It is believed that Greece is the birthplace of hazel, but in the writings of some ancient Greek philosophers there is a mention that it was brought to the territory of Greece from Syria. It is also unequivocally known that hazel was spread in the Caucasus and in the middle part of modern Turkey (Asia Minor), later it was imported from there to the south of Europe and to the north, and in the 17-18 centuries. Hazel was brought to America. Today, thanks to the efforts of breeders, hazel can be found in almost every part of the planet, in Russia it has become widespread.
Hazel includes seventeen known species, but the ancestors of all species are only three main ones - this is Pontic hazel, large and ordinary. In Russia, this species can be found mainly in the European part of deciduous and mixed forests. Since common hazel loves moisture, in the steppe and forest-steppe zones it grows most often along river banks, beams, and ravines.
Hazel, or the so-called Hazelnut, refers to shrubs with broad leaves, resembling the body of a bream fish, which provided the basis for the Russian name of the shrub. The height of the shrub ranges from two and a half to eight meters.
Hazel propagates both by seeds and roots. Cultivated species of hazel is hazelnuts.
Scope of hazel
Today it has been proven that hazelnuts contain a huge amount of irreplaceable valuable and most useful substances, such as fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, mineral salts, trace elements, medicinal biologically active substances.
Hazelnut nuts are extremely high in calories. The core contains about eighteen percent of easily digestible protein, ascorbic acid, carotene and vitamins of group B.
Hazelnut nuts - hazelnuts are used in the food industry for the manufacture of coffee substitute, cream, milk, flour, butter, and even the cake does not disappear - it turns into a delicious halva. In the production of liqueurs, hazelnut kernels are also used. Of course, we all know that confectioners often use hazelnuts in the preparation of cakes, pastries, and sweets.
Butter made from hazel reminds almond taste very much and is in no way inferior to it in quality. This oil is used not only in food, but also in the production of cream, lipstick, soap, varnish, paints and candles.
Common hazel is a unique plant, people have long found the use of absolutely all of its components. For example, the young foliage of hazel is edible and can be used to make soups or cabbage. In addition, leaves and hazel bark are used in the process of tanning leather. And branches and foliage - an excellent feed for animals.
The wood of hazel itself easily bends, therefore it is often used by joiners for hoops and small handicrafts, and during processing wood gives excellent coal, which is indispensable for filtration, and also suitable for drawing.
When cleaning the wine or to clarify the vinegar used filbert hazel.
Bark is used as a natural environmentally friendly dye, in particular in the printing industry.
Landscape designers have long appreciated the hazelnut, especially its species with red leaves and are often used now for landscaping plots. In agriculture, in addition to the fact that hazel is used as feed, it is also used as a plantation for protecting fields, in strengthening slopes and as hedges.
Hazel as a medicine
As mentioned earlier, Hazel is a universal plant, in folk and scientific medicine almost all parts of this plant are used: foliage, bark, nuts and roots. The harvesting of one or another part of the hazel is made depending on the season:
Spring is the time for collecting young May leaflets of hazel, the leaves are dried in the air, and they can be stored for a year.
Spring, autumn - ideal for harvesting bark, which is dried indoors, not forgetting to air it. The bark is stored twice as long as foliage or fruit.
Autumn is the time of ripening of the fruits of hazel - nuts. As a rule, the nuts are dried in a kiln or dryer.
Hazel against diseases
Common hazel has found application in both prevention and treatment, in particular of such diseases as:
- lung disease
- enlarged prostate gland
- flaccid intestinal peristalsis,
- lazy stomach syndrome
- urolithiasis disease,
- trophic ulcers,
- capillary hemorrhage,
- hypovitaminosis group B,
- inflammation of the urogenital system.
Hazel in medicine
Hazelnut kernels are known for their nutritional properties, so they are used to prepare special creams used to recuperate patients. The kernels have many beneficial and, most importantly, healing properties, such as getting rid of urolithiasis, anemia, improving bowel performance.
In folk medicine, kernels of hazelnut fruits are ground with honey to treat rheumatism, and when rubbed with water to treat bronchitis and alleviate a feverish state, they are also prescribed for hemoptysis and kidney diseases, pounded kernels with egg white help ease pain and accelerate the healing process for burns .
Leschinoe oil is used in the treatment of cholelithiasis and epilepsy, in combination with honey - in the treatment of rheumatism, anemia, rubbing oil into the scalp helps to strengthen the hair.
Nutritionists have also found use for the hazelnut fruit and are often used in prescribing dietary nutrition. Despite the fact that the hazelnut fruits are very high in calories, they are used for weight loss.
Hazel roots in the form of a decoction well help with malaria.
Through dry distillation, wood is used to obtain a liquid used in the treatment of various skin diseases: eczema, psoriasis, streptoderma, and others.
Leaves and bark
The foliage of hazel has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, vasodilating properties. Hazel leaves are most often used in the form of decoctions in the treatment of hemorrhoids, skin diseases, anemia, hypertension, bowel disease.
In medicine, the hazel bark is used to treat epilepsy, ascariasis, leg ulcers and many other diseases.
Leshchina used as antipyretic, astringent, as a remedy for dysentery, varicose veins.
Hazel seeds promote increased milk production.
Pluska as a decoction is used to treat diarrhea, and as a powder in colitis.
Decoction for the treatment of prostate diseases:
Chop leaves and bark of hazel, pour boiling water, put in a water bath for about 20 minutes. The resulting broth strain and cool. Take half a cup three times a day.
If the bark is similarly brewed, then this decoction has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory properties.
Hazel leaf tea brewed as usual tea and is used to strengthen the immune system.
Tincture of hazel bark:
Hazel bark - 2 tablespoons, pour half a liter of boiling water, close tightly and leave for about 12 hours. Then strain the infusion and take 15 minutes before eating.
Hazel bark tincture is very useful for varicose veins, facilitates fever and inflammatory processes.
With varicose veins and thrombophlebitis also helps hazel leaf infusion:
3 tablespoons of hazel leaves pour glasses of vodka, insist for a week in a warm place. Strain and take 40 drops twice a day.
From the leaves of common hazel extract juice, which is used to treat intestinal diseases, anemia, beriberi, rickets.
The juiceprepared as follows: squeeze out fresh leaves during the end of flowering hazel. Use with honey 1-2 tablespoons of the mixture 3-5 times daily before meals.
For the treatment of cough, bronchitis and pneumonia:grind or grind a handful of hazelnuts or hazelnuts in a coffee grinder, combine with 150 ml of hot milk. Take a quarter of a glass, in a heated form 2-3 times a day in between meals.
In the treatment of prostatitis apply nut shells: in a shell of 1 kg of nuts pour water in the amount of 1.5 liters, boil over low heat until the volume decreases to about a liter, as usual, strain and cool. Take 3-4 times daily before meals, 2 tablespoons for 2 months.
Where does hazel grow
Currently, hazel is a large shrub, less commonly a tree, up to 8 meters high, growing throughout the European part of Russia, cultivated in many countries of the world, found on the mountains of Crimea, the Caucasus at an altitude of 800 to 1600 m, sometimes rises to 2300 m above sea level. The area of thickets of common hazel is large. Only in the forests of state importance in Russia, it is about 14 thousand hectares. In addition, hazel is still growing with oak, forming a beautiful undergrowth on an area of approximately 2 million hectares.
The genus of hazel is represented by 20 species. It grows in the Balkan Peninsula, Asia Minor, Northern Iran, the middle and mountainous part of the Caucasus. This is a mighty tree with a straight trunk (height about 30 m), a wide pyramidal crown. It grows 200 years, a ripe tree gives 20 kg of small, thin-shelled, tasty, oily fruits. For beauty, power tree hazel can compete with beech. In the Far East two kinds of hazel grows: Manchu and variegated, in the Caucasus and the Crimea - Lombard, or large, the nuts of which are known as hazelnuts, in Transcaucasia - Pontic and Colchian.
Hazel is a shade-tolerant breed, but it bears good fruit where there is more sunshine, where the earth is more fertile, and where there is more moisture. It grows mainly bushes. A large bush sometimes consists of 50 nuts, and there is not a single main one among them - all stand with a slope in different directions.
In the steppe, hazel is found along forest edges, ravines, cliffs, rivers and streams. Its root system is powerful, distributed in the upper horizons. For the oak forest, it is an indispensable soil-protective undergrowth. This is a very valuable shrub when creating ravine plantations. By giving natural cuts, hazel prevents soil washout or erosion.
White wood hazel has a pinkish tint, durable, viscous, it is well pricked, bends. Goes on hoops, poles, upholstery of fruit boxes, furniture. The coal obtained from it, is used for the production of pencils, gunpowder. Young light chocolate stalks cut down on fishing rods: flexible, durable. Previously, they erected fence-barriers, wove beautiful baskets, made rakes, canes.
According to ancient belief, the branches of hazel possessed mystical, magical powers: for example, a “pointer” of treasures was made from annual shoots. Moreover, they had to be cut off on a moonlit night on Ivan Kupala or on an early Sunday morning. And the Czechs took a consecrated willow and three branches of hazel: one - to search for water under the ground, the other - gold, the third - silver. Marriage ceremonies did not do without the branches of hazel - they served as a symbol of fertility.
This is a fast-growing breed. Over the summer, its shoots are stretched to one and a half meters. Hazel has many breeding methods. If a young shoot is pinned to the ground, consider a new bush. The next spring it can be transplanted. She, like a currant, breeds by dividing the bushes.
If in the autumn ripe nuts fall to the ground, in the spring wait for beautiful shoots. Another method of reproduction is grafting of cuttings on the roots of the bear nut. Fruiting occurs in the second year, and abundant - in the fourth.
Hazel and hazelnut - what's the difference
It's very simple - cultivated varieties of hazel are called hazelnuts. That is, hazel and hazelnuts are almost the same thing, but hazelnut fruits are larger, and its shell is thinner than that of hazel.
I have in the country grow both shrubs - hazel and hazelnuts. Both give a lot of shoots in the spring. Hazelnut bush more powerful. Of course, hazelnuts are larger, but it seems to me that hazel nut tastes richer, although they are small.
The beneficial properties of hazel
Hazelnut nuts - a real delicacy. They can be eaten raw, toasted, dry. They are used to make cakes, creams, various fillings, sweets, halvah, cream, butter, as well as flour, which does not lose its taste for two years. All dietary products with its addition become tasty, high-calorie.
The kernel of the nut contains 60% fat, 18% protein, up to 5% sucrose, also contains vitamins B and C, iron salts, trace elements. Nut yield - 50% of the total nut mass. By the calorie content of hazel nuts twice the white bread and meat. Walnut oil contains 65% oleic, 9% palmetic, 1% stearic acid. It also contains many vitamins.
The beneficial properties of hazel is used in many industries. Walnut oil is used not only by cooks. It is used by painters, perfumers for the production of toilet soap, other cosmetics products, food, paint and varnish industry. Even the shell goes to the production of plywood, linoleum, briquette, grinding stones, activated carbon.
Medicinal properties of hazel and their application in medicine
Common hazel has long been used as a therapeutic drug. It has found application in medicine for a long time to relieve a headache, for rheumatic diseases, for diseases of the kidneys, urinary system, anemia, as a general tonic. Hazel oil mixed with egg white treats burns.
From kernels of nuts it is possible to prepare anti-inflammatory milk, whose caloric content is twice as high as natural cow's.
Crush the nuts with a coffee grinder, and better grind them thoroughly with a mortar. Fill with water for 8-10 hours. Water should slightly cover ground nuts. In the morning, it is not necessary to drain the water, but directly rub the nuts so that a nut porridge would turn out. Let the pulp mass infuse for 3-4 hours. Then it must be boiled, drain. Take 1 teaspoon 3-4 times a day.
It helps nut milk with diseases of the upper respiratory tract, for example, bronchitis, at elevated temperatures. Traditional medicine advises to take nut milk for nursing mothers, especially when they have little milk.
Hazelnuts for epilepsy
Epilepsy is a very severe, insidious disease. A decoction of leaves, bark, hazel roots can alleviate the condition of such a patient.
Harvested raw materials are crushed, as small as possible, placed in an enamel or glass dish. One part of the dry collection pour ten parts of cold water, mix. Place this dish in a water bath, bring water to a boil. Stand the dishes with the collection in boiling water for 20-30 minutes. Remove the finished broth from the heat, incubated for 12-15 minutes, filtered. The volume of decoction, naturally decreased, therefore topped up with boiled water to the initial volume.
During the day you need to drink 1 liter of broth. Every day, prepare a new daily rate of broth. Before taking the broth is slightly heated to body temperature. One liter of broth is divided into five parts - this is at one time (200 ml). Take an hour after eating.
Hazel leaves as a therapeutic and health remedy
Hazel leaves for recreational purposes are harvested in late spring (May-June). They should be dried in the open air, not in the sun. Store in a dry place in paper or cloth bags or pouches. Shelf life - 3 years.
Hazel leaf tea has diuretic properties. It is curious that the same tea is very effective in case of incontinence. It will be useful for varicose veins, diseases of the lymphatic system, anemia, rickets. Brew as well as regular long leaf tea.
Hazelnut oil has beneficial healing and healing properties. One dessert spoon of butter (20 g) before bedtime will help with atherosclerosis. A teaspoon (10-15 g), taken in the morning on an empty stomach, is useful for the prevention of diseases of the thyroid gland. Hazelnut oil tastes good, smells good. It can be bought without a prescription.
Hazel in nature - interesting facts
Hazel blooms - and flooded with jubilant, irrepressible chaffinch singing, thrushes and belobrovniki echo everywhere. Bees rush here. The ovary of each female flower contains two ovules. But only one of them is destined to fertilize, so the nut contains one core.
However, it happens that both ovules develop. Then two kernels take root under the shell. Amazing Such nuts A.S. Pushkin found in the groves around Mikhailovsky, where he had been in exile for several years. For him, as for other people of that time, this phenomenon seemed mysterious, unusual. He even wrote such humorous lines:
"We are exactly a double nutlet under a single shell."
Having appeared in thickets of filber, under rough wide, rounded leaves you will see small "lamps" - clusters of nuts. Каждый орешек, как лампочка, укрыт гофрированным, с ажурным краем «плафончиком» — плюской.
Про орешек этот много загадок придумали, только не сразу поймешь, о чем речь идет:
Посадите лещину обыкновенную у себя на даче – вы получите большую пользу и огромное удовлетворение. Проявите к ней внимание, заботу – она щедро ответит вам добром!
Состав крупных плодов лещины
Кустарники и деревья лещины имеют широкую область распространения. The range of the plant extends from the Baltic to the Far East, where it can be found on the edges of mixed forests or along the edges of ravines. The fruits of cultivated species of hazel are called hazelnuts.
100 g of hazel nuts contain:
- fats 62.6 g,
- proteins 13 g,
- carbohydrate 9.3 g,
- dietary fiber 6 g,
- organic acids 0.1 g,
- water 5.4 g,
- ash 3.6 g
Energy value - 653 kcal. Thus, 400 g of nuts completely covers the daily rate of calories for an adult, moderate physical activity.
- alpha tocopherol (E) 21 mg,
- nicotinic acid (PP) 4.7 mg,
- pyridoxine (B6) 0.24 mg,
- thiamine (B1) 0.46 mg,
- riboflavin (B2) 0.15 mg.
The nuts contain beta-carotene (0.042 mg), which in the body is converted to vitamin A (7 μg).
- potassium 445 mg
- phosphorus 310 mg,
- calcium 188 mg,
- magnesium 160 mg,
- sodium 3 mg.
The nuts contain trace elements iron 5.6 mg, zinc 2.2 mg.
Useful and healing properties of the fruit and leaves of the hazel tree
The benefits of hazel are invaluable! The composition of large hazelnuts - the perfect combination of healthy fats, dietary fiber and protein. Dietary fiber slows the release of glucose, which contributes to the body's energy for a long time. This increases the endurance of the body and reduces recovery time after exercise. Therefore, the nuts will be useful to athletes, active children, people with increased physical activity at work.
Hazelnut nuts contain a record amount of potassium and magnesium. These macronutrients are participants in the regulation of acid-base balance, the heartbeat cycle, increasing the tolerance of oxygen deficiency by the myocardium (heart muscle).
Potassium in the body replaces sodium, the excess of which leads to the formation of excessive fluid and is a big burden on the heart. Potassium strengthens the walls of blood vessels, inhibiting the development of their permeability.
Nuts will be useful for:
- heart failure
- coronary heart disease
- senile wear of the myocardium,
- varicose veins
- angina pectoris,
- sclerosis of cerebral vessels
Phosphorus and calcium form a solid bone structure and are participants in remodeling (renewal) of the skeleton and teeth. Another function of phosphorus is the transfer, transformed from incoming food energy to the tissues of the muscles, brain and nerves. It accumulates in the phosphorus molecules and enters the blood, through which it is carried to all parts of the body. Therefore, muscle contraction and mental activity without phosphorus is impossible. Magnesium reduces nervous irritability and regulates respiratory functions.
Therefore, nuts are recommended to use when:
- increased mental activity
- joint diseases,
- bronchopulmonary diseases
- senile dementia.
Stable intake of iron in the body prevents the risk of anemia and supports the endocrine system.
Fatty acids in combination with minerals have a beneficial effect on the digestive system, help to heal ulcers and gastritis. They increase bile secretion and reduce blood toxicity. Therefore, nuts are included in the clinical nutrition of patients with hepatitis B.
Zinc is an essential element for men's health. He is involved in the production of male hormone - testosterone, which regulates the sexual functions and the quality of sperm.
Vitamin E regulates tissue renewal, which accelerates the healing of wounds, ulcerative lesions and skin irritations. For the ability to restore the natural collagen of the skin it is called beauty vitamin. Vitamin E is an antioxidant that promotes the removal of toxins from the body. Together with beta-carotene, it improves lung and respiratory function.
Vitamin PP is an indispensable participant in the formation of the immune system, metabolism, cellular respiration and oxidation-reduction reactions of the body. B vitamins regulate cell metabolism, promote the absorption of fatty acids and macronutrients.
Contraindications for use
Not without cost, of course, and without contraindications. Excessive consumption of hazelnuts causes headaches and digestive disorders. The daily rate of hazelnuts for an adult is 50 g, and for children 30 g. This is about 10-12 kernels.
Nuts are potential allergens. Therefore, they are excluded from the diet of people with body sensitization and autoimmune diseases. These are psoriasis, urticaria, diathesis and dermatitis. With diabetes, the daily nut rate is halved.
For people with liver and pancreas disease, it is important to consult a doctor before using the product. With obesity from the use of nuts is better to give up.
The benefits of nuts during pregnancy and lactation
Structural changes occur in the woman’s body during the child’s birth. This is due to the emergence of pregnancy hormones progesterone and relaxin, weight gain and placenta pressure on the vessels. Therefore, to prevent complications and the full formation of the fetus requires a constant flow of nutrients from food.
The products recommended for pregnancy include hazel nuts. First of all, they provide a stable supply of the most important macronutrients: potassium, calcium and phosphorus. This strengthens the blood vessels, the failure of which causes complications during pregnancy - preeclampsia, varicose veins, edema.
Calcium and phosphorus are involved in the formation of the bone system of the fetus, thereby preventing the development of rickets. Mother's bone tissue is also strengthened, the load on which increases with each passing month.
Vitamin E is necessary for the formation of the respiratory system of the fetus. In addition, the substance contributes to the maturation of the placenta, regulates its functions and cellular metabolism, prevents detachment. Tocopherol is involved in the synthesis of the hormone prolactin, which provides lactation. Vitamin A is a participant in the formation of fetal visual pigments.
During pregnancy, the body increases the volume of circulating blood to feed the growing uterus. Accordingly, the need for iron, the main participant in blood formation, increases. Against this background, iron deficiency anemia often develops. Consuming nuts prevents this problem.
More caution is necessary to approach the use of nuts during lactation. It is an obligate allergen that can cause an inflammatory reaction in the child’s body. Therefore, hazel is recommended to be introduced into the diet gradually, after sampling less allergenic nuts: walnuts or pine. The recommended age of the child is 3-4 months.
Forest fruits in traditional medicine
Fruit kernels, leaves, plyus (green wrap of nutlets) and a bark of a filbert possess healing properties. The young leaves of the plant are harvested in May, and the bark in early spring or autumn.
- Urolithiasis disease. Frayed nuts (200 g) pour hot water (200 ml) and incubated for 1 hour. Take 50 ml 3 times a day. A positive result is achieved in 10 days.
- Anemia. Chopped nuts (200 g) are mixed with honey (40 g). Take 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day. This recipe will be useful for hypovitaminosis, muscular dystrophy, rheumatism, cardiac pathologies.
- Bronchopulmonary diseases. Crushed hazel kernels (100 g) are mixed with hot milk (150 ml). Take in the heated state of 50 ml 3 times a day. Treatment continues until positive results.
- Violation of potency Ground nuts (150 g) are mixed with goat milk (250 ml). Take 100 ml 3 times a day between meals.
- Dysentery. Dried plyus (20 g) pour water (200 ml) and put on a slow fire for 15 minutes. The remedy is infused for 1 hour and filtered. Take 4 times a day for 100 ml.
- Hypertension. Juice of young leaves are mixed with honey 1: 1. Take 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day between main meals.
- Jaundice. Crushed leaves (10 g) insist in white wine (200 ml) for 8 hours and add golden mustache juice (25 ml). Divided into 3 parts infusion taken during the day. Treatment lasts 12 days.
- Inflammation of the kidneys, liver. Hazelnut shell (2 tbsp. L.) Stripped with boiling water (0.5 liters), insist 12 hours. Strained infusion taken 3 times a day, 100 ml. Treatment continues for a week. The same tool will help to restore intestinal motility.
- Atherosclerosis. Finely chopped bark (40 g) is stripped in boiling water (0.5 l), infused for 2 hours. Take 2 tbsp. l 4 times a day for 10 days.
Hazelnuts are a worthy addition to the diet of adults and children. This is a tasty and nutritious product that strengthens the immune system every day, promotes good mood and vigor under any stress.
The chemical composition of hazelHazel nut is an energetically valuable product, as only 100 g contains 657 Kcal. In addition, hazel has a unique protein composition, identical to egg white: 17.2 g contains 18 amino acids (8 of which are essential), which the human body can receive only with food. Vegetable protein easily digestible allows you to do without meat products (which is important for vegetarians).
Hazelnuts are an important source of:
- fat (up to 70%) — mono - and polyunsaturated fatty acids (respectively 52.5 and 9.1 g),
vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B9, E, C, A, etc.),
minerals (calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, potassium, copper, zinc, selenium, iodine, etc.).
In the leaves of hazel is a lot of essential oils, glycosides. In the bark — there are betulin, tannins, alcohols.
Benefits for women
Hazelnut nuts contain many beneficial trace elements and vitamins that are of great benefit to the female body.
- a large amount of folic acid in nuts is useful for women who are expecting a baby, since eating hazel during pregnancy will ensure the normal development of the fetus,
nuts give a lot of energy. Despite the high caloric content, the combination of acids is so optimal that regular consumption of nuts will not lead to excess centimeters at the waist, on the contrary, “bad” cholesterol will be removed from the body,
help with nervous disorders
preserve the natural beauty of women and rejuvenate the skin,
Benefits for menNuts help men to cope with heavy physical exertion, but that’s not all. Hazel has long been used in traditional medicine as a means to increase potency. Folic acid contributes to the process of sperm formation (30 g of hazelnuts contain 90% of the body's daily need for this acid). In addition, hazelnuts helps with prostate diseases (for inflammatory processes it is recommended to consume 50 g of hazelnuts daily).
The use of hazel in traditional medicine
Traditional healers actively used hazel, namely nut color (earrings), nut kernels, shells, leaves, bark, roots. Healing properties (healing, antipyretic, disinfecting, vasodilating, immunopressing, antidiarrheal, and others) were noticed and effectively applied. Moreover, hazel in traditional medicine continues to be actively used today.
Tea from hazel leaves to strengthen the immune systemHazel leaves contain many essential oils, acids (ascorbic, palmitic), myricitroside glycoside, and many others. Of these, you can prepare a tonic drink that will effectively support the immune system. It is prepared in the same way as tea: it is necessary to pour boiling water over the leaves, insist in heat for 10 minutes and drink it with honey or jam (or simply adding sugar). Hazel leaves can be brewed with regular tea or in medicinal collections.
A mixture of hazel nuts with honey with anemia and loss of strengthWith anemia, a cooked mixture of nut kernels and honey has an effective effect (a glass of nuts will require half a glass of honey). All ingredients are mixed in a blender. Three times a day, before eating you need to take a spoonful of the drug. Hazel with anemia is also used in the form of a nut-honey drink, for which all nuts (2 tablespoons) need to be crushed, add honey (2 teaspoons) and 50 ml of boiling water to them. Beat the mixture, add more boiling water (200 ml) and infuse for 30 minutes. It is necessary to use means daily (five times 50 ml), within three weeks. For the best effect, it is recommended to add dried apricots.
Decoction of hazel in diarrhea (diarrhea)
Diarrhea is treated with green hazel nut shells. For the preparation of the broth requires 20 g of nut raw materials and 25 ml of boiling water. Shells should be filled with boiling water, allowed to stand for another 15 minutes on the stove, insist and cool for a couple of hours, after which they can be drunk 60 ml four times a day.
Decoction of the leaves in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases
Hazel leaves are quite effective in treating diseases of the heart and blood vessels, and their useful properties in these areas have been tested in practice. For the preparation of therapeutic infusion, a tablespoon of dry hazelnut leaf powder is poured with boiling water (250 ml), sealed, and kept in a water bath for 15 minutes (at the lowest heat). After that, remove the composition from the heat and let it brew for another hour. As a result, it remains only to strain the drug and drink 3-4 ml of 50 ml a day. The course of treatment is three months.
A decoction of hazel bark as a febrifugeThe hazel bark also has medicinal properties and is effectively used in the fight against colds. Dry bark powder (3 tablespoons), boiling water (1 liter), must be kept in a sealed container for 15 minutes over low heat. Then, cool, strain (the volume of decoction decreases, you can add boiled water) and drink on an empty stomach 3-4 times a day for 1/3 cup.
Infusion of hazel leaves in prostate adenoma
For the treatment of this disease, hazel bark (harvested during sap flow) and fresh or dry leaves are used:
- fresh leaves (10 tablespoons) or dry (5 tablespoons) placed in an enamel container should be filled with a liter of freshly boiled water, closed and allowed to cool,
chopped bark (8 tablespoons) is poured with boiling water (250 ml), boiled for five minutes and insisted for another hour,
The resulting infusions need to be consumed twice a day, 100 ml each, for three months. One of the medications should definitely take place from 19.00 to 21.00, since it is at this time that the prostate is most effectively treatable.
Hepatitis leaves tinctureTo prepare the tincture will need fresh leaves of hazel. Using a blender, they need to grind, and the resulting slurry is placed in a glass container (made of green or brown opaque glass), and so that it takes ½ volume. In the remaining half topped up with dry white wine. The vessel must be placed in a dark and cool place (it must be shaken every day). After a week, drain, carefully squeeze. Take three times a day for 0.5 cups per month.
Infusion of hazel bark with varicose veins
A hazelnut is also able to help with such diseases as varicose veins, in which case you will need an appropriate infusion. For its preparation it is necessary to take the bark of hazel and mountain arnica (1: 1) 1.5 tablespoons, chop and mix them, pour boiling water in a thermos (1000 ml). Next, hermetically seal and leave overnight. Take before meals. This procedure can be combined with compresses (soak gauze infusion of bark and whey in a 1: 1 ratio.
Peanut oil for parasitic infections (roundworm)It is no secret that hazel oil helps the body to gently and safely get rid of parasites such as roundworm. In this case, you need to take the drug 15 ml before meals (for 25 minutes) four times a day. Duration of treatment — three weeks.
Nut kernels to improve lactation
Hazel nut—reliable means to increase the nutritional value of breast milk and its amount. To do this, chop in a blender to a glass of raw hazelnuts, pour boiling cow milk (2 cups) over them and heat (without boiling) another 10 minutes. Add sugar or honey, close and cool. Drink warm, about half an hour before feeding the baby.
Collection, preparation and storage of hazelIn order for hazel to save its properties, it is necessary to know how to collect and store the collected product. It is desirable to harvest the medicinal plant in ecologically clean areas. Earliest begin to harvest the bark — with the beginning of the awakening of the nut (better, until the buds have dissolved). It should be removed from the branches, which will be cut during thinning. Drying takes several weeks (until it appears brittle when pressed).
The collection of leaves also has its own characteristics:
- It is advisable to carry out the procedure during flowering (early May). At this time, when the weather is dry, young leaves and catkins (in separate containers) are torn off.
When collecting the leaves in the summer, the usefulness in them will be smaller than in spring, but the harm to the tree will be minimal.
Drying leaves in a dark place with good ventilation. The leaves are laid out in one layer on a sheet of plywood, paper, canvas, where they need to be mixed periodically. The collection of nuts takes place in September, when they turn brown and begin to fall from the tree. They harvest the crop in a ply (casing), then sorted (it is necessary to remove damaged, undermined by pests, etc.) and finally dried in the sun or in the oven. Dried raw materials should be stored in cardboard boxes, wooden boxes and drawers or bags of linen no longer than one year (bark — two years).
Как используют лещину в косметологииЛещина обыкновенная—это просто находка для любителей экологически чистой косметики без всякой химии. В народной косметологии часто используется отвар из листьев и молодых стеблей орешника. Он эффективно снимает припухлость век и любые покраснения на коже. Fifteen minutes taking a 37-degree bath with the addition of broth (4 tablespoons of dried hazel leaves brewed in a liter of boiling water, leaving for half an hour) invigorates, improves skin tone, rejuvenates the skin. A special place is occupied by hazel oil (cold pressed).
Oil is used in the care of:
- for hair (in a small amount is rubbed into the scalp to strengthen the roots: when brittle, oil heated to 50 ° C is applied to clean hair, wrapped for 5-6 hours, then washed off with shampoo)
behind the problematic skin of the face (oil is absorbed without leaving a trace, cleans well). Hazel oil (15 ml) mixed with essential oils of spruce, orange and cypress (one drop each) makes the skin silky, smoothes wrinkles. A mixture of 15 ml of nut oil, two drops of eucalyptus oil and a drop of sage oil helps against acne. Pure nut oil should be rubbed into the eyelid skin.
Nut kernels are used in the preparation of masks:
- Wrinkles: ten nuts must be crushed in a blender, pour boiled milk (45 ml), add liquid honey (15 ml) and apply on the skin. After 15 minutes, the mask is washed off with warm water.
- For dry skin: six nuts should be crushed in a blender, mixed with 20 ml of olive oil (until the consistency of sour cream), insist half an hour, apply the composition to the face and hold for 10 minutes. Take off this mask swab with green tea. After that, it remains to wait 5 minutes and wash your face with cool water.
- For normal skin: walnut oil (15 ml) must be mixed with walnut oil (15 ml), strong tea (15 ml), chopped oatmeal (1.5 tablespoons). The mask is applied for 30 minutes, then washed off with warm water.
Common hazel plant
Since childhood, everyone remembers this delicious delicacy - the fruits of common hazel, that is, walnut (also called hazelnuts).
Whoever has not tried it, he probably knows about its existence by wrapping it from sweets or chocolate with nuts.
In folk medicine, these nuts are weighty. Because the fruits of common hazel contain fatty oil (62%), proteins (17%), carbohydrates (7%), mineral substances (2%), vitamins C, D and E.
I recommend to take note of this information about hazel plant. Especially young mothers who breastfeed babies. You should try to eat hazelnuts as much as possible. They increase the fat content of breast milk and increase its "production".
It has long been known that aromatic umbrella plants increase the amount of milk produced. The process is especially active if you combine the use of the decoction of these plants with honey and nuts.
Also, nuts are very useful to use with honey for anemia and rheumatism.
It is worth adding that hazelnuts have a good effect on the process of getting rid of stones with urolithiasis. They do not allow gas to accumulate in the intestines of a person and have a softening effect.
Probably, many have heard that in traditional medicine, the fruits of hazelnut pounded with water are recommended to be used for pulmonary diseases, fever and hemoptysis.
Chopped and mixed with egg white kernels of hazelnuts are good to use externally for burns. A powder of dried plyus or a decoction of the shell will help with colitis.
I would also like you to pay close attention to the hazelnut oil. This is a very powerful medicine that is a sin not to use for the recovery of your body.
Nut oil contains lipotropic substances: choline, lecithin and meteonin. Also in this useful product are unsaturated fatty acids, which are well used against atherosclerosis.
Of course, this is not all! Do not forget about proteins (14-18%), carbohydrates (not more than 8%), biotin, carotene, vitamins B, PP, E, C and iron salts.
Due to the abundance of beneficial properties, walnut oil is specifically used as a lubricant for skin burns.
Another such product is very useful for people who suffer from baldness and hair loss on the head. If you rub oil into the scalp, then in the future you will be able to avoid hair loss.
In addition to hazelnuts and peanut butter, common hazel can give us even more medicinal products. So let's talk about them now.
From this useful plant we may also need leaves, stems, bark and roots. If you harvest the leaves for yourself, then always make a collection during the flowering of the plant itself. But the bark must be harvested in early spring or in the period from August to October.
Hazel bark and healing properties
Let's start with hazel bark and its healing properties. Its medicinal ingredients (exactly and essential oil) have antiseptic, vasoconstrictor and anti-inflammatory effects.
No wonder that more experienced specialists are so actively advised to use the cortex for varicose veins, leg ulcers and capillary hemorrhages.
I want to immediately give you a recipe for hazel bark decoction against varicose veins:
- Take 1 tablespoon of crushed plant bark and pour 0.5 liters of boiling water.
- Next, cook for 10 minutes and then filter.
- It is necessary to drink the medicine before meals with 0.5 cups and 4 times a day.
I would also like to say that the bark decoction was also used for malaria. It can also be used in the form of astringent, antidisenteric and antipyretic drugs against various colds.
In addition to the decoction, you can use tincture of hazel bark. It will help you in the fight against varicose veins, trophic ulcers of the leg and bleeding from small capillary vessels. Here is the recipe for you:
- For 200 ml of water you need to take 1 tablespoon of crushed bark of the plant. Then boil for 5 minutes.
- Insist 4 hours and then filter.
- Drink medicine before eating half a glass and 3 times a day.
I think everyone knows hazel hazel kernels. This is a protein product rich in various vitamins. I recommend that you eat different types of nuts every year. Especially forest.
Also pay attention to the storage of such fruits. Do not store raw materials in plastic bags. Otherwise a fungus will appear. Instead, store better in canvas bags.
Nuts are stored in the refrigerator for much longer. (3-4 years) than at normal room temperature (1 year). Also, before using, I recommend to put the nuts in a bag and then shake them thoroughly.
If you hear a clear jingle, then your product has not deteriorated and can be used further as intended. If there is no ringing, then the nuts began to break down. It is desirable not to use such raw materials.
And of course, still conduct an additional visual inspection of the product. Without this in any way!
Hazelnut is not only a good medicine, but also a healthy diet for humans. There are many delicious dishes, which include this wonderful in my opinion ingredient.
And so that he does not lose his beneficial properties, it must be consumed raw. This will be for you the most useful and effective nutrition!
Raw hazelnut is very well absorbed by the human body. Children can use it already from 2 years old. Also, such a product will be useful to all, even the elderly.
In addition to the above advantages, it should be said that the nut improves many systems in our body:
- digestive system
- visual and auditory
- sexual (applies to both men and women)
- improves memory, skin and hair
- increases bone composition
- better liver, kidneys and so on
How are hazelnuts useful for us?
I will say that by eating such a fruit in its raw form, you cleanse your body of food, household, industrial and medical chemistry. And also from any kind of radiation. Always remember this and often try to use raw hazelnut!
This rule must be observed.
You see what our life is like. Hazards and harmful substances surround us at every step. And with the development of technology, there are even more such dangers.
Therefore, do not disdain this way and try to somehow support your body from all this chemistry and radiation.
Roasted hazelnuts will also be a good product. The only thing, unlike raw, fried will contain a little less useful substances.
However, the difference here is not too huge. So do not worry. In the fried form they will also be useful to use. The benefits will be the same as in the raw, only slightly less effective.
Hazelnut oil, as mentioned above, is also very beneficial for the body. People of almost all ages can take it. The only thing is not for children who are not even 8 months old. And the rest is possible. Even older people.
If you make some salads, I recommend sometimes to use hazelnut oil instead of sunflower. If you do not have it, then this is not a problem. You can buy it in special bottles.
Also, this oil can be filled with cereal in the morning. I will say that in the morning instead of all kinds of tea with sandwiches there, it will be much more useful to eat porridge. Especially if it is seasoned with this type of oil.
The utility here doubles several times!
Also note that the oil is much more useful than the nut itself. That is, unlike a raw nut, oil twice as effectively improves the work of some systems of the human body.
So take this information to your note. And if there is such an opportunity, then be sure to get this useful ingredient for yourself.
Oil will still help you get rid of asthma, allergies, moles, warts, acne, as well as from a variety of radiation and chemistry in the body. In general, the product is very useful. Therefore, I recommend that you use both the butter and the hazelnuts themselves.
For older people who have problems with their teeth, I recommend to use nuts in crushed form. The effect of cleansing the body from this does not become worse.
A bit of history
These are the recipes and useful properties of this plant you may find useful in dealing with various ailments. Let's talk a little more about such a wonderful plant as common hazel.
The history of this plant is very ancient and goes deep back. The shell of hazel, archaeologists found among the pile structures of the iron and bronze age.
It is also worth noting that, since the 15th century, common hazel is mentioned in many studies on traditional medicine. It is also known that in ancient times the Greeks and Romans already distinguished wild and cultivated varieties of this plant.
Now you know what common hazel is and what healing properties it has. In case of certain diseases, do not be afraid to put into practice those prescriptions for the preparation of medicines that were given to you above.
Well, once again pay attention to proper nutrition. Eat raw hazelnuts often. And salads and cereals try to season with hazelnut oil. This is also very useful. In general, be healthy!