Ixia is a South African exotic plant, striking in its beauty and bright color palette. In order to breed it on the site, you should know all the subtleties of planting and care for Ixia in open ground.
Choosing a landing site
Since Ixia refers to the representatives of southern plants, respectively, for its planting it is necessary to select an illuminated area with sufficient moisture. Despite the high humidity, the soil should have good drainage, excluding the stagnation of water. Before planting a plant, the selected area is dug up and fertilized with humus; in case of creating a more loose earth, sand is added. Heavy soil is by no means suitable because it has an adverse effect on growth and flowering. It is also desirable to fertilize it:
To prevent the development of diseases, it is desirable to annually change the location of the flower on the site.
Planting ixia in open ground
Propagated by the plant with the help of bulbs. Before planting, you should pay attention to the bulbs were dense and did not have any damage. Also, before planting, they should be well treated with a fungicide. It is allowed to plant a flower both in autumn and in spring. However, if the soil freezes to 18–20 cm, this process is prohibited. When Ixia is planted in the open ground in spring, the soil is already warmed up, the plant is taking root at a fast rate and is pleased with an abundance of color. Basic rules to consider when disembarking:
- Landing is carried out at a temperature not lower than 10-12 degrees Celsius.
- The depth of the landing fossa should be 3-4 cm.
- At the bottom you need to put a small handful of sand.
- Seedlings are placed in the soil at a distance of 6-8 cm.
- Fall asleep with composted soil.
Planting and care of ixia in open ground in Siberia is carried out, given the climate of the territory. Seedlings are placed in the ground for the most part in mid-May, but if the soil is sufficiently heated, it is possible to plant before the specified period. At the same time, the plant is covered with polyethylene until heat is fully established. Planting and care of Ixia in the soil of the Moscow region are carried out much earlier than in the northern regions of the country, due to the warmer weather conditions.
Care for Ixia in the open field
When planting Ixia in open ground, care should be carried out regularly, this will allow it to grow comfortably and delight in violent flowering. After its placement on the site, the plant is not moistened for 10-15 days; watering is done after the sprouts are detected.
It is necessary to water a flower with warm water, since excessively cold water contributes to its death.
At the time of flowering, Ixia also needs to be watered and sprayed with flowers. The main thing when watering is not to overdo it, it can lead to deterioration of the root system.
With proper care for ixia in the open field, you need to resort to feeding, using organic and mineral fertilizers, which are designed specifically for this flower.
For the emergence of new inflorescences on ixia relies timely to remove the dried out inflorescences. After the flowers fade, watering decreases and sometimes stops completely. When all the leaves dry on Ixia, the onions are dug out of the ground for winter storage, drying and treating them with potassium permanganate.
With proper planting and care for Ixia in the open field, the flower will delight for a long time with its exotic beauty, and decorate the summer cottages and flower beds.
Where better to plant Ixia
Since Ixia is from tropical places, it is necessary to choose a sunny place for it and provide enough moisture. But Ixia does not tolerate stagnant water, therefore, it is necessary to provide good drainage for this exotic.
The chosen place for planting must be well digged and organic fertilizers applied in advance, and if necessary for additional friability, add sand to the soil. Ixia does not like heavy soils, and in fact its blooming will depend on the soil on which it grows.
Since gentle tropical ixia cannot survive the winter frosts, gardeners have found a way to protect the plant. In the fall, the bulbs are dug, carefully and carefully washed with potassium permanganate and left to spend the winter in conditions suitable for the flower.
For wintering maintain a temperature of 8-10 degrees and provide airing.
After waiting for warm spring days, Ixia is again planted in the open ground.
First you need to calculate when it is necessary to plant the bulbs in the soil to prepare in advance for planting.
Two weeks from the planned planting date, seed material begins to be prepared for awakening and germination. To do this, Ixia tubers should be soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 15 minutes to prevent fungal diseases, and then rinse with clean water.
After this procedure, proceed directly to the germination of the bulbs.
It is better to germinate ixia bulbs in a wide and sufficiently spacious box or wooden box. At the bottom pour a layer of moistened sawdust or river sand for 10 centimeters, and on top of them lay the material for planting in dense rows.
After that, it is necessary to create greenhouse conditions for the bulbs, closing with a transparent film on top. The whole structure is then installed in a warm and bright place for germination.
Two weeks later, when the bulbs had proklynulis and began to grow, you need to plant them in open ground.
The sunny spot chosen for planting is carefully dug up and brought in humus with peat and sand, and then the wells are prepared for bulbs 5-7 centimeters deep. The distance between the pits is approximately 20 centimeters.
Planting onions, sprinkle the soil with a mulch layer of 2-3 centimeters and wait for the first shoots without irrigation.
Ixia is quite resistant to various diseases, however, many gardeners prefer to change the landing site for an exotic flower every year, trying to create the most comfortable conditions for growing.
Proper watering is an important condition for keeping plants. Until the first shoots appear, Ixia is not watered, and then they start gradually increasing the volume of water as the flower grows. For irrigation, water is prepared at room temperature.
As soon as the buds began to be tied and flowers appeared, it is necessary to use complex means providing abundant flowering along with the watering. When the plant begins to bloom, it is necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out, constantly moisturize it, because even the slightest drying will be negative for flowers.
In hot weather and in arid weather, ixia requires additional moistening, it needs spraying and abundant watering.
However, we must bear in mind the fact that Ixia, like all bulbous ones, does not tolerate stagnant water, the tubers can start to rot. Therefore, it is especially important to have good drainage. After each watering, the soil is mulched around the flower in order to preserve moisture as much as possible.
With the onset of autumn, when the flowering is over and the inflorescences dry out, watering is stopped, preparing the bulbs for a dormant period.
Mineral complexes are used to feed this exotic flower, alternating them with organic matter. There are even specially designed complex fertilizers for this plant in the stores.
To bloom was more lush, it is necessary to remove dried flowers in time to give new growth.
Diseases and pests
The flower is quite resistant to various pests. Only aphid can attack drop buds. To rescue insects, the plant is treated with insecticides, spraying it on flowers. This event is usually enough for a month, and then, if necessary, processing can be repeated.
Since Ixia is a bulbous plant, it is necessary to ensure that its tubers are not subjected to fungal diseases.
The appearance of such foci on tubers leads to the growth of foci of the disease, mold appears on the whole bulb, it softens and begins to rot. The disease affects the nearby tubers, and in the end you can lose all the planting material.
Therefore, it is very important to process the bulbs of the plant with fungicides, as well as carry out pollination with wood ash or soak it in a light solution of potassium permanganate.
Since thermophilic Ixia cannot withstand the conditions of winter lower temperatures, it is necessary to provide it with more comfortable conditions for the winter.
In the autumn, after the end of the flowering period, when the seeds have ripened and the seed-boxes have formed, and the leaves have begun to dry, we must begin to dig out the bulbs.
It is better to do this work in dry weather so that the tubers do not get wet. For further drying, they are left for 5-7 days in the sun, and then pollinated with charcoal and placed in storage until the next spring.
Periodically planting material must be aired and checked for the presence of rot.
Basically, Ixia is bred by children that grow on the mother bulb.
Before planting the bulbs carry out the separation of children, and the resulting wound at the site of separation is treated with crushed coal.
New onions are planted in the prepared soil, and they can only wait for flowering in 2-3 years.
You can also propagate ixia by dividing the bulb. To do this, a very sharp knife is cut into an onion into pieces, making sure that there is a peephole or a slice of the bottom with roots in each section of the split.
Be sure to treat the wounds from slices with green paint, wood ash or coal dust. After that, delenki immediately planted in the ground. This method of reproduction can give flowers in the current year.
- Flower growers have learned to cultivate many varieties of this amazing tropical plant. Among them, one of the first places is occupied by ixia green flowers. It differs from other representatives of this class in small flat flowers of a delicate greenish shade. They are also distinguished by a dark, almost black snap. The plant blooms at the beginning of the first summer month, has a lush spike-like inflorescence. Moreover, the height of each inflorescence sometimes reaches 0.5 meters.
- Hybrid varieties of charming tropikanka distinguishes a large number of beautiful flowers of different shades, collected in inflorescences. They have leaves arranged in two rows. Plant height of this species is about half a meter.
- Ixia Orange is a dwarf perennial species. They do not grow above 20 cm, and bloom profusely and beautifully. The shades of these colors are very bright orange with a very dark middle.
- The red variety is a marvelous flower. It stands out for its bright lush inflorescences of enormous size.
- Mix strikes a gorgeous bloom. The flowers, collected in large inflorescences of various colors, literally conquer the hearts of romantics. Plants of this variety are white, lemon-colored, hot yellow, red and other colors. The plant blooms for no more than three weeks, like the other varieties, but its flowering time is shifted by a month relative to the orange species. Mix begins to bloom from the beginning of July, and the height of peduncles is usually about half a meter.
- Ixia Spotted has a rounded bulb just up to three centimeters in diameter. The stalks of this iris grow 40 cm and are covered with rather elongated and lanceolate leaves. Narrow lanceolate leaves are located and below. Its coloring is striking: the white color of the rounded petals has a bright purple frame, and the deep shed has a dark purple color. This combination of shades makes this variety particularly refined in comparison with other plants.
There are many other kinds of killer species of this species, and each of them is able to conquer the heart of even the most experienced grower.
After the tubers are planted, they are not recommended to be watered for a couple of weeks. This can be done only after the first shoots appeared from the ground. Moreover, watering gradually increase. In the season of development and flowering, this iris requires abundant watering, and making special supplements that are needed to improve flowering. But the soil on the bed with Ixia should not dry out. When the weather is very dry, even after the flowering process is completed, it is necessary to water a little.
Top dressing is done with the help of irrigation with a solution of mineral fertilizers - this method of feeding alternates with organic feed. In the autumn, at the end of flowering time, watering is usually stopped and dried stems are cut off. Before the onset of cold weather, bulbs are dug for winter storage.
Although the care of the iris of this type in enclosed spaces will be more difficult. Among other things, you need high-quality lighting and optimum temperature. For lighting plants it is better to use a lamp like DNAT with a capacity of at least 60 watts. - This will be the key to quality flowering.
Under the conditions of the continental climate, it is not worth risking, leaving Ixia for the winter in the ground, delicate onions will die at -1-2 ° С. Tropical guest adores fertile, well-drained loose soil. Therefore, before planting on a bed, which is defined for ixia, it is distributed evenly by humus or copered manure. If the ground is “heavy”, a bucket of sand is mixed into it. The calculation of such top dressing of soil per 1 m 2 of the site is as follows:
- a bucket of win over humus
- superphosphate (70 g),
- a little magnesium (20 g),
- ash from burnt wood materials (about 250 g).
For the Ixia plant, planting and care in the open field from early spring is not possible everywhere. In the strip of temperate continental climate, it can be planted only after the end of the cold and when the danger of frost is over. She, in contrast to many local Icas, heat-loving.
This iris plant rarely gets sick, but gardeners recommend planting tubers each time to a new place. It loves brightly lit places, but is afraid of drafts. The soil is preferred drained, nutritious, enriched with manure. At the landing site should not be stagnant.
Division of tubers
It is possible to reproduce Ixia by dividing the tubers, into parts, since they have several “eyes” (the so-called root buds), for this purpose:
- Cut the tuber into pieces so that in each part there is a kidney (or several) and a piece of onion with small roots.
- All sections, on each piece, sprinkled with ashes.
- The pits for each delenka are made to a depth of about 5 cm, the distance between the holes is at least 3 cm.
- At the end of the planting of tubers need to make mulching of the soil, but not deeper than three centimeters.
- Watering delenki immediately after planting is not worth it. The first time it is better to moisten the ground with parts of the onions, 14-16 days after disembarkation and the emergence of nodule sprouts.
Storing tubers in winter
The plant does not tolerate frost, but flower growers in central Russia have managed to find a way out. With the onset of the cold season, the nodules are carefully dug out, thoroughly cleaned from the ground, being careful not to damage the roots on the tubers. Then the nodules are washed with a solution of potassium permanganate at the rate of 5 grams per bucket of water and dried, and then placed in storage in a well-ventilated, cool place. You can put them in the fridge for vegetables. With the onset of spring corms are planted in the garden. It is not necessary to dig out the bulbs in the southern latitudes, but it is necessary to warm them in the fall. To do this, use dried leaves or chopped straw.
Use in the garden
- In gardens, Ixia is most often used to design mixborders, adjacent to other representatives of bulbous plants and ornamental shrubs.
- They can also be indispensable for the design of borders on flower beds or rabatkah.
- Ixia feel comfortable and in stone gardens, rock gardens.
- It can be used in flowerpots and container plantings in the design of verandas and terraces.
Bright flowers of the plant do not fade in bouquets for a long time (almost 2 weeks), exuding a delicate scent almost all the time standing in a vase.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Landing
- 3.1. When to plant
- 3.2. How to plant
- 4. Care
- 4.1. How to care
- 4.2. Watering and feeding
- 4.3. Breeding
- 4.4. Ixia in winter
- 5. Pests and Diseases
- 6. Types and varieties
Planting and care of Ixia (in brief)
- Bloom: within 3-4 weeks at the end of spring or early summer.
- Landing: planting bulbs in the ground in those areas where there is no sub-zero temperatures in winter - at the end of October or at the beginning of November, and in the middle lane it is better to do it at the end of April or at the beginning of May.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: nutritious, rich in humus, neutral.
- Watering: after planting and until the emergence of shoots, the area with Ixia is not watered, but as soon as sprouts appear, watering should become regular, and during the formation of buds and flowering, frequent and plentiful. In the evenings in hot weather, the flowers are sprayed with warm water: the plant needs high humidity.
- Top dressing: Once or twice a month from the beginning of summer until the end of flowering with mineral fertilizers for bulbous crops or organic solutions in low concentration.
- Reproduction: children and division corm.
- Pests: do not damage.
- Diseases: rot and mold.
Flower Ixia - description
Ixia is a bulbous-bulbous plant that reaches a height of 15 to 70 cm. Its stems are thin, the leaves are linear, narrow, long, two-rowed, xiphoid.Widely opened ixia flowers with a diameter of 2.5 to 5 cm, which are formed on the peduncle about a dozen, consist of six petals of white, red, pink or yellow color, and closer to the center the color becomes thicker and darker — dark red, black or brown respectively. Ixia blooms in late spring or early summer. At night and in cloudy weather, the flowers of the plant are closed. Ixia has a weak but pleasant aroma that attracts insects, including bees.
When to plant Ixia.
In regions with a warm climate, ixia is planted both in spring, at the end of April or at the beginning of May, and in autumn, in November. Since the bulbs of Ixia can die at a temperature of -1-2 ºC, in the middle lane and in regions with even more severe winters, the flower is planted only in spring.
To prevent Ixia from being attacked by pests and pathogens, it is advisable to plant it every year in a new place. The site should be protected from the wind and sunny, away from the trees. The soil is preferred nutrient, rich in humus, neutral. You can not plant the plant in places where water can stagnate.
How to plant Ixia.
The site for ixia should be well prepared for planting: digging with compost and level. If the soil is heavy, you should add to it for the permeability of sand. When preparing planting material, select dense and elastic bulbs, and it is better not to plant soft, dryish ones and those that show signs of mold.
Planting material is placed at a depth of 5-8 cm in the wells, at the bottom of which a layer of fertile soil is laid. Children and delenki are placed at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other, corms - with an interval of 10-12 cm. After planting, the area is not watered, but immediately mulched with a layer of organic material 2-3 cm thick.
This year only Ixia of the largest corms can bloom, the rest will begin to bloom in a year or two.
How to care for Ixia.
Planting ixia and caring for it are not difficult, but the agricultural technology of this culture has its own characteristics. The most important conditions for the successful cultivation of ixia are bright light, high temperature and high humidity, therefore cultivation of ixia in the bright sun is justified, and to create high humidity it is necessary to carry out evening sprays. If Ixia is planted in the penumbra, it will not show its decorative qualities in full measure: the flower stalks will be too long and thin, and the colors of the flowers will be dull.
Ixia care consists of regular watering, loosening the soil between plants, weeding, fertilizing, removing wilted flowers and, if necessary, protecting from diseases and pests.
Watering and fertilizing ixia.
After planting the corms, the area is not watered before the emergence of shoots, but it can happen in 2-3 weeks. From now on, watering of ixia should be regular, and during the budding and flowering period - frequent and plentiful. Water for soil moistening should be warm and separated, and it is desirable to add preparations stimulating lush and prolonged flowering into it.
Ixia is fed with fertilizers for bulbous crops, although it favorably accepts organic matter. Top dressing bring since the beginning of summer. As soon as the bloom of ixia is completed, and feeding, and watering the plants cease.
Ixia in the winter.
After the flowering is completed, the bulbs are not dug out immediately, but only at the end of July, because they will need time to accumulate nutrients. Then corms are removed from the ground, dried in the shade with good ventilation, pickled in a strong solution of potassium permanganate, dried again, put in boxes and stored before planting in a dry, cool room or in a vegetable box of the refrigerator. Landing in the ground, as we have already mentioned, is carried out in the south in late autumn, and in cold regions in spring. Ixia can be planted on the distillation, so that their wonderful flowers decorated your house when there are snowdrifts behind the windows.
In an area where there are no sub-zero temperatures in winter, you can not dig up corms of Ixia: yellowed and wilted leaves are cut, and the site is covered with a layer of dry earth, straw, sawdust, fallen leaves or fir spruce branches.
Pests and ixia diseases
Neither disease nor pests do not damage this resistant plant. Health problems with ixia can occur only because of the wet ground. As a result of chronic soil overmoistening, the plant bulbs may mold. Take this into account when preparing the site for planting: it is necessary to add sand to the drainage as baking powder for heavy soil or clay.
Ixia Spotted (Ixia maculata)
- a plant with a rounded corm with a diameter up to 3 cm, leafy stems up to 40 cm high, basal narrow lanceolate leaves and spike-shaped inflorescences of flowers wide in the daytime but closing at night with a diameter of 4 cm in various colors with a dark center.
Ixia Chinese (Ixia chinensis)
- This Far Eastern view is endangered. It has a short rhizome and shoots from 50 to 150 cm in height, in the lower part of which are xiphoid leaves ranging in width from 5 to 8 pieces up to 4 cm wide and up to 50 cm long. Flowers of wide reddish-brown or yellow with dark purple spots up to 7 cm in an amount from 12 to 20 pieces are collected in spreading branching panicles. The flower opening in the first half of the nice day starts to wither for about 17 hours. The decorative form of the species is popular in culture. flav with large monochromatic yellow flowers, variety fanwhose leaves overlap three-quarters of a length, and a variety purpurea with flowers in yellowish-red tones.
Ixia Hybrid (Ixia x hybrida)
- perennial 30–50 cm high with narrow leaves arranged in two rows, leafless peduncles and 6–12 pieces collected in a brush or spike with funnel-shaped flowers of different shades with a brown or dark red center. Ixia hybrid blooms in early spring for three weeks. In culture, the view from 1770. The most famous varieties are:
- – Blue bird - blue and white flowers,
- – Castor - variety with red flowers,
- – Jint - a plant with white and cream flowers,
- – Airlie seprize - Ixia with carmine-red with white flowers,
- – Hogarth - cream flowers,
- – Holland's glory and Market - varieties with yellow buds,
- – Mabel - Carmine red flowers,
- – Volcano - a variety with flowers of brick-red shade,
- – Rose Imperial - A plant with soft pink buds.
"Ixia Mix" is also commercially available - a mixture of plants of various colors.
This article has helped many gardeners to stop straining at their site and at the same time receive a generous harvest.
I never would have thought that in order to get the best harvest in my backyard during my entire dacha career, all I had to do was stop picking on the beds and trust in nature. How many can remember, every summer I spent in the country. First on the parent, and then my husband and I bought ours. From early spring to late autumn, all free time was spent on planting, weeding, garter, pruning, watering, harvesting and, finally, conservation and attempts to preserve the crop until next year. And so in a circle.
Varieties and varieties of ixia
The genus Ixia has a little more than 25 species, but only a few cultivars are used in horticulture:
- Ixia hymenocallis early. A snow-white decorative wonder with a tart aroma and “disheveled” arc-shaped petals of the flower itself. The height of a flower spike reaches 70 cm.
- Ixia green flowers. Small flat flowers with a blue-black throat and a greenish tinge, tightly pressed to the flower spike. Abundant flowering occurs at the beginning of June. Plant height about 50 cm.
- Ixia hybrid. Includes many varieties of cream, yellow, soft pink, all shades of blue, blue and soft purple. The height of the color spike varies from 35 to 55 cm, depending on the variety.
- Ixia is spotted. The most exotic variety, up to 50 cm high. White wide open flower with rounded petals and deep purple throat. The edge of each petal is slightly touched by a gently purple spot, flowing to the back of the flower.
- Ixia is orange. Dwarf variety, barely reaching 20 cm, has the most abundant flowering and tart flavor.
Ixia - the perfect decoration of the backyard or suburban area. In landscape design has been successfully used in the formation of alpine slides. But Ixia is a very capricious plant and not everything is as easy and simple as it may seem at first glance. There are a number of serious recommendations for planting and caring for this exotic plant.
Features planting ixia flower
Ixia is a plant that is afraid of cold and sudden changes in temperature. Planting bulbs in the ground carried out with the onset of even heat, closer to the second half of the spring period. Planting depth - 6 cm with a distance between corm about 3 cm.
For plants, it is preferable to use a soil rich in humus and a neutral level of acidity. Soil nutrition should be provided with a substrate of turf land and large fractions of sand with peat inclusions. Water disposal should be formed by high-quality drainage system.
Peculiarities of ixia flower irrigation
Ixia is a very moisture-loving plant. But there are some features of its watering. Abundant watering is provided only with the appearance of shoots and continues throughout the growing season.
Watering stops as soon as the flowering of the plant ends.
Features of growing ixia
The most necessary characteristics during the cultivation of Ixia are air humidity and temperature. Being a tropical plant, Ixia prefers high temperatures, sunny places, no drafts and high air humidity. The plot in the penumbra will entail the elongation and thinning of the peduncle, as well as the dullness of the color, as a result of which the decorative qualities of the flower are lost.
Features care for Ixia
Starting from the moment of bud formation and throughout the entire flowering period, watering of ixia is performed using a complex of drugs that improve flowering. Mineral fertilizers are commonly used, alternating them regularly with organic fertilizers.
Dried inflorescences, as necessary, removed. At the end of flowering stops watering. After the foliage has dried, the Ixia bulbs are dug out for winter storage. In warm regions, you can leave the bulbs to winter in the soil, after having warmed the top layer of the soil.
Features of reproduction of ixia
Ixia, like all onions, is bred by children. They are selected and planted separately from the adult bulbs. Their flowering begins in the third, less often in the second year after planting.
It is possible to propagate corm by its mechanical division. In an adult bulb, there are 3-4 buds of growth, called "eyes." With a sharp knife, the bulb is cut in such a way that each part has a bottom with rhizome germs and an "eye". Place the cut treated with coal powder, ash or brilliant green. When planted blooms in the same year.
A few words in conclusion. Such an exotic plant can be grown in your own country house with your own hands, if you are not afraid of the peculiarities of care for a capricious tropical plant. It will serve as a wonderful decoration on the alpine hill, especially in combination with other onion plants. A cut flower can stand in water for up to two weeks.
By the way, Ixia has a very big advantage over many plants - it is very resistant to pests and flower diseases.
The homeland of this exotic flower is South Africa, but it is more and more often seen in Russian gardens. Ixia is distinguished by thin erect stems and reaches a height of 50 cm. Very beautiful flowers in the form of a bell are collected in a spike inflorescence and may be red, white, yellow and pink. The plant begins to bloom abundantly at the end of July or the beginning of August, but this does not last long - about four weeks, then the leaves begin to dry.
At night or in cloudy weather, the flowers are closed. The juice of this plant is highly sticky, which used to be used for catching birds, and quite a strong aroma can attract bees and butterflies.
Abundant flowering of ixia depends on proper care, which is as follows:
- plenty of sunshine
- frequent watering
- regular removal of dried petals
- fertilizer rich soil
- optimum air temperature - 18–20 degrees,
- loosening and drainage of the soil.
Preparing a landing site
Since Ixia is a southern plant, she likes good lighting and sufficient moisture. Given these moments, it is necessary to choose the right place for her in the garden for planting. Despite the fact that she loves moisture, the site should be chosen with good drainage so that there is no stagnation of water.
Place for planting ixia in the garden should be prepared in advance. To do this, carefully dig up the soil, fertilize with rotted manure or humus, if necessary sprinkle sand for looseness. You can also add:
- wood ash - 300 g,
- superphosphate - 70 g,
- magnesium - 20 g.
Too heavy soil - not for ixia. Its flowering directly depends on the growing conditions, which is why river sand is added to a very heavy soil (1 bucket per 1 m2 of land).
Cultivation and care of Ixia
Although this plant is considered to be resistant and less susceptible to various pests, it is best to err. Many gardeners plant a flower every year in a new place. Proper planting in fertile soil in a sunny place will ensure not only full growth, but also abundant flowering. In the future, care for an exotic plant does not take much effort.
Plant care involves proper watering. As already mentioned, the plant is not watered for several weeks after planting. This is done as soon as the first shoots, gradually increasing the intensity of watering. During the period of budding and during flowering, the flower should be watered as much as possible using special complex preparations that make flowering more abundant.
When growing Ixia, you should know that it prefers moist air, therefore in hot and dry weather it is recommended to spray it from the sprayer.
Feed ixia should be mineral fertilizers, alternating with organic. Specialized stores have a large selection of top dressing, made specifically for such an exotic flower.
Besides, care of such a plant provides for the timely removal of the flowering inflorescencesso that the opportunity to form a new one has appeared. After a flowering period, watering is reduced to a minimum, and in some cases completely stopped.
When growing ixia in the garden, this flower may begin to wither leaves, which occurs due to insufficient moisture. Be sure to ensure that the soil was hydrated every day. But do not forget that the excess moisture contributes to the appearance of mold on the bulbs. To prevent this, drainage is created before planting, and the bulbs are treated with a fungicide.
Ixia in the garden: photos of plants
Cultivation and care in greenhouses
You can grow Ixia and in closed ground. But in this case, caring for the plant will be more time consuming. To ensure abundant flowering, it is necessary create artificial lighting and keep the room at a lower temperature. At first it should not exceed +5 degrees, then - no more than +13 degrees. It becomes clear that the cultivation and care of the plant in this case is carried out in a cold greenhouse or conservatory, but not in room conditions.
Planting bulbs for distillation takes place in December-January, and in May you can enjoy plenty of flowering. Care for Ixia occurs in the same way as when planted in open ground.
Today Ixia is on the podium - decorative
hailing from south africa. Have you noticed that the most exotic plants originate from the tropics? Tropical fever is gaining momentum, and this is not surprising. Fragrant tropical flowers save us from routine routine, allow us to dream and think about the beauty of nature ... But they do not leave without work, because they require tireless attention and care that pays off in a hundredfold when we see it in our, sometimes - more than modest cottage
worthy of royal gardens.
Gentle ixia Ornamental garden ixia is full of brittle charm and perfectly survives in the open field of the southern and middle regions of Russia. A short (from 30 to 70 cm) tropica belongs to the bulbous bulbous family of irises. And on its leafless peduncle there are spikelike inflorescences with flowers in the form of symmetrical stars, shining with all the colors of the rainbow (depending on the variety).
Inflorescences are framed by two rows of succulent xiphoid leaves, growing directly from kornelukovitsy. Ixia blooms in late spring or early summer. It blooms for a short time (3-4 weeks), but is abundant. During the flowering period, it “explodes” with bright fireworks of star flowers and smells sweet with an exquisite aroma. For the night the flowers are closed - they fall asleep, so that in the morning, after washing with the first dew, again to please us with their charming tenderness.
Multicolored ixia. Photos from the site liveinternet.ru As a true tropikanka, iksiya light-requiring, water-loving and quite capricious. With a lack of sunlight, it can wither away, so take responsibility for the choice of its place of residence. The ideal solution for planting ixia will be open sunny glades located far from garden trees.
In landscape design, Ixia is planted in a single group.It looks great in rock gardens, flowerpots and rocky rockeries. In flowerbeds, a star tropican is placed at the edges, where it forms a beautiful border, emphasizing the whole flower arrangement favorably.
Varieties of ixia
Quite often, gardeners plant a mixture of different varieties of ixia to create rainbow compositions. And some like certain varieties of any one color. Beautiful South African causes a stormy flight of fancy, and no matter how you land it, it will look beautiful everywhere. In general, in nature there are more than 20 types of Ixia and many hybrids and varieties, but the following are the most beloved by our gardeners.
- Ixia Gimenokallis early, or Hymenocallis pleasant (Hymenocallis festalis)
Hymenocallis festalis. Photo site fialka.tomsk.ru Ixia Hymenocallis festalis incredibly decorative, as you can see for yourself in the photo. Its snow-white flowers with arcuate petals are located on spike-shaped inflorescences up to 70 cm in height. This type of ixia has a tart fragrant aroma that attracts a huge number of butterflies. When such a miracle blooms in the garden, it becomes like a fairy tale.
- Ixia green flowers (Ixia viridiflora)
Ixia viridiflora. Photo from plantasonya.com.br Ixia the green-flowered has small flowers-asterisks of a flat form of a delicate greenish shade. Against the background of a dark, almost black throat, the petals of its flowers look defenseless and touching. It blooms in early June with lush, spike-shaped inflorescences up to 50 cm high.
- Ixia hybrid (Ixia hybrida)
Ixia hybrida. Photos from the site fialka.tomsk.ru The type of ixia hybrid differs in a multitude of elegant varieties with inflorescences of cream, yellow, pink-white, light violet and blue-white. Its growth varies in the range of 35-50 cm, depending on the variety.
- Ixia Spotted (Ixia maculata)
Ixia maculata. Photo from zagorod.by Ixia is spotted, up to 50 cm high, has wide-open flowers with rounded petals. Against the background of dark, edged with a bright bay of the pharynx, the "spotted" petals of Ixia look very exotic. Its narrow lanceolate succulent leaves grow abundantly, gracefully framing the peduncle.
Ixia is orange. Photo from zagorod.by Ixia Orange is a dwarf plant and can never be higher than 20 cm. It blooms very abundantly, beautifully strewed with bright orange flowers with a dark red center a short peduncle.
These are the wonderful star plants that can be grown at your summer cottage. By the way, the word Ixia (ixios - bird's glue) is of Greek origin, due to the stickiness of the plant sap. In the natural conditions of tropical Africa, the sticky juice of ixia gives a lot of inconvenience to hummingbirds, who love these flowers for their tart flavor.