Grapes Libya is a relatively young variety, but has already managed to win the sympathy of experienced gardeners. Thanks to its varietal qualities, Libya is increasing its popularity in private viticulture. Not every gardener is familiar with the description of its properties due to the novelty of this variety of grapes. Useful information about the characteristics of the cultivation of grapes of this variety will help avoid typical mistakes and get a good harvest of sweet berries.
The history of the origin of nutmeg berries
The authorship of the variety belongs to the inhabitant of Zaporozhye V.V. Zagorulko. The results of this breeder's labor are grape varieties already familiar to Russian growers:
Livia Zagorulko brought by crossing table grape varieties Arkady and Flamingo. Libya has inherited from the parent forms excellent external data marketability.
At home (Ukraine), the variety is entered in the Register of Breeding Achievements in 2011. This grape table variety is considered to be early ripening, its ripening period is 105–110 days from the beginning of bud breakage to the removable ripeness of the berries.
Description grape varieties Libya
Young vines of Libya have a light brownish color. The flowers in this variety are of two types: both male and female. Their homeliness does not detract from the taste of future fruits, because the berries ripen incredibly tasty, with a slight tinge of nutmeg.
The color of berries - from light to dark pink. In one brush can be marked and pink and yellow berries. It's all about the uneven occurrence of technical ripeness, and the color of each berry changes as it ripens.
Libya's berries are large, do not contain a lot of seeds, have a beautiful light pink color
More often, the varieties of Libya berries are oval, often round, their dimensions - 2.5 cm by 2.8 cm (width and length, respectively). The weight of one grape is about 10–15 g, the pulp is sweet and juicy, there are few seeds (2-3 pieces).
The berries are collected in large brushes, which most often take a cylindrical structure or do not have a certain shape. The weight of this brush varies within a kilogram, and the length is up to 25-30 cm.
The leaves on the shoots - light green, without pubescence. The first leaf is whole, while others are formed five-lobed and moderately dissected. The adult vine in Libya is strong, powerful, lengthening considerably upward.
Characteristic variety of grapes Libya: its advantages and disadvantages
Characteristic features of the grape variety are Libya - endurance under adverse weather conditions and resistance to most diseases.
An important advantage of the variety is large fruit. The fruits do not feel tough skin and astringent taste. But the nutmeg aroma lasts a very long time - almost a month after the harvest. The excellent taste and nutritional properties of the berries characterize this grape variety. The concentration of acids in fruits is 6–9 grams per liter, while the level of sugars in them is 20–23%. Due to this, this grape variety is referred to as winegrowers "candy."
Good transportability and marketable appearance are qualities for which Libya is valued. It is possible to keep the fruit for a month.
Libya today bred not only privately, but also on an industrial scale. This variety is self-pollinated, because on the site you can place a single bush of Libya for the experiment. Even in this case, it will turn out to collect a good harvest. At the same time, it is able to ripen only on moderately loaded vines, while on overloaded branches, the yield indicator is only 70–80%.
The disadvantages of the variety Libya are few, but the gardener should be aware of them:
- the heterogeneity of the coloring of the berries on the brush,
- weak resistance to such ailment as oidium. It is dangerous because all the leaves on the plant are covered with gray mold. The problem is solved by means of fungicidal treatments. The mildew resistance of Libya is somewhat higher, although preventive treatments will not be superfluous for the plant,
- high probability of wasp damage,
- low resistance to frost - survival is possible only up to -21 0 C.
Basic landing rules
Grape varieties Libya may grow on the site through one of two possible methods - seedlings or grafting. The least troublesome way - planting ready seedlings. Its advantage is that the vine will quickly grow in height, the taste characteristics of the berries will be quite high.
What should the sapling look like before planting:
- There are no signs of diseases and insects.
- Preserved 2-3 buds.
- Every root is alive, the cut points are green.
- Cropped root tips are processed by the root stimulator.
Necessary conditions for planting Libya grape saplings:
- well lit area
- any building (house, porch, etc.) can act as a support, as well as protect the plant from drafts and strong winds,
- Any soil is suitable for Libya, it is always possible to fertilize it with organic or mineral components.
The ideal solution for arranging a vineyard is a place on the sunny side with loose and nutritious soil, representing sandy loam or light loam. Improving the composition of the soil contributes to the introduction of organic matter directly at the time of planting the seedling.
In areas of medium latitude and with cool weather, Libya bushes are seated on the site in the spring, without waiting for the vegetative buds to grow.
The sequence of planting seedlings:
- Dig a hole 80 cm deep (depth depends on the size of the seedling - it should be 4 times the size of the latter).
- Half of its volume is laid with humus, and soil or sand is put on top of it, on which the roots of the seedling are placed. You can not put the roots immediately on the humus to avoid burns on them.
- By burrowing the seedling, be careful not to injure the already rather fragile roots.
- Above the surface of the soil leave two buds. In regions with a warm climate, the seedling is placed in such a way that one bud is on the ground level and the other is higher.
- The rest of the seedling is pruned.
Planting seedlings should be carried out with extreme caution, trying not to damage the delicate roots.
Planting of young bushes is made in autumn or spring.. Short stalks of the first year of life are tied to pegs. For two-year-old shoots and older, an already strong support is required, which is a trellis.
How to properly organize the care of a plant to get a good harvest
Grapes varieties Libya demanding timely and proper care - this will allow you to get the crop in the required amount, remove the sweet and juicy berries. Caring for this grape variety is similar to that of most grape varieties and includes procedures:
Livia feels comfortable on well-watered soil. Most of all, this grape needs watering before flowering and after it. Increase the rate of watering and during a period of severe drought, but should be careful not to over-moisten the plant. Otherwise increases the risk of putrid and moldy processes. Regulate the volume of watering according to the state of foliage. Its brown color indicates that the soil is saturated with moisture in the heat. The danger to the health of grapes indicates a dark green shade of the leaves - it may indicate the emergence of chlorosis.
Chlorosis of grapes is the inability of the plant to produce photosynthesis due to the lack of iron in the soil. The disease manifests itself in the form of yellow spots on the leaves.
With strong chlorosis, the leaves of the grapes begin to become stained, which threatens to kill the plant.
Soil mulching in autumn and spring is a prerequisite for growing this form of grapes. A layer of organic matter not only contributes to the retention of water in the soil, but also serves as an additional insulation in case of frost. Sometimes acts as a source of food, as mulch for grapes Libya is often humus.
During the period of rapid growth of vines, grapes require additional feeding, especially potash-phosphorus and organic. The best way to apply fertilizer is in dry form directly under the bush.
Since the bushes of Libya grow strongly in length, they are sometimes subjected to short pruning. The procedure is performed to increase the rates of fruiting. At the same time the vines are shortened by 4-6 eyes.
Type of pruning chosen according to the age of the plant
The recommended number of eyes to save on one bush - 45 pieces. This figure is called the tenants with experience. They note that a greater number of preserved eyes will affect the deterioration of yields due to the appearance of immature grapes on the vine. Do not recommend also tearing off the leaves. If a large number of flowers are formed on one bush, it is advised to remove some of them.
Be sure to regulate the formation of shoots and stepchildren in Libya. Prior to flowering, excess fruit-bearing shoots pinch, remove the stepchildren, which allows to preserve the strength of the plant for development and fruit formation.
If the region has frosts of more than -21 0 С, plants must cover for the winter. Shoots are cut and laid to the ground, remove the remnants of dry foliage and berries, treated with fungicides. Such materials serve as shelter:
Gardeners reviews about growing Libya
Libya is one of my favorite varieties. Under our conditions, she has one problem - poor maturation of the vine at the slightest overload, she is exposed to this trouble even more than her ancestor, Arkady. But if you do not load the escape of replacement, then such problems do not arise. And I love this variety for delicate nutmeg and delicate berry with inconspicuous skin.
And I have another problem, the berry is burning in the sun. It is necessary to additionally cover the grapes. And the rest is just gorgeous.
Livia with two treatments Thanos every year I have enough mildew. Yesterday I removed it, I didn’t measure sugar, but it tastes cloyingly sweet, like Super Extra. It is necessary to do one more processing, on several leaves a mildew appeared: bf :. This year, after the strongest hail, we had to remove 30 percent of the berries:: (: but, but so far the rot does not develop, just before the hail did the processing with a switch.
My vine on Libya always ripens to the top of the trellis. And the bush at the standard shelter without any visors winters fine.
Grape variety Libya is ranked among the unique breeding varieties that are developed as a result of a single or multiple selection of different varieties. He has already managed to catch the fancy of local growers. The variety is great for growing in areas non-traditional for viticulture and does not require special knowledge and skills. Livia is distinguished by unpretentiousness and high yield, and huge sweet berries with an amazing caramel flavor like both adults and children.
The grape variety Libya was bred by a group of Ukrainian breeders led by V. Zagorulko. by crossing two varieties of Flamingo and Arcadia. In Ukraine, it was registered in 2011. The variety reached Russia a few years later and was officially entered into the State Register of our country only in 2014. The patent holder is the Magarach Scientific Research Institute. Recommended variety for use only in the North Caucasus region.
It is interesting that in the state register there is a variety of grapes Libya K registered in the same year, which coincides in many ways with the source code, the only owner is the Kuban State University. Trubilin. In addition, Libya K is recommended for cultivation in all regions of Russia. Apparently, it is a slightly modified clone of Libya, since the authors are almost the same.
Shrubs varieties Libya large enough and powerful in adulthood. Growth energy is pretty strong. The first bottom sheet is formed solid, while the others are five-lobed with an average dissection. The pubescence of the leaves is missing. Young shoots are characterized by a light brown color.
Grapes varieties Libya is characterized by very early ripening. From the beginning of bud break to the first removal of ripe berries, it can take only about 100 days. That is, in late July - early August, you can begin to feast on sweet grapes.
The flowers of Libya are bisexual, i.e. they are able to pollinate themselves without grafting next to other grape varieties.
The first fruits appear in the vine of this variety in about 3-4 years after planting.
The number of fruit-bearing shoots is quite large - 70-80% relative to the total number of branches.
Usually one-year shoots have time to fully mature for the winter. If they are overloaded with excessive harvest, the aging of the shoots will be only 75-85%. From this it follows that the rationing of flower brushes - a mandatory procedure for grapes Libya.
Frost resistance of the bushes is not strong. Probably for this reason, the variety was not recommended for cultivation in the regions north of the Rostov region. Without shelter, the bushes can withstand only up to -21 ° C.
Diseases of the Libya grape bushes are affected to a moderate degree. Resistance to mildew and oidium is about 3.5-4 points.
25-30 kg from a bush
The average weight of one bunch
The average weight of one berry
Sugar content in fruits
Yield of products
The variety is characterized by a fairly large size of clusters. On average, it weighs 500-600 grams. But the mass of individual clusters can reach up to 1.5 kg.
The length of the bunch can reach 25-30 cm.
The shape of the clusters is mainly conical-cylindrical, but there are also shapeless and even branchy representatives.
Clusters have medium friability.
Unfortunately, the berries of this variety have a great attraction for wasps. Therefore, during periods of ripening, the bunches must be protected with the help of special net bags.
Variety Libya has a high and stable yield of the crop. With one bush you can get up to 30 kg of delicious berries. On an industrial scale, this is reflected in the production of about 170 grams of grapes per hectare.
Grapes varieties "Libya" grow a long time. But recently problems with wasps began. Therefore, the yield decreased slightly. This year we plan to hang the bait with honey for wasps, if it does not work, then we will hide individual garron bags in gauze bags. The main advantage of this variety is that it is not capricious, and this is very important for our family.
Once a neighbor treated him to Livia grapes. The reviews about it on the Internet are only positive, and I really liked it. So I asked my neighbor for a few cuttings. It took root pretty quickly, however, the first harvest was not yet, as we planted the shrub only a few years ago. I hope that next year we will harvest the first harvest.
I am a grower with experience. There are a lot of different varieties growing in my garden, but Libya is my favorite. Productivity is always large, large, large, and elementary care. I water the shrubs only twice a season. I use it as for making wine, and just for eating.
History of grape selection Libya
Top Libya is table grapes bred in a hybrid way on the banks of the Dnieper. The authorship of this hybrid belongs to the famous breeder Vitaly Zagorulko, who lives in Zaporozhye. The interbreeding of the Middle Aged Pink Flamingo and Arkady's early white grapes gave birth to such a successful outcome of popular selection. Libya was entered in the Ukrainian State Register of Breeding Achievements for Industrial Cultivation in 2011, but its distribution has recently begun.
Tall, with a strong trunk, thick stems and a dense covering of foliage. The bark of young branches is light green, as they grow darken to light brown. The first leaf is whole, then the leaves are dissected into broad five-lobed ones.
With growth, many shoots and stepchildren are formed. During the flowering period, the vine is hung with developed inflorescences. The flowers are small, bisexual: male and female, therefore Libya does not require additional pollination.
On the vine, both primary and reserve dormant buds are capable of fruiting. All of them are closer to the base of the stem.
The young processes are tied up to the stakes, and further, taking into account the stretching of the vines up to 2-3 meters, the installation of strong trellis is mandatory.
It looks like a vine with berries variety Libya
A distinctive characteristic of Libya grapes is its ability to withstand temperatures down to minus 20 degrees.
The prevalence of common fungal diseases is moderate. Often suffers from gray rot, less often from false (mildew) and real (oidium) powdery mildew. These diseases can be protected by preventive treatments with fungicides.
Before the blooming of the floral ovary, the grapes are sprayed with Bordeaux mixture or its analogues. To prevent damage to the vine with various pests (mites, leafworms, etc.) can be insecticides.
Искусственно выращенная ягодная культура Ливия требует заботы, как и многие другие гибриды, но ее нельзя назвать особо капризной, годится как для промышленного, так и любительского виноградарства.
Planted in open ground in two ways: seedlings or grafting. The plot for the grapes should be lit, without shading. This variety is predisposed to self-pollination, therefore it can bear fruit during single landings.
Prefers a light loamy, fertile soil. It is necessary to mulch the earth twice: in spring and autumn, preferably with humus, which will not only retain moisture and protect it during a cold snap, but also feed it.
The plant needs regular phosphate and potash supplements. Improves high-yielding and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
It is recommended to be careful with watering, it is better to limit the flow of water. Excess moisture can cause diseases, fruits can burst. Experienced amateur gardeners look after the leaves: when the heat or humidity they turn brown, they turn dark green with chlorosis.
During the season, the grapes need not only a short circumcision of 2-6 eyes, but also extracting the excess ovary and the correct formation of a bush with 3-4 sleeves, which are shortened in the autumn months. Watch out for the congestion of the branches: their abundance, on which part of the grapes just can not ripen, only harms the yield. Therefore, people with experience ruthlessly destroy part of the clusters, to give the opportunity to ripen the rest.
Where to remove bunches? Where there is no chance for them to survive, substitution knots, weakened, with undeveloped foliage above the brush.
Livia grapes tolerate cold to -21 ° C, but during frosty winters, it is covered with film, straw, and any other improvised means to maintain it. Before that, all branches should be laid on the ground, previously cut, removing dead wood and treating with fungi preparations.
7 basic principles of care:
- accommodation on the sunny side
- limited watering
- compulsory pruning
- removal of overload,
- soil mulching
- introduction of organic and mineral fertilizers,
- Shelter for the winter with frost.
Differs in accelerated ripening and frost resistance, for which it is especially valued in Russia. Harvest can be collected in the third season, the fruits reach ripeness in 3-3.5 months in favorable weather, even in a cool climate.
The vineyard produces 25-30 kg from a bush, and in agriculture - almost 170 centners (17000 kg) per hectare.
The grapes of Libya ripen early, literally in 100-110 days. Gives large miracle berries of 8-15 g, each almost 3x2 cm in size, like a 5-ruble coin.
Huge brushes, densely sprinkled, grow up to a quarter of a meter in length and weigh from 600 g to 1 kg. Small berries, the so-called "peas", no.
The novelty provoked a stir among growers and amateur gardeners. Interest is growing constantly. There are practically no negative assessments among people who have tried to breed this culture.
A third of the dacha owners even recognized Libya almost as a benchmark of grapes, calling its appearance the effect of a bomb. Because the ripened grape Livia does not spoil for a long time, it was dubbed the “long-playing” berry. Such responses only emphasize its potential and prospects for further breeding.
Viticulture professionals who grow Libya grapes for sale consider it a demanded market commodity. Sellers almost unanimously agreed that if you sell it along with Arcadia, then other types can not be grown. Their trade is economically profitable, since both are successfully sold at a very expensive price.
History of the variety
This variety is the fruit of the work of the famous amateur breeder from Ukraine Vitaly Zagorulko. At first, this grower simply grew various varieties of grapes on his plot. And then he began to cross them. As a result, he created such famous and popular varieties and hybrids among gardeners of different regions as:
But, of course, Libya is considered to be one of the best hybrids bred by this breeder.
This perennial berry shrub was developed relatively recently - in 2010, Libya was tested, and the following year, this hybrid was entered in the register of Ukraine. The hybrid of grapes Libya belongs to table varieties.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The advantages of the variety include:
- extra early ripening of the brushes (about 105 days from the moment foliage appears until the berries fully mature),
- good annual harvest
- average resistance to major fungal diseases affecting vineyards,
- frost resistance - above average,
- pleasant persistent smell of ripening brushes,
- beautiful appearance of ripe bunches,
- the harvest harvests transportation well,
- ripe clusters can be stored for at least a month.
But this hybrid has drawbacks:
- not always ripening berries have the color that is stated in the description,
- it is necessary to carry out preventive spraying of mildew and oidium,
- frost resistance is not too high.
Landing hybrid Libya
This grape can be planted in open ground in several ways:
Variety Libya, planted seedlings, grows and develops on its root system. As a result, the bushes grow stronger and more powerful, and the taste qualities of ripened clusters are excellent.
Grafting this hybrid on other grape varieties, achieve fruiting as early as next season after this procedure. Increases the amount of harvest.
Saplings of Libya are ordered in proven nurseries. Usually they send planting material with a closed root system, which is very convenient: the roots do not dry out during transportation, do not break, such seedlings adapt more quickly to a new place, they get sick less.
But before planting seedlings in open ground should be carefully examined. Damaged roots and shoots should be removed with a sharp shear, the tips of the roots will also be trimmed and dipped for half an hour into a solution of any growth stimulant. Then the seedlings are immersed first in a solution of molten paraffin, then in water at a temperature of 23-25 ° C. This will allow the roots and shoots of the young bush to retain moisture, strengthen their immune system.
Preparation of the site for planting seedlings should begin in the fall. The ridges for Libya should be sunny, protected from cold winds and drafts. Typically, protection against the wind are buildings, solid fences or walls of a country house. Under the autumn digging they bring humus or well-rotten compost, as well as a complex of mineral fertilizers for grapes and berry bushes. All these fertilizers should be carefully embedded in the ground to a depth of one spade, so that useful substances are not washed out of the soil during the spring thawing of snow.Saplings in the warmed soil
The soil for the vineyard will fit almost any, except for heavy clay soils. The main thing is that the soil is light and loose, and there is no stagnant water in it. It is also necessary to select a site where groundwater does not come closer to the soil surface by 0.5-0.7 m. Grapes are very sensitive to excess moisture in the soil, and this must be taken into account when it is planted.
Usually, rows of grapes are made in such a way that their direction is from south to north. The distance between the seedlings in a row should be at least 0.5 m, and the distance between the rows should be 0.7-0.9 m.
A layer of drainage material (fine gravel or pebbles) is laid in the landing pits at the bottom, then a layer of nutrient substrate from garden soil, humus and river sand into which water is applied (about 4-5 liters per well). Moreover, from this soil mixture in the center of the hole is a mound, on which the seedling is installed, and its roots are gently spread on the slopes of the mound. Then the hole is filled with the remaining nutrient substrate, gently crushed so that there are no air bubbles near the roots. Then you should water the young plants and grind with peat or humus.
Since this variety is hybrid, i.e., artificially bred, care for it must be delicate and correct. And if you follow all agrotechnical rules, as a result, the grapes will “thank” the owners with a good harvest of tasty juicy berries.
About some nuances of caring for Libya:
- This grape variety needs watering - the soil around Libya’s vineyards must always be wet. Water this perennial berry should be before flowering and during the formation of ovaries. But it is important not to overmoisten the ground too much. You should watch what the foliage of the vines looks like. Brown leaf color indicates that the soil is too wet and the air temperature is high. If the color of the foliage becomes dark emerald, then this may be the beginning of chlorosis.
- You should also make mulch under the grape bushes. It retains moisture in the soil, protects the roots from freezing. And the decomposed mulch will be a source of plant nutrients. Usually make a layer of mulch under the grapes in the spring and autumn.
- Under Libya, they usually bring in not only organic matter, but also complex mineral fertilizers. Most of this berry culture requires phosphate and potassium supplements. Usually feeding is carried out at the end of autumn, when the foliage begins to fall.
- Bushes of grapes before the onset of cold weather cut, laid on the ground and harbor. As a covering material, you can use hay, soil or film material.
- Libya must be regularly cut. This procedure improves fruiting. Each of the shoots are usually reduced by 3-5 eyes. When forming trimming is carried out, no more than 4 main sleeves should be left, which should be trimmed regularly in late September - early October.
Important! Very often when ripening grapes in many grape varieties, the foliage is cut off, which shields the hands from the sun. This is not recommended for Libya.
Available after registration
Libya grapes are little known, but those who have tried this variety, want to grow it in their plots. Its attractive clusters with unusual taste characteristics will not leave anyone indifferent. According to gardeners, Livia grapes are a good option for growing on home gardens.
The variety was bred by amateur breeder V. V. Zagorulko as a result of the crossing of Flamingo and Arcadia. This is a new species, so it is not well known.
Libya grapes are among the table forms with an average ripening period. He has excellent commodity, taste qualities: the variety took all the best from the parent pair.
Berries of Libya
The fruits of the grapes are large. The berries are egg-shaped, up to two centimeters wide, and up to 3 cm long, the weight of one berry is 11-13 grams.
The skin of the fruit is pink, soft, almost not felt. The flesh is fleshy, juicy, because of which the variety has a special value.
Tastes of fruits are excellent. According to reviews, the description of the variety, Livia grapes, the photo of which can be seen in the article, has a delicate, sweet nutmeg aroma. Even during long-term storage, the taste does not change.
The variety contains a lot of sugars - up to eighteen percent with seven percent acidity. Each berry contains up to three seeds, which are easily separated from the pulp.
Disadvantages and advantages of the variety
Characteristics of grapes Libya determine its advantages and disadvantages. The first include:
- Early ripening.
- Excellent taste.
- Attractive appearance brushes. The clusters are large, the average weight is six hundred grams, and the weight of the individual can reach 1.5 kilograms or more.
- The variety is able to maintain its quality for a long time.
- Crop stability. With proper care, 25-30 kg of berries are harvested from one vine.
- Long storage. Harvest can be stored up to thirty days.
The disadvantages include:
- Some gardeners note the lack of color of the berries.
- Variety is unstable to mildew and oidium.
- The need for winter shelter. The variety can withstand up to -21 degrees of frost. Due to its low frost resistance, it is recommended to grow the variety only in the southern territory of Russia. Even in the north of the Rostov region, the vines can be frozen out.
Berries varieties have a great attraction for wasps. Because of this, the clusters must be closed with a net so that insects do not damage the crop.
Features of growing grapes in Libya are the right choice of planting place, pruning and care.
It is necessary to plant a variety in a well-lit area, providing it with vertical weaving. The southern directions of the yard area are best suited. The place must be protected from drafts.
There are no special requirements for the type of soil. When grown on scanty soils, regular feeding is carried out. Although, according to the description of the variety, reviews, Libya grapes, the photo of which gives an idea of the size of the fruit, gives the best yields when growing vines on black soil, loamy lands with deep groundwater.
The landing pit is prepared in advance. It should be several times the root system of the cutting. In the pit is laid humus, mixed with fertile land.
The seedling is placed in the hole so that the root collar remains above the ground. The plant gently falls asleep, with support on the north side. At the end of planting the grapes are watered.
If the root system of the seedling is underdeveloped, then before planting it is recommended to treat it with a root formation stimulator.
How to care
The grapes of Libya, planting and caring for which are simple, with respect to the recommendations gives a great harvest. In case of thickened foliage, it is not advisable to tear it off, as the variety painfully reacts to this procedure.
Culture loves moisture. It is recommended to water the grapes at least two times per season: at the beginning of flowering and after its completion. In dry weather, the frequency of irrigation increases. You can not pour the vine, as this may cause the appearance of disease.
Leaves say the need for water. Turned foliage indicates that the plant is hot and humid. To preserve moisture, the soil around the vine is mulched. This helps reduce the amount of watering, as well as retain moisture and protect the root system from the cold weather.
By winter, the vine is removed from the support, laid on the ground, removing all fallen leaves and berries. Be sure to carry out the treatment with a fungicide. The plant is covered. As a covering material used film, hay. Some gardeners drop earth into the vine.
Knowing how to propagate the grapes of Libya, you can get a large number of new plants. Reproduction carried out by two methods: grafting and rooting cuttings.
For reproduction by cuttings from the vine cut off the part that has at least three buds. They put it in water or put it in wet sand and wait for roots to appear. First, the branches will dissolve the leaves, and then the root system will begin to grow.
The pruned Livia grapes are very responsive and offer high-quality, tasty tassels. Vine is recommended to cut 2-6 holes.
When performing the formation of the vine should be left no more than four fertile sleeves, which in the autumn should be shortened. When flowering should remove excess ovary. Overload has a negative impact on the yield of grape Libya.
Libya can not be overloaded. On one vine leave no more than fifty buds. Young plants are pruned shorter, leaving no more than four buds.
An important feature of the variety - fruiting is shifted to the base of the vine.
Opinions of gardeners about the variety
New hybrid has found its fans. There are also gardeners who do not like the variety. The attraction in Libya is that the variety produces large tassels and delicious berries with a pleasant aroma that can be stored for a month without losing quality.
The disadvantage is the need to cover the vine and in insufficient color of the berries. Also, the gardeners do not like the variety because of its instability to certain diseases. However, if carried out timely processing, the culture will not hurt.
Most often, Libya has mildew and powdery mildew.
Downy mildew, or mildew, is considered the most common disease among grape crops. It affects all the green parts of the crop, including berries. The disease is caused by a fungus.
The first signs of the disease is the appearance on the upper part of the still growing leaves of an oily spot of a rounded shape. In wet weather, white bloom forms on the underside on the spot. Gradually, the tissues begin to die: necrosis captures all large areas. At first, the affected tissue turns yellow, then the spot becomes red-brown with bright processes of dying and drying. With strong lesions leaves fall. After the initial manifestation of mildew on the leaves, the fungus passes into inflorescences and clusters with a crop. The comb is affected on the tassels: a green spot appears on it, as if soaked with water. If the mycelium penetrates into the peduncle, ovaries, flowers, buds, clusters with berries, then the whole brush is covered with white bloom, then the flowers and buds fall off, the berries fall off.
The most favorable conditions for the development of the disease - the temperature of 20-25 degrees and high humidity.
To combat the disease, it is recommended to carry out timely fertilizing with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, remove stepchildren, carry out preventive treatments with fungicides. The first is carried out in the period when the young shoots reach a length of twenty centimeters. The second treatment is carried out before flowering, and when the berries reach the size of a pea, a third treatment is carried out. The following preparations are used for mildew: Antracol, Bordeaux mixture, Strobe, copper oxychloride, Thanos, etc.
Оидиум, или мучнистая роса
Больше всего ущерб винограду наносит оидиум, или истинная мучнистая роса. Болезнь также вызывает грибок. Symptoms of the disease is a lag in the growth and development of shoots, leaf curliness, white-gray bloom on the upper side of the leaf. Bunches of grapes and tops of the shoots look as if they were sprinkled with flour. Infected berries burst, lag behind, then dry.
Oidium causes great damage to the crop. In order to save it, it is necessary to carry out the prevention of the disease, and in cases of infection - treatment with Strobi, Topaz, Tiovit, etc.