.
- Pathology of the genitourinary system. From cystitis and ureaplasmosis to endometriosis, cysts, erectile dysfunction in men, cervical erosion.
- Diseases of the structures of the eye. Not only diabetic retinopathy (its nature is the rapid aging of peripheral vessels destroyed by elevated blood sugar), but also conjunctivitis, cataracts, glaucoma.
- Disorders of the central nervous system. From insomnia to senile dementia.
- Diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Not only relatively simple and common, like ARVI, but also tuberculosis, lung cancer, sinusitis and so on.
And so on. For unknown reasons, fans of amaranth leaves and seeds, as well as their medicinal properties, forget to mention only hernia and some bone pathologies. Everything else in this list is. But the reality is that the content of vitamins, minerals and trace elements in 100 g of amaranth leaves or seeds does not even reach one third of the body’s daily need for them.
... and reality
As for the actual medicinal properties of seeds or leaves of amaranth, they, judging by its composition, are much more modest and are limited to:
- vascular diseases - in particular, the initial stages of atherosclerosis and abnormalities in blood pressure, including hypertension, hypotension, and a phenomenon that was previously called vegetovascular dystonia,
- blood pathologies - especially coagulability and red blood cell deficiency,
- radiation sickness - a complex of the consequences of radiation exposure for the organism, which is especially pronounced just in violation of the functions of the bone marrow and blood composition,
- aging of the skin - as well as its hypovitaminosis and natural excessive dryness,
- oily seborrhea - that is, dandruff, if it is caused by a chronic deficiency of selenium,
- male infertility - if it is triggered by a lack of selenium, which caused a decrease in the number of viable spermatozoa in the ejaculate,
- decreased vision, especially at night, since amaranth leaves contain a significant percentage of the precursors of vitamin A.
Due to the presence of a number of vitamins of group B, leaves and seeds of amaranth can alleviate the course of minor deviations in the work of the central nervous system, such as a tendency to convulsions, reduced sensitivity of the skin, "goosebumps." But if they are not caused by hypovitaminosis in group B, there will be no improvement. Due to the presence of food acids, amaranth leaves are surely able to cope with uncomplicated local inflammations of sore throat, age-related phenomena in the joints, scratching of the skin, intestinal dysbacteriosis.
Antitumor effect: is it or not
As for the claimed possibility of using amaranth oil and leaves in folk oncology (that is, as part of herbal chemotherapy with poisonous herbs), it boils down to the anti-cancer properties supposedly present in squalene. In fact, squalene is the chemical precursor of all plant and animal sterols (steroid alcohols) - derivatives of steroids. Simply put, it is formed at various stages of the synthesis of cholesterol and other steroid hormones.
Squalene is synthesized not only in amaranth seeds - it is constantly present in our body, especially in skin fat. It is also important for plant metabolism, which is why it can often be found in the vegetable kingdom, including algae, mushrooms, and, of course, amaranth seeds. But for the first time it was isolated from a shark liver, which requires it to regulate the buoyancy of its own body. That's why he was called squalene - the name of one of the varieties of sharks.
Strange as it may seem, it is probably the direct relationship of squalene to sharks that led to the appearance of a delusion that he and amaranth seeds, which contain it, have some kind of antitumor properties. In folk medicine, shark cartilage has long been widely known - a tool with a proven ability to somewhat enhance anti-cancer immunity. But only because it is one of the richest natural sources of arginine - a common amino acid, which is in general any animal protein.
Amaranth thrown back: description and characteristics of the plant
Amaranth - a weed in the garden. Many people still do not know that this annual herb can be used for good.
The stem is branched and straight. The leaves have an ovate-rhombic form, the edges are finely toothed or wavy. Flowers are grouped into paniculate inflorescences, above them are apical leaves. Inflorescences have a green color. Blossom amaranth thrown back begins in the second half of summer.
Eastern and central regions of North America are considered to be the birthplace of garden weeds, from where it was brought to Russia and Europe. If you do not control the reproduction, the schiritsa behaves quite aggressively, grows quickly and literally stifles vegetable crops. The most common grass on abandoned rural land and wastelands. It prefers nutritious and fertile soils, it is rampant on permeable, humus soils, which include a high concentration of nitrogen.
Attention! For therapeutic purposes, use the roots, leaves, stems and flowers. The composition includes many macro and micronutrients, vitamins and minerals.
Amaranth contains a shock concentration of protein of plant origin (16-18%), an equally important element - antineoplastic squalene (10%), as well as amino acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids (linolenic, linoleic, oleic) that are important for the full body activity.
Also in the composition were found:
An integral component - minerals, such as magnesium, iron, calcium, phosphorus and potassium. Marked impact concentration of vitamin E, B vitamins and bile acids.
Stems and leaves Schyritsy
Numerous laboratory studies have shown that 18 sterols are contained in the stems and leaves of shchiritsa. In addition, they found ascorbic acid (vitamin C), flavonoids and carbohydrates.
For therapeutic purposes
Amaranth-based products benefit not only humans, but also animals. Amaranth is used to treat many diseases.
Here are some uses:
- Thrown up amaranth is used as a styptic. Herbal infusion is indicated for use with heavy menstrual bleeding. When hemorrhoidal bleeding put applications (compresses) from the same infusion. Apply inside is advisable for bloody bowel movements.
- Средства, в основе которых содержится амарант, показаны к применению при кишечных коликах и хронических запорах. Обусловлено это тем, что растение обладает выраженным спазмолитическим и слабительным действием.
Средства, в основе которых содержится амарант
Attention! Амарант имеет специфический, но приятный аромат, который приходится по нраву не только человеку, но и грызунам. It is necessary to store raw materials at home in hermetically sealed containers so that the smell does not spread.
Everyone knows that disease is easier to prevent than to cure. For people who are guided by this rule, amaranth is a real find.
Strengthening the immune system
To strengthen the immune system and prevent diseases, schiritsa is usually taken twice a year: in spring and autumn twice a day, 1 tsp. half an hour before meals.
Amaranth oil can be added to various dishes, cereals and porridges. For one tonic course you can apply no more than 200 ml.
To cleanse and rejuvenate the body, it is recommended to drink tea with dried leaves of amaranth. To prepare the drink will require 1 tbsp. raw materials pour a glass of boiling water. Infused such a drink for 15 minutes.
Amaranth in the form of oil is actively used in cosmetology. Various manufacturers add it to the creams, shampoos, masks, balms, etc.
To supply the skin of the hands it is recommended to use ordinary oil, after applying wear special gloves and sit for at least half an hour. You can add a small amount of high-quality oil in their care products.
Amaranth in the form of oil
Medicinal properties and contraindications
The struggle with the plant does not stop - unfortunately, many agronomists tirelessly destroy useful grass. This is due to the aggressive growth of the plant. However, amaranth oil is used to promote health and treat many diseases.
Medical indications for the use of product of plant origin:
- Diseases of the genitourinary system, the course of inflammatory processes.
- Decreased blood cholesterol concentration, angina, atherosclerosis and anemia.
- Auxiliary in the treatment of malignant neoplasms, strengthens the body during the passage of radiation.
Annual herbaceous plant up to 1 m tall. It grows everywhere, like a weed in crops, gardens, kitchen gardens, on waste grounds, along roads.
The root extends far into the depths. Stem erect, branched, pubescent. The leaves are alternate, ovate-rhombic, at the base elongated into the petiole, at the apex with a notch. The fruit is lenticular black. It blooms from June to September. Fruits until deep autumn.
There are several species. More often others meet:
- Syrice thrown back - A. retroflorum - plant pinkish-green, flowering branches are collected in a compact panicle,
- Schirits tailed - A. cordatus - with purple dangling panicles.
All types of shchiritsy are medicinal, but the most curative properties has shchiritsa tailed.
Used plant parts
Medicinal raw materials are all parts of the plant. Raw materials are harvested during the entire growing season: leaves - before flowering, flower panicles - during flowering, seeds - as they mature, roots - in autumn.
Amaranth as a valuable food culture attracts attention all over the world. In the United States, the amaranth institute and research centers study this culture and introduce it into the food industry. This is due to the fact that the plant contains a large amount of biologically active substances, mainly in the seeds from which amaranth oil is obtained.
Application and healing properties
In the experiment, aqueous extracts of the aerial part of amaranth have a bactericidal, procytocidal and diuretic action. Fatty oil has anti-inflammatory, hemostatic and antifungal effects. A decoction of the roots is effective in the treatment of jaundice and rishty. Fresh juice and infusion exhibit antitumor activity.
In folk medicine, amaranth in the form of infusions and decoctions is used in the treatment of tumors of various etiologies and localization orally and externally, for the treatment of fungal diseases, as a styptic for various bleeding, for liver and heart disease, gastrointestinal infections, externally - for eczema, psoriasis , dermatitis, erosion, endometriosis, colpitis.
A decoction of roots and seeds is used for dysentery, in the form of baths - for various skin diseases, allergies, diathesis, rashes, often with a string and chamomile.
Fresh juice diluted 1: 5 is used for rinsing the mouth, with inflammation of the mucous membranes. Flowering plant sap is an effective, rejuvenating, cosmetic product that strengthens hair roots and promotes their growth.
Oil used for burns, bedsores, insect bites, scars.
Young leaves are eaten, seeds - as seasoning to dishes.
Researches of the British scientists: what they tell about the amaranth thrown back
Amaranth's Amaranthus retroflexus L was analyzed by British researchers W. Bond, G. Davies, R. Turner in Coventry, Organic Gardens of Rhyton. These studies have been for several years now, but this does not make them less interesting.
Amaranth tilted up is a perennial weed growing on cultivated land and in various types of waste collection sites. It is considered to come from North America, but today it is distributed throughout the world.
Amaranth thrown back (or ordinary amaranth) came to the UK in different ways, including migratory birds could carry it. Most often it is found in the warmer arid regions of Britain, for example, in East Anglia. He prefers loose soils rich in nitrogen.
Note!Perhaps it is precisely the love of nitrogen that explains the fact that the schirits or amaranth thrown back loves to grow not only in vegetable gardens, but also around farms, in places where manure is stored. By the way, Ukrainian gardeners have noticed such a tendency - after fertilizing the earth with manure, there is an active growth of schyritsa.
Mature plants of amaranth rejected are used as animal feed, but young plants eaten in large quantities can be poisonous to livestock.
Green leaves contain oxalates and high levels of nitrates. Sheep, pigs and cattle, especially young calves, may suffer from excessive consumption of this plant.
However, in many parts of the world, it is used as a green vegetable, and the seeds are ground to make flour.
The plant as a whole and the remains of amaranth can have an allelopathic effect on the germination and growth of other plants - that is, it can secrete certain chemical compounds that hinder the development and spread of other plants. It accumulates high levels of cesium 137 and strontium 90 and can be used for bioremediation of polluted soil.
The blooming of amaranth, which is thrown back, is rather long - from July to September, depending on the climatic characteristics of the region.
Flowers are mostly pollinated by the wind, but some insect pollination can occur. Seeds ripen from August to October (again, depending on the climatic characteristics of the region).
The minimum time for seed development is 30 days from the beginning of the flowering period. The average number of seeds per plant is 117,400 units, but there may be more than 229,000 seeds per large plant. Nearly located plants have fewer seeds. The mass of 1000 seeds ranges from 0.340 to 0.439 g. Seeds on plants that ripen earlier in the season are heavier than seeds on plants that ripen later. Seeds can remain even in overripe buds, that is, do not get enough sleep on their own.
Fresh seeds from different populations of ordinary amaranth may differ in their germination characteristics, but the differences are reduced during dry storage.
In laboratory studies, the minimum germination temperature was 10 ° C. Maximum germination occurred at 35-40 ° C. A temperature of 40 ° C led to the germination of ripe seeds soon after harvest. The optimum germination temperature becomes lower as the seeds mature.
In field conditions, ordinary amaranth seeds do not germinate until the temperature starts to grow in late spring or early summer. The main period of occurrence of seedlings occurs from May to August, but some seedlings may appear in April.
Saplings appear best at a depth of 5 to 30 mm. Below 40 mm seed germination is much smaller. It germinates better in clay than in sandy soil.
Normal amaranth is a C4 plant in terms of carbon fixation during photosynthesis. It grows better at higher temperatures and light levels. Seedlings are sensitive to frost.
As you can see, the shchiritsa, a weed habitual for our latitudes, has some external similarity with cultural amaranth. However, it carries a great threat to any grain, cultivated plants.
Amaranth thrown back is able to cover large areas of the soil with almost a continuous carpet, to oppress the slowly developing shoots of cultivated amaranth and other plants.
Interestingly, the young shoots of schiritsa are quite similar to the shoots of cultural amaranth, which leads to certain difficulties in weeding and thinning crops.
However, there are still differences - the seedlings of cultivated amaranth have a brighter, red color, and therefore it is still possible to fight the weed!
Although it should be noted that shchiritsa ordinary at close proximity to cultivated plants, pereopylyaetsya amaranth, which causes significant damage to the yield and purity of the variety.
From all of the above, we make a simple conclusion - though the amaranth is upturned and the cultivars of this plant, although they represent one family, have some similar indicators, they still differ in their properties and characteristics. And in the crops of cultivated varieties, schiritsa is a clear competitor, hindering the development of plants, reducing crop yields.
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4 comments on ““ Amaranth upturned: general information and interesting observations of scientists from the UK ””
Well, exactly to the point, like schiritsa in our village. Grandmother always forced her to collect in the garden for pigs. Young shoots, still without a seed set, crumbled the little ducklings, said that the bird grows quickly from the schiritsa. And when it was already growing big, with such fleshy leaves, with a seed ovary, it was collected for the pigs. Straight from the roots pulled out. Her pigs loved her very much! Already grunted from pleasure!
Amaranth and shchiritsa - good food for animals. Helps in fast weight gain. No wonder they make it feed! We wrote about them more than once already!
All is well - but the conclusion of the article is also true. Schiritsa weed, which harms cultural crops. Pulls them all the juices. Therefore, it must be destroyed. Although it is resistant.
In the garden, schiritsa especially "attacks". I also remember the village garden and how many there were schiritsa. One has only to leave a couple of plants, of which in the fall