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Varieties and types
Sinyuha blue (azure, azure) grows in the European zone of Russia, in Siberia and in Western Europe. It is characterized by a thick, creeping rhizome, with multiple root lobes, upright shoots, slightly upright in the upper part, from 35 to 120 cm in height and the next non-pairly feathery pointed foliage.
Inflorescences in the form of a brush-like panicle formed from blue flowers. Flowering occurs in early summer and lasts for 50 days. Blue cyanus is a winter-hardy plant that can withstand temperatures down to -35.
There are white-flowered and variegated varieties, cultivated by cultivators. They are distinguished by special cultivation and care requirements. The development of variegated species is slow compared to the usual, its flowering is not so rich, but the beauty of the foliage negates these shortcomings.
Cyanus creeping less than blue in height - up to 45 cm. Its leaves are variegated, in springtime they get a pinkish shade. Small (up to 2 cm in diameter) flowers of purple-blue color form tassels of inflorescences. The flowering period of this species comes earlier - in May, and lasts about the same. It is also hardy.
Of the varieties of creeping cyanosis quite demanded cyanosis touch of class - low growth, lush, highly decorative, from 25 to 40 cm tall, with dark green white foliage at the edges (the hue of the edges becomes pinkish in autumn) and slightly flavoring pale blue bell flowers.
Sinyuha blue landing and care
Planting cyanosis blue should be done on a lighted or semi-shaded area with ordinary garden soil. The love of moisture determines the location of the cyanosis growing in natural conditions - on the river banks, damp meadow terrain, so it is better to choose a place with shallow groundwater for planting. In general, blue cyanosis is not demanding in terms of care.
There are no special requirements for the soil - it is desirable that it be fertile, with a light mechanical composition, as in lowland (but not waterlogged) soils. High salinity and acidity are not suitable. Land should be systematically weeded, carefully, paying attention to the pliable leaves and shoots of the plant.
Phloxes are also members of the Sinukhov family, and are easy to grow when planting and caring in open ground. Although phlox and do not have medicinal properties, they are ideal for the design of landscape design. With recommendations for the cultivation and care of this crop you can find in this article.
The basic rule that should be followed when growing this plant is regular watering. The soil moisture is important for it, first of all, because it hardly endures drought, and therefore, in the summer heat, the frequency of irrigation increases.
For irrigation, it is recommended to use separated water, not cold, in order to avoid diseases. Timely watering not only normalizes the development of the plant, but also significantly prolongs its flowering period.
Sinyuha perfectly tolerates transplantation, despite the fact that it costs calmly without it for 5 years, and the variegated one - even more.
When rejuvenating a bush, it is divided into parts during early spring or autumn, then, after moving to a new site, the soil is mulched with compost mixed with peat.
Fertilizer for cyanosis
As fertilizers, granular superphosphate is most often used, carefully distributing it over the earthen surface under bushes.
It is better to do immediately after the end of winter, thereby providing blue nutrients for long months. To bloom was more abundant, you can make feeding again - in the summer.
When there is no need for seeds, pruning of all flowering inflorescences is carried out. At the same time, it is possible to shorten / remove all shoots, which stimulates the development of young, sometimes forming new inflorescences in the same year.
In variegated blueness, only faded inflorescences are pruned, as it looks excellent after flowering.
With the onset of frosts, cyanosis should cut the above-ground part, leaving only 5 - centimeter hemp above the ground surface. When winter is over, as indicated above, the plant needs to be fertilized so that it is strong and grows faster.
Blue cyanus growing from seed
Seed blueness multiply in the spring or winter. They are sown to a depth of 1 to 1.5 cm. For the 1st year, the seedlings form only a rosette, for the 2nd year shoots grow and inflorescences form. When planting finished seedlings bloom will take place in the same season.
Seedlings from seeds are obtained by sowing them in March in containers filled with light soil and keeping them in conditions of moderate ambient temperature. With the onset of June, seedlings are planted in a flower garden or on a bed. For cyanosis is characterized by frequent self-seeding.
Cyanosis reproduction by cuttings
Propagation by cuttings is carried out by cutting the cuttings from the stems in early summer. Their length should be from 10 to 12 cm. Cuttings should be planted in loose soil, pritenit and consistently watered.
In nature, there are up to 50 representatives of cyanosis crops. The main species are considered to be multi-leaved, creeping, and jerky grass, but the most popular among gardeners is considered to be blue cyanosis.
- Sinyuha Alba is a decorative culture up to 1 meter tall. The flower is unpretentious in care, well withstands drought and negative temperatures, does not need shelter for the winter. Green leaves dissected. The color of the inflorescences is white, the size is medium.
- Bambino blue variety - herbaceous perennial up to 80 centimeters tall with a slightly curved stem and dissected leaf blades. The flower is resistant to drought and extreme temperatures. Racemes with bright blue petals.
- Sinyuha Vrise d anjou considered a rare exotic culture, it differs from the rest of the beautiful variegated leaves and bright flowers. The surface of the leaf blades is green with a cream stroke. The flowering of the culture begins in July, at this time numerous blue inflorescences appear above the dense foliage.
- Variety of rain rain strain considered a compact plant. Possesses green leaves. In spring, the foliage becomes purple, in summer it is green, and in autumn - red. Bushes up to 60 centimeters in height, lavender-blue inflorescences.
Before planting the culture in question in the garden, it is necessary to choose the right seedlings. Here it is necessary to select zoned varieties that can adapt to growing in a particular region. Pay special attention to the lighting area, this applies to variegated varieties that need good natural lighting.
The flower develops well in our climatic zone. Greek Valerian loves moist soils rich in nutrients, is not afraid of low occurrence of surface waters.
The site where the plant will be planted should not fall into direct sunlight, but this does not apply to variegated crops. These varieties can be in the sun. It is important to protect the flower from gusts of wind with a decorative fence or fence, because intense air flow can break the stems.
A few weeks before planting, cyanosis dig up a garden plot, add peat, humus or mineral fertilizers to the soil. Experienced gardeners recommend planting flower seeds for the winter in open ground, which allows the seeds to undergo a natural stratification process. Before sowing, they well level the bed with a rake, make shallow grooves (up to 2 millimeters in depth). Sowing of seeds is carried out at a temperature of + 2 ... + 3 degrees at the rate of 1 gram of grains per m2 plot.
How to care
As we have said, the Greek valerian does not need special care. All she needs is a regular abundant watering, nutrient input into the soil, loosening between the rows and removing weeds.
The culture under consideration develops normally even with steady hot weather, but this requires regular abundant watering. A reference point for the subsequent wetting of the soil is dry soil around the bush. The culture is recommended to be watered by sprinkling in the evening hours, which will ensure a rapid growth of greenery and prolong the flowering period. To preserve moisture, the area is mulched with sawdust or peat.
The first time fertilizer for deer grass is applied in early spring after warming up the soil. For this purpose, it is better to use nutrient solutions on the basis of store fertilizers balanced in composition, the liquid is poured under the flower root. About a week before the flowering of the culture, ammophos granules are scattered over the surface of the site, which are buried deep into the soil after loosening the soil.
After the inflorescences wither, the shoots are shortened so that they rise 25 centimeters above the ground level. Such events will contribute to the accelerated development of the root system. Do not remove all the shoots, leave a few bushes that will be used to collect seeds. Before leaving for the winter, the plants are pruned again so that small hemp remains up to 5 centimeters in height.
Use in landscape garden design
The considered flower is perfectly combined with plants of the same height. These can be bells, digitalis, nursery, or catnip.
Bluebird is undemanding to lighting, on shaded areas it will perfectly fit into a composition with spearfinder or bergenia, perfectly combined with various types of ferns.
In open areas, the culture is included in planting of gazany or geraniums, and it looks good against the background of low shrubs, such as thuja or cotoneaster.
Use the Greek Valerian to decorate multi-level flowerbeds or decorate fences, walls of outbuildings. This plant will decorate the shores of artificial reservoirs.
Today, many gardeners choose blue blueness for cultivation on their own plot, and this is due not only to the high decoration of the plant, but also to its healing properties. To obtain new cultures, several methods of reproduction are used; we will consider them in more detail.
Choose for planting only fresh seed, the seeds lose their germination during long-term storage. The ideal option would be to sow freshly harvested seeds immediately into open ground. It is desirable to conduct similar operations in the fall when the temperatures drop to + 3 ... + 4 degrees.
The site chosen for planting is dug up onto the bayonet of the shovels, nitroammofosks and organics are introduced into the soil. After that, the ground is leveled, furrows are made up to 3 centimeters in depth, they are watered with warm water, and the seeds are sown.
Flowers can be obtained from pre-grown seedlings, but for this the seeds need to be stratified. The seeds are sown in containers filled with nutrient substrate to a depth of 1 centimeter. After that, moisten the soil and place the boxes in a cool room or refrigerator. During stratification, it is desirable to moisten the soil.
Approximately 1.5 months after sowing, the containers are moved to a well-lit window sill. If everything is done correctly, then the first shoots of flowers will appear in two weeks. When the seedlings reach the size of an adult plant, they are transplanted into open ground.
Using this method allows you to get an early flowering culture. Cuttings for propagation of the flower is better to harvest in early summer.
From the adult plant, the apical shoots are separated, which have grown from renewal buds. Their length should be within 10-12 centimeters.
Prior to rooting, the cuttings are treated with a root or other substance to accelerate the formation of the root system.
Segments are planted on a dug-up bed and covered with a plastic cap or cut-off plastic bottle, which will help create a greenhouse effect. The main care for cuttings during rooting is periodic watering and ventilation.
The specified method of reproduction of cyanosis of blue is considered the most simple and painless. Such activities should be carried out in early spring before the start of sap flow under the bark of the plant.
At the preparatory stage, a shrub of culture is carefully dug out of the ground and divided into parts, each of which must have a healthy root system and replacement buds. Seedlings are moved to a new place in the garden, watered and covered with a thick layer of mulch.
Diseases and pests
The culture in question is perfectly resistant to all sorts of diseases, but is affected by pests. Irrigation may cause a delay in its growth, but the grower himself is to blame.
Irreversible damage to the roots of the plant can be caused by the larvae of the cockchafer, shoots are affected by a sandy slowfish and wireworm. To effectively combat these parasites, it is recommended to use solutions of chemical agents, insecticides.
As we can see, the cultivation of blue-cyan is not difficult even for a gardener. Use the recommendations specified in the article and your garden will always be pleasing to the eye.
What are the useful properties of cyanosis blue, see the following video:
A plant that is rare in its simplicity and magnificent in its decorative effect can be grown in its gardens.
Sinyuha: types, description, photoAn amazing representative of the flora with the unusual name of cyanosis or the polemonium is rarely seen as an inhabitant of a home garden plot. This herbaceous plant from the Sinyukhov family includes about 40–50 species that are suitable for a temperate environment and the northern territories. It can be grown for two purposes: as a beautiful ornamental plant, and also as a healing medicine. Let us consider in more detail some of its varieties.
Blue or azure
Sinyuha blue (polemonium caeruleum)which is also called azure, is most common in Russia, Siberia, and also in western Europe. It features a single upright shoot and blue flowers with orange stamens.
The leaves have an interesting cut shape and a tapering at the ends, and the shrub itself develops in a height of 30 to 120 cm. Flowering is observed in June-July, the plant may also bloom a second time in late August or early September. Below you can see a photo of blue cyanus - beauties of heavenly color.
Brandegs are most common in the western states of the United States of America (from Wyoming to Colorado). More oblong, upwards flowers varying in color from white to pale golden color, - the main difference of this species from other representatives of its genus. Grown infrequently due to the difficulty in obtaining a base for planting.
Californian species range is the North American Sierra Nevada mountain range, which is probably why it was called so. Differs bell-shaped, blue color flowers. Propagated plant species with rhizomes, has no special difficulties in spreading in their native regions.
The species is distributed in rocky hills and in the mountains of the United States, ranging from the east of Washington State to Arizona and New Mexico. In the first two summer months, blue flowers with yellow stamens can be seen on stems up to 15 cm in height with whitish leaves.
Sinyuha beautiful is a low-growing plant with a height of 10-25 cm, the stems are weakly branchy. Соцветия имеют сложную форму (щитово-метельчатую) и располагаются на верхушке стеблей. Ареал данного вида полемониума — горные склоны Алтая, Сибирь.
Многолетнее растение, растет в лиственных лесах, в долинах рек, на лесных лугах Монголии, Японии, Китая, Алтая, восточной территории Сибири, дальнего Востока. On thin, erect stems 35-75 cm high, one can see odd-pinnate leaves and pale blue panicled inflorescences.
Homeland of this type of polnerium is the state of Arizona. In our area, growing as a perennial is impossible, since this type of plant is very thermophilic. On stems up to 40 cm in height, yellow flowers bloom, a distinctive feature of which is small blotches of orange color.
Slender plant (40-65 cm) with erect multi-leaf stems, decorated with blue flowers with orange stamens. Distributed on the territory of the East Asian continent (Sakhalin, Kamchatka, Commander Islands, the Arctic, eastern Siberia). The flowers appear in the first half of summer, and the polymonium bears fruit in August.
Ostrolepodnoe polmonium can be found in Siberia, in the Far East, in the northern parts of Europe and America, where it develops beautifully along the banks of water bodies, moss bogs, and also in the mountain ranges of the Baikal region. On single upright shoots reaching a height of 30 cm, small flowers of blue color are conveniently located.
The area of this species is the Norwegian, Canadian and Siberian territories. The plant loves dry tundra, sandy banks of the rivers, sea pebble beaches, alpine meadows. This species grows low (15-20 cm), and slightly branched stems with basal leaves are distinguished by blue flowers with a violet shade.
Chartaseum is dwarf plant, common in the highland meadows of northern California. The shrub begins to bloom earlier than other species (in March), but the flowers also fall by the beginning of summer. On short stalks (up to 8 cm in height), round inflorescences can be seen with flowers of a dark blue shade, which are located very close to the leaves of the dissected form.
Alaska is the motherland of this species, although it is quite common in the western United States. Pretty Cyanus is quite changeable in the parameters of the height, which it can reach (from 8 to 20 cm). The color of the flowers varies from pale blue to purple.
- Landing site: sunny plot or light penumbra, protected from the wind (subject to this item, abundant flowering variegated cyanosis you provided.
- Soil: sandy and clay with the addition of compost and humus.
- Watering: frequent, should be high soil moisture, otherwise the plant will not bloom.
- Pruning: after flowering, all the inflorescences that have bloomed, pruned.
This wonderful representative of the flora plays the role of not only the inhabitant of the garden plot, but also a good folk healer. The healing properties of the plant manifest themselves as expectorant, sedative (sedative), anti-inflammatory effects on the human body in case of diseases of the respiratory system, increased nervous excitability, gastric ulcer, and infectious diseases.