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How to get rid of shrews: the most effective ways to fight!

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The shrew is the smallest mammal on the planet, widespread everywhere. These animals live in the steppes, forests, mountains (able to climb to a height of 4 thousand meters above sea level) and even in the tundra. The name "shrew" is due to the fact that this animal loves to rummage in the upper loose soil layer in search of insects. In our country mainly common shrew shrew.

What does a shrew look like

What to do if you have got a shrew in your country house? How to deal with it? First of all, you should make sure that this is a shrew, and not some other animal or insect. Outwardly, this tiny animal is very similar to a field mouse. However, the shrew is somewhat smaller (up to 4 cm long) and has an elongated muzzle with a movable proboscis and small eyes. The tail of the shrews is very long (longer than the body). In hibernation, these animals do not fall, so you can see them in summer and winter.

What benefits brings shrew. What does this animal eat?

One of the features of this animal is the high intensity of metabolism. Therefore, eating shrews a lot - almost continuously. The daily diet of this animal can exceed its own weight up to 6 times. The main food in this case are all sorts of insects. Without food, the animal can live in the summer no more than 11 hours. So to some extent, a shrew in the garden may even be useful, as it eats just a huge amount of pests. For the day, only one individual eats from 15 g of insects.

What harm can cause the garden shrew

Unfortunately, insects are not the only food of this cute animal. No wonder the long proboscis - one of the features of the body structure of such an animal as a shrew. What does this animal eat yet? With their long nose, the shrews dig in the ground and gnaw carrots, beets and other root vegetables, as well as damage the roots of peppers and tomatoes. They do not disdain the seeds of cultivated plants. Given that they multiply exponentially, measures to get rid of them should be taken immediately after at least one animal is detected. Shrews live a short time - only 1.5-2 years. However, the female reaches puberty a year after birth. At one time she can bring up to 14 cubs, which after a couple of months begin adulthood.

Shrews live one by one. Each individual has its own hunting area of ​​500-900 m2. Minks alone rarely dig these animals, as their paws are very weak. In the forest, they burrow into the litter of fallen leaves. In open areas, they can hide in mouse or moles abandoned burrows. The sense of smell and touch in these animals is very well developed. Echolocation is another ability possessed by a shrew. How to deal with it, consider next.

How to get rid of shrews with poisons

Not very humane, but quite effective can be called a way to deal with these animals using poisons. In order to survive the shrews from the site, you should buy poison for mice and pour it into each hole on the site. You can also decompose poisoned baits before entering the homes of animals. Choosing this method should be as careful as possible. After all, curious children or pets can suffer from poison.

Cats, by the way, in the heat of hunting excitement sometimes catch shrews. However, they never eat them. The fact is that these animals have special glands at the root of the tail, secreting a secret with a very sharp and unpleasant smell. This is a fairly effective protection against small predators, and it, unlike mice, can boast of a shrew. How to get rid of it without using poison? Consider another way to deal with this animal.

Using special repeller

Today, in stores selling goods for the dacha, you can buy special mole scarers. They are also suitable for fighting shrews. Available in several varieties of such devices. All of them can be classified into three large groups - mechanical, electrical and electronic.

Of the mechanical means, the most popular are tin or plastic "turntables". They work, of course, only when the wind blows. If you have a shrew in the country, purchase them and place around the site. Of course, immediately destroy all the animals on the site in this way will not work. However, constantly experiencing the inconvenience of noise, shrews are likely to prefer to move to another, calmer place.

The vibration of air and soil, which is not popular with animals, can also be caused by electrical devices. The principle of their work is absolutely the same as that of the mechanical ones. They only operate on electricity, and therefore more manageable. You can turn them on as desired.

The shrew, methods of dealing with which are based on its dislike for noise, can be bred with the use of electronic devices. Such devices are considered the most effective means in the fight against this animal. Electronic scarers do not create ordinary noise, but low-frequency, even more unpleasant for shrews. The range of sound is usually within 400 Hz. Man such a noise is not perceived at all. Shrews will react to the device very quickly and leave the site. The range of one such device is about 20 m, so for fairly large areas it may be necessary to purchase several of them.

Shrew. How to get rid of folk remedies

There are also "grandfather's" methods of dealing with shrews. Manufacturers of devices for scaring these animals consider them ineffective. Most likely, this is the case. However, as a temporary measure you can use them. Suppose it is believed that shrews, like moles, can be helped to get rid of foods with a very unpleasant odor. For example, a rotten herring can be scattered around the site. If you yourself do not mind not too comfortable stay at the cottage for several days, try to do just that.

Also, according to some gardeners, the shrew can be made by pouring mink water. But since the animal is very small, and there can be quite a lot of minks in the area (70 m - from 2 to 7 shelters per 1 individual), the effectiveness of this method still raises doubts. Of course, it is also absolutely useless to shoot these little things with a rifle or to launch poison gas into narrow minks. Sometimes for struggle with shrews use deep digging of a site. The method is very laborious, but quite effective. However, do not hope that the animals leave the site for good. Of course, the population at this particular place can thus be reduced. Left without a home, shrews who don’t like to dig burrows may also want to move to another place. However, this is not always the case. Most likely, soon you will begin to notice again in different places of the garden mink shrews.

The benefits and harm of the animal

Such a nimble little mammal animal, like a shrew, spends most of its life on garden plots, digging up the ground or eating harmful and beneficial insects. It practically does not differ from a vole mouse with the exception of an elongated muzzle and a long tail.

Since in one season the female shrew can carry four litters, their numbers can greatly increase if you do not fight them.

Often, shrews use burrows that left moles, while breaking new underground passages. Lawns and flower beds, and often the root system of plants, suffer the most. They have a well-developed sense of smell and touch, and it also has, like bats, echolocation.

Their nests are not difficult to find. They will live either in a small mink, or in empty stumps or fallen trees. And to warm their homes, mammals bring there dry grass and leaves.

Shrews divide their plot into a feeding one, which reaches almost 10 m2.

Shrew - who is this?

The large external resemblance to the field mouse is misleading for many; however, after looking closely, the difference is easy to see, especially since these two apparently similar animals are not even relatives. The shrew is not a rodent, but an insectivorous mammal.

The head, large in relation to the body, has an elongated skull and a characteristic, sometimes slightly curved down, proboscis - this is its main “calling card”. Short paws and fur, a long tail - everything else they look like a “decent” vole. The coat may be gray or light brown in color, depending on the variety.

The reasons for which they choose this or that site are still unknown. They can either appear on it suddenly or leave for no apparent reason.

Shrew dwarf

There are the names of the multi-skirt and the Etruscan baby. Coat color is gray-brown, closer to the gray palette. Very sharp teeth. Compared to other species, it has slightly larger sizes, up to 7 cm. The tail is trimmed with sparse, but well-marked hairs.

Forest shrew or common shrew

The most frequent guest of country plots, where he comes from the surrounding forests. It has a dark brown color with the transition to a lighter color on the abdomen. Grows no more than 5 cm.

Strongly settles in the vending territory, arranging nests or occupying empty moles. Having become accustomed to the place and being banished from it, he often returns again, considering it his own patrimony.

Harm and Benefit

To say that this tiny mammal is definitely harmful to the backyard plot, it is impossible. The basis of their diet consists of insects harmful to crops, which they eat in large quantities. The weight of the daily ration is 1.5-2 times their own, and the gluttony is such that 6-7 hours of hunger can be fatal! In search of food, they are forced to move quickly and a lot, mostly underground. On the one hand, this is a great help in aerating the soil, and on the other - irreparable harm, as the animal gnaws up all the roots on the way without hesitation and not intending to eat it. In addition, on the surface of the soil there and here there are holes and earth mounds, which can destroy a lawn grown in years in record time.

Signs of shrews on the plot

All the clear signs that your garden or lawn is settling this animal completely coincide with the presence of other underground inhabitants - moles, voles, and so on. The only exact fact of presence is the first-seen copy. If you have discovered not only underground tunnels, but also corroded tubers, you can definitely stop sinning in multi-teeth with shrews - they don’t eat it.

It often gives the impression that a whole flock of these uninvited guests is operating at the dacha, but in fact it may be the only one, since it prefers a single way of life and hunting. That, however, does not prevent her from bringing 1-2 times a year up to 14 individuals of the offspring, which in a month will become sexually mature and not a fact that they will go far in search of their own territories.

These underground inhabitants settle near water bodies, in swampy areas, under rotten stumps and other places with high humidity.

Mechanical scarers

They are usually made by hand, nothing complicated about it. The main thing is that they make a louder and more terrible sound. For greater efficiency, they are not placed on the surface, but buried in the ground, sound waves propagate well along the ground and create an unpleasant vibration for animals.

Schemes of such devices can be found a great many. Tins and glass jars, plastic bottles are usually taken as the basis. The simplest way is to put them on deep (below the moves of the shrews) iron bar stuck into the ground and fasten so that they can freely dangle and knock against each other from the wind.

If you make a little effort, then you can attach to them a tin propeller, which will work on the principle of a ratchet.

In plastic bottles, it is enough to make rectangular windows across the entire surface, notched on three sides, and to fold the flaps. Worn on an iron pin, such a bottle will rotate in the wind and make loud sounds.

So that it does not fall down, a sealing ring is made of any material, for example, from a flap of ordinary fabric.

Excellent and rattling unnecessary computer disks tied to a tin can.

Ultrasonic Repeller

Another humane way that does not harm animals. UZO make sounds, this time not distinguishable by the human ear, but extremely unpleasant for rodents and other small animals. There are a great many varieties offered for sale, it is important to choose an option for open areas. Outwardly, they most often resemble a nail-shaped photocell that is stuck into the ground. Depending on the model, the range can be from 10-20m (Tornado 0ZV) to 1 km (Antikrot).

Mechanical obstacle

Very laborious and expensive, but quite reliable way. Conveniently carried out at the stage of installation of the fence, i.e. It is best suited as a preventative measure not only from shrews, but also from voles, moles, and medvedas. On the perimeter of the site, a fine-mesh grid is dug in about 1.2 m in depth. About 15 cm of free edge is left above. The depth is given with a reliable margin; it is unlikely that any of the uninvited guests will “dive” under such a grid.

Traps and traps

Any mousetraps and traps suitable for rodents and other pests (mice, moles, rats) will do. Any worms, larvae, etc. can be used as quality baits for shrews. There is also a special trap installed directly in dug passages - SuperCat Vole Trap.

Help cats and dogs

More hope in this regard, of course, is placed on cats. Despite the fact that neither those nor others hate the smell of shrews and do not eat them, they often catch them either for the sake of hunting excitement, or simply confusing them with ordinary voles. It is necessary to release hunters on the site at night - this is the time of active movement of animals on the surface.

Folk recipes

Their undoubted advantage is the minimum cost, since traditional recipes, as usual, are simple and imply the use of what is practically in every house is at hand. Above it has already been said about scaring away shrews with harsh and unpleasant smells - a method worth adopting.

The complex method works best when several methods of struggle are used at once.

What plants does not like shrew

How else can a shrew be bred? How to deal with it by planting certain plants? It is believed that this animal does not like legumes and milkweed. Try planting more peas and beans in the plot. Perhaps the shrews will become smaller after this.

In addition, the usual marigolds are sometimes used to combat these animals. Plants are dried, finely ground and scattered before digging in the beds, in greenhouses and greenhouses. If you are afraid to use store poison, you can try this tool. It is believed that shrews do not like the smell of this plant. Marigolds can also try to plant on the edges of the beds, so that the animals do not go to them. This plant is absolutely not whimsical, care does not require at all and everything else can be a good decoration of the site.

So what is the way to choose

The shrew, the methods of dealing with which we have discussed above, is a small animal, bringing to the garden not only harm, but also benefit. After all, this small animal can very quickly save you from all sorts of caterpillars, beetles and worms that spoil the harvest. However, since she doesn’t mind eating the hard-grown root vegetables, she will most likely have to get rid of it. But at the same time it is worth choosing a more humane method. Although the most expensive, but very effective electronic devices are considered to be the best means among summer residents. Of course, it is worth choosing them. Grandfather's methods bring results rarely and are labor-intensive, and the use of poison in the garden, of course, is undesirable.

Why fight?

Unfortunately, the shrew eats not only harmful insects like caterpillars, beetles and others. She digs in the ground with her elongated nose gnaws carrots, beets, etc. from what plants begin to wither. Breaking through the moves spoils the roots of peppers, strawberries, tomatoesDo not refuse seeds of cultivated plants. It spoils the beautiful view of the lawn and flower beds. Their sense of smell and touch is very well developed, another ability is echolocation.

How to find a nest?

Most of these rodents live in wet places. Shrews dwell one by one.

Dig holes themselves and occupy vacant housing other (moles, mice).

Inhabited in the stumps of emptiness and in fallen tree trunks, under the deadwood, rarely in human buildings.

Warm nest dry leaves or blade of grass. Each of them has its feeding area, the size of a few tens of square meters.

Scaring and prevention

Надежным применением, при котором борьба с землеройками даст результат, станут вкопанные по периметру участка шифер или листы железа . Стройматериал нужно вкапать глубиной до полутора метров.

На колышки высотой примерно с метр, рPlace plastic bottles cut 1/3 of the neck or cans. The same pinwheel is only free, which is very good.

These "rumble" in the wind thunder thus frightening shrew. It is better if they are on a plot with a permanent seat of residence just in case.

Planted for prophylaxis between the rows of carrots or beets garlic and onionsthat give off a strong smell. A means to combat shrews will help hemp. It must be laid in freshly dug mink.

When rotting, it has a specific odor, which the shrews will not like, they will soon leave the site. The tool will operate a couple of years. A shrew in a house can only appear by chance so it does not make sense to catch it. The animal will leave itself.

In most cases, the destruction of the shrew is inevitable. Rumbled, spoiled flower beds, lawns and destroyed crops reduce to a decrease all the benefits that the animal brings. Poisons use as little as necessary. After all, I want to put a lot of work to grow an environmentally friendly product for myself.

"Global flood"

We can only guess about the true length of underground tunnels, since shrews often use other people's “buildings”. Therefore, it is better to immediately take a hose with water and pour all the holes in the nearby area. Such a "swim in your own home" will not survive a single underground mammal.

Farmlands and Shrews

To a large farmland, a shrew, the struggle with which in personal gardens, is certainly justified, paradoxically, does more good than harm. The fact is that only one population living on a hectare of land can eat 102-210 kg of various kinds of harmful insects in a year. No wonder this cute little animal is sometimes called the most ferocious and voracious predator on the planet. The main occupation of shrews is precisely the search for food and its eating. Due to the high intensity of metabolism, this animal can live not only in central Russia and Siberia, but also in the Far North, and even beyond the Arctic Circle.

Habits of shrews

The shrew lives, as already mentioned, in mouse holes. In the daytime, the animals are too far from their shelters. In general, their insect extermination activities occur in the night time period. The shrew differs in that it independently regulates the population of beetles, worms, and caterpillars in a personal hunting territory. During the day she never bypasses the whole area - she hunts only a small part of it. The next time the animal comes to this place only in a few days, when the insect population on it recovers. This avoids depletion of the territory. Due to this, one individual usually lives on the same territory all his life, never leaving it.

Here is such an interesting this animal - shrew. How to get rid of her in the country, you now know. However, using the above means, do not forget that, perhaps, this animal will bring to your garden not only harm, but also benefit.

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