Aconite, or otherwise - a wrestler, refers to the perennial plants. The name of this flower was not accidental. If translated from the Greek, Aconae means "rock, cliff", and Acontion - "arrows." By its appearance, the plant resembles the shape of an arrow - straight stems with alternating flat leaves. A wrestler is a poisonous grass that, together with a buttercup, enters into one family.
Due to its properties, aconite is actively used in decoration. It can develop well in the shade, while not whimsical to the soil, also a frost-resistant plant. The most popular type of planting is a group one, you can plant it, as well as on the edge of the lawn, and create a combination in the garden or in parks.
It is known that in the genus of this flower, there are about 330 species that are most often found in the Northern Hemisphere. In Russia, there are only 75 species.
The main types of aconite, and the description of the grass:
- Aconite Jungar. It is the most poisonous plant. It is also called: the king-grass, the wrestler-root.
- Aconite cloak - the view is quite complex and changeable, distributed in most of Europe. The konobuchkov akonite is often subdivided into other smaller species, based on the location and size of the flower.
- Aconite motley. The preferred location - forest glades, dotted with various herbs.
- Northern blue aconite. It has a potent alkaloid, which, when consumed in large doses, causes respiratory and heartbeat arrest.
- Wolf aconite. Prefers dampish high-grass spruce-deciduous forests. Habitat - banks of rivers and streams.
- Aconite Antra, or - antidote fighter. Mountain view, gives preference to neutral and moderately fertile soil.
- Aconite Karmichel. It has thick long stems and large beautiful flowers.
- Aconite of Karmichel Arendsey. The perennial flower forms powerful compact bushes.
- Wrestler It has flexible stems that twist around a support. It is grown in partial shade. It blooms late. In August, begins to bloom, and in September, gives its full strength.
- Aconite blue shoes. The name of the plant was due to the flowers of irregular shape, which resemble shoes.
The fact that each member of the genus looks like is influenced by several factors: the area where the flower grows, its heyday, the soil in which it grows, and the presence of sunlight.
Aconite, having a flower, a photo of which was provided, is pleasing to the eye. But do not forget about its toxicity.
Where grows in Russia
Aconite is most often seen in the European part of Russia. Especially the most common types of wild fighter.
Dubrovny fighter. Prefers a strip where soils are black earth. It is found on the steppe slopes, on the edges of deciduous forests, and among shrubs. Appearance: pale yellow flowers, pinnately dissected leaves.
North Aconite. Practically throughout European Russia it can be found, but it is most common in the northern part. It grows among shrubs and forests. Appearance: dirty lilac flowers, extremely rarely white, the hat of the flower has a conically-cylindrical shape.
Wrestler Flerov listed in the Red Book. You can only meet him in the Vladimir region in the Sherna River Basin. It grows in the valleys of small rivers along the gray alders. You can also find in the marshy floodplain meadows and lowland marshes. Appearance: purple flower, domed helmet.
Aconite woolly resistant. It is found in all European regions of Russia, with the exception of the Urals. Grows in forests and forests. Appearance: yellow or pale yellow flower, narrow helmet.
Aconite in the garden
To create your own unique composition, you should consider the flower's flowering period. If you plant aconite in groups, then due to its shape, interesting color and beautifully rugged leaves, a pleasant atmosphere is created, permeated with elegance.
Periods of flowering wrestler:
- Aconite high - flowers bloom in late May.
- Wrestler wrestler. The flowering period is May.
- White-faced wrestler - flourishing in June.
- Aconite oak - blooms in July.
- Garden wrestler. The flowering period is July.
- Aconite Fisher - flowers bloom in August.
- In August, blooms throughout the month - klobuchkovy wrestler, or - blue.
For registration of flower beds in the autumn, the aconite of Karmichel is preferred. Its appearance is striking beauty. Majestic inflorescences, which have a rich blue color, and carved bright greens, create their own unique composition.
In springtime, it is good to use cloak-knob aconite and wolf fighter for decoration. These species are low, so they look great in flowerbeds.
Planting and care
In order to grow in open ground aconite, does not require significant effort. This can be done by anyone, even a novice summer resident. But when landing, consider the following:
- Location The wrestler loves the shadow, so you should give preference to shady places. For example, under trees, in a shaded area, or under a tall and dense shrub.
- The soil. Aconite is not whimsical to the soil, but on stony ground, the plant will develop poorly. To improve the growth process, you need to plant a wrestler in a well-breathable soil, pre-fertilize its top layer with peat and organic, mineral fertilizers.
Care for aconite is as follows:
- Regular watering. The plant does not tolerate drought.
- Weeding and destruction of weeds. Although a wrestler fights weeds well, they provide a threat for young seedlings.
- Weeding and loosening the soil. This is done in order to saturate the soil with oxygen.
Application in landscape design
The active use of aconite in landscape design is related to the fact that the plant feels great in open ground. The flower is very beautiful and spectacular, so it is suitable for group planting and creating compositions, and for a single planting. It is perfectly combined with yellow-flowering plants, for example, with solidago (goldenrod).
Aconite and Solidago in the garden at Cawdor Castle, Scotland
A wrestler, due to his tallness, can serve as a backdrop for flowers that are lower than him. And also, given that the growth of a plant of this genus varies, you can create interesting gradients from aconite.
Curly types of flower, used to decorate the walls of arbors, or houses. Aconite, due to its growth, can easily disguise some detail that does not fit into the design of the landscape.
If you manage to play advantageously on the rich and bright colors of aconite flowers, then the photo sites will look exciting. And taking into account that a wrestler is a perennial flower, he will be happy for its beauty for a long time.
Use in traditional medicine
The use of aconite in folk medicine is quite extensive. It is used in the fight against mental illness, depression and nervous disorders. It also helps with dislocations and bone fractures, arthritis, rheumatism. Prevents paralysis relaxation of the tongue and bladder, as well as anemia, asthma, pleurisy. Apply a wrestler to improve vision and hearing. Contributes to the fight against stomach ulcers, liver and intestinal colic. Use against lice and scabies, psoriasis. Apply as wound healing, diuretic, antihelminthic.
- Aconite is a perennial herbaceous poisonous plant.
- In the genus there are many types of fighter, which are considered to be both wild and garden. Among them are those that are listed in the Red Book.
- In Russia, this plant can be found mainly in the European part.
- Everyone can admire aconite in his garden, as the flower is perfect for organizing the dacha.
- The wrestler is not whimsical to the ground. And if you follow all the stages of planting and caring for him, then the plant will show off for many years.
- Due to the fact that aconite develops well in open ground, it is actively used to create landscape design.
- This plant can be used in the fight against many ailments and diseases.
- Despite its beauty, aconite can be dangerous because it is very poisonous.
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Aconite cloak (Aconitum napellus) come from Eurasia. (By the way, the monk’s hood was called “the hood”, hence the name klobuchkovy.) It is he who is most often found in Russian gardens. Large bushes (up to 2 m high) with dark purple, sometimes almost black flowers are not only beautiful all season, but do not require a garter - their stems are strong and resistant. When the central part of the shoot blossoms, the lateral blooms, causing flowering to last for about a month. There are several natural forms of this species.
Aconite klobuchkovy form compact (A. napellus f. compacta). Up to 1 m tall. The flowers are gray-lilac or off-white. Blooms in the first half of July.
Aconite klobuchkov form lobeliform (A. napellus f. lobelianum). Height 1.2–1.5 m. Flowers in dense inflorescences are blue or blue-blue. BUT Glechraise form(f. Glecherries) - form with white flowers. They bloom in early July.
Aconite klobuchkovy form pyramid (A. napellus f. pyramidalis). Height 1–1.5 m. The flowers are purple-blue, very large. This subspecies - the source of the most beautiful varieties. Flowers 'Newry Blue' aqua. It blooms from July to August.
Aconite klobuchkovy form Tavrik (A. naurellus f. tauricum). Dwarf form with a height of about 60 cm. Originally from the vicinity of Salzburg and Tyrol. Varieties:
- `Blue Scepter` with purple-blue flowers and white center, gathered in thick brushes,
- 'Bressingham Spire' (height 90 cm) with purple-blue.
Aconite two-color (A. bicolor) in some sources attributed to subspecies of aconite klobuchkovogo, but more often it is isolated in a separate species. They are really very similar, but in aconite two-color flowers are white with a wide purple-blue edging.
Aconite motley syn. nosy (A. variegatum sin. Aconitum rostratum) from the foothills of Central Europe. It prefers overgrown forest glades. The height of the stems is up to 2 m, the leaves are strongly dissected, the flowers are large, blue, white with a blue edge or pure white. Flowering time - the end of July - September. Motley aconite also has natural forms:
- aconite motley form graceful(A. variegatum f. gracilis), beautiful and easily cultivated variety, height up to 1 m,
- aconite motley form Judenberg (A. variegatum f. judenbergense) with strong straight, but not very resistant stems more than 2 m tall,
- aconite variegated motley (A. variegatum f. variegatum) - thin stems are bent in the form of arches, require garters,
- aconite motley form narrow-cut (A. variegatum f. tennuisectum) with purple-blue flowers.
Aconite x saber(A. x cammarum) - a widespread hybrid, obtained by crossing the konobuchkov aconite, two-color aconite and variegated aconite. Very similar to them, but the stems are thinner (require light garters), the leaves are cut into narrower lobes, and the flowers have an elongated helmet. There are also low-growing varieties with dense buds, they do not need a garter. The best place for saber aconite x is half-shaded or sunny, but protected from direct rays during the hot time of the day. Garden varieties of aconite x saber (sometimes they are considered varieties of aconite klobuchkovogo):
- 'Rubellum' - flowers are pale grayish-pink,
- 'Eleonora' - white flowers with a narrow blue edging,
- `Nachthimmel` -with very large dark purple flowers,
- 'Franz Marc' and 'Caerulleum' - with blue flowers.
In addition to these, the most common and simple in the cultivation of aconite, there are some fairly rare, but very spectacular species.
Aconite Wolf (A. lycoctonum, A. vulparina). Hailing from Europe, it grows in damp, high-grass spruce-deciduous forests, on the banks of rivers and streams. The height of the stems is from 60 cm to 2 m. The flowers are sulfur-yellow in color, and the height of the helmets is almost twice the width of the flower.
North Aconite (A. septentrionale). Originally from Sweden. Very similar to the wolfish aconite. It differs from it only in the color of the flowers: they are dirty-purple. Popular is its variety 'Ivorine' with white flowers. This is the most early flowering species, the beginning of flowering occurs at the end of June.
Aconite antorra (A. anthorra). Mountain view, height only 30–40 cm, homeland - Alps, Pyrenees, Caucasus. Straight stems crowned with large sulfur-yellow flowers. Loves a neutral and moderately fertile soil. On fertile grows to 60–90 cm. Blooms in mid-July.
Aconite Karmichel (A. warmichaelii). Originally from the Far East and from China. Very beautiful view with thick tall (up to 2 m) stems and very large flowers. It blooms late, in late August - September, and only in an open sunny place. The flowers are blue. There is a subspecies with a cornflower blue color - aconite karmichel form wilson (A. sarmichaelii f. wilsoniana sin. Aconite x arendsii).
Very handsome curly aconite (Aconitum volubile) with flexible stems (more than 2 m), wrapped around the support. His homeland is Korea, Siberia. Beautiful carved leaves, graceful dark purple flowers in loose tassels, hanging from supports, resemble Chinese silk miniatures. There is a form with white flowers. This species requires planting in the penumbra.
Types and varieties
The most popular among gardeners is the hood aconite (the name of the flower was due to the similarity of the shape of the flower with the hood of a monk - the hood) or blue. This plant grows up to 150 cm in height. Blooms in blue flowers from July until the end of summer. In addition to decorative use, it has medicinal use. A wrestler of this species winters well without shelter in our latitudes. Due to the variety of forms of klobuchkov aconite, many plant varieties have been developed. For example:
- Albiflorus - a plant with white flowers,
- Carneum - aconite with beige-pink flowers,
- Eleonora - a variety of white flowers with a red border,
Eleonora Rubellum - a variety with pink blooms,
May be of interest as a decorative culture, and other types of aconite:
- Fisher's aconite (homeland is the Far East, plant height is up to 150 cm, flowers are blue, white)
- woolly-resistant aconite (densely pubescent shrub, up to 1 m high, large yellow flowers),
Woolly aconite wolf (bush, 50 cm tall, with light yellow flowers, summer bloom, up to 50 days),
Curly types of aconite: curly aconite and arcuate aconite. To appreciate the beauty of aconite, you can see the photo of the flower.
Why put a wrestler in the garden
The beauty of a large plant with a bright and long flowering, of course, attracts the eye, and many gardeners want to see aconite in their flower garden.
The wrestler looks great, planted alone, or in a group with other plants. Aconite is harmoniously combined with daylilies, delphiniums, irises, peonies, astilba, large daisies. The combination of blue or purple aconite flowers and bright yellow flowers (for example, golden goldenrod balls) looks spectacular. Curly types of aconite decorate fences, gazebos. Plus plants and that the wrestler is unpretentious, and grows well in our difficult climate zone.Plant in the garden
If you correctly select the types and varieties of aconite, then you can admire the bright "candles" of the plant throughout the season. The aconite season opens high, dissolving in late May. In June, aconite wool-resistant and white-haired joins it. In July, the wrestling oak (Antora), paniculata, is dissolved August bloom in aconite Fisher, klobuchkovogo and climbing species. The combination of large bright inflorescences of aconite with lace foliage allows you to plant aconite to the foreground of flower arrangements.
Attention! It should be remembered that the plant is extremely poisonous! It is possible to work with it only in rubber gloves. If children and pets are often on the site, it is better to refuse planting aconite.
In addition to beauty, aconite has found application in traditional medicine. Preparations on the basis of aconite are used to treat nervous disorders, depression. A wrestler helps in the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, asthma and pleurisy. Helps with stomach ulcers, intestinal colic, infection with parasites. Externally, used to combat scabies, lice, as a wound healing agent.
Despite the obvious medicinal benefits of the plant, it should be used only after consulting a doctor, and under the strict supervision of a specialist.Collection of recipes
History in medicine
Austrian doctor Anton von Sterk is the first to pay attention to this flower. He outlined the documents, which described all the properties of this plant.
With the help of experiments, he wanted to determine the desired rate of juice use of the Dzungarian aconite. In the 60s of the 19th century, an article on the treatment of oncology was published in one of the London editions. In this article, aconite was described as the main medicine in the fight against cancer.
Советский врач Таисия Васильевна Закаурцева тоже заметила полезные лечебные свойства джунгарского аконита. С помощью него она лечила больного онкологией, после чего опухоль у него уменьшалась.
Когда опухоль достигла маленького размера, она хирургическим методом удалила ее. Таким способом вылечила несколько больных этой болезнью. В середине 20 века в советской медицине стали широко использоваться только два вида борца (джунгарский, каракольский). А джунгарский аконит по сей день пользуется популярностью при лечении онкологических заболеваний.
На западе Европы специалисты цветоводческого хозяйства применяют это растение. Наиболее красивые виды – это Aconitum lycoctonum и Aconitum stoerckeanum. А также один из видов называется «биколор».
These and other types of aconite form a common beautiful “pattern” on a plot of land. Also, gardeners are engaged in their planting and breeding, because they will not reach the insects that will harm these plants, as they are very poisonous.
Aconite can even “bring” honey. But bees rarely sit on this flower. For them to collect nectar, there should be no other plants nearby. In most cases, the bees simply died while collecting nectar.
Dzungarian aconite is an antiseptic and analgesic. It helps to heal old wounds.
People who suffer from radiculitis and osteochondrosis, Jungar aconite can ease the pain.
Suffering from an ulcer, in very small doses, can drink the juice of a Dzungarian wrestler. Grass made from Jungar aconite will help with fracture of various bones.
Aconite can bring both great benefit and great harm. Use it for medical purposes should only be under the supervision of a physician.
Medicines made from aconite must be stored in hard-to-reach places for children. It is better to use aconite as an anesthetic, as in this case it should be consumed in small doses.
Do not forget: any kind of fighter is a poisonous flower, watch the following video about it:
Description of aconite
The genus includes more than 300 species, distributed in temperate regions of Europe, Asia and North America. Perennial rhizomatous or root-grassing herbaceous plants with erect, less often - winding or climbing stems 50-150 cm in height (in climbing plants up to 400 cm). Rhizomes oblong-ovate to 5 cm long and 2 cm wide. The depth of root penetration into the soil is 5-30 cm. The leaves are palmate-separate, dissected or lobed, dark green, arranged in a regular manner.
The flowers of aconite irregularly shaped blue, purple, rarely white, yellow or variegated. The coronoid calyx consists of five sepals, the upper one having the form of a helmet, under its cover there are two petals turned into nectaries. The flowers are collected in a simple or branched racemose inflorescence up to 50 cm long. Bloom from July to late September. The fruit is a multi-seeded leaflet with straight or curved teeth. Seeds are small, gray, brown and black, in 1 g to 450 pieces, remain viable for 1-1.5 years.
Most popular hood aconiteit's blue. A very volatile complex species common in most parts of Europe, sometimes divided into smaller native species. For example, in the Carpathians ebony is hard and aconite is low, in the Alps - aconite is dense.
The variability of this species, which allows you to choose from a variety of forms, contributed to its spread in gardens, but also became the cause of the terrible confusion in the names. Other close species, also introduced into the culture, did not add clarity. it aconite paniculata - Southern European species, with branched stem. Flowers on long splayed stalks create a loose brush, seeds with 1 wing. Aconite motley - as if an intermediate link between them, combines the features of both. It occurs together with them in the same places, in particular, in the Carpathians. And finally aconite Cammarum two-color ShterkaOr elegant - a hybrid of motley and blue, finally confuses everything. It combines the features of both parents, but it has a more interesting, often two-tone color of the flower. This contributed to the fact that he has long and firmly established himself in our gardens, speaking in the form of different varieties: “Bicolor” (‘Bicolor‘) - strongly branched, with short inflorescences of white flowers with a purple border. “Grandiflorum Album” (‘Grandiflorum album‘) With long tassels of pure white flowers,“ Pink Sensation ”(‘Pink sensation‘) Pink.
Wrestler, or Aconite Lamarck (Aconitum lamarckii). © Carl Lewis
Many species of Aconite are winter-hardy. When placing in the garden you need to consider that Aconite Antorra (Aconitum anthora) and Aconite Karmichel (Aconitum carmichaelii) should be planted in elevated sunny places. The rest is easy to put up with waterlogging.
Aconite well tolerated transplant. It is convenient to do it in spring or autumn, when the stems have not yet grown or have already been cut. The size of the landing pit should be such that it easily fits the rhizome. Before planting, the pit is filled with full mineral fertilizer (15–20 g per planting pit). The root neck is buried by 1-2 cm.
Aconite is very easy to propagate vegetatively, by dividing the rhizomes: in spring or autumn, the bush is easily divided into parts. The landing distance should be at least 25–30 cm.
Reproduction is possible by seeds. But in the Akonites the seed germ is not fully developed, so the seeds can rise only after a year, when they ripen. It is possible to achieve more rapid germination of seeds, using preplant preparation, in particular, stratification. Seedlings bloom usually in the 2-3rd year. Varietal characteristics during seed multiplication are not preserved.
Care of Aconite usual: loosening, dressing, weeding, removal of dried inflorescences, in dry time - watering.
Plants are often affected by powdery mildew.
Wrestler Hemsley, or Aconite Hemsley (Aconitum Hemsleyanum). © beartomcat
Planting aconite seeds
Aconite propagated by seeds, cuttings, dividing a bush or daughter tubers. Seeds are sown in the fall in the year of collection on slightly shaded areas with wet soil. Shoots appear in the spring of next year. When spring sowing seeds germinate in a year and their germination is significantly reduced.
Two-stage stratification is recommended: warm at 20..25 ° C for about a month and cold at 2..4 ° C for up to three months, after which the seeds germinate together at room temperature. In the stage of one or two leaves, the aconite seedlings swoop at a distance of 10 cm, and in the fall they plant in a place according to the scheme 25 x 30. Young plants bloom in 2-3 years. Varietal characteristics during seed multiplication are not preserved.
The use of aconite in garden design
A wrestler is used in single and small group landings, mixborders. Climbing views are spectacular in the vertical gardening of arbors and porches. Inflorescences of aconites can be used for bouquets. Cutting is done when one third of the flowers bloom. Used in medicine. Some species are listed in the Red Book.
Although aconites are decorative throughout the season due to the thick and beautifully cut leaves, flowering adds charm to them. The first starts to bloom aconite high (Aconitum septentrionale) - already at the end of May its flowers are revealed. Woolen wrestler (Aconitum lasiostomum), and then Wrestler (Aconitum leucostomum) pick up the baton in June, in July they are joined aconites oakwood (Fighter antidote, or Akonit Antora (Aconitum anthora)), paniculate (Garden fighter (Aconitum cammarum)), some varieties of kammarum, and in August they are already blooming aconite Fisher (Aconitum fischeri), climbing species and many of the group wrestlerit's blue (Aconitum napellus). Aconite blooms long, usually stretching for a month or more.
A wrestler or Aconite belouste, or belorasty, or pale erect (Aconitum leucostomum). © Jan Wolf Woolling wrestler (Aconitum lasiostomum). © Laumas Strazdinas Wrestler or Aconite Fisher (Aconitum fischeri). © Caitlin W.
Varieties of Akonit Klobuchkovy:
- ‘Blue Scepter’ with purple-blue flowers and white center, gathered in thick brushes,
- ‘Bressingham Spire’ (height 90 cm) - with purple-blue.
Aconite two-color (Aconitum bicolor) in some sources attributed to subspecies of aconite klobuchkovogo, however, more often it is isolated in a separate species. They are really very similar, but in aconite two-color flowers are white with a wide purple-blue edging.
Wrestler or Aconite two-tone (Aconitum bicolor). © Isachkin A.V.
Wrestler or aconite motley (Aconitum variegatum) from the foothills of Central Europe. It prefers overgrown forest glades. The height of the stems is up to 2 m, the leaves are strongly dissected, the flowers are large, blue, white with a blue edge or pure white. Flowering time - the end of July - September. Motley aconite also has natural forms:
- Aconite colorful form elegant (Aconitum variegatum subsp. gracile), beautiful and easily cultivated variety, height up to 1 m,
- Akonit motley form Judenberg (Aconitum variegatum subsp. judenbergense) with strong straight, but not very resistant stems more than 2 m tall.
Garden wrestler, or garden aconite (Aconitum cammarum) - a widespread hybrid, obtained by crossing the konobuchkov aconite, two-color aconite and variegated aconite. Very similar to them, but the stems are thinner (require light garters), the leaves are cut into narrower lobes, and the flowers have an elongated helmet. There are also low-growing varieties with dense buds, they do not need a garter. The best place for saber aconite x is half-shaded or sunny, but protected from direct rays during the hot time of the day. Varieties of aconite garden:
- ‘Rullum‘- flowers pale grayish-pink,
- ‘Eleonora‘- white flowers with a narrow blue edging,
- ‘Nachthimmel‘- with very large dark purple flowers,
- ‘Franz marc‘And‘Caerulleum‘- with blue flowers.
In addition to these, the most common and simple in the cultivation of aconite, there are some fairly rare, but very spectacular species.
Wrestler north, or Wrestler high, or Ordinary wrestler (Aconitum septentrionale). Originally from Sweden. Very similar to wolf aconite. It differs from it only in the color of the flowers: they are dirty-purple. His white-flowered or Ivorine ’variety is popular. This is the most early flowering species, the beginning of flowering occurs at the end of June.
A wrestler or Aconite northern, high, or ordinary (Aconitum septentrionale). © naturgucker
Wolf aconite (Aconitum lycoctonum). Hailing from Europe, it grows in damp, high-grass spruce-deciduous forests, on the banks of rivers and streams. The height of the stems is from 60 cm to 2 m. The flowers are sulfur-yellow in color, and the height of the helmets is almost twice the width of the flower.
Wolf aconite (Aconitum lycoctonum). © naturgucker
Antidote fighter, or Aconite Antra (Aconitum anthora). Mountain view, height only 30–40 cm, homeland - Alps, Pyrenees, Caucasus. Straight stems crowned with large sulfur-yellow flowers. Loves a neutral and moderately fertile soil. On fertile grows to 60–90 cm. Blooms in mid-July.
Fighter antidote, or Anconit Anthora (Aconitum anthora). © Carl Lewis
Wrestler karmichel, or Aconite Karmichel (Aconitum carmichaelii). Originally from the Far East and from China. Very beautiful view with thick tall (up to 2 m) stems and very large flowers. It blooms late, in late August - September, and only in an open sunny place. The flowers are blue. There is a subspecies with a cornflower blue color - Karmichel aconite form Wilson.
Wrestler or Aconite Karmichel (Aconitum carmichaelii). © Patrick
Very handsome Wrestler, or Aconite winding (Aconitum volubile) with flexible stems (more than 2 m), wrapped around the support. His homeland is Korea, Siberia. Beautiful carved leaves, graceful dark purple flowers in loose tassels, hanging from supports, resemble Chinese silk miniatures. There is a form with white flowers. This species requires planting in the penumbra.