In the fall, in every park or square you can see a spreading bush with snow-white round balls of regular shape. This is the fruit of the snowberry. No park or square can do without it, because it is incredibly hardy for urban conditions and extremely unpretentious. We will tell in the article about the cultivation of snowberry, give tips on care, pruning.
Five of the best varieties of snowberry
In our climatic conditions, snowdrop is the most common white. The name he received because of the coloring of the berries. Recently, varieties with pink and purple fruits have become popular.
- "Hancock" - a shrub with open shoots, has a compact crown in the form of a dense pillow. The flowers are small pinkish, nondescript. Leaves remain until frost. The fruits are kept on the bush until spring or until the birds peck.
- "White Hedch" - up to 2 m. The fruits are the largest among all varieties, the correct oval shape. Depending on the conditions, the color of the berries gets a greenish shade in the shade or pinkish in the sun.
- “Mother of Pearl» - srednerosly bush 1 - 1.5 m with thin shoots. Pinkish fruits of oblong shape, gathered in dense clusters.
- "Magic Bearry" - covered with bright pink fruits.
- Sheno snowberry - this hybrid is derived on the basis of a circular snowberry. But in a cool climate, they feel uncomfortable in cold winters.
Growing conditions for shrubs
Gardeners recommend planting plants with early flowering and autumn, those that bear fruit later - in the spring. The snowberry flowers bloom for a very long time, at the same time combining flowers and fruits. It is so unpretentious that the bush with a lump is determined to a new place of residence at any time while the earth is digging, that is, at positive temperatures.
Lighting and placement requirements
This undemanding plant will adapt in any conditions, but feels more comfortable in the sun or in partial shade. The more light, the more abundant flowering that attracts bees. Snowberry is a good honey plant. With poor lighting, shoots stretch upward and become thin. The bush takes on an unsightly look.
Valuable plants for urban environments. Easily tolerates gas and smoke. In private estates it is recommended to plant from the outside of the site from the road to protect against exhaust gases.
Temperature conditions for different varieties
In the warm season it adapts both in the cool shade and the scorching sun. In severe winters frosting, but successfully grows from the roots. The most frost-resistant snowberry is white. Lower frost resistance is distinguished by the Snowberry, rounded with a purple-colored fruit, Variegatus, with a yellow border on the edge of the leaf, Taff s Silver Edge with a white stripe. In harsh winters requires shelter.
Soil preparation for planting bushes
The snowberry is so unpretentious that it survives on alkaline and stony soil, but on loose, fertile decorative qualities are most spectacular. To optimize loams add sand, humus, mineral fertilizers. Doses of nutrients are listed in the table:
When planting, it is desirable to provide basic nutrition, as for an adult bush, regardless of the size of the seedling. Dig holes 0.5 x 0.5 x 0.5 and fill with fertile soil even for the smallest seedlings. ".
Planting shrubs to a permanent place
The roots of the snowy grower grow to an average of 1.5 m, so the distance between bushes when planting is 1.5 - 2 m. The size of the planting hole for bushes with a lump in two cuts is larger than the size of a coma. Saplings with open roots, if necessary, treated with a mash.
Tip # 1. For survival, the Heteroauxin, Kornevin, Rizopon and others are used. They are planted with a slightly deeper lump, this is only to his advantage, since the shrub gives abundant root growth.
Trench digging width and depth of 30 x 30 cm, if the garden soil is fertile. On poor soils prepare a ditch 50 x 50 and fill with a fertile mixture. Bushes in a row are placed at a distance of 50 cm, given the size to which the plant grows.
Previously, in garden and park art, hedges were planted with one type of plant. Modern landscape design successfully applies several varieties in the same row. For example:
- snowberry white, species,
- Variegatus variety, leaves with a yellow stripe along the edge of the leaf,
- Dorenbos's Magic Bearry.
Alternating, they form a spectacular rhythm at all times of the year. After planting, 30 cm in each direction recede from the hedge and form a strip that separates the bushes from the lawn. In the future, it loosen, mulch for aeration.
This design gives accurate planting, overgrown shoots are located on the mulch, and not on the grass and the gardener does not need to hold a hedge during each mowing of the lawn, and the lawn does not grow into it. ".
Tip # 2. After planting, the bushes are watered so that the soil moistens all the roots and the soil around it. The amount of water is equal to the volume of the landing pit.
Some gardeners say that the snowberry can be planted and forgotten about it, it is so unpretentious. But still it is better to take care of the plant, providing watering. Irrigate better less, but more abundant. In order not to be mistaken with the volume when watering, it is important to remember that 10 liters of water permeate the soil to a depth of 10 cm, an area of 1 m 2.
Pruning shrubs to form a crown
Special care does not require, but you should not allow excessive thickening. Sanitary pruning is usually necessary for the Snouter. In the autumn, all dry and broken shoots are removed to the ground, this stimulates the growth of young shoots.
In winter, it is necessary to shake off snow from the bushes, otherwise the branches will bend down to the ground under the weight and in spring they cannot rise, sometimes they even break. To cut ugly branches can not wait for the onset of heat. There are no templates for crown formation. The appearance of the bush after pruning depends on the taste of the gardener.
Some like the natural sprawling crown and then the shoots are shortened by a minimum of a quarter or 1/2. Others like strict order more and adjust bushes rather strongly. This is not a hindrance to them. On the contrary, root shoots and young shoots will grow with a new force.
If you neglect pruning, over time the branches grow coarse, the leaves become shallow and settle down at the ends of the shoots. Such bushes need to be thinned thoroughly, removing old branches completely on the stump. Cuts with a diameter of 1 cm or more, it is better to handle garden pitch or a special protective agent, such as "Run No". ".
Reproduction root shoots
The peculiarity of the growth of the snowfender is used to strengthen the slopes. Roots, like a web, cover the earth, gradually moving away from the original landing site. Dense islands are formed, which rapidly increase if the bushes are not limited in growth. In spring or autumn, young shoots are dug up and transplanted to a new location. For transportation over long distances, the roots are wrapped in a damp cloth.
Growing snowberry seed
This kind of breeding is for hardworking enthusiasts. Besides the fact that it is troublesome and long-lasting, there is no guarantee that the desired grade will turn out. Plants grown from seed may not inherit hybrid properties.
- For sowing seeds of ripened fruit. The berries ripen unevenly, so they choose large and soft, in which the seed is separated from the pulp.
- To completely remove the remnants of the berries, pour the grains with water in a container that is covered with a lid. The mixture is strongly shaken and defended. Light pulp pops up, and the seeds sink.
- Carefully drain the liquid and take out the seeds, dry with paper napkins. They are sown in boxes with the finished vegetable mixture, which consists of bottom peat, coarse sand and humus in equal parts.
- Sowing sprinkled with a thin layer of sand and irrigate with a small sprayer, so as not to "drown" small seeds deep into the ground. The box is kept at a temperature not lower than +5 0 covered with glass or plastic wrap.
- From time to time, take out and sprinkle with water. Shoots germinate in spring. After a month and a half, they can be planted in open ground.
Vegetative propagation by cuttings
Vegetatively propagated varietal snowberry. Cutting is guaranteed to preserve the properties of the hybrid. For this purpose, using green and lignified cuttings. In late autumn, with the onset of frost, mature shoots are cut from the bushes. You can determine the readiness for reproduction by bending the shoots. If they break easily, then they are suitable.
The tops of the cuttings are removed, from below they make an oblique cut under the bud, forming a cutting of 15 to 20 cm with 3 to 4 buds. For better rooting, they are first planted in boxes to a depth of 5 cm, so that 1 - 2 buds are in the soil, and 1 - 2 on the surface. For cuttings prepare the same soil substrate as for sowing.
Green cuttings harvested in early summer. Planted in a greenhouse or greenhouse. Until autumn, the cuttings are rooted and ready for planting in open ground. For winter, seedlings are prepared, covering with dry grass and leaves.
Of all the breeding methods, the simplest is the root growth. It is easy to dig out and move to another place. So it is better to deal with species Snowfenders. If it is necessary to propagate a variety, neither root growth nor seeds guarantee the preservation of the properties of the hybrid. In this case, it is better to apply grafting.
Pest and disease prevention
Snowberry extremely rarely affected by diseases, and pests bypass it. One of the versions explains this phenomenon with the toxicity of the shrub. Scientists have identified a toxin, an irritant. Its composition has not been studied completely, but it can be assumed that it is he who frightens off pathogens and pests.
However, infections occur. To prevent diseases, traditional preventive measures are taken. In early spring, before bud break, plants are treated with a Bordeaux mixture against powdery mildew and gray rot of fruit. If the infection does occur, it can be treated with fungicides.
Without pruning the branches of an ornamental bush can reach 3 m in length. Under the weight of snow and fruit formations in the winter they do not break. The small size of the opposite leaves fall off with the first frost.
At the end of summer, in July or August, the snowfield blooms: the correct form of flowers is collected in a racemose inflorescence of 5-15 pieces. A good honey plant, a late flowering shrub allows bees to prepare for winter.
In autumn, the bushes of the snowberry are extraordinarily decorative: juicy spherical drupes with a diameter of up to 2 cm are tightly pressed to each other. The fruits of the snowfield, depending on the type of plant, are of red, black and purple color, most often white with snow-white crumbly flesh.
Snowfields with red fruits hibernate and grow poorly in the conditions of the Central region - they prefer mild winter and nutritious black soil. Bushes with the usual white berries are very undemanding to soil conditions and withstand -30 degrees.
In addition to high winter hardiness, the snowberry bushes have a unique property: they do not care about exhaust fumes and smoke - an invaluable quality in a megacity.
The pros and cons of the snow berry
The gardeners of the Middle Strip came to the yard unpretentious ornamental shrubs. Unlike the thermophilic and soil-demanding species with pink fruits, the classic snowberry is ideal for growing in the Central region:
- absolutely not demanding to the light regime - it grows in the sun and partial shade,
- grows on wet lowlands and dry hillocks
- practically does not have fungal diseases,
- in our latitudes, a native of America never acquired dangerous pests.
The bush has a long flowering and maintains a decorative appearance for almost the whole year. Vigorous young greens with fragrant flowers are replaced by heavy clods of snowy berries.
Until now, there is no consensus about the harmful effects of snowfield berries on the human body. Due to the high content of acids and saponin, the snowfield fruits are considered dangerous. An adult will not eat them, and a small child may taste beautiful berries - this is absolutely contraindicated.
Forest animals and birds feed on snowfruit fruits in winter - frost destroys dangerous substances. The Indians of North America knew about the medicinal properties of the shrub of the snowy berry - they treated the stomach ulcer with fresh juice. Wild fruits and now used in the manufacture of dosage forms.
Recipes of traditional medicine use the snowfield for the treatment of skin diseases, non-healing wounds, inflammations and even tuberculosis.
Do not forget about the toxic properties of snow berries and consult a doctor for recommendations on the method of treatment and dosage.
Sneznik - planting an unpretentious shrub
Snowberry bush is ideal for registration of the dacha. Any free space will fit for planting a bush: in the sun or in the shade, on a hillock or in a damp lowland - an unpretentious plant feels great in any conditions.
You can get acquainted with the technology of the autumn planting of the snowberry in general from the video:
Another plus in the money box of the snowberry is disease resistance. Fungal infections are common diseases, so you rarely notice signs of powdery mildew or gray rot of fruit. Then the shrub should be treated with a fungicide solution (any of the modern ones - Topaz, Fundazol, Quadris, Scor, Topsin or another antifungal drug). In order to avoid such situations, it is necessary to regularly carry out sanitary treatment in the spring with a solution of Bordeaux mixture, prevention is better than treatment.
Pests often bypass the bush side. But ... Aphid loves young shoots very much and attacks them in May. A simple popular method of struggle - treatment of ashes before the rain. It will rain and wash away the pest along with the ashes. If it does not help, then you have to carry out chemical treatment.
Planting snowberry seed
Snowberry seeds photo
Like any plant, snowberry can be propagated by seed. The process is time consuming and long, but possible. The first step is to prepare the seeds from the berries. Berries gently soften, squeeze the pulp through stocking or double gauze, shake the remainder in a jar of water.
Pulp with water to drain, dry the seeds. If necessary, storage - stored in a paper bag or a cloth bag. They need to be sown before winter, but not in open ground, as small, light seeds can float away with snow.
- Seeds are sown in a box with soil, then covered with a layer of sand, and only then put out on the street, covered with sawdust or dry foliage.
- Seeds will spring in spring, and maybe next spring.
- As soon as the sprouts get stronger and release 2-3 true leaves, they should be transplanted into separate containers.
- During germination, the substrate must be moistened. Watering is done through a pallet or from a fine spray.
- Shoots are understood quickly when the growth is 10-15 cm, the plants are hardened within two weeks and planted in a permanent place.
- The bush will bloom in the third year.
For spring sowing a greenhouse is needed. Fill a box or pot with an earthen mixture and sow the seeds in early spring.
Seedling snowberry seed photo
Improving germination can help such procedures:
- soaking seeds in water
- stratification - keeping the seeds in a mixture of sand and peat at 0 ° C throughout the winter,
- scarification - intentional damage to the hard seed coat to facilitate germination.
When the seeds germinate, they need moisture. Young shoots should be pritenyat and protect from drafts. Dive seedlings can be in June after the appearance of a few of these leaves.
3. Cutting snowdrop
Snowberry breeding cuttings how to propagate the snowberry
It is possible to cut woody cuttings in autumn, the cutting should contain at least 3-5 buds, therefore a length of 10-20 cm is sufficient. The cut under the lower bud is oblique, and above the upper one - even. Cuttings stored in the cellar, immersed in wet sand. Green cuttings are cut on a summer morning when the snowberry has bloomed. For cutting fit only ripe shoots (they break with a crunch). These cuttings are immediately placed in water.
The stalks must be rooted. Place them in a box with a mixture of peat and sand, as for seeds, to a depth of 4-5 cm. The box should be in conditions of heat and high humidity. By the fall, the seedlings will increase the root system and will be ready for planting in the ground. In the winter they should be covered with leaves.
Snowberry bushes are surprisingly hardy. Even the most sophisticated hybrids can withstand frosts below 30˚ C. Only young plants and seedlings require shelter. To do this, gently press the branches to the ground and pinch with metal forks, cover with spruce leaves or straw, leaves, any organic material at hand, or use a spunbond.
Snowberry white Symphoricarpos albus
Snowberry white landing and care photo Symphoricarpos albus
The species that gave the name to the whole family. It also has the name of snowberry, carpal or brush. In a natural environment loves the banks of rivers and mountain slopes, is found in the forest part of North America. It has a spherical crown due to thin curved branches. Высота куста около 1,5 м. Лист овальный, дорастает до 6 см, гладкий по краю, сверху имеет зеленый окрас, а снизу – сизый. Маленькие цветочки розового тона собраны в кистевидные соцветия, расположенные по всей длине побега. Период цветения долгий, на кусте сразу есть и цветы, и ягоды – декоративность на все 100%. Ягоды есть на кусте практически всю зиму, пока птицы не объедят их полностью.
Этот вид популярен благодаря неприхотливости и морозоустойчивости. Used in park culture since 1879 for hedges, borders. In the past, Indians used berry juice as medicine, but berries are inedible. Accidental use does not avoid signs of poisoning: vomiting, nausea, dizziness. Among the varieties of snowberry, white gardeners are attracted to the snowberry white, weakly shiny.
Snowberry Western Symphoricarpos occidentalis
Snowberry Western Symphoricarpos occidentalis spring care photos
Despite the name, it lives not only in the western, but also in the northern, eastern regions of the Northern States. The plant can form dense, one and a half meter thicket at reservoirs, on slopes of mountains. Lighter foliage pubescent below. You can watch bloom all summer. Then from pinkish small bells balls of berries are formed, tightly pressed together. The color of the berries is also pink or pink-white.
Snowberry Urine Symphoricarpos oreophilus
Snowy Proud Symphoricarpos oreophilus photo
Natural distribution - west of North America. Shrub reaches a height of 1.5 m, the leaves are elliptical, slightly fleecy. Flowers bell-shaped, white or pink, single or paired. The fruit is a two-seed drupe of white color, as usual - of a rounded shape. Frost tolerance is satisfactory.
Small-leafed snowberry Symphoricarpos microphylus
Shrub snowberry fine-leafed Symphoricarpos microphylus photo
The southernmost relative of the snow bug (Mexico, New Mexico, Guatemala). You can meet him in the mountains, even at an altitude of 3.2 km. Tall view (up to 3 m). Shoots heavily pubescent. The leaves are dark green, from the inside, lighter, pubescent or not. Flowers and berries are white, with a pink tinge.
Snowfoot Dorenbosz Symphoricarpos doorenbosii
Snowfoot Dorenbosa amethyst Symphoricarpos doorenbosii Ametyst photo and description
A group of hybrids that got their name from their creator - the Dutchman Dorenbosa. The snowberry white and rounded became the ancestors of these hybrids. Distinctive features are neat sizes and many fruits. You can call this bush a modern one - a spreading crown, shoots grow rather horizontally, the mass of small flowers on the entire branch looks stylish.
- Magic Berry - the color of the berries is rich pink, the branches are literally surrounded by berries,
- Mather of Pearl - pearl-white fruits with a pink sheen look spectacular against the background of dark green,
- White Hage - a characteristic feature - erect branches that do not bend under the abundance of white fruits,
- Amethyst - a big plus of this hybrid - high cold resistance, otherwise the usual characteristics - height 1.5 m, dark dense foliage, white and pink flowers and
Snowberry bush in landscape design photo
Snowberry photo in the garden Shrub snowberry white in landscape design photo
The snowberry has become so popular because of not only its endurance, the ability to grow in almost any conditions, but also its incredible gas and smoke resistance. These qualities made it possible to apply it not only in park culture, gardening, but also in urban gardening. The snowberry bush is very dense, it easily tolerates a haircut, so today the snowberry is found as a hedge:
- in parks, squares,
- in residential buildings
- separates the sidewalk and the highway
- along the railways
- near the village houses.
Snowberry as a hedge photo
Also, this plant is perfect for other purposes of landscape designers and gardeners:
- to create inscriptions from plants on the lawn,
- used as a ground cover under large trees,
- dwarf varieties are good for rock gardens,
- to combat the shedding of soil on the slopes,
- as a maintenance-free decorative spot on the lawn (single or group planting),
- for decorative fences: - monophonic, for example, mixed with a white rose, - contrasting - with a red,
- also late autumn contrast is created by a snowberry and a mountain ash planted nearby,
- The elegant snowberry looks beautiful against the background of conifers, especially in the fall, when its leaves are orange,
- It is useful for gardeners to know that the snowberry is an exceptional honey plant.
Pink snowberry in landscape design photo Growing snowberry
There can be a lot of solutions, go ahead and have fun!