- How to prepare for winter lilies
- How to grow noble lilies in Siberia
- We keep lilies from the cold. Do I need to dig a bulb of lilies for the winter?
For lilies need to care not only in the spring, in the summer during their growth, flowering, but in the fall. It depends on how well prepared the lilies are for winter, what kind of bulb they will form, whether they will not get sick and how they will endure frosts.
We start preparing for winter at the end of summer
Preparing for winter, which is a serious test for any plant, begins early - immediately after the flowering of the lilies. It is important at this time to feed the plant, then it will have time before the frost to form a large onion, which has more than a small onion, the chance to overwinter. In addition, from such planting material large flowers will appear next year.
To buds were voluminous, after the lily has flowered, in no case can not cut its stem, especially at the root. If you do this, then deprive the opportunity for the tuber to take nutrients from the stem and grow. After flowering, you need to nibble the leaves out of the spray with Bordeaux mixture.
To lily well wintered, you need 2 times - in early August and early September to feed her fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium. Nitrogen from the second half of summer lilies do not feed.
In 5 liters of hot water dissolve a teaspoon of crushed superphosphate and the same potassium salt. Stir the solution. When it cools down to a warm state, then pour 500 ml for each plant under the root.
The next day after watering and dressing the land must be loosened.
Shelter lilies for the winter
In the southern latitudes of our country, lilies hibernate beautifully without shelter. On average - the expediency of this procedure depends on the variety. So, Asian hybrids, royal, Pennsylvanian, Dahurian varieties well overwinter without insulation.
In the northern regions it is necessary to warm the tubers. A "gentle" hybrids: American, tubular, oriental warm and in middle latitudes. To do this, in the middle - the end of September, you need to cut the stalk, leaving a stump, which will rise 3-4 cm from the ground.
Lilies are afraid of dampness. Therefore, the ground beneath them in early October is covered with cellophane. Then, during wintering, the soil under the plant will be dry and this will help the lilies to winter well.
In order to prepare the lily for winter, at the end of October, peat is poured on the place where the onion is located, a layer of 5-7 cm, and a lapnik is placed on top. It will not allow rodents to damage the tuber. Put a film on top and press it down along the edges with stones or sticks.
Shelter removed in late April. If the weather is warm, in the middle of this month. Lilia perezimuet perfectly and will bloom long and long in summer, flashing the glossy surface of their leaves, like a diamond.
When and how to dig lily bulbs
Although most of the species and varieties of lilies perfectly tolerate the winter cold in the soil under a safe shelter, experienced growers still recommend digging bulbs annually. It is all about affiliated onions with which the main bulb accretes. They need to be separated in a timely manner, because they will take away most of the nutrients and moisture from the parent bulb, and this will further affect the flowering process. Lilies can not bloom at all, if the planting material is of poor quality.
It is recommended to dig out the bulbs in the autumn or summer period, sort them out, carry out preventive processing and store them in a dry cool room until early spring.
Numerous, artificially bred, hybrid varieties have different periods of bulging, as they differ in the number of daughter bulbs and cold resistance.
- Hybrids "Asian" - a group of frost-resistant plants that can tolerate the winter cold in the open beds, but are characterized by a large number of daughter bulbs. The optimal time for the mandatory digging of planting material - the second half of August.
- Hybrids "American" is a group of flowering plants in which the daughter bulbs appear in small quantities and do not require frequent digging. Bulb digging is done as needed around the last week of August.
- “Eastern” hybrids are cold-resistant varieties of lilies that do not suffer from a large number of daughter bulbs and are being dug out only as needed approximately in the first week of September.
Digging and transplanting lilies is carried out at different times, since transplanted plants must still have time to take root and adapt to a new place before the onset of frost. A transplant is recommended no later than the tenth of September.
The readiness of the bulbs for digging and wintering can be determined by the yellowed and drooping elevated part of the lilies. This is an indicator that the planting material has accumulated all the necessary nutrients and is ready for the winter period. The process of wilting the leaves and stems of the flower should take place independently and naturally and can continue until the end of September. It is advisable to dig with garden forks in order not to damage the bulbs.
Preparation, processing and sorting of bulbs
It is recommended to carry out several preparatory procedures with dug out bulbs for their further high-quality storage in the winter months.
First you need to separate all affiliated bulbs and rinse all planting material well. Then you need to trim the stems and roots, their length should not exceed 5 cm. Next, each bulb is inspected in order to exclude the presence of the disease or the onset of decay. Damaged and infected bulbs are not subject to storage. If there is a slight damage, you can try to cut it, and then process it with brilliant green or powder with crushed activated carbon (or wood ash).
Preventive treatment is necessary for all healthy bulbs before storage. First, they are soaked for 30 minutes in a warm disinfecting solution based on manganese or karbofos. As a preventive measure against the appearance of an onion tick, a soap solution based on laundry soap is used for washing. After that, wet bulbs need to roll in wood ash and leave in a dark room with good air circulation for drying. It is very important not to overdry the planting material, as it will become unusable.
The next procedure is sorting. Bulbs of large and medium size will be useful for spring forcing, and the smallest specimens can be used for planting on flower beds in the spring season.
In the storage place there should be such conditions under which the planting material will retain the necessary humidity and receive fresh air in the form of regular ventilation. One of the most suitable storage places is a household refrigerator or cellar. It is important that the bulbs in the fridge are not stored together with vegetables and fruits, since most of the fruits have a negative effect on the lilies produced by ethylene gas. A loggia, a glassed-in balcony or a cellar can also be a storage place, but the bulbs can suffer from unexpected temperature changes.
Wet wintering - in wet storage, planting material retains the necessary moisture and air permeability. You can put the bulbs in a plastic bag filled with sand or wet peat, but it is better to put them in the moss and wrap with thin paper. As the wrapper is moistened, it is replaced with a dry one.
Dry wintering - dry storage means placing bulbs in dry soil with a waterproof cover. These bulbs need timely moistening (approximately 2 times a month) and treatment with manganese solutions at the first signs of mold.
Wintering under the open sky - the place for such storage must be chosen on a plot in a lowland where snow lasts for a long time and high drifts accumulate. The storage facility consists of preparing a shallow depth trench with a lid, the walls and floor of which need to be insulated with polyethylene or thick cardboard (or dry peat). This material will perfectly retain moisture and heat. The bottom of the store is covered with a reliable drainage layer, which in springtime will protect the bulbs from melted snow.
Experienced growers, together with the bulbs, recommend placing small containers of water in the prepared trench in order to control the temperature conditions inside. If the water is not in a frozen state when inspecting the storage facility, then the bulbs are safe.
Transplanting in pots
You can save planting material in another way, if you transplant plants from a garden or a flower garden into a regular pot, and after wilting the aerial parts, rearrange them in a cool room with a temperature of 5 to 10 degrees and with good lighting. Basic care is moderate soil moisture as needed. These bulbs are suitable for spring planting on open flower beds.
Wintering lilies in the open field
Cold-resistant varieties of lilies, which are not subjected to autumn digging, need special preparation for wintering in open ground. Plants of these varieties are not subject to autumn pruning. They should fade gradually and naturally. This period may continue until mid-November. It is very important that the bulbs accumulate the strength and nutrients necessary for wintering. With early pruning of leaves and stems, you can deprive the bulbs of this opportunity. Only need to remove completely withered shoots and leaves, as well as remaining after flowering ovary. The ripening fruits of the lily negatively affect the preparation of the bulbs for wintering, as they pull nutrients over themselves, and the seeds are not used by the growers to further reproduce the flowers.
Eastern hybrids do not like too much moisture. That is why flower growers recommend lilies of these varieties to dig up before the onset of heavy autumn rains and do not plant on open beds until the end of snow melt. Due to an overabundance of moisture in the soil, the bulbs will gradually begin to rot.
If the storage of planting material in the home is impossible, then you should use the method of wintering lilies outdoors. However, you need to take care of future storage in advance, even during planting. For this purpose, raised beds are constructed, on which the landing holes are dug out and filled with a drainage layer of river sand.
Oriental lilies are perfectly preserved in the winter time under a covering of spruce branches or compost and polyethylene. It is very important to cover the plants before the onset of prolonged rains, but after the wilting of their above-ground parts. With the arrival of spring, the spruce branches and foil are removed, and the compost is left as organic fertilizer.
Lilies of the Asian hybrid varieties are not afraid of even the most severe frost, but the presence of a snow cover is necessary. In the absence of snow, you will need a "blanket" of compost or peat, as well as of polyethylene film. Unlike Eastern hybrids, these lilies need to be warmed only when the first frosts and a slight freezing of the soil appear. But to remove the cover will be possible after the complete melting of the snow.
With all the requirements for organizing the storage of bulbs in the summer lilies will thank flower growers with lush flowering and a unique pleasant aroma. The main thing is to make every effort, patience and attention.
How to keep the bulbs of lilies, not adapted for winteringVideo about autumn planting lilies
Light dry shelter lilies for the winter will provide protection from frost plants, and the film will not get wet in the spring. In the spring, the film and foliage will need to be removed early, peat can be left as fertilizer for lilies.
The way lilies hibernate largely determines their further development and flowering. Therefore, try to provide your darling with comfortable conditions for wintering in accordance with the specific features, and they will thank you with lush flowering next season!
Preparing lilies for winter and caring for them in the fall
Experienced growers recommend autumn transplantation, this is an important stage on the way to successful wintering of the crop and a guarantee of abundant flowering next year. Lilies can be combined in flowerbeds with hosts, bells, ornamental herbs. Tall varieties look great in the center of the composition, and low - in the borders.
With proper care, you can achieve lush flowering
Transplant schemes for different varieties:
- March of the years: once every ten years,
- American hybrids: once every ten years,
- Asian: every year
- tubular: annually
- the rest: once every three years.
Terms of planting lilies vary depending on the climate of a particular region. The determining factor is the daily air temperature + 10ºС to prevent the active growth or freezing of the bulbs. In the Urals and Siberia, the optimum period for planting is the end of August, in the middle lane, the end of September, and in the southern regions, transplants are carried out from late October to mid-November. Then the plants will have time to settle down on a new place and strengthen before the winter cold.
The place for lilies is chosen sublime, well lit and quiet, partial shade is permissible. The soil should be loose, rich in humus and slightly acidic. For tubular varieties, ash or chalk is added to the ground. For the rest will be useful peat and sand, compost.
30–40 days after flowering, the stems are cut and the onions are dug. Then inspect and shorten the roots by about a third to form a new root system. Healthy specimens of 3-4 cm in size are selected, soaked in water for 2 hours, then immersed in a solution of potassium permanganate for 15 minutes. Dry planting material in the shade, in a well-ventilated place.
Dry the bulbs only in the shade.
Planting is carried out in the wells to a depth of 8 to 20 cm, depending on the height of the plant. Distance between seedlings:
- for high grades about 30 cm,
- the average is enough 20 cm
- undersized - 15 cm.
On top of the bulbs covered with soil with sand and well watered.
After flowering on the stalks formed boxes with seeds. The stems are cut, and the leaves are left, because the plant needs to have time to accumulate nutrients for the winter through photosynthesis, which occurs in the leaves.
A full pruning is carried out after the foliage has completely dried, when it is dry, such pruning will not harm the plants. This occurs in early or mid-September, depending on the climate zone. You can leave the stem as high as 10 cm.
It is better to burn all trimmed stems to eliminate the appearance of fungal diseases.
An important sanitary procedure for garden health is to collect all pruning and burn it in order to protect the plants from pests and fungal diseases.
Top dressing and watering
In summer, abundant regular watering and loosening is beneficial to lilies, with the onset of autumn watering is minimal, and nitrogen fertilization should be stopped.
To strengthen the immunity of perennials in the fall, fertilizing is made with mineral phosphate-potassium fertilizers. The best time to make is the autumn transplant. 5 kg of compost or 90 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium sulphate in granules are poured into the wells, this is the norm per 1 m², 30 g of potassium sulfate can be diluted in 10 liters of water and watered with 1 liter for each bush. Then further dressing is no longer required.
It is useful to pour wood ash under the lilies, while watering the nutrients will gradually enter the root system and the plant will have time to accumulate strength for wintering.
Mulching and shelter
Many varieties of lilies can not dig, they are left for the winter in the ground:
- Asian hybrids.
These varieties need shelter in the southern regions for a comfortable wintering enough mulching. To do this, pour a high layer of humus or dry sawdust, top cover with lapnikom. Excellent winter plants under thick snow cover.
Flowers bloom and cover before wintering
In areas with cold winters with little snow, special breathing materials are used as covering materials, eglil, spunbond. Of the henchmen fit sacking, but the film or roofing material does not allow moisture and can cause damping.
Breathable materials are suitable for harboring plants.
Digging bulbs for the winter
For some particularly delicate varieties, digging bulbs for winter storage is mandatory:
This procedure allows you to dress babies from the mother bulb and get new healthy seedlings in the spring.
The main stages of work:
- Crop even green stems and leaves completely.
- Moisten the soil and carefully dig up the bulbs.
- Peel off and inspect for rotten patches.
- Rinse in clean water and disinfect in a solution of phytosporin, karbofos or manganese.
- Dry and store in boxes or bags on a pillow made of peat so as not to overdry the bulbs and prevent them from rotting.
For storage, it is better to choose a dark cool place, a basement or cellar is perfect, a cold balcony, the temperature in the room is desirable from 0 to + 5ºС.
Соблюдение этих несложных правил ухода обеспечит комфортную зимовку нежным красавицам лилиям, особенно важна защита для эксклюзивных сортовых луковиц. Морозоустойчивые сорта можно не укрывать в случае тёплой снежной зимы.
Нужно ли выкапывать луковицы растения осенью?
Ежегодно это делать не обязательно. Луковицы хорошо зимуют в почве. Иногда требуется прикрыть грунт, где посажен цветок, для утепления опилками, торфом или еловым лапником.
The exception is capricious Eastern lilies and Tubular. They can winter in the soil only in the south of our country and in the middle zone under cover. In regions with a harsh climate (north, Siberia), the plant is dug out of the soil after the first frost and stored in the basement until May.
Asiatic lilies and a hybrid of Marlena lilies (the famous multi-flowered lily) do not require such care. The bulbs are removed from the ground only once every 4-5 years, when it comes time to transplant the plant to a new place.
Lily is dug in the beginning of autumn, the bulbs are pickled in the solution of the fungicide and dried. Babies are separated from the parent plant. Planting material is stored until spring in moss or slightly damp sawdust in a dark and cool place.
After flowering, the lily must be fertilized with phosphate-potassium fertilizers. They contribute to the better maturation of the bulbs and the accumulation of substances necessary for a successful wintering.
On 1 square. meter of soil area taken:
- 30-40 g of superphosphate (or 20 g of double superphosphate),
- 35 g of potassium magnesia or potassium sulfate.
Applying top dressing helps in obtaining nutrients and nutrients to the bulbs.The fertilizer powder is scattered around the flowers, the ground is slightly loosened to a depth of 4 cm and the flower garden is plentifully watered.
Instead of superphosphate and potassium magnesia, you can apply special fertilizers for the autumn feeding of bulbous flowers. In garden stores sell the appropriate mixtures under the brand Kemira, Fertik.
For supporters of organic farming it is recommended to bring into the soil:
- bone meal rich in phosphorus
- wood ash containing potassium.
Both powders consume 100 g per square meter.
2-3 weeks after applying the top dressing, the soil around the plants is spilled with Bordeaux mixture. It can be bought ready-made in a store or made independently from an aqueous solution of lime and copper sulphate.
Bordeaux mixture has a disinfecting effect and destroys the causative agents of fungal diseases, pests. Liquid consumption - at least 10 liters per 1 square. m
Planted should be those plants that are not planned to dig for the winter.
Pruning lilies in autumn
Do not rush to trim the lily after flowering. For some time after flowering from the stem and leaves, there is an outflow of nutrients into the bulb and photosynthesis continues. For the gardener, the protruding stem also serves as a guide to the place where the lily grows.
In order to protrude unsightly "sticks" did not spoil the look of the flower garden, fast-growing annual flowers (fragrant tobacco, asters, dahlias Jolly Fellows) are planted around the lily. Greens annuals hide faded lilies.
Cut the plant on time, otherwise we can harm him.
Starting from the end of September, with the onset of the first cold weather, we cut the stems with a sheath.
The height of pruning lilies, wintering in the soil, is 5-10 cm. The tops of the plants are not left in place, but burned. This measure will allow to destroy pests that can be hidden in the leaves and stalk of the lily.
Do I need to water lilies in the fall?
Since early September, lilies do not need watering. Excess moisture in the soil can cause bulbs to rot. If the weather is rainy in the fall, drainage grooves are arranged around the flower bed and often loosen the ground, giving the roots access to the air.
In the south of our country, autumn is hot and without rain. In this case, 1-2 watering in September - early October will be useful.
When to dig not winter-hardy varieties of lilies?
To dig up the bulbs start after the first frost.
In the middle lane, near Moscow, the right time is mid-October. In the Leningrad region, lilies are extracted from the ground a week to ten days earlier.
In the Urals and in Siberia, the temperature of the soil drops to critical marks for flowers already in mid-September. It is impossible to be late with cleaning the bulbs.
In the southern regions of Russia, the climate allows you to leave even heat-loving varieties of lilies in the ground.
Determine the exact time for the digging of thermophilic varieties of lilies, will help monitor the weather in a particular area. Within one region, the difference in temperatures can reach 10 degrees, which must be taken into account in garden work.
Preparation of lily bulbs for winter
Dig out lilies with the help of a pitchfork, receding from a stalk of 12-15 cm and immersing the tool to a depth of 25-30 cm.
Extracted from the soil, the bulbs of plants cleaned from the ground, pruned roots and stems. Babe is separated from the adult bulb. Planting material inspect, remove the flakes of bulbs with dark spots (the beginning of rot) and mold.
After inspection, the bulbs are kept in a solution of the fungicide, to destroy pathogens. Use:
- saturated pink solution of potassium permanganate,
- drug Maxim,
Processing time is 30 minutes. After that, the lilies are dried in the air. Before storage, onions can be powdered with sifted wood ash.
Store lilies in a cool and dark place, at a temperature not higher than +10 degrees. Planting material is wrapped in a newspaper, wrapped in moss or immersed in sawdust. To prevent the bulbs from drying out, moss or sawdust should be lightly sprayed with water during the entire storage period. You can cover the boxes with lilies with a wet, coarse, breathable cloth (burlap, darnite).
Features of autumn care
Caring for lilies in the fall is the proper preparation of the plant for the winter, and it should be carried out long before the onset of cold weather. Immediately after the end of flowering, it is recommended to feed the lily with potassium superphosphate, this will help the bulbs to ripen and get stronger faster.
In September, Bordeaux lily mixture should be treated, as prolonged rains can provoke the appearance of pests and diseases, which is definitely not desirable at the final phase of the growing season. To do this, using a spray spray them with the drug.
How to keep lilies in winter?
There are many disputes on whether the preparation of lilies for the winter is necessary. And a specific answer can be obtained only with respect to a particular species or variety and climatic conditions in which the plant grows.
If winter frosts are severe enough, then autumn events are obligatory for implementation, since very few varieties are able to tolerate low temperatures without serious consequences. Therefore, it is necessary to provide proper care for lilies.
First of all, they need to be well fed, for example with humus or compost. Such fertilizers feed the plant, and still create a protective cushion that will serve in the future as a protective shelter from the cold. Organics contribute to the soil with a layer of 10-15 cm.
Digging or not?
Let's see if you still need to dig out lilies for the winter. In this matter, it all depends on the variety, because the plants are dug not only because of the severe frosts, but also for the purpose of reproduction.
Eastern hybrids are transplanted every 3-4 years. As for the frost resistance of lilies, varieties that are adapted to your area will carry the winter well, they can be left for the winter in the ground.
Do I need shelter?
Shelter plant is definitely necessary if it grows in open areas that are not protected from strong winds, and if the groundwater is close enough.
It is also recommended to cover the lilies from heavy rainfall, which can begin in the fall in the form of rain, and then continue with snowfall. Like all bulbous, these flowers do not tolerate excess moisture, it can provoke premature vegetation, as well as cause rot.
By pruning can and should start only when the leaves turn yellow and finally dry.
At the end of the growing season, when the leaves are dried, the plant is cut so that the stem is at least 6 cm long. Unfortunately, it is impossible to call the exact date when it is necessary to do it, but on the basis of practice, the period favorable for pruning and digging falls at the end of September.
Digging onions need to be very careful not to deform them in the process. It is better to initially remove them from the earth lump, which later must be carefully removed.
When the bulb is removed from the ground and is in your hands, carefully inspect it, if there is rot on it, it should be carefully cut with a sharp knife. After that, be sure to wash the planting material with water and disinfect.
For disinfection, you can prepare a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and leave the bulbs in it for 35-40 minutes. After water procedures, it is necessary to dry the onions.
In no case do not need to leave them in the sun, direct sunlight and open light in this case only harm. Drying should be carried out in a fairly cool place where the temperature does not rise above 18 ° C.
Now the main question: how to store dug out lilies in the winter at home. To do this, proceed in order. After the bulbs have dried, it is desirable to roll them in the ashes, and then place them in a cardboard box, a plastic container with a lid or a paper bag.
This is necessary in order to protect them from light. In order to create a favorable microclimate in the package, you can pour sawdust there or place moss.
When the bulbs are dried and packed, they are cleaned in a dark, cool place; a basement or a refrigerator is ideal for this.
Ways to cover lilies
If you have already decided that you should not dig an onion for the winter, it grows on an elevated site and is protected from wind and groundwater, you should still worry about shelter.
To do this, use a variety of materials, both natural and artificial. On lilies, you can lay out a thick layer of 15-20 cm sawdust, humus, or build a lapnik, that is, cover it with spruce or pine branches.
As cover, roofing material, film or roofing material can be used. Whatever material you choose, it will reliably protect flowers from frost and heavy rainfall. They take shelter when weather conditions return to normal, and the temperature will be above 0 ° C.
Autumn care for lilies, although it seems troublesome at first glance, in fact does not require much of your strength and labor. Doing the above procedures for the winter, you will be sure that in the next season your flowers will be only more beautiful.