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Operation of smart incubators in modern poultry farming

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Ryabushka Incubator is designed for breeding poultry of domestic poultry in households. When using this home appliance, you must follow some rules. It should be in a warm room, without drafts and access to direct sunlight. Below is a review about Ryabushka incubator: tips, instructions, reviews.

Modifications

Two types of incubators are produced: IB-70 and IB-130, for 70 and 130 eggs, respectively. They differ only in the number of eggs laid for incubation and the way they are turned. Modifications of domestic incubator can be viewed on the photo.

The declared quantity is placed if the torsion mechanism is removed. Egg flipping is carried out mechanically, which is quite convenient with a small capacity of the body. Mechanical turning of eggs may not seem very practical to some users. But the lack of automation in this case significantly reduces the price of a household appliance — Ryabushka’s cost is several times lower than automated models. If it is possible to often control the process of incubation, then such an incubator would be an excellent and cost-effective choice.

The device of the incubator is very simple, but at the same time reliable. To create and maintain the desired temperature, 4 lamps, a thermometer, a thermostat for Ryabushka incubator are used. Air vents and devices to maintain humidity form the necessary microclimate in the incubator. The incubation process can be observed through the viewing windows in the top cover of the device.

It should be noted that the incubator Ryabushka 70 household eggs has a weight of only 3 kilograms, since the body is made of lightweight foam. At the same time, the functionality does not suffer, but remains on top. You can lay the eggs of any poultry: ducks, turkeys, geese, chickens, etc.

Household incubators should be kept in a room with air temperature from +15 to +35, while they maintain the incubation temperature from +37.7 to +38.3 degrees with an error of ± 0.25 degrees declared by the manufacturer. The accuracy of the digital thermostat for Ryabushka incubator makes the instrument very effective

User's manual

Included with the incubator is an instruction describing all the data for successful use of the device. It describes the following points:

  • Operating rules and precautions
  • Package contents are indicated,
  • Features of work,
  • Storage rules and preparation for operation,
  • Information about the manufacturer, including all contacts.

Before you begin, you should read the instructions to avoid misunderstandings in the future. It describes in detail the principle of working with the device.

Preparation for work

Before loading eggs, check the operation of the heating system and maintain the temperature. The household Ryabushka incubator must maintain a stable temperature in the chamber with an accuracy not exceeding the allowable one. Also the required level of humidity should be maintained. You should test the incubator for 24 hours, after which you can start the bookmark. Preparation of the device and laying eggs can be viewed on the video.

Egg selection

An important aspect is the correct selection of eggs for incubation. This increases the chances of getting a brood of healthy birds. Fresh eggs are selected, ideally stored for up to four days. It is possible to store duck and chicken eggs for no more than six days, turkey and goose - 8 days. Do not wash them before laying, as you can wash off the protective layer from the surface.

Eggs of the correct form are selected, a deviation from the norm is considered a sign of unsuitability. In high-quality eggs, the shell is smooth, without chips, growths or other flaws. You need to choose medium-sized eggs, since large eggs are not suitable for breeding, and small ones make weak chicks. In addition, there is the possibility that future offspring will be carried by the same small eggs.

When selecting eggs for placement in the Ryabushka 2 incubator, it is not enough to evaluate their appearance. It should be further enlighten their ovoskopom. Pay attention to the placement of the yolk. He must be in the center and be sedentary.

The eggs collected for hatching should be stored in a dark ventilated room with an air temperature of + 8-12 degrees and a humidity of 75-80%. Eggs for storage are stacked with a sharp end up. If you have to store them for more than three days, then the eggs must be turned every day to avoid yolk dislocation. It should be noted that every day the quality of eggs decreases.

Eggs with such defects are not suitable for incubation:

  • Irregular shape
  • Cracked and damaged
  • With a fragile shell or with growths on it,
  • With two yolks, with a displaced or spreading yolk,
  • With a large or movable airbag,
  • With damaged yolk membrane, in consequence of which the yolk is mixed with protein,
  • Affected by fungus,
  • With darkish spots or other inclusions,
  • Long stored, stale,

It is important to pick eggs of the same size, otherwise the period of hatching will last for several days. Larger eggs require slightly longer incubation times. If the eggs are different, they should be laid in groups, at short intervals - first large, then smaller.

If situations arise when the Ryabushka 130 or 70 incubator is disconnected from the mains, it can maintain the required temperature in the chamber for several hours. Temporary cooling of the eggs is not dangerous, even if the incubator is turned off for five hours. But overheating threatens the death of the brood or the appearance of sick chicks.

Specifications

The body of the device is made of foam plastic - this provided the incubator with a light weight of 3 kg. Therefore, it is easy to move it before the start of the incubation process. This did not affect the functionality of the device. For proper operation, the “Ryabushka” is placed on a flat surface at a height of at least 50 cm from the ground.

During the incubation of 30 days, Ryabushka uses no more than 10 kW / h. In this case, the supply voltage is 220 V, and the power consumption is 30 watts.

On the cover there is a window through which you can follow the process. It should not be opened more than once a day, when you add warm water to special trays.

The temperature inside the incubator is maintained automatically - it can be adjusted in the range from 37.7 ° C to 38.3 ° C. The manufacturer allows an error of 0.25 ° C. However, the digital thermostat ensures the accuracy of the indicators. The device itself can work indoors from 15 ° C to 35 ° C.

Dimensions of the "Ryabushki" are: 58.5 * 40 * 18 cm.

Production characteristics

If you pull out the mechanism of the coup, the eggs will fit almost twice as much.

Ryabushki-70 is characterized by such roominess of eggs without a mechanism:

  • 70 chicken
  • 55 duck and turkey,
  • 35 goose,
  • 200 Japanese quail.
When laying eggs, consider their size - it is better that the dimensions are the same. This will make the incubation process even.

Incubator Functionality

The desired temperature in the incubator provide 4 lamps. Also there is a thermometer, thermostat, vents, devices that are responsible for humidity. These devices will provide an ideal microclimate for egg ripening.

On the lid there are 4 holes that close on the cap. This is a kind of ventilation system that needs to be opened with an increase in humidity. In the case of low humidity, the manufacturer recommends opening 2 holes.

Works from the network. When turning off the energy and the incubator itself, the camera can keep warm at the right level for several hours. This will save the eggs until the problem with electricity is resolved. You can also wrap the incubator in a blanket to keep the heat better.

Advantages and disadvantages

It is necessary to highlight the advantages of this device:

  • the ability to store heat for a long time after disconnecting from the network,
  • lightweight and compact design does not create inconveniences in moving and storing the incubator,
  • long work time - up to 5 years,
  • automatic temperature setting and the minimum error in the indicators,
  • low price

  • mechanical turning of eggs is inconvenient for farmers who do not have time for it,
  • The relatively small egg capacity is a great opportunity for the Ryabushka-130 modification.

Instructions on the use of equipment

Before using "Ryabushki" it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the recommendations from the manufacturer. This will help extend the life of the device and ensure its high-quality performance. It is necessary to adhere to these rules:

  • the device must be placed away from windows or batteries - drafts, like elevated temperatures, will negatively affect the incubation process,
  • turn on the incubator only when all its elements are set up and the lid is closed,
  • if you are going to use the device in the winter, do not store the device in a cold room before use, and just before using it, let it stand at room temperature for at least an hour.

Preparing the incubator for work

Lay the eggs only after checking the “Ryabushki” for at least one day. During the day, make sure that the thermometers and temperature controllers are working properly, and that the humidity indicator is at its minimum. Then choose a convenient place for the device, where it will stand the whole process of incubation.

Video: how to assemble the "Ryabushka 70" incubator

Egg laying

Properly chosen eggs increase the percentage of healthy chicks. Therefore, do not use them for more than 4 days. It is better if they are fresh. For turkey and goose eggs, an exception is possible - they can be stored for up to 8 days.

Selected eggs should not be washed, otherwise damage the protective layer. Just check that the shell was flawless and chipped. Choose only medium sized eggs. Large and small for breeding are not suitable.

Spit eggs with a sharp spout up. If you lay in the time interval from 17 to 22, the chicks will appear in the afternoon.

The process of incubation lasts from 21 days. Every 3-4 hours the eggs are turned. The temperature of the first 5-6 days to 38 ° C, and humidity - up to 70%. There is an automated temperature in Ryabushka, so it will not be necessary to change it further. From the 18th day of incubation, air the device as much as possible - 10 minutes at least 2 times a day.

Usually, on the 16th day, with the help of an ovoscope, they check how the embryos develop. This will help make sure everything is correct. During this period, the torso is already formed.

Device price

The cost of this device is relatively low:

“Ryabushka-70” is an incubator in which both the quality and the price are good. Users of this device note that the output from the incubator reaches 80%, the tube heater evenly heats the air, unlike the awning, besides it is very compact and light. Also, some users note that there are errors as well - the temperature jumps slightly, so before using for the intended purpose it is important to test the model for at least a couple of days.

The device is not suitable for those who do not have time to turn the contents manually. After all, quit it does almost every hour. Therefore, in the incubator, the position also needs to be changed at least 3 times a day.

From analogs it is worth considering “Ryabushka-130” and “O-Mega” per 100 eggs because of their greater capacity and not much higher price.

Video review of the incubator "Ryabushka 70"

Distinctive features

Ryabushka-2 Incubator - half automatic. The eggs rotate without the participation of the farmer 3 times a day, so he must follow the process and change the position of the eggs at least once every 2-3 hours. The device has a number of distinctive features:

  • On the lid of the incubator there are 4 bulbs installed, with the help of which the air inside the container is heated to the optimum value.
  • Together with the incubator, 2 thermometers (dry and wet) are sold, as well as a digital thermostat. Thermometers show temperature and humidity values, and the controller automatically controls the parameters set by the user. The error is only 0.5 degrees, which does not affect the quality of the brood.
  • Also on the surface of the cover there are 4 holes with plugs. They can be used to regulate the ventilation inside the container. If the humidity is high, all openings will open. If it is, on the contrary, low, it is recommended to open only 2 plugs. This allows you to create an optimal microclimate inside the chamber for breeding chicks of any agricultural bird.

In addition, the lid has a square hole measuring 10X10 cm. Through it, you can easily observe the incubation process without opening the container. In general, the cover should not be removed. It is recommended to do this once a day for a few minutes, at the same time adding warm water to special trays.

The equipment is made of lightweight plastic, so its weight without packaging is only 3 kg. Due to this, the device can be easily transported, but only before the start of the incubation process. During incubation, the device should be fixed. Place it without tilting at a height of 50 cm from the floor.

Basic instruction

So that during the operation there are no questions, you should read the instructions before starting it. It describes all the requirements for using the device. After purchasing the device it is recommended to test it. To do this, the incubator is connected to the mains, set any parameters of temperature and humidity.

Every hour it is necessary to monitor how accurately the thermostat works, verifying its performance with the data on the thermometers. The error should not exceed 0.5 degrees. If everything is functioning normally, eggs can be loaded in a day. First, the temperature is brought to 35 degrees, and after 2-3 hours - to 37.8.

In the event of a power outage, it is necessary to wrap the container in a warm blanket. So inside the optimum temperature will remain for about 5-6 hours. You should not worry, because overheating of eggs is much more dangerous for embryos than hypothermia.

The mechanical revolution can be removed, due to which more eggs will fit inside the incubation chamber. However, in this case, they will have to change their position manually. In addition, during the operation must adhere to a number of rules:

  1. It is necessary to place the device in the room inaccessible for children. The room temperature should be from 15 to 35 degrees.
  2. Do not place the device near a window or heating devices. Draft or exposure to sunlight may affect the incubation process.
  3. It is not recommended to plug in the socket if the cover is removed from the incubator.
  4. If the device is purchased in winter, it is necessary to wait several hours before turning it on. When the temperature drops on its surface condensate.

Also, after the purchase you need to check if there are any deformations on the wiring. Perhaps you need to lubricate the mechanism with oil, if suddenly during operation of the incubator there are strange sounds. Maintenance should also be carried out: daily and periodically. Every day, you need to wipe the dust, add water, ventilate the container.

Once a month, after each end of the incubation process, the inside of the device should be removed. Removed fluff, shells and other possible contamination. The storage of the incubator takes place in the factory box. Once every 2-3 months you should check his condition.

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Ryabushka Incubator IBM-70 for 70 eggs with mechanical overturn - Instruction

2. TECHNICAL DATA

Incubator capacity per:

The incubator provides the temperature in automatic mode in the range of ° C-37.7-38.3.

3. COMPLETENESS

Water tray

4. INSTRUCTIONS ON TECHNICAL SAFETY

4.1. It is forbidden to turn on the incubator with the cover removed.
4.2. It is not allowed to install an incubator near an open flame and heating devices.
4.3. Do not pull the cord.
4.4. ATTENTION. In order to avoid damage to the housing, it is CATEGORICALLY prohibited to bring the temperature in the incubator to more than 50 ° C.
4.5. Do not put foreign objects on the cover or put pressure on it.

5. PREPARATION FOR WORK

5.1. It is forbidden to turn on the incubator with the cover removed.
5.2. Unpack the incubator, remove the cover from the incubator housing.
5.3. Remove the protective container from the incubator, remove from it: passport, measuring cup, thermostat, thermometer.
5.4. Using a measuring cup, pour water into a self-evaporating pan at the bottom of the box at the rate of 2/3 of its capacity.
5.5. Insert a thermometer into the “Thermometer” hole in the housing cover.
5.6. Carefully place the cover on the case.
5.7. Insert the sensor into the “Thermal Sensor Hole” on the incubator lid.
5.8. Install the power cord plug into the outlet of the thermostat.
5.9. Insert the thermostat into a 220 V socket.
5.10. Adjust the temperature according to the instructions for the thermostat.

6. ORDER OF WORK

6.1. Remove the plug from the socket and carefully remove the cover from the incubator. Lay the eggs horizontally in the grid cells. Egg flipping occurs by moving the handle of the flipping mechanism towards and away from you.
6.2. Первый раз яйца поверните через 12ч после их закладки в инкубатор. В дальнейшем переворачивание яиц осуществляется два раза в сутки (утром и вечером).
6.3. Следите за наличием воды в дорожках. Add water as it evaporates in 3-4 days.
6.4. The thermostat sensor and the lower part of the thermometer should be installed as close as possible to the egg surface for the most accurate determination of the temperature in the incubator and its adjustment.

INCUBATION Preparation

Before putting the eggs in the incubator, it is necessary to test the temperature control system for about a day to make sure that the temperature is maintained with an error of 1 degree and you have learned how to regulate it.

It should be remembered that the temporary cooling of eggs is not dangerous (a good brood is obtained even when the incubator is cooled to room temperature for 3 hours), while a short-term overheating above 41 degrees leads to the death of the embryos.

Eggs for incubation are selected fresh, with a shelf life of not more than 3-4 days. The maximum shelf life of chicken and duck eggs is 6, turkey eggs are 8, goose eggs are 10 days. Wash eggs before incubation is impossible, because they are covered with a thin film that can kill microbes.

Hatching eggs must have a regular shape, not spherical and not too elongated, smooth, uniform shell without cracks, without lime bulges, growths, the color of the shell must match the type of bird or breed.

Egg size should be medium. From small eggs, weak chicks will be hatched, which will be harder to grow and preserve. In addition, egg sizes are inherited, and the future female will carry small eggs. Excessively large eggs are often twin yolk, unsuitable for incubation.

When selecting eggs for incubation, one should not only examine them outside, but also look at the light well with the aid of an ovoscope. They should have a sedentary yolk, which occupies a central position in the lumen, without clearly defined boundaries. The air chamber should be at the blunt end of the egg and be barely noticeable. If the air chamber is large, the ego egg has been stored for a long time and is not suitable for incubation.

Eggs prepared for incubation should be stored in a dark, well-ventilated room at a temperature of +8. 12 degrees and relative humidity 75. 80% upright with the blunt end down. If eggs are stored for more than 3 days prior to incubation, they must be turned over daily in a horizontal position, otherwise the yolk will float up and stick to the shell, the egg will become unsuitable for incubation. But even with proper storage, changes occur in the eggs, and their quality decreases.

Irregular eggs that have a shell defect (cracks, thin shells, a large number of large calcareous growths, roughness), two-yielded with an offset or stuck to the shell yolk, with an offset, mobile or wandering air chamber, with blood and other foreign species are considered unsuitable for incubation. inclusions, eggs, in which there was a shift of protein with yolk as a result of rupture of the yolk membrane, protein or yolk painted with blood, eggs affected by mold, eggs that are not translucent or have dark Yatna, “old eggs”, which have been stored for a long time: when scanning, an enlarged air chamber is visible, the yolk is large, dark, close to the shell or sticks to it, its boundaries are more sharply outlined than in a fresh egg, the white is liquid, therefore the yolk is very mobile , eggs, in which there are signs of embryo which has begun to develop, but has died. The yolk loses its shape and appears mixed with protein.

Eggs laid in the incubator must be the same size. If eggs with a mass of 50 to 70 g are placed in the incubator, the output will stretch. and chicks will vary by age. To exclude this, the eggs are grouped by weight: 50. 60 and 61. 70 g. They should be laid and the incubator should be alternately larger first and then smaller. Incubation modes for eggs of different birds are shown in Table 1. The required accuracy of the temperature setting is 1 degree.

Table 1 - Incubation Modes

Hatching chicks

It is necessary to get the chicks all at once. Therefore, it is not possible to open the incubator before everyone has passed through. From 21 days you can already expect chicks. Learn how to disinfect the incubator, disinfect and wash eggs before incubation, how to lay eggs in the incubator, how to over-scrape eggs, what to do if the chicken cannot hatch itself, how to care for the chickens after the incubator.

Comments

not an incubator, but a snare! Just a translation of eggs.

on the thermostat after calibration, the temperature did not change inside as it was and remained on the display 38.5 inside 34 degrees.

I bought an incubator at INSTRUMENTEST.NET. On March 14, 2017 I ordered and there is such a problem. I have an incubator Ryabushka 2 IBM for 70 eggs, a digital thermostat and a mechanical egg roll ribbon heaters. The problem is the temperature on the display 38.5 and in the inside on thermometers 34.4. and on a hygrometer 35.1 degrees (electronic hygrometer) what to do in this case? may need to replace the incubator to another.

Moron incubator. Do not buy low. I bought so many eggs that went into the garbage bucket. Sensors all wrong show. Bullshit

please tell me how you can order an incubator from you ,, please reply

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