Geranium is a flower that in our time has been considered “grandmother” because it has been known for a very long time in indoor and garden flower growing, and it is mainly the older generation that is engaged in breeding and collecting these plants.
Young people imagine geranium in its standard form: rounded panicles of red flowers and double dark green terry leaves. In fact, progress does not stand still, and breeders have discovered so many varieties of pelargonium, which differ in flower shape, leaf color, plant size and other parameters.
If you want to buy a houseplant that will not require constant thorough care and annual transplants, while remaining very decorative for a long time, then you should think about growing any sort of room geranium.
Zone geranium (fringed)
It can be immediately recognized by the characteristic color of the leaves: a dark green leaf is bordered with a brown stripe, and hence the second name of the species. Zonal geranium is the very “grandmother's” species, because this group is the most common and has more than 70,000 varieties.
They are separated not only by the color of the flowers, but also by their shape. Allocate simple flowers, semi-double and terry. It is clear that, depending on the complexity of the flower, they have a different number of petals.
Also, the leaves differ in the severity of the dark band: in some varieties of geranium it can be seen very clearly, in others it is almost invisible, the width of the border also depends on the variety.
This is an ampelous species of pelargonium, which produces a variety of long, falling shoots. In this regard, the ivy geraniums are planted in hanging pots or pots that stand at a height. It should be borne in mind that the ivy varieties produce lashes up to 1 m long.
The group is also characterized by the absolute smoothness and glossiness of the leaves, which resemble ivy leaves. Hence the name of the group.
Here already from the name it becomes clear what this group of flower growers are interested in. The smell of the sea, it all depends on the particular variety. Pelargoniums collected in this group contain phytoncides in their leaves, which are responsible for the production of the fragrance. The smell is very strong, especially when touching the plant.
Immediately I would like to note that the appearance of a fragrant geranium is not as interesting as in previous cases: the leaves are green with a fuzz, uneven and large, the flowers are simple standard colors.
Perhaps the most beautiful pelargoniums belong to this species. Flowers are also collected in paniculate rounded inflorescences, but at the same time each of them can reach 7 cm in diameter. Thus, flower hats are obtained simply gigantic. And their color can be very different, and here we have in mind not only the main color, but also the presence of veins, edges, spots, etc.
Indeed, it can be considered unique, as it has collected many interesting signs: the flowers are very beautiful, with streaks and drawings, which the previous group can boast of, but the size, of course, is not that big.
Miniature and dwarf geraniums
They are small bushes that bloom profusely and at the same time do not require pruning at all. Varieties of such geraniums will be useful to those who have all the windowsills already made by other plants.
Now you can consider some interesting species of geraniums, differing precisely in the shape of the flower. These include :
- rose flowers zonal. Flowers resemble real little roses, gathered in a whisk,
- cactus zonal. It is difficult to say whether they are beautiful or not. This is an option for an amateur. The flowers themselves are large, and the petals are twisted into cones and resemble the thorns of cacti,
- star zonal. Named so in connection with the shape of the petal - it is pointed, narrowed to the top,
- Clove colors. The carnation has jagged petals, and it is this property that this group of geraniums has adopted.
Growing pelargonium seed
Pelargonium seeds are quite large, so problems with their planting, as a rule, do not arise even among novice gardeners. When planting seeds they are laid flat side on the ground, slightly pressing down. The distance between the seeds is observed at least 2 cm.
After they have been planted in the ground, the ground is not watered, but is well sprinkled from the sprayer, so the seeds will not be washed away and remain in their places.
Usually in order for geranium colors in summer, the planting of its seeds begins at the end of February. A plastic bag is put on the container in which the seeds are planted. Everything must be removed in a dark warm place and checked daily for seedlings. Basically, pelargonium sprout in 5-6 days.
After at least one sprout appears, the entire container is exposed to the light, and the bag is removed. When a seedling grows up and has four leaves, it can be planted in separate pots (this operation is called picking).
Growing rooted cutting and well-developed bush
Here everything will be based on the selection of a pot and a primer for transplanting an acquired seedling. The ready-made soil can be bought in a specialty store, and you can make it yourself if there is land at home brought from the garden in the autumn. To do this, simply mix:
Composed in this way the soil will be loose. Selection of the pot is made depending on the state of the seedling root system.
Even for an adult bush, a small pot with a diameter of about 15 cm is suitable. Of course, it is recommended to buy a pot of burnt clay, but they are usually more expensive than plastic ones.
It is imperative that, in order to prevent root rot and black leg, it is necessary to provide high-quality drainage in a pot, filled with a layer of 2-3 cm. To be honest, the pot itself should have at least one drain hole at the bottom.geranium cuttings in peat tablets
As it was said at the very beginning of the article, geranium is very undemanding in care, for which flower growers love it. Care is the fulfillment of the following conditions:
It all depends on the rate of drying of the upper layer of the earth. Geranium tolerates drought much better than excessive moisture, so it is important not to “pour” it, otherwise the destruction of the bush cannot be avoided.
This factor is not particularly important in summer. In winter, the temperature should not fall below 10 0 C. The main thing is to protect the plant from drafts.
This operation is recommended to be carried out periodically in order for air to reach the roots and the earth does not turn into one monolithic piece. In order to gnaw the ground, it is not necessary to have a special rake: you can use an old fork or wand.
Geraniums are fed during flowering and before it begins phosphorous fertilizers. In no case should organic fertilizers be applied, geraniums simply cannot tolerate them.
Forming a bush
It implies the rejuvenating pruning of an adult plant and the formation of young animals. In the first case, up to five buds are left on each shoot, of which in the future new branches will appear.
It is carried out not annually, but once in 2-3 years. It is best to transplant with a lump of earth without baring the roots.
Reproduction room geraniums
To preserve the characteristic features of the variety, geranium is usually propagated by cutting or dividing an adult bush.
If you personally collect the seeds, then there is no guarantee that the variety will be preserved. If you want to try planting collected seeds, then it is necessary to conduct scarification, i.e. removal of the outer shell. Seeds fray between two pieces of sandpaper.
Still, flower growers often shrub the bush. Cuttings of about 6 cm in length are placed in the water before the young white roots sprout and then sown in the ground or germinated in large, moist sand. Both methods are effective and widely used.
Geranium blooming occurs after planting seeds in about five months, so if they are planted exactly at the end of February, then pelargonium will bloom in the same year.
The stalk will bloom earlier - in three months. However, these dates mainly relate to zonal species, Angels and Royal Pelargonium in any case only bloom in the second year.
Pelargonium diseases and pests
The most frequent diseases of the geranium in room conditions include fungal and viral diseases. To include fungal black leg, leaf rust, various kinds of rot. Most often, these diseases are treated with solutions of fungicides.
Geranium pests a bit, but they are already very annoying. These include aphids, whiteflies, caterpillars and ticks. They themselves or traces of their activity can be detected by a careful examination of the leaves of the plant on both sides.
To get rid of pests by spraying geranium special means. If it was not possible to establish who specifically settled on the flower, then it is better to use the drug from the pest complex.
Why do the leaves turn yellow?
Inexperienced growers can often encounter the following problems when growing geraniums: the leaves turn yellow, fall off, and the bush itself does not want to bloom at all.
This is most likely the result of improper care.
- If the leaf turns yellow on the edge, it means that the bush receives little water.
- If the leaves are sluggish and fallen, then the bush is flooded.
- If the leaves fall from the bottom of the plant, the geranium does not have enough sunlight. By the way, for the same reason may not bloom.
- Also, geranium does not want to produce flower stalks if it is overfed with nitrogen, which serves as a plant for green mass.
In order not to end on such an unpleasant moment as problems in the cultivation of pelargonium, we can talk about its beneficial properties.
Useful properties of geranium
- Firstly, this plant perfectly cleans the air in the room from harmful microbes. The smell of geranium relieves stress, relieves depression.
- Secondly, it repels pests from other flowers and plants. In the summer, it is recommended to put geranium into the garden, under currant bushes - so that there is no aphid!
- And thirdly, geranium is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. It is compared with the plantain! Fresh leaves perfectly tighten wounds and heal ulcers. Broth helps with intestinal and stomach diseases.
- Also from geranium get the essential oil with a delicate aroma, which is used for medicinal purposes. It treats a runny nose, pain in the ear, relieves fatigue in the muscles, pain in the back.
Pelargonium or geranium what is the differenceGeraniumPelargonium
Judging by the photos, the differences between the sisters are so great that the question of what the difference between the representatives of one family goes into the area of differences in care and use.
What is the difference in care between geranium and pelargonium?
Garden geraniums perennial plants.
- In winter, they do not need to dig or cover, they are wonderful winter. At the end of the season or in early spring, you will need to remove wilted dried green geraniums, this is done once a year.
- Planted in soil with good water permeability. Planted in small groups. Geranium belongs to ground cover plants, it is excellent, and sometimes it spreads too well around the plot, and in a short time is capable of covering large tracts of land.
- Do not need top dressing.
- Willingly settles in the shade, partial shade and feels good in the arid shade.
- It has a strong branching root system.
Pelargonium person completely different care.
This is a thermophilic child of the south, growing on the street as an annual.
- In the winter, they dig it up and roll it into boxes for winter storage in a cool place or throw it away. Preserve pelargonium at a temperature of 5-7 degrees with the restriction of light and sometimes moistening the soil.
- For flowering need light. Zonal pelargonium grows well and blooms on balconies with a semi-shady location, when shade is less than half a day, and the rest of the time is sun.
- Needs regular feeding and moderate watering.
- It has a small fibrous root.
The difference in species causes different uses.
Different types of garden geraniums are best planted in different parts of the garden in small groups. Together they create untidiness due to dissected leaves and small flowers. Apply to:
- As a groundcover unpretentious perennial plant
- As a background filling of flower garden voids
- Filling difficult dry areas of the garden in the shade
- For landscaping slopes, thanks to a strong strong root system
Garden geranium perennial gorgeous has actually gorgeous lilac color, prefers the sun and partial shade.Garden geranium magnificent
Geranium dark brown (Geranium Phaeum) - partial shade, shadowGeranium dark brown
Oxford geranium-penumbra shadow. Quickly captures the space.Oxford geranium
Geranium blood-red - partial shade.Geranium blood red
Types of Pelargonium
- Pelargonium zonal
- Royal Pelargonium
- Pelargonium Angel
- Ivy or ampelous pelargonium
- Pelargonium fragrant
Pelargonium zonal got its name because of the colored zones on the leaves. Please note, these colored rings resemble balls. That is exactly what our grandmothers called their pelargoniums or “geraniums”. Color stripes - zones are pronounced or less pronounced, I noticed that it depends on the type of flower, light and temperature.
Royal or home geranium differs in large luxurious flowers with a small height of stems.
Angel Pelargoniums look like miniature royal pelargoniums with the same beautiful flowers, but in miniature, and the plant itself looks more compact.
Ivy pelargoniums, they are ampelous, in fact, the shape of the leaves resemble ivy. Flowers have simple or terry on long peduncles because of which they give the impression of a huge cap with a small plant. Surprisingly well withstand the winds and rains.
Pelargonium fragrant is valued not so much for its flowers, as the fragrant foliage from which the essential oil is obtained.
Pelargonium or geranium what is the difference I know, but this does not prevent me from calling my flowers, because my mother, grandmother and great-grandmother called them. So much tenderness in this phrase is my geranium, isn't it?
To pelargonium bloomed magnificently read here on the site
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Pelargonium and Geranium - Similarities and Differences
Both plants belong to the same geranium family. The family includes 5 genera and 800 species of other plants. Geranium belongs to the most numerous genus, and pelargonium - to the most popular. One of the signs on which Karl Linnaeus united them was the similarity of the fruit box. After fertilization, the elongated pestle slightly resembles the crane's beak, which explains the name of the plants. Translated from the Greek "Pelargos" means a stork, and "Geranium" - a crane.
Both pelargonium and geranium have erect stems with alternately growing leaves. The following similarity - in both plants, the leaves have a slight pubescence (covered with small hairs). Also, many geraniums have a special aroma.
Both pelargonium and geranium breed easily and are considered unpretentious plants.
The differences are visible, perhaps, only to specialists. Geranium and Pelargonium cannot be crossed. You just do not get the seed. This is due to differences in genetic characteristics.
Pelargonium homeland considered South Africa. Geranium homeland - the Northern Hemisphere. That is why southern pelargonium can winter only in room conditions, whereas geranium is more cold-resistant and can bloom even at 12 degrees of heat.
In summer, pelargonium often decorates flowerbeds, verandas and balconies. But with the onset of winter, it must be cleaned in a warm room.
Geranium also feels comfortable in the gardens, and even endures wintering, with the exception of the northernmost regions. Therefore, it is considered to be a geranium a garden plant, and pelargonium - indoor.
Is there some more external signsby which it is possible to distinguish geranium and pelargonium.
- Geranium flowers consist of 5 or 8 petals. Usually, these are single flowers that occasionally gather in inflorescences. In home Pelargonium, the corolla of the flower has an irregular shape, namely, the two upper petals are slightly larger, the three lower ones are smaller. Pelargonium flowers are combined into large inflorescences resembling umbrellas.
- Geranium among the huge variety of its shades, does not have scarlet. Pelargonium has no blue flowers.
Cultivation and care
In general, pelargonium can be described as an unpretentious plant that grows quickly and reproduces easily. With good care, pelargonium can bloom year-round. There are various ways that even the most capricious specimens can make flowers bloom. The leaves exude a pleasant spicy aroma, from which geranium essential oil is extracted under industrial conditions.
Growing pelargonium is not difficult. Выполняя простые правила и создав благоприятные условия, вы добьетесь пышного и яркого цветения. На одном растении за сезон может насчитываться до 20 и даже более соцветий. Это могут быть бутоны, полностью раскрывшиеся соцветия и уже теряющие декоративность. Отцветающие соцветия следует сразу же убирать, чтобы растение не теряло силу и продолжало цвести.
If a пеларгония растет в саду, then under favorable weather conditions, its flowering can continue until late autumn. It distinguishes it from other ornamental crops.
By the way, it is noted that there are no aphids on flowers growing next to pelargonium.
Pelargonium is a light-loving plant that can tolerate direct sun. Only some of them are considered to be picky, and prefer places (for example, terraces or balconies), protected from direct sunlight, wind and rain. On the windowsill in bright sunshine, pelargonium can overheat. Therefore, it requires good ventilation and protection from hot noon sunlight.
With a lack of light, the leaves begin to turn yellow, the lower leaves die off and expose the stem. Flowering weakens or may stop altogether.
For even growth, pelargonium is recommended to periodically rotate around its axis relative to the light source.
Soil and top dressing
Pelargonium loves fertile and well-drained loose soil. Soil mixture can either be purchased or prepared by yourself, mixing in equal proportions garden soil, peat, medium-grained sand and a little humus.
Since pelargonium does not like stagnant water and requires good aeration, a good drainage layer should be placed on the bottom of the pot.
In order for the plant to please you with lush and long flowering, care should include regular feeding (1 time in 2 weeks). Some flower growers do this: in the hot season, when watering is done every day, the weekly feed rate is divided into 7 parts and feed is administered with each watering. If a lump of earth is dry, you must first shed it with water.
For fertilizer fit any liquid universal formulations for flowering houseplants.
In winter, when the plant is resting, feeding should be canceled. With the onset of spring (March-April), pelargonium begins to feed fertilizer with a high content of potassium.
It is necessary to refrain from fertilizers after plant transplantation and give him time for acclimatization - about a month.
Pelargonium is considered a drought-resistant plant. It is recommended to water a flower only when the top layer of earth in a pot dries. However, it should not be allowed to dry strongly.
Excessive watering causes the leaves and stem to rot, and can kill the plant. Watering should be moderate. One of the signs that the earth com has started to dry up - if you touch the ground, it will not remain on your fingers. This means it's time to water. The frequency of watering may depend on individual conditions and air temperature - on average 1-2 days. In winter, watering should be reduced.
Pelargonium spray is not necessary. Excessive damp and poor ventilation can trigger fungal diseases.
By the way, these plants prefer dry air in our winter apartments more than high humidity. For this reason, pelargonium can be considered the rare flower that prefers a room to a greenhouse. Therefore, it should not be placed next to plants that require a humidifier.
Trimming and Pinching
Proper and regular pruning contributes to:
- Formation of a neat compact crown of a plant
- The emergence of lateral shoots and rudiments of inflorescences
- More lush bloom
- Obtaining quality planting material
Since among the room Pelargoniums there are a wide variety of varieties - with erect and dormant stems, dwarf, ampelous and tall species, one should approach the pruning in each case individually.
Depending on the variety, the formation of the flower crown may vary. However, there is a general rule - pruning should be regular. Do not run the appearance of the plant.
Pelargonium trimming technique
The cut is best done at a sharp angle with a blade, a sharp stationery or a thin kitchen knife. Scissors for this purpose are not recommended, as they pinch the escape at the cut point. The cut is made above the leaf node facing outwards. Then new shoots will not interfere with each other and thicken the crown.
In order to protect the flower from rotting and pest damage, it is necessary to sprinkle it with powdered charcoal.
If you want to remove a young shoot, you can just pinch it carefully, trying not to damage the main stem.
In addition, should be carried out "seasonal" pruning.
Autumn pruning is carried out after completion of flowering with two goals - to form a beautiful crown and improve the plant. To do this, remove all dried leaves, stems and flowers. And also the weak bared and stretched stems are shortened. Autumn pruning helps the plant to better endure the winter cold and keep strength until spring. At the same time, almost the entire ground part is trimmed (approximately at the level of 5-6 cm) with 2-3 holes remaining, with the exception of the royal pelargonium.
There is no need to be afraid of big pruning, because during the winter, with proper maintenance of pelargonium, the plant will catch up with everything and give young growth.
Autumn pruning and pinching can be done until the onset of winter. And only with the onset of December, the flower should be left alone. Some growers insist on an earlier period of rest. The difference in approach is explained by different conditions of the plant. It's one thing if you have the opportunity to arrange a real winter apartment with a cool temperature for your flower. Another thing, if your pelargonium is in a warm living room.
However, the general rule is as follows: the plant should rest (in a cool room until January). Then pelargonium is brought into the heat and waiting for it to grow. As soon as the flower began to grow, they pinch it again for pomp.
Spring pruning Pelargonium it is carried out in cases when the bush has grown strongly during the winter or is asymmetrically developed. This is best done with the approach of spring (end of February - beginning of March).
With spring pruning, the flower can be fed with nitrogenous fertilizer to accelerate the formation of shoots and green mass.
Pelargonium bush species are recommended to pinch after every 4th kidney.
Pelargonium varieties photos and titles
Royal Pelargonium its homeland is Southwest Africa. This species is a shrub about 9 cm high. The foliage is more rounded with a dissection, the leaf surface is either smooth or with slight pubescence. Pedicle contains 2-3 flowers each. Inflorescence in diameter of about 3.5 cm, whitish or with scarlet veins. Flowering begins in the spring.
Aromatic Pelargonium in natural conditions grows in the southern parts of the Cape Province. The bush is extensively branched and reaches a height of one meter. Foliage lobed with pubescence and outside and inside. Flowers have a pronounced pleasant smell. Inflorescences are collected in umbrellas with crimson and light pink shade. Flowering takes place in the summer.
Pelargonium fragrant represents a bush with a compact small trunk. The bush reaches a height of about 22 cm, the shoots are short, the foliage is more rounded in the shape of a heart. The width of the sheet is slightly serrated with a slight pubescence. Umbrella-shaped flowers up to 10 pcs. on a pedicel with a pleasant smell. The shade of a flower from light to pink. Flowering occurs in the summer.
In nature, it is more common in the South-East of the Cape. Green bushes in height reaching up to 1, 5 meters. Branches poured with pubescence. Foliage is more rounded, or with blades.
The surface of the leaf is either smooth or slightly pubescent along the surface with a chocolate-colored stripe. Flowers in the umbrella are in large quantities. The shade of the flowers is scarlet. Flowering lasts from spring to autumn.
Pelargonium tulip its inflorescences look like unblown buds of tulips with 7–9 petals. This subgroup is distinguished by blooming in a bouquet. This group was withdrawn in 1966 in Boston.
Ivy Pelargonium or ampelous. This type of plant with drooping branches in length to one meter. They are in demand for decorating balconies or in summer for disembarking the site as ground cover.
Foliage in ampelous species may vary in shape. The shade of flowers ranges from white to burgundy or black. The surface of the foliage is smooth and similar with ivy leaves, rough and unpleasant to the touch.
An interesting view with inflorescences resembling small sized bouquets of roses with unblown buds.
Currently, many varieties of rosewood geraniums have been bred. This type of pelargonium differs terry buds.
Pelargonium "Lara Harmony" represents a neat bush. Inflorescences are like rose pelargoniums. The flowers of the zonal pelargonium have a strong resemblance to roses. The height of the bush is standard up to 50 cm in height. Foliage has a rich green tint. Inflorescences full of terry varieties. The shade of a delicate crimson-colored flower.
Pelargonium "Passat" has terry inflorescences with a delicate pink shade of flowers. The umbrellas of the corrugation of flowers resemble a soft ball. This type of pelargonium must be cut to form a beautiful bush.
Pelargonium "Ainsdale Duke"
This species is represented by strong bushes covered with many leaves and double flowers of scarlet shade. On the surface of the sheet appears dark venation.
Pelargonium "PAC Viva Rosita" is the most popular variety. On strong shoots up to 20 flowers are formed on one umbrella. The diameter of a flower can reach up to 6 cm. The shade of a viva Rosite flower has a bright crimson hue.
Pelargonium "Sarah Hunt" represents a small compact bush. The leaves are light shade. The bush does not need formation. The flowers are a large shade of an unusual flower with the transition of tone to a light orange color. Inflorescences are formed as umbrellas.
Pelargonium "Marie Louise" This is a tulip-shaped plant with bright inflorescences of soft pink with a white tint. Petals of flowers on the edge of the corrugation. Flowers resemble unblown buds of tulips.
The plant, strong to temperature drops, does not demand additional lighting. Flowering begins at the end of winter and lasts the entire season. Trimming does not require.
Pelargonium care at home
Plant care does not make you spend a lot of time. Performing all the prescriptions of you, healthy flowering pelargonium will constantly please.
Lighting flower prefers in sufficient quantities. Then he does not lose the decorative look. It is better to shade from direct sunlight, and in the winter period with a lack of lighting it is better to add additional light sources.
The temperature regime for pelargonium should correspond to 20-25 degrees in summer and about 15 degrees in winter.
Watering the plant prefers a moderate permanent in the summer time to be watered as soon as the topsoil dries. In winter, watering should be reduced only if the room temperature has dropped.
Pelargonium does not like stagnant moisture, as it adversely affects the root system. When caring for a plant, it is better not to water it once more than to overwet it. Pelargonium has the property of an accumulative system of moisture, so it can do without water for a long time.
Spraying the plant is not necessary because it harms the flowers. Humidity does not matter much, the main thing is constant ventilation of the premises.
Fertilizers for geraniums
It is necessary to feed the plants throughout the growing season from spring to autumn. It is preferable to use fertilizers in liquid form and in slightly moistened soil.
To plant pleased you with abundant landscaping, you must pick up fertilizer with the addition of nitrogen.
Magnesium sulphate for pelargonium
This fertilizer is used when it is necessary to obtain a constant abundant flowering.
Magnesium with sulfur helps form a large number of buds. Used drug 15 grams per 5 liters of water. Only with the condition that the water will be at room temperature.
Also for the full development of the plant requires potassium and phosphorus, feed according to the package instructions. In winter, fertilizing should be excluded.
Pelargonium is transplanted before the beginning of the growing season, in spring. Juveniles require transplantation annually, adults less. Capacity for transplantation must be selected a few centimeters more. If the capacity is large, the plant will refuse to bloom.
Transplantation of pelargonium in the fall is not desirable, but if it is necessary, for any reason, it can be done.
Land can be purchased ready-made in a store or prepared by yourself. To do this, it is necessary to lay a good layer of drainage on the bottom.
And it is also necessary to mix the sheet soil, turf soil, sand and humus all in equal proportions.
Garden pelargonium must be cut off with the onset of cold weather in order for the plant to tolerate winter frosts normally. It is necessary to cut off half of its total height. Or transplant pelargonium for the winter in the pot.
Pruning pelargonium in autumn is necessary after it blooms.
Pelargonium plants are cut to form a crown and lush flowering. Such pruning is done at the end of winter, before the beginning of the growing season. After pruning, home plants lay a lot of new flowers for flowering.
Pruning is necessary to produce a good sharp blade and cut the escape obliquely giving the plant the desired shape.
Pelargonium breeding cuttings
To do this, cut the stalk length of about 7 cm, slightly dried for 24 hours and planted in the ground. Cover is not necessary. Care is the need to water from time to time.
After about 30 days, the plant takes root. Cuttings can be rooted in water, and planted in the ground after the roots appear. This method is applied at the end of winter and midsummer.
Pelargonium seed at home
Seeds are planted in a light soil of peat and sand, a little, moistened before sowing. Spread the seeds on the surface and sprinkle with a little soil. Cover with glass or film, creating greenhouse conditions.
Periodically opening for airing and watering. The temperature for the seed should be between 23 and 25 degrees. A few weeks after the emergence of shoots, the plants dive and lower the temperature to 20 degrees and contain in such conditions for about two months. And then planted in the right place. Seeds should be sown at the end of winter.
Pelargonium - Description
Pelargonium (lat. Pelargonium) - A plant of the geranium family. In nature, there are up to 350 species of plants, which are usually herbaceous perennials, but there are succulent plants and shrubs.
Home Pelargonium is surprising in the fact that it can act on people in a diametrically opposite way: one of the scent of Pelargonium becomes ill, and others it soothes and relaxes. Only some species of Pelargonium cultivated, but this does not mean that there is nothing to choose from.
In addition to their decorative qualities, Pelargoniums stood out and are useful - they are used in medicine and perfumery. Pelargonium essential oil is used not only as a fragrance for soap or perfume, but also is an excellent tool for purifying the air from harmful impurities and microorganisms.
Planting and care of pelargonium (in short)
- Bloom: from May to October.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- Temperature: in spring and summer - 25-30 ºC, in winter - no higher than 14 ºC.
- Watering: in spring and summer - 3-4 days after the topsoil in the pot dries. In winter - when the earth com will dry to a third of the depth.
- Air humidity: usual for residential premises.
- Top dressing: in spring and summer - once every two weeks with mineral fertilizer for flowering plants. After completion of flowering feeding stop.
- Rest period: from November to March.
- Trimming: annually during the period up to the beginning of March.
- Transfer: young plants - every year, and adults - when the roots are completely entwined with an earthy ball.
- Substrate: humus, leaf, sod land and sand in equal parts.
- Reproduction: seeds and cuttings.
- Pests: whiteflies and aphids.
- Diseases: root rot, gray rot, loss of leaves attractiveness due to the wrong conditions.
- Properties: Some types of pelargonium are poisonous!
Pelargonium seed propagation can lose varietal characteristics that need to be considered when planting. For sowing, they make up a soil mixture of equal parts of peat, sand and sod land, pour it into a low container. For quick germination, the temperature should be around 22 ° C, then the seeds will germinate within two weeks. Pelargonium seedlings dive into individual small pots, and when the pot becomes small, they are rolled into 9 cm pots in diameter. The first flowering with proper care is observed after a little over a year.
Reproduction of pelargonium cuttings.
Home Pelargonium is best propagated by apical cuttings. Cut the cuttings and root them either at the end of winter or at the end of summer. The cutting is cut apical, and the cut is made at an angle just below the node. On the handle should be at least three leaves. Best of all - from three to five sheets. The cuttings are left to dry for several hours, and before planting the cut-off area is treated with a root formation stimulator and pounded charcoal. The container is filled with a substrate of equal parts of turf land, sand and peat, and cuttings are planted around the perimeter. You can pinch the stalk to the flower pelargonium turned out lush. Емкость с черенками ставят на место с ярким рассеянным светом и регулярно опрыскивают почву. Через 15-20 дней черенки должны укорениться. Когда саженцы окрепнут, их рассаживают по индивидуальным горшкам. Нужно учитывать, что от размера горшка зависит обильность цветения: чем больше горшок, тем скудней цветет пеларгония.In 5-7 months after rooting, pelargonium will bloom.
Pelargonium capitatum / Pelargonium capitatum
The species is represented by evergreen dwarf shrubs growing to a height of up to 0.5 m with a small one. The shoots and leaves are downy. Shoots straight. Leaves as if crumpled, are divided into 3-5 parts, green. The inflorescence is umbrella-shaped. The flowers are sessile, grow in large numbers, pinkish (with shades of purple). The flowering period is mid-end summer. The leaves smell.
Pelargonium grandiflorum / Pelargonium grandiflorum
Evergreen shrub meter with a large number of branches. Leaves or lobed or dissected, kidney-rounded, or slightly pubescent or hairless. On the peduncle grows up to 3 white flowers with red veins, flowers in diameter grow up to 3-4 cm. Flowering falls in the middle of spring - the beginning of summer.
Pelargonium fluffy sheet / Pelargonium crithmifolium
These are succulent deciduous plants with thick creeping shoots. The leaves are divided into lobes of the feathery form and bluish color, reach a length of 8 cm, may be covered with hairs, and may be not hairy. Inflorescences are umbrella-shaped. Pedicle 1.5-2 cm long, the flowers grow 5-6 pieces, white, pharynx with red spots.
Pink pelargonium / Pelargonium radens
Evergreen one and a half meter shrubs with a large number of pubescent shoots. The leaves are pubescent on both sides: the bottom is soft, and the top is stiff hairs, the edges of the leaves are bent, the leaves are very deeply divided. Smell good. Peduncle umbellate, pubescent. The flowers are pink with dark veins, grow a few pieces on the peduncle.
Pelargonium angular / Pelargonium angulosum
Evergreen pelargonium grows to a height of 1 m. The leaves are a bit like an oak leaf, but the leaf lobes are wavy, not straight. Grow on a short scape. The inflorescence is umbrella-shaped. There are many flowers, most often bright red. With proper care, flowering falls at the end of summer - mid-autumn.
Pelargonium tetragon / Pelargonium tetragonum
This species is a deciduous shrub that grows up to 60-70 cm in height. Stems are straight, tetrahedral, light green or tinged with gray. Leaves heart-shaped, petiolate, covered with sparse hairs, grow to a width of 5 cm, the edge of the leaf is reddish-brown. Flowers usually consist of 5 petals of white color (with a cream or pink shade) - 3 large petals above, and 2 smaller ones below.
Pelargonium ciliary / Pelargonium peltatum
Ampelny evergreen shrub. Shoots are pubescent or bare. The leaves are fleshy, of a thyroid form, shiny, green, also pubescent or bare, divided into five lobes, the edges are smooth. The flowers are white, pink, red, going to a few pieces in umbellate inflorescences. It blooms from mid-spring to late summer.
From the history of plants
In the middle of the 17th century, the botanist Johannes Burman (Holland) argued that pelargonium and geranium, the difference between which is obvious, are not related plants. He wanted to distinguish them in different genera. Nevertheless, Karl Linney - a world-famous naturalist - at that time made up his own classification, where he united these plants into a single group. Then the bright bushes of flowering pelargonium were actively used in gardening gardens. Flower growers immediately assigned her name - geranium.
What are the similarities of geranium and pelargonium?
Both plants are part of the same family - geranium. This fact is considered to be the main similarity. The family combines 5 genera and 800 species of plants. The most numerous - geranium, the most famous and popular - pelargonium.
In fact, pelargonium and geranium are very similar in appearance. The difference at first glance is obvious only to a specialist. In one family, K. Linney took them because of the similarity of the fruit box. After fertilization, the pistil is pulled out and begins to resemble a crane's beak. Translated from the Greek language, pelargos means “stork”, and geranium means “crane”. Pelargonium and geranium are very similar to erect stems and alternately growing leaves. They are covered with fine hairs in both plants. Most geraniums have a special aroma. These are quite tenacious plants, unpretentious in leaving, loving the sun and easily breeding. As you can see, there are really many similarities between these beautiful bushes. Then the question arises: "What is the difference between geranium and pelargonium?" He is interested even experienced florist.
Pelargonium and geranium: the difference
These plants cannot be crossed with each other - they simply will not give seeds. This is due to different genetic characteristics. Pelargonium - a native of the southern edges, and geranium comes from the Northern Hemisphere. That is why geranium is able to bloom even at a temperature of +12 degrees, and the southern beauty-pelargonium needs only greenhouse or room conditions for wintering.
Pelargonium is most often grown in apartments, it decorates summer terraces and flower beds, it feels quite comfortable on the balconies, but in winter these flowers are cleaned in a warm room. Geranium is well growing and developing in the gardens, while not in need of shelter for the winter.
In our country, meadow and forest geraniums are found everywhere, with the exception of the Far Eastern and Northern regions, where for them too harsh climatic conditions.
How to distinguish geranium from pelargonium?
Geranium has flowers consisting of 5 or 8 petals. They are usually solitary, only occasionally gathering into inflorescences. Home Pelargonium differs corolla flower. It has an irregular shape - the two upper petals are slightly larger, the three lower ones are smaller. The flowers of pelargonium form large inflorescences. Geranium can be painted in a variety of colors (except scarlet). Pelargonium never has blue shades.
Geranium is a garden plant. He is very fond of gardeners. Especially popular varieties such as "gorgeous", "Georgian", "Oxford". Pelargonium blooms at home throughout the year. In summer, it can be taken out on the balcony or in the garden, but with the onset of cold weather, the plant should be brought into the house.
Pelargonium: features of care
How to grow pelargonium at home? This question interests novice florist. This flower is famous for its delicate pleasant aroma. It is produced by the essential oil contained in the leaves and stem of the plant. If you decide to grow pelargonium, then you need to know that its growth and development require the following conditions:
- correct regular watering
- good lighting,
- air temperature not lower than +12 degrees
Pelargonium loves warm and bright window sills. The room temperature is quite comfortable for it, but in winter the flower tolerates coolness better (allowable mode is +8. +10 o C). When illumination is not enough, pelargonium ceases to bloom or gives small, rare and not so bright flowers.
At home, the flower should be protected from direct sunlight. Pelargonium needs space, so make sure that other green pets do not interfere with it.
Water the flower should be only when the top layer of soil dries. An excess of moisture leads to rotting of the roots, which the plant will immediately tell you about, showing weakened sluggish leaves. In winter, watering is reduced. Pelargonium quite easily tolerates the lack of moisture.
The soil should be nutritious, containing garden soil, sand and peat. At the bottom of the pot should lay a large layer of drainage, sometimes the soil needs to be loosened - this will provide oxygen access to the roots of the plant. It is important to choose the size of the pot. It depends on the size of the root system. For geranium small containers are more suitable.
We hope that, after reading our article, you will understand what kind of flower grows on your windowsill - pelargonium or home geranium. Caring for these plants is simple, and their visual appeal is finding more and more admirers among gardeners.
Many lovers of flowering plants say that for a long time they were not pleased with their flowering not geranium, as they mistakenly believed, but pelargonium. Despite this, they still prefer these wonderful pets. Care of them is simple, and a beautiful view of a flowering bush pleases throughout the year.
What is geranium?
In Germany, geranium is called Storchschnäbe (stork nose), in England and the United States Cranesbil (Crane). This plant is widely distributed in all parts of Europe, Russia and the Caucasus. Geranium has been cultivated in England since the middle of the seventeenth century; it appeared in Russia at the beginning of the eighteenth century. Then the plant was widely distributed during the development of the Caucasus at the beginning of the XIX century.
Propagated by seeds and vegetatively (varietal geraniums). There are herbaceous and semi-shrub species. The soil is preferably loose, well drained. It grows on acidic, slightly acidic and neutral soils. As a rule, geraniums are shade-tolerant and frost-resistant, adapt well to the whims of nature and grow well in open ground.
Peduncles with 1-3 flowers, large and beautiful. The flowers are fully open to the plane with 5 evenly distributed petals. Petals are the same, almost round. 10 stamens, all developed, with anthers. The color is white, yellow, red, purple, blue and purple in different shades.
The leaves on the petioles in many species are soft-haired.
At the same time dissection of leaves of a geranium:
- Cirrus with 3-5 leaves (rare).
What is pelargonium?
From the Greek Pelargos (stork), also received its name in the form of ripe fruit. No wonder that geranium and pelargonium originate from the same geranium family. Unlike geranium, pelargonium comes from the hot climate of South Africa. This is a photophilous and drought-resistant plant. It is advisable to highlight the brightest place in the apartment, whose windows face south, south-west.
The flowers are collected in few- or multi-flowered umbrella inflorescences. They are divided into bush (lush, low) and ampelous (creeping like a vine, ivy with a long shoots). Pelargonium is with bright lush buds and fragrant, with fragrant leaves.
Most popular spray pelargoniums:
- Zonal (border around the edge of the flower).
- Royal (large flowers).
Zonal most common (75 thousand varieties) and are divided into:
- Clove colors,
The most unusual type of pelargonium is succulent. They are divided into:
- Angular Pelargonium.
- Fluffy sheet
What is the difference?
These two genera are very often confused and mistakenly called geranium, the most common fragrant plant in our homes with lush inflorescences, which in reality is pelargonium. The discrepancies in the name of pelargonium started from the middle of the 18th century (in 1738), when in Holland the botanist Johannes Burman proposed to isolate pelargonium into a separate genus.
In Sweden, the natural scientist Karl Linnee developed his own system for classifying species and combined both species into a common group. The similarity of geranium and pelargonium is manifested in the structure of the boll. It has a peculiar shape in the form of a crane head and an open crane beak.
It is found in meadows, forests and marshes. She fit the soil of the middle band. A geranium has single flowers, in which there are 5 petals, less often 8. Equal shape, size, color, petals are evenly spaced in the correct order. 10 stamens, all with anthers.
The colors in nature are blue-and-blue and violet, selection: white, pale pink, crimson. Scarlet shades are extremely rare. Pelargonium comes from South Africa, it is accustomed to the scorching rays and arid climate of the south. Therefore, pelargonium rather indoor plant, thermophilic.
It has pronounced decorative properties and lush inflorescences. Does not tolerate wintering in open ground, sensitive to cold. The flowers are collected in large zolotnye buds. The petals are asymmetrically arranged, the two upper ones are separated. Stamens 7, the rest are underdeveloped. Colors: white, pale pink, red. Two-color varieties have been developed in which petals with contrasting spots and strokes (rays).