Our ancestors had no idea about pesticides and herbicides, but they grew excellent yields in their gardens. It is not naive to assume that in those days the grass was greener, and the pests of garden crops did not exist. Even as they existed! People just knew how to deal with them with the help of natural remedies that do not harm human health.
Alas, but many of these folk methods have long been lost, and almost all modern gardeners everywhere use chemistry. However, there are opposing examples. So, some people intensively use birch tar. Application in the gardening of this tool has more than one hundred years. It is worth taking advantage of the ancestors experience!
In this article we will list the main garden and garden pests, as well as diseases that can be defeated with the help of this simple preparation. As a result, you will not only save money without buying synthetic analogues, but also save your health and the health of your family members. And further. In some cases, birch tar in horticulture and horticulture is simply indispensable. N 66-FZ provides for punishment for the excessive use of pesticides (especially if a beekeeper lives nearby), so this tool can become just a lifesaver if necessary to protect your plantings.
Fighting Apple Pests
The most common trouble gardeners delivers apple butterfly, common moth and hawthorn. The moth moth is the most dangerous, since in a particularly “successful” year its caterpillars can actually devour almost half of the entire crop. The young generation of this pest is hidden under the bark, in the poorly dug up earth of the pristvolny circles, in the branches and fallen bark. Caterpillars most often begin to pupate from about mid-May, and this process lasts about 50 days. After the apple tree has blossomed, the mass departure of the imago (adult form) of the insect begins.
It lasts about 19 days. Butterflies lay their eggs, attaching them to the underside of the leaf blade. It takes two weeks, and from them appear the voracious caterpillars, who with great pleasure pounce on the fruit. And at this moment birch tar comes to the rescue. Application in gardening can reliably protect the apples from the moth. This will require not only the tar itself, but also water and soap, from which it is necessary to make a special solution.
10 grams of water are taken into a bucket of water, and then half a bar of soap is added. But then you have to remember hanging Christmas decorations for the New Year, as the ready solution is poured into small bubbles and hung in the tree crown. The meaning of this action is that the smell of the mixture obtained frightens the moths very well. What else can birch tar? Application in gardening is not limited only to repelling this pest.
Counteraction to the haws
Have you ever seen strange dry leaves wrapped in a cocoon and wrapped in something like spiderwebs on an apple tree? This is how the larvae larvae hibernate. When the temperature rises to at least 15-17 degrees Celsius, they crawl out of their hiding places and begin to devour young kidneys methodically: each day they eat up one piece! At the end of May, having eaten well, they pupate. Development does not take much time - about 20 days. Already in mid-June, the age of butterflies begins, and in early July, a new generation of caterpillars continues, the black work of their predecessors. And how can birch tar help in this case? Application in gardening it is quite simple at this time.
To get rid of this scourge, it is necessary, first, to spare no time, collecting the convolutions remaining on the apple trees. Secondly, trees should be sprayed with the tar solution, the method of preparation of which we have already mentioned above. To hold this event is necessary at the beginning of the flowering of apple trees, that is, at the same time, when the treatment of trees against the moth is carried out. Against whom else is birch tar used in horticulture and gardening?
Pests, pear diseases and control measures
Despite its name, the cherry file is not averse to feast on young pear leaves. Like other pests, the larvae of this insect overwinter in the soil near the trees, as well as in the garbage, which remains in the case of poor autumn garden cleaning. As soon as the soil warms up and the soil warms up properly, they pupate and then turn into adult individuals. Their departure coincides with the beginning of flowering stone fruit crops. They harm pears and cherries, do not ignore cherries, quinces, raspberries and even strawberries. In principle, caterpillars can "lodge" on virtually any fruit-bearing tree.
When and how to use tar?
Females lay their eggs in rows, placing them along the lower surface of the leaf plate. When the larvae hatch, they modestly peck at first the flesh, and then, growing, gnaw in the leaves huge, through holes. You can notice the presence of a pest by the presence of cocoons on the lower surface of the leaves. In appearance, they resemble spittle. What to do and how does birch tar help here? Application in the gardening of this tool in this case is not particularly difficult. As soon as the first green leaves appear on the trees, spraying should be done with the composition previously described. Approximately a week later, the procedure is repeated.
What if you notice dark spots on the fruit with concentric circles in the form of white dots? After all, it is manifested dangerous fungal disease - scab. And here will help birch tar. Application in gardening in this case is completely similar to all the situations described above, except for one moment. The active substance (that is, the tar) in a bucket of water should be taken not ten, but about 15 g. Just do not overdo it! The fact is that birch tar, the application in the garden and the garden of which we are now describing, contains a lot of vigorous substances that, if used immoderately, can easily burn the leaves.
Plum diseases and pests
On plum plum moth is especially rampant. There are Transbaikalian and Central Asian its types, but, by and large, all the difference is only in the way of wintering. The first type uses for this fallen leaves and branches, can winter in the cracks of the tree itself. The Central Asian moth spends the winter under a layer of bark. Whatever it was, but adult butterflies appear in early June. Already by the middle of the month they manage to lay a bunch of eggs in inflorescences. Coming out of the egg, the caterpillar starts eating, first destroying the plum stone, and finally eating the flesh completely. As a result, a peculiar bag, completely filled with pest excrement, remains from the fetus.
To prevent such an unpleasant phenomenon, it is necessary in the beginning of May to thoroughly spray the plum with a solution of tar in soapy water, and a week later to do it again. Similarly, if your plum plantation "attacked" perforated spotted stone fruit crops. In this case, birch tar, the application of which we have just described in gardening in the spring, helps to save almost the entire crop without resorting to the use of aggressive chemicals.
Pests and diseases of cherry
Cherry strikes the fruit moth plum, hawthorn and weevil. The most dangerous weevil is a bug about five millimeters long, having a light grayish color. He is committed to gnawing the edges of sheet plates or simply gnawing through the entire central part of the sheet. Do not disdain these insects as young shoots, buds and buds, massively eat the ovary, in some cases leaving the farmers without any crop.
The pest especially loves young kernels of recently tied pits, for access to which it gnaws through young berries. Most often, the affected cherries simply fall away, and the remaining ones acquire an ugly shape and a completely indigestible taste. Beetles hibernate in the upper soil layer, preferring to hide under a layer of fallen leaves and bark. Egg laying starts in mid-June, and those pests for this purpose are selected by those cherries, which by then had time to grow to half their size.
After the larva appears, it first completely eats the young and tender nucleus, after which it pupates. The adult beetle emerges from the ruined fetus around August, immediately starting to look for a suitable place for wintering.
How to cope with a harmful bug, practicing the use of birch tar in horticulture? In general, the measures are all the same. As soon as the first young leaves appear on the cherry, the tree should be sprayed with tar soap. Immediately after the end of flowering, when distinctly visible ovaries begin to appear on the tree, the event is repeated.
Black Currant Diseases and Pests
Black currant is not only one of the most common berry crops, but also one of the most affected by pests and diseases. The most common is ognijka, various types of mites, as well as rust and powdery mildew.
The most dangerous pest is moth, which affects almost all varieties of currants. Her pupae overwinter in the garbage left after a poor garden, as well as in the upper soil layer. Departure of young butterflies occurs from the moment of first leaves blooming and ending with the completion of flowering. Most often they lay eggs right inside the flowers. Within a week, caterpillars emerge, which immediately begin to bite into the young ovaries. Having finished with the first berry, the caterpillar crawls to the adjacent ovaries, marking its way with the help of the cobweb. For a whole month, the larva intensively devours the fruit, after which it descends to the level of the soil and prepares for pupation.
How, in this case, is birch tar used in gardening? Before flowering, it is necessary to make a saturated tar solution (at least 13-15 grams per bucket of water) with soap and carefully spray the bushes. Particularly careful composition is applied to the lower part of the leaf plates, as these places often remain untreated, because of which butterflies can lay eggs there.
There is one more nuance. While practicing the use of birch tar in horticulture, many experts cover it with pure tar mixed with a small amount of wood ash, currant stems. This prevents the development of many bacterial and viral infections that may well leave you without a crop.
In addition to all of the same fire mill, the countermeasures with which we described above, this culture is especially zealously attacked by the sawfly. In addition to the gooseberry, these beetles very often choose the object of attack red currants, the bushes of which as a result of their mass invasion may well die. As in all past cases, pupae hibernate in the upper soil layer, and the first adult insects appear already at the time of young leaves blooming, on the lower part of which female pests lay many eggs. Just a week later, caterpillars appear, which begin to scrape away the juicy leaf pulp. A month later, they turn into pupae, and a week later a new generation of the pest is born.
How does birch tar help in this case, the application in the garden of which we describe in this article? It is recommended to slightly modify the solution, which was repeatedly mentioned above. First put a couple of glasses of sifted wood ash on a bucket of water. The mixture is aged for about a day, after which the solution is filtered and at least 15 grams of tar and half a bar of soap, ground into a fine crumb, are added there. When destroying sawfly, birch tar should be used twice in horticulture: at the time of the opening of the first leaves and a month after that.
The real scourge of this culture is the weevil-flowering beetle. It looks like a tiny bug whose length does not exceed three millimeters. Most often winters in a layer of fallen leaves for the winter. He prefers to eat buds, but before they appear, he does not disdain with young leaves and shoots, in which he gnaws his moves. The laying period is more than a month. The emerged larvae remain in the buds, along with them they fall to the ground, where they begin the process of pupation.
In order to prevent mass parasite multiplication, even before the first buds bloom, it is necessary to properly spray the raspberries with the composition that we have repeatedly mentioned above. But not only for the destruction of these pests suitable birch tar. Application - garden, vegetable garden. Aphids, ants and spider mites are also sensitive to the effects of this amazing natural remedy.
In a word, using such a simple tool, you can reliably protect your lands from many misfortunes!
Birch tar in horticulture and horticulture - the advantages and disadvantages
A natural remedy does not cause damage to the human body. It has been used for many centuries for domestic purposes, non-traditional methods of treatment, cosmetology purposes, the treatment of summer cottages, and a vegetable garden.
In addition to all its properties:
The properties of a birch resinous substance are due to its rich structure.
It is essentially a repellent and its main task in gardening, repelling insects. It should be noted that the destruction is not about. It is valuable that, having irrigated the plants, there is no doubt that insects do not have a desire to make laying eggs on foul-smelling sheets.
In comparison with pesticides, birch composition in gardening clearly benefits:
- he is harmless to man
- effective at repelling many pests in horticulture, gardening, the action is not limited to repelling insects,
- effective in rodent raids,
- it is not addictive for insects,
- they can not be killed, but you can only scare,
- not difficult to use
- you can choose a convenient way of processing without even affecting the plant,
- retains its effect for a long time (up to a month).
The substance has some drawbacks, which should also be considered. Birch tar can not be applied directly to the fruit, edible fragments of vegetables and fruits.
Chances are good that if the product comes to the surface, it will affect the taste and smell of the crop. The components of the resinous liquid have a cumulative effect.
How to choose tar?
Birch hood sold in pharmacies without a prescription. It can also be purchased from sellers on the Internet in more extensive containers - barrels, cans. Often, garden stores put in the implementation of this tool to combat various pests.
When choosing, you should pay attention to some nuances. In total there are two types - birch and birch tar. Birch is made by pyrolysis of all components of the tree, birch bark - from young birch bark and used in cosmetology, for medical purposes.
How to make birch tar?
The recipe for the preparation of a natural product is not difficult:
- In a large metal tub make a hole in the bottom.
- Densely stuffed with bark, chips and other fragments of birch.
- Tightly sealed with a lid.
- A level lower, a bucket or saucepan is buried in the ground to collect the resinous liquid.
- Tub should be placed above the pan.
- Top container obkladyvayut firewood and set on fire.
- After 5 hours you can see drained tar.
In order to collect about three liters of valuable liquid, it is necessary to overtake about 10 kg of birch components.
Cooking tar is an invaluable experience, but it is necessary to understand that under industrial conditions it is possible to achieve a high degree of purification and to put on sale a more concentrated and effective component.
An important point - tar soap is almost useless in gardening because of the low content of the main active ingredient in the structure.
Application of birch tar in the garden
Note: slugs almost do not smell at all, but, crawling on the surfaces treated with tar, they poison and die. That is, for them, tar is already a more cumulative poison than a repellent.
Finally, tar weakly scares off ants, elephant and weevil beetles, adult clickers and bronzovok, see the trail. rice Combating these pests with tar alone is unlikely to be successful. Ants - foragers and shepherds from a tar aphids may die, but their loss for an anthill as a "superorganism" is generally no more sensitive than we are for cutting hair or nails. Tar can drive out ants from the site only if the anthill is outside and measures are being taken to combat aphids. Тогда «сверхорганизм» перенаправит фуражиров в другое место, а пастухов заставит перенести туда же тлю.
Вредители растений, на которых деготь действует слабо
Березовый деготь против вредителей применяется след. способами:
- Бесконтактным – установкой излучателей запаха. Действен против кротов, грызунов, зайцев, бабочек, мух, пилильщиков, жуков, слизней.
- В ловушках – ловчих поясах и кругах. Действен против грызунов, зайцев, слизней, муравьев.
- By pickling the planting material - acts from the bear, wireworms, rodents.
- Watering the soil for sowing suspension - the action is the same.
- Spraying of plants with a suspension (always with an adhesive) - acts on all harmful insects, except for bears and wireworms.
This method is good because you can successfully apply the moonshine tar. In the garden, 3-5 m apart, hang small containers, perforated in the upper half, for example, cans. In the berries, the same cans are placed on pegs, which are stuck into the ground in each bush. In the capacity put the rags plentifully impregnated with tar. As the substance dries, the filling of the emitters changes. To protect the cabbage plantations from the whites, prepare kvashi - pegs, wrapped with a rag on top. Kvash is dipped in tar and stuck into the ground among plants after 2-3 m - there will be no egg-laying.
From moles and rodents
It is even easier to drive out moles, hamsters and marmots from the plot with tar: the burrows are caulked with tar-soaked rags. Difficulties can only be with hamsters: if this goon has already begun to stock up for the winter, it will not go away. Therefore, it is necessary to drive hamsters with tar in spring.
First, make a stinky mixture: in 1 kg of ready-made whitewash for trees (lime and clay 1: 1, it is possible with copper sulfate 20 g per bucket) injected with stirring 2-3 kg of dry ground mullein. Preparing the seed in a bucket. When the mass has become homogeneous, add water to the level of 12 l (the upper belt on the buckets made of galvanized), again thoroughly mixed and with stirring, injected 50 ml of tar. From hares, the resulting mixture whiten the trunks / shtaby for the winter. From ants, small rodents, etc. - it is saturated with the material of trapping belts and circles. If the area is not heavily contaminated by rodents, mulch the trunks around sawdust near the winter, prepare a suspension (see below) from 10 ml of tar in a bucket of water and pour mulch on it at the rate of 2-3 liters per 1 square meter. m
Etching and watering
With tar from pests, seed seeds of potatoes, root crops, and onions are pickled. In the first case, in suspension 10-20 ml of tar per 10 of water, the seed is soaked for 3-5 minutes (it is dipped). 1 kg of onion sets in a tightly tied plastic bag poured 1 tbsp. l tar and the package shake for a long time until the mordant is distributed evenly. Stand the material for an hour. Processing is carried out immediately before sowing.
If it was not possible to pickle the material for any reason, a suspension of 10-20 ml of tar and 40-50 g of soap per bucket of water is prepared before sowing, see below. Under her potatoes poured in 150-200 ml per well. Onions and root crops are watered at the root for the first time, when the seedlings grow on the half palm - palm, again after 2 weeks. Irrigation rate - 1-2 liters per 1 m ridge.
Suspension for spraying and watering with tar prepares the mark. in the following way:
- 1 l of rain distilled or distilled water is heated to boiling,
- until the water cools down to 70-80 degrees (to soar), rub the soap on the grate,
- soap chips are gradually introduced into the hot water while stirring, until all the soap has dissolved,
- cooled to warm uterine soap solution with a thin stream while stirring, pour in 9 l of water,
- also, with stirring, a measured dose of tar is introduced into the solution.
Technique to help
Further, if you spray the "grandmother's" way, you had to immediately go to the site, dip a broom into the suspension, each time making it difficult for them 2-3 times, and sprinkle. Summer residents-atheists instead of a broom preferred a church sprinkler: they do not need to interfere, and the spray gives smaller.
Modern technology allows you to save the employee from tedious, and for the believer, and blasphemous, procedures, and get a tar slurry, suitable for filling the sprayer tank. To do this, after step 5, the ultrasonic washing machine is immersed in the bucket with the mixture for 15-20 minutes. Not sure what it is? For clothes - and correctly, after ultrasonic washing, it quickly breaks. But for the preparation of a homogeneous and stable for 1-2 hours suspension of tar, this device, like a soap box on an electric cord, is what you need.
Tar from insects
Plants from insect pests are treated with tar tar irrigation, mulch impregnation and spraying. The treatment of certain crops from pests of specific species is carried out as follows:
- Potatoes and others. Solanaceous from the Colorado potato beetle - a suspension of 10 ml of tar and 40 g of soap. The consumption rate - before the formation of a wet film on the leaves without flowing drops. The frequency of treatment - 2 weeks. The multiplicity of treatments - without limitation as needed.
- Carrots from flies and leaflets - twice pouring root crops (July and August) are watered under the root of a suspension of 1 tbsp. l tar and 20 grams of soap in 10 liters of water. The rate of irrigation - 100-200 ml per plant.
- Currants and gooseberries from flares and tsvetouedov - before flowering, spraying a suspension of 10 ml of tar and 30 g of soap. After processing, smell emitters are placed in the bushes, see above.
- The same, from sawflies - a suspension of 40 ml of tar, 1 tsp. woody ash ash and 100 g of soap. On a bucket of working solution you need 2 liters of stock solution, see above, 50 g per 1 l. Spraying treatment, frequency 2 weeks during the season.
- Fruits from moths - at the end of flowering after pollinators leave, crowns and tree trunks are sprayed with a suspension of 10 ml of tar and 30 g of soap. Consumption rate - 1 l per 1 sq. M. m crown and 2 liters per 1 square. m of soil. After spraying in the garden, the smell radiators are hung.
- Pumpkin from a sprout fly - sprouts half-palm-high are poured with a suspension of 10 ml of tar per 10 liters of water. Irrigation rate - 1-1.5 liters per 1 meter ridge
- From flies-phytophages (cruciferous on cabbage, radish, etc.) - a suspension of 10 ml of tar per 10 liters of water impregnates sawdust and mulch them between rows. On the cabbage from the whites additionally put the smell emitters.
Note: On the use of tar from pests of cabbage, see also the video below:
Together it is more capable
In tank mixtures, tar is incompatible with almost all synthetic pesticides and biologics. But with minerals and natural extracts combined well. Their complex use is synergistic, i.e. acts better than the same substances in the sum separately. Therefore, in conclusion, see the video, how to prepare a "hellish mix" of pests with tar:
Pest and disease control
It can be purchased at the pharmacy, garden stores and online stores. Only it is undesirable to use tar soap, so there is very little of this remedy in it. If you want to save, you can cook it yourself.
To do this, a large iron container with a small hole at the bottom is tightly filled with birch bark. Then take another container, smaller size. Dig a hole in the ground completely under its size and place the container there. On a small container put a large, filled with birch bark.
So that she completely closed the little one. Then they put firewood around a large container and set it on fire.
Within five hours, a small container that is in the ground, will drip tar. If there is 10 kg of bark in a large container, then in a small one there will be about 3 kg of tar.
Best of all, it will act in the fight against pests and mammals with a keen sense of smell. It is especially effective under the ground, where the smell lasts a long time.
It is usually used once a month. And it should be remembered that it is not stored together with chemicals because of the characteristic sharp smell. If you create a mixture with minerals, the beneficial effect of minerals will increase significantly.
It happens not only on potato tops, but also on tomatoes and eggplants. Sometimes it can be found on pepper. Of course, you can get rid of it with the help of chemistry, but this method is not always useful for fruits. In this case, you can make a solution based on resin.
To do this, 2 teaspoons of resin are dissolved in a ten-liter bucket of liquid, 50 grams of laundry soap, which acts as an adhesive, is thrown into the same place.
Soap beforehand to rub. After that, all plants are sprayed with this solution. True, if the tomatoes or peppers are already ripe, then they just moisten all the leaves on the bushes, so as not to spoil the taste of the fruit.
If moles divorced in the garden, from which it is impossible to get rid of in any chemical way, the tar will make him look for another site. To do this, you need to find all the holes and plug them with pieces of cloth, soaked in undiluted birch tar.
In order for the moles to not subsequently return to this area, along the perimeter it is necessary to drive a few wooden pegs, smeared with this tool on the bottom. Every month they need to be re-lubricated and reinserted into the ground.
So that mice do not gnaw through trees and shrubs, the ground around the trunks richly mulch with sawdust or resin soaked in resin solution. To do this, in a ten-liter bucket of liquid diluted with one tablespoon of the funds.
Every autumn a special whitewash is applied to the trunks of shrubs and trees, consisting of a kilogram of whitewash, three tablespoons of birch remedy, and ten liters of fresh manure. After that, this solution is diluted with water to make it look like kefir.
It is difficult to get rid of this small fly, but its appearance is easy to prevent. In a one-liter jar of water dissolve one teaspoonful of the product.
Then all the onions and garlic prepared for planting are soaked in it and after half an hour they can be planted in the ground. After planting in two weeks, the beds can be mulched with straw or sawdust dipped in tar solution.
To protect vegetables from cabbage flies, rows are covered with mulch from sawdust dipped in resin solution (ten liters of water, 1 tablespoon of tar). This procedure is preferably carried out in April, the second time repeated in August.
It damages fruit bushes. The sawfly can be disposed of with resin solution. In two liters of boiling water 200 grams of grated soap are dissolved, preferably economic, then a glass of ash is poured in, all this is supplemented with 4 tablespoons of birch remedy.
Before spraying, the mixture is additionally dissolved in a ten-liter bucket of liquid.
Carrots and other root crops can be protected from the worm eater with a tar solution, in which seeds are soaked before planting (10 liters of water, 1 tablespoon of birch money). For greater effect, pour some of this into the wells. After the first leaflets appear, plants are watered with this solution every three weeks.
It refers to those insects that are very easy to get rid of with the help of tar soap. To this end, one hundred grams of grated tar soap is dissolved in two liters of boiling water. Then it is diluted in 40 liters of water and 2 teaspoons of tar are added for enhanced effect. After that, they are abundantly sprayed all the affected areas of plants.
If you managed to get rid of aphids, then getting rid of ants becomes much easier. To do this, the anthill and the soil around it is plentifully watered with pharmacy tar. In this case, the ants, together with the uterus and offspring, will completely leave their home.
This caterpillar can destroy almost the entire crop, and winter spends in the bark of a tree. During the flowering of trees, the caterpillar turns into butterflies, so the procedure for getting rid of it is carried out before flowering.
To do this, the trees and the ground beneath them are treated with the resin recipe described above with soap and water. This mixture can be placed in small jars and hung on the trees.
If dried ovaries were noticed on raspberry and dog rose, it means that a weevil attacked him. Unfortunately, after flowering, it is impossible to spray the shrubs with the solution already familiar to us according to the recipe described above, therefore it is advisable to do this before the first florets appear. A week later, it can be repeated until the flowers have dissolved.
This pest not only eats the leaves, but also damages the inflorescences, the fruits. Therefore, the procedure for getting rid of it is carried out in April. To do this, dilute the familiar mixture in water, after which they spray all the trees. Then repeat after bud break until the tree has blossomed.
With the help of resin, it is easy to prevent most viral and bacterial diseases from appearing on plants, which can also leave you without a crop. Immediately after planting or in early spring, all trees, vegetable plants are treated with tar-water solution with the addition of soap for good adhesion.
However, in this case, the resin should be put a little more to the effect was stronger. Just need to remember that during the flowering fruit is not processed, so as not to spoil the taste of the future harvest.
Properties of tar
Birch tar is black, it smells unpleasant. Substance is natural, non-toxic. It drives away pests and parasites, prevents fungus, reduces the activity of microbes. Birch tar is actively used in gardening and horticulture, and its antiseptic properties have found application in cosmetology and medicine.
Use of birch tar as a fertilizer
Birch bark tar is an environmentally friendly product that is involved in plant growing more as a protective tool against harmful living organisms. Due to its safety, it is used for any soil and plants: vegetables, fruits, trees and shrubs - individually: mulch, treating trees with “whitewash” or spraying with a non-concentrated solution.
Recipes for spraying plants from insects, rodents and diseases
Birch tar does not destroy harmful organisms, but only drives them off with an unpleasant odor.
Due to the characteristic features of the material is successfully used in agriculture: protects crops and trees from diseases and mechanical damage caused by small rodents, insects and other pests.
Before combining tar with water, it is advisable to mix it with laundry soap: this will contribute to a better formation of a solution without an upper sediment film.
From carrot and onion flies
When exposed to the considered parasites, root crops are affected. There are two ways to process crops:
- soaking seeds, bulbs before planting (10 g of birch tar is diluted in 1 liter of water),
- interval sub-root watering or spraying of seedlings after laying eggs by flies.
From mice, voles, rats
Spraying plants with birch tar will not save the garden plot from rodents. For this purpose, it is better to lay cereal seeds mixed with tar as bait, as well as mulching the soil with a substance (alternatively, soak it in mulch) at the site in the required places or around individual trees and shrubs.
From moles and hares
Moles have a detrimental effect on the roots of the plant, hares on the bark. The optimal mixture is the ratio of birch tar and vegetable oil to 1 to 3. In the substance, it is necessary to dip the cloth and place it along the holes dug out by moles and passages. Whitewashing will protect the trees from biting bark (
1 kg), which added about 50 g of resin.
The dosage of each component is selected individually based on the goals, the size of the site and so on.
Another way is to install a low fence around the perimeter of the site, the bars of which are carefully processed with tar (enough for a season).
From ants and aphids
Often the aphid lives on the same shrubs and trees as ants, which facilitates pest control. Using tar to get rid of insects is ideal because of their intolerance to sharp odors. Spraying of seedlings, then foliage, branches, trunk of an adult plant from aphids is carried out with a composition of tar, soap (previously melted in boiling water) and plain water. This tool is treated additionally the trunk of the ants, sometimes connecting the ash, or wrap it with a treated cloth.
Phytophthora is a common disease of tomatoes. Spores of the fungus are located in the soil structures, therefore, to prevent the occurrence of the disease in plants, a solution is prepared for foliar treatment of the beds, bushes and diseased fruits. The combination of baking soda and tar obtained from birch with water in the ratio of 2 to 7 helps protect tomatoes from phytophthora. Spraying is carried out no more than 1 time in 2 weeks.
This pathogen is a fungus that affects vegetables growing under conditions of moisture surplus and low temperature. The foliar effect by the spray is performed by a prepared and well-mixed warm liquid mass consisting of water, ash and tar. Perhaps its use as a preventive measure.
These parasites also do not withstand the sharp smell of birch tar and solutions (mustard, soda), so this is a great way to deal with them and protect the sites.
Comprehensive disposal involves two stages: catching slugs in tanks, located in small lowlands and filled with tar (or any liquid), and spraying the solution.
In the fight against these insects using the standard scheme of application of birch tar in horticulture. It is similar to its use against mosquitoes, black flies, and so on, since the gadfly also does not tolerate a sharp odor.
Birch tar: about its properties
Few know that there are two types of tar - birch and birch. Берестовый деготь получают путем сухой перегонки молодой березовой коры. Этот процесс довольно трудоемкий, но в результате получается абсолютно чистый продукт, который отличается приятным запахом. Применяют его, в основном, внутрь и для лечения различных кожных заболеваний.
Березовый деготь выглядит как маслянистая жидкость темного цвета с характерным резким запахом. С давних пор он известен своими невероятными свойствами. It is an excellent protection against various fungal diseases, an excellent antimicrobial agent, as well as an excellent antiseptic. Due to its unique composition, birch tar has found its application in medicine, cosmetology and even in gardening. This absolutely natural remedy perfectly protects against many pests, both vegetable and garden crops. But more about that below.
On the garden plot
So, tar is used on the garden plot for the following purposes:
- To fight the Colorado potato beetle. Birch tar will be an excellent tool to combat the Colorado potato beetle, not only on potato bushes, but also pepper and even eggplant beds. For the preparation of funds in a 10-liter volume, we need: 10 g of tar and 50 g of soap.
- To protect against onion flies. It is possible to prevent the flies from attacking onions by pretreatment of onion sets. Approximately 30 minutes before planting the seedlings, the bulbs should be placed in a plastic bag and the tar added there, carefully mixed with it (take 1 tbsp of birch tar per 1 kg of onion seedlings).
Council If the moment is missed, and the bulbs are already planted, then you can still protect them even in the soil, having treated them with a special compound. For its preparation will need 1 tbsp. a spoon of tar, 30 g of soap (the number of ingredients is suggested per 10 liters of water). A ready-mixed mortar is poured over a bed with young onions. After a couple of weeks, the procedure is desirable to repeat.
- To protect against cabbage. Cabbage soup often damages cabbage beds. This can be avoided by placing small wooden pegs wrapped with tar soaked rags along the cabbage beds. This will scare the butterflies.
- To remove the wireworm. Wireworm is one of the worst enemies of almost all root crops. But to remove it from the garden is quite simple: you only need to moisten the potato tubers before planting in a previously prepared tar solution (1 tbsp of tar is enough for a bucket of water - we draw for an hour). If planting potatoes is carried out by the seed method, then it is enough to spray the soil with the prepared solution.
- To fight the cabbage fly. The same solution, as well as for the fight with the wireworm, can be used to protect cruciferous crops from the cabbage fly. It is only necessary to water the sawdust with which the soil is mulched with the prepared tar solution.
On the garden plot
Tar can be used not only to protect garden crops, but also fruit trees in the garden.
Apple tree. The tar will help protect the apple tree from the destructive actions of the moth and butterfly haws. In winter, the caterpillar moths spend under the bark of the tree, and during the flowering period, having already become butterflies, they begin laying eggs at the bottom of the leaves. Hatching moths from them feed on fruits, reducing the yield of apples by 25-30%.
The method of struggle is very simple: while the butterflies have not yet flown out, it is necessary to put a water solution containing soap and tar on the soil below it (traditionally, we take 1 tbsp of tar and 40 g of soap for 10 liters of water).
The hawthorn acts similarly to the pinwort, it only hibernates in the nests located on the apple leaves, which are prewound with cobwebs. These nests are removed first. Then the soil and the wood itself is treated with a tar solution in the manner described above.
Pear. This fruit tree can also attack the hawthorn. In the case of a pear, the pest control measures are similar to those described above. But to protect against such a disease as scab, the tree needs to be treated with tar solution (do not forget the ratio - 10 liters of water, 1 tbsp of tar and 40 g of soap) during the period when young leaves appear. We repeat the procedure in a week.
Plum. This tree is very often subjected to attacks of the plum moth and haws (it is insatiable). The tree is processed by the already known solution of tar until such time as the butterflies come to light.
Cherry. Plum moth and hawthorn also love to feast on cherries. The method of dealing with them is already known to us. But cherries very often damage another pest - the bird-cherry weevil. It is a beetle about 5 mm long, having a gray color. It feeds not only on leaves, but also damages young shoots, buds, ovaries and inflorescences. And after ripening, the fruit gets to them: it eats not only berry pulp, but also bones.
The method of struggle is simple: processing the tree with an aqueous solution containing tar and soap when the first leaves appear. Re-sprinkling of cherries is carried out at the moment when it finishes blooming and the first ovaries appear on it.
Raspberries. Raspberry shrubs often damage pests such as spider mites and raspberry strawberry weevil. They overwinter most often under raspberry leaves. The pest control method is treating the plant with a tar solution until the first buds appear.
Fruit trees in the garden can be “raided” not only by insect pests, but even by mice and hares. Protect trees from the first can be with the help of sawdust moistened with tar solution (this must be done before the arrival of autumn cold). They must be used for soil mulching. But a cunning remedy will help you get rid of hares - a special whitewash consisting of 10 kg of mullein, 1 kg of whitewash, 50 g of tar and such amount of water that the resulting solution has a thick creamy consistency.
That is the end of our material. Thanks to him, you learned that tar has incredible properties that can protect many garden crops and trees from dangerous pests. We wish you good luck and a rich harvest!
Birch tar: photo
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Is it possible to use it during the fruiting period?