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Convolvulus in the garden: the struggle with birch, how to get rid of?

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A bindweed propagates with seeds that can germinate even from a depth of 20 cm. The plant has a very extensive root system that goes deep underground.

If the bindweed appeared on the beds, then it should be immediately destroyed, otherwise in the hot summer it will simply fill all the land allotted for cultivated plants. Weed loom actively wraps around all the plants around it and adversely affects their development. Because of such a weed, garden crops give a bad harvest, lie down on the ground and can completely die. In addition, it dries and depletes the soil, serves as an excellent environment for garden pests.

Weed bind (bindweed, birch, dodder)

Get rid of the loach on the plot

This is a very tenacious weed, which is difficult to bring in the garden the first time. Agronomists recommend using several methods to combat it at the same time in order to speed up the process of its destruction:

  • chemical,
  • mechanical destruction
  • use of special agricultural methods,
  • biological,
  • popular methods of struggle.

Only an integrated approach to combating this weed is able to clear the ground from such a plant for a long time.

Chemical processing

When there is a large amount of weed on the plot, we must first treat the weed with herbicides. This should be done during the flowering period of the plant. Best to deal with bindweed help special chemicals for weed control:

They are usually used in the cultivation of abandoned areas. It should be remembered that a single cultivation of the land will not be enough. This is a very tenacious weed, so herbicides have to be applied several times. Preparations are applied to each bindweed bush after harvest in the autumn.

Mechanical destruction

For those who do not want to use herbicides on their own land, you can use environmental disposal methods, such as weeding. It should be noted that the plant has a very long root, from which sprouts may appear. The length of the convolvulus root can reach several meters.

Dug out the roots and the upper part of the birch must be removed from the site, otherwise it will germinate again. Digging a vegetable garden is best done in spring or autumn, carefully removing all the rhizomes of the plant. To use this method of struggle will have to repeatedly to minimize the number of dodder in the garden.

The removed roots and the upper part of the bindweed are better then burned to prevent new shoots.

The leaves and stem of the loach (birch)

Agricultural practices

With the help of special agrotechnical techniques, it is possible without much physical effort to also effectively deal with this weed. To do this, the most clogged areas of land should be covered with dense material:

  • ruberoid,
  • geotextile,
  • old boards
  • film.

Lack of sunlight will not allow the bindweed to develop, and even the most clogged piece of land can be quickly cleared of weed in this way.

Biological methods of struggle

You can deal with birch with the help of other plants with which it can not coexist. For this, mustard, fescue or bluegrass are suitable. It is possible to sow mustard on the beds not only to destroy the dodder, but also to control the pests that inhabit it.

Bindweed loves sour soils

Folk methods of struggle

This weed grows best on acidic soils. Therefore, to combat it, it is possible to alkalize the earth, treating it with ash in the fall and spring. Also for this liming be carried out. But lime can be used only on the soil on which there are still no plantings.

Another effective method of control may be the use of brine, which is processed soil. 10 kg of water is taken 1 kg of salt. The resulting solution is processed soil in places of active weed growth. When using this method of struggle, care must be taken not to spoil the land by too much salt concentration.

In general, for a successful fight against the bindweed, you should use a set of measures that will prevent the new growth of this plant. It should be remembered that only on constantly cultivated land such a weed will not grow. As soon as work on the fight against him is stopped, he again begins to fill the entire territory of the site.

Weed Description

Field bindweed or birch is a perennial climbing plant. It is propagated by seed or root suckers. Outwardly, the weed looks pretty and pretty harmless. His delicate flowers of white or pink color in the form of phonograph pipe. They bloom from May to August. However, it is very difficult to fight with such grass on the beds.

Convolvulus has a well-branched root system. She goes 6 meters deep into the earth. Weed has well-branched stems, spreading along the ground. The length of the stem often reaches 3 meters. He entangles all plantations around, therefore, garden crops become a victim of convolvulus. The further it grows, the more difficult it is to fight it.

This plant is found almost everywhere in Europe and Asia. It prefers to grow in a clearing in the forest and in areas that are poorly handled. Excellent birch grows on sandy and loamy soils. For active growth of a field loach, a good and warm weather is necessary. If the summer was hot, then there will be a lot on the birch site.

After the color appears large the number of seeds germinating from a depth of 20 cm. Weed easily and simply multiplies by self-sowing. Seeds germinate in summer and autumn. They retain their germination for three years. The plant is also dangerous because it accumulates various pests, laying eggs on it.

Ways to fight

Because weed is very prolific, easy to deal with him. Even a small piece, remaining in the ground after weeding, gives life to new processes. Birch has caused great harm to garden and garden plants and soil.

To bring the field bindweed should use the recommendations of experienced gardeners. They use a variety of weed control measures. Among them:

  • agrotechnical techniques
  • biological methods
  • the use of "chemistry"
  • folk methods.

To effectively get rid of the bindweed in the garden, agronomists recommend using all the measures listed in the complex. This will help get rid of weeds..

Agrotechnical receptions

Timely weeding the site will help keep it clean and protect from a large number of weeds. Experienced gardeners advise after weeding to remove all weeds with roots. Very often the remnants can give new life to plants. They take root and start up new processes. It is desirable for this purpose to use a pitchfork to carefully choose the land of the remains of the roots. Forks will leave them intact and not cut into pieces.

Good effect can be achievedusing agrotechnical film or roofing material. To get rid of weeds in the garden apply agrotechnical film of dark color. It will not allow sunlight to break through and limit weed germination. As a result, the convolvulus will die. Some cultures can be planted in the film by making holes in the coating.

Biological method

There are also ways by which you can get rid of weeds without using harmful means. For this, it is necessary to sow the green manure in the area. Such plants after planting pose thick undergrowth and germinate very quickly. Siderats include:

After germination, these plants will create a kind of protective barrier and will not allow the weed to germinate.

The soil mulch will save from a weed grass. As mulch, you must use organic material. These include:

Any of the material poured on a thick layer of soil about 1 year. After this plot should be dug out of the ground and choose the remnants of the roots of the weed.

Chemicals

Not all of the listed control measures help the first time. Herbicides can act quickly. Roundup is one of the most effective and fast-acting drugs. It is necessary to take a bucket of water for 10 liters and dilute 40 to 120 ml of the product in water. The dose will depend on the amount and type of weed. Growing crops in a garden bed should be protected before spraying. They can be covered with plastic or glass containers.

Spray all weed shoots with the solution. Cultural plantings should be protected from a chemical drug, otherwise the plants will die. The drug is very poisonous.. In time after the preparation with the preparation the flowers and shoots of convolvulus will begin to wither. Then the weeds will die, however, they should not be removed immediately. It is necessary to wait until the remedy completely destroys the root system of the weed. The first signs of dying off of the roots occur 3-4 days after treatment. Clean the beds with weeds is desirable after 10-14 days.

During processing it is necessary to be careful, to put on gloves. If the tool is not fully used, then the remnants are drained away from the garden.

Some of the popular and effective means of weed control are also Hurricane and Tornado. Using any of them , you should carefully read the instructions for use and only then, observing the dosage and precautions to proceed with treatment. Experts recommend such measures to combat weeds spend spring or late summer.

With bindweed in the garden It is not easy to handle, because such a thing requires time and effort. However, after processing it will be possible to collect a good harvest of fruits. In the future, it remains only to monitor the beds and not to give the bindweed to grow again.

The pest is not selective, destroys everything, this is the main difficulty - you do not know where to wait for it.

By the way, weed is resistant to weeding, so this method is powerless. But for most weeds, this is a real threat. He is enduring, incredibly prolific, and he has nothing to do with changing climatic conditions. Its roots grow from three meters long. Twisting the plants with their foliage, they not only clutter them, but also impede growth, and then do not allow them to form properly.

It is very difficult to fight with the bind in the season of active plantings, so it must always be done in advance, otherwise it will be too late. Yes, the fight against this weed takes a lot of time and effort, which is always lacking, but there is no other choice.

How to fight in the garden

In determining the methods of struggle, it is always necessary to divide them into groups:

  • Chemical methods. The soil is treated with various chemical compounds (herbicides and others). Not particularly loved among gardeners, as there is a chance of increasing the toxicity of the soil. In addition, after treatment with some drugs, planting any landings on the site is simply prohibited.
  • Folk ways. Production of various fluids, mixtures of their hands from scrap ingredients. Gardeners prefer the most is this kind, because they believe in the natural composition. However, this method does not possess the efficiency that the first one possesses.
  • Mechanical methods. This is a method where all the emphasis is on your physical strength. Usually, these are some kind of mechanical operations. There is no need to cook something, cultivate the land or mix the ingredients that are in the fridge. It should be mentioned that mechanical methods are one of the most effective ways to combat this particular pest. We will start with them.

Mechanical methods

  • Digging the soil. Yes, this method is not as effective as it could be if it were about other weeds. However, if you dig all the soil deeply and at the same time carefully pull out even the smallest roots - the effect will be noticeable. But this method requires a huge amount of time.

Because if you miss the smallest loach, be sure that it will grow again a little later. Pulling out the roots with your own hands. Again, the process is dreary, it requires a lot of physical training, hard work and a lot of time.

Do not forget that you need to pull out without removing the stems / flowers from the roots, and the whole root, including the part that goes deep underground. Your task is not to leave the slightest root capable of reproducing lost flowers in the future (and even a tiny root can do this). Long term processing.

It is necessary to do this in the fall, in the spring, ever the harvest is completely harvested, or there is still a whole season before planting. To do this, you will need a black dense film (easy to find in a building materials store). Then cover this film with soil for several months. Warming up under the sun, the weeds begin to crawl out.

The leaves become loose, the root system as a whole weakens and the bindweed dies. Of course, this manipulation requires a long period of time, but it is famous for its efficiency.

Chemical methods

  • Roundup. Herbicide produced in liquid form. The price reaches 350 rubles for 140 milliliters. This is a universal drug and this is its main plus, because after the destruction of the convolvulus, if other weeds go - you will not have to buy an additional tool.

This is one of the safest herbicides in the world! Does not possess soil activity. It is sucked into the weed in 5-6 hours, then it begins an active influence and in a week you will notice the initial result (change in the shape of the leaves, the flowers wilt), and in 2-3 weeks the weed dies.

Tornado. Another liquid herbicide. 1 liter costs about 600 rubles, the price for 10 liters exceeds 6 thousand rubles. Enough expensive chemicals, but buyers say it a short time defeat. The herbicide effect on weeds through the leaves, getting to the root system.

Manufacturer declared as a continuous action herbicide. Also universal.

How to process?

To begin with, it is necessary to dilute the chemical exactly in proportion with water or other liquid as indicated in the instructions. Then you can do in two ways.

Either spray the mixture using a spray gun, or manually apply the herbicide on the weeds.

The second option will be a little safer, since spraying can lead to the fact that the chemical gets on the cultivated plants, instead of weeds.

Some resort to another trick: combine mechanical and chemical methods. Everything also covers the soil with a black dense film, but only before that weeds are treated with chemicals. The only negative is that later on this season nothing will grow for some season. Therefore, this is a big omission. But then all the weeds will be destroyed.

When processing do not forget about the chemical protection, the drug should not fall on the open skin, mucous membranes. Couples must not be inhaled. If the chemical is swallowed, immediately induce vomiting and call an ambulance.

Prevention

Of course, preventive measures play an important role in weed control. One of them is the treatment of fertilizers with a high content of iron. In addition, do not forget to regularly inspect the site.

After the end of the season and before it starts, pay great attention to digging the soil. Carefully check was brought from the soil fertilizer.

Since most of the weeds fall on the plot is the nomadic way.

Plant description

A birch (field bindweed) is a perennial herbaceous plant that belongs to the family of Convolvulaceae. Also, the plants are called by other names, for example, dodder, loach, almond grass and others. There is a weed on all continents. It was first discovered in America, Asia, Western Europe and North Africa.

In appearance, the birch tree looks like a beautiful climbing plant. It has a thin creeping stem, which may be bare or slightly covered with small hairs. The length of the stem can reach 1-1.2 m. Sometimes weeds are found from longer stems - up to 1.5 m. The leaves located on long cups have a triangular shape.

Convolvulus flowers are rather large, white, pink, sometimes purple or blue. The shape of the flower itself resembles a funnel or bell. One peduncle contains 1-3 flower buds. Weave weaving occurs from April until the first cold weather. Field bindweed is endowed with quite a strong root system. Its roots reach 2.5-3 m, and sometimes they germinate to a depth of 6 m.

Propagated by plant root shoots or seeds. Many gardeners, having got rid of the stems, mistakenly believe that they destroyed the plant itself completely. However, from the root suckers left in the soil, after some time weeds will re-emerge.

Birch: harm and benefit

Although the birch tree is considered to be weeds, many people use it to treat various ailments. For example, liver diseases, asthma, bronchitis, edema, rashes of various origins, hemorrhages and lichen are treated with decoctions of leaves and stems. The substances that make up the plant help prevent mold.

Cultivated plants that grow near the birch are less likely to undergo fungal diseases. Shredded plant stems are often used as mulch in the garden. The mulching procedure allows not only to preserve the soil structure and its moisture, but I am a kind of disinfectant.

Однако для культурных насаждений берёзка представляет огромную проблему. Immediately after the snow falls, the weed begins to germinate and cover the surface of the soil, thereby hindering the growth and development of vegetables or cereals. The birch tree creates a shade for crops, twists around itself weak sprouts of cultivated plants, drowning out their growth and gradually leading to death.

Convolvulus grows on different soils and in different regions. Most often it occurs when growing cereals. And if you do not fight with him, you can lose almost half of the crop. In addition, the quality of the harvested grain will also significantly deteriorate.

How to deal with weed birch in the garden?

Methods of dealing with birch can be mechanical or chemical. Each gardener chooses for himself the most suitable method, and some combine them. In this case, an important factor is the area in which the weed has grown, because the effectiveness of some procedures depends on the size of the cultivated area:

  1. The most common mechanical method of dealing with bindweed is regular weeding. However, it should not be forgotten that the weed removed in the spring may soon continue its growth, since nutrients will remain in its roots, from which the ground part takes strength. Therefore, weeding is best done in the period when the weed has already formed the ovary, because the main forces went to its reproduction. In such cases, the plucked plant is depleted, because of this, its roots may not survive wintering.
  2. Many gardeners use a flat cutter to deal with birch in the garden. This is quite time-consuming work and it should be carried out no less than once a week. However, this is really the real way to completely remove weed from your plot.
  3. There is another method of struggle, which is to cover a piece of land with an opaque material. Usually it is used on considerably littered fields, and roofing material or black film is used as a material. Thanks to this method, the weed loses the ability to grow, and its vegetation stops completely. Shelter must be left for the entire season. In this case, the birch will not have a single chance for further distribution.
  4. Some farmers use another way to remove the weed birch, - mulching the soil. With it, you can not only destroy the bindweed, but also feed cultural plantings. Mulch should be scattered with a layer of at least 15 cm, otherwise the plant will easily overcome the barrier.

All mechanical methods, as compared with chemical methods, are considered more laborious and time consuming. And one-time processing will not give any result. Due to the rapid growth and reproduction of birch is considered a serious opponent. And if the ability to cultivate the soil from weeds is regularly absent, then it is better to use other methods of control.

How to get rid of weed birch in the garden by chemical methods?

The most famous chemical used to combat birch, is considered common table salt. To prepare the solution, about 1.2-1.3 kg of salt should be dissolved in a bucket of water.

Spraying should be carried out in areas of the most abundant weed. However, using this method too often is undesirable, since it is very difficult to remove excess salt from the soil, and to grow any cultivated plant on saline soils is problematic.

The area overgrown with dodder can be sprayed with any herbicide intended for weed control. The most common and effective of them is Roundup and Tornado.

Two weeks after treatment with these preparations, not only the leaves and other green areas of the birch die, but also the roots. In most cases, the treatment must be repeated, after a year - too deep and a developed root system may allow the weed to climb again.

Many gardeners are trying to get rid of birch in other ways, because the cleanliness of the soil after being treated with "chemistry" causes many questions, despite the fact that manufacturers claim that the complete decomposition of drugs in the ground occurs within a month.

Fight against birch biological methods

The biological method of dealing with dodder is to plant siderats or perennial grasses, such as fescue or bluegrass, which are capable of forming dense sod. Although a birch tree is a powerful enough weed, its strength is not enough to break through such a barrier. Good results can be achieved after sowing mustard or rye, which is usually used after harvesting early potatoes.

To limit the spread of birch, you can perform the procedure of surface composting or ordinary soil mulching with organic matter, with a thick layer to cover the beds. This can be done with chopped straw, sawdust or any other bulk material that fits tightly on the ground.

How to deal with a weed birch, every gardener decides for himself, but it must be destroyed. After all, if it clogs the plot uncontrollably, it will be very difficult to get rid of it, and it is almost impossible to get a good harvest.

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