Mallow is a very effective and unpretentious care flower for planting in the open field, which has been popular with gardeners for a long time. Some time ago it became less popular than other flowers. But now many flower growers again prefer to plant it to decorate their plot. There are enough perennial varieties of it, it can be of different colors. All this when choosing for yourself garden flowers can be viewed on the photo.
Perennial mallow, depending on the variety and variety, can be of different sizes. It can be up to 1 m in height. There are also those that grow to 2.5 m. There are a variety of colors, with simple and double flowers. These flowers are ideal for planting along fences and near buildings, as well as for some cover ugly-looking structures. But they look great in a normal flower bed or flower garden.
For planting mallow, it is better to choose an open sunny area with light fertile soil, not too damp and protected from drafts and strong winds. You can plant these flowers in the penumbra. But in this case such an arrangement will not have the best effect on the growth of the mallow and the quality of its flowering.
When and how best to plant mallow
For the cultivation of perennial mallow, you can choose one of two ways of planting:
- seeds immediately in open ground,
- through seedlings.
Many growers prefer rassadnomu way. But planting seeds immediately in open soil is also quite effective. With this method, mallow can be planted both in the spring with the onset of heat and in the fall. Autumn planting for winter is used less frequently, as it requires greater care for the plants.
Council When the seeds are planted in autumn, before the cold weather, the mallow emerges in the spring rather early, when there is still a threat of frost for young plants. To protect the early sprouted flowers, you need to take care of their shelter during this period.
Planting seeds in open soil
Favorable time for planting mallows in open ground - the end of May or the beginning of June, when the threat of recurrent frosts that can destroy young shoots is over. The soil must be prepared in advance. For this purpose, it is enough to simply dig up the ground in the selected area and apply fertilizer. To make the ground lighter and more permeable, it can be diluted with ordinary sand.
In the prepared soil, wells are made with a distance of about 25 cm between them. 2-3 seeds are placed in each of them, sprinkled with earth, after which the landing site is slightly compacted and moistened. You can also simply spread the mallow seeds on the soil surface and sprinkle them with earth. For faster germination of seeds before planting, it is better to soak them in warm water for several hours. Under favorable conditions, shoots appear after 2 weeks. When they grow up a little and get stronger, you need to remove the excess, leaving only the strongest seedling in the hole. And the extra sprouts can be deposited elsewhere.
Growing mallow through seedlings
This method is quite popular, as it allows much more efficient to plan further planting flowers on the site. Malva seedlings can be sown in the middle-end of winter or in March-April. For planting, you can use individual containers or common containers, which until the germination of seeds is better covered with glass or plastic on top.
At a temperature of about 20-23 degrees, seedlings should appear in about 2 weeks. Then, when they get stronger, they will need to be thinned so that the distance between the sprouts is at least 2 cm. You can save all shoots of the mallow. To do this, you need to wait until the plants have 2-3 leaves, then dive young seedlings into separate pots.
Malvia are planted in a permanent place with the onset of steady heat. This period falls mainly at the end of May or the beginning of summer. Before planting, young plants are gradually quenched in fresh air. When growing perennial mallow, often grown seedlings are placed in a permanent place not at the beginning of the warm season, but closer to the end of summer.
These flowers are generally considered rather unassuming. It is not too difficult to care for them even for a beginner florist. Care consists of:
Tall plants provide support. If the flowers are planted along the fence, you can tie them directly to him. When placing the same plants in an open flower bed for garters of flowers, next to them, they peck in high pegs. Mallow is usually watered at least once a week, but when dry weather sets in, it is often done. Just too zealous in watering is also not worth it, as the mallow does not tolerate a strong waterlogging of the soil, from which plants can develop various diseases.
Malva loves fertile soil. She responds well to the application of fertilizing during the season. It is advisable to regularly feed the flowers during the growing season, doing it at least once a month. With the onset of cold weather, after the plants ottsvetut, you need to think about their shelter for the winter. The stem is cut short. And in order to protect the root system of the mallow, for the shelter use the fallen leaves or fir spruce branches.
What to look for when growing mallow
Although mallow and refers to a fairly unpretentious in the care of flowers, some rules for its cultivation is still necessary to observe. It is necessary to pay attention to the following points:
- soil moisture - these flowers do not tolerate abundant watering, as well as over-wetted soil. Therefore, watering plants should be moderate, and for their planting choose high places with not too heavy and dense soils,
- the choice of place - it is worth avoiding shaded areas, as in case of poor lighting, the mallow lags behind in growth and somewhat loses its decorative color of flowers. In addition, it is better to place these flowers in places not blown by strong winds,
- frost protection - the mallow must be covered for the winter, so that its root system does not die from the severe frosts during the cold period.
Perennial mallow does not require any special care, but for all its unpretentiousness, it is very beautiful. These spectacular flowers, which are distinguished by a bright and varied color, are able to decorate any area with them, to hide on it, with their decorative effect, particularly unattractive places.
Mallow flower - planting and care in the open field. Cultivation of mallow from seeds, methods of reproduction. Description, types. Photo - Flowertimes.ru
Malva (Malva) - flowering herb, which is popularly called mallow or kalachik.
Among the three dozen different species of this flower there are annual, biennial and perennial specimens, many of which can be found in temperate areas of several continents at once - in Europe, Asia, America and Africa.
The most common cultural species are the Malan "Sudanese", "Wrinkled", "One-year", "Musk", "Hybrid".
Mallow flower description
In our country, the most popular and well-known species is the Malva "Lesnaya". Distinctive features of this species are high straight stem (with partial pubescence) from 30 to 120 centimeters, heart-shaped pubescent leaves and rounded and bell-like flowers with a diameter of more than 12 centimeters of violet hue.
The root system is represented as a long branched root extending deep into the ground. The flowering period continues throughout the summer, after which the plants ripen fruits with a large number of seeds, which are highly germinating for 2-3 years after harvest.
The individual characteristics of mallow include simplicity in growing and care, resistance to frost and drought.
When planting mallow
From the time of planting depends on the beginning of the flowering period. You can immediately sow the seeds in open ground, but you can and seedlings. In the first method, seeds are sown in the second half of May. During the summer, the seedlings will get stronger, form a rosette of leaves, but will not have time to bloom. With its bright flowers - bells Mallow will delight only in the next season.