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Rules for keeping laying hens in winter

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For those who keep chickens on the farm year-round, the question of their safe wintering is very important. In order for all birds to survive the winter cold without damage, it is important for the farmer to create optimal temperature and light conditions, as well as to ensure a full-fledged diet for all members of the flock - more about this in the article.

In the hen house

The minimum allowable temperature in the house should not be below + 15 ° C. In such conditions, chickens can still lay eggs, but their productivity indicators will be significantly worse than normal. If the temperature falls below not only productivity, but also the health of the hens will suffer greatly.

When can walk

Experts in the field of breeding poultry believe that well-fed and healthy chickens are not afraid of the cold. If all the comfortable conditions are created in the hen house, they will come out with pleasure and walk, even at a frost of –10 ° C.

It is also important to clean the place for walking from the snow so that the birds do not freeze their paws, make a shelter from precipitation, prevent strong winds and drafts. It would not be superfluous to install a bath with ashes or sand for dry bathing, as well as a small feeder so that the chickens can refresh themselves during the walk.

Preparing a chicken coop for winter cold

To keep the house temperature at the right level, the room must be properly prepared for the cold. This should be done as soon as the first frost began.

The first step in the insulation process is the selection of a suitable material. The most common are:

  • penoplex,
  • Styrofoam,
  • mineral wool,
  • foil penofol.
The latter option is more budgetary, but they all have the same function - they retain heat indoors. Which material to choose is a purely individual decision, since their main difference is only in structure.

The process of insulation itself goes through several stages:

  1. Warming the floor. The litter layer on the floor can be of various organic materials. Straw, hay, peat, moss, sawdust and wood shavings are used for these purposes: they are best suited for floor insulation, are safe, affordable, and after use can be used as fertilizer on the site. The thickness of the layer should be at least 20 cm. As the material coalesces, 5-10 cm of filler should be added. Full replacement of insulation is carried out at the end of the season.
  2. Wall insulation Outside walls are insulated with foam blocks, and over with plastic sheets or slate. If the climate of the birds is harsh, then foam blocks can be sheathed inside the room.
  3. Warming of the roof and ceiling. As for the roof, there are no special requirements. It is important that there are no cracks and breaks in it. If there is an attic above the house, it is advised to lay it with a thick layer of straw.
  4. Insulation of doors and windows. Doors and windows should not let air through and create drafts. To do this, it is enough to veil them with old, dense bedspreads or blankets (if necessary in several layers).

Additional lighting

Reducing the duration of daylight directly affects the egg production of chickens. If during the cold period of the year there is no additional lighting in the house, the productivity of the birds will be minimal or even zero.

When organizing additional coverage, you must adhere to some important rules:

  1. To increase the daylight inside the chicken coop, you can use LED, fluorescent or ordinary household incandescent bulbs.
  2. With excessive lighting, birds become restless and fight more, so it is important not to overdo it in organizing winter lighting. On 10 square meters of the room will be enough one bulb 60 watts.
  3. The light bulb is best installed under the ceiling in the area with feeders - this will create the most comfortable conditions for chickens.
  4. It is necessary to turn on the lighting in the morning (at 5–6 hours) and turn it off with the onset of a full day light. In the evening, as soon as it begins to get dark, you can turn on the lamp again and keep it running until 8–9 in the evening. This process can be greatly facilitated by purchasing a time timer at the hardware store, which itself will turn the lighting on and off according to a predetermined schedule.

Lighting system in the hen house: video

Balanced nutrition for laying hens in winter

Proper nutrition in the required amount greatly affects the productive performance of poultry. Therefore, in winter it is important to plan the diet of chickens based on a number of rules:

  1. In the summer, it is necessary to dry various herbs (nettle, clover, chicken millet), tie the blanks into small bunches and hang them not high above the floor.
  2. Add to the diet of chicken boiled root vegetables (beets, zucchini, carrots, potatoes, pumpkin).
  3. Prepare special mixers, which include crushed eggshell, bone or fish meal, bran, sunflower oilcake. Such an additive will provide the birds with all the missing substances.
  4. As a source of additional protein and calcium in the diet, bloodworms or worms can be added to food.
  5. In separate tanks in the house should be chalk, small gravel, crushed shells.
  6. Water for drinking in winter should be heated to room temperature.

How to make feed for layers in the winter: video

Having created all the necessary conditions in the poultry house, as well as adjusting the poultry ration, you can achieve quite good productive indicators and get high-quality eggs even in the winter period. The main thing is to follow simple and few rules, and then the birds will be healthy and satisfied.

I live in the north of Moscow region. To represent those who do not know - a temperature of -25 is quite normal for winter. There are many birds, not only chickens. Of course, I keep valuable breeds in closed pavilions with all the conditions for temperature and other parameters, but I do not limit an ordinary bird in any way. There is a chicken coop, it is worth thermo-automatics, whose task is to keep the temperature on the floor no lower than +5. Everything. 4x5 chicken coop, around the 10mm polycarbonate pavilion. Nearby are just sheds without insulation, just closed from the draft. I never close Lazy, that is, the bird itself goes where it likes.

In winter, chickens rush exclusively in the hen house, although in summer they prefer nests in barns. And some chickens spend the night for some reason in barns, even in cold weather. There is no loss, so probably I will not agree that the bird should always be above zero temperature.

:) Roosters need to be caught, smeared with crests of goose fat so that they do not freeze their beauty.

Catering

Preparation begin long before the cold snap. Make a list of what you need to keep chickens in winter:

  • comfortable conditions that will not affect the change of life,
  • good nutrition,
  • dry room with warm flooring,
  • additional lighting.

In winter, livestock is reduced. Leave only healthy, hardy individuals who have retained their productive qualities. At this time it is necessary to increase the supply of nutrients. Fed up to 3-4 times a day.

High-quality supplementation, enriched with fiber, allows the body of the hen to produce the optimal amount of energy needed to heat the body.

in order to organize the full maintenance of chickens in the winter at home, the diet should contain:

  • wet cereals from cereals,
  • boiled root vegetables,
  • pumpkin,
  • grass hay, mainly deciduous plants,
  • sunflower seed and cake,
  • fish and meat and bone meal,
  • for broilers use special chicken feed, adapted for age.

The winter maintenance of laying hens involves careful miscalculations of the diet. Excess feed leads to obesity and reduces egg production. One bird requires 150 g of feed per day. To feed the chickens in winter you need fresh water at room temperature.

It is assumed the introduction of the diet of fish oil. Adults give 2.5 ml / day. the course is 10-20 days. Fish oil continues to be given throughout the winter period with an interval of one month.

Housing preparation

It is possible to keep chickens in the winter in a polycarbonate greenhouse, and a small herd can be transferred to a glazed balcony or loggia.

The house should be warmed in advance. Preparing the room in which the chickens will live includes the following steps:

  • high-quality cleaning and disinfection of the room,
  • checking the functionality of the ventilation system,
  • equipment repair in the hen house,
  • wall and floor insulation,
  • organization of additional lighting.

Winter maintenance of domestic chickens is carried out at a temperature of 10-18. A decrease or increase in this indicator causes disease and decreases egg production.

so that the temperature always remains at the optimum level, install 2-3 thermometers in convenient places and monitor the indicators several times a day. If there is a risk of severe cooling in the house, it is worthwhile to install additional instruments for heating that are safe for layers.

Chicken health is affected not only by temperature, but also by humidity. The optimal rate is 70%. In winter, nests and poles should not be located below 60 cm from the floor.

Light day in the winter time is shortened. Light day for laying hens in winter is 13 hours. Each square meter will require 5 watts of extra light from fluorescent lamps. It is necessary to turn on the light at the same time in order to develop a reflex in the hens.

Caring for chickens in winter involves flooring warming by laying warm bedding. In this regard, straw, hay, sawdust will work well. It serves as an additional source of heat. The top layer as you get wet change daily. Litter, reacting with litter, produces additional heat. To avoid mold, the lower layers of the litter are turned every 3 days with a fork.

In winter, chickens are kept at a temperature of 10-18

Organization of wintering without a major hen house

Depending on what temperature chickens withstand, you can organize their content in polycarbonate greenhouses. Vacant greenhouse in the country - the best option for wintering. To do this, you need to hold a number of arrangements for the arrangement:

  • clean the room
  • strengthen the walls and protect the housing from the draft,
  • organize the vent output
  • lay the litter
  • set perches, nests.

In the absence of a warm room, chickens are kept in the garage in winter. The summer house is transferred to the garage room and additional lighting is arranged there, and the floor is warmed.

Growing chickens in cages provides more benefits than walking. Cells have tiers. Each bird accounts for 100 cm2 area. This option is most appropriate if the wintering of domestic chickens is planned in a polycarbonate greenhouse.

Advantages of the method of cell content:

  • poultry health monitoring
  • feed safety from spreading,
  • the possibility of organizing a full lighting and heating for all individuals at the same time.

Additional heating

A chicken hen needs additional heating in winter. It is better to give preference to IR lamps. One such device makes it possible to heat 1-12 m2. It warms not the airspace, but objects on which the rays fall. In addition, the infrared lamp dries the litter, which allows to vary the humidity.

Another advantage of this device is the ability to keep the lights on around the clock. It is not too bright, has a calming effect on the nervous system of chickens and does not burn oxygen. Using a burger was another way to warm the territory. It is more suitable for capital poultry houses in which chickens are kept in cages (there is a high risk of injury when there is a stint).

Wintering chickens in a greenhouse involves the installation of heating equipment. For large-sized chicken coops fit diesel furnaces. They do not smoke and are equipped with different power modes, which are set depending on the area of ​​the territory. With such devices it is possible to organize the breeding of chickens in incubators, even in winter.

Walking area

Wintering laying hens includes the organization of walking. Chickens tolerate temperatures up to -10 ℃. If this indicator drops, it is better not to let the bird out into the street so that it does not freeze the legs. If you notice that the birds are lame, do not let them walk.

Vigilant territory should be prepared so that the hens of the hens, while being kept in winter, have the opportunity to perform a full-fledged exercise. The place is cleaned and sprinkled with hay or sawdust. in winter, there should be no snow in the free-land area. It is better to take the birds out on sunny days for no more than 2 hours.

Increased productivity in cold

As soon as the birds have molted and the feathers change, you can begin to organize the care of chickens in the winter, which increases egg production. layers start laying less eggs, because the instinct of procreation in them works in the spring. Arrangement of artificial spring will help preserve egg production.

In winter, laying hens are best kept in a warm room, where the air temperature does not fall below 15. This will help increase productivity by 40%. chickens in the cabin at home light up no more than 14 hours. The maintenance of chickens in the winter with a longer dosochivanii reduces life expectancy. In some cases, extended daylight hours lead to premature molting. Then the chickens completely lose their ability to lay eggs and die 1-2 years earlier.

Wintering domestic chickens without loss of productive qualities is possible when installing a special device - a rheostat that controls the brightness of the lighting. This will allow time to send the bird to sleep before dark. Special sensors vary the light from yellow to orange and to night lighting.

Another way to increase productivity - fattening greens. The option is suitable for those who have a winter greenhouse. You can sow grass and feed it year-round chickens. The method of feeding gives an increase in egg production by almost 50%.

Reduce livestock to 1 chicken per sq.m. square Chickens do not carry well when crowded and more often die from diseases. For laying eggs, they need privacy, and with a large population of people it is difficult to achieve.

P The first step - insulation of the room.

In order for the chickens to fly in the winter, you need to minimize the negative impact of natural factors. In other words - to constantly maintain a stable air temperature in the hen house, use additional lighting and ensure a high-quality diet.

The room for winter birds should not have cracks into which cold air will penetrate. Therefore, carefully seal them, tightly close all the manholes, and on the floor, build a bed of straw, dry sawdust, coconut fiber or peat. When the first layer is drowned, lay a new one. So you need to make several layers. This will be enough to ensure that in winter the temperature of the air in the chicken coop reaches 12 ° C - 18 ° C. At this temperature, the chickens feel quite comfortable and continue to trot.

If the winter was completely frosty, then install additional heaters. In this case, it is imperative to ensure that fresh air enters the poultry house, and the poles on which the chickens are sleeping should be at a height of at least 60 cm from the floor.

The temperature in the chicken coop should not exceed 18 ° C, and the humidity - 70%. With low air temperature - 5 ° C, productivity decreases by 15%, with too high - up to 30 ° C - by 30%.

W Step Two - lighting

The greatest egg production in laying hens falls on the period when the daylight hours are between 14-18 hours. To achieve such a result when keeping chickens in winter, you need to artificially increase the daylight hours by installing additional lighting in the hen house. Use only fluorescent fluorescent lamps, conventional incandescent bulbs will not give the desired effect. It is necessary to arrange lamps so that hens could not damage them.

Usually, lighting is included from 6.00 am and until 9.00 am, and from about 17.00 until 20.00-20.30 pm.

The hens are very susceptible to stress, so if there are interruptions in power supply in your area, then you need to install a backup power plant that will provide uninterrupted power supply.

Otherwise, the chickens will cease to sweep and even begin to fade in the midst of winter.

N Proper nutrition of layers in winter.

From nutrition depends on both the physical condition of the bird and its egg production. In the autumn-winter period, chickens require more thorough care, so even before the onset of cold weather, take care not only of the equipment of the house, but also of feed.

In the summer, prepare dried grass: nettles, clover, chicken millet, mouse peas. In winter, bundles of these herbs should be hung in a hen house not too high from the floor so that chickens can reach them freely.

The largest percentage in the ration of laying hens is in grain crops: wheat, barley, or corn. Grain needs to be crushed before feeding. You can give germinated grain.

In addition to cereals, in the poultry diet should be and roots - pumpkin, carrots, beets, zucchini, potatoes. Его лучше давать в отварном виде.

Недостаток зелени восполняют добавлением в корм витамина D. Необходимая подкормка – так называемые мешанки. Приготовление их несложно. Просто смешиваются отруби, яичная скорлупа, обязательно добавляется костная или рыбная мука, подсолнечный жмых. Мешанки обеспечат несушек всеми необходимыми витаминами и микроэлементами.

Мешанки нельзя давать курам в вечернее время. They feed the birds in the morning and at lunchtime.

Not bad, if you can add bloodworms or worms to the diet. They will provide layers with protein and calcium.

If the eggshell eggs are soft, this means a lack of calcium. In this case, increase the content of this mineral in the avian diet.

In separate tanks in the house should be crushed shells, chalk, small gravel and pebbles. Be sure to have drinking water. In winter, the water needs a little warm. Make sure that the drinkers are always clean.

H Some tips

Keeping chickens in the winter and taking care of them requires constant attention. Violation of temperature, unbalanced diet, lack of lighting - all these factors affect egg production. In order for the chickens to fly well, take note of a few more tips:

  • Make sure the litter on the litter is not caked. To do this, make the chickens rake the litter as intensively as possible. This will help the grain or the addition of vitamin B6 or B In the cold season, the bird lacks it, so it will be hard to look for him. If the litter still falls down, then periodically loosen it with a rake.
  • In case of small frosts, chickens can be let out for walking. It is better to fence the place of walking with wooden fences, using reeds, brushwood or straw. Also worth taking care of the canopy. There should be a litter on the ground, the same as in the hen house itself.
  • In place of walking place trays of ash and sand. They must be dry.
  • In the transition from autumn to winter, the length of daylight should be increased gradually, and gradually it should be reduced closer to spring.
  • Collect eggs in time. A delay in their collection can cause the hens to start pecking at the shell.
  • At night, chickens are better to give whole grains. It is very high in calories, and the process of digestion will not allow the bird to freeze at night.
  • In winter, the house should be more often cleaned to prevent the emergence and reproduction of bacteria and germs.

We hope that our article has helped you to understand what kind of care the hens require in the winter time and how to provide them with a comfortable wintering. Having done everything in accordance with our recommendations, you will certainly get an excellent result, and your chickens will be born throughout the long winter months.

П At what temperature chickens can winter

Hello. At what temperature can chickens spend the winter? It turned out that I wanted to play in the bird house in the summer; my husband built a beautiful 2 * 4 house with a vestibule. Wall lining - polyfoam - lining. I never thought it would go further: buying an incubator, studying a breed, studying veterinary medicine, etc. Now I am afraid that the hen house will be as many degrees as on -30 street. Share your experience. How to warm, how to warm, what?

If you want the chickens to stably ride, the temperature should not be below +15 and the light should be turned on an additional 12-14 hrs. If you just overwinter, then around 0. This also depends on the breed, chickens with large scallops can freeze it in extreme cold . Scallops can be greased.

You can heat a small chicken coop with a red lamp, an IR panel, a fan heater, a small stove, such as a stove.

It depends on the temperature in the chicken coop. If you additionally provide the cells with bulbs and heat them, then you can.

This year I took broilers in the middle of March, in early April I transferred cells to sarae. The cells were closed on three sides, the walls were upholstered with foil insulation, each cell had 2 bulbs (for 25 chickens). Nobody froze. But I warm, timbered barn, where in addition to chickens, still contains a horse, a cow and a goat.

All winter bird loves snow. From the snow they have nothing bad will happen. In winter cold water will not be open for a long time, it will turn into ice. In winter, the bird quenches thirst well with snow.

Of course, if your Petka is a good family man, he saddles chickens. A sign that chickens are covered and there are dirty backs of chickens, the roosters themselves are clean, well-groomed.

Heat does not keep the polluted down, the inner layers of the feather, which if clean and keep the heat on the principle of a thermos.

all February will live in the apartment.

I am a beginner poultry breeder, and for the first time in my life I brought out broilers this spring, I kept them in boxes in an apartment for a few days (they could not immediately transport them to the village), for the first two days nothing was small and then

the stench is terrible even though the sawdust is constantly changing, well, the horror is shorter (I certainly had 130pcs, but I still have to look)

room 2 by 2, the ceiling is 2 meters. Guinea fowl 4 pcs., Rooster 2 pcs., Chicken 6 pcs. Is one red lamp ok? Will Golose Survive?

We have the same room in the hen house. You do not have enough red lamp, even when turned on at full power, checked. If the chickens are sitting "head in the shoulders," chafing, frozen eggs, water with ice, then they do not live, but survive - mockery! Hang a convector on the wall (more than economical in terms of electricity consumption and heat / moisture protection) and set the temperature to + 7-10, close and warm the hole. Nothing will happen to them in 2-3 months without walking. Everyone will be healthy and they will say thanks :) And drink normal water in the 21st century, there are so many different drinking bowls and branded and improvised ones that are not expensive (the same 5-liter bottles), why are you going to water them with snow? They peck him out of interest, like all white. Give them foam, in a minute there will be nothing left.

Do not put anything on the floor - everything is dying, casting. Hang the food / water or place it on a stand at chest level - everything will be clean and no diseases.

Who keeps the chickens at home and suffers from the smell: If there is no plastic brooder, then at least put the met.setku on a couple of bars in the same box and the question will disappear. Chicks clean and contented. We always keep ducklings, bram, turkeys in the apartment, then we transport to the dacha and no problems.

room 2 by 2, the ceiling is 2 meters. Guinea fowl 4 pcs., Rooster 2 pcs., Chicken 6 pcs. Is one red lamp ok? Will Golose Survive?

We have the same room in the hen house. You do not have enough red lamp, even when turned on at full power, checked. If the chickens are sitting "head in the shoulders," chafing, frozen eggs, water with ice, then they do not live, but survive - mockery! Hang a convector on the wall (more than economical in terms of electricity consumption and heat / moisture protection) and set the temperature to + 7-10, close and warm the hole. Nothing will happen to them in 2-3 months without walking. Everyone will be healthy and they will say thanks :) And drink normal water in the 21st century, there are so many different drinking bowls and branded and improvised ones that are not expensive (the same 5-liter bottles), why are you going to water them with snow? They peck him out of interest, like all white. Give them foam, in a minute there will be nothing left.

Do not put anything on the floor - everything is dying, casting. Hang the food / water or place it on a stand at chest level - everything will be clean and no diseases.

Who keeps the chickens at home and suffers from the smell: If there is no plastic brooder, then at least put the met.setku on a couple of bars in the same box and the question will disappear. Chicks clean and contented. We always keep ducklings, bram, turkeys in the apartment, then we transport to the dacha and no problems.

What kind of convector? How many chicks do you keep at home? until what age? What month are you laying eggs?

on the street were around the clock, because the barn was not completed from above in bad weather covered with a banner, they hid from the sun if they wanted (half of the net cover - half of the banner) and at night completely covered the lamp inside for warming up. I repeat that they kept it this way because there was no place to translate, and when the barn was finished, then of course there were some pictures

Tonight it was -3 outside, and in the hen house +3. It rises to + 10 in the afternoon. They rush every day, the roosters grow fat. But they are very opposed to the fact that I closed them and did not let them out onto the street. I can not understand what they do during the day: in the morning I will come, I will pour water, I will fill the grain, I will correct the nest. In the evening I come: as Mamai walked - the nests are turned upside down, the feeders are turned upside down, there is no water, and downy feathers on the ceiling. They see me, and they throw me under my feet — they want to go outside.

They will not peck insulation? Foil it on purpose (what is it good for)? explain to the novice. What is the power of IR lamp?

they have been sitting there for several days, they don’t bite, they don’t notice it at all. Foil to reflect the heat. This bunker does not let the wind through. Since it was necessary to make a house in one evening, the heater on the frame replaces the walls and ceiling. Lamp consumes 250W. The only thing I do not know is whether it is possible to burn a lamp around the clock.

Advise, if you take an egg in December, they will hatch in January, they will live in an apartment in February. And in March or in April it is already possible to put them in the coop into the suspended cells?

I have been hatching out autumn quits for several years. Previously, the neighbors frightened me: "Throw off the crochet from the nest! Anyway, the chicks will not survive in the winter!". And nothing like that! When they hatch, I take them into the house, put them in a cardboard box with an "electric mother" (the husband has pushed a wire with a 40W bulb through a polyethylene cover from the can, we put this cover on the three-liter can and plug it into the net, we can wrap the can with a clean rag to make it easier for the chicks to cuddle and the light is not so hit the eyes). Chickens grow for themselves, only the box has to be periodically replaced with a larger one. How to lean - starting to periodically turn off the light. Then I start to accustom to the cold - to carry it out for a while on an unheated veranda. The duration of stay in the cold gradually increase. And in the end I relocate to the hen house. It is insulated, but not heated. Chickens warm themselves. There were frosts and minus 30. All chickens survived, all chickens grew.

In short, do not be afraid of the cold. The main thing - to teach him a little.

Do not strain the whole winter chick at home to keep?

So they live in my house for about a month and a half. And then they move to the hen house.

To keep the house a bit stressful, but this is mainly due to the fact that you need to protect the chick from the cats (we have four of them). But we got the hang of it - we cover the box (i.e. the house of the chickens) with a grate on top. Cats watch - watch, and "tsap-scratch" can not do.

Chicks chirping like parrots, swarming, metushatsya (right "Brownian motion"). Cool, fun!

It is necessary only to change the garbage, which we use as bedding, to be changed more often, so that there is no smell.

Two convectors set at +10 on average for the winter period eat at 600-800rub / month. (3.90-4.50р / kW). This is despite the fact that the price of electricity is quite high, because This cottage + includes in the cost of any loss of electric energy throughout the village. Poultry house skeleton, all insulated, incl. roof and floor. Laz we warm and close for the winter.

They will not peck insulation? Foil it on purpose (what is it good for)? explain to the novice. What is the power of IR lamp?

they have been sitting there for several days, they don’t bite, they don’t notice it at all. Foil to reflect the heat. This bunker does not let the wind through. Since it was necessary to make a house in one evening, the heater on the frame replaces the walls and ceiling. Lamp consumes 250W. The only thing I do not know is whether it is possible to burn a lamp around the clock.

You can burn the lamp around the clock, I burned for a month, then I decided that it was not economical and turned it on through the thermostat from the heated floor, it began to turn on only when the temperature was below the required one. But still, I didn’t have enough of such a lamp to heat a chicken coop, I took off the lamp and hung Izhevsk infrared heater (2,000 rubles, 0.8 kW), also through the thermostat - enough is enough.

room 2 by 2, the ceiling is 2 meters. Guinea fowl 4 pcs., Rooster 2 pcs., Chicken 6 pcs. Is one red lamp ok? Will Golose Survive?

We have the same room in the hen house. You do not have enough red lamp, even when turned on at full power, checked. If the chickens are sitting "head in the shoulders," chafing, frozen eggs, water with ice, then they do not live, but survive - mockery! Hang a convector on the wall (more than economical in terms of electricity consumption and heat / moisture protection) and set the temperature to + 7-10, close and warm the hole.

Hello, experienced poultry farmers! I have a question: a premise of approximately 6 sq.m. On this room is one IR lamp 250 W, temperature +10, the lamp is lit around the clock. There are no eggs. Week as moved from the summer hen house, maybe they have stress? Can it be dark with this lamp and the light should be further brighter? Why do not they rush?

P Solution

It is possible to improve the conditions of chickens by deciding how to heat the chicken coop in winter. This can be done by maintaining a certain air temperature. However, it is also important to carry out heat insulation work, for this the litter is made on the floor, the ceiling and walls are insulated, and artificial heating is installed.

As materials for litter you can use:

  • sawdust
  • peat,
  • chopped straw,
  • corn sticks.

Slaked lime is poured onto the dry and cleaned base, which will require 1 kg per square meter. After laying the litter material, a layer which can vary from 5 to 10 cm. As soon as you notice that the sprinkling is compacted, you need to add fresh material. This natural heating is effective, but requires regular loosening.

To an integrated approach

In order that heat does not leak, it is necessary to make insulation of the ceiling and walls. In the role of insulating materials used mineral wool and roofing material, which are placed on the ceiling. Polyfoam and mineral wool can be used for walls, but for window and door openings suitable plastic film, fabric materials, and even a blanket. Building a chicken coop inside necessarily involves heating in the winter, only in this case, you can be sure that the bird will be carried all year round. To do this, you can use diesel stoves, heating radiators, stoves, stoves, infrared lamps and brick structures.

Many owners of chicken coops are wondering whether there is a need to insulate the ceiling and walls when there is a heating system. Specialists answer unequivocally: “Yes!” Natural insulation can solve two important problems, which are to prevent drafts and create barriers for precipitation.

And Using Infrared Lamps

When the warming of the chicken coop has been completed, you can take care of the availability of additional equipment. As it can act as infrared lamps. They are a simplified heating option. This method is very common today compared to other electric heaters. This is due to the fact that the lamp for heating the coop is characterized by high efficiency and efficiency. The advantages can also be attributed to:

  • uniform distribution of thermal energy in the room,
  • long operational period
  • the ability to create optimal humidity
  • lack of disease in poultry.

It is very easy to install such devices, as well as to replace them if necessary. The lamp for heating the chicken coop consumes the minimum amount of oxygen, and also reduces the consumption of feed, because growing broiler chickens is accelerating. If you decide to choose such an infrared device, it is best to pay attention to the manufacturer Philips and Osram. The last of these manufacturers is located in Germany and manufactures infrared lamps, which have transparent capsular flasks with mirror elements. Such devices can be installed by removing 1 m or less from the consumer. This completely eliminates overheating.

In the choice of company

If you are thinking about the question of how best to heat a chicken coop in winter, you may prefer incandescent bulbs from the manufacturer Philips, which can be red or transparent. The first are the most popular, they have a capsule form and are made of tempered glass. In infrared lamps of this type, you can adjust the brightness of the light flux. On the market you can find products of infrared heaters of Russian specialists, among them infrared reflector lamps, which have a transparent or red bulb. The main advantage of such devices is a long service life, which reaches 5000 hours.

Why choose infrared heaters

The device of the chicken coop inside certainly involves the installation of heaters. They may be infrared. They are very comfortable to use and heat not the air, but the surrounding objects. This ensures the preservation of heat inside the room. According to the laws of physics, warm air rises. Even if each gap is well blocked, the warm air will find a loophole and leak out. Among other things, in the ceiling are usually made vents, which will leave the air. While the surrounding objects, which will give heat to the heater, will not go anywhere. After they begin to give heat to the space.

Infrared heaters are also convenient because they can be fixed on the ceiling where birds cannot reach and get burned. In order for the temperature in the chicken coop to be maintained at a certain level in winter, a heater should be purchased, the power of which does not exceed 500 watts. This is true for small spaces. You can additionally purchase another thermostat with which the optimum temperature is set, it varies within +12 ° C. Как только воздух остынет, обогреватель включится автоматически. Помимо вышеназванных марок, хорошо зарекомендовали себя устройства «БиЛюкс».

Д Дополнительные особенности инфракрасных ламп

The above temperature in a chicken coop in winter can be maintained with infrared lamps, which are quite popular today, for which there are certain reasons. They do not burn air and are able to maintain dryness and necessary moisture. Lamps can be used not only for heating, but also for lighting. According to farmers, such devices have a high efficiency and compact size. With their help, you can get a soft red color that acts on the bird soothingly and promotes productivity, as well as better growth.

Of the wide range presented in stores, you can select the lamp, which are durable, reliable and affordable price. One such lamp, whose power is 250 W, will heat and illuminate a room of 12 m2.

X Features of the Philips BR125 IR infrared lamp

Infrared lamps for a chicken coop are best suited if it is necessary to heat a room of such purpose. The model mentioned in the subtitle will cost the consumer 429 rubles. It is a heating element that can work in difficult conditions as farms, where there are birds and animals. The design is enhanced by the use of tempered glass. The dimensions are compact, the base is universal and allows the use of a lamp with any suitable equipment. Such a device provides heat that does not cause damage to the skin, heats animals and people, and even food. These benefits attract farmers, builders and cooks. If you also think about how to heat a chicken coop in winter, then, of course, it is best to choose infrared heating, which does not have a negative impact on human and animal health. Among other things, it helps to improve the bird's appetite and their rapid growth, increases the body's resistance to infections.

O heating without electricity

Quite often, modern poultry houses are wondering how to heat a chicken coop in winter. If electricity is not supplied to a country house, then alternative methods can be preferred, for example, solid-fuel stoves that are melted by firewood. Such devices heat up quite quickly and are able to retain heat for a long time. Heating of this type will be cheaper compared to gas equipment, the latter of which is relevant only when the farm has grown to the size of a chicken farm.

If you want to use firewood for heating, then you should think about fire safety. All parts of the stoves, which are very hot, must be insulated to prevent burns in the bird. Among other things, the room must be equipped with a good ventilation system and a separate chimney. Before the onset of cold weather should stock up on coal and wood. In the process of melting the furnace, as well as during the combustion of fuel for the design must be monitored, otherwise you may encounter a fire. This threat becomes real when the room is made of wood and the floor is covered with straw. In such premises, the stove can be removed to a special place where a concrete base is arranged and the oven is distant from the walls. If you are faced with the problem of how to heat a chicken coop in winter, you can choose a stove that will not only provide a normal temperature, but also save resources.

In water heating

When infrared lamps for a chicken coop are not suitable for the reason that electricity is not supplied to it, water heating can be preferred. It is relevant if in a residential house the heating is carried out using a water heating boiler. In this case, when building a chicken coop, it is best to join it to a residential building. In the house you need to install pipes on which to allocate the circuit from the heating of the house. The presence of skills and a certain experience will help to establish such heating. As practice shows, this method is the cheapest and practical.

P Preparation for keeping chickens in winter

Preparation for the maintenance of chickens in the winter should begin ahead of time, even on warm autumn days. After all, with the onset of cold weather, birds should already have comfortable conditions so that they continue to lay eggs and please their hosts with a dietary product during the cold season.

The conditions for normal life will not only preserve the egg production of chickens, but also help to avoid diseases and even deaths. If birds receive normal nutrition, warmth and lighting, this will be the key to successfully overcoming difficult conditions in winter, and even some kind of cold will be transferred easily enough.

Do not forget that nature initially in chickens was not laid the ability to lay eggs in the winter in adverse conditions when the temperature is below the "norm", so they need to create the most comfortable environment in order to "deceive" the hens.

It is important to provide several different components at once that will help the birds to spend the winter with comfort. And the fact that they will produce eggs at the same time will be a pleasant “bonus” for the diligent owner for the efforts made.

Winter Feeding Chickens

Immediately it should be said that the feeding of layers in the cold season should be enhanced - this will help them recover the energy spent on fighting cold and drafts from possible gaps even in a carefully warmed hen house. In addition, in the fall, this species of birds begins a period of active egg production, which requires the same active replenishment of the body's resources spent on this process. At this time, the laying hens need different vitamins and trace elements, as well as the optimal temperature in the hen house.

What food is preferred by layers, each owner has long been determined experimentally, and in the cold season it is worth paying attention to all sorts of supplements to your favorite chicken diet. As in the summer, the main dishes of the menu for birds are the combined feed mixtures and all kinds of mash. You need to pay attention to the mash were warm, and as soon as they start to cool or even freeze, uneaten remnants are immediately removed from the room. And in general, it is better to give mash potatoes in the morning and in the daytime, preferring to feed the hens in the evening with some specific grain or mixtures from several cultures. As you know, usually the grain should be pre-crushed for better absorption, but just when evening feeding in the winter you should not do this - digesting the chicken with such a product that contains a large amount of calories helps the birds to warm up.

All the time for chickens should be free access to such types of "food" as gravel and chalk, which help in filling the deficit of trace elements. It is also necessary to replace fresh types of feed, of which there is a huge variety in the warm period. In this situation, the birds like the following fresh feed additives:

  1. Carrot. This root crop provides chickens with vitamins (especially carotene), which increase their egg production.
  2. Potatoes. Frozen potatoes, which are no longer suitable for food, will be enjoyed by poultry, as the starch in the vegetable has been reduced to sucrose by the action of low temperatures.
  3. Squashes. The flesh and seeds of zucchini, which are usually thrown away in the process of cooking to the table, can be frozen. In the winter hen house will be very pleased with such food.

Also, chickens with pleasure poklyuyut beet, girasol, cabbage, turnip, pumpkin. If there is a greenhouse on the plot, you can sometimes please the hens and a small amount of fresh greenery. Otherwise, you need to hang bundles of dried herbs in the chicken coop on the walls (clover, nettle, mouse peas). In winter, birds are sometimes given fish oil, meat waste, chopped worms and bone meal. And in the drinkers should always be fresh water, which must be heated to room temperature, and after cooling or freezing it immediately change.

N Maintaining the temperature in the house in winter

Chickens are quite thermophilic feathered and are often susceptible to colds after a long walk in the snow, being in the wind, draft or drinking chilled water. In the regions of Russia with severe winters, poultry farmers are forced to resort to serious measures to insulate the premises for chickens, because these birds, even when the temperature drops to 7-10 degrees, can not only lose the opportunity to egg production, but also suffer from respiratory disease. Therefore, it is worthwhile to attend to the warming and heating of the coop in advance. The optimal temperature, according to the poultry farmers, is 12-15 degrees, and some experts are of the opinion that 10 degrees is enough.

Consider what method is used to maintain this climate in the hen house. It should be noted that with the progress of technical progress, more and more different ways and devices appear to achieve the goal. However, the energy intensity of many of them leaves these appliances beyond the reach of the average household owner. Therefore, regardless of the climatic conditions in this part of the country, initial attention is paid to the natural, so to speak, passive heating of the room for the birds.

The correct temperature, in addition to other important factors, is the basis for the egg production of chickens, therefore, it is extremely important to approach this issue. In the chicken coop is a "deep litter", for the arrangement of which the following work is performed:

  • slaked lime is poured on the floor (1 kg per square meter),
  • a thick layer of straw or sawdust pours on lime (about 10 cm),
  • when chickens tread it, this litter is loosened with the forks and sprinkled as it is spread,
  • You can also remove the top layer, replacing it with a new one, and the old part of the bedding in spring is laid out on the beds in the form of a beautiful natural fertilizer. Next, walls, ceilings, windows and doors are warmed in the hen house, gaps are plugged. To do this, use all available materials - mineral wool, foam, old blankets and warm clothes, roofing material.

The products of vital activity of layers during decomposition emit gases containing ammonia, therefore, special attention when keeping birds in winter should be paid to ventilation and timely ventilation of the room. Accumulations of secretions can lead to poisoning of chickens and even to their death.

And Artificial heating in the hen house

Natural heating is good because it requires minimal cost, but in some regions of the country with its help it is almost impossible to provide normal conditions for the birds to stay in the premises in winter, and the temperature in the hen house will be insufficient. Therefore, it is often necessary to resort to artificial heating of the room. Regardless of the type used, such care is quite troublesome and expensive.

What form of heating will be used in each case is up to the owner to decide on the basis of financial and other possibilities. It is possible to carry out heating in several ways, both individually and by combining them. Currently, the most popular among poultry farmers are such types of heating of chicken coops, with the help of which the temperature required for laying hens is maintained:

  • infrared lamps
  • infrared heaters
  • stove heating,
  • radiators.

Many poultry farmers in the winter use infrared lamps, considering them to be the most efficient source of heat in order to maintain the optimum temperature for the birds. However, there are some nuances that must be taken into account when arranging heating with their help. Depending on which manufacturer, infrared devices may have different quality, and, relatively speaking, a drop of water that falls on the lamp from the trough may well lead to its failure.

A lamp with a capacity of 250 watts can provide heating for an area of ​​10-12 square meters. At the same time, it dries the litter, does not burn oxygen, heats objects, not air. This method of heating favorably affects birds that are not afraid of such heat and are at rest. When using lamps it is necessary to install them at a distance of 0.5 to 1 meter to objects - chickens, perches, feeders, bedding in order to maintain the desired temperature.

Infrared heater in the winter is a good option, but it will also consume a large amount of electricity - for a medium-sized chicken coop, an instrument with a capacity of up to 500 watts is sufficient. But in order to maintain the temperature at the same level, the heater in cold weather will have to work constantly.

The budget option in this situation is the usual stove, the stove, whose work will allow the birds not to suffer from temperature changes. But here, too, it has its own characteristics in the form of fire hazard, the need to extract combustion products, as well as reliable isolation of heated parts from curious layers. What will be the temperature in the house when using the stove to determine the unrealistic, so you will need to constantly monitor it, so as not to overheat or overcool chickens.

T Temperature in the hen house

The one who keeps chickens knows that in the summer they lay eggs every day or every other day. But in winter, egg production is reduced to one egg per week, or even completely disappears. Why? Maybe this is the biology of chickens?

By no means. It is known that in poultry farms all year round. So what's the deal? What prevents chickens rush in the winter farmstead?

And the cold interferes. Egg production during cold drops, and sometimes stops altogether.

REMEMBER! In winter, keep chickens in a warm coop. This is one of the factors increasing egg production.

In winter, the temperature in the chicken coop should be +12. +15 ° C. This is the temperature at which chickens quietly carry eggs.

An interesting fact: in the seventies of the last century, the “cold method” of raising calves was introduced in animal husbandry. Children from the day of age were kept in individual houses in open areas. Milk froze in the drinking bowls, and the calves grew healthy. There is even a saying: "Calves are not afraid of the cold, but fear of hunger."

Heat in a chicken coop can be created by electrical heating or heating with a gas column. You can heat the stove, as in greenhouses. However, it is necessary to take into account the high safety requirements. There is a risk of fire, and this is an irreparable disaster. No wonder the people say: "The thief leaves something, the fire takes everything."

A natural method of heating a chicken coop - insulation of the shed (walls, windows, doors), as well as heating due to the heat of the litter made of shavings or sawdust and chicken droppings - seems economical and safe. This litter is called deep litter.

Before arranging a deep litter, the floor in the hen house is carefully swept and sprinkled with quicklime at the rate of 0.7-1.0 kg per 1 m2. After 2-3 hours, wood chips, coarse sawdust, peat, straw cutting are poured on the floor. Layer thickness - 7-10 cm. This litter is not removed until spring.

REMEMBER! To give the litter heat, it is necessary to agitate it every 4-5 days. Dense, tamped with hens, litter can not give heat.

After 28-30 days, fresh litter material with a layer of 10 cm is added to the existing litter. By the end of winter, the litter thickness reaches 25-35 cm.

Thanks to chicken litter litter "ripens" and produces heat. Inside the litter, the temperature reaches 25. 30 ° C. This temperature can kill germs that cause diseases of chickens.

The litter is laid not only under the nest for chickens, but also on the whole floor of the hen house.

For many years the author kept chickens in a private house, in a hen made by himself. Below are the "secrets" of a warm chicken coop. The author recommends readers to study them - perhaps they will help in creating a winter home for chickens.

The thickness of the walls of the coop is half a brick. The barn is sheathed inside the floor stand in the vertical direction. The distance between the poles is 80 cm. A tare board is packed on the floor stand. The space between them is insulated with dry needles. These walls are very warm, they do not freeze, do not sweat. From dry needles emanates a pleasant, peculiar smell. There are no mice inside the walls.

The floor is lined with a 50-board. Under the boards is a layer of clay with a thickness of 10-15 cm.

The ceiling plates are upholstered inside with ordinary plywood, and they are smeared with clay in the attic. In addition, the attic is filled with hay for the winter.

In one window inserted double frame. The door is insulated with batting, and outside is covered with oilcloth.

A pipe with a diameter of 12 cm is located above the window in the wall. In the middle of the chicken coop, a pipe of the same diameter overlaps the roof of the roof. These pipes perform the role of supply and exhaust ventilation.

REMEMBER! Cooking a chicken coop for wintering chickens should be in the summer. No wonder people say: "Prepare a sleigh in the summer."

What you need to know

Domestic chickens are heat-loving birds, and therefore can easily catch a cold if they were on a long walk around a snowy yard or were hit by strong gusts of wind. A separate negative factor leading to serious consequences for the health of chickens are drafts and cold drinking water in drinking bowls.

Птицеводством в нашей стране занимаются повсеместно, поэтому владельцам пернатых, находящихся в условиях севера, нужно обращать внимание на утепление курятников. Даже если температурный показатель снизится до отметки + 5-7 градусов, можно будет наблюдать ухудшение яйцекладок.

To avoid this, it is best to start warming the room in advance, assuming that the most comfortable temperature for layers is about +15 degrees and not lower than +10.

Technical progress does not stand still, and therefore there are more and more new ways to heat the premises. It is worth noting that the use of electricity is a rather costly method (albeit the simplest), so not every owner is ready for such cash expenses.

Most poultry farmers prefer the passive heating option for chicken coops, and it does not matter in which region the farm is located. The poultry productivity, along with other factors, is influenced by the temperature regime, and therefore it is necessary to approach its maintenance wisely.

How to make a deep litter

This option is most common among owners. Due to the thick layer of litter materials in the bird, the limbs will not freeze. In addition, such a litter begins to emit heat over time due to the waste of the bird, with the right approach it will be possible to maintain both the cleanliness and the heat in the room.

It is recommended to create litter as follows:

  • the floors are filled with quicklime at the rate of 1 kg per 1 sq. km. m,
  • laying materials are laid on top. This may be straw, sawdust, hay, large shavings, etc., at the choice of the owner,
  • of course, under the weight of the bird, the bedding will sooner or later begin to be compacted, as necessary, all layers are loosened and new materials are added,
  • if the top layer becomes very dirty, then it can be replaced with a new one, and the residues are kept until spring and used as a natural fertilizer,
  • Particular attention is paid to the insulation of walls, ceilings, window openings, doors and sealing gaps. You can use any convenient material: mineral wool, foam, old warm clothes, etc.

Note to the poultry farmer. During the formation of products, livelihoods will begin to release gas containing ammonia, which is very harmful to chickens. In order to prevent possible poisoning of the livestock, the ventilation system should operate smoothly. In the absence of hoods, airing is used, but without drafts.

Thermal insulation. At this stage, windows, doors, walls, slots and floors (if necessary) are insulated using the materials listed above. Such protection is aimed at eliminating drafts and precipitation. A special microclimate will be created in the chicken coop due to the heat coming from the bird, the main thing is to provide the livestock with a good diet.

Artificial heating options

The most popular option among poultry farmers is the use of infrared lamps. It is possible to use both a single lamp and mirror flasks, which are intended for heating a larger area.

The advantage of this variant is the heating of objects in the room, as well as the surface under the influence of the rays. Another advantage of an infrared lamp is that it will dry litter materials, which has a beneficial effect on moisture performance. The lamp can operate continuously, without turning off. As noted by the breeders, thanks to the pleasant light of the birds behave more calmly. As for oxygen, it will not be burned. The ease of maintenance of such lamps makes the owners incline in favor of this option.

An important point. Infrared lamps have some drawbacks, including high power consumption and short life. If the lamps get wet, they may start to crack, but here everything depends on the observance of the operating rules.

When installing the lamps you need to remember that their location should not be closer than 50-100 cm from objects that need to be heated. Some chickens may be interested in innovation in their possession and try to use the lamp as a roost. For safety, it is recommended to use ceramic cartridges and protective devices.

Stove heating

Yes, this option also has a place to be, but it is far from perfect. When installing a burrshacker or brick stoves, the owner will have to take additional care of the following aspects:

  • heating elements must be insulated so that the bird does not burn,
  • the owner must keep personal control of the temperature,
  • compliance with fire safety with easily combustible bedding materials, as well as if the chicken coop is a wooden structure.

There are a number of ways to maintain the required temperature in the room, but such methods are used in practice much less frequently than those already described. They can be found in the following table:

Bird feed in winter

Another important factor on which the comfort of a bird in a hen house depends is nutrition. Start off think about nutrition for chickens it is necessary even in the summer - it is at this time that the harvesting of green fodder should be actively conducted. After all, this is a very valuable source of nutrition, because it contains many vitamins.

Most often, feed for laying hens is prepared on the basis of the following crops:

  • wheat,
  • barley,
  • corn.

For better assimilation of birds, it is recommended to feed them in fragmented form or germinated seeds. Also well on weight gain affects the diet, prepared on the basis of root crops:

  • potatoes,
  • squash,
  • beets,
  • carrots
  • pumpkin.

They must be boiled first, after which they can be given to chickens.

In order for the chickens to always bring a lot of eggs and meat to the owner, they need to provide a balanced diet. If chickens will receive less If any microelements and vitamins important for their normal development, at some point they will stop bringing eggs.

If the selected feeding scheme does not provide chickens with enough greenery, then in this case, you can proceed as follows - add vitamin D to the feed. First prepare the mash, and then add to it vitamins necessary for chickens. Cooking a fodder is a fairly simple task that even a novice can handle. To do this, take the egg shells, bran, fish or bone meal and sunflower oil cake and mix everything thoroughly.

When feeding chickens in their diets, sunflower meal is a very important component, because it is rich in proteins and fats, in which need laying hens during the wintering period. If you regularly give it to chickens, they will be provided with the missing amount of proteins and fats throughout the winter.

Particular attention should be paid to what time should be given to the birds mash. The most suitable time for this is morning and lunch. But to give the birds for dinner mash is not desirable.

There are poultry farmers who add pieces of chalk to the drinker. And they do this consciously, because they know that in the chalk contains many mineralswhich are necessary for normal egg laying. Chickens drink such fortified water with pleasure.

When caring for chickens, you need to monitor the water temperature in the drinkers, which should be in the range of 15-20 degrees. Important keep the temperature from falling water below the specified marks, otherwise the birds can catch a cold.

Temperature conditions for chickens and turkeys

Having decided to start breeding chickens, beginning poultry farmers have a lot of questions. One of the topical concerns optimum temperature, which must be maintained in the winter in the coop. It should be said that this factor along with a balanced diet can also seriously affect the egg production of the bird.

Hens content

In winter, in the room where chickens are kept, it is recommended to maintain the temperature at 23-25 ​​degrees. It is clear to everyone that in order to maintain a high temperature regime in the hen house it is necessary to create a heating system. Wherein throughout the cold season care must be taken to ensure that the air temperature in the hen house does not fall below 15 degrees. This is the minimum temperature indicator at which chickens are able to lay eggs in winter. They generally do not maintain subzero temperatures.

In order to keep the heat generated by the heating system longer in the room, it is recommended to do it with low ceilings. From this it follows that the best option is a chicken coop no more than 1.8 m high.

Every summer resident should remember that even in winter the coop needs to be aired. To do this, even during the construction of the chicken coop should provide it in the window. But you can choose another solution to this problem - arrange hood with plugswith which you can adjust the amount of incoming air. It is important to ensure that there are no drafts in the hen house, which can also seriously affect the health of the bird.

The content of turkeys in the winter

Some summer residents on the farm live not only chickens, but also turkeys. They also need to create a comfortable environment. Although turkeys are known for their cold resistance and easily tolerate temperatures down to -15 degrees, draft in the barn can hit hard on their health and cause infectious diseases in turkeys. The same effect can have a dampness in the room. That is why during the keeping of turkeys in the winter in the barn it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the range of -3 to -5 degrees. This will help avoid the appearance of dampness and mold on the walls of the building. Also, do not forget about feeding turkeys in the winter, which should be balanced.

As part of the maintenance of turkeys in the winter should pay special attention to the litter of birds. This is due to the fact that the legs of turkey poults are concentrated large number of blood vesselswhich are deprived of a protective fat or down layer. That is why this part of the body of turkey poults should always be warm. In the manufacture of bedding for turkeys, you can use different materials.

For this, both peat and sawdust or straw will be suitable. They will help maintain a comfortable temperature for the poults. Special need to be careful in the case of use in a barn where turkeys live, straw, which is a material that perfectly absorbs moisture. Because of this feature, it is necessary to change the straw bedding in the shed where the turkeys are kept, it is necessary every 7−9 days.

Wintering in a greenhouse

The maintenance of chickens and turkeys in the winter time is complicated by many difficulties that are absent in the summer period. In the warm season, the owner is sufficient to give the bird the opportunity regularly go to the walking yard and provide food and water. In winter, they require much more attention. In order for the productivity of domestic chickens to remain at the same level, beginning poultry farmers must find out before the onset of winter at what temperature chickens can comfortably exist and continue to bring eggs.

Every experienced farmer agrees that keeping chickens and turkeys in the country in the winter is a rather troublesome job. In the barn where they live domestic hens laying hens, it is necessary to maintain certain living conditions and temperature, which can significantly affect the egg production of the bird.

In the event that the summer resident does not have sufficient means to build a good chicken house, he can adapt a greenhouse for these purposes. Even people far from the poultry industry know that domestic chickens are daytime birds. For normal development they should be provided with a sufficiently long light day. In a greenhouse, this condition can be fulfilled as simply as possible. A greenhouse is a good option for keeping chickens and turkeys also because in the winter they will not sit quietly on the ground, and they will constantly dig in the ground, fertilizing it with their fecal waste.

But the main reason why the greenhouse is an excellent option for housing chickens and turkeys - they will be able to receive the necessary amount of daylight, and this will allow them to feel normal even in the winter, while living in a protective shelter.

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