General information

What to do if a cow is poisoned


Cow poisoning is not uncommon and is familiar to many people containing such an animal. Cow refers to cattle. Care for her should be thorough.

Special attention should be paid to the nutrition of the animal, because for the most part the quality of the milk produced depends.

Therefore, any farmer should know what his cow eats to avoid product quality violations, as well as various intoxications.

Examples of causes of poisoning in cows:

  • By eating potatoes. In this case, green potato is meant, or one that has been lying for more than two or three years. In such a vegetable occurs the formation of solanine - a substance that has a negative reaction to the animal's body.
  • When poisonous plants are ingested. And they can be fresh and already in the hay. Poisoning can cause hemlock, buttercup, lupine, acorns, gooseberry. In such plants there are toxic substances that provoke the development of various disruptions in the activity of the internal organs of the animal and may even cause death.
  • In rural areas, plants are often treated from pests with various chemicals. They are not always washed away by rain, but they can easily get into the animal's food. As a result, intoxication may occur.
  • If salts of heavy metals get into the intestines of a cow, this will also negatively affect the condition of the animal.

As you can see, intoxication occurs as a result of ingestion of any harmful substances. The most important thing in this case as soon as possible to assist.

Intoxication with rapeseed and carbamide

Rapeseed plants have a rather high popularity. However, you should know that the period of occurrence of seeds, they become very dangerous for any animals.

There is a poisonous substance in the seeds - crotonillo-mustard oil. Poisoning rapeseed cows causes disruption:

  • digestive,
  • nervous
  • genitourinary system
  • until death.

Therefore, in the period of flowering and ripening of seeds, it is not necessary to let cows graze in the places planted with this plant.

Cow poisoning with carbamide is also not uncommon. The second name is urea. This substance is often added to food for livestock, thereby replacing protein. In the rumen, carbamide is converted to carbon dioxide and ammonia.

With an excess of urea in food, ammonia simply does not have time to digest and begins to accumulate in the blood. As a result, the animal has a violation of the nervous system, toxicosis.

In acute poisoning, death can come pretty quickly, almost in a few hours.Any farmer or person containing a cow should carefully add urea to food so as not to harm.

Signs of intoxication:

  • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea with the presence of blood, mucus,
  • hyperexcitability, nervousness or, on the contrary, complete apathy, impaired coordination, limb convulsions, inability to stand up,
  • fast breathing
  • high temperature
  • dilated or constricted pupils,
  • unwillingness to eat,
  • constant urination.

These are the main symptoms that indicate possible intoxication. Below are considered in more detail the signs of some of the most frequent poisoning.

Cow rape intoxication:

  • There is anemia,
  • The yield decreases,
  • The animal loses weight,
  • pulmonary edema occurs, breathing becomes difficult,
  • mouth and nose may cause discharge with foam,
  • urine with the presence of foam, diarrhea.
  • refusal to eat
  • excited state
  • coordination problems,
  • convulsions
  • rapid pulse and breathing.

Sugar beet:

  • Increased lactic acid levels
  • Disruption of appetite
  • Intense thirst
  • Diarrhea, vomiting,
  • Disruption of the heart,
  • Rapid breathing.

If you find such signs should be as soon as possible to provide the necessary assistance.

Emergency help and treatment

Feed poisoning of cows should be treated by a veterinarian. First of all, he conducts gastric lavage of the animal using potassium permanganate.

Do not use water for flushing so that toxins do not absorb faster.

Therapy for the type of toxic substance:

  • In case of urea poisoning, a 5% solution of vinegar is injected through the probe into the animal's stomach (up to four liters of vinegar is taken for ten liters of water). This solution is washing the stomach.
  • Treatment of sugar beet poisoning in cows is carried out as follows: enter up to five liters of potassium permanganate solution, laxatives or mucous broths are given to the animal, 5% solution of sodium chloride is injected into the vein, and insulin is injected under the skin.
  • When poisoning herbs are intoxicated, it is necessary to remove them from the animal's feed, then give the cow a drink of 1.5-2 liters of a 0.5% solution of acetic acid. A solution of urotropin at a concentration of 10% and 30% glucose solution up to 300 ml is injected into the vein.
  • In case of overdose with salt, the animal is given to drink a large amount of water, if necessary, use a probe. In addition, the doctor prescribes drugs with calcium content.

In addition, various laxatives, glucose solution, caffeine and others are used. It should always be remembered that self-treatment in such cases is unacceptable.

If you notice the signs in time and start treatment, the outcome will be quite favorable.

Prevention of poisoning in cows

There are a number of preventive measures that should be followed to avoid cow intoxication. For example:

  • Do not release to pastures after a drought due to the fact that in some plants harmful substances accumulate.
  • After the cows returned from the pasture, all the grass is mown for them. The fact is that they do not touch the poisonous plants, so they should be removed immediately.
  • Do not allow to graze cows at a time when there are poisonous plants, such as buttercups.
  • Before you feed the animal, you must carefully review the hay for the presence of poisonous herbs, mold.
  • Do not give herbs that are processed with various nitrates. The fact is that these substances accumulate in them and have a negative impact on all systems of cattle.

Poisoning a cow is a very difficult phenomenon for any farmer or ordinary person who contains this animal. Therefore, it is imperative to know what symptoms indicate intoxication, and what needs to be done to assist the injured animal. In addition, it is worth carrying out preventive measures.

What can poison a cow

With good cow immunity, substances that can cause intoxication can still be caught.

The most common causes of poisoning are as follows:

  1. Poor quality, expired or sour food, with which penetrate pathogens.
  2. The ingestion in the gastrointestinal tract along with the food of non-decomposed pesticides with which this feed was previously processed
  3. The use of heavy metal salts with feed from the same pesticides and other fertilizers.
  4. A large amount of salt, consumed with food or separately, also causes poisoning.
  5. Eating poisonous plants, green potatoes, mushrooms.
  6. Excess consumption of beets, which in large quantities can lead to poisoning.
  7. Intentional poisoning of the animal.

When grazing a cow, it is necessary to check the area and make sure that there are no plants that can poison the animal - buttercup, lupine, Sudanese, hemlock, horsetail, henbane, crucian, as well as others containing alkaloids in high concentrations.

These herbs can cause severe damage to internal organs. For example, eating cattle krestovik can be fatal due to damage to the liver and kidneys. And digitalis and hemlock paralyze the nervous system and lead to the rapid death of the animal.

First aid

For each poisonous substance there is a medicine:

  1. Arsenic. Gastric lavage with a 1% solution of burnt magnesia, followed by milk or other fatty food liquids.
  2. Mercury. The Strizhevsky antidote (alkaline solution with 0.5% hydrogen sulfide) is applied, then you need to drink milk or mucous fluids to restore the film on the surface of the stomach.
  3. Nitrates A methylene mixture is used followed by gastric lavage through a probe.
  4. Copper salts. Glucose is injected intravenously and gastric lavage is performed with charcoal water.
  5. Beet. Abundant gastric lavage with potassium permanganate (0.1% solution), subcutaneous injection of insulin, intravenous injection of 5% salt solution.
  6. Poisonous herbs. Feeding of a 0.5% aqueous solution of acetic acid (about 2 liters), intravenous glucose and hexamine, as well as gastric lavage with a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate.

Further therapy

The treatment is carried out by a veterinarian, as only a specialist can determine the cause of the disease and select the necessary drugs. Nonprofessional actions very often lead to death. The doctor, at the end of the emergency phase of medical care, will give all instructions and recommendations for further treatment of the affected cattle.

On his own, the owner can help his sick pet by providing him rest in a room with proper conditions — it is warm and not too dry in winter, and cool and a little damp in summer.

In the first two days the cow does not need to be fed, but the drink must be offered all the time - when the animal wants it, it will begin to restore the body with the help of liquid. Also, for the normalization of life, you need to give sorbing drugs (as prescribed by a veterinarian), which will help to quickly remove toxins.

With the normalization of the state, you can begin to feed the female farinaceous flour and oat chatterboxes, watching the reaction of her body. If everything is already well, the animal is gradually given the usual food, carefully checking its composition and origin.

Reviews from the network

"In case of severe poisoning, animals should not be given water until normalization occurs, as this may strengthen the picture of poisoning."

"Treatment. Animals are injected with coating agents, as well as vegetable oil, decoction of flaxseed, milk. Effective calcium gluconate in 10-50 ml with an interval between injections of 5-6 g, intravenously 40% glucose solution at a dose of 1 ml / kg .m. Calcium chloride can be considered a specific antidote for sodium poisoning with chloride, a 10% solution of which is administered intravenously to large animals, and a 5% solution in 1% gelatin solution in small animals at a rate of 1-3 ml per 1 kg f .m. Pigs are injected intramuscularly with unitiol (0.5 ml / kg of a 5% solution, vitamins K and B12, ammonium phosphate, diuretic (spironolactone). Inside - milk, vegetable oil, mucus, enemas. Do not use: substances containing Na +, K +, barbiturates, antipsychotics, caffeine, drugs. Piggy can be administered inside burned magnesia at a dose of 1.0 -5.0, 1-2 times a day, in the same doses, sulfur, because it reduces the absorption of salt from the gastrointestinal tract. It is better to give water in small portions not later than 5-8 hours, and to pigs - 6- 8 hours after poisoning up to 0.5 l, per bird 0.15 l in 30-50 minutes, but often. Giving large amounts of water can lead to swelling of the brain. "

How can a cow get poisoned

The cow refers to the large horned animals. A cow giving milk requires careful supervision and care. Poisoning occurs as a result of ingestion of harmful and toxic substances.

The intestine of a cow has a certain structure and insufficient resistance to bacteria and viruses. Therefore, poisoning occurs frequently. There are several factors and causes that can cause poisoning in such animals.

  1. Eaten substance used in the fields to get rid of harmful insects and weeds,
  2. The use of low-quality feed,
  3. Eating poisonous plants, berries, mushrooms, green potatoes,
  4. Eating alfalfa, corn sprouts and various plants harmful to the cow,
  5. Grass containing alkaloids - henbane, horsetail, buttercup - also pose a health hazard, in some situations even treatment will be useless,
  6. Poisoning is caused by salts of heavy metals, with timely initiated treatment, the animal will be saved.

In most cases, intoxication occurs due to the cow eating harmful substances and plants. When grazing, the shepherd must watch what cattle eat.

What can cause intoxication in cows and calves? What foods are excluded from the diet and make sure that they do not get into the food?

Poisoning cow feed

Food poisoning is considered the most frequent. Poor-quality or sour feed may get into the food. Also in the hay may be poisonous herbs. Eating green and last year’s potatoes also provoke poisoning. Solanine formed in tubers, leads to a serious disruption in the work of the central nervous system.

Apple poisoning

With apples, the cow does not like it, but is able to choke. These animals do not chew food, they swallow it whole. Therefore, these products are necessarily cut into several parts. Poisoning is possible when overeating apples with a high content of chemicals. It is not allowed to give the animal more buckets of apples a day, be sure to sprinkle them with salt.

Poisoning cows with salt

Salt is necessary for animals in scanty volume. An excess of salty foods leads to intoxication. The animal develops strong thirst, appetite is disturbed, there is apathy, emetic urge. Salt poisoning in cows leads to dehydration, malfunction of the internal organs. With such salt intoxication, help is provided quickly so as not to lose the animal.

Rapeseed and carbamide

Rapeseed plants are widely used in the farm. However, when seeds appear, they become dangerous for cows and other animals. Therefore, during the flowering period, the plants closely monitor that they do not herd in these places.

Also common is carbamide poisoning. Urea is added to the food of the animal, however, its excess leads to the excessive formation of ammonia in the body. The substance does not have time to display and poisons the cow.

Sugar beet and sugar

Both products in large quantities provoke excessive formation of lactic acid and sugar. As a result, the cow develops acidosis and hyperglycemia. Sugar beet poisoning leads to disruption of the heart, stomach, development of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis.

The danger for cows is saltpeter, various pesticides and other chemicals. An animal can be poisoned deliberately by mixing a toxic substance with feed. Perhaps poisoning rat poison, decomposed to get rid of rodents. Any farmer should be attentive to the diet of cows to avoid intoxication.

Signs and symptoms of intoxication

What are signs of intoxication? The first symptoms begin to appear several hours later after penetration of the toxin inside.

Calf poisoning is diagnosed earlier due to the rapid spread of poisons. At this stage it is important to begin treatment in order to avoid the death of the animal.

  • The change in color of feces, the presence of mucus, foam, blood,
  • Puffy belly
  • Urging to vomit, nausea,
  • Fever,
  • Uneven gait, poor coordination,
  • Depression, apathy, lack of movement in an animal,
  • Pupils become narrow or wide,
  • Strong separation of saliva, or vice versa, dry mucous membranes,
  • The oral cavity changes color depending on which substance was the toxin,
  • Disruption of the heart system, difficulty breathing,
  • The presence of convulsive manifestations, changes in emotional state, psychosis, aggression.

The presence of at least one sign should alert the farmer. It is necessary to start treatment of a cow immediately to avoid negative consequences.

Cow treatment methods

In the treatment of intoxication, a complex of procedures and medication are used to restore the health of the cow. Preparations are prescribed by a doctor, self-medication is not allowed.

  • Sorbents for cleansing toxins. Use white clay, activated carbon. If the toxic substance managed to be absorbed into the blood, such means will not help.
  • The introduction of antidotes. Choose a suitable tool to neutralize the action of the poison.
  • Caffeine. It will help restore the normal state of the nervous system.
  • Glucose solution eliminates diarrhea, nausea, helps to avoid dehydration.
  • Laxative medicines cleanse the intestines of toxins.
  • If necessary, use additional antidotes to eliminate the effects on organs and systems with a poisonous substance.

How to run the stomach of an injured cow? During the recovery period, it is necessary to pay attention to the nutrition of the animal, to ensure that no toxic substances get into the feed. With timely help and proper treatment, recovery comes quickly.

Intoxication prevention

Symptoms and treatment of poisoning of cows every farmer knows. It is possible to avoid poisoning of cattle with the observance of preventive measures. Careful attention to the cow will help maintain health.

  1. In the spring, do not leave hungry animals unattended, do not let them out on the places where buttercup grows.
  2. Do not graze after a drought, during this period there is an accumulation of toxin in the grass.
  3. После возвращения животных с пастбищ, вся трава скашивается, коровы не едят ядовитые растения, оставляя их на полях.
  4. Корм нужно внимательно просматривать, не давать корове еду с плесенью, плохим запахом.
  5. There should be no herbs in the food after being treated with chemicals.

Poisoning of cows occurs frequently. An attentive owner will not allow the development of unpleasant symptoms in an animal; consult a doctor in time. Preventive measures will help prevent poisoning.

The signs are as follows:

  • digestive symptoms of poisoning of cows, such as severe bloating, uncontrollable vomiting, diarrhea, and so on,
  • there may be changes in the functioning of the nervous system - excessive arousal and constant anxiety, paralysis, slow movements,
  • pupils constrict and dilate, there is no response to light streams,
  • the temperature rises to 42 degrees
  • breathing becomes fast
  • the heart beats too slowly or too often
  • saliva pours or the animal constantly wants to drink
  • there is no appetite
  • cattle muscles are overly stressed.

It is necessary to help your pet if you notice at least one of the described symptoms. During this period, toxic substances are easily removed from the stomach. If the toxins have already sucked into the blood, you will need the help of a qualified veterinarian.

Water for washing the stomach should be diluted with a titanium solution or potassium permanganate.

After washing the stomach should be given the animal protein and mucous broths to restore the microflora of the digestive tract.

Prevention of poisoning is very simple, you should very carefully select the hay for cows, and also to monitor where in the cow there is grass. Pasture must be verified.