In the garden beds today you can find such a variety of colors that the eyes just run up. Flower growers grow and traditional flowers, and various exotic, and plants with the usual forms, and representatives of the flora of different climatic zones. It has become customary in many gardens to see succulents, among which the most common stonecrop or common people - hare cabbage, a perennial plant of the clycine family.
Hare cabbage - description.
The stonecrop flower has the form of a small bush with thick, erect stems and fleshy green leaves. Inflorescences are a dense shield of small pink flowers. The bush grows to a height of 50-60 cm. For the winter, the aerial part of the plant dies off, and the remaining tuberous roots in the ground calmly tolerate even the most severe frosts (provided there is sufficient snow cover, of course).
Often in the garden hare cabbage does not occupy the best corners and is, so to speak, "in disgrace" at the florist. Perhaps this is due to the fact that the flower of the stonecrop is not conspicuous at the first glance at the flowerbed and does not attract the eye with its rapid and bright flowering. But he definitely has his positives, and he deserves more attention of flower lovers.
Planting hare cabbage.
Plant flower sedum can be both in autumn and spring. If you want to keep decorative beds with stonecrop ordinary and in the winter, it is better to seat curtain in early spring. In planting stonecrop nothing complicated. It is necessary to choose a place where he would feel well and at the same time would look great in combination with the rest of the inhabitants of the flowerbed.
Sedum, like all succulent plants, loves the sun and even withstands the sun perfectly. But you should not forget about watering, otherwise the plant uses all its internal moisture, its leaves will thin and it will lose all its decorative effect. In the shade, the bush of a hare cabbage will stretch, flower shields will fall apart into smaller panicles, or the plant will not bloom at all. Therefore, take a place for planting a stonecrop flower on the open non-enclosed area.
Hare cabbage grows on almost all soils. Therefore, as it is not particularly necessary to prepare the site for planting the stonecrop. Enough to put in the planting pit humus, mixed with the top layer of soil. Since the roots of the plant are located close to the surface of the earth, there is no need to dig too deep a hole. It is important that the curl of stonecrop was placed in it completely, plus another 10 centimeters would remain under the roots to accommodate the starting fertilizers. Having landed the plant, the landing area is well watered. After the top layer dries out, it is necessary to “scratch” it a little so that no cracks form on the surface.
Care for sedum ordinary.
Sedum can bloom in the first year after planting. It is not necessary to tear off the formed flower buds, hare cabbage perfectly tolerates the first flower load. The densely planted sedus bushes themselves cope with high weeds, you just have to chop off fine grass growth near the sedum flower. It is necessary to loosen carefully, because the roots, as already mentioned, are located at the surface of the earth.
Fertilizing cabbage hare can be throughout the summer. For dressings, ash and organic matter are usually used in liquid form. Watering the stonecrop is rarely watered, but it is impossible to leave it completely without watering.
With the arrival of winter, the stonecrop flower stalks can be cut off, but lovers of the winter garden decor can leave them until spring, and then the whole frosty period will be able to admire the dried flowers of the sedum, covered with snow caps.
Due to its structure, hare cabbage practically does not suffer from diseases and pests. Only occasionally at the base of the flower plates you can see aphids. It can be destroyed manually, or it can be sprayed with a solution of inta-vir, phytoderma, fufanon or aktellik.
Useful properties of hare cabbage.
Juice above-ground parts of the plant has very useful properties. It is effective in cuts and burns, for the healing of corns and ulcers. Infused water on the leaves becomes real “living” water and is used to treat many diseases. It was this water that helped the epic hero Ilya of Murom to get out of the stove after 33 years of lying down.
Bunny cabbage is a unique plant that can “revive” flower beds and create a decorative corner in the garden, and also save you from many health problems. Find a place and be sure to plant a stonecrop on your site, and he will not only thank you for his long flowering, but also take care of your health.
Description of the plant common blueberry (hare cabbage)
Oxygen The common, often called hare cabbage, is a perennial plant, characterized by the presence of a thin creeping rhizome, from which long-leaf leaves with three heart-shaped leaves later grow. This plant belongs to the genus Kislitsy from the family of sour.
Oxygen has a pleasant sour taste, and all thanks to the presence of organic acids in the leaves of the plant.
It must be said that ordinary oxygen is considered to be an excellent barometer that can predict the weather: so, before the rain, the plant turns white corollas and inclines flowers to the ground, but in cold and cloudy weather the flowers do not open at all, thereby protecting pollen. Closes the flowers and at night. Oxidus also hides from direct sunlight, thereby protecting itself from excessive loss of moisture.
Such transformations are associated with changes in the internal pressure (or turgor) in the cells of both the leaves and the petals.
Hare cabbage is used not only as a seasoning in cooking, but also as a well-proven remedy for traditional medicine.
What does the cabbage look like?
Common oxygen has trifoliate leaves and reddish flowers, which are located on relatively long petioles (the color of the plant is due to the pink veins present on the petals). In general, the height of the plant is about 5 to 12 cm. A close look at the base of the white corolla of the plant can reveal a yellow spot.
The peculiarity of acid is the “eruption” of fruits, which, when ripe, can “produce” small reddish seeds (this property is due to a change in humidity, which causes the shell of bolls to burst, drastically changing shape).
Where is growing?
Common red ox is found in Europe (in all parts of it) and North America, in the Caucasus, as well as in countries such as Turkey, China, Mongolia.
On the territory of Russia, hare cabbage grows in the European part of the country, in the Far East, as well as in Western and Eastern Siberia.
This plant prefers shady and wet forests, oak forests, alders, birch forests, not to mention the areas located near streams and ponds.
Sight of purple (stonecrops cleat, young)
Sometimes the name “hare cabbage” is used to designate such plants as a large stonecrop (or squeak) and purple stonecrop, but these are completely different plants in their appearance, and in their generic relationship, and in their healing properties.
Sedum belongs to perennial herbaceous plants of the Crassulaceae family. This plant, which is also known by the people as “young”, has fleshy roots and an erect stem, whose height reaches 70 cm. The branchless and succulent stem is crowned with a thick purple, lilac or pink inflorescence.
The plant blooms from July to September, while the fruits ripen from August. The fruit of the plant is a leaflet of red or pink color with a length of 6 mm. The food leaves of the plant can be used without treatment, because they have a sour taste, besides they crackle a little on the teeth, and therefore are called hare cabbage.
As a medical raw material, the entire above-ground part of the plant is used, which is collected during the flowering period, for which leafy shoots and purple stonecrop flowers are cut. It should be noted that the raw materials are dried in ventilated and necessarily warm rooms. Sedum retains moisture very well and, consequently, dries poorly. In order to speed up the process of drying the plant by depriving it of its water-holding capacity, it is recommended that raw materials be prewaxed with boiling water.
Properties of a stonecrop magenta:
- wound healing
- pain reliever
Infusions and decoctions of sedum are shown in the following pathologies:
- diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract,
- pain in the intestines and stomach,
- pulmonary tuberculosis,
- catarrh of the upper respiratory tract
- malignant tumors,
- sexual weakness
- female infertility
- heart disease,
- nervous disorders
- liver disease,
- children's eczema,
- general weakness
For cooking 1 tsp. The herbs of the plant are poured with a glass of boiling water, infused in a closed container for four hours, filtered and drunk half a glass three times a day after the consumption of food.
The ointment prepared from fresh grass of stonecrop and pork fat is used in the treatment of fractures of bones, herpes and difficult healing wounds.
If camphor is added to such an ointment, treatment of various tumors, epilepsy and intermittent fever can be accelerated.
From the freshly cut grass of the stonecrop it is possible to prepare a tincture, for which the raw materials are scalded with boiling water, passed through a juicer or a meat grinder, wrung out and carefully filtered. The resulting juice is diluted with alcohol or vodka in a 1: 1 ratio. The tincture is taken 30 drops three times a day, after the consumption of food.
In turn, the big stonecrop is used not only in folk but also in official Russian medicine as a biogenic stimulator. Thus, a drug called Biosed, firstly, stimulates metabolic processes, and secondly, promotes tissue regeneration. It is prescribed as an adjunct in the treatment of pneumonia, bronchitis, hepatitis and other diseases. In addition, the biosed accelerates the healing of wounds and trophic ulcers, and is also used in ophthalmology and otolaryngology.
Important! The plant is poisonous, for this reason it is necessary to consult a doctor before using it.
Composition and properties of the hare cabbage
Properties kislitsy ordinary due to the composition of the plant, the main elements of which are discussed in more detail below.
Organic acids (oxalic, malic, succinic)
- promotes an increase in gastric secretion, as well as pancreas,
- participates in the process of blood formation, supplying the body with such elements as iron, potassium and magnesium,
- improves the digestive tract by stimulating the flaccid intestine.
- eliminates constipation
- improves metabolism
- normalizes the digestive process
- strengthens blood vessels
- strengthens eyesight
- promotes the formation of red blood cells.
Properties of the hare cabbage
- wound healing
The benefits of hare cabbage
1. Improved metabolism.
2. Increased appetite.
3. Stopping bleeding.
4. Acceleration of wound healing.
5. Elimination of heartburn, nausea and vomiting.
6. Normalization of gastric acidity.
7. Lowering blood pressure.
8. Cleansing the skin from acne.
9. Improving the work of the heart.
10. Calming the nervous system.
Important! It is necessary to consume Kislitsy in moderate dosages, and you should exclude long-term use of drugs from this plant, because it contains a large amount of oxalic acid, salts of which can provoke irritation of the liver, kidneys and urinary tract.
What treats hare cabbage?
Fresh leaves of the plant, pre-ground with sugar, are used to prepare a refreshing and tonic drink, which also has a weak diuretic effect.
In addition, fresh chopped leaves of the hare cabbage are applied to difficult-healing purulent wounds, tumors, burns and ulcers.
Application of hare cabbage
This form of Kislitsy ordinary preparations has diuretic, antipyretic and hemostatic properties. In addition, the infusion inside is taken as a thirst quenching drink, which also helps to cure diseases of the stomach and intestines. In the form of lotions and compresses infusion of hare cabbage is used in the treatment of wounds and burns, and in the form of rinses - with sore throat and inflammation of the gums.
1 tsp 300 ml of boiling water is poured over the grass of Kislitsy ordinary, infused over two hours and filtered. The product is consumed in a tablespoon three to four times a day. If the infusion is used for rinsing, compresses or lotions, then a stronger infusion should be prepared.
Kislitsy tincture is used as an anti-inflammatory and antidiarrheal agent. In the form of gargles, the tincture is shown in case of ulcerative stomatitis, while warm compresses based on the tincture will help to heal boils, diathesis and paralysis.
To prepare the tincture, 10 g of raw materials are poured on 100 ml of 40% alcohol or vodka, after which the agent is infused for 10 days. Tincture is used mainly externally.
Tea from hare cabbage
Chaff cabbage tea has anti-scintizing, anti-inflammatory and anthelmintic effects, due to which it is used in the following pathologies:
- liver disease,
- helminthic invasions,
- stomach cancer.
Kislitsy tea tea regulates digestion, helps to cure skin diseases, and normalizes metabolism.
To make tea, freshly picked leaves of the Kislitsy are washed and put in an enameled bowl, into which a glass of water is poured, the temperature of which is 85 - 90 degrees. Then the drink is infused for 15 - 20 minutes, and is drunk like regular tea. Such tea can be consumed not only hot, but also cold (especially in summer).
Common juice juice
Special attention should be paid to the juice from common Kishlitsa, which is used as an internal remedy for stomach cancer and heavy metal poisoning. Topically, juice is indicated for scrofula and skin diseases.
Before preparing the juice, the grass of the plant is thoroughly washed, boiled over, and then passed through a meat grinder and wrung out. Obtained during this process, the juice is diluted with purified water in a ratio of 1: 1, and then boiled for three minutes. Juice is taken in 5 ml three times a day, during the meal.
In case of stomach cancer (especially at the initial stage of the disease), acidic juice is added to herbal tea: for example, 3-5 drops of juice are added to one glass of herbal tea.
Acid juice can be an addition to the main therapy in the treatment of liver diseases, jaundice, nephritis, heartburn, diathesis and atherosclerosis.
Also, sour juice is an excellent anthelmintic agent, especially if diluted with honey. Such a means is taken in a tablespoon three times a day, before meals.
The juice of the plant, diluted with milk in a 1: 3 ratio, is indicated for diarrhea as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic and antipyretic agent. Useful juice and enuresis (incontinence).
If the juice is used externally to treat arthritis, paralysis, boils, scrofula, you should moisten a napkin in it and apply it to the affected area of skin.
What does hare cabbage look like?
Bunny cabbagea - Sill is a perennial herb with knobbly roots. Stems erect, cylindrical.
Leaves of Hare cabbage are thick, juicy, oval, covered with a waxy bloom, sourish taste.
Flowers of Rabbit cabbage are small, white, with five petals, ten stamens and five pistils. The flowers are gathered on the top of the stem in a dense corymboid panicle. Height 20-40. cm.
Where grows Sifter - Hare cabbage
Sill large They are found in the European part of the USSR, in Western and Eastern Siberia and in the Far East.
Sedum large grows in shrubs, meadows, forest edges, among shrubs, in pine forests, on the slopes of ravines.
Application Sifter - Hare cabbage
Applied part. Grass (leaves, stems, flowers), leaves and roots.
Chemical composition. Not enough studied. It is known that plant leaves contain organic acids and a lot of vitamin C.
Food use. Rabbit cabbage is slightly sour and pleasant to taste, it can be used for cabbage, salads, vinaigrettes, drinks. Boiled root buds are crumbly, sweetish and powdery.
In folk medicine Infusion of leaves Squash used inside with rheumatism, jaundice, malaria, scurvy, eczema, dropsy, and nervous diseases. When impotence men drink infusion of roots. Herb in the form of fresh juice is used externally for the treatment of chronic wounds, warts, cancer and skin itch.
Aqueous extract, juice Hare cabbage possess biostimulating propertiesstrengthen processes exchange and regenerationhave a total tonic and anti-inflammatory effect. Applied for the treatment of opacities and injuries of the cornea, with periodontal disease, trophic ulcers, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, to accelerate the healing of bones in fractures.
Application. Rabbit cabbage has a tonic, tonic, good wound healing and anti-inflammatory action.
In Russian folk medicine, hare cabbage infusion is used as - a tonic, firming remedy for the general weakness of the body and especially as a good outdoor wound-healing remedy - (recall the fabulous "living water")
Grass and roots of Hare cabbage are used externally to heal wounds and burns. And How effective remedy for warts and corns. With prolonged application of the leaves of the hare cabbage - to calluses the latter turn white, lose sensitivity and fall away. A poultice of fresh and dry steamed leaves reduces joint pain in rheumatism and colds.
Mode of application.
1) 1 tablespoon of fresh leaves of the hare cabbage insist 4 hours in 1 cup boiling water, drain. Take 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day.
2) 4 tablespoons of leaves insist 4 hours in 3 cups and heel, strain. Use for washing purulent cuts and wounds.
3) 3 tablespoons of leaves scald with boiling water, wrap in cheesecloth. Pads used for anesthetic poultices.
Information taken from the book."Medicinal plants in traditional medicine"
This cultivated plant is so common that some of its species got their own names:
- Bunny cabbage - popular name sedum caustic. Even considering that it is poisonous, hare cabbage is used to treat a variety of diseases - malaria, epilepsy, hypertension, hepatitis, and more.
- Squeak - stonecrop purple or ordinary. Drugs made from it, by their power of action are superior to drugs from aloe.
Types of stonecrop include more than 500 plants that grow in almost the entire northern hemisphere of the planet - Europe, North America, Mexico, Asia. All of them, in turn, can be divided into annual and perennial, frost-resistant and thermophilic, evergreen and deciduous.
Evergreen perennials with tall, straight stems are commonly chosen for growing in gardens. And for rooms, small tropical species are best suited.
Characteristic, description of the flower
Sedum refers to Crackling, it is popular due to its unpretentious habitat conditions and the ability to grow in even the driest places.
Garden stonecrop varieties grow up to a height of 80 centimeters, their stems are covered with thick leaves. Their color may be different and depends on the particular plant - green, grayish, reddish, burgundy. Leaves can be connected to rounded or flat rosettes, with notched edges.
In the middle of summer the plant starts blossom, and it appears a lot of green flowers that are collected in inflorescences horizontal shape or in the form of an umbrella, the size up to 30 centimeters. By the end of summer, flowers from green become bright — white, pink, burgundy, brown, etc. Blossoms last until autumn, when the inflorescences gradually darken and lose their attractiveness.
The roots of the plant are thin, branched. Some species can produce aerial roots.
Sedums are excellent honey plants, and therefore they actively attract large numbers of bees and butterflies to their growing areas.
In folk medicine, there are many recipes by which treatment (beneficial properties of the stonecrop flower). It is collected in the same way as medicinal herbs, however, it is very important not to confuse the species, since plants of each variety are used to treat certain diseases.
The main application of Sedum is the creation of tinctures, ointments or poultices.
Squiggles are divided into many species. They are:
- Ground cover low - those that grow over the surface of the soil, creating a bright "carpet". These include stonecrop, acrid, white, and others.
- High - with a straight high trunk. These include stonecrop prominent, telefiume, poplistny, tenacious, etc.
- Perennial - plants that can grow in the garden from year to year without transplanting and replacing. These include stonecrop prominent (including its hybrid varieties), leafy, acrid, Siebold and others.
Where to plant stonecrop?
Sedum can be grown both in the open air on the garden plot, and in a pot on the window sill of the apartment. Only for each of these purposes different types of sedum are used, respectively care behind them differs.
In the open ground
For growing on the site are used as erectas ground cover species. They can be used to design borders, rock gardens or just flower beds.
Tall plants are successfully used as borders, which can divide the area into functional zones. At the same time allowed the simultaneous landing of a number of stonecrop with flowers of different shades. Distance between individual bushes aged in the area 20-30 centimeters.
Sedums of both species are planted in flowerbeds. Gardeners are especially appreciated for their neutral attitude to the pollution of the atmosphere.
Sedum is accustomed to dry and stony places, and therefore it can be used with great success in rock gardens. It can successfully fit into an alpine hill, a slope, or just a flat rocky area.
Crop cleaninggrowing in a garden is not a big deal. Varieties pressed to the ground can be planted on the ground, poor in minerals. High flowering plants feel better in the nutrient mixture. A place you need to choose such that it is well lit, and in the fall the plant did not cover the leaves from the tree, since in spring the Sedum would not be able to germinate through their layer.
Sedum perfectly tolerates the winter of the middle part of Russia, in more severe areas it should be covered. In the spring, the plant is necessarily a little rejuvenated, old and dried shoots are cut, fertilizer is applied. The closest attention should be paid to emergence near weeds - it competes badly for space and nutrients with them. Therefore, it is regularly worth doing weeding around it. Watering is carried out moderately, water consumption increases only in hot weather or after transplantation.
For cultivation in the room used tropical varieties growing to a small size - stonecrop Morgana, plate, red. Placement of a pot on a high support or in a suspension will look great, so that the stems can easily hang down.
Like garden species, indoor sedums are unpretentious plants that do not need special care. So, the lighting should be bright and saturated - It is best to choose a place for him on the south windows. Feel great in the fresh air. In winter, you need to put it in a place with a temperature of + 12-15 degrees, avoid drafts and freezing of the roots.
The moisture of the plant accumulates in its large, fleshy leaves, which means it will not be a big problem if it is forgotten to be watered several times in a row. However, with its expenditure, the leaves shrivel and fall off.
Therefore, watering is best carried out after drying of the upper layer, in the summer - regularly, and in the winter moderately. No spraying required - The leaves of the flower are covered with a special coating, which protects against moisture evaporation.
Top dressing is made regularly, from spring to summer, in the form of a special fertilizer for succulents and cacti.
Transplant Bunny grass only when absolutely necessary, when the pot becomes catastrophically small - these flowers do not like to be disturbed. The soil for planting should be loose, the bottom layer is made of expanded clay or brick chips.
The plant Sifum (Sedum, hare cabbage) - flowering, which often serves to decorate personal plots. There are more than 500 varieties in the world, among which there are high and creeping, cold-resistant and heat-loving.
Sedum is very valued in traditional medicinewhere it is used for the prevention and treatment of many diseases.
Sedum is grown both on the ground in the garden and in the pot at home. In the latter case, small tropical varieties are selected. Care in both plantings is not difficult - the main thing is to provide a place with bright sunlight and water periodically.
More photos of flowers. Look further:
Sedum (stonecrop) white
A perennial evergreen plant 5-7 cm in height. It can be seen in Asia Minor and North Africa, in the Caucasus, in Western Europe.
Shoots of this species spread along the ground, rapidly growing in open areas. The stem is fragile, elongated, completely covered with green rounded leaves. The plant aggressively grows due to the adventitious root, forming as a result of thick white carpets.
Sedum blooms with small, white or pale pink fragrant flowers in the shape of stars. Tasty smell attracts bees. Its bloom occurs in late June - early July. The people Sedum white is known as Living grass, Soap, Bee.
White Paper — unpretentious plant. Even cracks in stones give him a reason for living. They are frost-resistant, easily tolerate direct sunlight, multiply rapidly even in the absence of moisture. As a result, it begins to grow even in outlandish places - in areas with gravel and rubble, on roofs and walls.
Sedum white — quite changeable look. He has long been known in floriculture and has a number of garden forms and varieties. The most popular varieties are: Coral Carpet, Atoum, Laconicum, Rubrifolium, Faro Form, France, Hillebrandtii.
Not so often Sedum blooms in residential conditions. It lacks sunlight and low temperature in winter. In such conditions, stonecrop has a pale stem and leaves, almost does not bloom. Recommended for growing in the garden, in the open field.
Sedum (stonecrop) acrid
Its flowering forms a carpet up to 3 m. In the sedum small leaflets covering the entire stalk. Shortly before flowering, the leaves become larger, and the stem is longer. Blooms Sedum caustic bright yellow color and completely covers the plant. Like other species, it needs moderately dry soil and sunlight.
The habitat of growth is the European part of Russia, the Caucasus, North America, Asia Minor. Highly concentrated caustic sedum juice contributes to the formation of wounds on the skin, for which he received the name "caustic" or "spicy".
When used properly, it will help with many skin diseases. In the people his name is Wild Pepper, Young, Feverish Grass. In growth unpretentious, easily tolerates drought and frost. Loves the sun's rays, promoting active growth.
Well propagated by self-seeding. The most common types are: Aureum (Aureum), Minus (Minus), Elegans (Elegans).In ancient times, the Romans used Sedum caustic as a laxative, emetic and anthelmintic. To date, it has found application in traditional medicine.
Important!This type of stonecrop should be taken with great care! The slightest overdose when using the infusion can lead to vomiting, difficulty breathing and even coma. Not recommended for children and pregnant women.
Sedum (stonecrop) false
Growing areas: Caucasus, Iran, Turkey. Unpretentious in growing, but he feels better in the sun. In the shade the bush blooms poorly and has an untidy appearance. Occurs on rocky slopes and on the tops of mountain forests. Perennial flower with elongated rhizomes. Flowering stems higher than barren. The leaves are puffy, marsh-colored, wedge-shaped, sometimes dull and jagged at the edges.
Inflorescence on low stems 1-1.5 cm. Sepals are straight, red or greenish and are inside the fruit. Petals cherry or pinkish, slightly sharp to the edge. The stamens are smaller than petals and are orange or red. It blooms in the last months of summer.
Known in botany since 1816 Winters without problems, grows rapidly over a large area and prevails over weak species. Not suitable for pots, as it requires a lot of space and sun. Great for planting on a flower bed.
Sedum (stonecrop) hybrid
In nature, it is found in steppes, rocks and forests with little vegetation. It grows in the open spaces of Russia, most often in Siberia and the Urals, Central Asia and Mongolia. Forms a dense carpet up to 15 cm high. Rhizomes are located close to the surface, cord-shaped. Stems slender, green, up to 30 cm in height. It does not bloom very much.
Leaves up to 3 cm long, tapered, coarsely toothed along the edges. The hybrid stonecrop flower consists of yellowish petals with a diameter of up to 1 cm, the stamens also have yellow, with orange anthers. Excellent winters and tolerates drought, but slow in development. The most famous variety is Immergrunchen (Immergrunchen).
Sedum (stonecrop) GrisebachCan be found on the tops of the mountains of Greece and Bulgaria. A small plant, growing, forms low, soft carpets with densely growing shoots. Small leaves, narrow, grow thick cover. By the beginning of spring, the flowers turn green, but become red under the rays of the sun.
It has a need for loosened soil, does not very confidently tolerate winters with high humidity. The plant is not different longevity, but perfectly restored by self-sowing. Perfect for home content.
Sedum (stonecrop) prominent
Sedum is a shrub up to 60 cm. It is found in northeastern China and the Caucasus. Tuberiform root, thickened towards the end. The stem is erect, the leaves on it are oval, large, in color from green to gray shades. The flowers are small, going to inflorescence in size up to 23 cm.
The most common shade of the flower is pinkish, slightly lilac. Sedum prominent (sometimes called Elegant, Noble) Feels good in the winter. He loves wet soil and does not fear shade, although he feels better in direct sunlight. Usually stonecrop blooms up to 40 days.
Often blooms until late autumn, even under the snow. In Sediment Eminent, depending on the shade of colors, emit varieties:
- White - Iceberg, Frosty Morne,
- Cream - Star Dast,
- Pink - Brilliant, Carmen, Matron, Carl.
Did you know?Of all the subspecies, Sedum, prominent in its colors, contains the most useful substances. Among them are tannins, alkaloids, glycosides and a mass of organic acids and sugars.
Sedum (stonecrop) Albert
Found in China, Central Asia and Altai. The root system is branched, multiple branches are crowded. Stems short, up to 5 cm, with slightly twisted leaves on tops. Flowering stems are located at the base, small in number, from 10 to 15 cm in height. Sepals up to 6 pieces, oval in shape, slightly sharp from above.
In the sunlight, the leaves take on an orange-red color, the flowers are white with purple stamens. It winters well, but is afraid of abundant water during snow melting. It feels great in loose soil with good drainage.
He loves the sunlight, badly enduring the shadow. It blooms in May, but in the fall you need to cut the bush to the ground. Not suitable for growing at home and in gardens.
Important!Protect hands with gloves while collecting stonecrop. Before drying, the leaves should be placed in boiling water for 2-3 minutes, after drying at a temperature not higher than 40 °.
Sedum (stonecrop) Lydian
The home of stonecrops - Asia Minor. Green all year round, perennial plant, forms with the growth of dense shrubs. Stems numerous, abundant, rooting downwards. Flowers up to 0.6 cm. On short legs, elongated, green shade.
The stamens are the same size as the petals, cherry white. Carpels are straight, slightly smaller than petals. When ripe, turn red. Blooms in July.
During growth forms a dense carpet. Feels best in moderate shade, with moderate humidity. The flower does not tolerate drought and often blooms such a stonecrop in the garden on carpet beds. Some subspecies reach a height of more than 30 cm and bloom from mid-June to 40 days.
Did you know?Flower “hare cabbage” in Russia is also called squeak. If you rub the leaves together, you can hear the characteristic creaking.
Sedum (stonecrop) lozovidny
The first references to the stonecrop of lozovidnogo came from China and Japan. In countries with a mild climate is considered a weed. A perennial plant with a height of up to 25 cm and thin nodal inflorescences.
The leaves are tapered, pointed, up to 1.5 cm in length. The flowers are unevenly arranged, five-leaved. Petals with a diameter of 1 cm, yellow, with a sharp end.
There are 10 stamens, which are shorter than petals, heap carpels, up to 0.6 cm. Flowering period from May to June. Prefers fertile soil with moderate humidity. Poorly tolerates the winter of central Russia, but in the spring it grows quite quickly. Prefers full shade or half-shade, badly enduring drought. Good for home pots.
Sight look includes a large number of varieties. Therefore, an interested florist easily chooses a plant to his liking.
How it is called and what is different from the sweep?
The flower has many different names.
In science, called sedum "Sedum"with stress on the first syllable of the word. Among flower growers, the plant is known as "stonecrop."
Ochitnik same, referred to as - "Hylotelephium".
There are two versions of the origin of the name "Sedum". According to one of them - the flower took its name from the Latin word "sedo", which means "subside". Из второй версии следует, что седум назван так по аналогии со словом «sedeo», которое переводится как «сидеть».This name suits stonecrop, as the plant is short and tightly pressed to the soil surface, it seems that it sits on the ground.
Many species of stonecrop are now called not as they used to be, since some of them attributed to the subarrow "blackheads". Differences between the stonecrop and the blackberry only in flowers. In stonecrops, during flowering, they are always wide open and have a stellate shape, and in eyebrows, bell-shaped flowers.
Which group can be attributed hare cabbage and where it grows?
Sedum refers to the numerous genus of Crassulaceae. Succulents are not at all whimsical and can survive even in mountainous and arid areas. This is a perennial plant, whose roots are in the form of tubers.
The flowering of this species is long and abundant. With the onset of frost, the terrestrial portion of the sedum is dying off. Stonecrop is widespread in northeastern China, temperate zones of Europe, and also occurs in Japan and Korea. In the southern hemisphere grows a small number of species.
Sedum is a small bush with many small flowers that thickly dot the top. The plant is a bush form and creeping on the ground. The flowers are different in color and shape, but in all species they are collected in groups that resemble umbrellas.
A distinctive feature of stonecrop - fleshy dense leaves with a gray bloom. They are rounded in shape. Most of the varieties of leaf color are greenish-gray, but there are also dark maroon with light spots.
We offer to watch a video about the plant
In the spring, in the period of budding, stonecrops feed up. Fertilizers are applied at the end of flowering; in the fall, fertilizing is not introduced, since this reduces the resistance of plants to cold weather.
In the snowy regions, stonecrop does not cover. To prevent freezing in snowless winters, planting of stonecrop is harboring.