General information

Cherry varieties


All varieties of cherries differ among themselves according to various characteristics, be it the time of ripening, the size of the fruit, or the region of growth. The most resistant to frost those cherries that are grown in the northern regions (Ob, Ashinskaya, Blizzard), but the most fruitful and sweet varieties grow in the south of the country (Lyubskaya, Shpanka, Garland). Cherries, early ripening the most stable, but their taste is much more sour (Chocolate, Youth), medium ripening varieties are the golden mean (Vladimirskaya, Zhukovskaya, Turgenevka). Another sign is the presence of flowers of both sexes, that is, self-fertility (Aphutinskaya, Yenikiev Memorial). To choose which is the most suitable variety of cherries, you need to know all their characteristics.


Medium-growth tree, on which grow large and tasty heart-shaped fruits. Apukhtinskaya variety begins its fruiting in the second year after planting, refers to late ripening, crop ripening falls in mid-August. The tree has good resistance to frost and drought, but it is also prone to fungal diseases.

Cherry variety Apukhtinskaya

Memory Yenikiev

The tree grows up to 3 meters in height, the crown of medium thickness, spherical shape. Fruit weight reaches 5 gramstherefore they can be considered large. The shape of the berries is oval, the color is dark red. The flesh of cherries. Memory of Yenikiyev is very tasty and juicy. The variety is characterized by the presence of a large bone.. The tree begins to bear fruit already for 3-4 years of life, the period of full ripening of the crop falls at the end of June. Up to 15 kilograms of fruit can be harvested from a single cherry.. It has an average resistance to frost and drought.

Cherry Memory Enikeeva

Chocolate girl

A tree of such a cherry is of medium height, with a crown shaped like an inverted cone. Berries differ in sourish taste and dark and claret color. Pulp of a rich red shade, dense, with easily separated bone. Variety Shokoladnits well tolerates frost and drought, is resistant to many diseases, self-infested. Brings a steady harvest.

Cherry Chocolate

This variety is a cherry-cherry hybrid. A tall tree with free-growing branches is shaped like a ball. In addition, the attachment of branches to the tree is quite weak, so when the crop appears there is a risk that they will break. The taste of berries is sweet and sour, on average, their weight is 4 grams. The color of the fruit is dark red, the shape is rounded flat. The first harvest Shpanka brings to 6-7 years of life, but at the age of 20 years from the tree you can get up to 60 kilograms of cherries. Fruiting occurs from the end of June to the beginning of July.. The variety is highly resistant to frost and drought, needs pollinators.

Cherry Shpanka


Spray cherries, with a low, slightly drooping crown. Fruits of the Youth variety are large in size, their weight can reach up to 4.8 grams, the skin and pulp have the same dark maroon color. The stone is well separated, and in the taste of the cherries themselves they feel a slight sourness, such berries are perfect for preservation and freezing. The first crop appears on the 5-year-old tree, fruiting mainly occurs on last year's wood. Youth is a frost-resistant grade. It has moderate disease resistance.

Spray self-fertile cherry youth variety

Miracle cherry

Tree cherry with medium growth. The crown of the tree needs constant shaping, with the free form of growth it looks like a cone, and the fruits will accumulate at the very top. The taste of berries is sweet, sweet, in all its external characteristics they resemble a sweet cherrycan reach a weight of 9.5 grams. The variety is samobesplod, needs pollinators. The tree begins to bear fruit from 3 years of life, while bringing a large, stable crop. You can collect the fruit in early June. Miracle cherry is resistant to frost and most diseases..

Miracle Cherry variety

The tree has a medium height and spherical shape. Brings beautiful dark red fruit with a pleasant sweet-sour taste, the bone is easily separated from the pulp. The shape of the berries is round, evenly flattened, weight reaches 5 grams.. Grade Baby Distinguished by good transportability, immunity to fungal diseases and frost resistance. Yield inferior to other varieties, from one tree you can get 17 kilograms of cherries. Their full maturation falls at the end of June.

Cherry variety Baby


Vladimirskaya - one of the oldest varieties grown in the central regions of Russia. Bush tree, grayish bark. The branches grow in a downward direction, so the shape of the crown is called weeping. On one inflorescence about 5-7 flowers of gentle white color gather. The leaves are matte green hue, elongated, gradually sharpening to the base and top, biconicular edge. Fruits are sweet and sour, slightly fibrous, well suited for any form of processing. The color of the skin is dark red, almost black, the weight of the berries does not exceed 3.7 grams, the shape is rounded flat. The first fruiting comes on the 3rd year of lifeThe ripening of the cherry occurs at the end of July. This variety tolerates winter cold, but spring frosts can completely destroy the inflorescences, and, accordingly, the entire crop. It grows best in central Russia, with good care it can yield 25 kilograms of fruit. In the northern regions, the yield drops sharply to 6-7 kg. Vladimirskaya needs pollinators and additional protection from diseases and pests. If the berries are not picked on time, they will begin to crumble very quickly.

Cherry grows up to 2.5 meters, crown sprawling, but rare. Leaves narrow, oval, dark green color. Forms inflorescences of 3-4 flowers, medium size with rounded petals. Fruiting occurs on last year's annual wood. Most often, the berries are single, sometimes in two. Cherries varieties Zhukovskaya medium size, up to 4 grams, dark red color, heart shape. The flesh is tender, juicy, with a dessert taste. Disease resistance is average.


The tree grows to medium size, the flowers are large, white. The berries themselves are evenly rounded, the peel is bright red, the flesh is orange. Possess sweet-sour taste, the stone easily separates. Good immunity to various diseases, frost resistance is normal. Variety Kharitonovskaya needs additional pollination.


A cherry tree of this variety grows up to 3 meters, forming inflorescences of 4 white flowers. Fruiting occurs on the bouquet twigs. Berries wide-heart-shaped, large-sized, with a mass of up to 6.5 grams. The color of the skin is dark red, the flesh is juicy, sour-sweet, the taste rating is normal. The first crop ripens at 5-6 year of life, full ripening occurs in early July. Turgenevka tolerates winter frosts, but can die when spring frosts appear. It is highly resistant to diseases, needs pollinators. The variety brings a good, stable crop.

The tree grows of medium size, the crown is wide, spreading. Fruiting occurs on the bouquet twigs, berries are rounded with a hole in the stem, the weight can reach 5.5 grams. The skin is maroon, the flesh is juicy, dessert taste with easily detachable bone. These berries are suitable for both fresh consumption and for processing, are well transported. The tree begins to bear fruit at 3 years of life, the ripening fruit of the variety Morozovka falls at the end of July. Harvest stable, up to 500 kilograms per hundred. The variety is resistant to frost, drought and disease. Needs pollinators.

Late cherries

Late varieties ripen the most recent, late summer-early autumn.

The variety is intended for cultivation in central and southern Russia, it is very picky about soil fertility and quality of care. Forms a large crop with blood-red, transportable fruits with a mediocre taste.. These berries are ideal for processing. The tree is self-growing, but with additional pollination it gives higher yields. The young tree brings up to 26 kilograms of fruit, and the adult to 60. Lyubskaya does not have frost resistance, often undergoes various diseases.

Bush cherries with shoots raised upwards. The weight of one cherry is about 4 grams, the shape is round, the color is bright red. Pulp with good taste, the bone is easily separated. The presentation of berries is at the highest level, they are resistant to cracking. Variety Generous gives an annual, abundant harvest, ripens in autumn. The tree gives its first cherries already in 3-4 years. Generous is characterized by high frost resistance, it can easily tolerate even spring frosts, also the variety is not amenable to attack by pests, it tolerates drought well. Susceptible to diseases, especially fungal.

Tree of medium height with a spherical crown. Leaves with a wide plate, glossy, green, margin crenate. Cherries are small, the average weight of one berry is 3-3.5 grams, the shape is rounded. The taste is sweet and sour, pleasant, the flesh is dense. The variety produces an annual, abundant crop, which ripens in early August. The robin needs additional pollinators and protection from diseases. Resistance to frost - medium.

Consumer Black

Low-growing tree with very tasty berries with dark skin almost black. The flesh is juicy, tender, with an easily detachable bone. Fruits Consumer goods Black ripen in early June, moderate-yield crops. It has low resistance to frost. The tree needs additional pollination.


A medium-sized tree can produce an annual harvest. The berries are sweet, juicy with dense pulp and easily removable bone. Ripening falls in the middle of July. The variety does not tolerate frosts; there is a risk of decay in the rainy season. Volochaevka forms both female and male flowers, self-bearing.

A low tree whose fruit weight exceeds the mark of 10 grams. The berries are bright red, with delicate and juicy flesh. The harvest of the variety. The meeting is stable and annual, ripening falls on the 20th of June. The variety tolerates frost and drought, is resistant to fungal diseases.


Bushy cherry with a wide crown, its maximum growth is 2 meters. The skin of the berries is dark, almost black, the flesh is blood red.. Fruit weight is 4-5 grams, taste is good. Cherries ripen in mid-summer and are well transported. Anthracite is resistant to frost, drought and fungi.

A small tree forms a spherical crown. Berry burgundy color, with the same color of the pulp, their weight ranges from 3.5-4.2 grams, well transported. The taste is sweet and sour. Harvest period falls on the beginning of July. The resistance of the Bystrinka variety to frost is average. There is a risk of damage by moniliasis.

The tree rarely exceeds the 2-meter height, the crown is oval. Average, one berry weighs 4 grams, the color of the skin is maroon. Most often, the fruits of the Mtsenskaya variety are processed. Trees have good resistance to frost, drought and most diseases. They also have an attractive appearance, which is why they are often used in landscape design.

The best varieties of cherries for the southern regions of Russia

These varieties have excellent taste, low or medium frost resistance. Their cultivation is possible only in warm climatic conditions.

On average, the tree grows up to 3-4 meters, the foliage is average. Fruiting occurs on annual shoots. Fruits are large, juicy, red. Differ in fine taste. Variety Sasha is frost-resistant, rarely exposed to disease. The first fruiting occurs in the 5th year of life, the early ripening period.

Tree growth is 3 meters, a large amount of foliage is formed on the branches. Variety Garland is characterized by the presence of inflorescences, of which there are 5 fruits each. The berries are very large, juicy and tasty, the color of the skin is slightly darker than the flesh. The first harvest can be collected in mid-June already in the 3rd year of life. The tree does not need additional pollination.

The best varieties of cherries for the northern regions

It is considered the best variety for the northern regions. Low-growing shrub, whose growth does not exceed 1.5 meters, can tolerate frost down to -55 degrees. Also has drought tolerance. Berries of dark color, with dense pulp of slightly knitting, sweet-sour taste. The bone is small, easily removed. Flowering occurs from the beginning of April, the first harvest gives shrubs at 4 years of age.

Low shrub, whose growth is only 130 centimeters. Fruiting occurs on annual growths. The berries are small, dark red in color, with good taste and a small, well separable bone.. Fruit ripening falls in the middle of July. Ob is able to withstand severe frosts and droughts, but is highly susceptible to pests. The variety is self-fertile and does not need pollination.

Altai swallow

Low-growing shrub, a height of not more than 150 centimeters. The berries are round in shape and medium in size, have excellent taste and juiciness.. Ripening occurs in mid-July. The yield of the variety is very different from the trees growing in the southern regions, and is only 5 kilograms. The Altai swallow tolerates frost and drought well, and is immune to many diseases. It is also a pollinator for many varieties of cherries.

Ural ruby

Shrub, whose growth is 1.5 meters, the crown is wide, weeping branches, grow in a downward direction. The leaves are wide, shiny, dark green in color, their shape resembles a boat. Fruits weigh only 3-4 grams, round shape, dark red, juicy, taste sweet and sour. Ripen in mid-August. The variety is self-productive, but it has a stable and good yield, an adult tree brings up to 10 kilograms of berries.

Lighthouse - a bush 2 meters high with wide sprawling crown and leaves folded into the boat. The Siberian variety is self-fertile, but when planted next to such varieties as Vole and Generous it gives the most abundant crops. Fruits gain weight up to 6 grams, dark red in color, the taste is sour-sweet. Harvest can be collected in early AugustOn average, one bush gives 5 to 15 kilograms of fruit.

Griot Moskovsky

Tree with a spherical crown and frosted leaves. Berries reach 3.5 grams in weight, taste is top notch, fruits are suitable for various types of processing. Such a variety ripens in mid-July, yields are above average, with weave you can get up to a ton of cherries. Resistance to winter cold and return frost is excellent. Subjected to coccomycosis and monial burn.

Late varieties

Among the varieties of late ripening in the best way proved Zhukovskaya.

The crown of the tree is small, rounded. Fruits are dark red in color with rare brown dots. The flesh of the berries is juicy, the taste is sour. Cherries can be used both for fresh consumption and for various processing., fruit transportability is average. Harvest can be in early August. The variety has good resistance to frost and drought.

Self-fruited varieties

Medium-thick wood, forming fruits weighing 4 grams, round-oval in shape and light red in color, taste sweet and sour. Crop ripening occurs in mid-July, from one tree you can get up to 15 kilograms of berries. Frost resistance of the tree and flower buds is excellent. The variety does not require additional protection from fungal diseases.

Breeders brought a huge number of varieties of cherries, which allows you to grow this crop in all corners of Russia. For the most part, all trees have good or moderate frost resistance and bear sweet-sour fruit.. Each gardener can choose and plant that cherry which will decorate his site.

Culture description

Cherry as a fruit plant has been known since ancient times. Its still in the fourth century BC. er it was described by Theophrastus, a Greek naturalist and one of the very first botanists.

Today, cherry is considered one of the most common garden trees, ranking second after the apple tree. Her homeland is the Crimea and the Caucasus. It is unpretentious and grows on any, including on stony soil. However, it is better to still fruit in wet areas.

Description of cherry varieties

Many experienced gardeners know that it is impossible to plant the first tree in their plot. After all, it is not known how a particular species will feel in this region. Therefore, only by correctly selecting the varieties of cherries for their garden, the owners of the plots get the opportunity to harvest good crops all summer and pamper their loved ones with tasty fruits rich in natural vitamins.

At the same time, beginner growers often have doubts about which seedlings to choose. And indeed, this question today is quite relevant, because only the varieties of cherry ordinary number more than one hundred thirty varieties. И это не считая многих декоративных видов, которые человек выращивает исключительно из-за их красивого цветения (вишня плакучая, сакура и т. д.). А ведь есть еще вишня войлочная, песчаная и степная.

Whether it is possible to grow an abundantly fruitful tree with juicy and tasty fruits in your garden or if efforts will be in vain depends mainly on which varieties of this crop are chosen. Criteria for selection, depending on the region, are the following factors: winter hardiness, precociousness, resistance to drought or disease, timing of flowering and ripening, the need for light, etc.

In the conditions of the Russian climate, the best varieties of cherries are those that endure the cold and are self-fruited. This criterion is explained by the fact that even under adverse weather conditions, when the bees do not fly, the normal pollination of flowers should still occur.

If the cherry varieties are initially highly resistant to the most common diseases in the region, then their care is greatly facilitated, and fruit losses are minimized. As for the yield, each adult tree should give at least seven kilograms of berries for the season.

Ripening classification

Breeders were bred many varieties of this plant. They differ not only in taste, but also in the color of the fruit and the periods of fruiting. It is on the choice of the variety that the ripening period of the fruit depends in many ways. According to this criterion, cherry is classified into early, as well as medium and late varieties. The term of ripening of early ripening varieties falls on the beginning of July. Mid-season variety yields a crop in the middle of the same month, and late - in early August.

Most popular varieties

Based on winter hardiness, the following sorts of cherries for Moscow region and central Russia can be called: Chernokorka and Molodezhnaya, Bolotovskaya and Bagryanaya, Lyubskaya and Shubinka, Volochaevka and Malinovka, Volevka, etc. Of the self-fertile, Generous, Rusinka, Brunette, Flame, and also Chocolate.

The record of popularity belongs to such a subspecies as Turgenevka, endowing the harvest from the first days of July. The tree reaches a height of three meters, but begins to bear fruit only in the fifth year. The berries of this sort of cherry for the Moscow region are large and juicy, the stone is easily separable. Turgenevka is great for those gardeners who pamper their loved ones with compotes, jams and other blanks. It is quietly growing in the middle zone of Russia, and in a climate with a cold winter, where frosts reach thirty-five degrees.

“Generous” - the name of this variety of cherry speaks of its fecundity. With each tree with proper care, you can collect more than eight kilograms. The fruits are tasty, slightly sourish, while they have one advantage - they do not crack.

Another popular type is Frostbite. This is a dessert variety that has been recognized for its great sweetness of fruits. They have not only excellent taste, but also excellent transportable characteristics. Their ripening is in the middle of July. Freezer tolerates the winter cold, but is not adapted to spring frosts.

In warm regions of Russia, such varieties of cherries as Lyubskaya and Apukhtinskaya are popular. They have a high yield - up to ten pounds per tree. In addition, their seedlings bear fruit, unlike, for example, from Turgenevka, from the second year after planting.

Another type of cherry that has high yields and winter hardiness is popular with Ukrainian gardeners. This is a fairly unpretentious culture with a spherical, medium-thickened crown. Shpanka is a cherry that grows in almost any area, it is not demanding to the soil and is resistant to such a common garden disease as coccomycosis. This species, popular in Ukraine and in other former Soviet republics, was bred as a result of the interbreeding of cherries with cherries. It practically does not suit for preparations, it is low-transportable, but differs in size of fruits. The wide-round sweet-sour berries turn out in weight to five grams.

Frost resistant cherry

Varieties for Siberia, bred by breeders in recent years, skoroplodny and fruitful. But their main advantage is high winter hardiness. There are four types of cherries that grow in the harsh Siberian conditions: sandy, steppe, felt, and some common varieties.

Over the past twenty years, many varieties have been created - Maksimovskaya, Mayak, Metelitsa, Zmeinogorskaya, Ob, Novoaltaiskaya and others. The zoned species include the Altai swallow, which, according to experienced gardeners, should be present at each site. It is one of the best pollinators for many varieties of the Siberian range.

Ashinskaya cherry is also a stable variety popular in Siberia. It is a self-fertile species, that is, grown without pollinators, but in very severe winters its fruit buds can freeze. Therefore, the yield at Ashinskaya over the years is not always stable.

Varieties for the Moscow region

Even the most popular of all existing varieties are not suitable for all regions of Russia. Therefore, it is desirable to select zoned varieties of cherries for the Moscow region, which were obtained taking into account the characteristics of specific areas. Only in this case, when growing a crop, gardeners will not have problems, and they will easily achieve excellent fruiting.

Cherry varieties for the middle band, their characteristics and features differ from those that are zoned, for example, for Siberia. The latter must not only withstand the cold, but also give early harvest.

In addition to frost resistance, cherries for the Moscow region should also have good resistance to coccomycosis, since this disease of stone fruit plants is quite common in the central region. Given these characteristics, the most suitable view for the capital and the surrounding areas is Lyubskaya.

Many gardeners note other varieties for the Moscow region that have high or medium resistance to coccomycosis. This is the same Turgenevka, Diamond, Meeting, Toy, Coral and others. A special immunity to this dangerous disease is different and the hybrid cherry with bird cherry - cerapadus Renaissance.

In the gardens to the south of the capital there are such species as the Griot of Moscow, Malinovka, Rastorguevskaya, Rusinka, Sania and the widely distributed Apukhtinskaya.

Cherry varieties Vladimirskaya, for example, in the suburbs is considered a traditional representative of the garden. It is frost resistant and well resistant to many diseases. Vladimirskaya designated as mid-season variety, which means that the fruits of her ripen in mid-July. The berries of this tree have a dark red color and a weight of about three and a half grams. The fruit has dense pulp with a sweet and sour taste. Due to the high content of sugars in Vladimirskaya cherries, very tasty preserves and jam are made from it.

Variety Zhukovskaya

Another variety of cherries specially zoned for the Moscow region has late ripening periods. She has large berries, the average mass of fruits - four grams. The color of the berries is dark red, and the shape is oval-heart-shaped. The variety has excellent yields: mature trees (twenty years old) can produce up to twenty kilograms of berries.

Growing cherry trees in the Moscow region

The yield of almost all stone rocks is subject to fluctuations and depends on a number of reasons. Studies of varietal plantations in the gardens of the Moscow region allowed to find out the reasons for such differences and determine what is necessary for regular crops.

Many varieties of cherries are not regionalized to the environs of the capital, the climatic conditions of which have a bad effect on their growth. This crop originates from the southern regions, therefore in the northern, unusual conditions for it, it is possible to grow only adapted varieties. Successful cultivation of cherries in the Moscow region depends largely on the choice of planting site and top dressing of the soil.

Cherry planted on well-filled with organic fertilizer sandy and loamy soil and provided with constant care and fertilizers, will delight good yields.

In addition, the yield of this plant in the Moscow region depends on the state of flower buds, which are often damaged by frost, as well as the conditions under which pollination takes place. The infected cherry ovaries become noticeable already from the end of March - the beginning of April: if they are cut lengthwise with a razor, then blackening can be seen in the center.

A good harvest of this plant is due to the conditions, most of which can be created for it artificially: choose the right place for planting, provide with fertile and well-drained soil, apply fertilizer regularly. Therefore, choosing the most sustainable varieties for the Moscow region, even with unfavorable growth conditions, you can get very good fees.

Which of the high-yielding varieties of cherries grow better

Buying a sapling, pay attention to the rate of its yield. Gardeners have identified several varieties that, in their opinion, are the most productive in the subsidiary farm:

The grade "Nochka" is considered the most high-yielding. Up to 70 kg of berries can be harvested from a single adult tree. Harvest ripen in early summer, friendly returns. The berries are dark red, large, fleshy and sweet. The variety is remarkable not only for stable yields, but also for its high threshold of winter hardiness and disease resistance. Recommended for cultivation in the Moscow region and central Russia.

Excellent yield has a variety of "Toy". The tree is vigorous, often exceeding 7 m in height. Begins to bear fruit three years after planting. The average yield of adult cherries to 50 kg. The berry is large, dark in color, with pleasant sweet-sour pulp. The skin is thin, the stone is easily separable. The variety has a high threshold of winter-hardiness and is not susceptible to drought, but flowers and buds can suffer during a long spring.

No less popular cherry "Black Large". The tree is medium thick, bears fruit in the middle of summer for the third year after planting. The berries are large, dark cherry color, soft and pleasant to taste. The variety is self-productive, with good pollinators, the yield reaches 30 kg per tree. The advantage of a grade is high frost resistance, cherry maintains lowering of temperature to-35 ° C. With proper farming, you can grow in the northern regions of the country.

The best self-fertile varieties of cherries for the garden

Recently, self-fertile tree varieties have become particularly popular. They allow you to save space in the garden and at the same time get a good harvest. Gardeners should pay attention to the following varieties:

Variety "Garland" is considered one of the earliest, suitable for cultivation in the northern regions of the country. The tree is fully self-fertile with a good yield, can withstand temperatures as low as -35 ° C. On average, for the season from 10 to 20 kg of cherries are harvested. The berries are large, dark in color, dense, but juicy. The harvest tolerates transportation and does not lose its presentation for a long time.

The variety of cherries “Youth” is not only self-fertile, but also short with a drooping crown. The height of an adult plant does not exceed 2.5 m. The berries are red in color, sour-sweet in taste, with small bones, which are well separated. The advantage of a grade is the increased winter hardiness and resistance to diseases. The tree painlessly tolerates lowering the temperature to - 30 ° С. Productivity of a grade to 10-12 kg from a tree.

Among mid-ripening samoplodnyh varieties stands out Cinderella cherry. With good care can collect up to 15 kg of cherries. Berries of medium size, bright red, taste sweet and sour. The tree does not need treatments for pests and diseases, it tolerates low temperatures in winter.

The best of low-growing varieties of cherries

Low-growing varieties of cherries have always been valued among fans. The following varieties are especially popular:

Variety "Chocolate" is notable for its dark chocolate color. The tree does not exceed 2.5 m, fully self-fertile. The berries are medium in size, very tasty, sweet. The flesh is dark red in color, the bone is small and well separable.

The bush variety "Mayak" is used for industrial cultivation. The plant does not exceed 2 m, but requires enough space. His crown is spreading thick. The berries are large, maroon, peel with a characteristic luster. The taste of cherries is gentle, sweet. Productivity to 15 kg from a bush. Berries ripen in early August. The variety is designed for cultivation in Siberia.

Cherry "Brunette" is popular not only for its small tree height, but also for its early growth, self-fertility and regular crops. In addition, it is a variety with a high threshold of winter hardiness, recommended for cultivation in central regions. The berries are dark, medium in size, ripen in mid-summer, taste sweet and sour. Suitable for processing and fresh consumption. Productivity to 10 kg from a tree.

The most winter hardy of the best varieties of cherries

Varieties for the northern regions and Siberia are chosen very carefully. The following types of cherries will like the gardeners of this area:

Variety "Ashinskaya" is considered to be the best among winter-hardy. Shrub tolerates frosts up to - 55 ° C. Its height does not exceed 1.5 m, flowering and fruiting begins in the fourth year of cultivation. The berries are dark, with a specific astringent taste, with small bones.

The variety “Altai Swallow”, although it does not produce large yields, but perfectly tolerates the harsh climate of this area. The shrub grows to 1.5 m, bears fruit in the middle of summer, with good care it is harvested up to 5 kg of berries. Cherries beautiful taste, medium in size, dark.

Very popular cherry "generous" bush type. The plant reaches 2 m in height, unpretentious, bears fruit on last year's growths and bouquet sprigs. The bush of the average period of flowering, fruiting enters the 3-4 year of cultivation. Productivity is stable for many years. The bush is self-fertile. Frost resistance up to - 45 ° С. The berries are bright red, sweet and sour, do not crack on the branches. Suitable for all types of processing and fresh consumption.

Middle-late cultivars include the Blizzard cherry. The bush grows to 1.5 m, it starts to bear fruit early, the yields are stable. The berries are medium in size, red, with tender and juicy pulp, sour taste is present. The yield is average, with good agricultural technology, they collect up to 5 kg from a bush.

Among the late ripening varieties for Siberia, Sverdlovchanka cherry stands out. The tree begins to bear early, gives stable yields every year. Flowers and shoots are not susceptible to returnable frosts. The tree does not exceed 2 m in height, blooms at the end of May, refers to partially self-bearing. For better yields, pollinators are grown nearby. The berries are large, dark cherry color, sweet, with a dense skin. Transportation is well tolerated, do not lose their presentation. The grade is intended for all types of processing.

Adding an article to a new collection

Many are accustomed to the fruits of cherry - sour. But not everyone knows that there are varieties with very juicy and very sweet fruits. Try them - and you will forever change your attitude to the cherry for the better!

It is noteworthy that these varieties were appreciated not only for the sweet taste of rather large berries. They also have a high yield and excellent presentation. These plants can be cultivated in central Russia and enjoy delicious fruits every year.

Characteristics of varieties

All varieties are divided by various characteristics:

    1. By type of growth and fruiting:
      • treelike
      • bushy,
      • intermediate

Bush cherries look like bushes or small trees that are from 2 to 3 meters high. It is worth remembering that these varieties form berries on the young shoots of last year. To bushy varieties include: Lyubskaya, Fertile Michurin, Bagryanaya, Gurtyeva Memory, Generous, Ideal and Youth.

Trees cherries are trees with a well-visible boom height from 2.5 to 6 meters. Interestingly, these varieties have a longer life than the bushy ones (also read about Kharitonovskaya cherry variety). Berries on tree varieties are concentrated on short (bouquet) branches from 3 to 5 cm in length, which are located on perennial branches and on young shoots of last year. This group includes: Oryol Early, Rastunya, Consumer Goods Black, Zhukovskaya, Pink Flask.

On intermediate cherries, fruits are also placed on the bouquet branches and the one-year growth of the branches of the last year. These varieties are: Muse, Bystrinok.

    1. By the time of fruit ripening:
      • early
      • medium,
      • late

Early varieties of cherries ripen in late June and in the first two weeks of July, medium - in the last two weeks of July. And in the late varieties of cherries, the berries gain their full flavor in late July and until mid-August. In the description of varieties, it is always indicated how long the maturity of a particular variety.

Early varieties can be called Krasnodar sweet, Minx, Kent, Pink Bottle. The varieties of the average time of maturation include the Beauty of the Tartary, Vladimir, Torch, Lada, Ryazanochka. For varieties that ripen in late, include: Tamaris, Lyubskaya, Erudite, Toy.

  1. According to the method of pollination:
    • self-infertile,
    • self-fertile.

Cherry for setting a good harvest requires cross-pollination. Это значит, что рядом с вишневым деревом обязательно нужно высаживать дерево сорта-опылителя, с которого насекомые перенесут пыльцу на пестики цветков.

Самоплодные сорта вишни могут опылять себя сами, поскольку пыльники с пыльцой находятся на одном уровне с верхушкой пестиков (рыльца). Да и пыльца таких сортов сохраняет возможность прорастания почти две недели, а это свойство увеличивает количество урожая. На самоплодных сортах может завязываться от 20 до 40 процентов всех цветков. The self-bearing varieties include: Anadolskaya, Zhelannaya, Lada, Lotovaya, Kizilovaya, Sudarushka, Nord Star, Scattering, Chocolate Girl.

The best varieties of national selection

Quite a lot of varieties of cherries created as a result of folk breeding, many of them are still not inferior to modern hybrids in their characteristics. The most famous and best varieties of this group include: Vladimirskaya, Amorel Rose, Kent, Bottle Rose, Lyubskaya.

The cherry variety Lyubskaya was found in the Belgorod region in the nineteenth century. It is a tree in height from 2 to 2.5 meters. Shirokoraskidistaya crown formed by a few slightly drooping branches. The first crop is removed for 3-4 year after planting. Blooms late enough. Although the variety is self-fertile, its yield rises well during pollination by varieties such as Lot, Shpanka, early.

Heart-shaped berries, painted in a darkish-red hue, have a sweet-sour taste. Medium-sized bone can be easily separated from the pulp. This variety is especially liked for late ripening and for the fact that it does not fall long from the tree. All who grew Lyubskaya, always left great reviews.

Although cherry is a heat-loving crop, it has been cultivated for a long time in central Russia and for this purpose many beautiful varieties have been developed. Among the best varieties for this region are: Lebedinskaya, Molodezhnaya, Chernookaya, Muza, Victoria, Ryazanochka, Lyusinovskaya.

A novelty of recent years is the columnar cherries, which are distinguished by a small growth (from 1 to 2 m), a vertical direction of the branches and large fruits.

Watch the video about different varieties of cherries:

Shpanka Donetsk

Ukrainian variety. Tree with a spherical crown, vigorous. Shpanka is undemanding to the soil and bears fruit practically on any site. The tree has good frost resistance, is relatively resistant to fungi. Begins to bear fruit in the fourth year after disembarkation. The fruit of the speckle average (5 g), red, sweet and sour, ripen in late June.

Important!On poor soil without top dressing Shpanka can hurt.

Refers to the early ripening varieties, the crop of which is removed in late May. Differs in the increased productivity. Waiting fruits are dark red, suitable for any kind of processing.

Early dessert

Cherry Early dessert - ultra early (mid-June) variety with large (5-6 g) fruits of bright red color. Productivity from a tree can reach 20-25 kg.

The flesh of the fruit of the Early Dessert is tender, with a sweet-sour taste. The crop is well transported and preserved. Trees of this variety have an average resistance to fungi, rust, drought, and tolerate frosts well.

All varieties of cherries are divided into 2 groups:

  • moreli - with darker fruits and bright juice,
  • amorely - with light fruit and clear juice.

Knowing which variety of cherries is best suited for your site, you can provide yourself with tasty fruits with minimal labor costs.