Ampelnaya fuchsia is not the name of a variety, but the definition of a group of varieties. Ampels call plants with long, curly stems that are grown for decorative purposes.
Ampielnaya plants can grow in summer cottages, decorate gazebos or balconies. Fuchsia is an unpretentious plant that can be grown both on the balcony and in the home greenhouse or at the dacha.
Varieties for growing in pots: ampelnye varieties
Cache-pot - the most convenient container for growing ampel varieties of plants at home, for example, on the balcony. Suspended pots allow the plant's stalks to curl beautifully, decorating a balcony or wall. Unlike climbing plants, ampelous varieties do not twist around a support, but hang out of pots. They can only be grown in hanging boxes and pots. - in ordinary pots they will not look.
In addition to the ampelous, there are also other varieties - tree, shrub, upright. Their cultivation requires very different conditions.
Listed below are some varieties of ampelous fuchsia.
This plant is characterized by beautiful red flowers of elongated shape, with a white core inside. The leaves are rather bright, golden-green.
Golden marinka is characterized by abundant flowering and even more abundant branching. For successful care need to pinch extra stemsso that fuchsia greens are not abundant at the expense of flowering.
This fuchsia differs from other varieties in its delicate white color. Unlike other fuchsias that have shades of red and even give the name of one of the colors of the red spectrum, Icicle has large white flowers.
This is a very unusual ampel form, but as unpretentious as the rest of fuchsias. The pinkish shade of the outer petals (flower skirt) is possible.
The romantic name of this variety emphasizes the tenderness and beauty of its flowers. The color is purple, from tender to deep, a reddish tint is possible, some petals may be white. The intensity of coloring depends on several factors - the abundance of flowering, the duration of the life of an individual flower, lighting, soil characteristics.
The peculiarity of semi-fluffy varieties is that they change their shape as they grow. At the beginning of their life, these are semi-shrub forms with sufficiently strong shoots, but with age the shoots become softer, and heavy flowers make them wilt and hang.
We must take into account the weakness of the shoots, because of which always it is desirable to tie the plant to the support (for hanging pots, this may be a rope on which the structure is suspended). In case of abundant flowering, it is important to remove the flowers that have flown away in time, it is permissible to remove some buds so that abundant flowering does not break the branches.
Fairy is a very beautiful half-amber variety. Bicoloured flowers - purple bud and white or red skirt. The contrast of red or white and purple creates an unusual look that will decorate the balcony or room. The stems do not hold well for support, so it is best to grow as ampelous varieties. It is very important to remove excess flowers in time so that the stems do not break.
The most prominent representative of the semi-camo varieties. Differs large terry flowers that have a pink color. The flower skirt is usually painted in lighter shades than the sepals.
The leaves have a golden color, for which the variety got its name. With a lack of lighting, they turn green. The plant is very sensitive to sunlight, loves its abundance.
La Fiesta (la fiesta)
Unlike other plants of this species, in fuchsia la fiesta white is not a skirt, but sepals. At the same time, the flower skirt is very lush, has a bright crimson color, is decorated with white feathers. The variety is distinguished by abundant flowering and a large number of shoots. You can tie up to shape the bush, but this is not always effective. It is advisable to ensure that the flowering was not too abundant, and the flowers did not break the shoots.
Lighting and temperature
This is the most important condition - Fuchsia needs a lot of sun. At the same time, direct midday rays of the sun can be dangerous for leaves and young buds.
The ideal place - east or west windows or south with a little shading. The "golden" varieties have an excellent marker - if the leaves lose their golden hue and become bright green, then the plant does not have enough color (the photo can be seen on the net). Greening leaves in winter is normal.
Pot size and soil
Fuchsia is not demanding soil suitable universal soil for flowers. In addition, the pot should be of medium size, preferably plastic. This will make the construction easier, more comfortable and safer for the walls.
Watering and spraying
Fuchsia loves moisture and her need to be watered every day. An indicator that watering is needed is the moisture of the earth - if the soil is dry, then it's time to water the plant. Every day you need to spray the flower, but it should be done in the absence of direct sunlight - in the evening after sunset or early in the morning. The best time for watering is early morning.
Fuchsia branches abundantly, and new flowers appear in large numbers. This can create a large load on the root system, so you need to cut off excess shoots in time.
How to determine that the shoots or flowering or excessive?
With too many shoots fuchsia blooms badly, some shoots start to dry. Excessive flowers break shoots with their weight. If similar signs appear, then it is time to cut dry shoots and a few extra shoots.
Fuchsia responds easily to fertilizing and fertilizer, so they need to be applied about once a week. Skip the planned application of feeding is not scary - the plant will be able to survive 2-3 days.
Too plentiful top dressing will also not benefit - the plant will begin to actively start branches that will overload the root system, and there will be few flowers.
It is necessary if the fuchsia roots have grown too large and they need a larger pot. This is done at the end of winter - early spring, the new pot should be 3-4 cm longer than the previous one.
The soil in the new pot should be treated with potassium permanganate an hour before transplanting. Fuchsia tolerates transplanting, but you need to keep an earthen clod around the roots.
Possible diseases and pests
The plant is affected by various diseases - gray rot, mosaic virus, rust. These infections are carried by insects and transmitted by contact from plant to plant. From pests fuchsia affect whitefly and spider mite. A plant affected by a pest or disease need to isolate from the rest and cure as quickly as possible.
Cuttings allow you to get a guaranteed result in a fairly short time. Used for grafting shoots and leaves with buds. Plants are kept at room temperature, watered regularly. The time for grafting is the beginning of summer or the end of spring, but you can do this at any time, except for winter.
Seeds can be bought at an agricultural store or obtained from flowered fuchsia. They are planted in small bowls, watered, treated with potassium permanganate. Shoots appear after 1.5 months. After that, they are looked after as shoots from cuttings.
Below you will find helpful tips for newbies to grow this flower:
Throughout the summer, you only need to shorten long branches, because it will be them who will please you with their flowering with the onset of autumn.
Fuchsia needs crown formation. To do this, all lateral stems must be cut above 2-4 foliage pairs. In order to get a shrub plant shtambovoy form, fix the central trunk on a special support, completely rid of the side shoots.
If the plant throughout the winter will be in a room with poor lighting, then its stems will stretch out, and the bush will start dropping the foliage, which will lead to a loss of decoration. In order to avoid this it is necessary to use artificial lighting.
Moving a flower pot to the balcony or basement will also help. After transferring fuchsia be sure to reduce watering, and add fertilizer at all.
With the onset of spring, the plant should be accustomed to temperature increase gradually.
What can cause harm, and what problems can be
The plant, which is well looked after, and also which has not been subjected to attacks of any pests and diseases, is endowed with rich green leaves. If the foliage has become dry, specks have appeared on it, then this means that it has fallen ill and needs urgent treatment.
Yellow foliage and brown spots on it. As a rule, this is due to the fact that the plant is watered too much. The first signs are strips of yellow and small brown specks. At that moment, when the bush is at rest, you should not over-wet it. As soon as the root ball dries out a little, water the plant.
The appearance of powder spots or dew on fuchsia. Also, due to excess moisture, a disease such as powdery mildew occurs. With it you can fight with the help of Fundazole and Topaz.
The plant sheds leaves. Lack of moisture or dry air can cause foliage to fall. Regular regular watering and spraying the bush will help to avoid such ailment.
At the time of flowering, the plant drops buds. The most common source why the bush gets rid of future flowers is to rearrange it to a new place at the moment of active growth and flowering. At this moment it is better not to disturb the plant, but to allow it to be in the place where it used to grow.
Fuchsia blooms too little. In that case, if the bloom lasts no more than 1-2 weeks, then the reason for this may be incorrect and untimely watering. Also, the reason may be a poor lighting, high temperature of the air in the room and a lack of fertilizer.
Fuchsia can be attacked by various insects, which not only spoil its decoration, but also can lead to the death of the plant.
White fly larvae can settle on the lower part of the foliage, which will suck the sap from the plant and leave the selection on the leaves.
If you do not get rid of them in time, the foliage will begin to turn yellow and fall off. Angara and Aktellik help you save the bush from these pests.
The plant does not want to bloom. Many people ask the question: why does not fuchsia bloom? If at first glance a healthy shrub refuses to throw out the buds, then the reasons may be as follows:
- The plant throughout the winter was in a warm room.
- Not enough nutrients in the soil.
- Excessive soil moisture.
- Pot size is not suitable for plants.
- During the growing season, the plant did not receive enough sunlight.