Weigela is a flowering deciduous shrub whose height reaches more than two meters. East Asia is considered the birthplace of this gorgeous, handsome man. The climate in these parts is mild, so the plant is thermophilic. Intolerance to cold temperatures imposes certain restrictions on the cultivation of shrubs in our latitudes. Weigela Middendorf and Weigela Early are considered the most adapted to the Russian climatic conditions.
The leaves have the shape of an oval and jagged edges. The bush begins to bloom in mid-summer and pleases the owners of the site with a large number of inflorescences for a long time. Inflorescences consist of five to six flowers-bells, reaching up to five cm in diameter. Color is striking in its diversity: the petals are snow-white and bright red. Weigela refers to remontant plants. Uncomplicated planting and care, as well as high ornamental shrubs make weigel very popular among amateur gardeners.
To improve growth, it is necessary to systematically prune old and dry branches. The procedure is carried out in the spring and summer. A garden putty is applied on the cuts, preventing it from drying out, rotting, settling by pests and cracking.
Young bushes for the winter cover from the weather with sack paper. Pristvolny circle covered with spruce branches. Affected by severe frosts, the plant in the spring needs abundant watering. Under each bush pour out about ten liters of water.
Adults have fragile branches that can break under the weight of snow. To protect the bushes from snowfall, you can use a wooden frame, erected before the winter season. Covering materials will save the plant from the cold in the absence of snow cover.
Fertilizers are applied 2 times a year: in the first months of spring and early summer. Potassium sulfate, superphosphate and carbamide are suitable for this. Shrub prefers loose, fertile land. Weigela does not tolerate over-wetting.
Weigela is well acclimatized in the spring. Autumn planting causes the death of the plant when the first frost occurs. For planting is perfect south side of the building. Bushes bloom profusely with enough light. Seedlings must be older than 3 years.
Before planting, a hole of forty cm is pulled out. For scanty soils, the depth must be greater: a drainage layer consisting of gravel and a complex mineral nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizer are added to the pit.
Large seedlings are planted at a distance of 2 meters from each other; one meter is sufficient for medium-sized varieties. The place of transition of the stem to the root is not deepened.
Reproduction green cuttings - this is the most effective and common method. Wood cutting is a rather time-consuming process, because the result appears only after five years. The cutting is carried out before the formation of the kidneys. The cuttings must be at least ten cm and have at least a couple of leaves. Young shoots are treated with heteroauxin. They are left for half a day in a dark place. The temperature in the room should be 19-21 ° C. The cuttings will take root in a month. A transplant to a permanent place is carried out in a year and a half.
Weigela or in Latin Weigela - it is a large shrub of the honeysuckle family in natural conditions, shedding leaves for the winter. Weigela blooms twice a year and is very abundant - its beautiful flowers have funnel shape.
The homeland of Weigela is considered to be Southeast Asia, as well as the Far East. There are about 15 species of weigela, which are successfully grown in gardens and parks. The rapid growth and frost resistance of the plant provided her with a worthy place among garden shrubs.
Most species of weigel are not adapted for home cultivation, except for one species - Weigela Hybrid or in Latin Weigela hybrida. Sometimes this species is called "Room hawthorn".
This variety is interesting not only because of its adaptability to living indoors, but also because it is the result of long breeders' work.
In the Weigel Hybrid, signs of many species are traced at once. It features a hybrid weigela and a very compact size.
Flowers This species is colored in pink and white. A lush green with white trim at the edges add even more charm to the plant. The shoots of weigels change their color from reddish-pink to gray-brown as they grow.
In height weigela grows to 1.5 meters. The life of the plant is up to 20 or 30 years, and with age, weigela does not lose its decorative effect.
Features care for weigela at home
Caring for the weigela, very important to ensure plant conditions as close as possible to natural. The rapid growth and frequent flowering of weigel require the grower to maintain the shape of a bush and regular pruning.
In general, weigela care not difficult, but it forces the grower to constantly monitor the condition of the plant and take care of it as necessary.
Selection and lighting
For weigela very important be in a sunny place and receive a lot of light. However, direct sunlight can harm the plant, so the western or eastern sill with a bright but diffused light would be an ideal place for it.
On the south window you need to prune the weigela, and on the north it may lack light. Summer weigela feels fine at room temperature. And in winter - from 12 to 18 ° C.
Watering and moisture
In spring and summer, water the weigela should be moderate, constantly keeping the soil moist, but without stagnant water. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced.
Weigela doesn't need in high humidity, but the general condition of the plant must be monitored. It is advisable to wipe the leaves with a damp cloth or regularly spray them, excluding moisture on the flowers.
Pay attention to very rapid growth of weigela, it should be remembered that it requires regular pruning and shaping. If the plant will branch from a very early age, constant pruning of the shoots will form a shrub.
If initially, growing the weigela, leave only one trunk, and pinch it at the required height, that is, take off the top, the plant will form a tree with a lush branching crown. And if you make even more efforts and grow weigela as a bonsai, you can get a miniature and very spectacular tree with abundant flowering.
Often novice flower growers they learn the art of bonsai on the weigel. This plant is ideal for creating a compact tree in the Japanese style.
The powerful weigela root system allows it to easily transfer all stages of creating a bonsai: cutting the roots, changing the stem with a wire, rope or support, loosening the soil.
In the autumn after flowering It is advisable to cut weigela branches in order to stimulate the growth of new shoots and improve the shape of the crown In the spring it is important to remove old and diseased branches.
Flowering and resting period
Under good conditions, weigela blooms twice in one season from May to September. At this time it is necessary to remove faded flowers in time to prolong flowering, and to disturb the plant less.
Flowering weigela looks like a cloud of delicate white and pink flowers. This is a truly enchanting sight, which is worth working for, taking care of the plant! The second bloom in the season, most often, not so abundant, but also very beautiful.
Interestingly, the room weigel is very mild rest period. By winter, it ceases to bloom and resets part of the leaves. However, this does not affect its decoration.
It is only necessary to replant the weigela. if necessary, because she does not like when she is disturbed. Transplant must be carried out by transshipment method.
Weigela prefers nutritious and fertile soil, characterized by friability.
Landing tank must match the size of the plant and be a couple cm larger than its root system in diameter. When growing trees in the style of bonsai should use low and wide pots.
It also does not hurt to put a thin layer of drainage on top of the soil around the bush - this will create protective "shell" for root system.
For better growth and development of weigela, it is very useful to apply humus to the soil once a year. In the heat, it does not hurt to feed the plant with phosphate fertilizers, which is positive will affect the color of foliage.
Diseases, pests and frequent problems
Weigela is affected by various diseases of indoor plants, for example:
- fungal infections,
- bacterial infections
Frequent problems weigela occur when improper care:
- Weigela does not bloom - excessive watering, lack of fertilizer, too young age of the plant.
- The leaves are faded - lack of light. Artificial lighting will help.
- Spots on the leaves - fungal disease.
- Spherical growths on the roots or root neck - incurable bacterial infection. In order to avoid contamination of other plants from the sick tree will have to get rid of.
- The leaves turn yellow - root damage or alkaline soil. In the first case, the strait "Aktara" will help, and in the second - regular acidification of the soil.
Pests attacking the plant:
Recommendations professionals for planting and caring for weigela, see the video:
About the colorful flowering of weigela and its features, also look at the video:
As you can see, a charming weigela can be grown indoors without any problems. If you are captivated by the fabulous beauty of this shrub, give him a little care and love - and weigela will answer you with a scattering of spectacular leaves and a cloud of delicate pink flowers.
Weigela - beautiful, ornamental shrubrelatively unpretentious. Some species bloom twice a year. Sometimes weigela is called the herald of heat, because it blooms in late May - early June. But in some species, the timing may vary. The second time the bush blooms at the end of the summer. The first bloom lasts about a month, the second - a little less.
The flowers in their form resemble bells, their length reaches 5 centimeters, they can be gathered into inflorescences or arranged singly.
I was able to get rid of ARTHROSIS AND OSTEOCHONDROSIS PER MONTH! Operations are not needed. Read more here.
The variety of colors is surprising: from white and cream to dark red and burgundy. Some colors may change over time. Blossoming begins with light shades, and will end with a dark saturated shade. Seeds ripen in a small box with shutters, they are small, slightly angular.
Middendorf (Weigela middendorffiana)
This species is distributed in the North and East of China, as well as on Sakhalin and the Far East. The bush grows approximately 1.5 meters in height. The leaves are oval elongated with a pointed end, the foliage on this bush is reset every year. Flowers 3-4 centimeters in length, bloom 2 times a year, in spring and at the end of summer. Shades from yellowish to gray, with bright orange dots. Seeds are small, with wings, a box elongated.
Pleasant (Weigela suavis)
Not very common type, although quite spectacular and unpretentious. This variety grows to 1.3 meters in height. The leaves are bright and saturated green, which by the end of September change color, and in October are discarded. Their oval-lanceolate form. Flowers in the shape of a funnel have a color from pink inside to lilac outside. Flowering occurs 2 times a year: the first from the beginning of May to the end of June, the second at the end of summer or early September.
Early (Weigela praecox)
The bush reaches a height of 2 meters, blooms in May and continues to bloom for 2-3 weeks. His pink flowers are collected in inflorescences on drooping peduncles.
This species was the result of a floriferous, Korean, and blooming crossing. They are most often planted for decoration of various landscape compositions.
This is one of the oldest hybrids, was bred in Poland. He has long been in great demand and is now in high demand.
Bushes of this type reach 2-3 meters in height, have a compact crown. Green leaves 6-10 cm in length have sharp tips and cover the entire length of the branches. Brilliant flowers in the form of tubules, inside light pink, and outside - reddish. Bloom from June to August.
03/10/2018 admin Comments No Comments
A beautiful shrub that is not difficult to grow in your backyard is weigela. Summer residents and gardeners quite often choose it for their plots because it blooms profusely with bright flowers, is unpretentious in care, and preparation for winter consists only in creating shelter. But it is important to remember that if weigels fall and become weak, then that when choosing a variety and landing site mistakes were made.
About Weigel Shrub
During the season, weigela has time to bloom twice: in spring and towards the end of summer. A distinctive feature of almost all varieties is that the blooming flowers from the beginning of flowering are pale, they gain their true color with time. The exception is the species of weihela floriferous. The color of flowers of different varieties of weigela differ from each other. The range of shades is large: from creamy-white to purple-red dark, as, for example, in Weihela Naomi Kempebl. As for the shape of flowers, they are in the form of a bell or a funnel, while growing both alone and collected into inflorescences. The size of flower buds ranges from 2 to 4 cm in diameter. Weigela belongs to the family of honeysuckle.
If you choose a flowering plant for your dacha, then only such as weigela, planting and caring in the open field does not take much time and physical strength. When weighel is planted, the most important thing is to choose the right place. It should be fairly well protected from sudden gusts of wind. Usually choose a sunny place on the south side of the house.
Weigels are planted as a hedge, they are used as part of borders. Flowering plant Weigel adorns the gates, facades of houses. The shrub can be combined in planting with other shrubs, such as barberries or conifers, to use when forming an alpine slide. Shrubs of this genus have very beautiful leaves, they have a rounded shape and an unusual color, the tone of which ranges from light green to dark bottle-colored. The plant looks very picturesque in rock gardens, rockeries, often included in the composition of Japanese gardens.
Weigela has proven herself as a shrub-tapeworm. This is the name of a special design reception for the design of the landscape. A beautiful and floriferous plant is planted singly on the background of a lawn or wall of buildings, fences, facades. Due to the blooming of bright large flowers, the shrub perfectly stands out against the background of the entire plot, attracting maximum attention.
If you plant a weigela as a tapeworm, then the ratio of the height of the plant and the free space around it should be 1: 3.
It is important to remember that weigela is primarily a deciduous shrub that is afraid of cold wind gusts. When planting it as a tapeworm, it is important to consider how it will look in the middle of the meadow, if all the leaves fall off.
Weigela landing and care
Caring for weigela includes proper planting in the ground. The ornamental shrub from the family of honeysuckle must be placed in a good sunny place with a low level of underlying groundwater. The weigela plant, planting and caring for which are important for the gardener, must be safely covered from gusts of wind. Taking this into account, weigela is often planted next to other low shrubs or placed a little on an elevation, thereby regulating the access of the sun. Only a winter-hardy variety of Middendor's weigela, or an early weigela, can endure a cool, shady place; other varieties will drop foliage from lack of sun.
Soil for planting in open ground
It is important to choose not only the place, but also the soil for the shrub. Planted weigela in loamy or sandy soil with medium acidity. This allows you to enhance its flowering. If the soil has an increased acidity in the area, then it is important to adjust it by adding lime or bone meal. Weigela prefers alkaline soil, with the exception of the Weigela Middendorf variety, which grows well in slightly acidified soil.
Weigela is watered plentifully, but the roots should not be stagnant. Weigela of almost any kind does not like excess moisture, therefore the soil should pass water well. If the soil is dense, then drainage is required. Usually used sand, crushed concrete or brick, or a small fraction of gravel. From the natural drainage when planting a bush gardeners are advised to contribute egg shells.
Flowering weigela: planting and caring for it start in the spring rather early, from April you can plant it in the ground. If the plant was purchased in a pot, then it can be planted in the ground during the entire warm period, following the general rules of planting.
Experienced gardeners recommend preparing a planting hole in advance, for 2 weeks. During this time, the soil will have time to settle, the fall of the earth into a hole ends. Яму для посадки куста копают размером 50см*50см* 1 м.If you place several weigela bushes next to each other, then, depending on the variety, you need to leave a distance between them of at least 1–1.5 meters.
It is necessary to prepare in advance the soil mixture for backfilling the roots. It should include:
- Top layer of land removed
- Mineral top dressing in the form of complex fertilizer.
As for manure, it is not introduced during planting, since the roots of the shrub will not be able to be mastered during the adaptation period. In order to provide the seedling with sufficient nutrition, a mixture of soil, drainage and compost in a total volume of about 15 liters is placed at the bottom of the pit at the planting stage. As a nutrient soil, you can use the soil mixture purchased from the store. Under the drainage understand the sand, in the pit it will need about half a bucket.
Before planting in the pit weigela sapling must be carefully considered. It depends on the storage conditions of the seedling whether it will take root or not, whether it can bloom abundantly. It is better to acquire a strong 2-3 year old sapling, its root system by this time is already much stronger than that of a plant of the first year of life.
What should alert the gardener when choosing a sapling? Sluggish shriveled leaves, the presence of dark spots on the leaves, dry, lifeless hanging roots. In this case, it is recommended to choose a different plant, since at this stage it is not clear whether the eastern shrub will be able to settle down with this level of damage.
Optimally, when the roots of the bush are a little wet and there is earth on them. This means that the plant was dug recently, and all this time its root system was in the ground, it was not left without food and moisture. Sometimes on sale you can find weigel plants, whose roots are covered with clay, are “sealed”. In order to make a decision whether to buy such a sapling or not, they inspect other parts of the plant and evaluate how healthy they are. Because clay, although it creates a protective layer on the roots, but also dries the roots. In addition, the coating of clay - a signal that the plant has long been on sale. Therefore, the decision to purchase should be made only after the seedling is carefully inspected.
Before planting, weigela roots are sprayed with plenty of water, this allows you to remove clay, dry clods of earth. Gardeners recommend soaking the roots of the plant in a rooting stimulator for 2–5 hours. After the root system comes to life, you need to once again inspect the seedling and remove all the rotten roots, broken branches, and sprinkle the cut with ashes or pound coal. In this form, the sapling is ready for planting.
Landing Weigela in the ground
In order to plant weigela in the ground does not lead to damage to the roots, it is recommended to make a small mound of prepared soil in the center of the pit and place the plant on it. It is most convenient to work together, someone holds the plant, and the assistant - falls asleep the ground and tamps. The roots of the weigel during planting are straightened with their hands and directed downward so that they will not break. At the same time, the root neck of the plant is buried by more than 2 cm. The hole is filled up with a prepared mixture of soil and drainage, and the soil around the plant is slightly compacted.
After planting, weigela is watered abundantly, shedding all the soil around the plant evenly. If the soil subsides, it is recommended to pour a little bit of soil, but it is important that the ground remains light and loose.
Top dressing and trimming of a bush
Fertilize weigela in early spring, using infusion of rotted weeds. At the end of the summer season, it is recommended to apply complex mineral fertilizer at the rate of 30–40 grams per small bush, and 80 grams per high plant. For the end of the season, you need to choose a type of dressing that does not contain the nitrogen component. This will not waste the power of the plant on the foliage in the past year, and lay the foundations of flowering for the next.
Caring for weigela is the need to regularly cut the tips of the shoots of the plant. This improves the decorative appearance of the shrub, allows the plant to “rejuvenate” and keeps its flowers large.
In order not to be left without flowers, it is important to pay attention to the age of the pruned shoot. Flowers of the plant Honeysuckle family are formed on last year's shoots.
Pruning is usually carried out in the spring. During the procedure, carefully inspect the branches and root neck of the plant, remove frostbitten, broken branches. The second pruning can be done immediately after flowering or at the end of summer. Its goal is to remove branches older than three years, to allow side shoots to grow from the root, to form a crown.
Preparing for the winter
Even if you grow a shrub with strong cold-resistant qualities like Weigel Middendorf, or weigela is pleasant, then you need to cover the plant for the winter anyway, otherwise it may freeze to the level of snow.
Shelter is made of dry grass, lapnik and non-woven cloth. If the bush has been growing for many years, gardeners note that its winter hardiness increases significantly. It easily tolerates harsh winters and in spring it only needs to trim the frost-damaged tips of the shoots.
If the plant in the title has the prefix "variegata", then this suggests that it has colorful bicoloured leaves. Bushes with such a color poorly tolerate the harsh winters of central Russia. Gardeners are recommended to cover such a weigela before each winter.
Before you send a bush for the winter, it is examined for the presence of pests or diseases. This is indicated by the blackened tips of branches, blooms and spots. The affected shoots must be removed. Under the bush, make a "pillow", that is, lay a layer of grass, lapnik or leaves.
The branches of the plant are tied up and covered with something dense from above, but not with polyethylene, since it can cause decay. For the top "pillow" fit hay or spandbond. In order for heavy snow not to break the branches of the weigel, which are already fragile, have a soft core, it is better to build a mini-frame and install it under a bush. This is especially important to do for young plants.
A beautiful weigela can be planted in the garden, given the characteristics of its planting, feeding and wintering. In this case, it will please the owners with bright colors for a long time.
Weigela - shrub plant, which today there are about 15 species. The main advantage when planting - simple technology of cultivation and care. Weigela is shade-tolerant. The flowers are collected in beautiful inflorescences and have a length of up to 7 centimeters. May be pink, red tint. After flowering on the bush fruits are formed.
Weigela: planting and care in the open field
The topic of this article is Weigela: landing and care in open ground. From it you will learn how to grow this plant in your summer cottage, even if you are a novice and inexperienced summer resident.
Planting weigela - where to start?
If you once saw the weigela, you could not pass by this unique, aesthetic plant, which is distinguished by lush flowering, bright colors and beautiful foliage. The bush is sure to become the main attraction of your garden, it will attract and amaze with its appearance.
When is it better to plant Weigel? The best time to disembark is spring. Autumn planting leads to the death of plants in winter. For disembarking, you need to pick up a site on a hill, so that there is no access to wind and hurricane, because of which flowers and buds can crumble. In order to keep the weigela bright and beautiful, you need a lighted place. The soil needs a fertile, rich in nutrients. For planting you need to choose seedlings over 3 years.
How to plant a plant in the country? It is necessary to follow several recommendations:
- Pit for seedlings need to dig a depth of 40 centimeters. If the soil is not fertile, then a mixture is settled at the bottom of the pit: expanded clay, sand, crushed stone, compost.
- To create the necessary conditions for rooting the plant, it is necessary to process the seedlings with a growth stimulator.
- When planting the roots must be straightened. The root neck deepens about 2 centimeters. After planting, seedlings need to be watered, and the site to mulch.
Caring for Weigela is easy and simple.
As you have noticed, planting and growing technology is quite simple. Is it difficult to care for a plant? Not. It is only necessary to monitor timely watering, removal of weeds, loosening the soil. Sometimes you need to make feeding. If they were introduced during planting, then the next two years should not be fertilized. After this period, it is recommended to apply mineral fertilizers, for example: ammofosk, diammofosk.
Fertilizers are applied only in May-June. They will help to continue flowering and strengthen the branches. The following feeding is carried out closer to the autumn plowing. It is the introduction of wood ash or drug Kemira. Shrub blooms twice per season. A flowering plant will give you a beautiful sight.
How does weigela reproduce?
The process can take place in different ways:
- Seed method. The way is ineffective. This is due to the fact that the germination of seed material is low and lasts only a few years.
- Cuttings. Cuttings are cut to a size of 10 centimeters, the underside is cleared of leaves, and the top is trimmed. They need to be treated with root, after they can be planted in a mixture of sand and peat. when planting rooting cuttings are not worth it. From above, it is covered with a glass jar.
How to plant and care for outdoor weigela: rules for growing
Every day it should be lifted to access oxygen.
Cuttings and layering on a permanent place planted only a few years later.
How to cut the weigela? Young plants need only sanitary pruning. It is held in the fall, is to get rid of broken, frozen and unhealthy branches. Mature shrubs can be trimmed to form. The process is carried out in the summer. In addition, adult bushes need to be cut for rejuvenation. Old branches are removed, all the rest are simply shortened.
Pests and Weigel Diseases
The most dangerous are aphids and caterpillars. In hot weather, there are also many other pests. For the destruction of used special chemicals that can be purchased at a specialty store. When the plants are yellowing, the reason may be the active reproduction of larvae of the cockchafer or the bearfish. To destroy them, you must use the solution karbofos or aktar. Infections affecting weigela: rust, gray mold, spotting. To eliminate the disease, apply Topsin solution.
So, weigela, landing and care in open ground which is simple, it will be a great attraction of your summer cottage. Doubt? We offer you personally to make sure.
Weigela bush: plant descriptionWeigela - This is a perennial shrub with upright shoots. Stolonov does not form. Green with white edging, velvety leaves are located opposite, they do not have stipules.
The plant is prone to re-flowering, and the flowers are quite large (up to 5 cm), funnel-shaped. Can be collected in inflorescences (up to 6 pcs.) Or single. Color is different: from white to pink.
Characteristic of weigela is a change in shade during the flowering process from a paler to a brighter one. The fruit is a bivalve box with angular small seeds. In some varieties they are winged. Weigela lives to be 20-30 years old.
What should be the lighting
For weigela, one of the most important factors in planting and caring at home is adequate lighting. There should be a lot of light, but without direct sunlight.
Western and eastern windows, which provide bright but diffused lighting, will work well. If you place the plant on a southern window-sill, then do not forget to prune it. When placing the pot on the north side - lighting may be insufficient.
Temperature and humidity for successful growthIn summer, room temperature is suitable for weigela, and in winter, the temperature should be + 12 ° C. + 18 ° С.
The plant does not need high humidity, but regular spraying (only leaves, not flowers) will not be superfluous. You can simply wipe the foliage with wet matter.
What should be the soil
Weigela loves a nutritious, fertile, loose soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. Suitable sandy or loamy soil. You can make a soil mix by combining deciduous soil with sand and turf soil in a 2: 2: 1 ratio. On overmoistened soil, weigela blooms poorly.
The planting scheme of this shrub consists of the following algorithm.
- Make a hole (30-40 cm deep).
- Plant roots treat with a growth stimulator.
- When planting, make sure that the root neck is not deeply buried.
- Depending on the variety of weigela hybrid, place the flowerpots at a distance of 2 meters (large varieties) to 80 cm (for low ones).
- After planting requires abundant watering.
Watering and feeding plants
During the period of active growth (spring-summer) it is necessary to water regularly, but moderately. The substrate should be wet all the time, at the same time, make sure that the water does not stagnate. For autumn and winter, watering is reduced.It is useful once a year, in early spring, to fertilize the soil with humus. It stimulates the growth of young foliage and shoots.
To bloom was more lush and long - in late spring - early summer, apply phosphate-potassium fertilizers. Also in hot weather, phosphoric top dressing, which will positively affect the color of the leaves, will not be superfluous.
How is pruning done
Due to its rapid growth, weigela needs regular pruning. If you want to form a plant with a bush, then regularly shorten the shoots to half their length, and if a miniature tree with a lush crown - leave only the trunk and pin it at the desired height.
To form a crown and stimulate the growth of new shoots, pruning is best done in the fall, immediately after flowering. In the spring, remove old and diseased branches.
When a plant is needed, and what is needed for itWeigela is transported by transshipment and only when necessaryif the root system is cramped in the old pot. This plant does not like to be disturbed. All that is needed for transplantation is a new tank, substrate and drainage. About what soil and capacity to choose, has already been written above.
For breeding weigela at home by cuttings, in the beginning of summer, cut off young, non-lignified shoots, 10-15 cm long with 2 internodes. Remove the lower leaves and cut the upper leaves in half.
Put cuttings for 1-2 hours in water, and then for 12 hours, place in a growth stimulator. The room should be dark and the temperature should be within + 20 ° C. + 25 ° С.Air and water the cuttings twice a day. After a couple of weeks rooting will occur.
Weigels propagated by cuttings, bloom for the first time at the age of two.
Planting and caring for the weigela (in short)
- Landing: March or April.
- Bloom: from mid-May during the month, re-bloom - in August-September.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: loose, fresh, moderately moistened and rich in humus loamy or sandy soil weakly alkaline or neutral reaction.
- Watering: moderate watering only during the dry season.
- Top dressing: after fertilization, the plant can not be fed for two years during planting; later, during the growing season, three dressings are carried out: in early spring with full mineral fertilizer, in early summer potash-phosphorus fertilizer, and for autumn digging - with wood ash.
- Trimming: young bushes are pruned only for sanitary purposes in early spring, adults are pruned for pruning in spring, and formative - in summer, after the first flowering. Once every 3-4 years spend rejuvenating pruning bush.
- Reproduction: seeds, green and semi-lignified cuttings, layering and overgrown.
- Pests: aphids, thrips, caterpillars, spider mites, crunches and a bearfish.
- Diseases: gray rot, spotting.
Weigela Shrub - description
Weigela flower is moisture-loving and relatively shade tolerant. This upright shrub does not form stolons, the leaf location on its shoots is opposite, the leaves are petioled, without stipules, serrate or dentate serrate. Flowers, funnel-shaped or bell-shaped, up to 5 cm long, single or gathered in loose inflorescences, are pink, cream, yellow, carmine-red and other colors that can change in the process of flowering from a lighter shade to a more saturated color. After flowering, weigel bush forms a fruit - bivalve boxes with small seeds.
Like any shrub, weigela needs a haircut. Young bushes need only sanitary pruning, in which in early spring they remove broken, frozen, diseased or thickening branches. Mature bushes are subjected to formative pruning, which is carried out in the middle of summer after the first flowering of weigela, while new shoots have not yet grown. But keep in mind that the second bloom occurs just on the shoots of the current year, so if you missed the time of the summer haircut, and the shoots went to growth, it is better not to do summer pruning at all. Кроме того, взрослые кусты раз в три-четыре года нуждаются в омолаживающей обрезке, во время которой удаляют все ветки, которым больше трех лет, а остальные укорачивают на треть. Иногда есть смысл обрезать вообще все побеги, и не волнуйтесь, вейгела после такой обрезки прекрасно восстанавливается.
Как и когда собирать семена вейгелы.
Созревают семена вейгелы в сентябре, а собирать их нужно в ноябре, когда коробочки начинают трескаться. To prevent the contents of the boxes from spilling into the soil, wrap several testes with gauze in September and secure it to a branch, and in November, cut the box with gauze, put it in a room, carefully remove the gauze, shake out the seeds on the newspaper, dry them, pour it into a paper bag, write on it the name of the plant, the variety, the date of the bookmark, and store it in a dry dark place until spring. Remember that weigel seeds lose their germination after a year or two, and plants grown from seeds rarely retain the varietal characteristics of their parents.
Weigela in winter.
When all the leaves fall off the weigel, and it will happen in late October or early November, powder the tree trunk with the earth, forming a hill 15-20 cm high. Weighel branches should be bent to the ground and pressed against it, as is done with hydrangea, but from above close roofing material or spunbond, fixing the coating so as not to be blown off by the wind. You can not bend the branches to the ground, but pull the branches tightly with a rope or twine, fence the bush with a frame of metal or plastic mesh, put inside this structure to heat dry leaves, and wrap this structure with a thick covering material on top.
Early weigela, or weigela pleasant (Weigela praecox),
in nature growing in the Far East. In the height of the bush weigela early reaches two meters, the leaves are pubescent, spherical crown. Bright pink flowers outside are collected in inflorescences of 2-3 pieces on the side shoots of the current year. Sometimes the pharynx of flowers is colored yellowish-white, in buds the flowers have a purple tint. This species blooms from the end of May for 10-30 days. Interest is caused by weigela variegate - a variegated variety of early weigela, the green leaves of which are covered with yellow spots, acquiring a cream shade in the summer.
Weigela blooming, or Weigela florida (Weigela florida)
- shrub up to three meters, on the shoots - two rows of hairs. The leaves are on short petioles, serrated, pubescent from above only along the central vein, from below - along all veins. Inflorescences of 3-4 hot pink flowers open at the end of May and bloom for up to three weeks. Most popular forms:
- – Weigela purple, or Weigela Red (Weigela Purpurea) - a bush with a thick crown, reaching a height of one and a half meters, the leaves are red-brown, the flowers are rich pink with a yellow throat, blooms in June and July. The Nana Purpurea variety is an almost exact but diminished copy of the Weigela purpurea,
- – Alba - a dwarf form with white flowers that are turning pink with wilt,
- – Variegata - elegant and the most frost-resistant form with small leaves, bright pink flowers, collected in a brush,
- – Weigela Pink (Weigela florida Bunge) - form with flowers of pink and carmine shade on the outside and pale pink, almost white inside,
- – Weigela Victoria (Weigela florida Victoria) - meter bush with red-brown foliage, flowers of crimson shade.
Weigela hybrid (Weigela hybrida)
has a spreading crown, blooms profusely. In height reaches one and a half meters. Fragrant tubular-funnel flowers, solitary or collected in loose inflorescences, bloom depending on the variety in white, pink, purple, lilac and red-purple. The most popular varieties are:
- – Weigela Bristol Ruby - variety bred in the USA in 1941. The height of the bush is from 2.5 to 3 m, the diameter of the crown is up to 3.5 m. The leaves are bright green. The flowers are pink with a red-ruby edge, sometimes with an orange middle. Weigela Bristol Ruby grows very fast, blooms in late June,
- – Weigela Red Prince - A compact bush is also an American selection with a height of one and a half meters, sprawling crown, drooping branches, flowers of rich red color contrast with bright green foliage.