Percutaneous or Digitalis
Percutaneous or Digitalis - Often found tall flowering herbaceous plant with an unusual appearance. There are one-, often biennial, there are perennial species.
The foxglove got its name in the form of a flower - each flower resembles a thimble. Digitalis is the scientific name of foxglove, derived from the similarity of the flower with the finger "digitus".
One of the most difficult tasks for a grower is to create beautiful flower gardens for different areas of the garden. To get acquainted with the already prepared author's ideas of their creation and photos of the colors used, we suggest watching this video course!
1. PURPLE STRING:
Monumental Perennial herbaceous plant up to one and a half meters tall. Due to the fragility of the plant in our climate is grown as a biennial plant. The flowers are large, bell-shaped, up to 5 cm. The colors of the flowers are varied from white, pink, all shades of lilac, and carmine, purple with dark brushstroke and hairs inside the corolla. Flowers with lanceolate bracts, collected on one side, in racemes up to 80 cm long. It blooms in the middle of summer.
2. VARIETY FLOWER INTERCUT:
Height up to 1 - 1.2 m. Leaves elongated lanceolate, pubescent. Bell-shaped flowers up to 5 cm long, yellow, with brown veins inside. It blooms in the middle of summer.
Perennial, but because of the fragility of the plant in our climate is grown as a biennial plant. Flower colors: purple, white or yellow in the form of bells, looking down on one side of the peduncle. The stem is very durable, but requires garters in rainy weather.
Digitalis' Krupnozvetkovaya has varieties with a beautiful flower shape in the shape of a Gloxinia flower and spotted coloring.
3. PERMAXIDE PERENNIAL:
This species is lower, but it also has flowering varieties. Over the years, the rhizome grows up, so the Perennial Foxglove must be mulched. They are cold-resistant, but rarely available. Agrotechnical requirements are the same as those of biennials.
It grows as in the sun with sufficient watering and moisture-intensive soil, it can grow in partial shade, but it blooms worse.
"Digitalis grade" Milk chocolate "
Desirable fertile clay.
Seeds are better to take from the lowest boxes - they grow better. Well propagated by self-seeding on wet soil. If self-seeding is undesirable - cut the flower stalks after flowering. Sometimes cropped plants will form new basal rosettes that separate and seat them - these rosettes will bloom for the coming year. It propagates by sowing seeds for seedlings in spring with planting on a permanent place in autumn. Blooms in the second year.
For better flowering, top dressing in spring with full mineral fertilizer and mulching with humus for winter seedlings is desirable. Purpleheads has the largest number of varieties.
It must be remembered that the foxglove, as a medicinal plant, is extremely poisonous! After working with them (preferably in gloves), hands should be thoroughly washed.
The most popular type is purple foxglove. This is a biennial plant with powerful leaves and pinkish-red petals, studded with spots from the inside. This perennial, by the way, is widely used in homeopathy. Representatives of this species are completely undemanding in their care and delight in flowering for more than a month. Unfortunately, the purple foxglove does not live for many years. In the third year, the plant may not die, but most likely will lose its decorative effect.
Varieties of other species are more commonly grown as perennials. Among them are tall specimens (up to 180 cm), medium-sized (65-100 cm), as well as charming dwarf varieties (30-60 cm).
In the large-flowered foxglove, petals are pubescent, of soft pastel-yellow color with brown specks. It rarely grows above 120 cm, is considered a perennial, but can behave like a biennial. A wonderful option for decorating arbors, verandas, planting in pots, making elegant bouquets.
Digitalis yellow even lower, up to 100 cm in height. This is a full-fledged perennial that perfectly tolerates cold and is suitable for garden plots in northern latitudes. It will help to create an impressive yellow-orange range in the flower garden, perfectly combined with plants that bloom in purple, blue and red.
In the foxglove rusty very unusual flowers, they are usually painted in various yellow-brown tones, in shape they resemble an orchid. This type is just a godsend for gardeners who can not spend much time caring for the site. The plant is fairly moderate watering and a small top dressing. Varieties of this type are often used to create a multi-tiered flower beds and natural thickets.
For successful cultivation of foxglove in the open field will require a loose, moderately fertile land with good drainage, the moisture should not stagnate. It is advisable to choose a slightly shaded place and avoid areas under deciduous trees, as the foliage falling in autumn can cause the death of the plant.
Before planting, they dig up the soil about 30 cm, make manure or humus, you can add some natural mineral fertilizers, for example, wood ash. Then the top layer of the ground is raked.
The best known and loved by gardeners is purple fox (D. purpurea). It is a tall, up to 1.5 m, plant with large inflorescences up to 0.8 m long. Flowers - the largest among the foxglove, about 5 cm, very beautiful. Despite the name, the color of the flowers can be different - purple, pink, cream, white, there are monochromatic flowers, and with contrasting spots and strokes.
Flowers - the largest among the foxglove, about 5 cm, very beautiful.
The main varieties. Especially popular are the varieties with pure white flowers - Alba and Snow Thimble, as well as the unusually spectacular Pam’s Choise and Pam’s Choice, Split Corolla are white with large burgundy strokes on the inside of the flower. The latter is considered the most beautiful among the foxgloves, as its petals are carved in shape, which gives the flower additional charm.
There are varieties with differently shaded flowers in one inflorescence: The Shirley with white and cream flowers, Glittering Prizes Mix with white and many transitional shades of cherry, Candy Mountain with pink and red petals.
Apricot blooms: Apricot with monophonic and Apricot delight with dark spots inside. One of the novelties of selection is the Silver Fox variety with silver foliage and light beige flowers.
Differences in height. There are varieties of tall, as a species plant, up to 1.5 m - The Shirley, Alba, Glittering Prizes Mix, there are medium-grown - Candy Mountain, Snow Thimble, Apricot, Apricot delight, Silver Fox.
There are very stunted breeding novelties - the Dwarf series. The varieties of this series have a height of 30–35 cm and the flowers are white or red.
Purple foxglove is a perennial, but more often grown as a biennial, because it blooms in the second year.
Purple foxglove is a perennial, but more often grown as a biennial, because it blooms in the second year. However, thanks to the hard work of the breeders, varieties that have flowered already in the year of planting have been bred, for example, the Fooxy variety, a medium-growing variety with white, pink or red flowers, and the Fl Camelot group.
Very interesting flowers are in the middle-layer digitalis Mertonensis (D. Mertonensis). They are pink in color, pale outside the flower and bright inside. The most popular variety of Merton foxglove is Summer King with strawberry flowers.
Merton's digitalis, a hybrid of digitalis purpurea and digitalis grandiflora, is very much loved by gardeners.
Unlike digitalis purpurea, the grandiflora digitalis often does not lose its decorative properties after the first flowering, so it can be a full-fledged perennial. Although often behaves like a biennial.
Srednerosly view, up to 1.2 m tall, with yellow flowers, covered inside with brown specks.
A full-fledged perennial kind of digitalis that does not lose its decorative properties for 4–6 years is digitalis yellow (D. lutea). Srednerosly view with inflorescences up to 0.5 m long and yellow flowers. The most popular variety is Glory of Roundway with pink flowers.
Of the less popular, but very interesting types of digitalis, it should be noted that the rusty digital fox (D. ferruginea). It is interesting in the form of flowers - their asymmetry is more pronounced than in other species, due to the highly elongated lower petals, which makes them look like orchids. The color of the inflorescences, as the name suggests, is rusty brown.
The foxglove is unpretentious, but in order for the plant to grow as effective as possible, one must still adhere to a few simple rules of agricultural engineering.
1. It is possible to plant a foxglove on a site with any illumination, but in deep shadow the flowers will not be so bright.
2. It is necessary to carefully prepare the soil before planting: dig up to a depth of 0.3 m and add compost or rotted manure and ash.
3. On hot days in the evening, watering, not allowing the soil to dry out.
4. Twice a season to fertilize fertilizers.
5. The root system of the foxglove is often exposed, so before wintering it is necessary to pour the soil on the roots and cover up with fallen leaves.
6. In the spring it is necessary to prune dried leaves.
The foxglove multiplies well by self-sowing, so it is sufficient to simply transplant the grown plants. It transfers transplant easily and blooms in the second year. With the acquired seeds, too, there will be no problems - you just need to plant them in the prepared ground, thin out the seedlings, and then transplant the strengthened plant. If you have become the happy owner of a varietal foxglove that blooms in the year of planting, you should plant the seeds in containers in March and transplant to the site in May.
Digitalis is considered a poisonous plant, so you need to follow certain precautionary rules.
Digitalis is considered a poisonous plant, so you need to follow certain precautionary rules. When planting, work with plants in gloves, after - wash your hands and, of course, do not try to taste flowers.
Herbaceous foxglove, also called digitalis (Digitalis), is a member of the Podorozhnik family, but earlier it was part of the Norichnik family. The scientific name digatilis appeared from the Latin word translated “thimble”. The structure of this genus includes about 35 species. In nature, this plant is widely distributed in the Mediterranean, but it can be found in other areas of Europe, in North Africa and Western Asia. 4 species of digitalis grow in the Caucasus, and 2 species in the European part of Russia and in Western Siberia. Digitalis prefers to grow on the edges and glades of the forest, among shrubs and in meadows.
Features of digitalis
Digitalis is an herbaceous biennial or perennial plant, while in the Western Mediterranean you can meet digitalis in the form of a half-shrub or shrub. The shoots are unbranched and rigid, their height varies from 0.3 to 1.5 m. Greenish large whole-leafed plates have a lanceolate and oblong shape, they are sharp, alternately arranged, gradually turning into bracts. Two or one-sided apical racemes consist of large irregular-shaped flowers, painted in light red, yellow or purple. The bell-shaped flowers have a special device when a fly, a bumblebee, a bee or a wasp are taken in them, then pollen drops it, then such an insect moves to another flower, carrying the pollen onto itself. This is how pollination occurs. This plant blooms in June, and blooms - in the first autumn weeks. The fruit is a box, inside which there are many small seeds of brown color, they remain viable for 2-3 years. One bush can produce about 2 million seeds. Any kind and variety of foxglove is poisonous, in connection with this they are forbidden to plant on the beds of children's institutions. Some species of digitalis are grown as ornamental plants, while others are better known as medicinal. The composition of the foliage of most species includes glycosides, they are used in nontraditional and traditional medicine. This plant is resistant to frost and drought, as well as undemanding to care and soil composition.
Absolutely all types of digitalis contain poisons dangerous to humans, so self-treatment of this plant should be completely excluded. Funds based on digitalis should not be taken by people with diseased lungs, stenocardia, pericarditis, myocarditis, myocardial infarction, gastric tachycardia, and even children and pregnant women. If poisoning has occurred, then vomiting, skin rash, respiratory failure, nausea, severe pain in the abdomen, convulsions, malfunction of the heart will appear. If at least one of these symptoms appears, an ambulance should be called in urgently. If you use digitalis-based agents for a long time, then toxic agents will accumulate in the body, which will cause anorexia, loss of appetite and hallucinations.