Uzumbar violet love to grow many flower growers. This charming, fragile plant adorns the house in summer and winter. Violet health is largely dependent on proper care. Gentle flower often suffers from pests, prone to diseases of viral, bacterial, fungal origin. Descriptions of diseases and pests of violets with informative photos will help in time to help. With a properly organized care violet will delight flowering all year.
Powdery mildew prevention and treatment methods
False and powdery mildew become a frequent cause of the death of room violets. Both diseases are fungal in nature. In the case of powdery mildew, the causative agent of the powdery mildew fungus (Erysiphales). Powdery mildew is caused by the Peronosporaceae fungus, a family of peronosporas.
You can understand that violet is powdery with powdery mildew at the initial stage of the disease. Should be alerted by a light bloom of white color on the leaves and petioles. It seems that the plant is lightly sprinkled with flour. The progression of the disease is accompanied by damage to all parts of the plant ulcers. Leaf surface becomes uneven.
At the final stage, there is general depression of the violet: it ceases to grow, weakens, and dies. There are many causes of powdery mildew infection. Most often, the fungus multiplies on weakened due to poor care of flower plants. Powdery mildew provokes an excess of nitrogen in the soil. Possible ways of infection:
- from another diseased plant,
- fungus contaminated soil
- dirty, contaminated tool used during transplantation, reproduction.
At the first signs of the disease, start treating the sick violet. First examine the flower, pinch off all the leaves with damage. The soil and leaves are treated with a fungicide. Fundosol and Topaz are suitable for processing violets. These fungicides do not damage tender leaves, the spraying solution should be slightly warm. Violet put in a warm dark place. Keep it in the dark until completely dry. This measure will prevent sunburn on the leaves.
Treatment and preventive measures apply the same as with powdery mildew. The symptoms of the disease are different:
- the first stage is a silver or white bloom on the lower part of the sheet plate,
- the second stage - the spots on the upper surface of the leaves, the color of the spots is light green, brown, reddish,
- third stage - in the absence of treatment the flower dies.
Important to remember! Increased humidity accelerates the course of the disease and contributes to the spread of downy mildew.
You can lose your favorite violet because of the fungus Phragmidium, which causes rust - a dangerous disease of indoor plants. This disease is recognized and treated in its early stages. The probability of infection of violets with rust is higher during the winter-spring transition period. The lack of sunlight, reduced immunity for this reason, the presence of fungus in the apartment are the main causes of rust.
Signs of rust are clearly visible in the photo. Yellowish specks appear on the outer surface. Turning a leaf, you can see yellow pustules - colonies of the fungus. When pustules rupture, fungal spores are spread throughout the room, infect other plants. Finding signs of rust on your violet, you need to start emergency treatment of the flower:
- remove and destroy the fungal leaves,
- isolate the flower from other indoor plants,
- process leaves fungicide.
From rust help: "Fitosporin-M", "Baktofit", "Topaz". With a running form, treatment may not help. In this case, the plant is destroyed, the flower pot is disposed of.
Alarm - Violet does not bloom. It can be assumed in the violet root rot, if, with a wet substrate, the lower leaves of the flower, which have lost their elasticity, are sluggish, and the petioles are soft to the touch. The cause of the root rot of the violet is fungi (phytopthora, pythium), and the incorrect maintenance of the flower provokes their active reproduction, to be more precise:
- no drainage hole in the pot, excessive watering,
- low quality ground (taken from the garden),
- cooling the soil in the pot,
- plentiful watering on dry soil.
According to statistics, 75% of all diseases of violets are root rot. To avoid this unpleasant disease, it is a rule to take advice from experienced flower growers to water in small portions in case of a violet transplant and after a forced drought. Water every few days until the plant adapts after the stress.
If you suspect root rot in violets, do not hesitate, proceed to the resuscitation of your favorite flower. First of all, take it out of the pot, inspect the roots. The absence of white roots confirms the diagnosis. The next step is to remove the lower leaves, cut off the root part. If the cut of the stem has brown spots, cut the stem higher. The stem that is not damaged by rotten has a violet hue. If the entire stem is damaged by rot, the plant is destroyed.
Reached the healthy part of the stalk - peel off the lower 1-1.5 cm leaves, spray with a fungicide, leave to lie down for 30 minutes and place in the substrate (vermiculite, water, soil) to form new roots. It is better to use moist vermiculite, put a transparent bag on top of the flower. Container with a flower to carry in a cool room, use a fluorescent lamp to illuminate. After the emergence of new roots to plant a violet in a new pot filled with soil.
In the midst of the summer heat, many flower growers start to die violets from bacteriosis. To save flowers is almost impossible. Signs of bacteriosis violets:
- the appearance of brown spots on the stems, petioles, leaves,
- the leaves, starting from the bottom, change color, become dark,
- leaf tissue softens, the flower dies.
Sick flowers die quickly (from 2 to 30 days), the disease can spread to other plants. More often bacteriosis causes violets in careless flower growers, who either over dry or poor plants. The most critical bacteriosis month is July. In the heat of violets need to shade from the sun, leaving to rest, to organize a wick irrigation. In the spring of violets to transplant in pots with a new soil mixture. At the beginning of the summer to carry out the processing of violets Epin.
Violets of violets
Inspect the leaves, buds, stalks in violets need to be regularly. Especially in spring and summer, when the windows are open for airing. Remember about the pests of insects when buying a new pot plant in a flower shop and decorating a house with cut flowers. It does not matter if they are cut in their garden or in an industrial greenhouse. With flowers, with soil for transplanting by air, there is the likelihood of pests on your blooming violets. The most common pests of aphids:
- Pincers (flatfish, cyclamen, spider web).
- Shchitovka (false shield).
Pests parasitizing on violet, a lot. Photos of insects and violets damaged by them will help identify the parasite in time and choose the right way to fight.
Pincers feed on violet juice. The size of the ticks is so small that it is difficult to see them with the naked eye.
The most common species of tick, settling on the petioles and leaves of room violet - spider mite. They saw the thinnest of white color on the petioles, buds, leaves - it was a spider mite wound up on a violet. The poor plant from loss of juice loses decorative effect. On the bushes appear deformed leaves of brown color. They dry and fall off.
Folk recipes from ticks on violets
Saw the first signs of a tick on a violet, do not pull, use for the beginning a simple folk method. You can take vodka or alcohol. Use cotton wool moistened with alcohol to wipe the stalks and violet leaves.
After a few days, sprinkle the violet with an infusion of onion peel. In a 3-liter jar pour 80 g of onion peel, pour boiling water. After a couple of days, the infusion can be drained and used for spraying. Treat for the prevention of all flower plants standing in the room.
Chemistry from ticks
Folk recipes are effective at the initial stage. When the insect concentration is threshold, the flower is threatened with death, the only way out is chemistry. Use acaricides - special drugs to combat ticks:
- Apollo - Enteric-contact drug. Apollo destroys mite eggs, kills the larvae, and inhibits the sexual activity of adults.
- Neoron - A new tool acting on adult ticks from the inside. Duration of exposure is 10-40 days.
- Fitoderm– effective insektoakaritsid intestinal-contact action. Valid up to 20 days from the date of processing.
Processing tick violets: video
Viola is a cross-pollinated plant, and spatial isolation of varieties is required in order to obtain pure-grade seeds. However, the use in planting a mixture of varieties also has a special charm, and an amateur grower can successfully grow plants from their seeds.Viola can be propagated in several ways: vegetative, layering and seedViola varieties, pansies for planting
Soil preparation and maintenanceCoccomycosis
Removal of fallen berries from under a blueberry bush is of great importance, both in warning and in the fight against this fungus. For small plantations blueberry can drop the fat and burn. In large plantations, you can use interrow disking. Instead of cultivating, a new layer of mulch up to 5 cm thick will also help. The use of urea in the spring will also help to neutralize the infected berries, thereby reducing the risk of recurring disease.
Ornamental plants for the garden. We read
Group Rhizome herbaceous floweringCornuta (horned violet),Do not drastically change the conditions of detention, for example, do not transfer a flower from a room with moist air to a room with dry and warm air. Because of this, it is likely that the buds and flowers may begin to fall off.
Collect them in the period of maturity
. In order to preserve the most beautiful specimens, the viola is propagated by vegetative means.
Diseases and pests viola, pansies
- small (with a diameter of 0.5-2 mm) reddish-brown or brown spots on the leaves. First, they are located separately, then merge. On the underside of the leaves, respectively, a white or slightly pinkish bloom is formed - sporulation of the fungus. With a strong lesion, blueberry bushes at the end of July can lose up to 80% of the leaves.Gray rot, or botrytis (Botrytis)If we are roses, then everything is by the rules .. Read
Methods of reproduction Seed and vegetative (by dividing the bush, layering, grafting)
Do not water the violet with a solution with a high concentration of fertilizers. Buds and flowers begin to fall off.
Unfortunately, this disease occurs quite often in violets. Its cause is a fungal infection. As a consequence, the appearance of white bloom on almost all parts of the plant. In addition, the affected part may also become uneven, as well as become covered with shallow ulcers. In the end, the plant ceases to grow and gradually dies. In most cases, a similar disease is observed in the spring, because it is at this time of the year that the humidity is high and the temperature is lowered.
When the fruit-boxes are turned upwards. Boxes of seeds are put in boxes and put for drying under a canopy or in a room.In JulyFor growing viola
Fertilizing and feeding
Fruits (usually late-ripening varieties) form hollow brown spots with a whitish bloom. Such fruits are underdeveloped, light red in color, tasteless. They often dry out. Wet weather and weakened blueberry bushes contribute to the development of the disease. Mushroom overwinters on fallen leaves. In the spring it forms microspores - fruit bodies with a mass of spores. The wind picks them up and carries them around the garden.
Gray rot affects mainly ripe fruits, although under more favorable conditions, fungi can also cause damage to the wood. On rotted berries there is a characteristic gray down. This is the mycelium of the fungus Botrytis. The gray mold fungus is preserved in the winter on weak, diseased, dead branches, as well as in the soil. Gray rot causes severe damage during cool, wet periods of several days. Gray rot is most susceptible to plants that are overnourished with nitrogen, and where there is poor air circulation due to thick plantings.
Is it troublesome with clematis. We read
Landing time April - May or July - August
Odorata (violet fragrant), Viola tricolor (tricolor violet).
Keep the window sill clean; rinse the violet leaves from time to time with warm water.
Preparation of aphid treatment solution
- Recipe 1: dilute about 40 kilograms of liquid soap in a liter of water. The resulting composition to spray the pansies with the defeat of aphids and mites.
- Recipe 2: In a 10-liter bucket of water, dilute two tablespoons of ammonia and a handful of laundry detergent. Treatment with this tool is carried out twice after 14 days.
Pansies of all varieties very sensitive to fungal infection. Symptoms of the disease are yellowing and wilting of the leaves, rotting of the roots and the stem, followed by the death of the plant. In addition, the soil remains contaminated, resulting in the spread of the fungus. To prevent fungal diseases, pansies should be replanted annually to a new location, and infected plants should be pulled out and burned.
Aphids on strawberries how to fight?
How to get rid of aphids on strawberries?
Aphids on strawberries what to do?
Aphids on strawberries methods of struggle?
On strawberry aphid than to handle?
They do not like plants that received fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus. For the prevention of the appearance of aphids, it is necessary to feed these micronutrients in advance.
Appearing aphids can be shot down with water from a hose, use organic solutions based on juices of garlic, onions or dandelions. But even after processing with natural organic poisons, the berry should not be eaten immediately.
The appearance of aphids on strawberries leads to a decrease in yield, and can also lead to the death of the plant. It is not advisable to use chemistry on strawberries, since you yourself will later eat this chemistry.
Therefore, it is desirable to use folk remedies to combat aphids on strawberries.
Let's take a closer look at these ways of dealing with aphids on strawberries:
The first way. Soap solution. Take one liter of oxen and dissolve half a glass of liquid soap in it. Shake until foaming and process strawberry bushes.
The second way. Take two hundred milliliters of garlic juice, the same amount of onion juice, and another one hundred fifty milliliters of dandelion juice. All this must be stirred in ten liters of water. Then you can handle bushes strawberries.
These are two simple ways to deal with aphids, where problems with finding components you do not have much difficulty, and processing will not lead to poisonous berries.
How to remove aphids from indoor plants?
Every person who enjoys the cultivation of indoor flowers, trying to green pets grew well and developed, while maintaining an attractive appearance. But it happens that insect pests start on plants, which not only spoil their appearance, but also cause diseases and even death. One of these unpleasant insects is aphid. How to get rid of aphids, if she started up on indoor flowers? It is advisable to do it quickly and safely.
Aphid - a small insect with an elongated body, a wide pointed abdomen and long legs. Most often houseplants suffer from white aphids, but there are many other species, winged and wingless. Their color may be different:
Despite the external differences, different types of aphids on indoor flowers bring almost the same harm. Through a puncture in a leaf or stem, they suck the sap from the plant, depriving it of its vital forces.
Aphids adapt well to any habitat and reproduce incredibly quickly, forming colonies. One female can produce up to 100 larvae, each of which grows into an adult insect in 2 weeks. The function of the wingless aphids is the reproduction of offspring, the winged aphids are the seizure of new habitats. Usually they occupy the underside of leaves, as well as young shoots and buds.
Where does aphid come from?
How can aphids appear on houseplants? Opportunities for this are many.
- A winged female aphid can fly into a room through a window or balcony.
- A pest can be brought from the street by a person on things or clothes or a pet on his fur.
- A newly acquired flower (not only a pot, but also cut off) may be infected with aphids.
- Aphids can be in the ground for transplanting.
- Pots brought to the garden with potted flowers in the summer can go back already infected.
- Some species of ants feed on paddy (excess juice sucked out by aphids) and transfer pests to different plants.
Чтобы предотвратить возможность заражения, каждому вновь купленному цветку лучше устроить «карантин», держа его подальше от других домашних растений. Также желательно помыть «новичка» под теплой проточной водой. Почву, предназначенную для пересадки, рекомендуется подержать в морозильной камере – холод уничтожит в зараженной земле и насекомых, и личинки.
Как обнаружить тлю?
In order to find a pest in time and start fighting it, you need to carefully inspect your indoor flowers. If one succeeds in noticing the first aphid, it is enough to crush the female and destroy the laid eggs. Sometimes it is necessary to prune damaged sprouts. But if time is already lost and the colony has grown, it will be necessary to resort to more substantial measures.
Signs by which you can determine the appearance of aphids:
- The flower loses its appeal, looks unhealthy,
- There are traces of aphids on the plant — tiny punctures,
- The leaves and shoots become sticky from the graveyard, turn black, coagulate and dry,
- Opened buds shrink and deform, quickly fade and fall,
- Ants appear around the flower, attracted by their favorite delicacy.
Aphids can cause serious damage to plants, it is the carrier of various fungal and viral diseases. An example would be a sooty fungus that remains at the places where the honeydew is selected.
The following plants are at high risk:
The VredStop magazine recommends that when a first sign of infection is detected, the diseased flower is immediately isolated, and then the destruction of the aphid begins.
Aphids on indoor flowers - how to get rid of?
How to remove aphid if a pest colony has already been found? Can I remove it? The fight against this pest is rather laborious, but not very difficult.
There are many funds that can be divided into 3 categories:
There is also a method that can be called radical, just to get rid of a plant that cannot be saved.
As a rule, the mechanical method is used first, then folk remedies are applied. If they do not give results, resort to chemicals that are the most effective means of aphids at home. They are able to destroy the pest at any stage of development. If you supplement the spraying with spillage of soil, it will be even more effective, especially with the invasion of white aphid.
A mechanical method of getting rid of aphids can only help at the very beginning of its detection. It consists in daily washing the plants under running water and removing the infected parts. The laundry soap can enhance the effect, as the aphid dislikes it very much.
The procedure will be as follows.
This procedure can be done until the aphids completely disappear, but very carefully, avoiding contact with the soap solution in the soil.
Since aphids often lay larvae in hard-to-reach places, carefully check each bud and leaflet, tearing off the damaged ones.
Another mechanical cleaning method is treatment with medical alcohol. It does not burn the surface of the leaves, as it evaporates almost instantly.
If aphid appeared on flowers, how to deal with it with the help of folk remedies? They do not guarantee 100% efficiency, but in the initial stages are very effective. The second absolute advantage is their environmental friendliness.
There are many proven tools to help remove aphids from plants.
1 part of tobacco is poured with 2 parts of water and infused for 2 days. Then the filtered mixture is diluted with water by another half and the plants are sprayed with this solution. Do not allow the solution to enter the soil so that it does not damage the roots. Therefore, the ground during the spraying is better to cover.
30 g of garlic, along with the husk, is ground in a meat grinder or blender, 1 liter of water is poured, and infused in the dark during the day. In the resulting solution is added a little soap shavings. The procedure is repeated 2-3 times with an interval of 5 days.
Pour 100 g of orange or lemon peels with water and leave for about 3 days in a warm place. Spray the plants with the prepared solution.
50 g of pepper must be crushed, pour 1/2 cup of water and boil on low heat for 1 hour. Then insist 24 hours, filter and pour 10 g per bucket of water.
0.5 liters of ash and 50 g of soap are mixed in 10 liters of water. Then the solution is filtered and the treatment of damaged plants.
For 10 g of powder you will need 1 liter of water. The solution is stirred, then infused for 2 days. After straining, you can spray the plants. In very advanced cases, it is permissible to use concentrated product, in the rest it is better to slightly dilute it with water.
400-500 g of spruce or pine needles are soaked in 2 liters of water and infused for 7 days. Then filtered, diluted with water 1: 7 and do the processing several times, after 3-4 days.
Take 150 g of dry or 350 g of fresh grass, crushed and poured 1 liter of water. After the solution is infused in a dark place for a day, they can spray the plants 3 times.
500 g of tops chop, pour 1 l of water and boil for 30 minutes. Then cool in a dark place. When processing can be added to the tool 3-4 g of liquid soap.
Aphids are very sensitive to the smells of marigolds and geraniums. This pest "weakness" can be used by placing pots with these flowers next to diseased plants. Also aphid scare away the aromas of parsley, dill and mint.
If folk remedies did not give the desired result, you should proceed to the chemical preparations.
Among the insecticides used in the fight against aphids are quite aggressive and more benign. For example, the mineral oil “Preparation 30 Plus” is absolutely harmless to plants. The choice of insecticide will depend on the degree of damage and the size of the colony.
When dealing with aphids on indoor flowers, the following drugs are considered the most effective:
The last three products have a very unpleasant smell, so the treatment should be carried out in a well-ventilated area. It is recommended to spray plants at a temperature of 21-25 ° C. If the room is cooler, the effectiveness of drugs decreases.
When using insecticides, you need to remember about safety:
- Remove from the room children and animals,
- Strictly follow the instructions on the packaging,
- Use personal protective equipment,
- Spray not only sick, but also healthy plants.
Before processing, it is recommended to wipe the leaves and stems with a damp sponge or wash with soapy water.
Usually, it is impossible to get rid of aphids in one treatment, since adult insects are predominantly killed, and the larvae can survive. As a rule, 2-3 procedures are required with an interval of 7 days. If this does not give results, you should change the drug, as the aphid quickly gets used to one type of insecticide.
As a preventive measure, it is useful to regularly inspect your green pets, paying special attention to sick and weak plants. Also, one should not neglect a number of other preventive measures:
- Observe the optimum temperature, as the aphids start up faster in the dullness,
- “Bathe” and spray flowers regularly,
- Watch for ants in the house,
- Be sure to quarantine new plants,
- For preventive purposes, periodically spray the flowers with one of the above infusions.
These measures will help if you do not avoid the appearance of aphids, then significantly reduce the risk of its occurrence.
Do parasites live in your body?
Signals of the appearance of parasites in your body can be:
- Weakened immunity
- Frequent fatigue
- Lack of interest in life - depression,
- Headaches, as well as various pains and cramps in the internal organs
If you feel frequent ailments, you just need to carry out anti-parasitic cleansing of the body. How to do it read here
How to deal with diseases and pests viola
Viola (pansies) - one of the most common plants in flower beds and rabatkah, beloved by many gardeners. It belongs to the violet family. Also used for decor loggias, balconies, arbors.
However, in order to enjoy the lush flowering, it is necessary to provide the plant with proper care, as well as be able to withstand the diseases and pests of the viola.
How to deal with aphids on indoor plants?
To bring aphids out you need to know the right control measures and, of course, apply them in practice. We have drawn up an action plan that aims to get rid of aphids on home plants.
TIPS. Species that can not be washed leaves should be sprayed, and better drugs.
In case of early detection of an aphid colony, in order to get rid of it, it is often enough to collect the aphids by hand and wash the plant with warm water (soap solution).
With a more serious spread of aphids, it is necessary to cut off the affected shoots or flowers and thoroughly wash the home flower with a soap solution.Aphid eggs, larvae and adults
Effective remedy for aphids on home flowers
Among the means of aphids emit chemicals and folk remedies, they are perceived florist differently. Most believe that a more effective means in the fight against aphids is a chemical drug.
The use of systemic insecticides (especially for flowering species) is considered more effective, as they will destroy aphids at all stages of development. Spraying home flowers can be supplemented by spillage.
By the way, folk remedies have a large number of fans among flower lovers and, according to their reviews, aphids are much more effective than other pests (scab, mealybug, thrips or spider mite).
"Fitoverm" from aphids
The drug "Fitoverm" well displays aphid on house plants, and many growers recommend using it in the first place. “Fitoderm” is an insecticoacaricide of biological origin with minimal danger to humans and domestic animals.
To destroy the pest, dissolve 2 ml of the drug in 200 ml of water and spray the indoor flower. Treatments spend every 5-8 days depending on the size and age of domestic plants, as well as air temperature.
In most situations, 3-4 sprays of a flower are enough to completely get rid of the aphids. Some growers process "Fitoverm" from aphids every 5 days three times and completely kill the pest.
A week after the last or the next spraying of "Fitoverm", the home flower can be treated with Epin to support the plant.
"Aktara" from aphids
If it is not possible to buy “Fitoverm” or the effectiveness of the drug has decreased, then take “Aktar” to get rid of aphids on home flowers. Aktara is a very powerful systemic insecticide that can easily get rid of aphids in most cases.
A room flower is sprayed with the Aktara solution with 1 gram per 1.25 liters of water (enough for 25-30 plants) and the soil mixture is shed - 1 gram per 10 liters of water.
Processing must be carried out 2-4 times, every 10-12 days, depending on the air temperature. In most cases, after 2-3 procedures, it turns out, to get rid of aphids at home.
After spraying the plant "Aktar" do not need to be washed off. The waiting period when spraying is 1-24 hours, and when watering - 2-4 days.
"Aktara" - a favorite means of many gardeners against gnawing and sucking pests. Due to the simultaneous spraying and irrigation, the active ingredient of the drug (thiamethoxam) reliably kills aphids on houseplants.
The drug with a strong defeat of aphids: "Aktellik"
Dilute the vial of Actellica (2 ml) in a liter of water and spray while the aphids appear. No more than 2-3 consecutive treatments. The waiting time is 3 days.
IMPORTANT! "Actellic" can only be used outdoors. It is impossible to work with them to pregnant women, people suffering from asthma and allergic diseases.
The drug "Aktellik" - is a powerful and toxic tool that helps get rid of aphids on domestic plants, but also many other pests and beneficial insects.
How to get rid of aphids with the help of folk remedies?
Folk remedies for aphids occupy an important place in the arsenal of many flower growers and gardeners. Unlike other pests, it is easier for aphids to be brought out of indoor flowers with home remedies.
However, it should not be forgotten that the popular methods against aphids are best used in the early detection of a pest and a small number of colonies.
We represent the most popular home and folk remedies for aphids on indoor flowers, and to use them or not is your right.
Among the folk remedies for aphids, a soap solution is particularly revered by many growers. Affected home flowers and for prophylaxis are recommended to be periodically washed with soapy water.
To prepare the solution, you can take the economic, tar or green potash soap, and, in extreme cases, any suitable, as well as dishwashing detergent.
Green potash soap is an effective and safe remedy for people. It can be used not only in the garden, but also at home. To do this, dilute 20 grams of green soap in liquid form in 1 liter of water.
If there are a lot of plants in the apartment and they are with small leaves, you can spray them with soapy water to save time. The effect of the treatment will be lower, but not everyone will have the patience or time to wipe.
RECIPE. A tablespoon of soap chips pour a glass of warm water. To enhance the effect, you can add a teaspoon of ammonia (technical, medical, in extreme cases, vodka) and 300 grams of water.
Soap-alcohol solution should be washed off in 10-15 minutes with warm water, so as not to burn the house flower.
IMPORTANT! Some experts insist that the use of soap solution on room flowers is not acceptable. In their opinion, the soap blocks the stomata of the plant, which leads to disruption of photosynthesis and plant development.
Alcohol can not handle plants with delicate leaves.
2. Wood ash from aphids: solution or infusion
Wood ash from aphids is often and successfully used by many growers. Infusion or solution of ash from aphids can be a savior of indoor flowers.
In five liters of water, add one glass of chopped wood ash and leave for 3-4 hours. Then add 50 grams of soap and start spraying the plants with infusion of ash from aphids.
2nd recipe. Pour boiling water on 250 g of ash, strain after cooling and spray the plant.
3. Garlic against aphids: solution or infusion
Infusion of garlic is often used in the fight against pests, so aphid is no exception.
Fill a glass of water with five crushed teeth (a teaspoon of gruel) of garlic. Insist the mixture in a tightly sealed container for 1-2 days, and then wash the plant every 7-8 days. To spray - strain the infusion through three layers of gauze.
Recipe number 2. A teaspoon of gruel of garlic (4-5 teeth of crush) fall asleep in 500 ml of boiling water and infuse for 4-5 hours. Infusion filter and wipe the affected flower.
A medium bulb is finely chopped, pounded and poured with a glass of water for 2-3 hours. Then everything, as with garlic.
ONION GROUND. For the preparation of infusion from aphids 20 grams of husk is poured with a liter of warm water and insist 13-16 hours. The resulting infusion is sprayed with indoor flowers, usually 2-3 procedures are enough to bring out the aphids at home.
To destroy the aphids, apply the infusion of red hot pepper: 20-30 grams of chopped (chopped) pepper boil in 200 ml of water for 60 minutes. Then infuse the resulting liquid for 24 hours and strain. For spraying 10 ml of infusion of pepper from aphids dilute in a liter of water.
Handle indoor flowers from aphids infusion of pepper can be biweekly. Pepper tincture can be stored for a long time in finished form, which allows it to be applied very quickly after the detection of aphids.
6. Infusion of tobacco from aphids and tobacco smoke
Another popular folk remedy for various pests. The infusion of tobacco from aphids is prepared as follows: 40 grams of dry tobacco (shag) insist day in a liter of water.
You can also make a decoction of tobacco leaves from aphids: 40 grams of dry tobacco (tobacco) fall asleep in a liter of water and boil for two hours, then filter and bring the volume of solution to one liter.
SMOKE FROM TOBACCO. Some growers are advised to try to destroy aphids at home with the help of cigarette smoke. Put a room flower in a tight bag and smoke cigarettes inward, then tie the bag and leave it overnight. По их отзывам бывает достаточно 1-2 процедур, чтобы избавиться от тли на домашнем растении.
От себя добавим, что данный метод на практике не применяли и тяжело оценить его эффективность и безопасность для растения.
Цветущие бархатцы нужно срезать и засушить. 40? Гр высушенных бархатцев настаивают двое суток в литре воде, процеживают. Полученным настоем опрыскивают комнатные цветы.
Известное средство борьбы с тлей с помощью горчицы. 10 grams of chopped mustard seeds insist for two days in a glass or enamel container. Then filter and prepare a solution for spraying plants: 100 ml of mustard infusion diluted in 400 ml of water.
Take 300-400 grams of fresh celandine during flowering (or 100 grams dry) and leave for 24-36 hours in a liter of water. The resulting infusion of celandine can be washed and sprayed houseplants from aphids.
To prepare a solution of soda from the aphid take a teaspoon of baking soda and diluted in 500 ml of water. For open ground: 75 grams of soda per 10 liters of water.
2nd recipe. In a liter of water, dissolve a tablespoon of soda ash.
A vinegar solution for aphids is quite popular among gardeners. Prepare it according to this recipe: a teaspoon of vinegar or 1 tbsp is added to 300 ml of water. spoon per liter.
This powerful folk remedy for aphids is only suitable for processing plants in the open air or in the garden.
In 200 ml of hot water dissolve a tablespoon of soap chips. Then add two tablespoons of kerosene and stir in 2 liters of water. Rinse the infected plants, and after 10-15 minutes, rinse the solution with water. After 6-8 days, the treatment must be repeated.
Aphid prevention in room colors
The basis for aphid prevention is proper care of the plant and regular close inspection of the home collection.
Aphids often affect indoor plants with improper care: an excess or lack of watering. Also a high nitrogen content leads to intensive development of aphids.
Aphids at home can harm year-round. Aphids often appear in warm rooms with dry air. The higher the temperature, the faster the aphids reproduce, the maximum activity of the pest is observed in spring and summer.
- To protect plants from aphids, you can use special balls and sticks, they are particularly well suited for flowers in large pots, hanging baskets or garden containers.
You can also wipe home flowers from aphids folk remedies (tincture of garlic, pepper or onion) every 2-3 weeks.
See the section “Where does aphid come from in the house” in an additional article to better understand what needs to be done to prevent aphids at home.
We hope that now you will be easier to deal with aphids at home with the help of the proposed drugs and folk remedies.
We wish to destroy the pest in all indoor colors forever!