Hortensia - decorative garden flower, charming with its originality and beauty. Many gardeners, having decided to have it in their backyard, do not cease to admire it. But the value of this plant is not only in an attractive form of flowers, but also in an interesting form of bark and curly leaves. These plants look spectacular in the fall. During this period, you can see leaves of different shades, buds and heads with seeds on one shrub.
Many people want to plant such a beautiful shrub in their backyard. But when to transplant hydrangeas? How to do it right? Let's figure it out together.
Description of hydrangea
Hydrangea - flowering plant, which belongs to the family Hortensia. It includes about 80 species of plants, most of which grow in the territory of East Asia.
The height of the described shrub reaches 3 m. These are the most common members of the family. The rest are small trees and creepers. Hydrangeas are both deciduous and evergreen. Often, deciduous species are planted in the backyard areas. And inexperienced gardeners are interested in, and how in the summer to transplant hydrangea to a new place? Experts do not recommend doing it in the summer. Shrub transplantation should take place in a timely manner - in spring or autumn.
Hortensia blooms in spring, and this period lasts until late autumn. That is why this plant is so valued by gardeners. At the end of the stem all the flowers are collected in spherical inflorescences. They have a corymbose or panicle shape.
Many types of hydrangeas have flower heads that contain 2 types of flower: small and large. Large ones are often located at the edges, and small ones are dispersed in the middle.
Color depends on the type of hydrangea. The most common are white. Blue, red, pink and lilac are also popular.
An interesting fact that large-leaved hydrangea can change the color of the petals, depending on the soil on which it grows. For example, in the same plant species, on acidic soil, the petals will be blue, on neutral - beige, and on alkaline - pink or lilac.
The fruits of hydrangea are boxes with a large number of small seeds located inside.
Transplanting hydrangeas requires a certain knowledge of the gardener. Improper handling can damage the plant. Acclimatization is disturbed, which can further lead to the death of a valuable specimen and a surprisingly beautiful plant. Knowing how and when to transplant hydrangeas will help to enjoy its unique beauty without wasting time on acclimatization.
Proper plant transplantation involves not only choosing the place and time of planting, but also preparing the planting pit and the ground. Remember that hydrangeas are very sensitive to farming errors. Of course, one should not forget that indoor and garden bushes require a different approach.
Time to transplant garden hydrangea
When to transplant hydrangeas? It is necessary to choose the right time, because perennials quickly get used to the microclimate and soil. Especially carefully you need to transplant adult copies that are long and not always successfully acclimatize. Therefore, experts recommend to transplant young plants.
Experienced gardeners claim that the transplanted hydrangeas in the spring period are less developed in a new place. All the forces of the plant will be aimed at adaptation, and not at the formation of peduncles. Therefore, the bush may not enter the phase of flowering. In the spring should not be any preparation of the soil or the bush itself.
It is better to replant the shrub in early spring, even before the awakening of the kidneys and the onset of sap flow. Of course, the beginning of the garden work depends on the characteristics of the climatic zone. Most often, early transplantation of hydrangeas begin in the middle of March - early April. The main thing is that the soil begins to thaw, and the snow cover is completely gone.
And if the spring failed to carry out this procedure, when to replace the hydrangea? Transplanting in the fall is a more suitable period. After all, the plant for the autumn and winter period has time to take root, to adapt. And next spring you will receive plenty of flowering.
But the autumn transplant has its own characteristics. And above all, it is a preliminary preparation of the bush. The exact time for transplantation determines the completion of flowering - often in the middle of September, the hydrangea already ceases to form flower stalks, preparing for winter rest.
Choosing a place to land
Ideal conditions for planting - a quiet, windless place with a weak shade and less acidic soil. First determine the type of soil. It is advisable not to plant the plant on the limestone and alkaline soil. Wetted and too wet areas, soils poor in micronutrients, also will not work.
The place chosen for transplantation of hydrangea should be in light penumbra. It is desirable that the sunshine fall on it in the first or second half of the day. In open areas it is better not to plant the plant. And in a deaf shadow, you can not achieve the desired abundance of flowering.
Remember that a place for the growth of hydrangea must be protected from the piercing wind and constant drafts. They can lead to overcooling of the plant, and this adversely affects the growing season. In addition, when you transplant a garden hydrangea, pay attention that the distance from the fence and various structures to the bush is at least 1.5 m. Root planted near the bushes planted in winter.
Preparing the plant for transplanting
Before transplanting a garden and ornamental shrub, it is necessary to prepare a landing pit and an earthy mixture. Regardless of when you transplant garden hydrangea, prepare a hole of a certain size, which depends on the age of the bush:
- 0.5 x 0.5 m³ - for plants up to 3 years,
- 1 x 1 m³ - for plants aged 3-5 years,
- 1.5 x 1.5 m³ - for instances older than 5 years.
Pit for transplanting plants should be prepared in advance - for 2-3 months. During this time, the substrate will have time to insist. Before transplanting the hydrangea from the pot to the ground, it is necessary to properly prepare the substrate. For this, it is necessary to mix in equal quantities sand, chernozem, leafy ground, peat crumb. For 1 m³, 25 g of superphosphate and potassium sulfate are added to the mixture. The finished mixture is poured into a dug hole and left here for several months before transplanting hydrangea in open ground.
Planting and care are closely interrelated. After all, since spring, the plant that you want to transplant to a new place should be treated in a special way. Half a meter from the bush they dig a circular trench. The depth and width of the groove are equal to the spade bayonet. In this recess it is necessary to introduce humus, which is covered with earth from above. Such care allows the lateral roots of the bush to germinate in the direction of organic feeding.
How to transplant hydrangea in the spring?
In the spring should be obligatory pruning plants. All the branches that remain, you need to carefully bind to facilitate the work. Shrub gently dig in, while the top layer of soil is removed. The root system is completely free, gradually delving. Digging up the plant, the roots should not be removed from the ground, it should be carried with a clod of soil.
Particular attention should be paid to the level of landing, because it should be preserved, avoiding the penetration of the root collar. Placing the plant in a hole, you need to fill it with a prepared substrate. This mixture provides nutrition to the plant in the next 2-3 years.
Replanting the plant in spring should not be watered immediately. So you eliminate the possibility of hypothermia root system. In a month it will be necessary to fertilize the hydrangea additionally.
Planting and maintenance in the open field in autumn
Shrub transplantation in the autumn period is carried out in almost the same way as in the spring. At the same time, they do not cut the upper part of the plant. It is necessary to remove only dry parts, as a rule, these are only flower stalks.
The shrub should be dug along the outer edge of the circular trench. In addition, immediately after planting it should be poured abundantly. The first time you can not fertilize the hydrangea, as this may trigger the active growth of new shoots. And all the forces of the plant should be directed to rooting. To do this, additional supports should be installed on the above-ground part, because the root system at this moment cannot independently hold the plant in an upright position.
When transplanting, you can additionally use shields covering the plant from wind gusts. You can additionally mulch and water the soil.
In the first 2 weeks should be closely monitored so that the soil was hydrated. After 3 weeks you will be able to see new leaflets, which will testify to the successful adaptation of hydrangea.
Many people ask: how to transplant a blooming hydrangea? But experts do not advise to carry out any manipulations with flowering shrubs, because in this case flowering will be stopped.
Transplant room hydrangea
Hydrangea is an attractive home flower. Her roots quickly master the volume of the pot. Often the root system grows through the drainage holes. Such signs signal the need to transplant the plant. Experts advise to replant his first 3 years of life annually, in the spring, on the eve of an active vegetative period. How to transplant hydrangea in the pot correctly?
Most often do it in early April. For transplanting, you need to pick a pot 2-3 cm more than the previous one. It is imperative to arrange high-quality drainage. Independently produce a substrate, the same as for planting plants in the ground. We use sand, chernozem, leaf soil, peat crumb, humus.
Experts recommend transplanting the plant by transferring it, without releasing the roots from the earthen coma.
Hortensia is an amazing ornamental garden plant. This magnificent bush, showered with voluminous buds, will decorate any infield for many years. But he will be able to decorate the interior of any apartment.
Spring and autumn: advantages and disadvantages
Experienced growers recommend replanting hydrangea (scientific name) every five years. Thus, the life of the bush is extended, the quality of inflorescences and development in general improves.
The plant is transplanted to a new place and for other reasons, for example, after acquiring several more bushes, perhaps another variety, to create a composition. In any case, for the process you need to choose the right time and, in addition, familiarize yourself with the rules of the landing itself. Two seasons are suitable for the procedure: autumn and spring, both of which have minuses and advantages.
Plus the fall transplant consists of several points:
- a period of sap flow has passed, when the plant cannot be touched,
- since September (time of procedure) there is time to take root before frosts,
- after transplanting in the fall, the bush can not be fed for several years.
The minus of the autumn change of place is possible early frosts, because of which the hydrangea will not have time to take root and will die during the wintering season. Most gardeners recommend a fall transplant, as there are more risks in spring:
- you can not have time before the movement of juices,
- return frost may begin,
- due to frozen soil there is a risk of damaging the root system.
If in the autumn time is missed, and the procedure does not tolerate delay, it is desirable to get acquainted in detail with the spring features and rules.
Choosing a landing site
Hortense loves moisture, but without fanaticism, so a lowland with stagnation of water or the proximity of groundwater is contraindicated. It is light-requiring, but all day under the scorching sun does not fit.
It is best to choose a place near a low hedge or at some distance from the trees, where there will be a slight shading. The place should be quiet, without drafts: the flower reacts badly to changes in temperature. The soil for the plant needs a light, loose, drained with a slightly acid or neutral reaction.
Soils oversaturated with organic matter and lime, preferably loam, are undesirable. The level of acidity can change the color of the plant, so if you want to keep it, check the reaction of the soil in a new place, correct if necessary.
Landing pit preparation
The pit is prepared in the autumn a little more and deeper than the diameter of the soil coma of the transplanted plant. A mixture of leaf earth, peat, humus and sand is put on the bottom in equal parts, mineral fertilizers can be added (0.6 g of superphosphate, 0.2 g of urea and sulfuric potassium).
During the preparation of the pit, dig a trench around the bush, carefully, trying not to damage the root system.
The bush, excavated from autumn, is carefully dug, dipped into a prepared pit along with a soil clod, the same mixture is poured from above as on the bottom of the pit. It should be noted that the root neck should not sink into the soil, but be 3 cm above the surface.
The procedure is completed with abundant watering and mulching of the tree wheel in order to avoid moisture loss. To protect the plant from possible gusts of spring winds, you can install props for the bush, which will be removed later.
Features care for the transplanted plant
After transplantation, the plant is watered twice a week, while the amount of water should be moderate.
Be sure to at least once a week to loosen the trunk circle, saturating the soil with oxygen. Once every two weeks clean the soil from weeds.
There is no need to hurry with feedings: they were sufficiently laid in the pit. For the first time after transplantation, hydrangea can be fed during the formation of buds. Mineral complexes are usually used for garden flowers. At what time to replant your darling, you decide, the main thing is to follow all the rules and precautions. The further development and life of hydrangea on your site depends on a prepared and thought-out procedure.
The need for transplant
It is necessary to decide when to transplant hydrangea, in spring or autumn, depending on the circumstances. If the plant develops poorly and is ill, you should not postpone the transplant. When it grows actively and blooms profusely, you need to think how much a transplant is necessary for it.
If it is wrong to choose a new place, a magnificently flowering plant can partially lose its decorative qualities and even die. At the same time, conditions may be better at the new site. Then the inflorescences will become larger and brighter. They can even change color.
Replanting bushes during flowering is strongly discouraged. As a result of such actions, the plant may not bloom for several years. Sometimes after a traumatic procedure, hydrangea dies. If the transplant failed in early spring, it is necessary to postpone the landing work to autumn.
In autumn, the most suitable period for transplantation is the last 2 weeks of September. The plant will have enough time to get stronger after the relocation and prepare for wintering.
If spring transplantation is inevitable, it is necessary to carry out preparatory work in the autumn. This will allow the plant to be relocated with minimal damage.
When the hydrangea blossoms and begins to prepare for wintering, it is necessary to tie its spreading branches with a rope. They will take a vertical position, without interfering with the processing of the soil. Around the plant you need to dig a trench in the form of a circle. The trench width should be from 25 to 28 cm (width of the spade bayonet), and depth - 30 cm (length of the spade bayonet).
The trench is located at a distance of 30-50 cm from the base of the bush. The size of the earthen coma with which it will be necessary to transplant hydrangea depends on the diameter of the inner circumference of the trench.
If the plant is small, you can dig a trench at a distance equal to the radius of the bush. In this case, the root system will be minimally damaged. A large shrub needs to be digged in so that an earthy lump can be removed from the ground and transferred. Some adult hydrangeas reach a height of 1.5-2 meters. Therefore, to place the trench too far from the base is not necessary. When digging a large bush, it is important not to damage the maternal root.
In the excavated pit to fill the compost to the surface of the earth. The ditch is constantly watered so that the compost is always wet. It is especially important to do this immediately after digging out the trench. Damaged roots will sprout into the moistened compost.
Before the first frosts, trench is dug up the soil around the outer circle. Then carefully cut the ground under a bush with a shovel, forming an earthen room. It needs to be practically dug up. Since the roots of hydrangea are superficial, it is not necessary to dig too deeply. Even when a large adult plant is transplanted, it is enough to cut the ground under it at a depth of 30 cm. The earth lump will remain in the ground until spring, but during the transplant it will be easier to remove it.
Soil for hydrangea.
Гортензии хорошо растут в защищенных от сквозняков и ветра местах, которые освещаются прямыми лучами до обеда, а после полудня находятся в тени. Почва для гортензии должна быть рыхлая, водо- и воздухопроницаемая и умеренно влажная. В тяжелую почву до посадки нужно внести крупнозернистый песок. Оптимальный состав почвы для гортензии – суглинок с кислой или нейтральной реакцией. But the black soil, manure soil and calcareous soil plant does not fit. Acidify the soil with leaf humus, bark, shavings or pine needles, which contribute to the soil when digging. By the way, the level of acidity is reflected in the color of the inflorescences of the large-flowered hydrangea: in the soil with a weak alkaline reaction, the hydrangea inflorescences are pink in color, and in the acidic state - blue. On neutral ground, the inflorescences of this type of hydrangea are white or cream.
When to plant hydrangea in the fall.
One of the most important factors for successful cultivation of crops is the choice of time for planting. On the question of when to plant hydrangea in autumn or spring, if we are talking about such species as hydrangea tree and paniculate, it is safe to say that in an area with a short autumn, where winter begins suddenly, it is better to plant hydrangea in the spring, and in areas with a warm climate, hydrangea saplings are planted in autumn, in September. How to plant a hydrangea in the fall, we will describe below. As for the large-leaved hydrangea, it is better to plant it in any locality in spring.
How to plant a hydrangea.
If you purchased four or five year old saplings in the summer and if you live in an area with a warm, long autumn, there is no point in waiting for the next spring to plant the hydrangea in the ground. How to plant hydrangea in the fall? Dig a landing hole about 40-50 cm in diameter and up to half a meter deep. When planting hydrangeas in poor soil pit is desirable to do a little deeper. If you plant several bushes at once, then the distance between them should be from 1 to 1.5 meters. Fill the pit almost to the top with a soil mixture composed of leafy soil, humus, sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1, and add 20 g of urea and potassium sulfate and 60 g of superphosphate for every 10 kg of humus. Let the ground settle in the pit and settle and in a couple of days you can start planting. On the day of planting, form a mound from the soil mixture in the hole, place a hydrangea seedling on it so that the root neck is 3 cm above the surface of the plot, flatten its roots and cover it with soil. Lightly tamp the surface around the seedling and pour plenty of bush. When the soil in the near-stem circle settles, the root collar will be where it should be - at the level of the surface of the plot.
Watering hydrangeas in the fall.
Hydrangea is incredibly moisture-loving, so in dry weather it is watered twice a week, and in rainy - once. From each adult plant is poured from 30 to 50 liters of rainwater or separated water. But if pristvolny circle zamulchirovan, then you can water less often. For the prevention of chlorosis, some vinegar or lemon juice should be added to the water for irrigating the hydrangea.
Processing of hydrangeas in the fall.
Caring for hydrangea provides for its autumn preventive treatment of diseases and pests that could get wintering in the bark or in the soil of the tree trunk. For spraying plants use one-percent Bordeaux liquid or drug Abiga-Peak. Conduct processing after leaf fall.
Terms of transplanting hydrangea in the fall.
Is it possible to transplant hydrangea in the fall? Large-leaved hydrangea is not desirable to replant in the fall, since it may later have problems with adaptation, and the tree-like and paniculate hydrangea in the fall tolerate the transplant normally. If you are going to transplant the hydrangea in the fall, then you need to prepare it for transplanting in the spring. To do this, around the perimeter of the trunk circle, they dig a trench with a depth and width of about 30 cm, fill it with compost and constantly water it - the hydrangea will put new roots right into the compost. Hydrangea transplantation is carried out in the same time as the initial landing, that is, in September.
How to transplant hydrangea in the fall.
Tie the branches of the plant with a rope or twine so that they do not interfere with you, dig around the hydrangea on the outer edge of the trench and remove it from the soil, taking care not to damage the new roots. There is no need to worry about old roots. Transfer the plant to a new place and plant it in a prepared pit with a nutrient mixture. How to cook a hole, you already know. Planting hydrangeas and care in the fall after planting was also described by us. After the procedure, spend a rejuvenating pruning hydrangea, so that the plant is more likely to stick to a new place.
When to trim the hydrangea in the fall.
On the question of whether to trim the hydrangea in the fall, the opinions of experts are divided: some believe that it is better to do this in the spring, others insist on carrying out this procedure in the autumn. In the spring, the hydrangea should be cut off at a time when the buds are still asleep, that is, in March, and in the fall - when sap flow is slowed down, that is, in October.
How to trim the hydrangea in the fall.
According to the quality of pruning, the types of hydrangea are divided into two groups. The first includes those plants in which flowers are formed on last year's shoots, so their pruning is cosmetic and sanitary in nature - old inflorescences, broken, diseased and dry branches and shoots are removed. This group includes large-leaved hydrangeas, prickly, serrate, oak-leaved, petiolate, lianoid and Sargent.
The second group includes those types of hydrangeas that bloom on the shoots of the current year, therefore pruning of paniculate hydrangea in autumn, as well as pruning of hydrangea in autumn, are largely justified. However, tree hydrangea is pruned from the age of four. Panicle hydrangea is cut like a tree, without shortening the skeletal branches - remove diseased, old and competing shoots growing from one point.
Autumn pruning has the advantage over spring, that at this time the vital activity of the hydrangea subsides, so there is no risk that the plant will expire with juice, as can happen in spring.
How to propagate hydrangea in the fall.
Hydrangea multiplies cuttings, layering, offspring, dividing the bush and the method of dropping seedlings. Let us say at once that the cutting of hydrangea is not carried out in the autumn - the plant propagates with green cuttings in the middle of summer. And all the other methods are very convenient to use for reproduction in the fall, in September or October.
The division of hydrangea in the fall.
This method of reproduction is most often used for transplanting hydrangeas. Thus, all species are propagated except for panicle hydrangea. How to dig up hydrangea, we have already described to you, and when the bush is already removed from the soil, its root is divided so that in each division there are developed healthy roots and shoots. It is possible that you will have to use an ax, so be careful. Treat the sections on the roots with crushed coal and transplant delenki into prepared pits.
Reproduction of hydrangea layers in the fall.
This method is simple, but unproductive. However, once at a time is not necessary, so it is worth trying it. Dig the soil under the bush in the place where you are going to take a low-growing branch of the hydrangea, then make a 15-cm-deep groove in the ground, lay a sprout into it and attach it to the soil with metal studs, then fill the furrow with loose soil. Pinch the top of the shoot and leave it above the surface. Before frosts cover the leaves with leaves or spruce branches. In the spring, shoots will start growing from the layers, and when they reach a height of 20 cm, roll them up, and then repeat the hilling every time the shoots increase to 7-10 cm in height. As soon as the height of the ground hill rises to 25 cm, dig out the layers, separate it from the bush, cut it between the young shoots, then seed them.
Reproduction of hydrangea siblings in the fall.
When breeding hydrangea shoots should be careful and attentive. Remove the top layer of soil and separate the sprout shoots, trying not to damage the roots of the uterine bush, and then plant the shoots for rearing for one or two years, and then transplant to a permanent place.
Reproduction of hydrangea by dropping a seedling.
This method of breeding hydrangea appeared not so long ago, but it has already acquired both supporters and fans. It lies in the fact that as the cutting is used hydrangea sapling. Cut off all the leaves on it, cut off the unripe shoots, take it out of the container and bury it in a deep trench prepared beforehand with a sloping bottom this way: lower the seedling into the trench, bury its roots in the deepest place, compact the soil well, then spread the shoots in a fan and too cover them with earth. Cover the surface with a layer of humus or peat.
With the onset of spring, the buds on the shoots of the seedling will grow. First, the young shoots will feed the root system of the seedling, and then each of them will acquire its own roots. This method of breeding allows you to get from one sapling ten small hydrangeas with a well-developed root system.
Preparing hydrangeas for winter
Unfortunately, not a single type of hydrangea feels comfortable in the winter. Preparing panicle hydrangea for winter, as well as preparing for the wintering of other plant species, begins in September. Remove all leaves from the plant except the topmost ones - this will speed up the process of ripening green shoots - and feed the hydrangea with potassium-phosphorus fertilizer.
If you live in the Crimea, it will be enough to pile the bush high, but if you have frosts in winter and the snow does not always fall, you will have to arrange shelter for hydrangea. Small bushes, for example, can be completely covered with peat, and then covered with foil. And you can use this way to protect the hydrangea from the cold: tie a bush with a rope and very carefully and slowly pull it to the boards laid on the ground and tie it to them. To keep the boards on the surface of the plot, nail them to the ground in several places with long nails. Throw spruce with spruce branches or fill with sawdust, and cover with spanbond or lutrasil.
There is also such a way of shelter: the trunk near the trunk is insulated with spruce branches, and the branches of the bush attract radially from the center to the side, fix them in this position with wooden brackets, throw the center of the bush with peat, and the surrounding shoots with a lapnik. From above a lapnik tree, the hydrangea is covered with lutrasil, which is pressed at the corners with bricks or stones so that it will not be blown off by a gust of wind. This shelter is able to protect the hydrangea even from frost at -40 ºC.
Old, heavily lignified bushes can not be bent to the ground without damage, so they are wrapped in lutrasil, which is fixed on top with tape or twine, and a metal grid is installed around the bush, which should rise at least 15 cm above the bush. Throw dry leaves between the bush and the grid. , and then this whole construction is wrapped with plastic wrap or roofing felt.
The older the hydrangea, the higher its winter hardiness, and over time it will be able to winter without such complicated protective measures, but young plants should be sheltered for the winter.
Adding an article to a new collection
This plant is quite whimsical, so we share with you the secrets of where and how to plant a hydrangea, so that in the future you will definitely enjoy its flowering.
Hydrophobic and photophilous hydrangea is incredibly popular among gardeners. From Latin its name Hydrangea translates as "a vessel with water." With respect to hydrangeas, a very rare rule for watering is applied: "it is better to pour than to fill it." The plant blooms from late summer to late autumn and rarely suffers from diseases and pests.
Pink and blue large-leaved hydrangeas possess an amazing ability: the shade of their inflorescences differs depending on the composition of the soil. The paniculate and ground cover are frost resistant, and the tree is more compact than its relatives and can withstand frosts down to –40 ° C.
You can buy hydrangea saplings in a specialized store or independently prepare them by cutting. By the way, the middle of July for this procedure is the most favorable time, since shoots are not woody yet. Adult bushes are divided into several parts during transplantation.
When buying seedlings, check with the seller whether they are adapted to the local climate, otherwise uncured plants may die.
Autumn planting of hydrangea in central Russia is carried out in early September, in the southern region - until the end of autumn. But remember that only plants with a well-developed root system are suitable for the procedure, since otherwise, the bush does not have time to settle down to frost. Young plants better planted in spring.
In the fall, mainly paniculata and tree hydrangeas are planted. Large Leaf - in the middle of May. But in the southern regions of Russia, you can plant it in September.
Autumn planting hydrangeas - the advantages and disadvantages
Planting hydrangeas in the fall in open ground has many advantages over the spring event. First, if the plant is well acclimatized, it may in the next season please you with flowering. Secondly, it is much easier to carry out all the preparatory procedures, because the soil has already been heated for a long time. So, you will save a lot of time.
In addition, in the fall, hydrangea will suffer less from pests and it will need very little nutrition. After all, winter is not far off and the plant does not make sense to build up a green mass, the main thing is to take root in a new place.
Among the shortcomings it is worth noting that the hydrangea must be properly covered for the winter. If this is not done, the sapling will die during the first frost. Autumn rainy weather can also bring problems, such as the worsening of fungal diseases. For prevention, it is worth it at first to water the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Hydrangea is a poisonous plant, its leaves and flowers can cause stomach upset and allergies, so refrain from planting if you have small children or pets. And all the garden work with the plant spend in gloves.
Where to plant hydrangea
Hortensia loves the sun and warmth, so choose a windless place for landing, in open space or in partial shade with diffused light. It is best to choose a cozy area near the fence or arrange a stylish solitary fit in the middle of the lawn. Also, hydrangea will look great in the background of mixborders and alpine slides. It is not recommended to plant it under trees. plants will compete for moisture.
Hortense doesn’t like aggressive neighbors, so don’t plant it too close to the pinework, ostrich, fern, rye grass, etc. Other good hydrangea neighbors: chubushnik (garden jasmine), spirea, lilac. But the bush is best formed with a single planting.
Is it possible to plant a hydrangea near the country house? Quite, but note that an adult plant requires a lot of free space: at least 3 m in height and 1.5 m in width. Therefore, do not plant a bush near the porch or under the window, so that you do not wrestle with what to do with it after growing
For hydrangea, it is important that the soil was light, nutritious, slightly acidified, quickly absorbed water. If the soil on the site is not very suitable, fill the landing pit with a prepared mixture of sheet or turf soil, humus, red peat and sand (2: 2: 1: 1). Add to it 1.5 tbsp. urea, 4-5 tbsp. superphosphate and 2 tbsp. potassium sulfate. So the hydrangea will get all the substances it needs and will begin to develop properly.
On alkaline soil, hydrangea will suffer from chlorosis (yellowing of the leaves). And on the neutral - slower to grow and fade to bloom. Therefore, under no circumstances add ash, lime or dolomite flour to the soil.
How to prepare a landing hole for hydrangea
Prepare a landing hole for hydrangea worth in advance. Some summer residents already in the spring outline the places where the bush will settle. But you can do it for 3-4 weeks before landing. The depth and width of the planting pit should correspond to the seedling root system. On average - 30-50 cm.
If you plant several plants, dig holes at a distance of at least 70 cm (for a hedge). During normal landing - at least 1.5-3 m, since after years the bushes will grow much. Fill the pit with ready-made soil mix, water and leave for 3-4 days to ground the donkey.
Hydrangea - planting and care in the open field
So, it's time to plant the hydrangea in open ground. To do this, carefully remove the seedling from the pot along with the earthy clod and place it in a hole. If the seedling without a pot: straighten the roots and also place in the center of the pit. Sprinkle with nutrient mixture so that the root neck is at ground level, tamp the soil. After that, water the bush plentifully (8-12 liters of water) and grind the soil with needles or peat in a layer of 4-7 cm. So the soil will stay wet longer and weeds will not appear on it.
In order for the hydrangea to settle down faster, she needs care at first. Water the bush with soft rainwater or separated tap water. You can slightly acidify it with citric acid (20-25 g per 10 l of water) or vinegar (1 tbsp per bucket of water). After each watering, loosen the soil, and to strengthen the shoots and protect against fungal infections, periodically spill it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
When the hydrangea takes root, and new shoots appear, prepare a bush for winter. This is especially important for plants from the nursery or uncreated seedlings. Перед тем как укрыть гортензию, удалите с побегов остатки листьев и соцветий, чтобы они не подгнили. Если саженцу 3-4 года, проведите небольшую обрезку. О том, как обрезать гортензию, вы узнаете из нашего материала.
Чтобы молодые растения не вымерзли зимой, после первых небольших заморозков (в средней полосе они обычно бывают в ноябре) центр каждого куста нужно заполнить кусками сухого сфагнума на высоту 20-30 см. If there is no sphagnum, the base of the bushes, fill it with a layer of sawdust, earth, leaf humus, chopped wood bark, cut straw, etc. Also, it will not be superfluous to pour the mulching material into the near-stem circles (the larger the particles of the mulch, the thicker the layer must be). Then tie the plants with twine and wrap spunbond, burlap or fir twig.
In the spring, the winter mulch layer must be removed to prevent the hydrangea from dying out, and sprinkle the tree trunk with fresh mulch in a layer of 8-10 cm.
Caring for hydrangea in the open field is simple, so take a look at this plant and try to plant it on your site. In the articles below you will find many secrets and tips that will help you grow healthy flowering bushes.