General information

Questions about hydroponics

Hydroponic technologies are destined to be part of our future. I have no doubt about that. It is inappropriate to hold a debate on this topic, but to feed the hundreds of starving people all over the world will require more than just arable land and good will. Let's hope for a breakthrough in the hydroponic industry towards more benign environmental technologies for growing vegetables, as well as a shift towards quality, not productivity.

What is the future of this technology - hydroponics of tomorrow? In the foreseeable future, I think, there will be no significant departure from the methods described above. I believe that the decisive changes will come not in the field of hardware, but, so to speak, in the field of "software"

- of what we fill our nutrient solutions. There are many interesting studies in this area, and some answers are already looming on the horizon. I will outline some of the possible paths of development in the chapter on nutrient solutions.

However, research is underway to improve or modify existing greenhouse systems. For example, what if you cut the root felt of a plant in half and grow each half in different grooves? © Then you can feed the nutrient solution on one side and water on the other. Or give different diets on each side, provoke water stress, on the one hand, and see if the plant produces active principles? Which of these will work? Will the plant grow healthier and the yield increase? In this direction, research is underway.

You can also imagine hybrid technology. For example, the bottom of a tray or chute can be filled with oxygenated water, and the top part filled with mist: this will be a combination of aero-hydroponics and aeroponics. Surely this will make an excellent laboratory system, but on a large scale it will not be justified economically.

Despite the fact that modern hydroponics will soon knock 100 years, there are still many opportunities for improvements. The emergence of a large community of people growing plants in hydroponic room cabinets has greatly increased the number of people using hydroponics. Similarly, the number of bright minds that can think about improving what they are doing has increased. If you surf the Internet, you can see that the community of plant growers is very inventive. I hope one of you, in search of the perfect greenhouse, will find this very system of the future for all of us!

What is the choice to choose?

Of course, there is no definite answer to this question. It all depends on the size of the room you want to equip, and what you are going to do with your system. Take care of a single uterine plant or multiple uterine plants? About different types or one single? What will it be - a garden for food, for beauty or both? Are you going to distribute cuttings or grow plants to ripen? As a rule, the better the system, the faster the growth and the more vigilant it is to be. Some hydroponic systems are not cheap. They are produced by medium-sized firms that do not have the means of production of large companies. This relatively high cost should not discourage you. The money invested will quickly pay off the crop. And since most of the costs are labor, any intelligent master is able to quickly construct for himself such a system from several pipe connections purchased from manufacturers or in hardware stores. So the first factor of choice is the budget. If you don’t have the money, build it yourself from cheap components purchased from household and irrigation stores or from hydroponic companies. Most manufacturers sell certain parts that are not available anywhere else.

When choosing your system, one of the decisive factors is the root space - the volume of the container in which the roots are to grow. The most striking difference between a plant grown in the ground and a plant grown in a container is the size of the root felt. For some plants with a large root system, for example, tomatoes, the space reserved for root felt in groundless systems is almost 10 times less than in the soil (cf. 200 liters and +/- 20 liters). This has major implications for the processing, replenishment and irrigation of this root felt. Moreover, when the plant is established, and the root felt has fully developed, the roots do not stop growing throughout the life of the plant, replacing damaged or dead roots in search of new sources of water and nutrients. There is no growth of healthy plants without reproduction and elongation of the roots. So, over time, the root felt becomes denser, especially in a closed container. In such a situation, oxygenation of the root zone becomes the most important factor. Changes also occur in the balance of absorption of mineral substances. If it is good to take care of the root felt, then this shortened root felt will increase its efficiency in comparison with the large root felt. Make sure that the volume of your pots and gutters provides enough space for root growth. Various studies have shown that the depth of the container is more important than its width: give the root felt as much vertical space as possible.

Read more about what system and for what purposes to use, described in Books "Hydroponics for All" by William Texier.

Myth 1: Hydroponics is a new technology.

Even in ancient Egypt, the pharaohs enjoyed the taste of fruits and vegetables grown with hydroponics. One of the seven wonders of the world, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon in Babylon, in fact, was just a hydroponic garden. In India, plants are grown directly in coconut fiber, the roots of plants are immersed in water. If hydroponics is a new technology, then it is new for thousands of years. Hydroponics is not new - it just differs from other growing methods.

Myth 2: Hydroponics is something artificial and unnatural.

Plant growth is real and natural. Plants require simple, natural things for normal growth. Hydroponics provides all the needs of the plant in the right quantity and at the right time. There are no genetic mutations in hydroponic installations, there is nothing unusual in the chemical compositions of nutrient solutions that are fed to the roots of plants, there are no mythical "steroids" when using hydroponics. In the production of pure nutrient solutions, it has now become possible to grow completely organic products using hydroponics. You will not find anything more natural around the world.

Myth 3: Hydroponics harms the environment.

This is absolutely wrong. Cultivation of plants by hydroponic methods is much more economical to land and water bodies than traditional methods of gardening and horticulture. We consider water to be one of our most precious resources, and using hydroponics we save from 70 to 90 percent of water than with ordinary gardening. Another benefit is that no fertilizer enters the natural reservoirs, as it does during traditional cultivation.

Myth 4: Hydroponics is something from the field of space technology, is too complex and high-tech for an ordinary person to understand and it is difficult to learn.

As already mentioned, hydroponics is cultivation without soil and it does not require any special devices or frills. An inexpensive bucket or flower pot, filled with substrate and irrigation with hydroponic solution - that's all hydroponics. A foam sheet with holes in which pots are inserted floats on the surface of the water in the bath with an aerated solution — also hydroponics, and this system is very popular for simple educational school projects. The technological potential of automation and full control of the plant’s habitat provides unlimited space for fantasy, but, in fact, is not required to create a beautiful and unique hydroponic garden. There is no age limit for anyone wanting to learn the basics and wisdom of hydroponics.

Myth 5: Hydroponics is too expensive.

This is not entirely true. As with any hobby, you will want new "toys" or you will want to improve and expand your knowledge. And gardeners always spend money on their pets, be it bonsai, orchids, gardening, etc. However, it is not always easy to achieve the desired result and meet the size of the planned budget. So with hydroponics.

Myth 6: The use of hydroponics is not common.

Wrong again. Hydroponics is widely used throughout the world. It is used in countries where the climate does not allow or limit cultivation and where the soil is too poor to produce high yields. It is also used in countries, including the USA, where soils have been so poisoned by fertilizers and have become toxic that they can no longer be grown. In British Columbia, 90% of the greenhouse industry is now hydroponic.

Myth 7: Hydroponics can only be used indoors.

Hydroponics is easy to use both outdoors under the sun and indoors. One advantage to growing indoors is that you, not mother nature, control and control the seasons, and for you the growing season lasts 12 months a year. However, this is true for any method of cultivation. Soil cultivation can be done indoors, as well as hydroponics can be used outdoors.

Myth 8: Hydroponics does not require any pesticides.

This is the only myth that I would like to believe. Of course, the need for pesticides is greatly reduced, because strong healthy plants are less vulnerable to attacks and diseases than weak ones. In addition, the main breeding ground of infection is being eliminated - the soil. But even in enclosed areas there is a danger of pests. Supervision and control are required of any garden to prevent pest problems. The good news is that the use of toxic drugs in this case is minimal.

Myth 9: Huge super-plants grow in hydroponics.

This myth has some basis, but there are several aspects. Each seed, like all living things, has a genetic code laid down that determines the size of the plant, potential yield and taste. Hydroponics cannot turn cherry tomatoes into sauce tomatoes, but it can give the best cherry tomatoes that are possible. If this is of course the genes of the plant.

Implementing the maximum potential of plants when grown in soil is very difficult, because it is influenced by hundreds of parameters that determine plant growth in the soil. The ability to control these parameters is what makes hydroponics unrivaled in gardening. Also a factor affecting the plant - when grown in soil, the plant needs to spend enormous resources and energy to search for food, and when using hydroponics, everything in the plant is near and in an easily accessible form. This gives the plant the opportunity to spend power only on rapid growth, flowering and obtaining maximum yield and better taste.

Dr. Howard Rash, in his book “Hydroponic Growing”, notes the growth of the necessary land resources for cultivation, which is alarming, the same area produces 7,000 pounds per acre of cucumbers when grown in soil and 28,000 pounds per acre when grown hydroponically, and tomatoes from 5 up to 10 tons per acre for soil cultivation and 60 to 300 tons for hydroponic method. The results are valid for almost any plant. In other words, it takes 25,000 acres to produce the right amount of tomatoes for Canada (400 million pounds). With hydroponic cultivation - only 1300 acres.

Myth 10: Hydroponics is mainly used for criminal purposes.

One day, Henry Ford received a letter of thanks from a bank robber during an era of depression. This man killed several officers while trying to stop him while he was hiding from the crime scene. In this letter, he thanked Mr. Ford for creating such a good, fast car.

The use of hydroponics for criminal purposes is due to the fact that it is a very effective and successful method of hidden growth. This casts a shadow on the industry and the methods that can solve the problem of hunger and nutritional deficiencies. The percentage of use of hydroponic systems for illegal purposes is parallel to the percentage of use of Ford machines during bank robberies. It is strange why many hydroponic systems used for ordinary purposes do not become the highlight of the evening news.

Yes, hydroponics is very popular among growers of green crops. This popularity is based on the same principles as conventional vegetable producers - the best, large and high-quality harvests.

The essence of the method

The method is based on studying the plant's need for certain components and how the root system consumes them. More than a dozen years have gone on to gain knowledge of how, what and in what quantity the root extracts from the soil. Experiments were made based on growing the plant in distilled water, to which certain nutrients were added - mineral salts.

Experimentally, it was found that the plant for full development feels the need to:

  • potassium for full growth,
  • sulfur and phosphorus for protein synthesis,
  • iron and magnesium so that chlorophyll can form,
  • calcium for root development,
  • nitrogen.
Later, using the same experiments, it was concluded that not only minerals are necessary, but also trace elements - elements that require a microscopic amount.

Initially, the technique involved the cultivation of plants in water, but immersion into it affected the fact that the oxygen to the roots was too low, and this led to their death, and therefore the death of the plant. This led scientific minds to develop other, alternative methods. The substrate comes into play - a substance inert in terms of nutritional value, immersed in a solution prepared in accordance with the needs of the plant.

  • aggregatoponica - the use of a substrate of inorganic origin: expanded clay, gravel, gravel, sand, etc.,
  • hemoponica - use as a substrate of moss, sawdust, peat and other organic substances, which, however, do not represent the nutritional value for the plant by themselves,
  • Ionitoponics - the use of ion exchange resins - insoluble granular substances that provide ion exchange activity,
  • aeroponics - the absence of a substrate as such, while the roots exist in limbo in a chamber protected from light.

The plant, which nature assigned to work tirelessly, extracting food from the soil for itself and maintaining competition with its neighbors, is completely devoid of such necessity if it is grown by the method of hydroponics. It has no shortage of nutrients, and they get to the roots in an easily accessible form, as if a person had crushed food and deprived of the need to chew.

The plant is still not human, and not accustomed to languishing in laziness. The released energy it uses very rationally: it grows and develops at an accelerated pace.

Water used in hydroponic cultivation is much less used than in traditional cultivation; this is especially important when the scale of production is industrial.

Thus, the hydroponic method makes it possible to control the conditions for plants - control over the dietary regime that ensures their need for minerals and trace elements.

A bit of history

The scientific approach to the description of the principle of plant nutrient intake was first used by Aristotle, it was he who concluded that the final product that comes to the roots as a food has an organic form.

After the works of Aristotle, this issue was returned only in the 17th century, when Dutch scientists Johann Van Helmont began to conduct experiments, the purpose of which was to find out how the plants and the very essence of this food were getting food.

Over the next two centuries, scientists have established that plant cells are built from chemically modified substances, and this process is impossible without oxygen.

These findings became available thanks to Edma Mariotte, Marcello Malpighi, Stefan Heles, John Woodward, who was closest in his descriptions of growing plants closer to hydroponics, which it is now. Thanks to the German agrochemist Justus von Liebig, who in the 19th century studied the principles of nutrition of plant organisms, it became known that they feed on substances of a nonorganic nature.

His works have become a tangible help for the next generation of scientists.

The German professors of botany Julius Zachs (Bonn University) and Wilhelm Knop (Leipzig-Mekkern Experimental Station) managed in 1856 to grow plants from seeds only on a nutrient solution.

Благодаря этому стало известно, какие именно элементы необходимы им для полноценного «рациона» растений.

К 1860 году состав раствора был доведен до совершенства. Принято считать, что именно в этом году положено начало современному растениеводству без использования почвы. At about the same time, in parallel with Knop and Zaks, domestic bright minds such as Kliment Arkadyevich Timiryazev and Dmitry Nikolaevich Pryanishnikov, who led the Fertilizer Research Institute after his death, worked on the issue.

It was at this institute that there was a large installation — equipment for hydroponic cultivation.

The method of selection as a result of persistent efforts of several generations of scientists has become known substances that need to be present in the solution in order for plants to fully grow and develop, as well as their ratio. The method got its name "hydroponics" from the light hand of the American phytophysiologist, professor at the University of California, William Gerickke.

He published the results of his research in 1929, and they were so successful that they found their practical application during the Second World War. American soldiers were fed vegetables grown in hydroponic pools created by explosions in rocky rock.

The 1930s were marked by the flourishing of science, including biological.

Thus, Polish (under the direction of Professor V.Piotrovsky) and Hungarian (under the direction of Professor P. Rechler) at that time, hydroponic systems were installed in the Carpathian Mountains, with which early vegetable crops and ornamental plants were successfully grown. The hydroponic system established by the German professor Hering, established in 1938 in Westphalia, the place Steinheim, is successfully operating now.

At present, hydroponic methods are used on all continents for growing vegetables, herbs, ornamental plants.

Basic hydroponic systems

With natural cultivation, nutrition to the roots is delivered from the soil, unlike the hydroponic method, when nutrients are delivered to the root system by means of a solution in which they are dissolved.

Some hydroponic systems provide as a substrate the presence of a neutral filler, which serves as a support for the root system, others neglect the intermediate layers, suspending the roots in the air inside a special installation.

According to the method of irrigation, hydroponic systems are divided into:

  • passive, in which the solution is supplied using capillary forces,
  • active, where pumps are used to discharge the working solution,
  • combined, in which both principles are combined, and which are considered optimal for hydroponic crop production.

The wick system is the most primitive type of hydroponics. It is passive and does not contain moving parts. The working solution of the plant is obtained using capillary forces by means of wicks. It is absorbed gradually into the substrate.

A wide range of fillers is available here, the most popular of which are:

  • perlite,
  • vermiculite,
  • coconut fiber and other.
Its disadvantage is that the wick system cannot be applied to large moisture-loving plants that feel the need for large volumes of solution. The wick's bandwidth is very limited, and it is able to provide a sufficient amount of solution to slow-growing plants that do not need large quantities of moisture and nutrition, such as home decorative flowers.

Floating platform

Very simple hydroponic system - floating platform. It is a foam base with holes in which the plants are fixed. This foam raft floats in the nutrient solution pool, while the air pump saturates it with the oxygen needed for the roots.

The system is well suited for growing crops that grow quickly and like a lot of moisture. It is recommended for beginners who only need to acquire certain skills in baseless plant production.

Periodic flooding

Another name for the periodic flooding system is the inflow and outflow method. The system is based on a periodic inflow of nutrient solution into the tank, where plants are located and the outflow to the tank, where it is stored. This principle underlies a multitude of commercially available hydroponic systems.

The injection of the solution is provided by a pump immersed in it, which is controlled by a time sensor. Powered by a timer, the pump pushes the solution into the vessel where the plants live.

The timer settings are set according to what kind of plant, what temperature and air humidity, what substrate is used.

Nutrient layer

Technique of the nutrient layer - the most common among hydroponic systems. It lies in the fact that the solution moves at the bottom of the tank, settling there in a shallow layer. It constantly circulates in a closed system, so there is no need to supply the pump with a timer.

Not all root system is placed in the solution, but only its tips, and the plant is fixed in a pot with slots for free exit of the roots. This method does not need substrates. Above the surface of the solution, the air is humid, and it delivers enough oxygen to the roots.

Aeroponica

The most modern and technologically advanced method is aeroponics. It involves abundant permanent irrigation of the root system, while the entire space is occupied by air saturated with water vapor, feeding the plant with minerals and oxygen.

Airborne roots should not dry out.

The process is controlled by a timer set to two minutes. The method is effective even at high temperature of the solution, which makes it acceptable even in those places where the climate is hot.

Main advantages and disadvantages

Any technology has undoubted advantages, which confirms its widespread use, and some drawbacks, and this state of affairs is fully applicable to hydroponics.

Hydroponics reduces the complexity of the growing process, and this is due to a number of factors that make it possible to make wide use of the technology and actively introduce it into life.

  • Yields and growth rates are significantly increased due to the energy savings of the plant in extracting nutrients from the soil. It develops stably and evenly, demonstrating continuous positive dynamics due to constant stable conditions.
  • In plants there are no harmful elements that could get from the soil in the case of traditional farming. It contains only those substances that were offered to him in the composition of the nutrient solution - no more, no less.
  • Daily watering of the soil is not required, moreover, control over the amount of fluid is made easier: each plant receives it as much as it needs.
  • Drying and waterlogging are excluded, which is impossible to provide in traditional agriculture.
  • Perennials are much easier to replant: it is easier to avoid injuries to the root system, which is inevitable when transplanted into the soil.
  • Pesticides are not used in hydroponics, since there are no pests, fungi and diseases that live in the soil and are attracted to the neighboring plants. Weed seeds, which by their rapid growth can drown out a cultivated plant, are also absent in the solution, unlike the soil.
  • The issue of replacing the soil disappears, and it reduces the cost of such an activity as indoor ornamental plant growing.
  • Easier care of plants in comparison with those that grow in the ground: there are no extraneous smells, dirt, pests and so on.
  • Traditional processing methods such as loosening and weeding are not required; instead, you can fully automate the process of growing and take almost no part in it.

There are some drawbacks that cannot be called such. Rather, these are features of the method that are not suitable for everyone.

  • The relative high cost of the method. It is required to immediately invest in the equipment a certain amount in order to adjust the process. This amount is significantly higher than the one-time costs that are needed for the purchase of soil.
  • The independent collection of the system in addition to financial investments also requires investment of labor and time at the initial stage, which, however, can quickly pay off with a properly adjusted process, because the quick growth of plants and ease of caring for them quickly compensate them.
  • The ignorant approach turns away from the method of people in whom hydroponics is associated with something artificial, unreal, and therefore unhealthy, almost poisonous.
  • Hydroponics has not learned to grow roots. Tubers, which are at the same time plant roots, do not tolerate excessive moisture and “repay” rot.

Basic rules for growing plants by

The shape of the roots depends largely on the environment in which they reside. If they are grown in water using the method of hydroponics, they will be light, juicy, supplied with many villi.

When transplanting a plant that has still grown in the ground, into a hydro-culture, it is necessary to observe certain conditions that will ensure the successful growth and development of the plant.

How to plant

  • The plant is removed from the tank, where it grew, and placed in a bucket of water. It should be at room temperature.
  • Watering the roots with water from a mug or a watering can (the stream should be light, not under pressure), gently wash them.
  • After they are cleaned, the roots straighten and fall asleep substrate. The plant does not have to touch the roots of the water layer, the solution will get to them, moving along the capillaries of the substrate. And after some time they will grow as much as necessary.
  • Substrate is poured on top of the water, poured into a container with the substrate at the desired level and give him about a week to adapt.

How to care

The needs of plants are the same, under what conditions they would not be grown, but the peculiarities of care are still different.

  • In order to avoid an overabundance of minerals in plants, the solution is recommended to be changed every two to three years, washing with clean water all the items that came in contact with it.

  • It is necessary to follow the hygienic rules: to rid the plant of dead parts and prevent them from entering the solution.
  • The temperature of the working solution should not be too low or high, it is optimal if it keeps the value of +20 ° C. This should be monitored carefully, especially in winter, when a potted plant can overcool on a window sill that is too cold. For such cases, you should use thermal insulation material, such as wood or foam, placing it under the pot.
  • Of the pests can start a spider mite or thrips. The possibility of flowering of the solution is also not excluded if the external vessel is made of a transparent material.

Condition today

Modern systems are manufactured using only plastics, including pumps that are coated with epoxy. These materials are harmless and durable, and in combination with neutral layers of substrates serve faithfully for a long time.

Thanks to plastic parts, it became possible to send to deserved peace metal structures that are bulky, inconvenient and expensive.

Modern developments, which have found application in hydroponics, promote it to complete and total automation and, as a result, to reduce costs. Separately, it is necessary to note the continuation of research and the simultaneous use of already obtained results of the development of a balanced nutrient solution for plants.

Already, technology is of interest on all continents of the planet. In many European countries, they have already switched to hydroponics, growing some crops, such as strawberries, which grow like yeast, and the crop is much easier to harvest.

The developed formulations of solutions allow to increase the yield of many crops, while reducing the area allocated for their sowing.

Nowadays hydroponic systems are gaining popularity: there is an increase in demand for hydroponic growing equipment and nutrient solutions, which reduces the cost of expensive production and reduces the cost of such a previously exotic method as hydroponics. While designing the systems, the developers are working to make it possible to completely fill the volume of rooms allocated for growing plants using the hydroponics method.

Due to this, there is a huge savings in space, and at the same time increases the yield, and hence income. At the same time, work is underway to reduce labor costs.

Is there a future?

Currently, there is a global process of reducing the rural population and increasing the urban, which will not engage in the cultivation of agricultural products, but will remain its consumer.

Hydroponics allows us to provide the population of cities with grown products produced right there, which means that transportation costs will not be included in its price, and the quality due to transportation will not suffer either. Another side of the problem is serious pollution of the soil with a variety of harmful substances and their depletion due to illiterate farming, the abuse of chemicals, etc.

In hydroponic soil is not required at all, and if you do not aggravate the situation, nature can restore it after some time.

In order to take care of themselves, their offspring and the fate of mankind, concrete, albeit small, steps should be taken, one of which, along with the search for alternative energy sources, AIDS and cancer drugs, solutions to pollution, and many others, is the transition to hydroponics. .

The purpose of hydroponics is to collect the maximum possible and environmentally friendly harvest from the smallest possible area, while the development of methods is being carried out to reduce the cost. Architects and designers, inspired by this idea, as well as the gardens of Semiramis, develop projects for urban gardens and generate other interesting ideas that are not devoid of grace and practicality.

Aquaponica is a mixture of aquaculture and hydroponics

Hydroponics - this is the cultivation of plants without the use of soil, in this case, the food is due to the surrounding roots of a special solution. One of its popularizers in the west is William Guericke, a professor at the University of California at Berkeley. He was the first to grow plants in containers filled with chips and peat, feeding a nutrient solution to their roots. At the university, his experiments were skeptical and even refused to give him space for experiments in the greenhouse, but soon regretted it - Gericke's hydroponic farm on Wake Island fed the inhabitants of the local hotel, and later his ideas took on board even the American military during World War II. Plants obtained using hydroponics were larger and healthier than those grown on soils in the usual way.

What touches Aquaculture - so called agricultural activities associated with the breeding of aquatic organisms in artificial conditions. Aquaculture originated a long time ago. Already in ancient China there were fish ponds and even the first works were written, which told about how to do it correctly.

The idea to combine aquaculture with growing plants appeared a long time ago, also in ancient China. As is known, rice is grown in stagnant water, where carp and tilapia feel great. At the same time, this neighborhood is very profitable: the fish destroy rice and malaria mosquitoes, provide the enrichment of water with oxygen, and their waste products serve as fertilizer for plants. Productivity, as a result, increases by 10%.

Aquaponica in our time

Modern aquaphone installation Construct from a tank with water for fish, containers with an artificial substrate or a floating platform (from foam plastic, for example) with openings for plants, pipes connecting them and filters. It is also necessary that nitrogen-fixing bacteria live in the roots of plants.

The principle of operation is as follows: fish living in water enrich it with carbon dioxide, as well as produce waste products containing ammonium ions, after which water from the tank is passed through a filter and enters the tank with plants, where bacteria convert ammonium to nitrates, after which it serves thereby a nutrient solution for plants. Plants, in turn, absorb carbon dioxide and nitrates, while releasing oxygen. The water thus purified is fed back into the tank with the fish. It turns out that this system itself feeds plants and purifies water for fish, without human intervention.

In order to ensure the operation of the installation, a person must monitor the light level, pH level (6-7), filter operation and water temperature, as well as feed the fish, but this is not the same thing as looking for fertilizers and soil for plants and install powerful water purification systems on a fish farm.

In addition, the forces and money will surely be spent for good reason, because the product range is very extensive.

Types of edible fish recommended for cultivation: tilapia, carp, catfish, cod, barramundi, trout, blugil, perch.

Recommended for growing types of ornamental fish: goldfish, koi.

Some other representatives of aquatic fauna that can be grown with aquaponic: crayfish.

Некоторые растения, которые можно получить при помощи аквапоники: салат, базилик, мята, кресс водяной, капуста, помидоры, дыни, клубника, перец, рис, злаковые, кукуруза.

Преимущества аквапоники

К тому же, аквапоника - это еще и экономия места. There is no need to use huge areas of fields, because it is enough just to place two small tanks one above the other, and the yield will be the same, if not higher. Instead of planting a few hectares of land with a certain crop, which should be fertile, moreover, it is enough to simply build a building of several floors, the total area of ​​which is equal to the area of ​​the field, and fill it with aquariums and containers for plants. You can even build a small installation in your apartment, thus growing fresh salad, vegetables, and with them both edible and ornamental fish.

There are some limitations in species diversity: large plants and trees can not be grown without soil, and fish should easily survive the changing alkalinity of the environment, as long as the system is adjusted, drastic changes cannot be avoided.

But, nevertheless, aqua farming does not depend on the weather and the season, because the necessary conditions are fairly easy to create artificially. With the help of one installation, we get rid of many problems, and at the same time we get two types of products. Fisheries and crop production existing separately, or fisheries and hydroponics are less productive than when they are combined.

Taking into account all the above, it can be concluded that the future of agriculture lies in aquaponic.

Lack of interest of the authorities

In small European countries everything is good and satisfying, but there is a problem of small areas. And willy-nilly, we have to think about the rational use of land, otherwise in a few years we will have to buy vegetables from third world countries. Therefore, hydroponic farms are the norm. In Russia, the agro-complex is located on the outskirts of the state’s interests, therefore, it’s not even funny to say that it’s not even groundless farming across the country.

Considering the general tendency to reduce the acreage throughout the entire territory of our state, the conclusion is: in order to introduce innovations into the agricultural sector, it is necessary to reanimate the entire industry. That is, to cure locksmiths from drunkenness, train milkmaids, restore the missing walls in the barns and drive the mice out of the granaries. Smacks of utopian, exceeding Sochi-2014 a certain number of times. Well, if, after an order from Moscow, on the site of the collective farm "Red Kryzhopil" erected green farms, then the profit from this will receive only those participating in the cutting of funds, and the final buyer will not receive the desired tomatoes.

Historical background

After the collective farms, the entire agriculture is in a deep pit, you can find out as many who is to blame. Only here the heritage of collective farms is a burden. Therefore, the reorganization of farms and farms can not pass by the wave of the magic wand You-Know-Who. The passivity of farmers is not a national trait, but a habit cultivated over the years of the scoop. Considering that in the West, hydroponic farms began to develop as early as the 1970s, sharply turning Russian business toward high-tech, would be like giving Eskimo Aipad.

As long as the state does not have an objective focus on the development of the domestic market, there will be no support for small enterprises that are now making ends meet or are fighting off greenhouse monsters and foreign competitors only at the expense of consumers with a reasonable approach to choice. Nevertheless, agrofirms like “Ashatli” still use outdated methods of growing products on the soil (even if greenhouses are in protected ground).

The second drawback of the Russian market is the focus on meat and dairy products, which are much more likely to deteriorate. At the same time, import still makes up a good third (if not more) of pork and chicken.

Retail chains also benefit from buying cucumbers from Holland (grown with hydroponic systems, by the way), rather than looking for similar farms in their region. As a result: technologies available for the Russian business, capable of providing consumers with inexpensive vegetables, from which there is no taste of meadow herbs in the mouth, are not yet available. And since there are none, then the segment cannot develop. Vicious circle.

Stereotypes

Russian people are suspicious of products that are somehow made wrong. Hydroponics is equivalent to GMOs, carcinogens, and is located somewhere close to terrible demons from stem cells. A progressive crop, if not a strong witch, then obviously something forbidden.

Thus, with the present level of education and resources devoted to hydroponics, it is extremely difficult to explain to the broad masses the importance of hydroponics for the future of the whole nation.

The very interest of the business environment comes, of course, from the desires of the end user. Which does not matter whether he eats a ground cucumber grown with the help of fertilizers or a tasteless salad tomato from the greenhouse. In the end - the end, in the summer you can give free rein to the desire to eat fresh fruits and vegetables. And in the winter - what will fall.

There is a hard-hitting picture. As long as there is an installation in our country for the use of agricultural land, there will be no garden city and hydroponic farms of the scale of fantastic works.

However, there is a comprehensive plus. As the level of needs of the middle class grows, the desire to get fresh and healthy vegetables arises by itself. This means that ignoring hydroponics on the part of big business and the state gives room for households. Which, in turn, can grow into a business.

Perspectives

Despite the fact that in the near future in Russia there will be no global program for the development of hydroponic farms, there are cases in which the use of hydroponics in everyday life is necessary. For example, the northern cities. In the same Magadan and Salekhard, it is much more efficient and cheaper to create green farms than to maintain expensive vegetables and fruits. And polar explorers, watchmen, other “astronauts” cut off from civilization can and should acquire a manual on growing products in substrates.

Normal coast near Salekhard. What is not a place under the hydrofarm?

According to the Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the share of self-sufficiency in the northern regions for 2012 looked like this:

Self-sufficiency of the population of the northern territories of the Russian Federation in the main agricultural products in 2011 (in% of the standard)

what it is and what species exist

Hydroponics is an alternative to the popular classical method of growing various plants in the ground. It is appropriate in the event that it is not possible to plant vegetables, herbs, flowers, berries directly into the soil. The technology is expensive, but it justifies itself if it is grown in greenhouse conditions in areas with an unfavorable climate for crops.

What is hydroponics?

Hydroponics is a way of growing crops in nutrient solutions without using soil. With this technique, vegetables and flowers feed, as usual, at the expense of their roots. But all the nutrients necessary for growth are taken from specially prepared water, which must contain elements of potassium, iron, calcium, sulfur and others. True, the cultures themselves must be placed in a substrate that must be irrigated from time to time with moisture. And all for the reason that in addition to water and beneficial trace elements the roots of vegetables and flowers need oxygen.

Cultivation using hydroponics at home

Depending on the substrate, there are hydroponic methods:

  1. Aggregatoponika is a way of cultivation of cultures on solid inorganic materials. Plant roots are placed in gravel, gravel, perlite, expanded clay, sand. Water the seedlings with nutrient solution. After a few years, artificial soil substitutes are polluted, salted and need to be washed.
  2. Chemoponica is a type of crop based on a substrate of organic materials. In this case, the soil is sawdust, tree bark, coconut fiber, moss, high peat. As a substrate, this raw material is used for 2 years. Pre-organic materials are crushed, the acid reaction of the medium is also adjusted. Food is carried out by irrigation with water enriched with micronutrients.
  3. Ionitonum is a method of cultivating crops on artificial soil that contains all the nutrients necessary for growth. Seedlings in this case, you need to water only with plain water. The substrate consists of a mixture of two types of synthetic resins: “Anion exchanger EDE-10P” and “Cation exchanger KU-2”. There is another type of substance used as a habitat for plants. This is a synthetic ion exchange resin called Levatite HD 50.
  4. Aeroponika - with this method, the roots of cultures hang in the air in a special chamber. Using a pump, the nutrient solution is sprayed. Thus, the water droplets fall to the roots.
  5. Hydroculture is a method of cultivating vegetables and greens, in which their roots are placed in solid artificial soil, and water with useful elements resides at the very bottom of a box or pot.

What grows in hydroponics

All year round in the country in the greenhouse or at home you can grow vegetables and herbs using hydroponics.

Cultures are placed in boxes with a solid substrate and occasionally watered with a nutrient solution.

Plants that are grown using hydroponics:

  1. Vegetable crops: tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes, broccoli, eggplants, cabbage, peppers, leeks.
  2. Bananas.
  3. Houseplants: asparagus, ivy, ficus, dracaena, cacti, azalea, camellia.
  4. Strawberries, strawberries, honeysuckle.
  5. Salad, dill, rosemary, basil, parsley, melissa, mint, sage.
  6. Flowers: tulips, daffodils, gerberas.
  7. Raspberry, melon, watermelon.

It is not recommended to cultivate such crops using the hydroponic method: potatoes, beets, carrots, mushrooms, hydrangea.

The root system of plants when grown by hydroponics

Pros and cons of growing crops in hydroponics

  1. Vegetable crops are provided with all the beneficial substances and vitamins. Vegetables and greens grow healthy and strong. Productivity increases several times.
  2. There are no pests in the artificial substrate, and cultures do not get sick with anything. There is no need to use chemicals to control beetles and caterpillars.
  3. No need to deal with weeds, loosen the soil.
  4. Plant roots receive oxygen and moisture in the required amount.
  5. Plants do not accumulate elements harmful to human health.
  6. It is not necessary to water cultures every day.
  7. Vegetables and flowers are easier to care for, no unpleasant smells, midges, dirt.

  1. In order to grow crops in this way, money is needed for equipment, materials, fertilizers, seeds.
  2. At the initial stage, hydroponics is a laborious process.

How to prepare substrate and nutrient solution at home

In order to grow plants in your farm by means of hydroponics, you first need to purchase special containers - hydropots. These are pots inserted into each other. The inner pot must have holes for the roots. It is filled with a solid substrate. And the outer box is 1/3 filled with nutrient. You can independently make containers for plants from a plastic bottle. It is cut in half and inserted into each other. In the one that narrows, they make holes for the roots.

The substrate is made of perlite, gravel, gravel, small pebbles, expanded clay, pumice, sand.

First, materials are cleaned from impurities, sieved through a sieve. The size of the fractions should not exceed 2 cm. Then the substrate is sterilized with a saturated solution of potassium permanganate. The material washed with pure water is used for planting sprouted and rooted seedlings. Initially, seeds are planted in sand or a container of mineral wool and watered.

Design for growing plants using hydroponics

Formulations for feeding buy completely ready to use. It is best to purchase fertilizers "Uniflor But", "Flora Series", "Uniflor Growth". It is necessary to adhere to the recommendations when using these substances, that is, to dissolve the fertilizer in water in certain quantities.

So, to prepare a solution for 1 liter of water take 15 ml of fertilizer. In order to measure the rate used ordinary 20 ml syringe. Water for irrigation should be used only defended. Once a month, it is desirable to change the complex of fertilizers.

To feed the plants, a 25% solution of calcium nitrate is also used; for this, 250 g of fertilizer is diluted in 1 liter of water. And for the preparation of a solution for watering, in addition to purchased ready-made fertilizers, 2 ml of dissolved nitrate are taken for 1 l of water.

It is necessary to control the nutrient solution, which is watered culture, for acidity. It should be at the level of 5.6, if the acidity is higher, add pure water.

Stored solution for watering plants in a dark and cool place, its temperature should be equal to 20 ° C. It should be remembered that for each period of the plant's life (germination, flowering, fruiting) a certain concentration of mineral salts is needed in the solution, which is watered. Exceeding the rate of fertilizer leads to drying and falling leaves. It is better not to feed the plants than to overfeed.

method description, hydroponic systems, advantages and disadvantages of growing plants in this way

Every year it becomes more difficult to achieve ecological purity of the harvest. Even if you do not use the products of the chemical industry for growing garden crops and follow the original agronomic practices dictated and presented by nature, you cannot be sure that your cucumbers or parsley are absolutely safe and do not contain harmful substances.

They are contained in exhaust gases, in household chemicals, which evaporate and dissolve in water, in medicinal preparations, which are naturally excreted from the body and enter the soil, in gasoline, on which agricultural machines operate and which get into it during tillage.

One of the ways to prevent harmful substances from entering the plants from the soil is not to use the soil at all. This will help hydroponics - an ancient and at the same time modern and progressive method of growing plants without soil.

Drip irrigation

The drip irrigation system uses various fillers:

  • stones,
  • gravel,
  • basalt granules,
  • mineral wool,
  • coconut chips,
  • perlite,
  • expanded clay
  • vermiculite, etc.

Important! However, like the previous one, the system is dependent on electricity, and the solution must flow continuously. If the process is interrupted, the plants will be threatened with quick drying, which, however, can be avoided by using a substrate that absorbs water.

Plants live in a common container or in separate pots, which makes it easier when you need to rearrange the plants, add them to the system, or remove them from there. The working solution from the tank through the pump is fed to each plant through the tubes.

What is HYDROPONICS - the simple answer is what it means, the definition

Hydroponics is the practice of growing plants without soil, using various nutrient-rich solutions as a nutrient medium. Sometimes, various mixtures based on bark or straw can be used as artificial soil.

In simple words, hydroponics is a way to grow a variety of plants without planting them in the ground. Instead, their roots are placed in a nutrient solution specially selected for a particular plant. Thus, there is no need for large planting areas to obtain the required yield, since plants can be grown, creating a kind of "high-rise buildings." In such cases, the farm is provided with an artificial light source. Moreover, plants grown in this way are generally healthier and mature much faster.

Commercial benefits from hydroponics.

Hydroponic cultivation is an alternative to the more traditional process of growing plants in the soil. Using systems based on plant growth due to the supply of water filled with nutrients, significantly accelerates production. Fruits and vegetables ripen much faster, as well as significantly increase the yield of the plants themselves. Although the concept has met with some suspicion in past years, hydroponic farming today is highly respected.

The genius of hydroponics is the ability to directly feed the root system quickly and correctly. Water flowing through various types of hydroponic systems is filled with the right balance of nutrients, which in turn stimulates rapid growth. At the same time, the root system is exposed to a large amount of oxygen, which helps it more efficiently absorb the necessary nutrients. And it is this that helps the plants to ripen quickly and bear fruit faster than when grown using traditional methods.

In addition to the above advantages, it is necessary to note another advantage of hydroponics - the absence of weeds and, accordingly, pesticides.

Hydroponics and ecology.

Water used to supply nutrients to the root systems can be constantly recycled. This means that much less water can be used to maintain a hydroponic garden. Поскольку почвы нет, нет никаких опасений относительно эрозии. Выпускаемая продукция практически не содержит пестицидов и других химических веществ, поскольку они не нужны для борьбы с вредителями и сорняками. Таким образом использование данной технологии, значительно сокращает вредоносное влияние человека на экологию.

Гидропоника в домашних условиях и промышленных масштабах. Technology.

There are several different models used in hydroponic farming.

The wick system is relatively easy to set up. Nutrients are transferred from the water reservoir using a wick that comes in contact with the root system of each plant. Although this is not the most efficient process, this approach is often a good option for a home garden, where the task is to grow a small number of plants. This method is very rarely used in industrial production.

Nutrient technology uses a pump to move nutrient-rich water into tubes that contain root systems. A slow and steady flow of nutrient substrate can efficiently feed the roots around the clock, allowing them to receive an equal amount of oxygen.

In addition to these technologies, there are other techniques, such as the drip system and the aeroponics system in which the power is supplied through nutrient fog.

These and other hydroponic gardening options allow you to quickly grow vegetables and other plants without the need for a large portion of soil for planting. As a means of producing food for a planet with a constantly growing population, hydroponic gardening has great prospects for the future.

Hydroponics is the science of growing plants without soil - FloraGrow.com

Good afternoon, dear reader! You are watching this page, so most likely you are fond of plants and you wonder why some plants are faster, higher, stronger, tastier and more beautiful than others in the neighborhood. Our goal is to bring knowledge and tell people about modern plant growing technologies. We will show you progressive plant growing methods such as hydroponics, aero hydroponics and bioponics.

Articles about hydroponics

The word "hydroponics" comes from the Greek words "ύδωρ" - water and "πόνος" - work.

In 600 BC, a written record of hydroponics was recorded. Famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon in Babylon, this is the first historical fact of using a large irrigation system built into the building.

Nowadays, NASA research has shown that using hydroponics can grow plants in outer space. Ray Wheeler, a nerd at the Kennedy Space Laboratory, believes that hydroponics will provide an opportunity for long-term space travel.

Today, hydroponics is a popular hobby, many gardeners enthusiastically grow rare exotic plants, beautiful flowers, vegetables and delicious greens. By controlling the pH level and electrical conductivity, the balance of nutrients in the solution, the plant, instantly and effortlessly, gets all the components it needs for the entire life cycle, starting from the seedling stage, vegetation, flowering and fruiting. Based on the technology of feeding the nutrient solution to the roots of a plant, six main types of hydroponic systems are distinguished in hydroponics.

The advantage of hydroponics is that plants do not require treatment with various pesticides and herbicides, as they fight diseases, mold and harmful fungi themselves, having excellent immunity and showing amazing results that are impossible with classical cultivation in a pot with soil.

- Why do we need hydroponics?

The use of hydroponics for the commercial cultivation of vegetables and herbs, more rational than traditional methods of cultivation!

  • Hydroponics allows you to make the process of growing plants more stable and as efficient as possible.
  • Hydroponics saves resources, as it makes the process more stable and manageable.
  • Allows you to automate the cultivation and reduce the human factor, but requires higher qualifications of the staff.
  • The positive aspects of hydroponics are particularly apparent when used in “greenhouse”, in a home greenhouse or in a greenhouse.

There are a large number of hydroponic methods and the choice depends on the task you want to solve. The right choice of cultivation technology will allow you not only to save the money spent, but also to recoup them in the future by selling vegetables and greens. The choice of technology depends on the culture that you are going to grow. High-quality equipment, despite the high cost, will allow you to save significantly on consumables and maintenance. And as a result, it will shorten the terms of return on invested funds

GHE hydroponic systems are the first step to mastering hydro technology. On these small systems, you will be able to see the disadvantages, advantages and differences from traditional methods of cultivation and before investing significant funds in an industrial hydroponic system, you will be able to master the technology at home in these laboratory facilities.

Learn how to prepare hydroponic nutrient solution?

What is hydroponic and what are the features?

As a matter of fact, the question of what hydroponics is can be answered simply and clearly - this is a special technique by which plants can be grown. And quite often this method turns out to be the best. All gardeners know that the land under the plants requires constant loosening, because they need not only water and soil minerals, but also air for normal growth and gas exchange. When growing vegetables and green crops using the hydroponic method, the land and other soil fillers are not used, the roots of the plants are constantly in the solution of fertilizers necessary for their normal development.

What happens to plants usually?

Roots supply the ground part with all the necessary nutrients. But there is one caveat - these minerals can be digested only in a dissolved or diluted form. The soil becomes a kind of substrate, which contains substances that dissolve during irrigation. The situation is different in hydroponics. If only ordinary water is used for irrigation, the plants will die. This is partly the answer to the question of what hydroponics is - a complex system that allows a plant to get all the necessary nutrients. Most enterprises in agriculture have long ago switched to using this system.

Synthetic fibers are used in the hydroponic system, which do not allow the solutions in them to evaporate too quickly and do not enter into chemical reactions with them. The porous structure passes the optimal amount of oxygen to the roots. Thus, the substrate with respect to the plants becomes completely inert. You can easily imagine what a hydroponic is. Thanks to this system, the plants get enough nutrition for their proper full development, which allows us to achieve high stable yields. Equipment for hydroponics is a complex economy with electronic control of all parameters: temperature, humidity, concentration and feed rate of solutions.

On the disadvantages of growing in the ground

Another way to understand what hydroponics is is to simply learn what disadvantages simple cultivation in the soil can have. When grown in the ground, one can only guess about its chemical composition, and often fertilizers and mineral additives are used without taking these features into account. In addition, it is no secret to anyone that the fertile layer often becomes a real breeding ground for all sorts of insects, mollusks, fungi and diseases.

Some features of cultivation in the ground

Perhaps the only advantage of the soil is that it is accessible and open; you can just go out and make a bed where you want it, this is a traditional and centuries-old proven method of plant growing. But even indoors, green spaces are not insured against mold, acidification of the soil.

New on the modern market

Therefore it is worth thinking about turning to modern technological systems. For example, purchase a nutrient solution for hydroponics. Although you can use a hydrogel, which recently has become increasingly popular and spread. True, we use hydrogel for decorative design of floral plants.

Hydroponics. Growing up. Methods How to grow. Myths about hydroponics. A photo. - Botanichka.ru

Myth: Hydroponics is a new technology.

Even the pharaohs of Egypt enjoyed the taste of fruits and vegetables grown with hydroponics. One of the seven wonders of the world, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, in fact, was just a hydroponic garden. In India, plants are grown directly in coconut fiber, the roots of plants are immersed in water. If hydroponics is a new technology, then it is new for thousands of years. Hydroponics is not new - it is just different from everyone.

Hydroponic cultivation (Hydroponic growing)

Myth: Hydroponics is something artificial and unnatural.

Plant growth is real and natural. Plants require simple, natural things for normal growth. Hydroponics provides all the needs of the plant in the right quantity and at the right time. There are no genetic mutations in hydroponic installations, there is nothing unusual in the chemical compositions of nutrient solutions that are fed to the roots of plants, there are no mythical “steroids” when using hydroponics. In the production of pure nutrient solutions, it has now become possible to grow completely organic products using hydroponics. You will not find anything more natural around the world.

Myth: Hydroponics harms the environment.

This is absolutely wrong. Cultivation of plants by hydroponic methods is much more economical to land and water bodies than traditional methods of gardening and horticulture. We consider water to be one of our most precious resources, and using hydroponics we save from 70 to 90 percent of water than with ordinary gardening. Another benefit is that no fertilizer enters the natural reservoirs, as it does during traditional cultivation.

Hydroponic cultivation (Hydroponic growing)

Myth: Hydroponics is something from the field of space technology, is too complex and high-tech for an ordinary person to understand and it is difficult to learn.

As already mentioned, hydroponics is cultivation without soil and it does not require any special devices or frills. An inexpensive bucket or flower pot, filled with substrate and irrigation with hydroponic solution - that's all hydroponics. A foam sheet with holes in which pots are inserted floats on the surface of the water in the bath with an aerated solution — also hydroponics, and this system is very popular for simple educational school projects. The technological potential of automation and full control of the plant’s habitat provides unlimited space for imagination, but in fact is not required to create a beautiful and unique hydroponic garden. There is no age limit for anyone wanting to learn the basics and wisdom of hydroponics.

Myth: Hydroponics is too expensive.

This is not entirely true. As with any hobby, you will want new “toys” or you will want to improve and expand your knowledge. And gardeners always spend money on their pets, be it bonsai, orchids, gardening, etc. However, it is not always easy to achieve the desired result and meet the size of the planned budget. So with hydroponics.

Hydroponic cultivation (Hydroponic growing)

Myth: The use of hydroponics has not spread.

Wrong again. Hydroponics is widely used throughout the world. It is used in countries where the climate does not allow or limit cultivation and where the soil is too poor to produce high yields. It is also used in countries, including the USA, where soils have been so poisoned by fertilizers and have become toxic that they can no longer be cultivated. In British Columbia, 90% of the greenhouse industry is now hydroponic.

Myth: Hydroponics can only be used indoors.

Hydroponics is easy to use both outdoors under the sun and indoors. One advantage to growing indoors is that you, not mother nature, control and control the seasons, and for you the growing season lasts 12 months a year. However, this is true for any method of cultivation. Soil cultivation can be done indoors, as well as hydroponics can be used outdoors.

Hydroponic cultivation (Hydroponic growing)

Myth: Hydroponics does not require any pesticides.

This is the only myth that I would like to believe. Of course, the need for pesticides is greatly reduced, because strong healthy plants are less vulnerable to attacks and diseases than weak ones. In addition, the main breeding ground of infection - the soil - is being eliminated. But even in enclosed areas there is a danger of pests. Supervision and control are required of any garden to prevent pest problems. The good news is that the use of toxic drugs in this case is minimal.

Myth: Huge super-plants grow in hydroponics.

This myth has some basis, but there are several aspects. Each seed, like all living things, has a genetic code laid down that determines the size of the plant, potential yield and taste. Hydroponics cannot turn cherry tomatoes into sauce tomatoes, but it can give the best cherry tomatoes that are possible. If this is of course the genes of the plant.

Implementing the maximum potential of plants when grown in soil is very difficult, because it is influenced by hundreds of parameters that determine plant growth in the soil. The ability to control these parameters is what makes hydroponics unrivaled in gardening. Also a factor affecting the plant - when grown in soil, the plant needs to spend enormous resources and energy to search for food, and when using hydroponics, everything in the plant is near and in an easily accessible form. This gives the plant the opportunity to spend power only on rapid growth, flowering and obtaining maximum yield and better taste.

Dr. Howard Rash, in his book “Hydroponic Growing”, notes the growth of the necessary land resources for cultivation, which is alarming, equal-area fields produce 7,000 pounds per acre of cucumbers when grown in soil and 28,000 pounds per acre when growing hydroponically, and also tomatoes - from 5 up to 10 tons per acre for soil cultivation and 60 to 300 tons for hydroponic method. The results are valid for almost any plant. In other words, it takes 25,000 acres to produce the right amount of tomatoes for Canada (400 million pounds). With hydroponic cultivation - only 1300 acres.

Hydroponic cultivation (Hydroponic growing)

© Our photo stuff

Myth: Hydroponics is mainly used for criminal purposes.

One day, Henry Ford received a letter of thanks from a bank robber during an era of depression. This man killed several officers while trying to stop him while he was hiding from the crime scene. In this letter, he thanked Mr. Ford for creating such a good, fast car.

The use of hydroponics for criminal purposes is due to the fact that it is a very effective and successful method of hidden growth. This casts a shadow on the industry and the methods that can solve the problem of hunger and nutritional deficiencies. The percentage of use of hydroponic systems for illegal purposes is parallel to the percentage of use of Ford machines during bank robberies. It is strange why many hydroponic systems used for ordinary purposes do not become the highlight of the evening news.

Yes, hydroponics is very popular among cannabis growers. This popularity is based on the same principles as conventional vegetable producers - the best, large and high-quality harvests.