Willow - a genus of woody plants with a chic sprawling crown and characteristic grayish bark, belongs to the willow family. The foliage of many species is curly and thick, some very rare. The leaves are located on the reddish and flexible branches, pedunculate. Depending on the type of tree, the leaf blade with finely toothed edges may have a wide, narrow linear or elliptical shape.
Flowers of opposite sex are very small, almost imperceptible. Collected in dense inflorescences - earrings, especially visible before the leaves bloom. The box fruit is enclosed between 2 doors, which are subsequently opened. Seed - small and light - freely carried by wind over long distances.
Willow - types and places of growth
World flora has about 300 species of willow, distributed mainly in the temperate countries of the Northern Hemisphere. Willow is a satellite of humid places, but one of the varieties - goat willow willingly settles on sandy soils. This species is more widespread than others, lives on the territory of the whole Eurasia, preferring coniferous-deciduous forests.
Other common forms include:
- White willow (willow) - grows in floodplains throughout the territory of the Russian Federation,
- fragile willow - floods alders, planting along roads, dams and dams,
- Norway willow - stripes stretches from the Far North to the Caucasus,
- willow tree - shrub species growing along the banks of many Russian rivers,
- basket willow - grows in the riverbed floodplains of the river, has very flexible shoots, so it is often used in basket weaving.
Willow is the inhabitant of various places and conditions, which indicates a high ecological plasticity of the genus. Ornamental views are planted as a great addition to the urban landscape.
Willow - healing properties
From time immemorial, magical properties have been attributed to a valuable shrub. White willow bark has antipyretic (due to the content of acetylsalicylic acid), astringent, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anthelmintic and diuretic. Tea from fresh leaves relieves fatigue, osteochondrosis and gout are treated with a wicker broom in the bath. Quinine contained in it is a powerful tool against malaria.
Positive results were achieved in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, diarrhea. Willow is also used externally: for rinsing the mouth, throat, douching, with varicose disease, sweating feet, skin diseases. The plant is used as a sedative, antifebrile and wound-healing agent, and a weak decoction of bark treats weakened and brittle hair, saturating them with all necessary substances.
Willow - dosage forms
Medicinal raw material is the bark of young trees, which are carefully collected in April before the first leaves are blooming. It is this month that she easily peels off the wood. Dried under a canopy, with good ventilation.
Less often, for medical purposes, they use earrings, which are collected during flowering, dried in a shady place. Store the obtained dry extract for 4 years, preferably in a paper and cardboard container.
Willow - recipes of traditional medicine
Varicose disease, thrombophlebitis, muscle fatigue: 120 gr. Not too shredded willow roots are poured with 5 liters of water, the mixture is boiled and boiled on very slow fire for 10-15 minutes. Then cooled to a tolerable temperature and immersed in the decoction of the leg to cool. The decoction can be used up to three times with preheating. The number of procedures - to improve the condition (usually from 5 to 8 baths).
Tachycardia tincture: 100-150 gr. fresh or dry men's earrings pour a bottle (500 ml) of vodka, put in a dark place for 21-30 days, then strain and use the tincture of 35 cap. three times a day for 10-15 days. A month later, you can repeat the course.
Diarrhea, uterine and LCD bleeding, ulcer, aggravation of gastritis, gargling: use white willow. Pour a handful of shredded roots in 250 ml of water, simmer for 30 minutes, then squeeze everything, and bring the volume to the original. Drink decoction before meals (3 p. Day) on the table. a spoon.
Fresh leaves can be brewed by scalding them with boiling water. Juice or gruel is an excellent remedy against furunculosis, eczema, blackheads and other skin problems. Solid leaves should be attached or tied to painful areas, calluses and corns.
White willow (bark): medicinal properties, use and contraindications:
This beautiful branchy tree with a rounded crown is widespread in Russia. White willow belongs to the willow family, grows up to thirty meters. The krone is dark gray, paniculate, spreading. There are deep cracks on the bark.
Silvery silky leaves have an oval, slightly pointed shape. Young leaves on both sides are covered with silky hairs, which are later sprinkled. Yellowish flowers form oblong earrings, their length can be up to 5 cm. The fruits of the plant are in the form of a box.
White willow has a well-developed, powerful root system. The roots lie at a depth of three meters.
White willow can form many hybrid forms with other willow species, therefore it is sometimes difficult to distinguish them from the main, derived species.
History of willow
The healing properties of white willow are known to man from ancient times. For the first time they are mentioned in ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek writings. Quite often it was used in various rituals.
This probably explains that our ancestors believed in the powerful magical power of this extraordinary tree.
They were confident that it could not only cure a person from diseases, but also protect his home from witchcraft and evil spirits.
In many Arab countries, juice obtained from bark mixed with pomegranate decoction and rose oil has been used to treat ear diseases. In addition, fresh juice was used in the treatment of edema of the extremities, various tumors, dandruff and even baldness.
The Europeans in the Middle Ages, with the help of willow ash and juice, brought corn and warts together. Research carried out in our time has shown that white willow bark has more than 15 pharmacological properties. Thus, it is considered to be a universal folk remedy.
White willow: healing properties
For therapeutic purposes, used fresh willow bark. Usually it is collected in mid-April, before the leafing. Only during this period the bark is easily removed from the wood. It should be dried under a canopy in the shade. It is desirable that this place is well ventilated. The resulting extract is stored for four years. It is advisable to use cardboard packaging for this purpose.
Healers have long used this plant for the treatment of various infectious diseases, such as malaria. They replaced them with quinine.
White willow bark is widely used. The use of decoction from it has a tonic effect. Formulations are prepared from it that are effective under reduced pressure.
White willow bark, the medicinal properties of which are known for a long time, is used as a rinse for diseases of the oral cavity. Infusion can be used when sweating feet.
In all parts of the white willow contains salicin. But its concentration is particularly high in the cortex. Once in the human body, salicin is converted to salicylic acid. It effectively relieves headaches, reduces fever and inflammation. The action of the cortex is compared with aspirin.
It starts its work more slowly than the famous drug, but acts for a longer time and almost does not cause side effects. It is especially important that it does not cause gastrointestinal bleeding that aspirin can trigger.
Therefore, it is often recommended to replace it with drugs containing willow bark extract. Doctors consider it safer.
White willow bark: use, contraindications
Any drug, as you know, can have a therapeutic effect, and may be harmful. White willow, the contraindications to the use of which are serious enough, is no exception.
It can increase the duration of bleeding, provoke an attack of the disease in people who are allergic to salicylates.
White willow produces them to combat soil bacteria and parasites.
Not very young trees, aged from 6 years, are selected. The removed bark is cut into small pieces and kept in the sun for several days to dry up.
Then the bark should be placed in a dryer, autoclave or Russian oven, and dried at a temperature of 60-7 degrees. Drying goes on until the bark gives up all the moisture and becomes brittle, i.e. will begin to break and crumble in the hands.
If the raw material is stored properly in a dry and cool place, it retains its healing properties for 4-5 years.
Willow bark: medicinal properties and contraindications
The healing properties of a weeping willow are due to the composition, namely a large amount of salicylic acid and vitamin C. There are also many tannins and organic acids in the composition. The most valuable substance is salicin.
Willow skin in folk medicine is an alternative to synthetic drugs. White willow bark healing properties and contraindications are serious. It is strictly prohibited until the age of 16. The shell extract can irritate the stomach and cause tinnitus.
Any means can not be combined with anticoagulants and diuretics.
In alternative medicine, white willow skin is most often used as an antipyretic drug.
Through the above components, the tree has the following therapeutic effects:
- pain killer
Also, willow has been used as a light sedative, sedative and wound-healing remedies. Reviews show effective use for cosmetic purposes. The diluted extract is an excellent way to reduce pores. White willow bark healing properties are beneficial for women. They will be used for varicose veins, cystitis and belyah.
Preparations from willow bark - reviews
Modern pharmacology produces enough drugs based on the common willow. This bad, and lotions, and tablets, and granules, and capsules, and water-alcohol solutions, and teas. Photo tools look on the Internet.
Their medicinal properties and contraindications to the use of funds on willow bark differ somewhat, because each complex contains other herbal collections. Bad reviews are not very good.
People write that the effect is almost imperceptible, and the drug costs no small money.
Good reviews deserve capsules and granules for the genitourinary system and water-alcohol solution. Responses indicate that in addition to eliminating the main problem, the digestive process is improving. Patients with colitis and constipation disappear. Tea also helps with bronchopulmonary diseases.
The chemical composition of willow bark
Willow bark has valuable healing properties due to its chemical composition rich in nutrients:
- vitamin C,
- Vitamin PP.
Recipes of traditional medicine: treatment of diseasesWillow bark is very popular when used in traditional medicine. Due to the healing properties of willow, teas, decoctions, tinctures, ointments and compresses are made from it. When treating serious diseases, it is necessary to take into account that folk remedies do not give instant results. Therefore, it is best to use them as prevention of exacerbations or in remission in the treatment of chronic diseases. This is because only long-term systematic use of folk remedies will allow recovery. As an ambulance, they will not work.
- menstrual syndrome,
- slight joint pain
- stomach upset.
With physical fatigueRemove physical fatigue well help decoction willow bark. To prepare it, you need to pour two tablespoons of chopped willow bark with 450 ml of hot water and leave for 15 minutes in a water bath. Leave to cool after passing through cheesecloth. To use on a spoon (dining room) for 5 minutes before meals three times a day.
Also a good remedy would be a decoction of 30 g of birch leaves and 60 g of willow bark. The mixture is poured with a glass of hot boiled water and infused for about two hours. Drink 1/3 cup 60 minutes after meals.
If you suffer from a headache, pour a teaspoon of powdered willow bark into a glass of hot boiled water. Cover the contents with a saucer or lid and leave for 10 minutes. Next, cool to room temperature and drink at a time before eating. For chronic headaches, it is effective to take this broth: tablespoon of bark pour hot boiled water (glass) and insist two hours at a temperature of 20-22 degrees. Strain the mixture, drinking a tablespoon of broth five times a day before meals. The treatment course is a month.
For gout, as well as arthritis, rheumatism, joint pain, colitis, kidney and heart disease, you can use this recipe: pour two tablespoons of willow bark with boiled hot water (400 ml) and simmer for 20 minutes over low heat. Leave for an hour to infuse. Strain, drink a tablespoon in three sets a day before meals. The treatment course is a month. To get rid of gout, rheumatism and arthritis will help tincture of the cortex. To do this, 50 g of raw materials must be crushed to a powdery state and pour a liter of 40% alcohol or vodka. Then the mixture must be insisted in a dark place for 14 days. It is recommended to shake the container daily. At the end of the infusion, the mixture is filtered. The tincture is taken twice a day for cup.
With heavy menstruation
To reduce blood loss during menstruation and get rid of pain, it is recommended to drink a decoction of the bark. For its preparation, 350 ml of water is poured over a tablespoon of bark, simmered for 20 minutes. Strain the mixture, bring the liquid to the initial volume with boiled water. Drink a tablespoon three times a day.
With skin diseases and sweating feet
In case of skin irritation, formation of ulcers or wounds on the affected area, it is recommended to apply the bark, crushed to a powder.
To get rid of sweating feet, it is recommended to prepare such a bath: pour 350 ml of water with a tablespoon of bark and boil for 15 minutes. Strain, add a liter of water. In the resulting broth hold the legs for 10 minutes.
With bleeding and boilsIn order to stop gastrointestinal bleeding, it is recommended to pour 250 ml of water with a tablespoon of means, boil for 20 minutes. Broth take a tablespoon 3-4 times a day before meals.
To stop external bleeding, it is recommended to sprinkle the wound with bark powder. This method is also effective for treating boils. When bleeding from the nose a piece of willow bark is recommended to attach to the affected nostril.
To remove warts
One of the most effective means in the fight against warts is salicylic acid. In its natural form, it can just be obtained from the willow bark decoction. Spoon baking dish pour 250 ml of water and boil for 15 minutes. Cool, then apply a cotton pad or piece of gauze soaked in broth to the affected place.
To get rid of warts will help willow bark powder, filled with vinegar. The resulting slurry is applied to the warts in the form of a compress for 15 minutes.
How to apply in home cosmetologyWillow bark is widely used to treat hair. When they fall, you need to wash your head twice a week with a decoction of willow bark and burdock. To prepare the broth, take a tablespoon of ingredients, pour 450 ml of water and keep in a water bath for 20 minutes. After the liquid infuse for about two hours and filter.
Bark decoctions also effectively help to get rid of dandruff, promote hair growth. Two tablespoons of bark need to pour 400 ml of hot boiled water, to insist 20 minutes. Rinse hair with the resulting liquid after washing.
In the formation of ulcers, abscesses, it is recommended to sprinkle the affected area with willow bark powder. To clean the pores and gently peel off horny skin, you can use a mask: pour 150 ml of water with a tablespoon of bark powder and wipe the skin with the mixture.
Due to its beneficial properties, willow bark extract is often used in the manufacture of shampoos, balms, hair masks, emollient creams.
Collection and storage of therapeutic raw materials
Willow bark is harvested in early spring. Separate the bark should be only with the already cut branches. Then the raw material is dried in a sunny, well-ventilated place, either in an oven or dryer. It should be borne in mind that the temperature should not exceed 50 ° C. Curls of raw materials should not get into each other, otherwise the bark will dry out badly, fungi can form on it.When bent, the finished bark should break easily, not spring. Ее наружная сторона обладает грязно-серым или зеленовато-серым окрасом, а внутри должна быть гладкой светло-бежевого цвета с розовым оттенком. Правильно заготовленная кора имеет горьковатый привкус.
Raw materials should be stored in cardboard boxes or wooden boxes, fabric bags in a dry, dark, well-ventilated place, at a temperature of 18-22 degrees. Once a month, containers should be opened for ventilation and checked for the presence of moths and other pests. Harvested bark is suitable for use within four years from the moment of harvesting.
Contraindications to the use of drugs from willow
Funds from willow can not be applied to children under 16 years old, as well as pregnant and lactating. In addition, willow bark is contraindicated for use in the presence of certain diseases, namely:
- increased acidity
- stomach ulcer,
- duodenal ulcer,
- bronchial asthma.
Now you know what willow bark is good for. Recipes based on it are used in traditional medicine since ancient times and have proven their effectiveness more than once. At the same time, before using the products, you must make sure that there are no contraindications to their use.