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Horse manure as a fertilizer: how to apply, reviews

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Often from gardeners with considerable experience, you can learn about the benefits of horse manure. But people who do not understand deeply in this topic will not be able to understand the advantages of fertilizer. However, there is no doubt that this fertilizer is excellent as a dressing for warm beds, and also has many advantages over other types of manure.

The benefits of horse manure in the fall

Speaking about its benefits in the autumn, it is worth noting that, compared with the cow, he:

  • Dry
  • Light
  • Contains a large amount of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus

Due to the available properties, horse manure quickly gives off heat and warms up easily. It consists of a small amount of weeds, which is an obvious advantage over cows.

Organic fertilizer ranks first in terms of the degree of yield increase, bypassing cow, pork, goat, chicken, sheep and rabbit. When applied to heavy soils, it can loosen them, and when released into the lungs, will increase their water retention effect. In addition, when using it, the soil will not sour.

Horse manure is useful in any form except fresh

Fertilizer composition

The composition of this vital product contains trace elements and substances necessary for plants:

Unlike other fertilizers, it has a more loose and porous structure, which makes it convenient to apply to the soil. Experts recommend using it in greenhouses and greenhouses.

This is due to the fact that the product of vital activity emits a large amount of heat and makes it possible to grow vegetables in a short time.

How to apply in practice

If you know how to fertilize horse manure, you can certainly be considered an expert in the field of agriculture. However, it is worth more detail to highlight the types of fertilizer and its scope:

  1. fresh. This type is not recommended to add to the soil. This can provoke the inhibition of plants and even the complete destruction of their roots. Fresh form contains a lot of unnecessary garden elements: eggs of worms, weed seeds and fungal spores. The most favorable time for application is autumn, after digging the garden. This is due to the fact that during the winter period it will have time to decompose by spring planting and will go to the planted plants for the benefit.
  2. half broken At this stage is used in two ways. First, during digging it is added to the ground, and secondly, it is mixed with and it turns out fertilizing for plants. Flowers and garden crops (cabbage, zucchini and cucumber) are usually fed with this type of manure.
  3. swelled. At this stage, the manure loses half its mass compared to the original weight. When added to the soil calculation is used: ten kilograms of manure per square meter of land.
  4. humus. This stage is final. At this stage it is the most valuable and can be used as a top dressing for absolutely all garden crops and flowers.

When can not be used for plants

Undoubtedly, horse manure has many advantages. However, it can not be thoughtlessly used, either in pure form or in granular form.

  • It is extremely important to observe the frequency of addition to the soil. Too much can damage plants.
  • Due to the fact that horse manure can remain in plants in the form of nitrates, harmful to the human body, it is not necessary to make it later than two weeks before you start harvesting.
  • When applying horse manure for potatoes, you need to be especially careful: the fertilizer can be transferred from unchecked stables through fertilizer
  • Directly under the root system itself fresh manure can not be made

Not recommended for use if:

  • you see mold or fungal plaque, this fertilizer does not have the ability to warm up and is not suitable for use in greenhouses
  • in the greenhouse is too dense soil. In this kind of soil, methane and hydrogen sulfide will be released, adversely affecting plants.
Under the root system of plants can only make rotted manure or humus

Rules for storing fresh manure in the garden

Do not forget that it is extremely important to store organic fertilizer. If it is improperly stored, the nitrogen will enter into a chemical reaction with oxygen, which is contained in the air, and evolve into ammonia, will evaporate. That is why horse manure must be stored in a place where there is minimal contact with air.

Another way is to store in compost heaps. Layers at the same time laid by weeds, fallen leaves, peat, as well as other vegetable organics. This method can be considered one of the best, since the released liquid is absorbed by organic layers and is saved.

The product of life, described earlier, has long been considered the best form of feeding, it is useful for all types of plants, especially in processed form and granules. Experienced people who have been growing vegetables for a long time believe that horse excrement is the best option when choosing fertilizer. In this case, the harvest will always be good, especially potatoes and tomatoes grow well. Previously, farmers were skeptical about the choice of this fertilizer, but having tried it once, they realized that the crop is much better, and the fruits themselves are much larger.

How to use fresh horse manure?

For fertilizer soil often use fresh horse manure. It gives off more nitrogen and heat. It is important to remember that fresh humus under crops must be used carefully - it can cause burns of the root system. Fresh horse manure as fertilizer - how to apply:

  1. Bring fresh manure in the fall in the process of digging plots. By the spring he will have time to decompose and release nutrients into the earth. The dose of fertilizer should not exceed 6 kg per 1 m 2, smelling the product immediately after dispersion.
  2. In the spring, you can use fresh manure as a biofuel in greenhouses and greenhouse, arranging warm mounds and beds for growing vegetables. It is laid in a layer of 30-40 cm, sprinkled with straw and a layer of land of 30-35 cm above.
  3. It is allowed to use fresh manure for early potatoes and crops that have a long growing season.
  4. Fresh manure is bred in such a way - it is diluted with water 1: 200, put in heat for fermentation for several days. After the swab is fermented, it is re-diluted with water 1:10 and is fed to the culture.

Horse Manure Extract - Application

Good horse manure and in the liquid version. It can be used as root feeding, conveniently stored in canisters and barrels, in such a fertilizer there are no weed seeds as in the dry version. Horse manure extract - preparation and method of application:

  1. In 10 liters of water, you need to add 1 kg of manure, 1 kg of sawdust or straw, to enhance nutritional value, you can add half a bucket of wood ash. Mixture insist 2 weeks, stirring often. Slurry is used for plants, diluted in advance with water and the volume increased by 5-7 times.
  2. Before applying the fertilizer, it is necessary to water the land abundantly. After that, you can pour the mixture under the root of the plant.

How to use granulated horse manure?

Fresh product - inaccessible to the ordinary summer resident. Such fertilizer can be produced only in the stables, it is difficult to get it, it is still necessary to deliver to the site. Modern technologies allow the production of granular manure - valuable fertilizer packed in compact bags and buckets. It smells less, it is easy to transport. Granulated horse manure - the right application:

  1. In early spring, the dry matter is mixed with the soil, digging it to a depth of 10 cm, the dosing of top dressing - 10-15 kg per 100 m 2 plot. After touching the dry product, the beds are generously filled with water.
  2. Fertilizer can be applied in the form of an aqueous solution - 4-6 liters per 10 m 2 of the site. Manure is filled with cold water according to the instructions, insist 14 days. Before applying the mass is mixed and fertilized plants.

Horse manure - the benefits and harm

Such valuable fertilizer as horse manure has pros and cons of use. Its advantages:

  1. In comparison with the cow, it is lighter, friable, less wet and rapidly decomposes.
  2. Fertilizer retains moisture in the soil and helps acidify the cultivated land.
  3. Nazim well and for a long time heats the soil on the beds.
  4. It has an ideal composition for feeding plants, rich in potassium, nitrogen and organic matter.

The horse manure can not be harmed by plants when properly applied, but there are nuances when using it:

  1. Improper dosage of fresh or insufficiently rotted product can lead to burns of the plant roots.
  2. The use of a cheap product of low quality is the cause of its inefficiency. In pursuit of cheapness, you can buy a mixture, mostly consisting of sawdust with a small dose of horse humus. It is not worth waiting for such a large fertilizer.

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