Many gardeners and apricot lovers must have thought about how to grow it from a stone. For the summer season you can prepare and not miss this opportunity.
Obviously, such an activity will require a lot of time and interest in the work, but only the most resistant gardener will be able to enjoy his creation.
Proper care will give its fruits, and sweet apricots can already be seen after 5 years.
How to grow
Choose a variety in your area or ask people in the middle lot. Another way out will be ordering or buying in a store. To do this, choose the bones in the Far East or Siberia. This area is not only the most fruitful, but also frost-resistant for growing this variety.
- Prepare planting material.
Once you have decided on the variety, you should properly prepare the planting material.
- Decide on the choice of seed. The highest quality are sweet fruits. To start, rinse each seed and fold it into a bowl with clean water. Seeds that have surfaced are pacifiers, get rid of them.
- After that, the selected stones should be left for sterilization in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 15 hours.
- Go to the soak. Keep seeds in warm water for a week. Water should be changed every day.
- The final stage is stratification. To do this, you will need to fold the prepared material into a sealed bag and leave it in the refrigerator for 3 months.
- Plant seeds.
Planting in a pot
- Lower the bottom to the bottom and leave 5 cm for sowing.
- Put 3 bones on each container and cover it with 5 cm of ground.
- Water each pot and cover with foil.
- Do not forget to moisten the soil from time to time, and after the first sprouts appear, it is necessary to get rid of the film.
To bloom well, leave the pots on a brightly lit window-sill and keep the temperature at a temperature below 25 ° C. Take the crops to the balcony in warm weather. And most importantly, remember that the seeds love the sun.
It is best to transplant plants in the middle of spring. An additional advantage will be a sunny and closed place from unnecessary drafts. Each well is required to prepare in advance.
- In a month, dig a hole with a depth of 50 cm and a length of at least 65 cm.
- Ram the extracted ground with the fertilizer, creating a small hill in which the seedling will be located.
- On the prepared soil, pour 2 buckets of water defended in the sun.
After planting, regular watering is required (5 times per season). If precipitation is not visible, then it can be done more often.
Selection and preparation of planting material
You need to grow apricot from the bone of the tree that grows in your area. If there is no possibility to get them, then you should order planting material from gardeners who live in the most severe climatic conditions. Apricots growing there are sufficiently hardened and will survive in any climatic conditions and in every corner of the country. The third option is to leave a stone from the fruits bought on the market or in the store. Just do not take hypertrophied foreign varieties, as they will be very problematic to grow.
Before planting apricot seeds in the fall, they need to be filled with water for a day. This method will make it clear which ones are defective and which are not, as low-quality ones will emerge. Pick-up stones need to be planted in trenches six inches deep and with a distance of every ten centimeters. For the result to meet your expectations, the trenches need to be deepened a little more, and a mixture of earth, grass, humus and sand should be placed at the bottom. It is also advisable to fertilize the bones from above with grass and humus. During the winter, apricot from the stone will undergo a natural hardening, and by the spring will give the first tender shoots.If you postpone the landing for the spring period, the bones should undergo stratification. They can be placed in a sandbox and refrigerated for the whole winter. You can take dried bones in the middle of March and put them in water for three days, which needs to be changed every day. After material for landing it is necessary to lay in damp sand and to place in the cellar. In April, the bones can be sown in the open soil as soon as the weather conditions allow.
What soils are suitable for apricots?
The best soil suitable for planting apricot seeds is loamy or slightly loamy. Low carbonate is also suitable. The pH should be between seven and eight. But you can use other soils. The main thing is that they have a light texture, do not contain toxic salts and are very tightly folded.The soil must have good ventilation and drainage properties. Apricots tolerate dry periods, but when moistened, the soil grows remarkably and gives rich yields. Plot with apricot sowing should not be located in the lowlands. Since there is accumulated cold air, which can adversely affect the further cultivation of plants.
Preparatory work should be carried out in advance. The bottom layer of the earth should be drainage from rubble, from above it should be sprinkled with humus and mineral fertilizers, ash and ammonium nitrate. To prevent root burns, you need to prepare a lime mortar in advance. They are lubricated by the roots in such a way that there is no contact with fertilizers. Apricot sprouts need to be planted on a small elevation, the roots must be powdered to the very neck of the plant. Around this mound make a small ditch, which you need to fill with two buckets of water. Some plant apricots horizontally so that they receive heat from the ground. To do this, fix the branches at an angle of at least 45 degrees.
Planting bone in late autumn (natural stratification)If the bones are not planned to be planted in open ground immediately, then they are retained until autumn. They should be planted in late autumn with the onset of the first frosts. Planting apricot bone in the fall should be carried out after natural stratification. All bones are placed in the water and leave only those that lay on the bottom. Next, prepare a trench to the depth of the spade bayonet. Spread humus, chernozem, grass and sand on the bottom. When it remains to the surface of five centimeters, you can lay apricot stones. Cover them with grass and humus from above, but you can not do this, because you need to harden and identify the most winter-hardy plants. By May, already grown seedlings will be visible. Further young plants need to be carefully looked after, protecting them from pests until autumn, until the transplant to a permanent place.
Recommendations for proper care
If all the nuances were taken into account and the care was of high quality, apricots begin to grow quickly enough. Fruiting will be observed in 4-5 years.
Seeds grow juicy and desirable to taste. Consider some points for proper care.
- Since May, apricots need to receive regular watering. By mid-summer, watering stops so that the crop can prepare for the cold.
- Since childhood, seedlings require the annual formation of the crown. Abundant pruning of the tree is transferred extremely hard.
- During the winter, it is important to build a hut of rounded palisade and close with plastic film. In April, you can get rid of the hut.
Planting bone in the spring (artificial stratification)
You can start growing apricots in the middle of spring - in April. In order for the seeds to be well prepared for spring sowing, at the end of January they should be put in boxes or drainage tanks with wet sand. And it is better to prikopat in the garden in the ground, which froze, until the spring. In this case, the stratification of apricot kernels will be the most natural. If you do not really want to mess around in the garden in the winter, you can put these boxes in the basement or in the refrigerator, where the temperature is constantly kept no more than two degrees Celsius. In this form, they must be stored until spring and periodically check the humidity of the sand. In late April, the bones are transplanted into open soil in the same way as in the autumn stratification.
Care for sprouted shootsAs you already know how to sprout apricot seeds, now the first shoots will need to be protected from various encroachments by birds, pests and rodents. Tender shoots are their favorite delicacy, because they have so many nutrients and an abundance of vitamins. There is a great way to protect sprouts by covering them with transparent two-liter plastic bottles. For this, someone cuts only the bottom of the bottle in a circle, and someone else and the neck. To understand which way is better, you just need to experiment. Half of the shelters do the first way, the rest - the second. Then take care of apricots in the same way as for seedlings purchased in garden centers or nurseries. The main thing is to provide apricots with plenty of sunlight, a complex of mineral and organic fertilizers and good watering.
Benefits of growing a bone tree
You can grow apricot trees in several ways. For example, buy a seedling in a specialized nursery, or try to plant a seed yourself. In any case, it will take a lot of patience to wait for the results.
Benefits of growing from bone:
- The first is that it does not require any investment. Bone can be obtained from fruits that are bought or collected for food,
- The second is that many gardeners consider this method of cultivation to significantly increase fruiting,
- Third, gardeners prefer to try to section new varieties of apricot. When the seeds are sown, the main varietal qualities of the parent tree are lost and new ones begin to appear,
- Fourth - it is believed that trees grown on a plot of pits, show a stronger ability to adapt. They are better acclimatized in the natural conditions in which they will grow in the future,
- Fifth - the trees that grow from the stone with the right approach can be grown at home as a normal houseplant.
Planting an apricot tree with seed is significantly different from sowing seeds of other plants. Usually all the qualities of the variety are lost and the seedlings become wild.
Transplanting seedlings to a permanent place
Transplanting apricot is not an easy task because of its characteristics, which must be taken into account if you hope that the tree will take root perfectly in its permanent place. Each of the seedlings must be carefully examined for damage by pests and diseases and select the best ones. A few hours before transplanting, the seedling needs to be watered well, so that the root system is abundantly moistened, as is the ground around it. So you can dig up the roots with a lump of earth, and this will provide good security for them.Of course, you can bare the roots, but this is an extra time cost, and it should be done with extreme caution, keeping even the smallest processes of the system. Pristvolny circle, which is equal to the diameter of the crown, ditch, forming around the tree a small trench to a depth of 80 centimeters. Such depth will become reinsurance, because the main roots will remain unharmed. Long shoots will be cut with a spade. Then, with a pitchfork, you need to gently pry the earthen clod with the root system and move it to cellophane or burlap to keep its shape. If the seedling needs to be transported somewhere, then after extraction it should be put on a dense layer of sawdust.
New planting pit for apricot is prepared in advance. For example, they are dug up for spring transplantation in the fall, but for the fall - for a month. The pit should be about two times wider than the crown of the plant. So the roots will get more free space. The depth will depend on the age of the seedling and the extent of its root system.It is useful to add a pound of superphosphate and two hundred grams of ammonium nitrate to the pit. If the earth is more acidic than necessary, one kilogram of lime is added. For clay soils, fertilizer derived from red clay, peat and sand is used in equal proportions. The seedling is placed in the pit strictly perpendicular if it is in an earthen coma. If the root system is open, then the roots are straightened and gently covered with earth. To tamp the ground is not worth it, you just need to fix the tree.
After planting make around the apricot mound of land that will keep water from spreading in the root zone after watering. And it is necessary to moisten the soil very abundantly. In the first season after transplanting a tree to a permanent place, it is necessary to water it intensively, gradually reducing the amount of water. Growth of the root system should slow down before the onset of winter.
Apricot should be abundantly watered after harvesting the fruits, in order to restore the strength of the tree spent on their ripening.
To harm the plant can aphid and moth. On a small seedling, you can get rid of the pest by hand or wash it off using a soap solution.
In order not to form aphid, do not let the ants, they are the carriers of this infection.
- in the fall, spray the tree with a solution of urea,
- by the end of winter, use blue vitriol,
- get rid of spoiled leaves and trunks,
- before wintering, do not forget to whitewash all the trees, this method will help you get rid of pests.
Varieties of apricots, suitable for breeding bone
Choosing an apricot tree variety for planting with bones, it is important to select the one that grows well in your area. In this case, the sprout can quickly adapt to all climatic features. It is important to understand that the fruits of imported varieties are not suitable for seeds and can simply not settle down.
Most of all varieties of apricot can grow well in warm climates. The tree was originally bred as Asian. It adapts well to the conditions that may arise in the conditions of heat.
Many gardeners want to grow winter-hardy varieties of trees. With success, apricots can be planted even in the Far East, where the climate is quite difficult. It can be such breeding varieties as Manchurian, Siberian, Khabarovsk and others.
Some varieties of apricot can be grown in the Moscow region. Climatic conditions there are quite difficult, but scientists have found a way out. They brought out special varieties for this particular weather. Thanks to the hard work of breeders, trees show endurance and the ability to survive in difficult conditions.
Advantages of the method
Many may say why it is necessary to grow a tree from a stone, if it is easier to buy ready-made apricot seedlings of any kind. But experienced gardeners still prefer a long process, planting a bone, why?
- Economical way, does not require cash investments even when planting a garden of apricots.
- Trees thus obtained will produce a higher and more stable harvest in the future. There is an opportunity to plant a large number of apricot seeds, so that after their germination they select the strongest seedlings.
- True gardeners can not without creative experiments in the field of breeding. When planting apricot seeds, it is difficult to maintain the varietal qualities of the parent plant, resulting in a new variety.
- Those who use this method of cultivation, argue that the resulting apricot seedlings have greater stamina and good adaptation to local growing conditions.
- Apricot trees can be used as an exotic houseplant.
There is a method and disadvantages. The breeding process is laborious and lengthy. A high probability of getting "wild", the obligatory vaccination of such a plant. A distinctive feature of planting the seed is that most trees will have large fruits that often exceed the quality of the parent tree.
Apricot varieties that can be propagated by bone
Not all varieties of apricot are suitable for planting pits. Prefer those that grow in your area. A culture that is more adapted to local soil and certain climatic conditions will be able to successfully fruit and develop. Purchased seeds can not bring such a result. They may die more seedlings.
Apricot grows most often in the southern warm climate. The culture is Asian, preferring sunlight, warmth, and not harsh winters. But there are also the most winter-hardy varieties that can be grown in Siberia and the Far East. The following varieties have proven themselves:
- Peter Komarov.
They can be cultivated in central Russia, experiencing 30 degree frosts.
When my husband and I had a dacha, I wondered how to grow an apricot from a stone. Since we both love these berries very much, we decided to try our hand at gardeners. We read a lot of literature about how to grow apricot from a stone in the country, and decided to try. Of course it was difficult, but we did it.