Description and types
Bee package - this is a composition of bees selected from different families, which in future will go on sale. In order to form it correctly, experts select several insects and certain parts of the combs and food, then all this is carefully transferred to specialized boxes specially created for bee packages.
Varieties of these boxes are cellular and non-cellular. In simple words - this is the formation of the basis of the future honey-bearing family.
To date, the cellular bee package is the most popular and used option for the formation of a bee family. About its preliminary configuration is reported to the customer, and the quality is coordinated by GOST. Cellular packages typically include 4 or 6 Dadan-Blatt frames 435 × 300 mm.
Most often, standard equipment is ordered - these are three frames with brood and one feed, but at the buyer's request, the package can consist of two frames with brood and two feed.
In contrast to the framework, cellless package Includes a set of one fetal uterus, which is contained in a special small cage, as well as feeders, drinkers and other working bees. There is no doubt that a number of important and positive benefits can be obtained from the use of the non-cell packet family:
- the monetary costs of the prevention and control of bee diseases are reduced to a minimum,
- cellular economy can be easily and quickly updated
- it is much cheaper to transport bagless packages
- maintenance and care for bee colonies that came out of packages after a monthly transplant, are simple,
- it is much easier to trace the individual qualities of both the queen bee itself and the whole family.
Pchelosemya and pchelopaket: the difference
There are some differences between the bee package and the bee family. Pchelosemya is a fully harmonious familywhich has already suffered one winter, it already has its own queen bee, and the bees are divided into several types according to age: drones, workers, brood. In order to immediately manage to cope with the formed bee colony, a certain experience of caring for honey insects is needed, because such a purchase usually occurs in the spring, when the bees can overflow, which will lead to the death of the uterus and, as a result, the loss of the whole family.
Also a significant difference is the fact that the acquisition of a bee package, unlike the bee family, is possible only in spring.
How to transplant bees from the package to the hive
Before starting the transfer of the bee package to the hive, the future “cottage” must be brought into proper form, thoroughly rinsed and disinfected inside. Otherwise, the planted swarm may fly off due to its sensitivity to foreign odors.
Out of cell
The main condition for the transfer of bees from the honeycomb bee package to the hive is the maximum speed and the maintenance of a moderate temperature regime. In hot weather, this manipulation is best done after sunset, and in a cool period, you can not adhere to a certain time.
Next, the beekeeper needs to follow such professional steps.:
- to dilute the smoke,
- change clothes (coat, gloves, mask),
- install the package on the hive site
- open a beekeeper's flyby,
- then near the package it is necessary to put a hive and carefully rearrange the framework with the flown around insects into it.
Out of cell
You can carry out the transplant of the cellless set can be a frequently used method, the effectiveness of which usually exceeds all expectations:
- a couple of days before the packages are delivered to the hives, it is necessary to put a frame with a waxed wax (for 1.5 kg of insects - five regular frames or seven multi-bodies) and be sure to limit them to the diaphragm,
- in order for the bees to be calm and quickly gathered in the club, the delivered packages were initially put in a well ventilated dry place,
- so that insects from the box can easily move to the uterus, the package is usually placed near the framework (waxed), and the cage with the uterus between them,
- in case of a multihull hive, the uterus must be placed in the very first building between the frames, and the inverted stern opening down the package is placed in the second,
- if the uterus was initially transported with other bees, the bag should simply be shaken out into the hive.
Features and advantages of use
Also of note are some additional benefits of using a standard size bee package and some of its features:
- the package contains such necessary details: 3 kg of bee feed, 1 kg of bees and approximately 2 kg of brood,
- sometimes flying insects are found in such packages, but more often these are bees that dry around the frame and brood,
- the party must contain a young uterus, whose age does not exceed two years, strong bees and printed brood.
Now, relying on all the above-mentioned tips and recommendations on choosing the necessary devices for growing highly productive bees, you can calmly and confidently gain experience in beekeeping and delight yourself and your loved ones with delicious honey.
Features and Difference
A beginner beekeeper or one who is going to expand the family can use three main ways of acquiring bees, namely:
The listed options have some differences that should be considered.
The bee colony is a special family of insects that survived the winter safely. They have their own maternal specimen. All insects differ in type, age, namely - brood, drones and working individuals. Together with such families you can purchase sushi, hives and feed.
As for the bee package, it has certain dimensions. It should be:
- at least three kilograms of feed,
- two frames containing bee brood
- about 1.2 kg of healthy, strong bees.
The packages contain insects, engaged in planting frames with brood, in which the young womb is kept. The age of the maternal individual may not exceed two years. A bee package is characterized by the presence of a fetal, high-quality, young maternal specimen, as well as printed brood. The package differs from the previous version in that it can only be purchased in the spring.
Popular breeds of bees
The most popular is the Carpathian breed of insects. They are characterized by peace-loving and working capacity from an early age. Thanks to their work, they get tasty and high-quality honey, which is collected from nectar with a small amount of sugar. Carpathian bees can adapt to the nomadic form of beekeeping. You can buy bags of this breed from beekeepers.
The Central Russian breed of insects is also in demand. It is difficult to find purebred representatives of the breed. Most often, on sale there are mestizos. It is difficult to work with the bees of the Central Russian breed, as they clearly show their irritability and aggression. Work with such insects is possible only by experienced beekeepers. Packages can be purchased at a specialized apiary.
Backfast bees are descended from the Italian breed, so they have similar traits, sizes and characteristics. Buckfast have a dark color. The uterus can interbreed with other breeds. Insects like cloudy, rainy weather, can successfully adapt to different conditions. The main disadvantage of this breed - they are not adapted to the cold. The advantage - rarely get sick, in particular ascosphere.
Main advantages of bees bakfast:
- resistance to many ailments
- beautiful honey plants,
- they are not characterized by unwanted swarming,
- you can check the hive without fear at any time of the day or night,
- calm, peace-loving and not aggressive,
- keen sense of smell.
At the site of the future hive, you must arrange the package. It is important to direct the entrance to the direction of the house. When opening the lid, you need to slightly raise the smoke. Bees can be brushed from the lid to the hive. Then you need to set the frame in evidence, sweep into it the remains of insects that are at the bottom of the package. The maternal individual can be planted only after all the insects have subsided and settled down. It is important to remember that before performing the transplant, the dwelling must be prepared, cleaned and thoroughly disinfected.
At the initial stage, insects should be given a special feeding, since they do not have enough nectar to fully develop. When it's cold outside, dressing is a must. With the arrival of warm weather, they will be able to get food on their own. After a month of such residence, the family takes power. At this time, you should expand the bee's nest, substitute the framework with a wrinkle. At the end of the month, the strength of the family will increase to seven kilograms.
Do not forget about the box that is needed for the package. The box must be reliable and durable. It must be assembled in accordance with the parameters of the frame. This should be done in advance, no later than two days before the purchase. The box is great for transporting insects. For more information, also find out how the bee colony works.
Everyone has at least some idea of what a swarm of bees is. And how do bee packages differ from bee colonies? The bee colony is a family of bees that has successfully survived hibernation, it already has its own uterus, the bees differ in age and type (workers, drones, brood). With such a family, feed, dry and even hives are acquired.
The bee package, in turn, has standard parameters. It must contain at least 1 kg 200 grams of bees, 2 frames of bee brood and 3 kg of feed. Flying bees are rarely found in such packages, it usually contains those representatives of the species that frame the bee brood. It contains the young womb. Her age should not exceed two years. A bee is characterized by the presence of young bees, a strong fetal uterus and printed brood. Unlike pchelosem, packages can be purchased only in the spring.
The most popular bees are Carpathian. They are distinguished by their peacefulness; from an early age they are ready to begin collective work. They collect low sugar nectar and produce quality honey. Carpathian suitable for nomadic beekeeping. You can buy bee packages of the Carpathian breed on specialized apiaries and from individuals. You can make an order via the Internet.
Central Russian breed
The Central Russian breed is not inferior in its popularity Carpathian. Unfortunately, this breed is gradually hatching and most often only metises can be found. Pure Central Russian breed is almost gone. In addition, it is very difficult to work with the Central Russian bee, it can only be done by experienced beekeepers. Despite good bribes, insects show aggression, and they also need good and large honey plants. You can purchase bee packages of Central Russian breed on specialized apiaries.
The package is located at the place where the hive will be equipped. The letkov is directed in the same direction in which the hive itself will look. When you open the lid is worth a little smoke. From a cover of bees look like a beehive. The image is made with frames and sweeps there the remaining individuals from the bottom of the package. After they all calm down, the uterus sits down to them. A dwelling place for bees should be carefully sanitized and prepared before transplanting.
At first, the bees should be fed up, as very often they simply do not have enough nectar for full development. If it is still cold outside - dressing is a necessary and necessary measure. With the onset of warm days, they can already get their own food. During the month of stay, the family begins to enter into force. Therefore, you need to think about expanding the nest, start to substitute the waxed frame. Otherwise, your insects will begin to swarm, part of the family will leave its nest. By the end of the month, a family can gain strength up to 7 kg.
Very often, the honey that needs to be fed to the bees over the winter exceeds in its value the price of a bee package. Therefore, some beekeepers simply expel them for the winter, where they die. And in the spring acquire new.
Boxes for a bee package
The main requirements for such boxes - strength and reliability. It must be knocked together by the size of the frame. Independently make such a box in one day. You can contact the beekeeper from whom you buy the package. Only here you need to contact for a few days. The boxes are convenient for transportation, the bees feel comfortable and cozy in them.
Making a bee package
They can contain any number of frames. Each beekeeper in Kharkov will be able to make such a hive with his own hands, taking into account only his wishes. To make a hive, intended for transportation, it is necessary to take into account important details, without which high-quality package beekeeping is impossible:
- Material for the manufacture of the box, better fit plywood
- Providing free space between the frames
- Ventilation Holes
- Frame holder
Frame bee package
Batch beekeeping Kharkiv is simple to start, it will develop in one year. Many use the frame option, it is formed from 6 or 8 frames, and can be assembled or even collapsible. It should be noted that the teams are formed with brood of different ages, as part of the brood is hidden, with different families. But non-collectable, are dividing a large family into several branches. For sale in Germany and Omsk for a whole year it is necessary to plant the fetal uterus.
Thanks to the mail services, bees can be sent to the Krasnodar Territory, even to Kharkov. The sender and the recipient may not worry that the mail workers will refuse them a service. Under the law, the transfer of bees is not prohibited. So, mail representatives have no right to interfere or refuse to perform this service. Today, the transfer of bees by mail is very popular, which is very important for ads selling bees, which are presented in large numbers once a year at a certain period. This is an important aspect, without which batch beekeeping would have suffered greatly. Bee colonies are packaged in one-frame bee packages, packaging is also possible, and 6, 8 frames. In the package you need to move the nested frame with a honeycomb, which contains about 1.5 honey. After moving it must be secured with nails on top. This package is placed next to the hive, after which the uterus is found and mixed into the cage. After that, 1.5 bees are shaken off the frames into a bee package, the uterus is launched towards them and the box is tightly closed. Ready packages with bees must be strictly kept in the shade.
In the mailbox, the box is packed, indicate the addresses of the recipient and the sender, as well as the following information: "live bees", "Top". After that, the bees are sent to the recipient as a regular parcel, as a gift for the New Year. The received bees must be transplanted into a previously prepared clean hive, which will contain a framework of food reserves. Honeycombs that were in bee packages are not recommended to be transferred to the new hive, as it is possible to carry the infection. Two bee colonies can be placed in one hive, it is enough to install a thin partition, so the insects will be warmer. From time to time, bees must be fed with honey or sugar syrup, the same procedures are carried out in non-ball time. During the year they will actively multiply and this will bring additional income. The most important thing is to carefully care all this year to look after the Bacfast and Central Russian rocks, as well as any others.
It is best to buy bees from avid beekeepers. Batch beekeeping they have established perfectly. Since they are more responsible and have excellent knowledge in the maintenance of bee colonies and many other buckfast. Buying a family of insects is not difficult. The most difficult to get a bee swarm. He is considered the most good earner for nectar, and also able to quickly get used to the new hive. Так же приобрести семью можно в питомнике, очень важно подобрать, тот который занимается разведением пчел, достаточно долгое время. Маленькая пчелиная семья может набрать силу, и уже через год сможет порадовать вкуснейшим медом. Заполучить насекомых можно еще одним способом, установив ловушки, в местах, где в радиусе 3-х км, есть пасеки.Thus, you can lure bees to your hive for a year or more.
What is a bee package?
A bee package is a certain number of bees disbanded for sale from special families. This is a small, full and young family. In such designs according to the standards include:
- a box in which the bees "move"
- 1.2-1.5 kg of bees,
- 3 kg of feed,
- two large print brood frames,
- uterus up to 2 years.
Bee packages are created for one purpose - to sell bees
In order to form a package, a healthy family of bees is selected, a certain part of the honeycomb, food and insects themselves are taken from its hive and moved to a separate special box. Throughout the preparation and transport of bees provide them with proper feeding.
Bee packages are created with one goal - to sell bees. They are easy to transport, they move into hives without any problems, so this is one of the best options. Usually purchased to order. The beekeeper can come, check the family from which the bee package will be formed, take away the food for him. At the same time, bee packages are acquired not only by young beekeepers, but also by those who have been earning beekeeping for more than a decade.
What is the difference between a bee package and a bee colony?
The bee colony is the bees that have already survived at least one winter.
And yet what is the difference between a bee colony and a bee package? The bee colony is the bees that have already survived at least one winter. They have a queen and insects of different ages and orders (drones, workers, brood). With such families, food is always purchased, dry and even ready-made hives.
As for the bee packages, this is just a small part of the bee family, separated and formed into a separate package. It is formed according to certain standards and principles. Each package must contain a certain number of bees, queen bees and other components described above. It is also worth noting that bee packs are always purchased in the spring, only then they are sold, and the bee family can be bought at any time of the year.
What types of bee packages are there?
Bee packages are of two main types. Depending on the type, the price may vary.
Cell and Bezsotovy Bee Packs
- Cellular bee package - the most common type. Completion of such an acquisition is usually agreed with the customer. It includes: 4-6 frames of Dadan-Blatt (435x300 mm), of which 3 pieces with rasplod and another one with fodder. This is a standard, but at the request of the customer, you can make a different amount of both. It is important to note that the smaller the feed in the package, the shorter the distance the bees must be transported. This package looks like a small narrow evidence.
- Cellless package it is collected from one bee-mat, placed in a cage, feeders, drinkers and 1.2 kg of bees. As food, syrup or candi is poured into the feeder. Such packages are suitable for any type of hives. Such packages represent a box with two mesh walls on each side. Bottom, top and two walls are made of wood.
How to transplant bees in a hive?
After the bee package is bought and goes to the apiary, you need to prepare everything you need: good, dry evidence, drinking trough, feeding with food, etc. When the bees arrived they need to be fed with sugar syrup. This is done so that they move away faster, especially if there was no feed in the bee package. Then the bees are examined. Trips often provoke diseases in these insects. Now it remains only to transplant them into the hive.
The method of migration of bees depends on what type of bee package was purchased.
- From the honeycomb package, bees are transplanted into a hive in cool weather. First, the package is installed opposite the hive so that the tap holes look in one direction. Now the openings open, and the bees fly out. They need to look around, understand where they are and what to do next. While the bees are flying, the beekeeper must rearrange the frame from the bag to the hive in the same order as they were! If not all the bees fly and many are left in the bee package, you need to gently sweep them onto the frames in the equipped hive. The uterus is released only when all the bees calm down.
The beekeeper must rearrange the framework from the package to the hive
The lid of the package opens slightly. The uterus is found, usually in a small box. It needs to be opened slightly and placed between the frames in the center. But it is impossible to completely release from the cage! The entire bee package (open) is placed in the hive, if there is no space, then you can pour the bees inside. Only the next day you can release the uterus. By this time, the bees will live out and it will be possible to remove the bee package from the hive.
As you can see, bee packages are simple designs that are not difficult to deal with. But all movements during the resettlement must be clear and confident, otherwise the bees will rebel. In any case, you need to have a smoker with you; it will calm the bees in case of anything.